Difference between revisions of "Languages by language family"

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This is a schematic list of supported languages with translators in translatewiki.net by the language family they belong to. The information is drawn from Ethnologue or Linguist List, or where those do not apply, the English Wikipedia.
+
This is a ''schematic list'' of '''supported languages''' with translators in translatewiki.net.
  
== Natural language families ==
+
They sorted by the language family, and subfamilies they belong to, and sometimes in their parent macrolanguage (according to [http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/ ISO 639-3], or their registration in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags) when one is defined for them.
=== Afro-Asiatic languages ===
 
*Berber
 
**Northern
 
***Atlas
 
****'''[[Portal:Shi|Tachelit]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Tzm|Central Atlas Tamazight]]'''
 
***Kabyle
 
****'''[[Portal:Kab|Kabyle]]'''
 
***Zenati
 
****'''[[Portal:Shy|Shawiya]]'''
 
****Riff
 
*****'''[[Portal:Rif|Tarifit]]'''
 
*Chadic
 
**West
 
***A
 
****A.1
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ha|Hausa]]'''
 
  
*Cushitic
+
Individual languages that are part of a defined macrolanguage are listed according to ISO 639-3 information, which should also match their individual entries in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags.
**East
 
***Saho-Afar
 
***Somali
 
****'''[[Portal:So|Somali]]'''
 
  
*Semitic
+
The information is drawn from ''[https://www.ethnologue.com/ Ethnologue]'' or ''[http://linguistlist.org/ Linguist List]'' (also indexed on ''[https://glottolog.org/ GlottoLog]'' with research papers and ample bibliography, including for historic languages or languages still not distinguished or encoded in any standard), or where those do not apply, the [[w:en:|English Wikipedia]]. All these sources are also referenced informatively on the official website of the registration agency (SIL) for the international ISO 639-3 standard. But not all legacy ISO 639 codes are valid (the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags is still the single standard and data source we must comply with).
**Central
 
***Aramaic
 
****Eastern
 
*****Central
 
******Northwestern
 
*******'''[[Portal:Tru|Turoyo]]'''
 
***Northwest
 
****'''[[Portal:Arc|Aramaic]]'''
 
***South
 
****Arabic
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ar|Standard Arabic]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Arq|Algerian Arabic]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Arz|Egyptian Arabic]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ary|Moroccan Arabic]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Mt|Maltese]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Aeb|Tunisian Arabic]]'''
 
****Canaanite
 
*****'''[[Portal:He|Hebrew]]'''
 
**South
 
***Ethiopian
 
****North
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ti|Tigrinya]]'''
 
****South
 
*****Transversal
 
******Amharic-Argobba
 
*******'''[[Portal:Am|Amharic]]'''
 
  
=== Algic languages ===
+
The links on language families go to their existing category in this wiki. The links on individual languages (or macrolanguages) go to their portal on this wiki (Please help categorizing these languages, preferably in non-controversial families as the language classification is not completely established between its numerous branches).
*Algonquian
 
**'''[[Portal:Cr|Cree]]'''
 
**Eastern
 
***'''[[Portal:Mic|Micmac]]'''
 
**Ojibwa-Potawatomi
 
***'''[[Portal:Ciw|Chippewa]]'''
 
  
=== Altaic languages ===
+
Extinct (or dormant) languages are marked with (), and distinctive languages without any ISO 639 code assignment are marked with [?]. They are normally not eligible for translations on translatewiki.net, due to lack of reliable translators (except searchers or linguists for reconstruction or historical studies, or encoding of old texts, for example in Wikisource). In this case, there's probably no need to translate the UI in these languages until an active community is restored and wants to use it for their communication (some exceptions may exist as a secondary language for example in religious and ceremonial use). Users that want to translate in these languages should group themselves and manifest it (for example by registering themselves in the language portal, even if it's still marked as disabled, or using the Babelbox), and should initiate a test wiki in that language for example In Wikimedia Incubator to start developing that language but it's more probable they will just need a Wikisource Incubator or a specific category in an existing Wikisource for encoding old texts, using another UI language for their cooperation.
*Mongolian
 
**Eastern
 
***Oirat-Khalkha
 
****Khalkha-Buriat
 
*****Buriat
 
******'''[[Portal:Bxr|Buriat (Russia)]]'''
 
*****Mongolian Proper
 
******'''[[Portal:Mn|Mongolian]]'''
 
****Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat
 
*****'''[[Portal:Xal|Kalmyk]]'''
 
*Tungusic
 
**Southern
 
***Southwest
 
****'''[[Portal:Mnc|Manchu]]'''
 
*Turkic
 
**Bolgar
 
***'''[[Portal:Cv|Chuvash]]'''
 
**Eastern
 
***'''[[Portal:Ug|Uyghur]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Uz|Uzbek]]'''
 
**Northern
 
***'''[[Portal:Sah|Sakha]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Tyv|Tuvin]]'''
 
**Southern
 
***Azerbaijani
 
****'''[[Portal:Az|Azerbaijani]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Azb|South Azerbaijani]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Crh|Crimean Turkish]]'''
 
***Turkish
 
****'''[[Portal:Gag|Gagauz]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Tr|Turkish]]'''
 
***Turkmenian
 
****'''[[Portal:Tk|Turkmen]]'''
 
**Western
 
***Aralo-Caspian
 
****'''[[Portal:Kaa|Karakalpak]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Kk|Kazakh]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Ky|Kirghiz]]'''
 
***Ponto-Caspian
 
****'''[[Portal:Krc|Karachay-Balkar]]'''
 
***Uralian
 
****'''[[Portal:Ba|Bashkir]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Tt|Tatar]]'''
 
  
=== Araucanian languages ===
+
<!--<div style="font-size:9pt;line-height:normal;float:right;margin-left:.5em">__TOC__</div>-->
*'''[[Portal:Arn|Araucanian]]'''
+
__NOTOC__
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''[[:Category:Languages by family|Natural language families]]'' <small>([[#Natural|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Creole languages|Creole languages]]'' <small>([[#Creole|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Pidgins|Pidgins]]'' <small>([[#Pidgins|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Isolated languages|Isolated languages]]'' <small>([[#Isolated|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Sign  languages|Sign languages]]'' <small>([[#Sign|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Artificial languages|Artificial (or constructed) languages]]'' <small>([[#Artificial|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
  
=== Arawakan languages ===
+
<div style="clear:both;font-size:13px;line-height:1.6">
* Maipuran
+
= <span id="Natural">Natural language families</span> =
** Northern Maipuran
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
*** Caribbean
+
* ''[[:Category:Afroasiatic languages|Afroasiatic languages]]'' <small>([[#Afroasiatic|see below]])</small>
**** '''[[Portal:guc|Wayuu]]'''
+
* ''[[:Category:Algic languages|Algic languages]]'' <small>([[#Algic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Altaic languages|Altaic languages]]'' <small>([[#Altaic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Araucanian languages|Araucanian languages]]'' <small>([[#Araucanian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Arawakan languages|Arawakan (or Maipuran) languages]]'' <small>([[#Arawakan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit languages|Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit (or Na-Dene) languages]]'' <small>([[#Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Austroasiatic languages|Austroasiatic languages]]'' <small>([[#Austroasiatic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Austronesian languages|Austronesian languages]]'' <small>([[#Austronesian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Aymaran languages|Aymaran languages]]'' <small>([[#Aymaran|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Cariban languages|Cariban (or Carib) languages]]'' <small>([[#Cariban|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Chibchan languages|Chibchan languages]]'' <small>([[#Chibchan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages|Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages]]'' <small>([[#Chukotko-Kamchatkan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Dravidian languages|Dravidian languages]]'' <small>([[#Dravidian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Eskimo-Aleut languages|Eskimo-Aleut languages]]'' <small>([[#Eskimo-Aleut|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Indo-European languages|Indo-European languages]]'' <small>([[#Indo-European|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Iroquoian languages|Iroquoian languages]]'' <small>([[#Iroquoian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Japonic languages|Japonic languages]]'' <small>([[#Japonic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Kartvelian languages|Kartvelian languages]]'' <small>([[#Kartvelian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Macro-Jê languages|Macro-Jê (or Macro-Gê) languages]]'' <small>([[#Macro-Jê|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Muskogean languages|Muskogean languages]]'' <small>([[#Muskogean|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Niger-Congo languages|Niger-Congo languages (?)]]'' <small>([[#Niger-Congo|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Nilo-Saharan languages|Nilo-Saharan languages (?)]]'' <small>([[#Nilo-Saharan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:North Caucasian languages|North Caucasian languages]]'' <small>([[#North-Caucasian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Otomanguean languages|Otomanguean languages]]'' <small>([[#Otomanguean|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Pano-Tacanan languages|Pano-Tacanan languages]]'' <small>([[#Pano-Tacanan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Pama-Nyungan languages|Pama-Nyungan languages]]'' <small>([[#Pama-Nyungan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Quechuan languages|Quechuan languages]]'' <small>([[#Quechuan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Sino-Tibetan languages|Sino-Tibetan languages]]'' <small>([[#Sino-Tibetan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Siouan-Catawban languages|Siouan-Catawban (or just Siouan) languages]]'' <small>([[#Siouan-Catawban|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Tai-Kadai languages|Tai-Kadai (or Kra-Dai) languages]]'' <small>([[#Tai-Kadai|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Torricelli languages|Torricelli languages]]'' <small>([[#Torricelli|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Tupian languages|Tupian languages]]'' <small>([[#Tupian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Uralic languages|Uralic languages]]'' <small>([[#Uralic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Uto-Aztecan languages|Uto-Aztecan languages]]'' <small>([[#Uto-Aztecan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Yukaghir languages|Yukaghir (or Jukagir) languages]]'' <small>([[#Yukaghir|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
  
=== Austro-Asiatic languages ===
+
== <span id="Afroasiatic">[[:Category:Afroasiatic languages|Afroasiatic languages]]</span> ==
*Mon-Khmer
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Eastern Mon-Khmer
+
* ''[[:Category:Berber languages|Berber languages]]'' <small>([[#Berber|see below]])</small>
***Khmer
+
* ''[[:Category:Chadic languages|Chadic languages]]'' <small>([[#Chadic|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Km|Khmer]]'''
+
* ''[[:Category:Cushitic languages|Cushitic languages]]'' <small>([[#Cushitic|see below]])</small>
**Viet-Muong
+
* ''[[:Category:Egyptian languages|Egyptian languages]]'' <small>([[#Egyptian|see below]])</small>
***Vietnamese
+
* ''[[:Category:Semitic languages|Semitic languages]]'' <small>([[#Semitic|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Vi|Vietnamese]]'''
+
* ''Omotic languages (?)''
*Munda
+
** ''[[:Category:South Omotic languages|South Omotic (or Aroic) languages]]'' <small>([[#South-Omotic|see below]])</small>
**North Munda
+
** ''North Omotic (or non-Aroic) languages (?)''
***Kherwari
+
*** ''[[:Category:Dizoid languages|Dizoid languages]]'' <small>([[#Dizoid|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Sat|Santali]]'''
+
*** ''[[:Category:Ta-Ne-Omotic languages|Ta-Ne-Omotic languages]]'' <small>([[#Ta-Ne-Omotic|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
  
=== Austronesian languages ===
+
; <span id="Berber">''[[:Category:Berber languages|Berber languages]]:''</span>
*Malayo-Polynesian
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Barito
+
* Awjilah [auj]
***East
+
* Guanche (†) [gnc]
****'''[[Portal:Mg|Malagasy]]'''
+
* ''Kabyle-Atlas Berber (or Northern Berber) languages'' <small>([[#Kabyle-Atlas-Berber|see below]])</small>
**Central-Eastern
+
* ''Tuareg languages'' <small>([[#Tuareg|see below]])</small>
***Central Malayo-Polynesian
+
* ''Zenatic languages'' <small>([[#Zenatic|see below]])</small>
****Timor
+
* ''Western Berber languages''
*****Nuclear Timor
+
** Tetserret [tez]
******East
+
** '''[[Portal:Zen|Zenaga]]''' [zen]
*******'''[[Portal:Tet|Tetum]]'''
+
* ''Libyan-Egyptian Oases Berber languages''
***Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
+
** Sawknah-Fogaha (†) [swn]
****Oceanic
+
** Siwi [siz]
*****Central-Eastern Oceanic
+
* Ghadames [gha]
******Remote Oceanic
+
** ''Ayt Waziten''
*******Central Pacific
+
** ''Elt Ulid''
********East Fijian-Polynesian
+
* Nafusi [jbn]
*********Polynesian
+
** ''Jbali-Tamezret''
**********Nuclear
+
** ''Jerba''
***********East
+
** ''Jerbi''
************Central
+
** ''Tamezret''
*************Marquesic
+
** ''Zuara''
**************'''[[Portal:Haw|Hawaiian]]'''
+
}}
*************Tahitic
 
**************'''[[Portal:Mi|Maori]]'''
 
************Rapanui
 
*************'''[[Portal:Rap|Rapanui]]'''
 
**********Tongic
 
***********'''[[Portal:Niu|Niue]]'''
 
***********'''[[Portal:To|Tongan]]'''
 
********West Fijian-Rotuman
 
*********Rotuman
 
**********'''[[Portal:Rtm|Rotuman]]'''
 
**Javanese
 
***'''[[Portal:Jv|Javanese]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Map-bms|Basa Banyumasan]]'''
 
***Malayan
 
****Local Malay
 
*****'''[[Portal:Id|Indonesian]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ms|Malay]]'''
 
**Malayo-Sumbawan
 
***North and East
 
****Achinese-Chamic
 
*****Achinese
 
******'''[[Portal:Ace|Achinese]]
 
*****Chamic
 
******'''[[Portal:Cja|Western Cham]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Cjm|Eastern Cham]]'''
 
****Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ban|Bali]]'''
 
****Malayic
 
*****Malay
 
******'''[[Portal:Bjn|Bahasa Banjar]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Min|Minangkabau]]'''
 
******Trade
 
*******'''[[Portal:Bew|Bahasa Betawi]]'''
 
**North Borneo
 
***Sabahan
 
****Dusunic
 
*****Dusun
 
******Central
 
*******'''[[Portal:Dtp|Central Dusun]]'''
 
**Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands
 
***Batak
 
****Southern
 
*****'''[[Portal:Bbc|Batak Toba]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Mwv|Behase Mentawai]]'''
 
**Philippine
 
***Greater Central Philippine
 
****Central Philippine
 
*****Bikol
 
******Coastal
 
*******Naga
 
********'''[[Portal:Bcl|Bikol Central]]'''
 
*****Bisayan
 
******Cebuan
 
*******'''[[Portal:Ceb|Cebuano]]'''
 
******Central
 
*******Peripheral
 
********'''[[Portal:Cps|Capiznon]]'''
 
********'''[[Portal:Hil|Hiligaynon]]'''
 
*******Warayan
 
********Samar-Waray
 
*********'''[[Portal:War|Waray-Waray]]'''
 
******West
 
*******Kinarayan
 
********'''[[Portal:Krj|Kinaray-a]]'''
 
***Central Luzon
 
****Pampangan
 
*****'''[[Portal:Pam|Pampangan]]'''
 
***Northern Luzon
 
****Ilocano
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ilo|Iloko]]'''
 
****Tagalog
 
*****'''[[Portal:Tl|Tagalog]]'''
 
**South Sulawesi
 
***Bugis
 
****'''[[Portal:Bug|Buginese]]'''
 
***Makassar
 
****'''[[Portal:Sly|Selayar]]'''
 
**Sundanese
 
***'''[[Portal:Su|Sundanese]]'''
 
**'''[[Portal:Ch|Chamorro]]'''
 
*Formosan
 
**Northern Formosan
 
***Atayalic
 
****'''[[Portal:Tay|Atayal]]'''
 
***Northwest Formosan
 
****'''[[Portal:Xsy|Saisiyat]]'''
 
**East Formosan
 
***'''[[Portal:Ami|Amis]]'''
 
  
=== Aymaran languages ===
+
<div id="Kabyle-Atlas-Berber">▸ '''''Kabyle-Atlas Berber languages:'''''</div>
*'''[[Portal:Ay|Aymara]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Kab|Kabyle]]''' [kab]
 +
** ''Eastern Kabyle''
 +
** ''Western Kabyle''
 +
* ''Atlas Berber languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Tzm|Central Atlas Tamazight (or Central Moroccan Berber)]]''' [tzm]
 +
*** ''Central Atlas Berber''
 +
*** '''''[[Portal:Zgh|Standard Moroccan Tamazight]]''''' [zgh]
 +
** ''Northwestern Moroccan Berber languages''
 +
*** Ghomara [gho]
 +
*** Senhaja De Srair [sjs]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Shi|Tachelhit (or Tashelhit, Tashelhait, Tashelhayt, Tashelheyt, Tachilhit, Tashilheet, Tashlhiyt, Shendu, Shandu, Śandu, Shilha, Chleuh)]]''' [shi]
 +
*** ''Susiua (or Sousse, Sus, Sūs, Tasusiyt, Tasoussit, Southern Shilha)''
 +
}}
  
=== Carib languages ===
+
<div id="Tuareg">▸ '''''Tuareg languages:'''''</div>
*Northern
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**East-West Guiana
+
* Tahaggart Tamahaq [thv]
***Macushi-Kapon
+
** ''Ghat''
****Kapon
+
** ''Hoggar''
 +
* ''Southern Tuareg languages''
 +
** Tayart Tamajeq [thz]
 +
*** ''Air (Berber)''
 +
*** ''Tanassfarwat''
 +
** Tamasheq [taq]
 +
*** ''Tadghaq''
 +
*** ''Tadhaq''
 +
*** ''Timbuktu''
 +
** Tawallammat Tamajaq [ttq]
 +
*** ''Ioullemmeden''
 +
*** ''Tawallammat Tan Ataram''
 +
*** ''Tawallammat Tan Dannag''
 +
}}
  
=== Dravidian languages ===
+
<div id="Zenatic">▸ '''''Zenatic languages:'''''</div>
*Northern
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Brh|Brahui]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Shy|Shawiya (or Chaouia of the Aures)]]''' [shy]
*South-Central
+
* Tunisian-Zuwara Berber [?]
**Telugu
+
* Western Algerian Berber [cnu]
***'''[[Portal:Te|Telugu]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Rif|Tarifit (or Tarifiyt-Beni-Iznasen-Eastern Middle Atlas Berber)]]''' [rif]
 +
** ''Iznasen (or Iznacen, Beni Snassen)''
 +
** ''Eastern Middle Atlas Berber (or Berkan Berber)''
 +
** ''Riffian (or Tarifiyt)''
 +
*** ''Central Riffian (or Nador Tarifiyt)''
 +
*** ''West Riffian (or Al Hoceima Tarifiyt)''
 +
* Sened [sds]
 +
** ''Nuclear Sened''
 +
** ''Tmagourt''
 +
* ''Northern Saharan Oasis Berber languages''
 +
** Tumzabt [mzb]
 +
** Tidikelt-Tuat Tamazight [tia]
 +
*** ''Tidikelt''
 +
*** ''Tit''
 +
** Sud Oranais-Gourara [grr]
 +
*** ''Gourara''
 +
*** ''South Oran''
 +
*** ''Touat''
 +
** ''Ouargli-Oued Righ languages''
 +
*** Oued Righ [tjo]
 +
*** Ouargli [oua]
 +
**** ''Ouedghir''
 +
**** ''Tariyit''
 +
**** ''Temacin''
 +
}}
  
*Southern
+
; <span id="Chadic">''[[:Category:Chadic languages|Chadic languages]]:''</span>
**Tamil-Kannada
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***Kannada
+
* ''Biu-Mandara languages'' <small>([[#Biu-Mandara|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Bfq|Badaga]]'''
+
* ''Masa languages'' <small>([[#Masa|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Kn|Kannada]]'''
+
* ''East Chadic languages''
***Tamil-Kodagu
+
** ''East Chadic A languages'' <small>([[#East-Chadic-A|see below]])</small>
****Tamil-Malayalam
+
** ''East Chadic B languages'' <small>([[#East-Chadic-B|see below]])</small>
*****Malayalam
+
* ''West Chadic languages''
******'''[[Portal:Ml|Malayalam]]'''
+
** ''West Chadic A languages'' <small>([[#West-Chadic-A|see below]])</small>
*****Tamil
+
** ''West Chadic B languages'' <small>([[#West-Chadic-B|see below]])</small>
******'''[[Portal:Ta|Tamil]]'''
+
}}
**Tulu
 
***'''[[Portal:Tcy|Tulu]]'''
 
  
=== Eskimo-Aleut languages ===
+
<div id="Biu-Mandara">▸ '''''Biu-Mandara languages:'''''</div>
*Eskimo
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Inuit
+
* Jilbe (or Yilbe, Zoulbou) [jie]
***'''[[Portal:Iu|Inuktitut]]'''
+
* ''North Biu-Mandara languages'' <small>([[#North-Biu-Mandara|see below]])</small>
***'''[[Portal:Kl|Kalaallisut]]'''
+
* ''South Biu-Mandara languages'' <small>([[#South-Biu-Mandara|see below]])</small>
**Yupik
+
* ''Hurza languages''
***Alaskan
+
** Mbuko (or Mbuku, Mboku, Mbokou, Mboko) [mqb]
****'''[[Portal:Esu|Yup'ik]]'''
+
** Vame (or Maslava) [mlr]
 +
*** ''Dume (Vame)''
 +
*** ''Hurzo (or Hurza, Hurza-Vame)''
 +
*** ''Mberem''
 +
*** ''Ndreme''
 +
*** ''Pelasla''
 +
}}
  
=== Indo-European languages ===
+
<div id="North-Biu-Mandara">▸ '''''North Biu-Mandara languages:'''''</div>
*Albanian
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Gheg
+
* ''Kotoko-Buduma languages'' <small>([[#Kotoko-Buduma|see below]])</small>
***'''[[Portal:Aln|Gheg Albanian]]'''
+
* ''Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages'' <small>([[#Margi-Mandara-Mofu|see below]])</small>
**'''[[Portal:Sq|Albanian]]'''
+
* Gidar (or Guidar, Guider, Gidder, Kada, Baynawa) [gid]
**Tosk
+
** ''Lam''
***'''[[Portal:Als|Tosk]]'''
+
* ''Maroua (or Marva, Mi Marva) languages''
 +
** Baldemu (or Baldamu, Baldare, Balda, Mbazla) [bdn]
 +
** ''Giziga (or Gisiga, Gisika, Guiziga, Giziga de Maroua) languages''
 +
*** North Giziga , Tchere, Dogba) [gis]
 +
**** ''Muturuwa''
 +
*** South Giziga (or Gisiga-South, Giziga-South) [giz]
 +
**** ''Mi Mijivin''
 +
**** ''Muturami''
 +
**** ''Rum''
 +
* ''Musguic languages''
 +
** Muskum (†) [mje]
 +
** ''Musgu-Mbara languages''
 +
*** Mbara (Chad) [mpk]
 +
*** Musgu [mug]
 +
**** ''Munjuk-Sud''
 +
**** ''Munjuk-Nord''
 +
***** ''Beege''
 +
***** ''Mpus''
 +
***** ''Muzuk''
 +
***** ''Vulum''
 +
* ''Higic languages''
 +
** Hya (or Ghye, Za) [hya]
 +
** Psikye (or Kamsiki, Pksake) [kvj]
 +
*** ''Nuclear Psikye''
 +
*** ''Wula''
 +
*** ''Zlenge''
 +
** ''Nkafa-Kirya-Bana languages''
 +
*** Bana (or Baza, Ka-Bana, Koma, Mizeran) [bcw]
 +
**** ''Gamboura''
 +
**** ''Gili''
 +
*** ''Nkafa-Kirya languages''
 +
**** Kamwe (or Koma, Ka-Bana, Mbana, Bana, Baza, Mizeran) [bcw]
 +
**** Kirya-Konzel [fkk]
 +
* ''Lamang-Hdi languages''
 +
** Hdi (or Hde, Hide, Xadi, Xedi, Hedi) [xed]
 +
*** ''Tur (or Turu-Hide, Turu, Tourou, Ftour)''
 +
** Vemgo-Mabas (or Mabas) [vem]
 +
*** ''Vemgo''
 +
*** ''Visik''
 +
** Lamang (or Laamang, Mandara Group B) [hia]
 +
*** ''Ghudavan (or Gbuhwe)''
 +
*** ''Zaladva''
 +
*** ''Central Laamang''
 +
**** ''Dlige''
 +
**** ''Hedkala (or Hitkala)''
 +
**** ''Waga (or Waha)''
 +
*** ''North Laamang''
 +
**** ''Dzuba''
 +
**** ''Gwoza''
 +
**** ''Leghva''
 +
**** ''Zaladeva''
 +
}}
  
*Armenian
+
<div id="Kotoko-Buduma">▸ '''''Kotoko-Buduma languages:'''''</div>
**'''[[Portal:Hy|Armenian]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Buduma (or Boudouma, Yadena, Yedana, Yedima, Yedina, Yidana, Yidena) [bdm]
 +
** ''Kuri (Buduma) (or Buduma-Kuri)''
 +
** ''Northern Buduma''
 +
** ''Nuclear Buduma''
 +
** ''Southern Buduma''
 +
* ''Kotoko Meridional languages''
 +
** Jina [jia]
 +
*** ''Mo’e''
 +
*** ''Muhulu''
 +
*** ''Zina (or Zine)''
 +
** Majera (Mayera, Mazera, Mida’a, Midah, Da’a, Daa) [xmj]
 +
*** ''Hwalem''
 +
*** ''Kajire-’dulo''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Majera''
 +
* ''Kotoko Central languages''
 +
** Lagwan (or Lagouane, Lagwane, Lagwan Kotoko, Kotoko-Logone, Logone) [kot]
 +
*** ''Affade''
 +
*** ''Logone-Birni (or Logone-Birni Kotoko)''
 +
*** ''Logone-Gana''
 +
** Mser (or Kotoko-Kuseri, Kuseri, Kouseri, Kousseri, Mandage, Mandague, Mendage, Klesem) [kqx]
 +
*** ''Gawi''
 +
*** ''Houlouf''
 +
*** ''Kabe''
 +
*** ''Kalo''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Mser''
 +
* ''Kotoko Septentrional (or Mandage, Mandague, Mandagué, Mendage) languages''
 +
** ''Kotoko Septentrional 1 languages''
 +
*** Afade (or Affade, Afadeh, Afada, Mogari, Ngala) [aal]
 +
*** Maslam (or Kotoko-Maltam, Maltam) [msv]
 +
**** ''Nuclear Maslam''
 +
**** ''Sao''
 +
** ''Kotoko Septentrional 2 languages''
 +
*** Ngala of Lake Chad (†) [?]
 +
*** Malgbe (or Malbe, Malgwe, Ngwalkwe, Sanbalbe) [mxf]
 +
**** ''Douguia''
 +
**** ''Dro''
 +
**** ''Goulfey (Goulfei, Gulfei, Kotoko-Gulfei, Gulfe)''
 +
**** ''Mara (Malgbe)''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Malgbe''
 +
**** ''Walia (Malgbe)''
 +
*** Mpade [mpi]
 +
**** ''Bodo (Mpade)''
 +
**** ''Digam''
 +
**** ''Makari (or Kotoko-Makari, Makary, Mackeri)
 +
**** ''Nuclear Mpade''
 +
**** ''Shoe''
 +
**** ''Woulki''
 +
}}
  
*Baltic
+
<div id="Margi-Mandara-Mofu">▸ '''''Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages:'''''</div>
**Eastern
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***'''[[Portal:Lv|Latvian]]'''
+
}}
****'''[[Portal:ltg|Latgalian]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Lt|Lithuanian]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:sgs|Samogitian]]'''
 
**Western
 
***'''[[Portal:Prg|Prussian]]'''
 
  
*Celtic
+
<div id="South-Biu-Mandara">▸ '''''South Biu-Mandara languages:'''''</div>
**Insular
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***Brythonic
+
}}
****'''[[Portal:Br|Breton]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Kw|Cornish]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Cy|Welsh]]'''
 
***Goidelic
 
****'''[[Portal:Ga|Irish]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Gv|Manx]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Gd|Scottish Gaelic]]'''
 
  
*Germanic
+
<div id="Masa">▸ '''''Masa languages:'''''</div>
**'''[[Portal:Hrx|Hunsrik]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**East
+
* ''North Masa languages''
***'''[[Portal:Got|Gothic]]'''
+
** ''Marba-Musey-Ham languages''
**North
+
*** Ham [?]
***East Scandinavian
+
*** Marba [mpg]
****Danish-Swedish
+
**** ''Monogoy''
*****Danish-Bokmål
+
*** Musey [mse]
******'''[[Portal:Nb|Norwegian Bokmål]]'''
+
**** ''Bongor-Jodo-Tagal-Berem-Gunu''
*****Danish-Riksmål
+
**** ''Jaraw-Domo''
******Danish
+
**** ''Lew''
*******'''[[Portal:Da|Danish]]'''
+
**** ''Pe (Chadic)''
*******'''[[Portal:jut|Jutish]]'''
+
**** ''Pe-Holom-Gamé''
*****Swedish
+
** ''Masa-Gizey-Zumaya languages''
******'''[[Portal:Sv|Swedish]]'''
+
*** Gizey [?]
***West Scandinavian
+
*** Zumaya [zuy]
****'''[[Portal:Fo|Faroese]]'''
+
*** Masana (or Massa) [mcn]
****'''[[Portal:Is|Icelandic]]'''
+
**** ''Banana''
****'''[[Portal:Nn|Norwegian Nynorsk]]'''
+
**** ''Bongor''
**West
+
**** ''Budugum''
***English
+
**** ''Bugudum''
****'''[[Portal:En|English]]'''
+
**** ''Gumay''
****'''[[Portal:Ang|Old English]]'''
+
**** ''Central Masa''
****'''[[Portal:Sco|Scots]]'''
+
***** ''Gizay''
***Frisian
+
***** ''Wina''
****'''[[Portal:Stq|Saterfriesisch]]'''
+
**** ''West Masa''
****'''[[Portal:Fy|West Frisian]]'''
+
***** ''Domo''
****'''[[Portal:Frr|Northern Frisian]]'''
+
***** ''Walia''
***Low Saxon-Low Franconian
+
***** ''Yagwa''
****Low Franconian
+
* ''South Masa languages''
*****'''[[Portal:Af|Afrikaans]]'''
+
** Herde [hed]
*****'''[[Portal:Nl|Dutch]]'''
+
** Ngete [nnn]
*****'''[[Portal:Li|Limburgish]]'''
+
** Mesme (or Zime, Djime) [zim]
*****'''[[Portal:Vls|West-Vlams]]'''
+
*** ''Bero''
*****'''[[Portal:Zea|Zeelandic]]'''
+
*** ''Zamre''
****Low Saxon
+
** Peve (or Lamé, Kado) [lme]
*****'''[[Portal:Nds|Low German]]'''
+
*** ''Dari (Chadic)''
*****'''[[Portal:Pdt|Plautdietsch]]'''
+
*** ''Doe (Chadic)''
*** High German
+
*** ''Lamé''
**** German
+
}}
*****Middle German
 
******East Middle German
 
*******'''[[Portal:De|German]]'''
 
*******'''[[Portal:Sli|Lower Silesian]]'''
 
******West Middle German
 
*******'''[[Portal:Pdc|Pennsylvania German]]'''
 
*******Moselle Franconian
 
********'''[[Portal:Lb|Luxembourgish]]'''
 
*******Rhenisch Franconian
 
********'''[[Portal:Pfl|Pfälzisch]]'''
 
*******Ripurian Franconian
 
********'''[[Portal:Ksh|Kölsch]]'''
 
*****Upper German
 
******Alemannic
 
*******'''[[Portal:Gsw|Swiss German]]'''
 
******Bavarian-Austrian
 
*******'''[[Portal:Bar|Bavarian]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Vmf|Upper Franconian]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Yi|Yiddish]]'''
 
  
*Greek
+
<div id="East-Chadic-A">▸ '''''East Chadic A languages:'''''</div>
**Attic
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***'''[[Portal:Grc|Ancient Greek]]'''
+
}}
***'''[[Portal:El|Greek]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Pnt|Pontic]]'''
 
**Doric
 
***'''[[Portal:tsd|Tsakonian]]'''
 
  
*Indo-Iranian
+
<div id="East-Chadic-B">▸ '''''East Chadic B languages:'''''</div>
**Indo-Aryan
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***'''[[Portal:sa|Sanskrit]]'''
+
}}
***Central zone
 
****Gujarati
 
*****'''[[Portal:Gu|Gujarati]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Saz|Saurashtra]]'''
 
****Panjabi
 
***** '''[[Portal:pa|Punjabi]]'''
 
****Romani
 
*****Vlax
 
****** '''[[Portal:rmy|Vlax Romani]]'''
 
****Western Hindi
 
*****Hindustani
 
******'''[[Portal:Hi|Hindi]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Ur|Urdu]]'''
 
***Eastern zone
 
****Bengali-Assamese
 
*****'''[[Portal:As|Assamese]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Bn|Bengali]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Bpy|Bishnupriya Manipuri]]'''
 
****Bihari
 
*****'''[[Portal:Anp|Angika]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Bho|Bhojpuri]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Mai|Maithili]]'''
 
****Oriya
 
*****'''[[Portal:Or|Oriya]]'''
 
***East-Central zone
 
****'''[[Portal:Hif|Fiji Hindi]]'''
 
***Northern zone
 
****'''[[Portal:Ne|Nepali]]'''
 
***Northwestern zone
 
****Dardic
 
*****Chitral
 
******'''[[Portal:Khw|Khowar]]'''
 
******Kashmiri
 
*******'''[[Portal:Ks|Kashmiri]]'''
 
****Lahnda
 
*****'''[[Portal:Pnb|Western Punjabi]]'''
 
****Sindhi
 
*****'''[[Portal:sd|Sindhi]]'''
 
***Sinhalese-Maldivian
 
****'''[[Portal:Dv|Divehi]]'''
 
****'''[[Portal:Si|Sinhalese]]'''
 
***Southern zone
 
****'''[[Portal:Mr|Marathi]]'''
 
*****Konkani
 
******'''[[Portal:Gom|Goan Konkani]]'''
 
***Unclassified
 
****'''[[Portal:Pi|Pali]]'''
 
**Iranian
 
***Eastern Iranian
 
****Northeastern
 
*****'''[[Portal:Os|Ossetic]]'''
 
****Southeastern Iranian
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ps|Pashto]]'''
 
***Western Iranian
 
****Northwestern Iranian
 
*****Baluchi
 
******'''[[Portal:Bcc|Southern Baluchi]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Bgn|Western Baluchi]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Bgp|Eastern Baluchi]]'''
 
*****Caspian
 
******'''[[Portal:Glk|Gilaki]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Mzn|Mazanderani]]'''
 
*****Central Iran
 
******'''[[Portal:Gbz|Zoroastrian Dari]]'''
 
*****'''[[Portal:Ku|Kurdish]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Lki|Laki]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Ckb|Central Kurdish]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Sdh|Southern Kurdish]]'''
 
*****Talysh
 
******'''[[Portal:Tly|Talysh]]'''
 
*****Zaza-Gorani
 
******'''[[Portal:Kiu|Kirmanjki]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Diq|Zazaki]]'''
 
****Southwestern Iranian
 
*****Luri
 
******'''[[Portal:Bqi|Bakhtiari]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Lrc|Northern Luri]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Luz|Southern Luri]]'''
 
*****Persian
 
******'''[[Portal:Fa|Persian]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Tg|Tajik]]'''
 
******'''[[Portal:Prs|Dari]]'''
 
*****Tat
 
******'''[[Portal:Ttt|Tat]]'''
 
  
*Italic
+
<div id="West-Chadic-A">▸ '''''West Chadic A languages:'''''</div>
**Latino-Faliscan
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***'''[[Portal:La|Latin]]'''
+
* ''West Chadic A.1 languages''
**Romance
+
** Gwandara [gwn]
***Eastern
+
*** ''Gwandara Eastern''
****'''[[Portal:Rup|Aromanian]]'''
+
*** ''Gwandara Gitata''
****'''[[Portal:Ruq|Megleno Romanian]]'''
+
*** ''Gwandara Karashi''
****'''[[Portal:Ro|Romanian]]'''
+
*** ''Gwandara Koro''
*****'''[[Portal:Mo|Moldovan]]'''
+
*** ''Gwandara Southern''
***Italo-Western
+
*** ''Nimbia''
****Italo-Dalmatian
+
** '''[[Portal:Ha|Hausa]]''' [ha]
*****'''[[Portal:It|Italian]]'''
+
*** ''Aderawa''
*****'''[[Portal:Nap|Neapolitan]]'''
+
*** ''Damagaram''
*****'''[[Portal:Scn|Sicilian]]'''
+
*** ''Dawra''
****'''[[Portal:Roa-tara|Tarandíne]]'''
+
*** ''Gaya''
****Western
+
*** ''Kurfey''
*****Gallo-Iberian
+
*** ''Eastern Hausa''
******Gallo-Romance
+
**** ''Hadejiya''
*******Gallo-Italian
+
**** ''Kano''
********'''[[Portal:Eml|Emiliano-Romagnolo]]'''
+
**** ''Katagum''
*********'''[[Portal:Egl|Emilian]]'''
+
*** ''North Hausa''
*********'''[[Portal:Rgn|Romagnol]]'''
+
**** ''Arawa''
********'''[[Portal:Lij|Líguru]]'''
+
**** ''Arewa''
********'''[[Portal:Lmo|Lombard]]'''
+
*** ''Western Hausa''
********'''[[Portal:Pms|Piedmontese]]'''
+
**** ''Adarawa''
********'''[[Portal:Vec|Venetian]]'''
+
**** ''Gobirawa''
*******Gallo-Rhaetian
+
**** ''Katsina''
********Oïl
+
**** ''Kebbawa''
*********French
+
**** ''Sokoto (Hausa)''
**********'''[[Portal:Frc|Cajun French]]'''
+
**** ''Zamfarawa''
**********'''[[Portal:Fr|French]]'''
+
* ''West Chadic A.2-3 languages''
**********'''[[Portal:Pcd|Picard]]'''
+
** ''West Chadic A.2 languages''
**********'''[[Portal:Wa|Walloon]]'''
+
*** Boleic languages''
*********Southeastern
+
**** Bure (or Bubbure, Bubburè, Bubure) [bvh]
**********'''[[Portal:Frp|Franco-Provençal]]'''
+
**** Maaka (or Maka, Maga, Magha, Maha) [mew]
********Rhaetian
+
**** Nyam (or Nyambolo) [nmi]
*********'''[[Portal:Fur|Friulian]]'''
+
**** Kholok (or Kode, Koode, Kwoode, Pia, Pitiko, Piya, Widala, Wurkum) [ktc]
*********'''[[Portal:Rm|Romansch]]'''
+
**** ''Kunshenu''
*******Occitano-Romance
+
**** Karekare (or Karai Karai, Karaikarai, Kerekere, Kerrikerri) [kai]
********'''[[Portal:Oc|Occitan]]'''
+
***** ''Birkai''
******Ibero-Romance
+
***** ''Jalalam''
*******East Iberian
+
***** ''Kwarta Mataci''
********'''[[Portal:Ca|Catalan]]'''
+
**** ''Nuclear Boleic languages''
*******West Iberian
+
***** ''Gera-Geruma-Kubi-Deno languages''
********Asturo-Leonese
+
****** ''Kubi-Deno languages''
*********'''[[Portal:Ast|Asturian]]'''
+
******* Deno (or Denawa, Denwa) [dbb]
*********'''[[Portal:Mwl|Mirandese]]'''
+
******* Kubi (or Kuba, Kubawa, Be) [kof]
********Castilian
+
****** ''Gera-Geruma languages''
*********'''[[Portal:Ext|Extremaduran]]'''
+
******* Gera (or Gerawa) [gew]
*********'''[[Portal:Lad|Ladino]]'''
+
******* Geruma (or Gerumawa, Gerema, Germa) [gea]
*********'''[[Portal:Es|Spanish]]'''
+
******** ''Duurum''
********Portuguese-Galician
+
******** ''Gamsawa''
*********'''[[Portal:Gl|Galician]]'''
+
******** ''Sum''
*********'''[[Portal:Pt|Portuguese]]'''
+
***** ''Galambu-Bele languages''
*****Pyrenean-Mozarabic
+
****** Galambu (or Galambe, Galambi, Galembi) [glo]
******Pyrenean
+
****** ''Kirfi-Bele languages''
*******'''[[Portal:An|Aragonese]]'''
+
******* Giiwo (or Bu Giiwo, Kirfi, Kirifi, Kirifawa) [kks]
***Southern
+
******* ''Ngamo-Bele languages''
****Corsican
+
******** Ngamo (or Gamo, Gamawa, Ngamawa) [nbh]
*****'''[[Portal:Cos|Corsican]]'''
+
******** ''Bolanci-Bele languages''
****'''[[Portal:Sc|Sardinian]]'''
+
********* Beele (or Bele, Àbéélé, Bellawa) [bxq]
*****'''[[Portal:Sdc|Sassarese]]'''
+
********* Bole (or Bolewa, Bolawa, Bolanchi, Borpika, Daza, Dazawa, Ampika) [bol]
 +
********** ''Fika Bole''
 +
********** ''Gadam-Bara''
 +
*** Tangalic languages''
 +
**** Dera (Nigeria) (or Kanakuru) [kna]
 +
***** ''Gasi''
 +
***** ''Shani''
 +
***** ''Shellen''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Tangalic languages''
 +
***** Kushi (or Kushe, Goji, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [kuh]
 +
***** Pero (or Pipero, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [pip]
 +
***** Piya-Kwonci (or Ambandi, Wurkum) [piy]
 +
****** ''Kwonci''
 +
****** ''Piya (or Pia, Pitiko)''
 +
***** ''Tangale-Kwami-Kupto languages''
 +
****** Tangale (or Tanagale, Tangle) [tan]
 +
******* ''Biliri''
 +
******* ''Kaltungo''
 +
******* ''Shongom''
 +
******* ''Ture''
 +
****** ''Kwami-Kupto languages''
 +
******* Kutto (or Kúttò, Kupto) [kpa]
 +
******* Kwaami (or Kwami, Kwamanchi, Kwam, Kwom, Komawa) [ksq]
 +
** ''West Chadic A.3 languages''
 +
***  
 +
* ''West Chadic A.4 languages''
 +
** ''Fyer-Tambas languages''
 +
***  
 +
** ''Ronic languages''
 +
***
 +
}}
  
*Slavic
+
<div id="West-Chadic-B">▸ '''''West Chadic B languages:'''''</div>
**East
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***'''[[Portal:Be|Belarusian]]'''
+
* ''West Chadic B.1 (or Bade) languages''
***'''[[Portal:Ru|Russian]]'''
+
** Duwai (or Eastern Bade, Evji) [dgp]
***'''[[Portal:Rue|Rusyn]]'''
+
** ''Ngizim-Southwestern Bade languages''
***'''[[Portal:Uk|Ukrainian]]'''
+
*** Ngizim (or Ngizimanci, Ngezzim, Ngizmawa, Ngo:djin, Ngojin) [ngi]
**South
+
*** ''Shira-Southwestern Bade languages''
***Eastern
+
**** ''Shira languages'' (†)
****'''[[Portal:Bg|Bulgarian]]'''
+
***** Auyokawa (or Auyo, Auyakawa, Awiaka) (†) [auo]
****'''[[Portal:Mk|Macedonian]]'''
+
***** Teshenawa (or Teshena) (†) [twc]
****'''[[Portal:Cu|Church Slavic]]'''
+
**** Bade (Badé, Bede, Bedde, Gidgid) [bde]
***Western
+
***** ''Gashua Bade''
****'''[[Portal:Bs|Bosnian]]'''
+
***** ''Shirawa''
****'''[[Portal:Hr|Croatian]]'''
+
***** ''Southern Bade''
****'''[[Portal:Sr|Serbian]]'''
+
***** ''Western Bade''
****'''[[Portal:Sl|Slovene]]'''
+
* ''West Chadic B.2 languages''
****'''<nowiki>*</nowiki>[[Portal:Sh|Serbo-Croatian]]'''
+
** Ajawa (or Aja, Ajanci) (†) [ajw]
**West
+
** Ciwogai (or Sago, Tsagu) [tgd]
***Czech-Slovak
+
** Diri (or Diriya, Dirya, Diryawa) [dwa]
****'''[[Portal:Cs|Czech]]'''
+
** Mburku (or Mburkanci, Burkanawa, Kanawa, Barko, Barke, Lipkawa, Kariya Wuufu, Wudufu) [bbt]
****'''[[Portal:Sk|Slovak]]'''
+
** Pa’a (or Pala, Pa’awa, Fa’awa, Afawa, Afa, Afanci, Fucaka, Foni) [pqa]
***Lechitic
+
** Siri (or Sirawa) [sir]
****'''[[Portal:Csb|Kashubian]]'''
+
** Zumbun (or Jimbin, Jimbinawa) [jmb]
****'''[[Portal:Pl|Polish]]'''
+
** ''Warji-Gala-Kariya languages''
***Sorbian
+
*** Kariya (or Kariya Lipkawa, Kariyu, Kauyawa, Vinahe, Wihe) [kil]
****'''[[Portal:Dsb|Lower Sorbian]]'''
+
*** Warji (or Werji, Warja, Warjawa, Ajawa, Ajanci, Aja, Sarawa, Sar, Sirzakwai) [wji]
****'''[[Portal:Hsb|Upper Sorbian]]'''
+
*** Miya (or Miyawa, Muya) [mkf]
***'''[[Portal:Szl|Silesian]]'''
+
**** ''Demshin''
 +
**** ''Faishang''
 +
**** ''Federe''
 +
**** ''Fursum''
 +
**** ''Gala''
 +
* ''West Chadic B.3 (or South Bauchi) languages''
 +
** ''South Bauchi East languages''
 +
*** ''Boghomic languages''
 +
**** Boghom (or Bogghom, Boghorom, Bohom, Borrom, Burom, Bogham, Bokiyim, Burrum, Burum, Burma, Saya Group C, Zaar Group C) [bux]
 +
**** ''Kir-Mangas languages''
 +
***** Kir-Balar (or Kir, Kirr, Larbawa) [kkr]
 +
***** Mangas [zns]
 +
*** ''Guruntumic (or Gurdung, Gùrdùŋ, Guruntum, Gùrùntùm) languages''
 +
**** Jimi (Nigeria) (or Bi-Gimu) [jmi]
 +
***** ''Zumo''
 +
**** Guruntum-Mbaaru (or Gurdu-Mbaaru) [grd]
 +
***** ''Dooka''
 +
***** ''Gar''
 +
***** ''Gayar''
 +
***** ''Karakara''
 +
***** ''Kuuku''
 +
***** ''Lungu''
 +
***** ''Mbaaru''
 +
**** ''Tala-Sho-Zangwal languages''
 +
***** Ju (or Sho) [juu]
 +
***** Tala [tak]
 +
***** Zangwal (or Zwangal, Twar) [zah]
 +
** ''South Bauchi West languages''
 +
*** ''Northwest South Bauchi languages''
 +
**** Geji (or Gejawa, Gezawa, Kayauri) [gji]
 +
***** ''Bolu (or Pelu, Magang)''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Geji''
 +
***** ''Zaranda (or Buu)''
 +
**** ''Polcic languages''
 +
***** Luri (or Lurí, Lúr, Lur) [ldd]
 +
***** Polci (or Palci) [plj]
 +
****** ''Baram''
 +
****** ''Buli (Polci)''
 +
****** ''Dir''
 +
****** ''Langas''
 +
****** ''Polchi (or Palchi)''
 +
****** ''Zul''
 +
*** ''Southwest South Bauchi languages''
 +
**** Dass or (Barawa of Dass, Barawa) [dot]
 +
***** ''Dakshi''
 +
***** ''Durr-Baraza''
 +
***** ''Wandi''
 +
***** ''Zumbul''
 +
**** Zeem (or Zeemo) [zua]
 +
***** ''Danshe''
 +
***** ''Lushi''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Zeem''
 +
**** ''Zakse-Saya languages''
 +
***** Dyarim [?]
 +
***** Saya (or Sayanci, Sayara, Sayawa, Seiyara, Seiyawa, Seya, Seyawa, Vigzar, Vikzar, Zaar, Gambar Leere, Kal, Lusa) [say]
 +
***** Zari (or Zariwa) [zaz]
 +
****** ''Boto''
 +
****** ''Nuclear Zari''
 +
****** ''Zakshi (or Zaksa)''
 +
}}
  
=== Iroquoian languages ===
+
; <span id="Cushitic">''[[:Category:Cushitic languages|Cushitic languages]]:''</span>
*Southern Iroquoian
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Chr|Cherokee]]'''
+
* ''Agaw languages'' <small>([[#Agaw|see below]])</small>
 +
* Beja [bej]
 +
** ''Ababda''
 +
** ''Amara (Beja)''
 +
** ''Beni-Amir''
 +
** ''Bisharin''
 +
** ''Hadareb''
 +
** ''Hadendoa''
 +
* ''East Cushitic languages''
 +
** Boon [bnl]
 +
** Dahalo [dal]
 +
** ''Highland East Cushitic languages'' <small>([[#Highland-East-Cushitic|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Lowland East Cushitic languages'' <small>([[#Lowland-East-Cushitic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''South Cushitic languages''
 +
** Aasax (†) [aas]
 +
** Kw’adza (†) [wka]
 +
** ''West Rift South Cushitic languages''
 +
*** Burunge [bds]
 +
*** ''Northern West Rift South Cushitic languages''
 +
**** Alagwa [wbj]
 +
**** ''Iraqwoid languages''
 +
***** Gorowa [gow]
 +
***** Iraqw [irk]
 +
****** ''Asa''
 +
}}
  
=== Japanese languages ===
+
<div id="Agaw">▸ '''''Agaw languages:'''''</div>
*'''[[Portal:Ja|Japanese]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Awngi [awn]
 +
** ''Dega''
 +
** ''Kunfäl''
 +
** ''Kwolla''
 +
* ''Northern-Eastern-Western Agaw languages''
 +
** Qimant [ahg]
 +
*** ''Dembiya''
 +
*** ''Falasha''
 +
*** ''Kimant''
 +
*** ''Qwara''
 +
** ''Northeastern Agaw languages''
 +
*** Bilin [byn]
 +
*** Xamtanga [xan]
 +
**** ''Khamir''
 +
**** ''Transitional Eastern Agaw''
 +
***** ''Kailina''
 +
***** ''Semen Agaw''
 +
}}
  
=== Kartvelian languages ===
+
<div id="Highland-East-Cushitic ">▸ '''''Highland East Cushitic languages:'''''</div>
*Georgian
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Ka|Georgian]]'''
+
* Burji [bji]
*Zan
+
* ''Sidaama-Hadiyya-Kambaata languages''
**'''[[Portal:Lzz|Lazuri]]'''
+
** ''Sidaama-Gedeo languages''
**'''[[Portal:Xmf|Mingrelian]]
+
*** Gedeo (or Darassa, Derasanya) [drs]
 +
*** Sidamo [sid]
 +
** ''Hadiyya-Kambaata languages''
 +
*** ''Hadiyyaic languages''
 +
**** Libido [liq]
 +
**** Hadiyya [hdy]
 +
***** ''Leemo''
 +
***** ''Soro''
 +
*** ''Kambaataic languages''
 +
**** Alaba-K’abeena [alw]
 +
**** Kambaata [ktb]
 +
***** ''Qebena''
 +
***** ''Tambaro''
 +
***** ''Timbaro''
 +
}}
  
=== Macro-Ge ===
+
<div id="Lowland-East-Cushitic">▸ '''''Lowland East Cushitic languages:'''''</div>
*Ge-Kaingang
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Kgp|Kaingang]]'''
+
* ''Saho-Afar languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Aa|Afar]]''' [aa]
 +
*** ''Aussa''
 +
*** ''Baadu''
 +
*** ''Central Afar''
 +
*** ''Northern Afar''
 +
** Saho [ssy]
 +
*** ''Central Saho''
 +
**** ''Dabrimeela''
 +
**** ''Minifire''
 +
*** ''Northern Saho''
 +
**** ''Assaorta''
 +
**** ''Tharuuca''
 +
*** ''Southern Saho''
 +
**** ''Irob''
 +
**** ''Xazo''
 +
* ''Southern Lowland East Cushitic languages''
 +
** ''Mainstream Lowland East Cushitic languages''
 +
*** ''Omo-Tana languages'' <small>([[#Omo-Tana|see below]])</small>
 +
*** ''Oromoid languages'' <small>([[#Oromoid|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Transversal Lowland East Cushitic languages''
 +
*** Yaaku [muu]
 +
*** ''Dullay languages''
 +
**** Tsamai [tsb]
 +
**** Ale-Gawwada [gwd]
 +
***** ''Dihina''
 +
***** ''Gergere''
 +
***** ''Gobeze''
 +
***** ''Gollango''
 +
***** ''Gorose''
 +
***** ''Harso''
 +
}}
  
=== Muskogean languages ===
+
<div id="Omo-Tana">▸ '''''Omo-Tana languages:'''''</div>
*Eastern
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Akz|Alabama]]'''
+
* ''Western Omo-Tana languages''
 +
** Arbore [arv]
 +
** Daasanach [dsh]
 +
** El Molo (†) [elo]
 +
* ''Eastern Omo-Tana languages''
 +
** Girirra [?]
 +
** Rendille [rel]
 +
** Maay (or Af-Maymay, Rahanween) [ymm]
 +
*** ''Af-Helledi''
 +
** ''Baiso-Jiiddu languages''
 +
*** Baiso [bsw]
 +
*** Jiiddu [jii]
 +
** ''Dabarre-Tunni languages''
 +
*** Tunni [tqq]
 +
*** Dabarre [dbr]
 +
**** ''Iroole''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Dabarre''
 +
** '''[[Portal:So|Somali]]''' [so]
 +
*** ''Af-Ashraaf''
 +
*** ''Benaadir''
 +
*** ''Degodia''
 +
*** ''Northern Somali''
 +
*** ''Ogaden''
 +
** ''Karre-Boni languages''
 +
*** Garre [gex]
 +
*** Aweer (or Boni, Ogoda, Sanye) [bob]
 +
**** ''Kilii''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Aweer''
 +
***** ''Baddey Aweer''
 +
***** ''South Aweer''
 +
****** ''Bireeri Aweer'
 +
****** ''Central Aweer''
 +
******* ''Jara Aweer''
 +
******* ''Kijee Aweer''
 +
******* ''Safaree Aweer''
 +
}}
  
=== Niger-Congo languages ===
+
<div id="Oromoid">▸ '''''Oromoid languages:'''''</div>
*Atlantic-Congo
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Atlantic
+
* ''Konsoid languages''
***Northern
+
** Konso [kxc]
****Senegambian
+
** ''Gidole-Bussa languages''
*****Fula-Wolof
+
*** Bussa (or D’oopace, Dobase, Goraze, Lohu, Mosiye) [dox]
******'''[[Portal:Ff|Fulah]]'''
+
*** Dirasha (or Gardula, Ghidole) [gdl]
******Wolof
+
* '''[[Portal:Om|Oromo]]''' macrolanguage [om] (''Nuclear Oromo languages'')
*******'''[[Portal:Wo|Wolof]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Gaz|West Central Oromo]]''' [gaz] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
**Volta-Congo
+
*** ''Mecha''
***Benue-Congo
+
*** ''Tulema''
****Bantoid
+
*** ''Western Oromo''
*****Southern
+
** ''Central-Eastern Oromo languages''
******Narrow Bantu
+
*** ''South-East-North Oromo languages''
*******Central
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ssn|Waata]]''' [ssn] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
********G
+
**** '''[[Portal:Hae|Eastern Oromo]]''' [hae] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
*********Swahili (G.40)
+
***** ''Barentu''
**********'''[[Portal:Swb|Comorian]]'''
+
***** ''Northern Oromo''
**********'''[[Portal:Sw|Swahili]]'''
+
****** ''Raya''
********H
+
****** ''Wolo''
*********Kongo (H.10)
+
*** ''Central Oromo languages''
**********'''[[Portal:Kg|Kongo]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Orc|Orma]]''' [orc] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
********J
+
***** ''Munyo''
*********Nyoro-Ganda (J.10)
+
***** ''Nuclear Orma''
**********'''[[Portal:Lg|Luganda]]'''
+
***** ''Orma (Kenya)''
********R
+
**** '''[[Portal:Gax|Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo]]''' [gax] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
*********'''[[Portal:Hz|Herero]]'''
+
***** ''Arsi''
********S
+
***** ''Gabra''
*********Nguni (S.40)
+
***** ''Guji''
**********'''[[Portal:Ss|Swati]]'''
+
***** ''Kereyu''
*********Sotho-Tswana (S.30)
+
***** ''Sakuye''
**********Sotho
+
***** ''Salale''
***********Northern
+
***** ''Borana''
************'''[[Portal:Nso|Northern Sotho]]'''
+
****** ''Yaabelloo''
**********'''[[Portal:Loz|Lozi]]'''
+
}}
*********'''[[Portal:Ts|Tsonga]]'''
 
**********Tswana
 
***********'''[[Portal:Tn|Tswana]]'''
 
*******Northwest
 
********A
 
*********Bafia (A 50)
 
**********'''[[Portal:Ksf|Bafia]]'''
 
********C
 
*********Bangi-Ntomba (C.40)
 
**********Lusengo
 
***********'''[[Portal:Ln|Lingala]]'''
 
****Defoid
 
*****Yoruboid
 
******Edekiri
 
*******'''[[Portal:Yo|Yoruba]]'''
 
****Igboid
 
*****Igbo
 
******'''[[Portal:Ig|Igbo]]'''
 
***Kwa
 
****Left Bank
 
*****Gbe
 
******'''[[Portal:Ee|Ewe]]'''
 
****Nyo
 
*****Potou-Tano
 
******Tano
 
*******Central
 
********Akan
 
*********'''[[Portal:Ak|Akan]]'''
 
***North
 
****Gur
 
*****Central
 
******Northern
 
*******Oti-Volta
 
********Western
 
*********Northwest
 
**********'''[[Portal:Gur|Gurene]]'''
 
*Mande
 
**Western
 
***Central-Southwestern
 
****Central
 
*****Manding-Jogo
 
******Manding-Vai
 
*******Manding-Mokole
 
********Manding
 
*********Manding-East
 
**********Northeastern Manding
 
***********Bamana
 
************'''[[Portal:Bm|Bambara]]'''
 
  
=== Nilo-Saharan languages ===
+
; <span id="Egyptian">''Egyptian languages:''</span>
*Songhai
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Southern
+
* Egyptian (Ancient) (†)
***'''[[Portal:Ses|Koyraboro Senni]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Cop|Coptic]]''' [cop]
 +
** ''Upper Egypt Coptic dialects''
 +
*** ''Sahidic (or Thebaic)''
 +
*** ''Akhmimic''
 +
*** ''Lycopolitan (or Subakhmimic, Assiutic)''
 +
** ''Lower Egypt Coptic dialects''
 +
*** ''Bohairic (or Memphitic)''
 +
*** ''Fayyumic (or Faiyumic, Bashmuric)''
 +
*** ''Oxyrhynchite (or Mesokemic, or Middle Egyptian)''
 +
}}
  
=== North Caucasian languages ===
+
; <span id="Semitic">''[[:Category:Semitic languages|Semitic languages]]:''</span>
*East Caucasian
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Avar-Andic
+
* Amorite (†) [?]
***[[Portal:av|Avar]]
+
* ''East Semitic languages'' (†)
**Lezgic
+
** Akkadian (†) [akk]
***Nuclear Lezgic
+
** Eblaite (†) [xeb]
****East Lezgic
+
* ''West Semitic languages''
*****'''[[Portal:Lez|Lezghian]]'''
+
** ''Ethiosemitic languages''
****West Lezgic
+
*** Geez [gez]
*****'''[[Portal:Tkr|Tsakhur]]'''
+
*** ''North Ethiopic (or Tigre-Tiginya) languages'' <small>([[#North-Ethiopic|see below]])</small>
**Nakh
+
*** ''South Ethiopic languages'' <small>([[#South-Ethiopic|see below]])</small>
***Chechen-Ingush
+
** ''Modern South Arabian languages'' <small>([[#Modern-South-Arabian|see below]])</small>
****'''[[Portal:Ce|Chechen]]'''
+
** ''Central Semitic languages''
****'''[[Portal:Inh|Ingush]]'''
+
*** ''Sayhadic languages'' <small>([[#Sayhadic|see below]])</small>
*West Caucasian
+
*** ''Arabian languages'' <small>([[#Arabian|see below]])</small>
**Abkhaz-Abazin
+
*** ''Northwest Semitic languages''
***'''[[Portal:Ab|Abkhazian]]'''
+
**** Ugaritic (†) [uga]
**Circassian
+
**** ''Aramaic languages'' <small>([[#Aramaic|see below]])</small>
***'''[[Portal:Ady|Adyghe]]'''<!--not in supported languages special page because Ady is disabled in favour of the variant Ady-cyrl, which is active-->
+
**** ''Canaanite languages'' <small>([[#Canaanite|see below]])</small>
***'''[[Portal:Kbd|Kabardian]]'''
+
}}
  
=== Paezan ===
+
<div id="North-Ethiopic">▸ '''''North Ethiopic (or Tigre-Tiginya) languages:'''''</div>
*Paezan
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Pbb|Páez]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ti|Tigrinya]]''' [ti]
 +
* ''Tigre-Dahalik languages''
 +
** Dahalik [dlk]
 +
** Tigre [tig]
 +
*** ''Central Tigre''
 +
**** ''Bet-Guk''
 +
**** ''Mansa’<!--trailing apos-->''
 +
*** ''South-Eastern Tigre''
 +
**** ''Gendaˁ''
 +
**** ''Mashalit''
 +
**** ''Massawa''
 +
**** ''Zula''
 +
*** ''North-Western Tigre''
 +
**** ''ˁAd-Tekles''
 +
**** ''<!--leading apos-->’Algaden''
 +
**** ''Beni-ˁAmer Tigre''
 +
**** ''Habab Tigre''
 +
**** ''Marya Qayah''
 +
**** ''Marya Sallam''
 +
}}
  
=== Quechua ===
+
<div id="South-Ethiopic">▸ '''''South Ethiopic languages:'''''</div>
*'''[[Portal:Qu|Quechua]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Quechua II
+
* ''Transversal South Ethiopian languages''
***B
+
** ''Amharic-Argobba languages''
****'''[[Portal:Qug|Runa Shimi]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Am|Amharic]]''' [am]
 +
*** Argobba [agj]
 +
** ''Harari-East Gurage languages''
 +
*** Harari [har]
 +
*** Zay (or Zway) [zwa]
 +
*** Silte-Wolane languages''
 +
**** Silt’e [stv]
 +
**** Wolane (or Welene) [wle]
 +
* ''Outer South Ethiopic languages''
 +
** ''N-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages''
 +
*** Gafat (†) [gft]
 +
*** Kistane (or Gurage) [gru]
 +
**** ''Dobi''
 +
**** ''Soddo''
 +
** ''TT-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages''
 +
*** Mesqan [mvz]
 +
*** ''Inoric languages''
 +
**** Mesmes (†) [mys]
 +
**** Inor [ior]
 +
***** ''Enegegny''
 +
***** ''Gyeto''
 +
*** Sebat Bet Gurage [sgw]
 +
**** ''Chaha''
 +
**** ''Ezha''
 +
**** ''Gumer''
 +
**** ''Gura (Semitic)''
 +
**** ''Gyeto (Sebat Bet Gurage)''
 +
}}
  
=== Sino-Tibetan languages ===
+
<div id="Modern-South-Arabian">▸ '''''Modern South Arabian languages:'''''</div>
*'''[[Portal:Zh|Chinese]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Yue|Cantonese]]'''
+
* ''Hobyot-Western Modern South Arabian languages''
**'''[[Portal:Gan|Gan]]'''
+
** Hobyót [hoh]
**'''[[Portal:Hak|Hakka]]'''
+
** ''Western Modern South Arabian languages''
**'''[[Portal:Lzh|Literary Chinese]]'''
+
*** Bathari [bhm]
**'''[[Portal:Nan|Min Nan Chinese]]'''
+
*** Harsusi [hss]
**'''[[Portal:Wuu|Wuu]]'''
+
*** Mehri [gdq]
**'''[[Portal:Hsn|Xiang Chinese]]'''
+
**** ''Eastern Mehri''
 +
**** ''Nagdi''
 +
**** ''Western Mehri''
 +
* ''Eastern Modern South Arabian languages''
 +
** Jibbali (or Shehri) [shv]
 +
*** ''Central Jibbali''
 +
*** ''Kuria Muria''
 +
*** ''Western Jibbali''
 +
** Soqotri [sqt]
 +
*** ''<!--leading apos-->’Abd Al-Kuri''
 +
*** ''Central Soqotri''
 +
*** ''Southern Soqotri''
 +
*** ''Western Soqotri''
 +
*** ''Northern Soqotri''
 +
**** ''North Central Soqotri''
 +
**** ''Northwest Central Soqotri''
 +
}}
  
*Tibeto-Burman
+
<div id="Sayhadic">▸ '''''Sayhadic languages:'''''</div>
**Himalayish
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
***Mahakiranti
+
* Hadrami (†) [xhd]
****Newari
+
* Jabal Razih [rzh]
*****'''[[Portal:New|Newari]]'''
+
* Minaean (†) [inm]
***Tibeto-Kanauri
+
* Qatabanian (†) [xbt]
****Tibetic
+
* Sabaic (†) [xsa]
*****Tibetan
+
}}
******Central
 
*******'''[[Portal:Bo|Tibetan]]'''
 
******Southern
 
*******'''[[Portal:Dz|Dzongkha]]'''
 
**Kuki-Chin-Naga
 
***Kuki-Chin
 
****Central
 
*****'''[[Portal:Lus|Mizo ṭawng]]'''
 
***Naga
 
****Ao
 
*****'''[[Portal:Njo|Ao]]'''
 
**Lolo-Burmese
 
***Burmish
 
****Southern
 
*****'''[[Portal:My|Burmese]]'''
 
  
=== Siouan-Catawban Languages ===
+
<div id="Arabian">▸ '''''Arabian languages:'''''</div>
*Siouan
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Mississippi Valley-Ohio Valley Siouan
+
* Ancient North Arabian (†) [xna]
***Mississippi Valley Siouan
+
** ''Dadanitic''
****Dakota
+
** ''Dumaitic''
*****'''[[Portal:Lkt|Lakota]]'''
+
** ''Hasaitic''
 +
** ''Hismaic''
 +
** ''Safaitic''
 +
** ''Taymanitic''
 +
* ''Arabic languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Ar|Standard Arabic]]''' [ar]
 +
** ''Arabian Peninsula Arabic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Abv|Baharna Arabic]]''' [abv] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Adf|Dhofari Arabic]]''' [adf] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ayh|Hadrami Arabic]]''' [ayh] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Acx|Omani Arabic]]''' [acx] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ayn|Sanaani Arabic]]''' [ayn] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Abv|Shihhi Arabic]]''' [ssh] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Acq|Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic]]''' [acq] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Adeni''
 +
**** ''Ta'izzi''
 +
*** Judeo-Yemeni Arabic [jye]
 +
**** ''<!--leading apos-->’Aden''
 +
**** ''Beda''
 +
**** ''Habban''
 +
**** ''San’a''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Acw|Hijazi Arabic]]''' [acw] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Coastal Tihaamah''
 +
**** ''North Hijazi''
 +
**** ''South Hijazi''
 +
**** ''Valley Tihaamah''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Afb|Gulf Arabic]]''' [afb] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Al-Hasâ''
 +
**** ''Al-Hasaa''
 +
**** ''Bahraini Gulf Arabic''
 +
**** ''Khamseh''
 +
**** ''Kuwaiti Hadari Arabic''
 +
**** ''North Qatari Arabic''
 +
**** ''South Qatari Arabic''
 +
**** ''Zubair-Faau Arabic''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ars|Najdi Arabic]]''' [ars] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''North Najdi''
 +
**** ''Qasim-Dhafir''
 +
**** ''Central Najdi''
 +
***** ''Anizah of the Syrian desert''
 +
***** ''Arid-Washm-Sudair''
 +
***** ''Central Bedouin Najdi''
 +
**** ''South Najdi''
 +
***** ''al-Murrah-Ajman''
 +
***** ''Najran-Ghatan''
 +
** ''Eastern Arabic languages''
 +
*** Khorasan Arabic [?]
 +
*** ''Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Arabic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Abh|Tajiki Arabic]]''' [abh] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Balkh Arabic''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Auz|Uzbeki Arabic]]''' [auz] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Buxara Arabic''
 +
***** ''Qashqa-Darya Arabic''
 +
*** ''Mesopotamian Arabic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Acm|Gilit Mesopotamian Arabic]]''' [acm] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Anatolian Cluster''
 +
***** ''Euphrates Cluster''
 +
***** ''Tigris Cluster''
 +
**** ''Qeltu Mesopotamian languages''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Ayp|North Mesopotamian Arabic]]''' [ayp] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** Judeo-Iraqi Arabic [yhd]
 +
** ''Levantine Arabic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Acy|Cypriot Maronite Arabic]]''' [acy] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Apc|North Levantine Arabic]]''' [apc] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Aleppo''
 +
**** ''Beqaa Arabic''
 +
**** ''Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic''
 +
**** ''Jdaideh Arabic''
 +
**** ''North-Central Lebanese Arabic''
 +
**** ''North Lebanese Arabic''
 +
**** ''Saida Sunni Arabic''
 +
**** ''South-Central Lebanese Arabic''
 +
**** ''South Lebanese Arabic''
 +
**** ''Standard Lebanese Arabic''
 +
**** ''Sunni Beiruti Arabic''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ajp|South Levantine Arabic]]''' [ajp] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Fellahi''
 +
**** ''Madani''
 +
** ''Egyptic Arabic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Avl|Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic]]''' [avl] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic''
 +
**** ''North Levantine Bedawi Arabic''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic''
 +
**** ''South Levantine Bedawi Arabic''
 +
*** ''Egypto-Sudanic Arabic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Arz|Egyptian Arabic]]''' [arz]
 +
***** ''Cairene Arabic''
 +
***** ''North Delta Arabic''
 +
***** ''South Central Delta Arabic''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Aec|Saidi Arabic]]''' [aec] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Middle Egypt Arabic''
 +
***** ''Upper Egypt Arabic''
 +
**** ''Sudanese-Chadian Arabic languages''
 +
***** Nubi [kcn]
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Pga|Sudanese Creole Arabic]]''' [pga] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Shu|Chadian Arabic]]''' [shu] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
****** ''Batha''
 +
****** ''Chari-Baguirmi''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Abv|Sudanese Arabic]]''' [apd] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
****** ''Ja’ali''
 +
****** ''Khartoum''
 +
****** ''North Kordofan Arabic''
 +
****** ''Shukri''
 +
****** ''Western Sudanese''
 +
** ''North African Arabic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Mt|Maltese]]''' [mt]
 +
**** ''Gozo''
 +
**** ''Port Maltese''
 +
**** ''Rural Central Maltese''
 +
**** ''Rural East Maltese''
 +
**** ''Rural West Maltese''
 +
**** ''Standard Maltese''
 +
**** ''Zurrieq''
 +
*** Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic [yud]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ayl|Libyan Arabic]]''' [ayl] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Eastern Libyan Arabic''
 +
**** ''Southern Libyan Arabic''
 +
**** ''Tripolitanian Arabic''
 +
**** ''Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic''
 +
*** Judeo-Tunisian Arabic [ajt]
 +
**** ''Tunis''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Aeb|Tunisian Arabic]]''' [aeb]
 +
**** ''North-Western Tunisian''
 +
**** ''Sahil''
 +
**** ''Sfax''
 +
**** ''South-Eastern Tunisian''
 +
**** ''South-Western Tunisian''
 +
**** ''Tunis (Tunisian Arabic)''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Aao|Algerian Saharan Arabic]]''' [aao] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Arq|Algerian Arabic]]''' [arq]
 +
**** ''Algiers''
 +
**** ''Constantine''
 +
**** ''Oran''
 +
*** Judeo-Moroccan Arabic [aju]
 +
*** ''Moroccan-Andalusian Arabic languages''
 +
**** Andalusian Arabic (†) [xaa]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Ary|Moroccan Arabic]]''' [ary]
 +
***** ''Fez. Meknes''
 +
***** ''Jebli''
 +
***** ''Marrakech''
 +
***** ''Oujda''
 +
***** ''Rabat-Casablanca Arabic''
 +
***** ''Southern Morocco Arabic''
 +
***** ''Tangier''
 +
*** Hassaniyya [mey]
 +
}}
  
=== Tacanan languages ===
+
<div id="Aramaic">▸ '''''Aramaic languages:'''''</div>
*Araona-Tacana
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Araona
+
* Old Aramaic (up to 700 BCE) (†) [oar]
***'''[[Portal:Aro|Araona]]
+
* '''[[Portal:Arc|Imperial Aramaic (or Official Aramaic) (700-300 BCE)]]''' (†) [arc]
 +
* Western Aramaic languages''
 +
** Palestinian Jewish Aramaic (†) [jpa]
 +
** Samaritan Aramaic (†) [sam]
 +
** Western Neo-Aramaic [amw]
 +
*** ''Bakh’a''
 +
*** ''Jub-’adin''
 +
*** ''Maaloula''
 +
* ''Eastern Aramaic languages''
 +
** Classical Syriac (†) [syc]
 +
*** ''Eastern Syriac''
 +
*** ''Western Syriac''
 +
** ''Macro-Mandaic languages''
 +
*** Classical Mandaic (†) [myz]
 +
*** Mandaic [mid]
 +
**** ''Ahwaz''
 +
**** ''Iraqi Neo-Mandaic''
 +
**** ''Shushtar''
 +
** ''Central Eastern Aramaic languages''
 +
*** ''North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages'' <small>([[#North-Eastern-Neo-Aramaic|see below]])</small>
 +
*** ''Bohtan languages''
 +
**** Gardabani Bohtan Neo-Aramaic [bhn]
 +
**** Hertevin [hrt]
 +
***** ''Hértevin Proper''
 +
***** ''Jinet''
 +
***** ''Umraya''
 +
*** ''Turoyo-Mlahso languages''
 +
**** Mlahsô (†) [lhs]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Tru|Turoyo]]''' [tru]
 +
***** ''Anhil''
 +
***** ''Iwardo''
 +
***** ''Kfarze''
 +
***** ''Midin''
 +
***** ''Midyat''
 +
***** ''Raite''
 +
}}
  
=== Tai-Kadai languages ===
+
<div id="North-Eastern-Neo-Aramaic">▸ '''''North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages:'''''</div>
*Kam-Tai
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Be-Tai
+
* Jewish Babylonian Aramaic (ca. 200-1200 CE) (†) [tmr]
***Tai-Sek
+
* ''Northwestern Jewish Neo-Aramaic languages''
****Tai
+
** Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic [bjf]
*****Northern
+
*** ''Barzan''
******'''[[Portal:Za|Zhuang]]'''
+
*** ''Bijil''
*****Southwestern
+
*** ''Sandu''
******East Central
+
*** ''Shahe''
*******Chiang Saeng
+
** Lishana Deni [lsd]
********'''[[Portal:Th|Thai]]'''
+
*** ''Amadiya''
******Lao-Phutai
+
*** ''Atrush''
*******'''[[Portal:Lo|Lao]]'''
+
*** ''Barashe''
******Northwest
+
*** ''Bétanure''
*******'''[[Portal:Shn|Shan]]'''
+
*** ''Dohuk''
 +
*** ''Nerwa''
 +
*** ''Shukho''
 +
*** ''Zakho (Lishana Deni)''
 +
* '''[[Portal:Syr|Neo-Syriac (or Sooreth, Suret, Soorath, Soorith, Suras, Sureth)]]''' macrolanguage [syr] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** Chaldean Neo-Aramaic [cld]
 +
*** ''Alqosh''
 +
*** ''Bartille''
 +
*** ''Dihok''
 +
*** ''Mangesh''
 +
*** ''Shirnak-Chizre''
 +
*** ''Tel Kepe''
 +
*** ''Tisqopa''
 +
** Assyrian Neo-Aramaic [aii]
 +
*** ''Iranian Koine''
 +
*** ''Urmian group''
 +
**** ''Sipurghan''
 +
**** ''Solduz''
 +
**** ''Urmi''
 +
*** ''Central Group''
 +
**** ''Anhar''
 +
**** ''Mar Bishu''
 +
**** ''Nochiya''
 +
**** ''Tergawar''
 +
*** ''Western Group''
 +
**** ''Lewin''
 +
**** ''Lower Barwari''
 +
**** ''Tal (Aramaic)''
 +
**** ''Tkhuma''
 +
*** ''Sapna cluster''
 +
**** ''Aradhin''
 +
**** ''Benatha''
 +
**** ''Daudiya''
 +
**** ''Inishke''
 +
**** ''Tina''
 +
*** ''Northern Group''
 +
**** ''Baz''
 +
**** ''Dez''
 +
**** ''Gavar (Aramaic)''
 +
**** ''Jilu''
 +
**** ''Qudshanis''
 +
**** ''Salamas''
 +
**** ''Upper Barwari''
 +
**** ''Van (Aramaic)''
 +
* ''Trans-Zab languages''
 +
** ''South-Eastern Trans-Zab languages''
 +
*** Senaya [syn]
 +
*** Hulaulá [huy]
 +
**** ''Kerend''
 +
**** ''Sanandaj''
 +
**** ''Saqiz''
 +
**** ''Suleimaniya''
 +
** Lishán Didán [trg]
 +
*** ''Northern Cluster Lishán Didán''
 +
**** ''Anatolia''
 +
**** ''Salmas''
 +
*** ''Southern Cluster Lishán Didán''
 +
**** ''Mahabad''
 +
**** ''Naghada''
 +
**** ''Ushno''
 +
** ''Western Trans-Zab languages''
 +
*** Koy Sanjaq Surat [kqd]
 +
*** Lishanid Noshan [aij]
 +
**** ''Ranye''
 +
**** ''Shaqlawa''
 +
**** ''Western cluster''
 +
***** ''Arbel''
 +
***** ''Dobe''
 +
**** ''Eastern cluster''
 +
***** ''Northeastern varieties''
 +
****** ''Rustaqa''
 +
****** ''Rwanduz''
 +
***** ''Southeastern varieties''
 +
****** ''Koy Sanjaq''
 +
****** ''Qaladze''
 +
}}
  
=== Tupian languages ===
+
<div id="Canaanite">▸ '''''Canaanite languages:'''''</div>
*Tupí-Guaraní
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Guaraní (I)
+
* ''Phoenician-Punic languages (†)''
***'''[[Portal:Gn|Guaraní]]'''
+
** Phoenician () [phn]
**Sub-group III
+
** Punic (†) [xpu]
***'''[[Portal:Yrl|Nhengatu]]'''
+
*** ''Neo-Punic
 +
* ''Hebrewic languages''
 +
** Samaritan (†) [smp]
 +
** Ancient Hebrew (†) [hbo]
 +
*** ''Biblic Hebrew''
 +
*** ''Mishnaic Hebrew (or Early Rabbinic Hebrew) ''
 +
*** ''Tiberian Hebrew (or Medieval Rabbinic Hebrew)''
 +
** '''[[Portal:He|Modern Hebrew]]''' [he]
 +
*** ''Standard Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Ashkenazic Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Europeanized Hebrew''
 +
*** ''Oriental Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Arabized Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Mizrahi Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Sephardi Hebrew''
 +
**** ''Yemenite Hebrew''
 +
}}
  
=== Uralic languages ===
+
; <span id="South-Omotic">''[[:Category:South Omotic languages|South Omotic (or Aroic) languages]]:''</span>
*Finnic
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**'''[[Portal:Et|Estonian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Dim|Dime (or Dim-af, Dim-ap, Dima)]]''' [dim] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
***'''[[Portal:Vro|Võro]]'''
+
* ''AHK (or Aari-Hamer-Karo) languages''
**'''[[Portal:Fi|Finnish]]'''
+
** ''Aari-Gayil (or Bako, Boko) languages''
**'''[[Portal:Izh|Ingrian]]'''
+
*** Aari (or Aarai, Aari, Ari, Ara, Aro) [aiw]
**'''[[Portal:Krl|Karelian]]'''
+
*** Gayil (or Ari-Galila) [gyl]
**'''[[Portal:Liv|Liv]]'''
+
** ''Hamer-Karo (or Hamer-Bana-Kara) languages''
**'''[[Portal:Fit|Tornedalen Finnish]]'''
+
*** Hamer-Banna (or Amar, Bana, Hamar-Koke) [amf]
**'''[[Portal:Vep|Veps]]'''
+
*** Karo (Ethiopia) (or Kara, Kere, Kerre, Cherre) [kxh]
**'''[[Portal:Vot|Votic]]'''
+
}}
*Finno-Ugric
 
**Ugric
 
***'''[[Portal:Hu|Hungarian]]'''
 
*Mari
 
**'''[[Portal:Mhr|Eastern Mari]]'''
 
**'''[[Portal:Mrj|Hill Mari]]'''
 
*Mordvin
 
**'''[[Portal:Myv|Erzya]]'''
 
**'''[[Portal:Mdf|Moksha]]'''
 
*Permian
 
**'''[[Portal:Kv|Komi]]'''
 
***'''[[Portal:Koi|Komi-Permyak]]'''
 
**'''[[Portal:Udm|Udmurt]]'''
 
*Sami
 
**Western
 
***Northern
 
****'''[[Portal:Se|Northern Sami]]'''
 
***Southern
 
****'''[[Portal:Sma|Southern Sami]]'''
 
  
=== Uto-Aztecan ===
+
; <span id="Dizoid">''[[:Category:Dizoid languages|Dizoid languages]]:''</span>
*Southern Uto-Aztecan
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Aztecan
+
* Dizin (or Dizi, Dizi-Maji, Dizu, Sizi, Maji, Twoyu) [mdx]
***General Aztec
+
* Nayi (or Naya, Na’o, Nao) [noz]
****'''[[Portal:Nah|Nahuatl]]'''
+
* Sheko (or Shekko, Shekka, Shakko, Shako, Tschako, Shak) [she]
 +
** ''Bulla''
 +
** ''Dorsha''
 +
}}
  
== Creole languages ==
+
; <span id="Ta-Ne-Omotic">''[[:Category:Ta-Ne-Omotic languages|Ta-Ne-Omotic languages]]:''</span>
*English based
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
**Atlantic
+
* Bench (or Benc’, Bencho, Bensho, Dizu, Ghimarra, Gimarra, Gimira, Kaba) [bcq]
***Krio
+
** ''Mer (Bench)''
****'''[[Portal:Kri|Krio]]'''
+
** ''Nuclear Bench''
***Suriname
+
** ''She (Ethiopia)''
****'''[[Portal:Srn|Sranan]]'''
+
* Yemsa (or Yem, Yemma, Janjero, Janjor, Janjerinya, Yangaro, Zinjero) [jnj]
***Western
+
** ''Fuga of Jimma''
****'''[[Portal:Jam|Jamaican Creole English]]'''
+
** ''Toba (Ethiopia)''
**Pacific
+
* ''Kefoid languages''
***'''[[Portal:Bi|Bislama]]'''
+
** Anfillo (or Mao, South Mao, Southern Mao) [myo]
***'''[[Portal:Tpi|Tok Pisin]]'''
+
** Boro (Ethiopia) (or Boró, Bworo, Scinacia, Shinasha, Shinassha) [bwo]
*French based
+
*** ''Amuru''
**'''[[Portal:Ht|Haitian Creole]]'''
+
*** ''Gamila''
**'''[[Portal:Mfe|Morisyen]]'''
+
*** ''Guba (Ethiopia)''
**'''[[Portal:Rcf|Reunion Creole French]]'''
+
*** ''Wembera''
*Iberian based
+
** ''South Gonga languages''
**'''[[Portal:Pap|Papiamentu]]'''
+
*** Shekkacho (or Shakacho, Shekka, Moca, Mocha) [moy]
*Malay based
+
*** Kafa (or Kaffa, Kafficho, Kaficho, Kefa, Kefa-Mocha, Keffa, Caffino, Garo, Manjo) [kbr]
**'''[[Portal:Abs|Ambonese Malay]]'''
+
**** ''Bosha''
*Ngbandi based
+
**** ''Nuclear Kafa''
**'''[[Portal:sg|Sango]]'''
+
* ''Ometo  languages''
*Portuguese based
+
** Chara (or C’ara, Ciara) [cra]
**'''[[Portal:Kea|Kabuverdianu]]'''
+
** ''East Ometo languages''
*Spanish based
+
*** Koorete (or Koore, Koré, Koyra, Kwera, Badditu, Badittu, Baditu, Amaarro, Amarro, Gidiccho, Nuna) [kqy]
**Chavacano
+
*** Kachama-Ganjule-Haro (or Kachama-Ganjule, Gatame, Gats’ame, Gats’amé, Gatsame, Get’eme, Gidicho, Qechem, Haruro) [kcx]
***'''[[Portal:Cbk-zam|Chavacano de Zamboanga]]'''
+
**** ''Ganjule (or Ganjulé, Ganjawle)''
 +
**** ''Ganta''
 +
**** ''Kachama''
 +
*** Zayse-Zergulla (or Zaysé-Zergulla) [zay]
 +
**** ''Zayse (or Zaysé, Zaysse, Zeyse)''
 +
**** ''Zergulla''
 +
** ''North-West Ometo languages''
 +
*** Basketo (or Basketto, Baskatta, Mesketo) [bst]
 +
*** Male (Ethiopia) (or Malé, Maale, Maalé) [mdy]
 +
*** ''Central Ometo languages''
 +
*** Dorze (or Dorzé, Geresé) [doz]
 +
*** Melo (or Mello, Malo) [mfx]
 +
*** Oyda (or Oida) [oyd]
 +
*** Wolaytta (or Wolayta, Wolaita, Wolaitta, Wolataita, Wolamo, Uollamo, Walamo, Wallamo, Welaitta, Welamo, Wellamo, Wollamo, Ualamo, Borodda, Gemu, Gofa, Ometo, Uba) [wal]
 +
**** ''Zala''
 +
*** ''Dawro-Gofa-Gamo languages''
 +
**** Dawro (or Konta, Kullo) [dwr]
 +
**** Gamo (or Gemu, Gereze, Dache) [gmv]
 +
**** Gofa [gof]
 +
}}
  
== Isolated languages ==
+
== <span id="Algic">[[:Category:Algic languages|Algic languages]]</span> ==
*'''[[Portal:Eu|Basque]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
*'''[[Portal:Sei|Cmique Itom]]'''
+
* Wiyot (†) [wiy]
*'''[[Portal:Ko|Korean]]'''
+
* Yurok (†) [yur]
 +
* ''Algonquian languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Chy|Cheyenne]]''' [chy]
 +
** Menominee [mez]
 +
** ''Arapahoic languages''
 +
*** Nawathinehena [nwa]
 +
*** ''Arapaho-Gros Ventre-Besawunena languages''
 +
**** Arapaho [arp]
 +
**** Atsina (or Gros Ventre) (†) [ats]
 +
** ''Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages'' <small>([[#Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Eastern Algonquian languages'' <small>([[#Eastern-Algonquian|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages'' <small>([[#Eastern-Great-Lakes-Algonquian|see below]])</small>
 +
** Siksika (or Blackfoot)] [bla]
 +
*** ''Blood''
 +
*** ''Piegan''
 +
}}
  
== Deaf sign languages ==
+
; <span id="Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi">''Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages:''</span>
*'''[[Portal:Ase|American sign language]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Moe|Atikamekw (or Attikamekw, Atihkamekw, Attikamek, Atikamek, Attimewk, Tête de Boule]]''' [atj] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
* '''[[Portal:Cr|Cree]]''' [cr] macrolanguage
 +
** '''[[Portal:Crm|Moose Cree (or Clisteno Moose, Eastern Swampy Cree, West Main Cree, West Shore Cree, York Cree)]]''' [crm] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** '''[[Portal:Crl|Northern East Cree (or Northern Eastern James Bay Cree, Northern James Bay Cree, Northeastern Clisteno)]]''' [crl] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** '''[[Portal:Crj|Southern East Cree (or Southern Eastern James Bay Cree, Southern James Bay Cree, Southeastern Clisteno)]]''' [crj] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** '''[[Portal:Cwd|Woods Cree (or Clisteno del Bosque)]]''' [cwd] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** '''[[Portal:Crk|Plains Cree (or Western Cree, Clisteno de las Llanuras)]]''' [crk] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** ''Northern Alberta Cree''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Plains Cree''
 +
*** ''Western York Cree''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Csw|Swampy Cree]]''' [csw] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** ''Eastern Swampy Cree''
 +
*** ''Western Swampy Cree''
 +
* '''[[Portal:Moe|Montagnais (or Innu, Innu Aimun, Innu-Aimun, Iyuw Imuun)]]''' [moe] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** ''Eastern Montagnais''
 +
** ''Western Montagnais''
 +
* Naskapi (or Naskapí, Naskapee, Mushuaau Innu) [nsk]
 +
** ''Eastern Naskapi''
 +
** ''Western Naskapi''
 +
}}
  
== Artificial languages ==
+
; <span id="Eastern-Algonquian">''Eastern Algonquian languages:''</span>
*'''[[Portal:Eo|Esperanto]]'''
+
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
*'''[[Portal:Ia|Interlingua]]'''
+
* Carolina Algonquian (†) [crr]
*'''[[Portal:Ie|Interlingue]]'''
+
* Powhatan (or Virginia Algonquianealg, Virginia Algonquian, Virginia Algonquin, Virginia Algonkian) (†) [pim]
*'''[[Portal:Io|Ido]]'''
+
* Western Abenaki (or Western Abenaqui, Western Abnaki, St Francis Abenaqui, St. Francis Abenaqui) [abe]
*'''[[Portal:Avk|Kotava]]'''
+
* ''Delawaran languages''
*'''[[Portal:Lfn|Lingua Franca Nova]]'''
+
** Mahican (or Mohican, Mohegan) (†) [mjy]
*'''[[Portal:Jbo|Lojban]]'''
+
** Delaware (or Common Delaware) [del] macrolanguage
*'''[[Portal:Nov|Novial]]'''
+
*** Munsee (or Munsee (Canada), Munsee Delaware) [umu]
*'''[[Portal:Vo|Volapük]]'''
+
*** Unami (or Unamí, Unami Delaware, Lenni-Lenape, Lenape, Tla Wilano) (†) [unm]
 +
* Eastern Abenaki (or Eastern Abnaki, Eastern Abenaqui) (†) [aaq]
 +
** ''Penobscot''
 +
* Malecite-Passamaquoddy (or Malecite Cluster, Pennacook) [pqm]
 +
** ''Malecite (or Maliseet)''
 +
** ''Passamaquoddy''
 +
* '''[[Portal:Mic|Micmac (or Mi’kmaq, Mi’kmag, Mi’kmaw, Mi’gmaq, Mi’gmaw, Miigmao, Restigouche)]]''' [mic]
 +
** ''Northern Micmac''
 +
** ''Southern Micmac''
 +
* ''Nanticoke-Conoy (or Nanticoke-Piscataway) languages (†) ''
 +
** Nanticoke (or Nanticoke-Conoy) (†) [nnt]
 +
** Piscataway (†) [psy]
 +
* ''Southern New England Algonquian languages (†)''
 +
** Loup A (or Nipmuc, Nipmuck)  (†) [xlo]
 +
** Wampano (†) [qyp]
 +
** Wampanoag (or Wamponoag, Wôpanâak, Massachusetts, Massachusett, Massachusett-Narragansett, Natick) (†) [wam]
 +
** Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett (†) [mof]
 +
*** ''Montauk''
 +
*** ''Narrangansett''
 +
*** ''Pequot-Mohegan''
 +
*** ''Stockbridge''
 +
}}
  
[[Category:Languages| {{PAGENAME}}]]
+
; <span id="Eastern-Great-Lakes-Algonquian">''Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Shawnee [sjw]
 +
* Miami (†) [mia]
 +
** ''Nuclear Miami''
 +
** ''Peoria''
 +
* ''Fox languages''
 +
** Kickapoo [kic]
 +
** Meskwaki [sac]
 +
*** ''Meskwakie''
 +
*** ''Sac''
 +
* ''Ojibwa-Potawatomi languages''
 +
** Potawatomi [pot]
 +
** ''Ojibwa languages''
 +
*** Ottawa (or Daawaamwin) [otw]
 +
*** ''Severn-Algonquin languages''
 +
**** Algonquin [alq]
 +
***** ''Nipissing''
 +
***** ''Northern Algonquin''
 +
**** Severn Ojibwa (or Severn Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ojicree, Oyi-clisteno) [ojs]
 +
***** ''Deer Lake Severn Ojibwa''
 +
***** ''Big Trout Lake Severn Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Severn River Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Winisk River Ojibwa''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Ojibwe languages''
 +
**** ''Central-Eastern-Southwestern Ojibwa languages''
 +
***** Central Ojibwa [ojc]
 +
***** Eastern Ojibwa (or Eastern Oyibua, Mississauga, Jibwemwin)  [ojg]
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Ciw|Chippewa (or Chippeway, Ojibwemowin, Anishinabe, Southwestern Ojibwa)]]''' [ciw]
 +
****** ''Central Minnesota Chippewa''
 +
****** ''Minnesota Border Chippewa''
 +
****** ''Red Lake Chippewa''
 +
****** ''Turtle Mountain Chippewa''
 +
****** ''Upper Michigan-Wisconsin Chippewa''
 +
**** ''Northwestern-Saulteaux Ojibwa languages''
 +
***** Western Ojibwa (or Nakawemowin, Plains Ojibway) [ojw]
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Ojb|Northwestern Ojibwa]]''' [ojb] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
****** ''Albany River Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Berens River Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Lac Seul Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Lake of the Woods Ojibwa''
 +
****** ''Rainy River Ojibwa''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Altaic">[[:Category:Altaic languages|Altaic languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''[[:Category:Mongolic languages|Mongolic languages]]'' <small>([[#Mongolic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Tungusic languages|Tungusic languages]]'' <small>([[#Tungusic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Turkic languages|Turkic languages]]'' <small>([[#Turkic|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Mongolic">''[[:Category:Mongolic languages|Mongolic languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Kitan [vzt]
 +
* Middle Mongol (†) [xng]
 +
* Mogholi (or Mogul) (†) [mhj]
 +
** ''Karez-I-Mulla''
 +
** ''Kundur (or Marda of Kundar)''
 +
* Dagur (or Tahuerh) [dta]
 +
** ''Buteha (or Bataxan)''
 +
** ''Haila’er Dagur''
 +
** ''Qiqiha’er (or Tsitsikhar)''
 +
* Eastern Mongolic languages'' <small>([[#Eastern-Mongolic|see below]])</small>
 +
* Southern Periphery Mongolic languages'' <small>([[#Southern-Periphery-Mongolic|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Eastern-Mongolic">▸ '''''Eastern Mongolic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Khamnigan Mongol [?]
 +
* ''Oirat-Khalkha languages''
 +
** ''Khalkha-Buriat languages''
 +
*** Buriat (or Buryat) macrolanguage [bua]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Bxu|China Buriat (or Northeastern Buryat, Eastern Mongolian)]]''' [bxu] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Aga (China)''
 +
***** ''Buliyate''
 +
***** ''Khori (China)''
 +
***** ''Bargu''
 +
****** ''New Bargu (or Xin Ba’erhu)''
 +
****** ''Old Bargu (Chen Ba’erhu)'',
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Bxm|Mongolia Buriat (or Eastern Buryat, Transbaikalian Buriat, Northern Mongolian)]]''' [bxm] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Aga (Mongolia)''
 +
***** ''Barga''
 +
***** ''Khori (Mongolia)''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Bxr|Russia Buriat (or Western Buryat)]]''' [bxr]
 +
***** ''Alar''
 +
***** ''Barguzin''
 +
***** ''Bohaan''
 +
***** ''Bokhan''
 +
***** ''Khori (Russia)''
 +
***** ''Ninzne-Udinsk''
 +
***** ''Oka''
 +
***** ''Selengin''
 +
***** ''Tunka''
 +
***** ''Unga''
 +
***** ''Ekhirit-Bulagat''
 +
****** ''Bulagat''
 +
****** ''Ekhirit''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Mn|Mongolian]]''' macrolanguage [mn]
 +
**** Halh Mongolian (or Central Mongolian, Standard Mongolian) [khk]
 +
***** ''Dariganga''
 +
***** ''Halh''
 +
***** ''Khotogoit''
 +
***** ''Sartul''
 +
***** ''Tsongol''
 +
**** Peripheral Mongolian (or Southern-Eastern Mongolian) [mvf]
 +
***** ''Chahar''
 +
***** ''Ejine''
 +
***** ''Jirim''
 +
***** ''Jostu''
 +
***** ''Jo-Uda''
 +
***** ''Ordos''
 +
***** ''Shilingol''
 +
***** ''Tumut''
 +
***** ''Ulanchab''
 +
** ''Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat languages''
 +
*** Darkhat (or Darkhan) [drh]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Xal|Oirad-Kalmyk (or Western Mongol)]]''' [xal]
 +
**** ''Alasha Oirad''
 +
**** ''Deed Mongol''
 +
**** ''Jungarian Oirat''
 +
**** ''Sart Qalmaq''
 +
**** ''Altai Oirat''
 +
***** ''Khoshut (or Khoshuud)''
 +
***** ''Myangad (or Mingad)''
 +
***** ''Oirat (proper)''
 +
****** ''Altai Torguud  (or Altai Dörbet)''
 +
****** ''Altai Uriankhai''
 +
****** ''Bayid (or Bayat)''
 +
****** ''Dambi-Ööld (or Oöled, Dzungar, Zunghar, Züüngar)''
 +
****** ''Khoton''
 +
****** ''Khowd Dörwöd''
 +
****** ''Zakhchin''
 +
**** ''Kalmyk (or Kalmuck) (proper)''
 +
***** ''Dörböt''
 +
***** ''Torgut''
 +
***** ''Buzawa''
 +
****** ''Orenburgian Torguud''
 +
****** ''Uralian Torguud''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Southern-Periphery-Mongolic">▸ '''''Southern Periphery Mongolic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* East Yugur (or Shera Yogur, Enger, Mongolic Yellow Uighur) [yuy]
 +
* ''Shirongol languages''
 +
** ''Baoanic languages''
 +
*** Kangjia (or Kangyang Hui) [kxs]
 +
*** Bonan (or Paongan, Pao-an) [peh]
 +
**** ''Buddhist Bonan''
 +
**** ''Gansu Bonan''
 +
**** ''Islamic Bonan''
 +
**** ''Jishishan (or Dahejia, Dajiahe)''
 +
**** ''Moslem Bonan''
 +
**** ''Qinghai Bonan''
 +
**** ''Tongren (or Tung-yên)''
 +
*** Dongxiang (or Dunshan, Tsung, Tunghsiang, Santa) [sce]
 +
**** ''Sijiaji''
 +
**** ''Suonanba''
 +
**** ''Wangjiaji''
 +
** Monguor (or Tu) [mjg]
 +
*** ''Huzhu''
 +
*** ''Minhe (or Minxe)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Tungusic">''[[:Category:Tungusic languages|Tungusic languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central Manchu languages'' <small>([[#Central-Manchu|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Northern Manchu languages'' <small>([[#Northern-Manchu|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Manchu-Jurchen languages''
 +
** Jurchen [juc]
 +
** ''Southwest Tungusic languages''
 +
*** Xibe (or Sibo, Sibin) [sjo]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Mnc|Manchu (or Chinese Tatarn)]]''' [mnc]
 +
**** ''Alechuxa''
 +
**** ''Bala (China)''
 +
**** ''Jing''
 +
**** ''Lalin''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Manchu">▸ '''''Central Manchu languages'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central-Eastern Tungusic languages''
 +
** Kilen [?]
 +
** Oroch [oac]
 +
*** ''Kjakela''
 +
*** ''Namunka''
 +
*** ''Orichen''
 +
*** ''Tez''
 +
** Udihe [ude]
 +
*** ''Anjuski''
 +
*** ''Bikin''
 +
*** ''Iman''
 +
*** ''Khor''
 +
*** ''Khungari''
 +
*** ''Samargin''
 +
*** ''Sikhota Alin''
 +
* ''Central-Western Tungusic languages''
 +
** Nanai [gld]
 +
*** ''Akani''
 +
*** ''Birar''
 +
*** ''Kila''
 +
*** ''Kuro-Urmi''
 +
*** ''Samagir''
 +
*** ''Sunggari''
 +
*** ''Torgon''
 +
*** ''Ussuri''
 +
** ''Ulchaic languages''
 +
*** Ulch [ulc]
 +
*** Orok [oaa]
 +
**** ''Poronaisk''
 +
**** ''Val-Nogliki''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Northern-Manchu">▸ '''''Northern Manchu languages'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Even [eve]
 +
** ''Arman''
 +
** ''Eastern Even''
 +
*** ''Berjozovka''
 +
*** ''Kamchatka''
 +
*** ''Kolyma-Omolon''
 +
*** ''Okhotsk''
 +
*** ''Ola''
 +
*** ''Sakkyryr''
 +
*** ''Upper Kolyma''
 +
** ''Middle Even''
 +
*** ''Allaikha''
 +
*** ''Moma Even''
 +
*** ''Tompon''
 +
** ''Western Even''
 +
*** ''Indigirka''
 +
*** ''Lamunkhin''
 +
*** ''Tjugasjir''
 +
* ''Northwestern Tungusic languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Evn|Evenki]]''' [evn] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** ''Aoluguya''
 +
*** ''Chenba'erhu''
 +
*** ''Haila’er Evenki''
 +
*** ''Huihe''
 +
*** ''Morigele''
 +
** Negidal [neg]
 +
*** ''Nizovsk''
 +
*** ''Verkhovsk''
 +
** Oroqen [orh]
 +
*** ''Gankui''
 +
*** ''Heilongjiang Oroqen''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Turkic">''[[:Category:Turkic languages|Turkic languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Bolgar languages''
 +
** Bolgarian (†) [xbo]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Cv|Chuvash]]''' [cv]
 +
*** ''Anatri''
 +
*** ''Viryal''
 +
* ''Common Turkic languages''
 +
** Turkic Khalaj (or Chaladsch, Arghu) [klj]
 +
** ''Oghuz languages'' <small>([[#Oghuz|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Kipchak languages'' <small>([[#Kipchak|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Turkestan Turkic languages'' <small>([[#Turkestan-Turkic|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Central Siberian Turkic languages'' <small>([[#Central-Siberian-Turkic|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''North Siberian Turkic languages''
 +
*** Dolgan (or Dulğan, Haka) [dlg]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Sah|Sakha (or Yakut)]]''' [sah]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Oghuz">▸ '''''Oghuz languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Slr|Salar]]''' [slr]
 +
** ''Jiezi''
 +
** ''Mengda''
 +
* ''Nuclear Oghuz languages''
 +
** Qashqa'i [qxq]
 +
** ''Central Oghuz languages''
 +
*** Salchuq [slq]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Az|Azerbaijani  (or Modern Azeric languages)]]''' [az]  macrolanguage
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Azj|North Azerbaijani (or Azeri Turk)]]''' [azj] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Qyzylbash''
 +
***** ''Eastern Azerbaijani''
 +
****** ''Baku''
 +
****** ''Derbend Azerbaijani''
 +
****** ''Lenkaran''
 +
****** ''Quba (Turkic)''
 +
****** ''Salyan''
 +
****** ''Shamakhi''
 +
***** ''Northern Azerbaijani''
 +
****** ''Nukha''
 +
****** ''Qabala''
 +
****** ''Zaqatala (Turkic)''
 +
***** ''Southern Azerbaijani''
 +
****** ''Karapapak''
 +
****** ''Nakhchivan''
 +
****** ''Ordubad''
 +
****** ''Terekeme''
 +
****** ''Yerevan''
 +
***** ''Western Azerbaijani''
 +
****** ''Airym''
 +
****** ''Borcala''
 +
****** ''Qazakh''
 +
****** ''Central Azerbaijani''
 +
******* ''Ganja''
 +
******* ''Shusha''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Azb|South Azerbaijani (or Iranian Azari, Afghanistan Oghuz, Torki)]]''' [azb]
 +
***** ''Afshari''
 +
***** ''Aynallu''
 +
***** ''Baharlu''
 +
***** ''Bayat''
 +
***** ''Kars''
 +
***** ''Kirkuk''
 +
***** ''Moqaddam''
 +
***** ''Nafar''
 +
***** ''Pishagchi''
 +
***** ''Qajar''
 +
***** ''Qaragozlu''
 +
***** ''Shahsavani''
 +
***** ''Tabriz''
 +
** ''East Oghuz languages''
 +
*** Khorasani Turkish (or Quchani)  [kmz]
 +
**** ''North Quchani''
 +
**** ''South Quchani''
 +
**** ''West Quchani''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Tk|Turkmen (or Turkoman)]]''' [tk]
 +
**** ''Anauli''
 +
**** ''Cawdur''
 +
**** ''Esari''
 +
**** ''Goklen''
 +
**** ''Khasarli''
 +
**** ''Nerezim''
 +
**** ''Nokhurli''
 +
**** ''Salyr''
 +
**** ''Saryq''
 +
**** ''Teke''
 +
**** ''Yomud''
 +
** ''West Oghuz languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Gag|Gagauz]]''' [gag]
 +
**** ''Bulgar Gagauz''
 +
**** ''Maritime Gagauzi''
 +
*** Rumelian Turkish (or Balkan Gagauz) [bgx]
 +
**** ''Danubian''
 +
**** ''Gajol''
 +
**** ''Gerlovo Turks''
 +
**** ''Kyzylbash''
 +
**** ''Razgrad''
 +
**** ''Surguch''
 +
**** ''Tozluk Turks''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Tr|Turkish]]''' [tr]
 +
**** ''Cypriot Turkish''
 +
**** ''Karamanli''
 +
**** ''Syrian Turkmen Turkish''
 +
**** ''Anatolian Turkish''
 +
***** ''Dinler''
 +
***** ''Edirne''
 +
***** ''Eskisehir''
 +
***** ''Gaziantep''
 +
***** ''Urfa''
 +
***** ''Yuruk''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Kipchak">▸ '''''Kipchak languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Pecheneg (†) [xpc]
 +
* ''East Kipchak languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Ky|Kirghiz]]''' [ky]
 +
*** ''Northern Kirghiz''
 +
*** ''Southern Kirghiz''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Ba|Southern Altai (or Oirot, Altai Kalmuck)]]''' [alt]
 +
*** ''Altai Proper''
 +
*** ''Talangit''
 +
* ''North Kipchak languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Ba|Bashkir]]''' [ba]
 +
*** ''Burzhan''
 +
*** ''Kuvakan''
 +
*** ''Yurmaty''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Tt|Tatar (or Volga-Ural Tatar, Kazan)]]''' [tt]
 +
*** ''Astrakhan Tatar''
 +
*** ''Kasimov''
 +
*** ''Middle Tatar''
 +
*** ''Tepter''
 +
*** ''Ural''
 +
*** ''Western Tatar''
 +
*** ''Eastern Tatar''
 +
**** ''Baraba''
 +
**** ''Tom''
 +
**** ''Tobol-Irtysh''
 +
***** ''Tara (Turkic)''
 +
***** ''Tevriz''
 +
***** ''Tobol''
 +
***** ''Tyumen''
 +
***** ''Zabolotny''
 +
* ''South Kipchak languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Kaa|Karakalpak (or Kara-Kalpak)]]''' [kaa]
 +
*** ''Northeastern Karakalpak''
 +
*** ''Southeastern Karakalpak''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Kk|Kazakh]]''' [kk]
 +
*** ''Northeastern Kazakh''
 +
*** ''Southern Kazakh''
 +
*** ''Western Kazakh''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Nog|Nogai]]''' [nog]
 +
*** ''Alabugat Tatar''
 +
*** ''Black Nogai''
 +
*** ''Central Nogai''
 +
*** ''Karagash''
 +
*** ''White Nogai''
 +
*** ''Yurt Tatar''
 +
* ''West Kipchak languages''
 +
** Krymchak [jct]
 +
** ''Crimean Tatar-Urum languages''
 +
*** Urum [uum]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Crh|Crimean Tatar (or Crimean Turkish)]]''' [crh]
 +
**** ''Central Crimean''
 +
**** ''Northern Crimean''
 +
**** ''Southern Crimean''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Krc|Karachay-Balkar]]''' [krc]
 +
*** ''Balkar''
 +
*** ''Karachay''
 +
** Karaim [kdr]
 +
*** ''Eastern Karaim''
 +
*** ''Western Karaim''
 +
**** ''Northwestern Karaim''
 +
**** ''Southwestern Karaim''
 +
***** ''Halych Karaim''
 +
***** ''Lutsk Karaim''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Kum|Kumyk]]''' [kum]
 +
*** ''Buinaksk''
 +
*** ''Khaikent''
 +
*** ''Khasavyurt''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Turkestan-Turkic">▸ '''''Turkestan Turkic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Old Turkic (or Old Uighur) (†) [oui]
 +
** ''Orkhon Turkic''
 +
** ''Qarakhanid''
 +
* ''Uyghur-Uzbek languages''
 +
** Chagatai (†) [chg]
 +
** ''Modern Uyghur-Uzbek languages''
 +
*** ''Uighur-Ili languages''
 +
**** Ili Turki [ili]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Ug|Uyghur (or Uighur)]]''' [ug]
 +
***** ''Khotan''
 +
***** ''Lopnor''
 +
***** ''Central Uyghur''
 +
****** ''Ili''
 +
****** ''Kashgar-Atush''
 +
****** ''Qomul''
 +
****** ''Turfan''
 +
****** ''Urumqi''
 +
****** ''Tarim-Moghal-Kucha''
 +
******* ''Kucha''
 +
******* ''Moghal''
 +
******* ''Tarim''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Uz|Uzbek]]''' [uz] macrolanguage
 +
**** Northern Uzbek (or Krymchak) [uzn]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Uzs|Southern Uzbek]]''' [uzs]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Siberian-Turkic">▸ '''''Central Siberian Turkic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Sty|Siberian Tatar]]''' [sty]
 +
* ''South Siberian Turkic languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Atv|Northern Altai (or Kumandin, Telengit, Teleut)]]''' [atv] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** Chulym Turkic (or Küerik, Ostiaki, Tchoulyme, Ös til) [clw]
 +
*** ''Lower Chulym Turkic''
 +
**** ''Chibi''
 +
**** ''Ketsik''
 +
**** ''Küärik''
 +
**** ''Yatsi''
 +
**** ''Yezhi''
 +
*** ''Middle Chulym Turkic''
 +
**** ''Melet''
 +
**** ''Tutal''
 +
** ''Sayan languages''
 +
*** Taiga Sayan Turkic (or Sayan Samoyed, Karagas, Tofa) [kim]
 +
**** ''Dukha''
 +
**** ''Soyot''
 +
**** ''Todja''
 +
**** ''Tofa''
 +
**** ''Tuha''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Tyv|Tuvinian (or Tuvin, Tuvan, Soyod)]]''' [tyv]
 +
**** ''Central Tuvin''
 +
**** ''Northeastern Tuvin''
 +
**** ''Southeastern Tuvin''
 +
**** ''Tuba-Kizhi''
 +
**** ''Western Tuvin''
 +
** ''Yenisei-East Siberian Turkic languages''
 +
*** ''East Siberian Turkic languages''
 +
**** Ainu (China) (or Abdal, Aini, Eynu) [aib]
 +
**** West Yugur (or Sari Yogur, or Turkic Yellow Uighur) [ybe]
 +
*** ''Yenisey Turkic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Kjh|Khakas (or Abakan Tatar, Abaqan, Sagaijer, South Siberian Turkic)]]''' [kjh]
 +
***** ''Beltir''
 +
***** ''Kacha''
 +
***** ''Kamassian (Turkic)''
 +
***** ''Kyzyl''
 +
***** ''Sagai''
 +
**** Shor (or Kondoma Tatar, Kuznets Tatar, Mras-Su Tatar) [cjs]
 +
***** ''Kondoma''
 +
***** ''Mrassa''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Araucanian">[[:Category:Araucanian languages|Araucanian languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Huilliche [huh]
 +
** ''Tsesungún''
 +
* '''[[Portal:Arn|Mapuche (or Mapudungun)]]''' [arn]
 +
** ''Moluche''
 +
** ''Pehuenche''
 +
** ''Picunche''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Arawakan">[[:Category:Arawakan languages|Arawakan (or Maipuran) languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central Maipuran languages'' <small>([[#Central-Maipuran|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Eastern Maipuran languages''
 +
** Marawan (†) [?]
 +
** Palikúr [plu]
 +
* ''Northern Maipuran languages'' <small>([[#Northern-Maipuran|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Southern Maipuran languages''
 +
** ''Bolivia-Parana languages'' <small>([[#Bolivia-Parana|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Pre-Andine Maipuran languages'' <small>([[#Pre-Andine-Maipuran|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Purus languages'' <small>([[#Purus|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Western Maipuran languages''
 +
** Yanesha’ [ame]
 +
** ''Chamicuro-Morike languages''
 +
*** Chamicuro [ccc]
 +
*** Morike (†) [?]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Central-Maipuran">'''''Central Maipuran languages:'''''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Paresi-Saraveka-Saluma languages''
 +
** Enawené-Nawé [unk]
 +
** Parecís [pab]
 +
** Saraveca (†) [sar]
 +
* ''Xinguan Arawak languages''
 +
** Yawalapití [yaw]
 +
** ''Waura-Mehinaku-Kustenau languages''
 +
*** Kustenau (†) [?]
 +
*** ''Waura-Mehinaku languages''
 +
**** Mehináku [mmh]
 +
**** Waurá [wau]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Northern-Maipuran">'''''Northern Maipuran languages:'''''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Apolista (†) [?]
 +
* ''Alto Orinoco languages'' <small>([[#Alto-Orinoco|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Caribbean Arawakan languages'' <small>([[#Caribbean-Arawakan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Inland Northern Maipuran languages'' <small>([[#Inland-Northern-Maipuran|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Jurua-Jutai languages (†)''
 +
** Araicu (†) [?]
 +
** Maragua (†) [?]
 +
* ''Negro-Roraima languages'' <small>([[#Negro-Roraima|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Alto-Orinoco">▸ '''''Alto Orinoco languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Maipure-Avane languages (†)''
 +
** Maipure (†) [?]
 +
** Avane (†) [bvv]
 +
*** ''Baniva-Avani''
 +
*** ''Quirruba''
 +
* ''Pareni languages''
 +
** Yavitero (†) [yvt]
 +
** Baniva de Maroa (or Guarekena) [gae]
 +
*** ''Baniva de Guainia''
 +
*** ''Warekéna do Xiê''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Caribbean-Arawakan">▸ '''''Caribbean Arawakan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Lokono [arw]
 +
* Taino (†) [tnq]
 +
* ''Guajiro-Paraujano languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:guc|Wayuu]]''' [guc]
 +
** Paraujano [pbg]
 +
*** ''Alile''
 +
*** ''Toa''
 +
* ''Island Carib-Garifuna languages''
 +
** Garifuna [cab]
 +
*** ''Eastern Garifuna''
 +
*** ''Western Garifuna''
 +
** Island Carib [crb]
 +
*** ''Vincentian''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Inland-Northern-Maipuran">▸ '''''Inland Northern Maipuran languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Alto Negro languages''
 +
** Anauyá (†) [?]
 +
** Baré [bae]
 +
** Guinau (†) [?]
 +
** Yabaâna (†) [?]
 +
* ''Japura-Colombia languages''
 +
** Jumana (†) [?]
 +
** Kaishana (†) [?]
 +
** Passe (†) [?]
 +
** Resígaro [rgr]
 +
** ''Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages'' <small>([[#Nuclear-Japura-Colombia|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Nuclear-Japura-Colombia">▸ '''''Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Cabiyarí [cbb]
 +
* ''Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages'' <small>([[#Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Piapoco-Achagua languages''
 +
** Achagua [aca]
 +
** Piapoco [pio]
 +
* ''Warekena-Mandahuaca languages''
 +
** Mandahuaca (†) [mht]
 +
** Warekena Velha (or Old Warekena) [?]
 +
* ''Yucunic languages''
 +
** Guaru (†) [?]
 +
** Uainuma-Mariate (†) [?]
 +
** Yucuna [ycn]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano">▸ '''''Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Baniwa-Curripaco languages''
 +
** Baniwa do Icana [bwi]
 +
*** ''Hohodené''
 +
*** ''Siusy-Tapuya''
 +
** Curripaco [kpc]
 +
*** ''Korripako''
 +
*** ''Unhun''
 +
* Tariana [tae]
 +
** ''Kumandene Tariana''
 +
** ''Periquitos-Santa Rosa Tariana''
 +
*** ''Periquitos Tariana''
 +
*** ''Santa Rosa Tariana''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Negro-Roraima">▸ '''''Negro-Roraima languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Aruan (†) [?]
 +
* ''Bahuanaic languages (†)''
 +
** Cariay (†) [?]
 +
** Manao (†) [?]
 +
** Uirina (†) [?]
 +
** Xiriâna (†) [xir]
 +
* ''Wapishanan languages''
 +
** Atorada [aox]
 +
** Mapidian-Mawayana [mpw]
 +
** Mawakwa (†) [?]
 +
** Wapishana [wap]
 +
*** ''Amariba''
 +
*** ''Atorai''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Bolivia-Parana">'''''Bolivia-Parana languages:'''''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Magiana (†) [?]
 +
* ''Baure-Paikoneka languages''
 +
** Paiconeca (†) [?]
 +
** ''Baure-Carmelito-Joaquiniano languages''
 +
*** Baure [brg]
 +
*** Joaquiniano (†) [?]
 +
* ''Moxo-Paunaca languages''
 +
** Paunaca [pnk]
 +
** ''Moxo languages''
 +
*** Ignaciano [ign]
 +
*** Trinitario [trn]
 +
**** ''Javierano''
 +
**** ''Loreto''
 +
* Terena-Kinikinao-Chane [ter]
 +
** ''Chané''
 +
** ''Kinikinao''
 +
** ''Terena''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Pre-Andine-Maipuran">'''''Pre-Andine Maipuran languages:'''''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Nomatsiguenga [not]
 +
* ''Asha-Ashe-Kak-Matsi-Nan languages''
 +
** ''Asha-Ashe-Kak languages''
 +
*** Caquinte [cot]
 +
*** ''Ashe-Asha languages''
 +
**** Asháninka [cni]
 +
**** ''Ashe-Asha Norte languages''
 +
***** Ajyíninka Apurucayali [cpc]
 +
***** Ashéninka Perené [prq]
 +
***** Pichis Ashéninka [cpu]
 +
***** Ucayali-Yurúa Ashéninka [cpb]
 +
**** ''Asheninka languages''
 +
***** Ashéninka Pajonal [cjo]
 +
***** South Ucayali Ashéninka [cpy]
 +
** ''Matsi-Nan languages''
 +
*** Machiguenga [mcb]
 +
*** Nanti (or Cogapacori) [cox]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Purus">'''''Purus languages:'''''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Apurinã [apu]
 +
* ''Inaparic languages''
 +
** Iñapari [inp]
 +
** Pacaguara-Mercier (†) [?]
 +
* ''Yineic languages''
 +
** Machinere [mpd]
 +
** ''Western Yineic languages''
 +
*** Mashco Piro [cuj]
 +
*** Yine [pib]
 +
**** ''Madre de Dios Yine''
 +
**** ''Urubamba Yine''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit">[[:Category:Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit languages|Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit (or Na-Dene) languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Tlingit (or Tlingitan Isolate, Tlinkit, Thlinget, Koluschan, Coluchano) [tli]
 +
* ''Athabaskan-Eyak languages''
 +
** Eyak (or dAXunhyuuga’) (†) [eya]
 +
** ''Athabaskan languages''
 +
*** ''Apachean languages'' <small>([[#Apachean|see below]])</small>
 +
*** ''Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages'' <small>([[#Pacific-Coast-Athabaskan|see below]])</small>
 +
*** ''Northern Athabaskan languages'' <small>([[#Northern-Athabaskan|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Apachean">''Apachean languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Kiowa Apache (or Oklahoma Apache, Plains Apache, Na’isha, Na-isha, Llanero) (†) [apk]
 +
* ''Southwestern Apachean languages''
 +
** ''Eastern Southwestern Apachean (or Eastern Apache) languages''
 +
*** Lipan Apache (or Lipán) (†) [apl]
 +
*** Jicarilla Apache (or Hikariya) [apj]
 +
** ''Western Southwestern Apachean ''
 +
*** Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache [apm]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Nv|Navajo (or Navaho, Diné)]]''' [nv]
 +
*** Western Apache, White River Apache, San Carlos Apache, San Carlos Cluster, San Carlos-Southern Tonto, Tonto, Arivaipa, Cibecu, Coyotero) [apw]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Pacific-Coast-Athabaskan">''Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''California Athabaskan languages''
 +
** Kato (†) [ktw]
 +
** Mattole (†) [mvb]
 +
** Wailaki (†) [wlk]
 +
** Hupa [hup]
 +
* ''Oregon Athabaskan languages'' (†)
 +
** Tolowa-Chetco (or Smith River Athabaskan) (†) [tol]
 +
** Upper Umpqua (†) [xup]
 +
** ''Rogue River (or Tutuni-Chasta Costa-Coquille, Mishikhwutmetunee) languages'' (†)
 +
*** Coquille (or Ko’kwel, Chasta Costa) (†) [coq]
 +
*** Tututni (or Upper Coquille) (†) [tuu]
 +
*** Galice (or Applegate-Galice, Galice-Applegate) (†) [gce]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Northern-Athabaskan">''Northern Athabaskan languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Holikachuk (†) [hoi]
 +
* Tsetsaut (†) [txc]
 +
* Ahtena [aht]
 +
* Babine [bcr]
 +
* Beaver [bea]
 +
* Chilcotin [clc]
 +
* Chipewyan [chp]
 +
* Degexit’an [ing]
 +
* Gwich’in [gwi]
 +
* Han [haa]
 +
* Koyukon [koy]
 +
* Lower Tanana [taa]
 +
* Sarsi [srs]
 +
* Sekani [sek]
 +
* Tanacross [tcb]
 +
* Tanaina [tfn]
 +
* Upper Kuskokwim [kuu]
 +
* Upper Tanana [tau]
 +
* ''Dakelh languages''
 +
** Carrier [crx]
 +
** Southern Carrier [caf]
 +
* ''Tutchone languages''
 +
** Northern Tutchone [ttm]
 +
** Southern Tutchone [tce]
 +
* ''Tahltan-Kaska languages''
 +
** Kaska [kkz]
 +
**Tagish [tgx]
 +
** Tahltan [tht]
 +
* ''Hare-Slavey languages''
 +
** Dogrib (or Dogrí, Thlingchadine) [dgr]
 +
** ''Slavey (or Slave, Peaux de Lièvre) languages''
 +
*** North Slavey [scs]
 +
*** South Slavey (or Southern Eslavi, Mackenzian, Dené)  [xsl]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Austroasiatic">[[:Category:Austroasiatic languages|Austroasiatic languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Aslian languages'' <small>([[#Aslian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Bahnaric languages'' <small>([[#Bahnaric|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Katuic languages'' <small>([[#Katuic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Khasi-Palaung languages'' <small>([[#Khasi-Palaung|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Khmeric languages'' <small>([[#Khmeric|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Khmuic languages'' <small>([[#Khmuic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Mangic languages'' <small>([[#Mangic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Monic languages'' <small>([[#Monic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Munda languages|Munda (or Mundaic) languages]]'' <small>([[#Munda|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Nicobaric languages'' <small>([[#Nicobaric|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Pearic languages'' <small>([[#Pearic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Vietic languages'' <small>([[#Vietic|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Aslian">''Aslian languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central-Northern Aslian languages''
 +
** Jah Hut
 +
*** ''Kerdau''
 +
*** ''Ketiar Krau''
 +
*** ''Krau''
 +
*** ''Kuala Tembeling''
 +
*** ''Pulau Guai''
 +
*** ''Ulu Ceres''
 +
*** ''Ulu Tembeling''
 +
** ''North Aslian languages'' <small>([[#North-Aslian|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Senoic languages''
 +
*** ''Lanoh-Semnam-Temiar languages''
 +
*** Semai
 +
**** ''Betau''
 +
**** ''Bidor''
 +
**** ''Bil''
 +
**** ''Cameron''
 +
**** ''Jelai''
 +
**** ''Lipis''
 +
**** ''Orang Tanjong (Ulu Langat)''
 +
**** ''Perak I''
 +
**** ''Perak II''
 +
**** ''Sungkai''
 +
**** ''Telom''
 +
**** ''Ulu Kampar''
 +
* ''South Aslian languages''
 +
** Besisi
 +
*** ''Betise’''
 +
*** ''Kuala Langot Besisi''
 +
*** ''Malakka Besisi''
 +
*** ''Selangor Sakai''
 +
*** ''Sisi''
 +
*** ''Ulu Langat Orang Bukit''
 +
** ''Semelai-Semaq languages''
 +
*** Semaq Beri
 +
*** Semelai
 +
*** Temoq
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="North-Aslian">▸ '''''North Aslian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Chewong
 +
* ''Maniq-Menraq-Batek languages''
 +
** ''Maniqic languages''
 +
*** Kensiu
 +
**** ''Ijoh''
 +
**** ''Jarum''
 +
**** ''Jeher''
 +
**** ''Kedah''
 +
**** ''Kensiu Batu''
 +
**** ''Kensiu Siong''
 +
**** ''Kentaq Nakil''
 +
**** ''Plus''
 +
**** ''Ulu Selama''
 +
*** Kintaq
 +
*** Maniq
 +
**** ''Satun''
 +
** ''Menraq-Batek languages''
 +
*** ''Batekic languages''
 +
**** Batek
 +
***** ''Batek Nong''
 +
***** ''Batek Teq''
 +
**** Mintil
 +
*** Jedek
 +
*** Jehai
 +
**** ''Batek The''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Jehai''
 +
*** Minriq
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Aslian">''Bahnaric languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Alak
 +
* Cua
 +
* ''North Bahnaric languages''
 +
** ''Hre-Sedang-Todrah-Monam languages''
 +
*** ''Bonam-Monam languages''
 +
**** Bahnar
 +
***** ''Alakong''
 +
***** ''Bahnar Bonom''
 +
***** ''Golar (Austroasiatic)''
 +
***** ''Jolong''
 +
***** ''Kontum''
 +
***** ''Krem''
 +
***** ''Tolo''
 +
**** Monom
 +
*** ''Hre-Sedang languages''
 +
**** Hre
 +
***** ''Creq''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Hre''
 +
***** ''Rabah''
 +
**** Rengao
 +
***** ''Bahnar-Rengao''
 +
***** ''Sedang-Rengao''
 +
***** ''Western Rengao''
 +
**** Sedang
 +
***** ''Central Sedang''
 +
***** ''Dak Sut Sedang''
 +
***** ''Greater Sedang''
 +
***** ''Kon Hring Sedang''
 +
***** ''Kotua Sedang''
 +
*** Todrah
 +
** Katua
 +
** ''Kayong-Jeh-Halang languages''
 +
** ''Lamamic languages''
 +
*** Kaco’
 +
*** Romam
 +
** Takua
 +
* ''South Bahnaric languages''
 +
** ''Koho-Maa languages''
 +
*** Koho
 +
**** ''Chil (Koho)''
 +
**** ''Kalop''
 +
**** ''Kodu''
 +
**** ''Lac''
 +
**** ''Laya (Austroasiatic)''
 +
**** ''Nop''
 +
**** ''Pru''
 +
**** ''Rion''
 +
**** ''Sop (Austroasiatic)''
 +
**** ''Sre''
 +
**** ''Tala (Vietnam)''
 +
**** ''Tring (Austroasiatic)''
 +
*** Maa
 +
** ''Mnong-Stieng-Chrau languages''
 +
*** Chrau
 +
*** ''Mnong languages''
 +
**** Eastern Mnong
 +
***** ''Chil''
 +
***** ''Mnong Gar''
 +
***** ''Mnong Kwanh''
 +
***** ''Mnong Rolom''
 +
**** ''Southern-Central Mnong languages''
 +
***** Central Mnong
 +
****** ''Biat''
 +
****** ''Bu Dang''
 +
****** ''Bu Nar''
 +
****** ''Bu Rung''
 +
****** ''Dih Bri''
 +
****** ''Préh''
 +
***** Kraol
 +
***** Southern Mnong
 +
****** ''Bunong''
 +
****** ''Prang (Southern Mnong)''
 +
*** ''Stieng languages''
 +
**** Budeh Stieng
 +
**** Bulo Stieng
 +
***** ''Budip''
 +
***** ''Bulo''
 +
* Talieng
 +
* Tampuan
 +
* ''West Bahnaric languages''
 +
** Lawi
 +
** ''Nuclear West Bahnaric''
 +
*** ''Laveh-Brao languages''
 +
**** Brao
 +
***** ''Palau''
 +
**** Kavet
 +
**** Krung
 +
*** ''Loven-Suq languages''
 +
**** Laven
 +
**** Sou
 +
*** Nyaheun
 +
*** Oy
 +
**** ''Inn Tea''
 +
**** ''Jeng''
 +
**** ''Kranyeu''
 +
**** ''Riyao''
 +
**** ''Sok''
 +
**** ''Tamal Euy''
 +
*** Sapuan
 +
** Trieng
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Katuic">''Katuic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Katu languages''
 +
** ''Nuclear Katu languages''
 +
*** Eastern Katu
 +
*** Western Katu
 +
** Phuong
 +
* Pacoh
 +
* ''Ta’oihic languages''
 +
** Kriang-Khlor
 +
** ''Ong-Ta’oih languages''
 +
*** Lower Ta’oih
 +
**** ''Hantong’''
 +
**** ''Tong (Laos)''
 +
*** Ong-Ir
 +
*** Upper Ta’oih
 +
**** ''Ha’aang''
 +
**** ''Kamuan’''
 +
**** ''Leem''
 +
**** ''Palee’n''
 +
**** ''Pasoom''
 +
* ''West Katuic languages''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Khasi-Palaung">''Khasi-Palaung languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Khasian languages''
 +
** ''Khasi-Pnar-Lyngngam languages''
 +
*** ''Khasi-Pnar languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Kha|Khasi]]''' <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Bhoi-Khasi''
 +
***** ''Cherrapunji''
 +
***** ''Khynrium''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Khasi''
 +
**** Pnar
 +
***** ''Jaintia''
 +
****** ''Barato''
 +
****** ''Batau''
 +
****** ''Jowai''
 +
****** ''Lakadong''
 +
****** ''Martiang''
 +
****** ''Mynso''
 +
****** ''Nongtalang''
 +
****** ''Raliang''
 +
****** ''Rymbai''
 +
****** ''Shangpung''
 +
****** ''Sumer''
 +
****** ''Sutnga''
 +
***** ''Nongtung''
 +
*** ''Lyngngamic languages''
 +
**** Bangladesh Lyngam
 +
**** India Lyngam
 +
** War-Jaintia
 +
*** ''Nuclear War-Jaintia''
 +
*** ''War-Khasi''
 +
* ''Palaungic languages''
 +
** Danau
 +
** ''East Palaungic languages''
 +
*** ''Angkuic languages''
 +
**** Eastern Angkuic
 +
**** ''Southern Angkuic languages''
 +
***** Hu
 +
***** Man Met
 +
***** Mok
 +
***** Muak
 +
****** ''Doi''
 +
****** ''Nuclear Tai Loi''
 +
**** U
 +
*** ''Khao-Bit languages''
 +
**** Bit
 +
**** Kháng
 +
***** ''Kháng Ai''
 +
***** ''Kháng Clau''
 +
*** Lamet
 +
**** ''Lower Lamet''
 +
**** ''Upper Lamet''
 +
*** ''Waic languages''
 +
**** ''Bulangic languages''
 +
***** Blang
 +
****** ''Kem Degne''
 +
****** ''Phang''
 +
***** Samtao
 +
**** ''Wa-Lawa languages''
 +
***** ''Lawa languages''
 +
****** Eastern Lawa
 +
******* ''Phalo''
 +
****** Western Lawa
 +
******* ''La-Oor''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Waic languages''
 +
****** South Wa
 +
****** Ximeng-Menglian Awa
 +
****** Zhenkang Wa
 +
******* ''En (China)''
 +
******* ''Kentung Wa''
 +
******* ''La''
 +
******* ''Son''
 +
******* ''Wa Lon''
 +
******* ''Wu''
 +
** ''West Palaungic languages''
 +
*** ''Palaung languages''
 +
**** Ruching Palaung
 +
***** ''Bulei''
 +
***** ''Raojin''
 +
**** Shwe Palaung
 +
*** ''Riang languages''
 +
**** Riang (Myanmar)
 +
**** Yinchia
 +
*** Rumai Palaung
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Khmeric">''Khmeric languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Km|Khmer]]''' macrolanguage
 +
** Central Khmer
 +
*** ''Nuclear Central Khmer''
 +
*** ''Southern Khmer''
 +
** Northern Khmer
 +
*** ''Buriram''
 +
*** ''Sisaket''
 +
*** ''Surin''
 +
* Old Khmer
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Khmuic">''Khmuic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Khmu’ languages''
 +
** Khmu
 +
*** ''Hat''
 +
*** ''Khroong''
 +
*** ''Luang Prabang (Laos)''
 +
*** ''Lyy''
 +
*** ''Rok''
 +
*** ''Sayabury''
 +
*** ''U (Khmu)''
 +
*** ''Yuan''
 +
** Khuen
 +
* Mlabri
 +
* ''Phay-Pram languages''
 +
** Ksingmul
 +
** ''Pramic languages''
 +
*** O'du
 +
*** Phong-Kniang
 +
*** Theen
 +
** ''Tin languages''
 +
*** Mal
 +
*** Prai
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Mangic">''Mangic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Mang
 +
* ''Pakanic languages''
 +
** Bolyu
 +
** Bugan
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Monic">''Monic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Mon
 +
** ''Mataban-Moulmein''
 +
** ''Pegu''
 +
** ''Ye''
 +
* Nyahkur
 +
* Old Mon
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Munda">''[[:Category:Munda languages|Munda (or Mundaic) languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''North Munda languages''
 +
** ''Kherwarian languages''
 +
*** ''Mundaric languages''
 +
**** ''Asuric languages''
 +
***** Asuri
 +
***** Bijori
 +
**** Birhor
 +
**** ''Ho-Mundari languages''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Hoc|Ho]]'''
 +
***** Mundari
 +
**** Koda
 +
**** ''Kodaku-Korwa languages''
 +
***** Kodaku
 +
***** Korwa
 +
**** Majhwar
 +
**** Turi
 +
*** ''Santalic languages''
 +
**** Kol (Bangladesh)
 +
**** Mahali
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Sat|Santali]]'''
 +
** Korku
 +
* ''South Munda languages''
 +
** Gata’
 +
** ''Gutob-Remo languages''
 +
*** Bodo Gadaba
 +
*** Bondo
 +
** Juang
 +
** Kharia
 +
** ''Sora-Juray-Gorum languages''
 +
*** Gorum-Parenga
 +
*** ''Sora-Juray languages''
 +
**** Juray
 +
**** Sora
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Nicobaric">''Nicobaric languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Car Nicobarese
 +
* ''Nuclear Nicobaric languages''
 +
** ''Central Nicobar languages''
 +
*** Central Nicobarese
 +
**** ''Camorta''
 +
**** ''Katchal''
 +
**** ''Nancowry''
 +
**** ''Trinkut''
 +
*** Southern Nicobarese
 +
**** ''Condul''
 +
**** ''Great Nicobar''
 +
**** ''Little Nicobar''
 +
**** ''Milo''
 +
**** ''Sambelong''
 +
**** ''Tafwap''
 +
** ''Chowra-Teressa languages''
 +
*** Chaura
 +
*** Teressa
 +
**** ''Bompoka''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Pearic">''Pearic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Pear
 +
* ''Western Pearic languages''
 +
** Central Chong
 +
** Chong of Chanthaburi
 +
** Somray<!--(Battambang-Somre, Siem Reap)-->
 +
** ''Southern Chong languages''
 +
*** Sa’och
 +
*** Suoy
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Vietic">''Vietic languages:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Chutic languages''
 +
** ''East Chutic languages''
 +
*** Arem
 +
*** Chut
 +
**** ''May''
 +
**** ''Ruc''
 +
**** ''Sach''
 +
*** Maleng
 +
**** ''Hareme''
 +
**** ''Kha Phong''
 +
**** ''Malang''
 +
**** ''Malieng''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Maleng''
 +
**** ''Pakatan''
 +
** Thavung
 +
* ''Cuoi languages''
 +
** Hung
 +
*** ''Dan Lai''
 +
*** ''Ly Ha''
 +
*** ''Phong''
 +
*** ''Toum''
 +
** Tho
 +
*** ''Cuoi Cham''
 +
*** ''Mon (Vietnam)''
 +
* ''Viet-Muong languages''
 +
** ''Muongic languages''
 +
*** Bo (Laos)
 +
*** Muong
 +
**** ''Ao Tá''
 +
**** ''Boi Bi''
 +
**** ''Moi 1''
 +
**** ''Mol (Vietnam)''
 +
**** ''Mual''
 +
**** ''Thang''
 +
**** ''Wang''
 +
*** Nguôn
 +
** '''[[Portal:Vi|Vietnamese]]'''
 +
*** ''Central Vietnamese''
 +
*** ''Northern Vietnamese''
 +
*** ''Southern Vietnamese''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
== <span id="Austronesian">[[:Category:Austronesian languages|Austronesian languages]]</span> ==
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''[[:Category:Formosan languages|Formosan (or Taiwanese indigenous) languages]]'' <small>([[#Formosan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Malayo-Polynesian languages|Malayo-Polynesian languages]]'' <small>([[#Malayo-Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Formosan">''[[:Category:Formosan languages|Formosan (or Taiwanese indigenous) languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Southern Formosan languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Pwn|Paiwan (or Butanglu, Kale-Whan, Kulalao, Samobi, Tamari, Li-Li-Sha)]]''' [pwn]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Pyu|Puyuma (or Piyuma, Pinuyumayan, Panapanayan)]]''' [pyu]
 +
*** ''Nanwang''
 +
*** ''Pinan (or Peinan, Beinan, Pilam)''
 +
* ''Western Plains Austronesian languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:ssf|Thao]]''' [ssf]
 +
*** ''Brawbaw''
 +
*** ''Sao (Formosan) (or Shao, Sau)''
 +
*** ''Chuihwan (or Suihwan, Vulung)''
 +
*** ''Shtafari''
 +
** ''Central Western Plains languages (†)''
 +
*** Papora-Hoanya (†) [ppu]
 +
**** ''Hoanya''
 +
**** ''Papora''
 +
*** Babuza (†) [bzg]
 +
**** ''Favorlang''
 +
**** ''Poavosa''
 +
**** ''Taokas''
 +
* ''Central Formosan languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Bnn|Bunun (or Bunan, Bunti, Bunum, Vunun)]]''' [bnn]
 +
*** ''South Bunun (or Ishbukun)''
 +
*** ''Central Bunun''
 +
**** ''Takbanuaz (or Tagbanuao)''
 +
**** ''Takivatan''
 +
*** ''North Bunun''
 +
**** ''Takibakha''
 +
**** ''Takituduh (or Taketodo)''
 +
** ''Tsou-Rukai languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Dru|Rukai (or Drukay, Dyokay, Tsarisen)]]''' [dru] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Budai''
 +
**** ''Labuan''
 +
**** ''Maga''
 +
**** ''Mantauran''
 +
**** ''Tanan''
 +
**** ''Tona''
 +
*** ''Tsouic languages''
 +
**** ''Kanakanavu-Saaroa languages''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Xnb|Kanakanabu (or Kanakanavu, Kanabu)]]''' [xnb]
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Sxr|Saaroa (or Hla’alua, La’arua, Shishaban)]]''' [sxr] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Tsu|Tsou (or Namakaban, Niikata)]]''' [tsu] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
***** ''Duhtu''
 +
***** ''Iimutsu''
 +
***** ''Luhtu''
 +
***** ''Tapangu''
 +
***** ''Tfuea''
 +
* ''East Formosan languages''
 +
** Taivoan (or Taivuan) (†) [tvx]
 +
** ''Northern East Formosan languages''
 +
*** Ketangalan (or Tangalan) (†) [kae]
 +
*** Basay (or Kawanuwan) (†) [byq]
 +
**** ''Linaw-Qauqaut (or Linaw-Qauqaul)''
 +
**** ''Trobiawan''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ckv|Kavalan (or Kuvalan, Kuwarawan, Cabaran, Kabalan, Kiwaraw)]]''' [ckv] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** ''Kareovan (or Kareowan)''
 +
** Sirayaic (†) [fos]
 +
*** ''Lamai''
 +
*** ''Makatao (or Takaraya, Tta’o)''
 +
*** ''Siraya (or Nuclear Siraya)''
 +
*** ''Pangsoia-Dolatok''
 +
**** ''Dolatok''
 +
**** ''Pangsoia''
 +
** ''Central East Formosan languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ais|Greater Amis (Amis/Sakizaya)]]''' (macrolanguage) [ais]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Szy|Sakizaya (or Sakiray)]]''' [szy] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Ami|Amis]]''' [ami]
 +
***** ''Northern Amis (or Nanshi Amis, Nataoran, Natawran)''
 +
***** ''Tavalong-Vataan (or Kuangfu, Kwangfu)''
 +
***** ''Central Amis (or Hsiukulan)''
 +
***** ''Southern Amis (or Hengch'un, Peinan, Taitung)''
 +
* ''Northern Formosan languages''
 +
** ''Northwest Formosan languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Uun|Kulon-Pazeh (or Pazeh-Kaxabu, Kahabu, Kulun)]]''' [uun]
 +
**** ''Kulon (or Kulun) (†)''
 +
**** ''Pazeh (or Pazéh, Pazih) (†)''
 +
**** ''Kahabu (or Kaxabu)''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Xsy|Saisiyat (or Saisiat, Saiset)]]''' [xsy]
 +
**** ''Taai (or North Saiset)''
 +
**** ''Tungho (or south Saiset)''
 +
** ''Atayalic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Trv|Seediq (or Truku)]]''' [trv]
 +
**** ''Tekedaya (or Paran)''
 +
**** ''Teruku''
 +
**** ''Te’uda''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Tay|Atayal]]''' [tay]
 +
**** ''C’uli’ (or Ts’ole’) Atayal''
 +
***** ''Skikun (of Mnibuʔ)''
 +
***** ''Mnawyan''
 +
***** ''Mayrinax'' (includes female and male registers)
 +
***** ''Mabatuʔan''
 +
***** ''Matabalay''
 +
***** ''Sakuxan''
 +
***** ''Palŋawan''
 +
***** ''Mkgugut''
 +
***** ''Pyahaw''
 +
***** ''Ryuhiŋ''
 +
***** ''Mtlaŋan''
 +
***** ''Knŋyan''
 +
**** ''Sqoleq (or Squliq) Atayal''
 +
***** ''Squliq''
 +
***** ''Maspaziʔ''
 +
***** ''Pyanan''
 +
***** ''Lmuan''
 +
***** ''Habun Bazinuq''
 +
***** ''Syanuh''
 +
***** ''Kulu''
 +
***** ''Ŋŋupa''
 +
***** ''Haga-Paris''
 +
***** ''Kubaboo''
 +
***** ''Rghayuŋ''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
; <span id="Malayo-Polynesian">''[[:Category:Malayo-Polynesian languages|Malayo-Polynesian languages]]:''</span>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Enggano [eno]
 +
* Nasal [nsy]
 +
* Palauan [pau]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Ch|Chamorro]]''' [ch]
 +
** ''Nuclear Chamorro''
 +
** ''Rotanese Chamorro''
 +
* ''[[:Category:Philippine languages|Philippine languages]]'' <small>([[#Philippine|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''[[:Category:Basap-Greater Barito languages|Basap-Greater Barito languages]]'' <small>([[#Basap-Greater-Barito|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Celebic languages'' <small>([[#Celebic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Javanesic languages'' <small>([[#Javanesic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Lampungic languages'' <small>([[#Lampungic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Land Dayak languages'' <small>([[#Land-Dayak|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Malayo-Sumbawan languages'' <small>([[#Malayo-Sumbawan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Minahasan languages'' <small>([[#Minahasan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Moken-Moklen languages'' <small>([[#Moken-Moklen|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''North Borneo Malayo-Polynesian languages'' <small>([[#North-Borneo-Malayo-Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''North Mangyan languages'' <small>([[#North-Mangyan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands languages'' <small>([[#Northwest-Sumatra-Barrier-Islands|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Sangiric languages'' <small>([[#Sangiric|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''South Sulawesi languages'' <small>([[#South-Sulawesi|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages''
 +
** ''[[:Category:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages|Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages]]'' <small>([[#Eastern-Malayo-Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''[[:Category:Central Malayo-Polynesian languages|Central Malayo-Polynesian languages]]'' <small>([[#Central-Malayo-Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Philippine">▸ '''''[[:Category:Philippine languages|Philippine languages]]:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Northern Luzon languages'' <small>([[#Northern-Luzon|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Central Luzon languages'' <small>([[#Central-Luzon|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Greater Central Philippine languages'' <small>([[#Greater-Central-Philippine|see below]])</small>
 +
* Ati [atk]
 +
** ''Barotac Viejo Nagpana''
 +
** ''Malay (Ati)''
 +
* ''Kalamian languages''
 +
** Agutaynen [agn]
 +
** Calamian Tagbanwa [tbk]
 +
*** ''Baras (Philipinnes)''
 +
* ''Batanic languages''
 +
** Ibatan (or Ivatan) [ivb]
 +
*** ''Babuyan''
 +
*** ''Basco Ivatan''
 +
*** ''Southern Ivatan''
 +
** ''Yami-Itbayat languages''
 +
*** Itbayat [ivv]
 +
*** Yami (or Tao) (Taiwan) [tao]
 +
* ''Bilic languages''
 +
** Giangan (or Atto, Bagaba, Bagobo, Bakhtiari, Clata, Eto) [bgi]
 +
** Tiruray [tiy]
 +
** ''Tboli-Blaan languages''
 +
*** Tboli [tbl]
 +
**** ''Central Tboli''
 +
**** ''Southern Tboli''
 +
**** ''Western Tboli''
 +
*** ''Blaan languages''
 +
**** Koronadal Blaan [bpr]
 +
**** Sarangani Blaan [bps]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Northern-Luzon">▸ '''''Northern Luzon languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Arta [atz]
 +
* Dicamay Agta (†) [duy]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Ilo|Iloko (or Ilokan, Ilokano, Ilocano, Ilocana)]]''' [ilo]
 +
* ''Meso-Cordilleran languages'' <small>([[#Meso-Cordilleran|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Cagayan Valley languages'' <small>([[#Cagayan-Valley|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Northeastern Luzon languages''
 +
** Dupaninan Agta (or Eastern Cagayan Agta) [duo]
 +
*** ''Barongagunay''
 +
*** ''Bolos Point''
 +
*** ''Camonayan''
 +
*** ''Palaui Island''
 +
*** ''Peñablanca''
 +
*** ''Roso''
 +
*** ''Santa Ana-Gonzaga''
 +
*** ''Santa Margarita''
 +
*** ''Tanglagan''
 +
*** ''Valley Cove''
 +
*** ''Yaga''
 +
** ''Nuclear Northeastern Luzon languages''
 +
*** Casiguran-Nagtipunan Agta (or Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Baler Dumagat, Casiguran) [dgc]
 +
*** ''Paranan-Pahanan languages''
 +
**** Agta-Pahanan [apf]
 +
**** Paranan [prf]
 +
***** ''Palanan Dumagat''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Cagayan-Valley">▸ '''''Cagayan Valley languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Isnag (or Dibagat-Kabugao-Isneg, Isneg, Maragat) [isd]
 +
** ''Bayag''
 +
** ''Calanasan''
 +
** ''Dibagat-Kabugao''
 +
** ''Karagawan (or Daragawan)''
 +
** ''Talifugu-Ripang (or Tawini)''
 +
* ''Ibanagic languages''
 +
** Malaweg [?]
 +
** Adasen (or Addasen, Addasen Tinguian, Adasen Itneg) [tiu]
 +
*** ''Eastern Addasen''
 +
*** ''Western Addasen''
 +
** Ibanag (or Ybanag) [ibg]
 +
*** ''North Ibanag''
 +
*** ''South Ibanag''
 +
** ''Atta languages''
 +
*** Faire Atta (or Southern Atta) [azt]
 +
*** Pamplona Atta (or Northern Cagayan Negrito) [att]
 +
*** Pudtol Atta [atp]
 +
** ''Gaddangic languages''
 +
*** Central Cagayan Agta (or Central Cagayan) [agt]
 +
*** Itawit (Tawit, Itawis, Itawes) [itv]
 +
*** Yogad [yog]
 +
*** ''Cagayan-Baliwon Gaddang languages''
 +
**** Ga’dang (or Baliwon, Ga'dang, Ginabwal) [gdg]
 +
**** Gaddang (or Pagsasao Cagayan, Pagsasao) [gad]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Meso-Cordilleran">▸ '''''Meso-Cordilleran languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Northern Alta (Ditaylin Alta, Ditaylin Dumagat, Baler Negrito, Edimala) [aqn]
 +
* Southern Alta (Kabuluwen, Kabuluen, Kabuluwan, Kabulowan, Kaboloan, Baluga, Ita, Pugot) [agy]
 +
* ''South-Central Cordilleran languages''
 +
** ''Central Cordilleran languages''
 +
*** Isinai (or Isinay, Isnay, Insinai, Inmeas) [inn]
 +
*** ''North Central Cordilleran languages''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Cordilleran languages'' <small>([[#Nuclear-Cordilleran|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Kalinga-Itneg languages'' <small>([[#Kalinga-Itneg|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Southern Cordilleran languages''
 +
*** Ilongot (or Lingotes, Bukalot, Bugkalut) [ilk]
 +
**** ''Abaka''
 +
**** ''Ibalao''
 +
**** ''Egongot''
 +
**** ''Iyongut''
 +
**** ''Italon''
 +
*** ''West Southern Cordilleran languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Pag|Pangasinan (or Salitan Pangasinan, Yinaknan)]]''' [pag]
 +
**** ''Nuclear Southern Cordilleran languages''
 +
***** I-Wak (or Iwaak) [iwk]
 +
***** Karao (or Karaw) [kyj]
 +
***** Ibaloi (or Ibaloy, Ibadoy, Inibaloi, Nabaloi, Benguet-Igorot, Igodor) [ibl]
 +
****** ''Bokod''
 +
****** ''Daklan''
 +
****** ''Kabayan''
 +
***** ''Kalanguya languages''
 +
****** Ahin-Kayapa Kalanguya [kak]
 +
******* ''Kayapa Kallahan''
 +
******* ''Tinoc Kallahan''
 +
****** Keley-i Kallahan (or Keley-I Kalanguya, Keley-I, Keleyqiq Ifugao, Antipolo Ifugao, Hanalulo)  [ify]
 +
******* ''Bayninan''
 +
******* ''Ya-Tuka''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Nuclear-Cordilleran">▸ '''''Nuclear-Cordilleran languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Balangao (or Balangao Bontoc, Balangaw, Farangao) [blw]
 +
* ''Ifugaw (or Ifugao, Ifugu) languages''
 +
** Amganad Ifugao (or Amganad) [ifa]
 +
*** ''Banaue Ifugao''
 +
*** ''Burnay Ifugao''
 +
** Tuwali Ifugao [ifk]
 +
*** ''Hapao Ifugao''
 +
*** ''Hungduan Ifugao''
 +
*** ''Lagawe Ifugao''
 +
** ''Batad-Mayoyao languages''
 +
*** Mayoyao Ifugao (or Mayoyao, Mayaoyaw) [ifu]
 +
*** Batad Ifugao (or Batad) [ifb]
 +
**** ''Ayangan Ifugao''
 +
**** ''Ducligan Ifugao''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Batad Ifugao''
 +
* ''Bontok-Kankanay languages''
 +
** Bontok [bnc] macrolanguage
 +
*** Northern Bontok (or Sadanga Bontok) [rbk]
 +
*** Southwestern Bontok [vbk]
 +
**** ''Ina-ab (or Alab Bontok)''
 +
**** ''Binalili (or Balili Bontok)''
 +
**** ''Ginonogon (or Gonogon Bontok)''
 +
*** Central Bontok (or Central Bontoc) [lbk]
 +
**** ''Bayyu''
 +
**** ''Guinaang Bontok (or Guinaang Bontoc)''
 +
**** ''Sadanga''
 +
*** ''Finallig languages'' [bkb] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
**** Southern Bontok [obk]
 +
***** ''Can-eo''
 +
***** ''Talubin''
 +
***** '' Bayyo''
 +
****  Eastern Bontok [ebk]
 +
***** ''Linias (or Lias)''
 +
***** ''Kenachakran-Finallig (or Kadaklan-Barlig)''
 +
****** ''Kenachakran  (or Kadaklan)''
 +
****** ''Finallig (or Barlig)''
 +
** ''Kankanay languages''
 +
*** Kankanaey (or Central Kankana-ey, Kankanai, Kankanay) [kne]
 +
**** ''Bakun-Kibungan''
 +
**** ''Guinzadan''
 +
**** ''Kapangan''
 +
**** ''Mankayan-Buguias''
 +
*** ''Maeng-Northern Kankanay languages''
 +
**** Maeng Itneg (or Luba-Tiempo Itneg, Southern Itneg) [itt]
 +
**** Northern Kankanay (or Sagada Igorot, Western Bontoc) [xnn]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Kalinga-Itneg">▸ '''''Kalinga-Itneg languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Itneg (or Timggian, Tingguian, Tinguian) languages''
 +
** Binongan Itneg [itb]
 +
** Inlaod Itneg [iti]
 +
* ''Kalinga languages''
 +
** ''Masadiit languages''
 +
*** Moyadan Itneg [ity]
 +
*** Masadiit Itneg [tis]
 +
**** ''Masadiit Boliney''
 +
**** ''Masadiit Sallapadan''
 +
** ''Northern Kalinga languages''
 +
*** Limos Kalinga (or Limos-Liwan Kalinga, Northern Kalinga) [kmk]
 +
*** ''Northwest Kalinga languages''
 +
**** Mabaka Valley Kalinga (or Mabaka Itneg, Mabaka, Kal-Uwan) [kkg]
 +
**** Banao Itneg [bjx]
 +
***** ''Banao Pikekj''
 +
***** ''Gubang Itneg''
 +
***** ''Malibcong Banao''
 +
** ''Central and South Kalinga languages''
 +
*** Lubuagan Kalinga [knb]
 +
**** ''Ableg-Salegseg''
 +
**** ''Balatok-Kalinga''
 +
**** ''Balbalasang''
 +
**** ''Guinaang''
 +
**** ''Lubuagan''
 +
*** ''South Kalinga languages''
 +
**** Butbut Kalinga [kyb]
 +
**** Bangad (or Southern Kalinga, Tinglayan Kalinga) [ksc]
 +
***** ''Mallango''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Bangad''
 +
***** ''Sumadel''
 +
***** ''Tinglayan''
 +
**** ''Southeastern Kalinga languages''
 +
***** Madukayang Kalinga (or Majukayong) [kmd]
 +
***** Tanudan Kalinga (or Lower Tanudan Kalinga) [kml]
 +
****** ''Minangali''
 +
****** ''Pinangol''
 +
****** ''Tinaloctoc''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Luzon">▸ '''''Central Luzon languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Hatang Kayi (or Remontado Agta, Hatang-Kayey, Sinauna) [agv]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Pam|Pampangan (or Kapampangan, Pampanga, Pampango, Pampangueño)]]'''
 +
* ''Sambalic languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Abc|Ambala Ayta (or Ambala Agta, Ambala Sambal)]]''' [abc] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
** Bataan Ayta (or Mariveles Ayta, Bataan Sambal) [ayt]
 +
** ''Mag-Ayta languages''
 +
*** Mag-Anchi Ayta (or Mag-Anchi Sambal) [sgb]
 +
*** Mag-Indi Ayta (or Mag-Indi Sambal, Indi Ayta, Baloga, Biloxi) [blx]
 +
** ''Abellen-Botolan languages''
 +
*** Abenlen Ayta (or Ayta Abenlen Sambal, Aburlin Negrito) [abp]
 +
*** Botolan Sambal (or Aeta Negrito) [sbl]
 +
**** ''Ayta Hambali''
 +
**** ''Sambali Botolan (or Botolan Zambal)''
 +
** ''Tina-Bolinao languages''
 +
*** Bolinao (or Binobolinao, Bolinao Sambal, Bolinao Zambal) [smk]
 +
*** Tinà Sambal (or Tina, Sambali) [xsb]
 +
**** ''Iba''
 +
**** ''Masinloc''
 +
**** ''Santa Cruz (Tina Sambal)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Greater-Central-Philippine">▸ '''''Greater Central Philippine languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Gorontalo-Mongondow languages'' <small>([[#Gorontalo-Mongondow|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Central Philippine languages'' <small>([[#Central-Philippine|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Palawanic languages'' <small>([[#Palawanic|see below]])</small>
 +
* Umiray Dumaget Agta [due]
 +
** ''Anglat Agta''
 +
** ''Palaui Island Agta''
 +
* ''Danaw languages''
 +
** Iranun [ill]
 +
** Maranao [mrw]
 +
** Maguindanao (or Magindanaw) [mdh]
 +
*** ''Biwangan''
 +
*** ''Ilud''
 +
*** ''Laya''
 +
*** ''Sibugay''
 +
*** ''Tagakawanan''
 +
* ''South Mangyan languages''
 +
** Hanunoo (or Hanunó’o) [hnn]
 +
*** ''Binli''
 +
*** ''Kagankan''
 +
*** ''Waigan''
 +
*** ''Wawan''
 +
** ''Buhid-Taubuid languages''
 +
*** Buhid (or Bukil, Bangon) [bku]
 +
*** ''Batangan languages''
 +
**** Eastern Tawbuid [bnj]
 +
**** Western Tawbuid [twb]
 +
* ''Manobo languages''
 +
** ''North Manobo languages''
 +
*** Kagayanen (or Cagayano Cillo) [cgc]
 +
*** ''Kinamiguin-Bukidnon languages''
 +
** ''Central and Southern Manobo languages''
 +
*** Cinamiguin Manobo (or Kamigin, Kinamigin) [mkx]
 +
*** ''Bukidnon languages''
 +
**** Higaonon (or Misamis Higaonon Manobo) [mba]
 +
**** Talaandig-Binukid (or Binokid, Binukid, Binukid Manobo, Bukidnon, Talaandig) [bkd]
 +
* ''Subanen languages''
 +
** ''Western Subanen languages''
 +
*** Kolibugan Subanon (or Kalibugan, Calibugan) [skn]
 +
*** Western Subanon (or Siocon) [suc]
 +
**** ''Western Kolibugan''
 +
** ''Nuclear Subanen languages''
 +
*** Lapuyan Subanun (or Margosatubig) [laa]
 +
*** ''East Nuclear Subanen languages''
 +
**** Eastern Subanen [sfe]
 +
**** Central Subanen (or Sindangan Subanun) [syb]
 +
***** ''Eastern Kolibugan''
 +
**** Northern Subanen (or Tuboy Subanon) [stb]
 +
***** ''Dapitan''
 +
***** ''Dikayu''
 +
***** ''Salog''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Gorontalo-Mongondow">▸ '''''Gorontalo-Mongondow languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Mongondowic languages''
 +
** Ponosakan (or Ponasakan) [pns]
 +
** Mongondow (or Bola’ang-Mongodow, Minahassa) [mog]
 +
*** ''Dumoga''
 +
*** ''Lolayan''
 +
*** ''Pasia (Indonesia)''
 +
* ''Gorontalic languages''
 +
** Bintauna [bne]
 +
** Buol (or Bwo’ol, Bual, Dia) [blf]
 +
** Lolak [llq]
 +
** Bolango (or Bulanga, Bulanga-Uki, Diu) [bld]
 +
*** ''Atinggola''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Bolango''
 +
** Gorontalo (or Hulontalo) [gor]
 +
*** ''East Gorontalo''
 +
*** ''Gorontalo Kota''
 +
*** ''Limboto''
 +
*** ''Tilamuta''
 +
*** ''West Gorontalo''
 +
** Kaidipang (or Kaidipan, Dio) [kzp]
 +
*** ''Bolaang Itang''
 +
*** ''Kaidipan''
 +
** Suwawa [swu]
 +
*** ''Bunda''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Philippine">▸ '''''Central Philippine languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Bikol languages'' <small>([[#Bikol|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Bisayan languages'' <small>([[#Bisayan|see below]])</small>
 +
* Mamanwa (or Mamanwa Negrito, Minamanwa) [mmm]
 +
* ''Alabat-Manide Agta languages''
 +
** Alabat Island Agta (or Alabat Island Dumagat) [dul]
 +
** Camarines Norte Agta (or Agiyan, Manide) [abd]
 +
* ''Tagalogic languages''
 +
** Kasiguranin (or Casiguranin) [ksn]
 +
** ''Tagalog-Filipino languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Fil|Filipino (or Pilipino)]]''' [fil]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Tl|Tagalog]]''' [tl]
 +
**** ''Bataan''
 +
**** ''Batangas''
 +
**** ''Bulacan''
 +
**** ''Lubang''
 +
**** ''Manila''
 +
**** ''Marinduque''
 +
**** ''Tanay-Paete''
 +
**** ''Tayabas''
 +
* ''Mansakan languages''
 +
** Davawenyo (or Davaoeño, Davaweño, Matino) [daw]
 +
** Kamayo [kyk]
 +
*** ''North Kamayo''
 +
*** ''South Kamayo''
 +
** ''Eastern Mansakan languages''
 +
*** Mandaya (or Carraga Mandaya, Karaga Mandaya, Manay Mandayan, Mangaragan Mandaya) [mry]
 +
*** Mansaka (or Mandaya Mansaka) [msk]
 +
** ''Western Mansakan languages''
 +
*** Tagakaulu Kalagan (or Tagakaolo) [klg]
 +
*** ''Kagan-Kalagan languages''
 +
**** Kagan Kalagan (or Kaagan) [kll]
 +
**** Kalagan [kqe]
 +
***** ''Isamal''
 +
***** ''Lactan''
 +
***** ''Piso''
 +
***** ''Tumuaong''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Bikol">▸ '''''Bikol languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Northern Catanduanes Bikol [cts]
 +
* ''Coastal Bikol (or Northern Bikol, Naga-Legazpi) languages''
 +
** Isarog Agta (or Inagta Partido) [agk]
 +
** Mount Iraya Agta (or Itbeg Rugnot, Lake Buhi East) [atl]
 +
** ''Naga Bikol languages''
 +
*** San Pascual Bikol (Northern Burias Island Bikol)
 +
*** Virac (or Virac Coastal Bikol) [bln]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Bcl|Central Bikol (or Naga Coastal Bikol)]]''' [bcl]
 +
**** ''Daet''
 +
**** ''Naga City (or Canaman, Standard Bikol)''
 +
**** ''Partido''
 +
**** ''Tabaco-Legazpi-Sorsogon (or Southern Catanduanes Bikol, Caramoran Bikol, North Sorsogon Bikol)''
 +
* ''Inland Bikol (or Southern Bikol) languages'''
 +
** Mount Iriga Agta (†)
 +
** '''[[Portal:Bto|Iriga Bikol (or Rinconada Bikol)]]''' [bto]
 +
** ''Albay Bicolano (or Albay Bicolano, Inland-Buhi-Daraga Bikol) languages'' [bhk] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** Buhi'non Bikol [ubl]
 +
*** Libon Bikol [lbl]
 +
*** West Albay Bikol [fbl]
 +
*** Miraya Bikol [rbl]
 +
**** ''Oas (or Ligao, West Miraya)''
 +
**** ''Daraga (East Miraya)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Bisayan">▸ '''''Bisayan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central Bisayan languages'' <small>([[#Central-Bisayan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''West Bisayan languages'' <small>([[#West-Bisayan|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Negrosanon languages''
 +
** Northern Binukidnon (or Karolanos) [kyn]
 +
** Southern Binukidnon (or Ata-Man, Magahat) [mtw]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Ceb|Cebuano]]''' [ceb]
 +
** ''Boholano''
 +
** ''Cebu''
 +
** ''Leyte''
 +
** ''Mindanao Visayan''
 +
* Bantoanon (or Asiq) [bno]
 +
** ''Banton''
 +
** ''Calatravanhon''
 +
** ''Odionganon''
 +
** ''Sibalenhon''
 +
** ''Simaranhon''
 +
* ''South Bisayan languages''
 +
** ''Butuan-Tausug languages''
 +
*** Butuanon [btw]
 +
*** Tausug (or Sinug Tausug, Taw Sug, Tausog, Suluk, Sooloo, Sulu, Joloano Sulu, Moro Joloano, Jolohano) [tsg]
 +
** ''Surigao languages''
 +
*** Tandaganon [tgn]
 +
**** ''Naturalis''
 +
*** Surigaonon [sgd]
 +
**** ''Cantilan''
 +
**** ''Jaun-Jaun''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Surigaonon''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Bisayan">▸ '''''Central Bisayan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Romblomanon [rol]
 +
** ''Basiq''
 +
** ''Romblon''
 +
** ''Sibuyan''
 +
* ''Warayan languages''
 +
** Waray Sorsogon (or Southern Sorgoson, Gubat) [srv]
 +
** ''Samar-Waray languages''
 +
*** Baybayanon [bvy]
 +
*** Kinabalian [cbw]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:War|Waray-Waray (or Winaray)]]''' [war]
 +
**** ''Northern Samar''
 +
**** ''Samar-Leyte''
 +
**** ''Waray (Philippines)''
 +
* ''Peripheral Central Bisayan languages''
 +
** Bantayanon [bfx]
 +
** Porohanon (or Camotes) [prh]
 +
** ''Masbate-Sorsogon languages''
 +
*** Masbatenyo (or Masbateño, Minasbate) [msb]
 +
*** Masbate Sorsogon (or Northern Sorsogon) [bks]
 +
** ''Capiznon-Ilonggo-Kawayan languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Cps|Capiznon (or Capisano, Capiseño)]]''' [cps]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Hil|Hiligaynon (or Hiligainon, Hiligaynon, Illogo, Ilonggo)]]''' [hil]
 +
**** ''Bantayan''
 +
**** ''Kari (Austronesian)''
 +
**** ''Kawayan''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Hiligaynon''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="West-Bisayan">▸ '''''West Bisayan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Inonhan [loc]
 +
** ''Alcantaranon''
 +
** ''Bulalakaw''
 +
** ''Dispoholnon''
 +
** ''Looknon''
 +
* ''Aklan languages''
 +
** Aklanon (or Aklan, Aklano, Panay) [akl]
 +
** Malaynon [mlz]
 +
* ''Kinarayan languages''
 +
** Sulod (or Bukidnon, Mondo) [srg]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Krj|Kinaray-a]]''' [krj]
 +
*** ''Anini-Y''
 +
*** ''Guimaras Island''
 +
*** ''Hamtik''
 +
*** ''Lambunao''
 +
*** ''Miag-Ao''
 +
*** ''Pandan''
 +
*** ''Pototan''
 +
* ''Kuyan languages''
 +
** Cuyonon (or Kuyonon, Kuyunon, Cuyono, Cuyo) [cyo]
 +
** Datagnon-Santa Teresa-Semirara languages''
 +
*** Caluyanun (or Caluyanen, Caluyanhon) [clu]
 +
**** ''Semirara''
 +
*** Ratagnon [btn]
 +
**** ''Santa Teresa''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Ratagnon (or Datagnon, Latagnun, Latan, Lactan, Aradigi)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Palawanic">▸ '''''Palawanic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Northern Palawanic languages''
 +
** Tagbanwa [tbw]
 +
** ''Batak-Central Tagbanwa languages''
 +
*** Batak (or Bataco, Palawan Batak, Babuyan, Tinitianes) [bya]
 +
*** Central Tagbanwa (or Totonacano de Ozumatlán, Totonaque d'Ozomatlán) [tgt]
 +
* ''Southern Palawanic languages''
 +
** Taut Batu [?]
 +
** ''Molbog-Palawan languages''
 +
*** Molbog (or Molbog Palawan) [pwm]
 +
*** ''Nuclear Palawan (or Palawanen, Palawanun, Palawano, Palaweño) languages''
 +
**** Central Palawano (or Quezon Palawano) [plc]
 +
**** ''Brooke-Canipaan Palawan languages''
 +
***** Southwest Palawano (or Canipaan Palawan) [plv]
 +
***** Brooke's Point Palawano [plw]
 +
****** ''South Palawano''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Celebic">▸ '''''Celebic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Javanesic">▸ '''''Javanesic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Kawi (†) [kaw]
 +
* ''Modern Javanese languages''
 +
** New Caledonian Javanese [jas]
 +
** Osing [osi]
 +
** Tengger [tes]
 +
** Caribbean Javanese [jvn]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Jv|Javanese]]''' [jv]
 +
*** ''Jawa Halus''
 +
*** ''West Javanese''
 +
**** ''Banten (West Javanese)''
 +
**** ''Cirebon Javanese''
 +
**** ''Indramayu''
 +
*** ''East Javanese''
 +
**** ''Jombang''
 +
**** ''Arekan''
 +
***** ''Malang-Pasuruan''
 +
***** ''Surabaya''
 +
*** ''Central Javanese''
 +
**** ''Bagelen''
 +
**** '''''[[Portal:Map-bms|Banyumas (or Basa Banyumasan)]]''''' [map-bms]
 +
**** ''Blora''
 +
**** ''Eastern North-Coast Javanese''
 +
**** ''Kedu''
 +
**** ''Madiunan''
 +
**** ''Mataraman''
 +
**** ''Semarang (Central Javanese)''
 +
**** ''Solo''
 +
**** ''Pesisir Lor''
 +
***** ''Pekalongan''
 +
***** ''Pemalang''
 +
***** ''Tegal''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Lampungic">▸ '''''Lampungic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Land-Dayak">▸ '''''Land Dayak languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Malayo-Sumbawan">▸ '''''Malayo-Sumbawan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Sundanese-Banui languages''
 +
** Badui [bac]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Su|Sundanese]]''' [su]
 +
* ''Maduresic languages''
 +
** Kangean [kkv]
 +
** '''[[Portal:Mad|Madurese]]''' [mad] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** ''Bangkalan''
 +
*** ''Bawean''
 +
*** ''Pamekesan''
 +
*** ''Sampang (Indonesia)''
 +
*** ''Sapudi''
 +
*** ''Sumenep''
 +
* ''North and East Malayo-Sumbawan languages''
 +
** ''Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Ban|Balinese]]''' [ban]
 +
** ''Aceh-Chamic languages''
 +
*** ''Aceh languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Ace|Acehnese (or Achinese, Achehnese)]]
 +
*** ''Chamic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Cja|Western Cham]]''' [cja]
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Cjm|Eastern Cham]]''' [cjm]
 +
** ''Malayic (or Malay) languages''
 +
*** ''Vehicular Malay languages'' <small>([[#Vehicular-Malay|see below]])</small>
 +
*** ''Western Malayic Dayak languages''
 +
**** Keninjal [knl]
 +
**** Kendayan [knx]
 +
***** ''Ambawang''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Kendayan''
 +
**** Malayic Dayak [xdy]
 +
***** ''Arut''
 +
***** ''Banana’''
 +
***** ''Belantikan''
 +
***** ''Delang''
 +
***** ''Kayung''
 +
***** ''Lamandau''
 +
***** ''Mentebah-Suruk''
 +
***** ''Riam''
 +
***** ''Semitau''
 +
***** ''Suhaid''
 +
***** ''Sukamara''
 +
***** ''Tapitn''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Malayic languages''
 +
**** Menterap [?]
 +
**** Gorap [goq]
 +
**** ''Borneo Malay languages'' <small>([[#Borneo-Malay|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Ibanic languages'' <small>([[#Ibanic|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Indonesian Archipelago Malay languages'' <small>([[#Indonesian-Archipelago-Malay|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Middle Sumatra Malay languages'' <small>([[#Middle-Sumatra-Malay|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Minangkabauic languages'' <small>([[#Minangkabauic|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Singapore Archipelago Malay languages'' <small>([[#Singapore-Archipelago-Malay|see below]])</small>
 +
**** ''Betawic languages''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Bew|Betawi]]''' [bew]
 +
***** Cocos Islands Malay [coa]
 +
***** Peranakan Indonesian [pea]
 +
**** Kerinci [kvr]
 +
***** ''Akit''
 +
***** ''Mamaq''
 +
***** ''Sakei''
 +
***** ''Talang''
 +
***** ''Ulu (Kerinci)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Vehicular-Malay">▸ '''''Vehicular Malay languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Borneo-Malay">▸ '''''Borneo-Malay languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Brunei-Bacan Malay languages''
 +
** Bacanese Malay [btj]
 +
** Brunei-Sabah Malay [msi]
 +
* ''Southeast Borneo Malay languages''
 +
** ''East Borneo Malay languages''
 +
*** Kota Bangun Kutai Malay [mqg]
 +
*** ''Banjar-Berau-Brunei Malay languages''
 +
**** ''Banjar-Bukit Malay languages''
 +
***** Bukit Malay [bvu]
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Bjn|Banjar (or Bahasa Banjar)]]''' [bjn]
 +
****** ''Hulu''
 +
****** ''Kuala''
 +
**** ''Berau-Brunei Malay languages''
 +
***** Berau Malay [bve]
 +
***** Brunei [kxd]
 +
****** ''Brunei Malay''
 +
****** ''Kampong Ayer''
 +
****** ''Kedayan''
 +
** Tenggarong Kutai Malay [vkt]
 +
*** ''Ancalong Kutai''
 +
*** ''Northern Kutai
 +
*** ''Tenggarong Kutai''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Ibanic">▸ '''''Ibanic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Mualang [mtd]
 +
* Remun (or Milikin) [lkj]
 +
* Seberuang [sbx]
 +
* Sebuyau [sbn]
 +
* Iban [iba]
 +
** ''Batang Lupar''
 +
** ''Bugau''
 +
** ''Dau''
 +
** ''Lemanak''
 +
** ''Skrang''
 +
** ''Ulu Ai''
 +
** ''Undup''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Indonesian-Archipelago-Malay">▸ '''''Indonesian-Archipelago-Malay:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Balinese Malay [mhp]
 +
* Duano [dup]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Ms|Malay]]''' [ms]
 +
* ''Bangka-Belitung Malay languages''
 +
** Bangka [mfb]
 +
** Loncong [lce]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Id|Indonesian]]''' [id]
 +
** ''Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian''
 +
** ''Standard Indonesian''
 +
* Jambi Malay [jax]
 +
** ''Ilir''
 +
** ''Suku Batin''
 +
** ''Ulu (Jambi Malay)''
 +
* Kubu [kvb]
 +
** ''Bajat''
 +
** ''Dawas''
 +
** ''Djambi''
 +
** ''Lalang''
 +
** ''Nomadic Kubu''
 +
** ''Ridan''
 +
** ''Supat''
 +
** ''Tungkal''
 +
** ''Tungkal Ilir''
 +
** ''Ulu Lako''
 +
* Musi [mui]
 +
** ''Sekayu Malay''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Middle-Sumatra-Malay">▸ '''''Middle Sumatra Malay languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Central Malay (or Pasemah, Benkulu, Enim, Lintang, Ogan, Semendo, Serawai) [pse]
 +
* Haji [hji]
 +
* Kaur (or Bintuhan, Mulak) [vkk]
 +
* Col [liw]
 +
** ''Lembak Bliti''
 +
** ''Lembak Sindang''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Minangkabauic">▸ '''''Minangkabauic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Lubu [lcf]
 +
* Negeri Sembilan Malay [zmi]
 +
* Pekal [pel]
 +
* '''[[Portal:Min|Minangkabau]]''' [min]
 +
** ''Agam''
 +
** ''Aneuk Jamee''
 +
** ''Batu Sangkar-Pariangan''
 +
** ''Kerinci-Minangkabau''
 +
** ''Orang Mamak''
 +
** ''Pajokumbuh''
 +
** ''Penghulu''
 +
** ''Si Junjung''
 +
** ''Singkarak''
 +
** ''Tanah''
 +
** ''Ulu''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Singapore-Archipelago-Malay">▸ '''''Singapore Archipelago Malay languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Minahasan">▸ '''''Minahasan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Moken-Moklen">▸ '''''Moken-Moklen languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="North-Borneo-Malayo-Polynesian">▸ '''''North Borneo Malayo-Polynesian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Sabahan languages''
 +
** ''Dusunic languages''
 +
*** ''Dusun languages''
 +
**** ''Central Dusun languages''
 +
***** '''[[Portal:Dtp|Central Dusun]]''' [dtp]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="North-Mangyan">▸ '''''North Mangyan languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Northwest-Sumatra-Barrier-Islands">▸ '''''Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Batakic languages''
 +
** ''Northern Batak languages''
 +
*** Batak Dairi [btd]
 +
*** Batak Alas-Kluet [btz]
 +
**** ''Alas''
 +
*** Batak Karo [btx]
 +
**** ''Singkil''
 +
** ''Southern Batak languages''
 +
*** Batak Simalungun [bts]
 +
*** ''Tobaic languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Bbc|Batak Toba]]''' [bbc]
 +
**** ''Angkola-Mandailing languages''
 +
***** Batak Angkola [akb]
 +
***** Batak Mandailing [btm]
 +
* Gayo [gay]
 +
** ''Bobasan''
 +
** ''Dorot''
 +
** ''Serbodjadi''
 +
** ''Tampur''
 +
* ''Nuclear Barrier Islands languages''
 +
** Simeulue [smr]
 +
** ''Mentawai-Nias-Sikule languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Mwv|Mentawai]]''' [mwv]
 +
**** ''North Siberut''
 +
**** ''Pagai''
 +
**** ''Sakalagan''
 +
**** ''Saumanganja''
 +
**** ''Silabu''
 +
**** ''Simalegi''
 +
**** ''Sipura''
 +
**** ''South Siberut''
 +
**** ''Taikaku''
 +
*** ''Nias-Sikule languages''
 +
**** Nias [nia]
 +
***** ''Batu (Indonesia)''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Nias''
 +
**** Sikule [skh]
 +
***** ''Lekon''
 +
***** ''Tapah''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Sangiric">▸ '''''Sangiric languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Northern Sangiric languages''
 +
** ''Sangil-Sangir languages''
 +
*** Sangil [snl]
 +
**** ''Mindanao''
 +
**** ''Sarangani''
 +
*** Sangir [sxn]
 +
**** ''Manganitu''
 +
**** ''North Tabukang''
 +
**** ''Siau (Sangir)''
 +
**** ''South Tabukang''
 +
**** ''Tamako''
 +
** Talaud [tld]
 +
*** ''Arangka’a''
 +
*** ''Awit''
 +
*** ''Beo''
 +
*** ''Dapalan''
 +
*** ''Essang''
 +
*** ''Kaburuang''
 +
*** ''Lirang''
 +
*** ''Nenusa-Maingas''
 +
*** ''South Karakelong''
 +
* ''Southern Sangiric languages''
 +
** Bantik [bnq]
 +
** Ratahan [rth]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="South-Sulawesi">▸ '''''South Sulawesi languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Lemolang [ley]
 +
* ''Makassaric languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Sly|Selayar]]''' [sly]
 +
** ''Konjo languages''
 +
** ''Nuclear Makassaric languages''
 +
* ''Northern South Sulawesi languages''
 +
* ''Seko languages''
 +
* ''Tamanic-Bugis languages''
 +
** ''Bugis languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Bug|Buginese]]''' [bug]
 +
**** ''Barru''
 +
**** ''Bone''
 +
**** ''Camba''
 +
**** ''Luwu''
 +
**** ''Pangkep''
 +
**** ''Pasangkayu''
 +
**** ''Sawitto''
 +
**** ''Sidrap''
 +
**** ''Sinjai''
 +
**** ''Soppeng''
 +
**** ''Wajo''
 +
*** Campalagian [cml]
 +
**** ''Buku''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Campalagian''
 +
** ''Tamanic languages''
 +
*** Taman (Indonesia) [tmn]
 +
*** Embaloh [emb]
 +
**** ''Kalis''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Eastern-Malayo-Polynesian">▸ '''''[[:Category:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages|Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages]]:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages''
 +
** ''Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages'' <small>([[#Greater-South-Halmahera-West-New-Guinea|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages''
 +
*** ''Central-Eastern Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages''
 +
**** ''Remote Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages''
 +
***** ''Admiralty Islands languages'' <small>([[#Admiralty-Islands|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Central Pacific languages'' <small>([[#Central-Pacific|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Southeast Solomonic languages'' <small>([[#Southeast Solomonic|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Southern Melanesian languages'' <small>([[#Southern-Melanesian|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''St. Matthias languages'' <small>([[#St-Matthias|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Temotu languages'' <small>([[#Temotu|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Yapesic languages'' <small>([[#Yapesic|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Micronesian languages'' <small>([[#Micronesian|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''North and Central Vanuatu languages''
 +
****** ''Central Vanuatu languages'' <small>([[#Central-Vanuatu|see below]])</small>
 +
****** ''Northern Vanuatu languages'' <small>([[#Northern-Vanuatu|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Western Oceanic linkage languages''
 +
****** ''Meso Melanesian linkage languages'' <small>([[#Meso-Melanesian-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
****** ''North New Guinea linkage languages'' <small>([[#North-New-Guinea-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
****** ''Papuan Tip linkage languages''
 +
******* ''Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages'' <small>([[#Peripheral-Papuan-Tip-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
******* ''Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages'' <small>([[#Nuclear-Papuan-Tip-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Greater-South-Halmahera-West-New-Guinea">▸ '''''Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Nabi-Irarutu languages''
 +
** Irarutu [irh]
 +
** Nabi [nbn]
 +
* ''South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages''
 +
** ''Cenderawasih Bay languages'' <small>([[#Cenderawasih-Bay|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages'' <small>([[#Raja-Ampat-South-Halmahera|see below]])</small>
 +
** Mor (Mor Islands) [mhz]
 +
** Tandia [tni]
 +
** Waropen [wrp]
 +
*** ''Mo’or''
 +
*** ''Napan''
 +
*** ''Waropen Kai''
 +
** ''Bomberai languages''
 +
*** Arguni [agf]
 +
*** Bedoanas [bed]
 +
*** Erokwanas [erw]
 +
** ''Lower Mamberamo languages''
 +
*** Warembori [wsa]
 +
*** ''Yoke-Pauwi languages''
 +
**** Pauwi (†) [?]
 +
**** Yoke [yki]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Cenderawasih-Bay">▸ '''''Cenderawasih Bay languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Biakic languages'' <small>([[#Biakic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Yapen languages'' <small>([[#Yapen|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Southwest Cenderawasih Bay languages''
 +
** Yeretuar (or Goni, Umar) [gop]
 +
** ''Yaur-Yerisiam languages''
 +
*** Yaur (or Jaur) [jau]
 +
*** Yerisiam (or Iresim) [ire]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Biakic">▸ '''''Biakic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Dusner [dsn]
 +
* Meoswar [mvx]
 +
* ''Biak-Roon languages''
 +
** Roon [rnn]
 +
** Biak [bhw]
 +
*** ''Ariom''
 +
*** ''Bo’o''
 +
*** ''Bosnik''
 +
*** ''Dwar''
 +
*** ''Fairi''
 +
*** ''Jenures''
 +
*** ''Kamer''
 +
*** ''Korido''
 +
*** ''Korim''
 +
*** ''Mandusir''
 +
*** ''Mapia (Biak)''
 +
*** ''Mios Num''
 +
*** ''Mofu (Biak)''
 +
*** ''Monoarfu''
 +
*** ''Opif''
 +
*** ''Padoa''
 +
*** ''Penasifu''
 +
*** ''Rumberpon''
 +
*** ''Samberi''
 +
*** ''Sampori''
 +
*** ''Sorendidori''
 +
*** ''Sorido''
 +
*** ''Sor (Papua, Indonesia)''
 +
*** ''Sundei''
 +
*** ''Vogelkop''
 +
*** ''Wadibu''
 +
*** ''Wardo''
 +
*** ''Wari (Indonesia)''
 +
*** ''Warsa''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Yapen">▸ '''''Yapen languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central-Western Yapen languages''
 +
** ''Ansus-Ambai languages''
 +
*** Ansus [and]
 +
*** Woi [wbw]
 +
*** Ambai [amk]
 +
**** ''Manawi''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Ambai''
 +
**** ''Randawaya''
 +
*** Marau [mvr]
 +
**** ''Warabori''
 +
*** Wandamen [wad]
 +
**** ''Aibondeni''
 +
**** ''Ambumi''
 +
**** ''Bintuni''
 +
**** ''Dasener''
 +
**** ''Wamesa''
 +
**** ''Wasior''
 +
**** ''Windesi''
 +
** ''Central Yapen languages''
 +
*** Munggui (or Natabui) [mth]
 +
*** Papuma [ppm]
 +
*** Pom [pmo]
 +
**** ''Jobi''
 +
*** ''Serui-Busami languages''
 +
**** Busami [bsm]
 +
**** Serui-Laut (or Arui) [seu]
 +
* ''Eastern Yapen languages''
 +
** Kurudu [kjr]
 +
** Wabo [wbb]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Raja Ampat-South-Halmahera">▸ '''''Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* As [asz]
 +
* ''Ambel-Biga languages''
 +
** Biga [bhc]
 +
** Waigeo [wgo]
 +
*** ''Metnyo''
 +
*** ''Metsam''
 +
* Maden (or Palamul, Saparan) [xmx]
 +
** ''Kawait''
 +
* ''Maya-Matbat languages''
 +
** Matbat (or Me) [xmt]
 +
** ''Raja Ampat Maya languages''
 +
*** Batanta (†) [?]
 +
*** Kawe [kgb]
 +
*** Legenyem [lcc]
 +
*** Wauyai [wuy]
 +
*** Misool-Salawati Ma'ya (or Sailolof, Samate) [slz]
 +
**** ''Banlol''
 +
**** ''Batanta Island''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Ma’ya''
 +
* ''South Halmahera languages''
 +
** Gebe [gei]
 +
*** ''Umera''
 +
** ''Central-Eastern South Halmahera languages''
 +
*** Maba (Indonesia) (or Bicoli, Bitjoli) [mqa]
 +
*** Patani [ptn]
 +
*** Buli (Indonesia) [bzq]
 +
**** ''Buli''
 +
**** ''Wayamli''
 +
*** Sawai [szw]
 +
**** ''Faya-Mafa''
 +
**** ''Kobe (Indonesia)''
 +
**** ''Messa-Dote''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Sawai''
 +
**** ''Weda''
 +
** ''East Makian-Gane languages''
 +
*** Gane (or Gani, Giman) [gzn]
 +
*** East Makian (or Taba) [mky]
 +
**** ''Kayoa''
 +
**** ''Nuclear East Makian''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Admiralty-Islands">▸ '''''Admiralty Islands languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Western Admiralty Islands languages''
 +
** Seimat (or Ninigo) [ssg]
 +
** Wuvulu-Aua [wuv]
 +
** ''Anchorite languages (†)''
 +
*** Kaniet (†) [ktk]
 +
*** Kaniet-Dempwolff (†) [?]
 +
* ''Eastern Admiralty Islands languages''
 +
** ''South-East Admiralty languages''
 +
*** Lenkau [ler]
 +
*** Nauna (or Naune) [ncn]
 +
*** Penchal [pek]
 +
*** ''Lou-Paluai languages''
 +
**** Lou [loj]
 +
**** ''Rei''
 +
**** Paluai [blq]
 +
**** ''Baluan''
 +
**** ''Pam''
 +
** ''Manus languages''
 +
*** Pak-Tong [pkg]
 +
**** ''Pak''
 +
**** ''Tong''
 +
*** ''Mokoreng-Loniu languages''
 +
**** Loniu [los]
 +
**** Mokerang [mft]
 +
*** ''East Manus languages''
 +
**** Andra-Hus (or Ahus, Ha’us) [anx]
 +
**** Leipon (or Pityilu, Pitilu) [lek]
 +
**** Ponam [ncc]
 +
**** ''Kurti-Kele-Ere languages''
 +
***** Ere (or E, Nane) [twp]
 +
***** Kele (Papua New Guinea) [sbc]
 +
***** ''Kurti-Elu languages''
 +
****** Elu [elu]
 +
****** Kurti [ktm]
 +
**** ''Koro-Lele-Nali-Titan languages''
 +
***** Titan [ttv]
 +
***** Lele (Papua New Guinea) [lle]
 +
****** ''Sabon''
 +
***** Nali [nss]
 +
****** ''Yiru''
 +
***** ''Manus Koro languages''
 +
****** Lopohan (or Koro) [kxr]
 +
****** Papitalai [pat]
 +
*** ''West Manus languages''
 +
**** ''West Manus I languages''
 +
***** Bipi (or Sisi-Bipi) [biq]
 +
***** Hermit (or Luf, Agomes, Maron) [llf]
 +
***** Nyindrou (or Lindau, Lindrou, Nyadan, Salien) [lid]
 +
****** ''Babon''
 +
***** Sori-Harengan [sbh]
 +
****** ''Harengan''
 +
****** ''Sori''
 +
**** ''West Manus II languages''
 +
***** Likum [lib]
 +
***** Mondropolon [npn]
 +
***** Khehek [tlk]
 +
****** ''Bucho''
 +
****** ''Drehet (or Ndrehet)''
 +
****** ''Levei''
 +
***** Tulu-Bohuai [rak]
 +
****** ''Bohuai (or Pahavai, Pelipowai, Pohuai)''
 +
****** ''Keli''
 +
****** ''Tulu (Papua New Guinea)''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Pacific">▸ '''''Central Pacific languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Rtm|Rotuman (or Rotunan)]]''' [rtm]
 +
* ''West Fijian languages''
 +
** Western Fijian (or Magodro, Nakoroboya, Noikoro, Viti) [wyy]
 +
*** ''Nuclear Western Fijian (or Baaravi, Nadroga, Nadrogaa, Nadronga)''
 +
*** ''Waya (Western Fijian)''
 +
** Namosi-Naitasiri-Serua (or Namosi-Naitaasiri-Seerua) [bwb]
 +
*** ''Batiwai''
 +
*** ''Nalea''
 +
*** ''Tubai''
 +
* ''East Fijian-Polynesian (or Tokelau-Fijian) languages''
 +
** ''Polynesian languages'' <small>([[#Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''East Fijian languages''
 +
*** Gone Dau [goo]
 +
*** Lomaiviti [lmv]
 +
*** Lauan (or Lau) [llx]
 +
**** ''Lau Island Lauan''
 +
**** ''Vanua Balavu Lauan''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Fj|Fijian]]''' [fj]
 +
**** ''Bau (Fijian)''
 +
**** ''Central Vanua Levu''
 +
**** ''Kadavu''
 +
**** ''Northeast Vanua Levu''
 +
**** ''Northeast Viti Levu''
 +
**** ''Southeast Vanua Levu''
 +
**** ''Southeast Viti Levu''
 +
**** ''West Vanua Levu''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Polynesian">▸ '''''Polynesian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Tongic languages''
 +
** '''[[Portal:Niu|Niuean]]''' [niu]
 +
** '''[[Portal:To|Tongan]]''' [to]
 +
* ''Nuclear Polynesian languages''
 +
** Anuta
 +
** East Futuna
 +
** Pukapuka
 +
** Tikopia
 +
** Rennell-Bellona
 +
*** ''Munggava''
 +
*** ''Mungiki''
 +
** ''East Uvean-Niuafo’ou languages''
 +
*** East Uvean
 +
*** Niuafo’ou
 +
*** Niuatoputapu
 +
** Vaeakau-Taumako
 +
*** ''Aua (Pileni)''
 +
*** ''Matema''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Pileni''
 +
*** ''Nukapu''
 +
*** ''Nupani''
 +
*** ''Taumako''
 +
** ''Ellicean languages''
 +
*** ''Samoan-Tokelauan languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Sm|Samoan]]''' [sm]
 +
**** Tokelauan (or Tokelau)
 +
*** Tuvaluan (or Tuvalu)
 +
**** ''North Tuvaluan''
 +
**** ''South Tuvaluan''
 +
** ''Vanuatu-Loyalty Outliers languages''
 +
*** Emae
 +
*** West Uvean
 +
*** ''Mele-Futuna languages''
 +
**** Futuna-Aniwa
 +
***** ''Aniwa''
 +
***** ''West Futuna''
 +
**** Mele-Fila
 +
***** ''Fila''
 +
***** ''Mele''
 +
** ''Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages''
 +
*** ''Carolinean Outlier Polynesian languages''
 +
**** Kapingamarangi
 +
**** Nukuoro
 +
*** ''Solomons Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages''
 +
**** Sikaiana
 +
**** ''Central Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages''
 +
***** ''East Polynesian languages'' <small>([[#East-Polynesian|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Central Northern Outlier Polynesian languages''
 +
****** Luangiua
 +
******* ''Nuclear Luangiua''
 +
******* ''Pelau''
 +
****** ''Takuuic languages''
 +
******* Nukumanu
 +
******* Nukuria
 +
******* Takuu
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="East-Polynesian">▸ '''''East Polynesian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Rap|Rapanui (or Rapa Nui, Pascuan)]]''' [rap]
 +
* ''Central Eastern Polynesian languages''
 +
** ''Marquesic languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Haw|Hawaiian]]'''
 +
*** ''Marquesan languages''
 +
**** South Marquesan [mqm]
 +
***** ''Fatu Hiva''
 +
***** ''Hiva Oa''
 +
***** ''Tahuta''
 +
**** North Marquesan [mrq]
 +
***** ''Hatutu''
 +
***** ''Nuku Hiva''
 +
***** ''Ua Huka''
 +
***** ''Ua Pou''
 +
** ''Tahitic languages''
 +
*** Mangareva [mrv]
 +
*** Māngarongaro (or Tongareva, Penrhynese) [pnh]
 +
*** Rakahanga-Manihiki
 +
*** ''Tahitian-Austral languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Ty|Tahitian]]''' [ty]
 +
**** Austral (or Tubuai-Rurutu) [aut]
 +
***** ''Raivavae''
 +
***** ''Rimatara''
 +
***** ''Rurutu''
 +
***** ''Tubuai''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Mi|Maori]]''' [mi]
 +
**** ''Bay of Plenty''
 +
**** ''Moriori''
 +
**** ''North Auckland''
 +
**** ''Rotorua-Taupo''
 +
**** ''South Island''
 +
**** ''Taranaki''
 +
**** ''Wanganui''
 +
*** Tuamotuan [pmt]
 +
**** ''Fangatau''
 +
**** ''Marangai''
 +
**** ''Napuka''
 +
**** ''Parata''
 +
**** ''Reao''
 +
**** ''Tapuhoe''
 +
**** ''Vahitu''
 +
*** ''Mangaia-Old Rapa languages''
 +
**** Old Rapa (or Rapan, Rapano) [rai]
 +
**** Southern Cook Island Maori (or Rarotongan-Mangaian, Kuki Airani) [rar]
 +
***** ''Aitutaki''
 +
***** ''Atiu''
 +
***** ''Mangaia''
 +
***** ''Mauke''
 +
***** ''Mitiaro''
 +
***** ''Rarotonga''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Chuukic">▸ '''''Chuukic (or Trukic) languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Western Chuukic (or Western Trukic) languages''
 +
** Ulithian [uli]
 +
** ''Sonsorol-Tobi languages''
 +
*** Tobian [tox]
 +
*** Sonsorol [sov]
 +
**** ''Pulo Anna''
 +
**** ''Sonsorolese''
 +
* ''Nuclear Chuukic (or Nuclear Trukic) languages''
 +
** Mapia (†) [mpy]
 +
** Woleaian [woe]
 +
*** ''Lamotrek''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Woleaian
 +
** ''Central Trukic (or Central Chuukic) languages''
 +
*** ''Satawalese-Carolinian languages''
 +
**** Satawalese [stw]
 +
**** ''Macro-Carolinian languages''
 +
***** Carolinian [cal]
 +
***** Namonuito [nmt]
 +
***** ''Murilo-Fanapanges languages''
 +
****** Pááfang [pfa]
 +
****** Tanapag [tpv]
 +
*** ''Eastern Chuukic (or Eastern Trukic) languages''
 +
**** ''Puluwatese-Pollapese languages''
 +
***** Pollapese [?]
 +
***** Puluwatese [puw]
 +
****** ''Nuclear Puluwatese''
 +
****** ''Pulapese''
 +
****** ''Pulusukese''
 +
**** ''Mortlockese-Chuukese (or Mortlockese-Trukese) languages''
 +
***** Chuukese (or Trukese) [chk]
 +
****** ''East Lagoon Chuukese (or East Lagoon Trukese)''
 +
****** ''Fayichuck''
 +
***** Mortlockese [mrl]
 +
****** ''Lower Mortlock''
 +
****** ''Mid Mortlock''
 +
****** ''Upper Mortlock''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Southeast-Solomonic">▸ '''''Southeast Solomonic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages''
 +
** ''Southeast Guadalcanal languages''
 +
*** Birao (or Mbirao) [brr]
 +
*** Talise (or Talisi, Tolo) [tlr]
 +
**** ''Koo''
 +
**** ''Malagheti''
 +
**** ''Moli''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Talise''
 +
**** ''Poleo''
 +
**** ''Tolo (Solomon Islands)''
 +
** ''Nuclear Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages''
 +
*** ''Nggelic languages''
 +
**** Gela (or Nggela) [nlg]
 +
**** Bughotu [bgt]
 +
***** ''Hageulu''
 +
***** ''Vulava''
 +
*** ''North and West Guadalcanal languages''
 +
**** Malango [mln]
 +
**** Lengo (or Ruavatu, Tasemboko) [lgr]
 +
***** ''Aola''
 +
***** ''Ghaimuta''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Lengo''
 +
***** ''Paripao''
 +
**** Ghari (or Gari, Sughu, Tangarare) [gri]
 +
***** ''Gae''
 +
***** ''Geri''
 +
***** ''Ndi (Solomon Islands)''
 +
***** ''Nginia''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Ghari''
 +
***** ''Tandai-Nggaria''
 +
* ''Longgu-Malaita-Makira languages''
 +
** Longgu (or Logu) [lgu]
 +
** ''Malaita-Makira languages''
 +
*** Sa’a (or Apae’aa, South Malaita) [apb]
 +
**** ''Uki Ni Masi''
 +
**** ''Ulawa''
 +
*** ''Makira languages''
 +
**** Kahua (or Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Chaha, Narihua, Wanoni) [agw]
 +
**** Arosi [aia]
 +
***** ''Nuclear Arosi''
 +
***** ''Wango''
 +
**** Bauro (or Mamarego, Marmaregho) [bxa]
 +
***** ''Haununu''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Bauro''
 +
***** ''Rawo (Bauro)''
 +
**** Fagani (or Faghani, Gani) [faf]
 +
***** ''Agufi''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Fagani''
 +
***** ''Rihu’a''
 +
**** Owa (or Narihua, Wanoni) [stn]
 +
***** ''Santa Ana (Solomon Islands)''
 +
***** ''Santa Catalina''
 +
***** ''Tawarafa''
 +
*** ''Malaita languages''
 +
**** ''Southern Malaita languages''
 +
***** Dori’o (or Kwarekwareo) [dor]
 +
***** Oroha (Oraha, Mara Ma-Siki) [ora]
 +
***** <!--leading apos-->’Are’are (or Areare) [alu]
 +
****** ''Marau Sound''
 +
****** ''Nuclear ’Are’are''
 +
**** ''Central-Northern Malaita languages''
 +
***** Gula’alaa (or Ngongosila, Kwai) [gmb]
 +
***** Kwaio (or Koio) [kwd]
 +
***** Kwara’ae (or Fiu) [kwf]
 +
***** Wala (or Langalanga) [lgl]
 +
***** ''North Malaitan languages''
 +
****** Baeggu (or Baegu, Mbaenggu) [bvd]
 +
****** Baelelea (or Mbaelelea) [bvc]
 +
****** Fataleka [far]
 +
****** To’abaita (or Malu, Malu’u, To’ambaita, Toqabaqita) [mlu]
 +
****** Lau [llu]
 +
******* ''Dai (Lau)''
 +
******* ''Nuclear Lau''
 +
******* ''Suafa''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Southern-Melanesian">▸ '''''Southern Melanesian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="St-Matthias">▸ '''''St. Matthias languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Temotu">▸ '''''Temotu languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Yapesic">▸ '''''Yapesic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Micronesian">▸ '''''Micronesian languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* '''[[Portal:Na|Nauruan]]''' [na]
 +
* Nuclear Micronesian languages''
 +
** Kosraean [kos]
 +
*** ''Lelu-Tafunsak''
 +
*** ''Malen-Utwe''
 +
** ''Central Micronesian languages''
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Gil|Gilbertese (or Kiribati)]]''' [gil]
 +
**** ''Banaban''
 +
**** ''Nui''
 +
*** ''Western Micronesian languages''
 +
**** '''[[Portal:Mh|Marshallese]]''' [mh]
 +
***** ''Rälik''
 +
***** ''Ratak''
 +
**** ''Chuukic-Ponapeic (or Trukukic-Ponapeic) languages''
 +
***** ''Chuukic (or Trukic) languages'' <small>([[#Chuukic|see below]])</small>
 +
***** ''Ponapeic languages''
 +
****** Mokilese [mkj]
 +
****** Pingelapese [pif]
 +
****** Pohnpeian [pon]
 +
******* ''Kiti''
 +
******* ''Ponapean''
 +
******* ''Sapwuahfik''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Vanuatu">▸ '''''Central Vanuatu languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Paama (or Paama-Lopevi, Paamese, Pauma) [pma]
 +
** ''North Paama''
 +
** ''South Paama''
 +
* Namakura (or Makura) [nmk]
 +
** ''Buninga (Namakura)
 +
** ''Makura''
 +
** ''Mataso''
 +
** ''Tongariki Island''
 +
** ''Tongoa Island''
 +
* ''South Pentecost languages''
 +
** ''Seke-Sowa languages''
 +
*** Seke (Vanuatu) (or Ske) [ske]
 +
*** Sowa [sww]
 +
** Sa [sax]
 +
*** ''Lolatavola''
 +
*** ''Ninebulo''
 +
*** ''Ponorwal''
 +
** Apma (or Central Raga) [app]
 +
*** ''Bwatnapni''
 +
*** ''Loltong''
 +
*** ''Melsisi''
 +
*** ''Suru-Bo''
 +
*** ''Suru-Marani''
 +
* ''Ambrym languages''
 +
** Lonwolwol (Craig Cove, Fali, Fanting, Raljago, West Ambrym) [crc]
 +
** North Ambrym [mmg]
 +
*** ''Magam''
 +
*** ''Olal''
 +
** ''Orkon-Port Vato-Dakaka languages''
 +
*** Orkon-Fanbak [fnb]
 +
*** ''Port Vato-Dakaka languages''
 +
**** Daakie (or Port Vato) [ptv]
 +
**** Dakaka (or Baiap) [bpa]
 +
***** ''Sesivi''
 +
** Southeast Ambrym [tvk]
 +
*** ''Endu''
 +
*** ''Ase-Taveak''
 +
**** ''Mele Maat''
 +
**** ''Penapo''
 +
**** ''Taveak''
 +
**** ''Toak''
 +
* ''Epi-Efate languages''
 +
** ''Epi languages''
 +
*** ''Baki-Bierebo languages''
 +
**** Baki (or Burumba, Paki) [bki]
 +
**** Bierebo (or Bonkovia-Yevali) [bnk]
 +
*** ''Bieria-Maii languages''
 +
**** Maii (or Mkir, Mae-Morae, Mafilau) [mmm]
 +
**** Bieria (or Bieri, Vovo, Wowo) [brj]
 +
***** ''Nuclear Bieria''
 +
***** ''Vovo''
 +
*** ''Lamenu-Lewo languages''
 +
**** Lamenu (or Lamen, Varmali) [lmu]
 +
**** Lewo (or Varsu) [lww]
 +
***** ''Mate-Nul-Filakara''
 +
***** ''Tasiko''
 +
** ''Efate (or Efatic) languages''
 +
*** ''South Efatic languages''
 +
**** South Efate (or Erakor, Fate) [erk]
 +
**** Eton (Vanuatu) (or Epwau) [etn]
 +
***** ''Eton''
 +
***** ''Pang Pang''
 +
*** ''North Efatic languages''
 +
**** Lelepa (or Havannah Harbour) [lpa]
 +
**** North Efate (or Tongoa)
 +
***** ''Buninga''
 +
***** ''Emau''
 +
***** ''Livara''
 +
***** ''Nguna''
 +
***** ''Paunangis''
 +
***** ''Sesake''
 +
* ''Malakula languages''
 +
** ''Northern Malakula languages''
 +
*** Malua Bay (or Mallicolo) [mll]
 +
*** ''North Coast Malakula languages''
 +
**** Nese [?]
 +
**** ''Botovro-Vovo-Vao languages''
 +
***** Mpotovoro (or Botovro) [mvt]
 +
***** Vao [vao]
 +
** ''Eastern Malakula linkage languages''
 +
*** Uripiv-Wala-Rano-Atchin [upv]
 +
**** ''Atchin''
 +
**** ''Uripiv''
 +
**** ''Wala-Rano''
 +
*** ''Central-Southeast Malakula languages''
 +
**** Burmbar (or Vartavo) [vrt]
 +
**** Aulua [aul]
 +
***** ''Boinelang''
 +
***** ''Onesso''
 +
**** ''Unua-Pangkumu languages''
 +
***** Rerep (or Pangkumu) [pgk]
 +
****** ''Tisman''
 +
***** Unua (or Onua) [onu]
 +
****** ''Bush Unua''
 +
**** ''Southeastern Malakula linkage languages''
 +
***** Bwenelang [?]
 +
***** Maskelynes [klv]
 +
***** ''Nasvang-Nisvai languages''
 +
****** Nasvang [?]
 +
****** Nisvai [?]
 +
***** ''Port Sandwich-Axamb-Avok languages''
 +
****** Avok [?]
 +
****** Axamb (or Ahamb) [ahb]
 +
****** Port Sandwich (or Lamap) [psw]
 +
** ''Western Malakula linkage languages''
 +
*** ''Central-Western Malakula languages''
 +
**** Larevat [lrv]
 +
**** Naman (or Litzlitz, Litzlitz-Visele) [lzl]
 +
**** Neverver (or Lingarak) [lgk]
 +
**** Neve’ei (or Vinmavis, Lambumbu) [vnm]
 +
***** ''Winiv (Vinmavis)''
 +
*** ''Peripheral Western Malakula languages''
 +
**** ''Ninde-Nati languages''
 +
***** Nati [?]
 +
***** Ninde (or Meaun, Mewun, Nide, Ninde) [mwi]
 +
**** ''Northwestern Malakula languages''
 +
***** Big Nambas (or V’ënen Taut) [nmb]
 +
***** Maragus (or Tape) [mrs]
 +
***** Tirax (or Mae, Tirak, Emwae) [mme]
 +
****** ''North Small Nambas''
 +
**** ''Southwestern Malakula languages''
 +
***** Avava (or Tembimbe-Katbol, Bangsa’, Katbol) [tmb]
 +
***** Dixon Reef (or Aveteian) [dix]
 +
***** Nasarian [nvh]
 +
***** Navwien [?]
 +
***** ''Southwest Coastal Malekula languages''
 +
****** Nahavaq (Seniang, Sinesip) [sns]
 +
****** Na’ahai (or Malfaxal, Taman, Tomman) [mlx]
 +
******* ''Orierh''
 +
***** Letemboi-Repanbitip [nms]
 +
****** ''Letemboi''
 +
****** ''Repanbitip''
 +
***** ''Nititi-Vivti languages''
 +
****** Nitita [?]
 +
****** Vivti [?]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Northern-Vanuatu">▸ '''''Northern Vanuatu languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Hano (or Bwatvenua, Lamalanga, Qatvenua, Raga, Vunmarama) [lml]
 +
* ''Ambae languages''
 +
** West Ambae (or Opa) [nnd]
 +
*** ''Nduindui''
 +
*** ''Walaha''
 +
** East Ambae (or Omba, Aoba, Walurigi, Northeast Lolovoli) [omb]
 +
*** ''Lolokaro''
 +
*** ''Lombaha''
 +
*** ''Longana''
 +
* ''Maewo languages''
 +
** Sunwadia (or Marino, Naone, North Maewo) [mrb]
 +
** Baetora [btr]
 +
*** ''Narovorovo''
 +
*** ''Nasawa''
 +
*** ''Talise (Vanuatu)''
 +
** Central Maewo [mwo]
 +
*** ''Lotora''
 +
*** ''Peterara''
 +
*** ''Tanoriki''
 +
* ''Torres-Banks linkage languages''
 +
** Dorig (or Wetamut) [wwo]
 +
** Lehali (or Teqel] [tql]
 +
** Lehalurup (or Löyöp, Ureparapara) [urr]
 +
** Mota [mtt]
 +
** Nume (or Tarasag, Tasarag) [tgs]
 +
** Mwotlap (or Motlav)  [mlv]
 +
*** ''Volow''
 +
** Vurës (or Mwesen, Mosina) [msn]
 +
*** ''Nuclear Vures''
 +
*** ''Vetumboso''
 +
** ''Hiw-Lo-Toga languages''
 +
*** Hiw (or Torres) [hiw]
 +
*** Lo-Toga (or Loh-Toga) [lht]
 +
** Merlav (or Mwerlap) [mrm]
 +
*** ''Matliwag''
 +
*** ''Mwerig''
 +
*** ''West Mwerelawa''
 +
** ''Koto-Olrat-Lakon languages''
 +
*** Lakon (or Lakona, Gaua, Gog, Vure) [lkn]
 +
*** Koro-Olrat [krf]
 +
**** ''Koro (Vanuatu)''
 +
**** ''Olrat''
 +
** ''Lemerig-Veraa languages''
 +
*** Lemerig [lrz]
 +
*** Vera’a [vra]
 +
**** ''Leon''
 +
**** ''Pak (Vatrata)''
 +
**** ''Sasar''
 +
* ''Espiritu Santo languages''
 +
** ''West Santo languages''
 +
*** Akei (or Tasiriki) [tsr]
 +
*** Kula (Vanuatu) (or Wusi) [wsi]
 +
** ''South Santo languages''
 +
*** Ale (or Wailapa) [wlr]
 +
*** Amblong (or Varavara, Aje) [alm]
 +
*** Araki [akr]
 +
*** Movono (or Tangoa) [tgp]
 +
*** Narango (or Farsaf) [nrg]
 +
** ''North-West Santo languages''
 +
*** Nokuku (or Nogugu) [nkk]
 +
*** Piamatsina [ptr]
 +
*** Tasmate (or Meri, Oa) [tmt]
 +
*** Tolomako (or Tolomako-Jereviu, Big Bay) [tlm]
 +
*** Valpei (or Valpei-Hukua) [vlp]
 +
*** Vunapu [vnp]
 +
** ''Central Santo languages''
 +
*** Kiai (or Fortsenal) [frt]
 +
*** Mores (or Roria, Soisoru, Toksiki) [rga]
 +
*** Morouas (or Ko, Mores) [mrp]
 +
*** ''Tiale-Merei-Navut languages''
 +
**** Navut (or Sinia) [nsw]
 +
**** Tiale (or Malmariv) [mnl]
 +
**** Merei (or Lametin, Merei) [lmb]
 +
***** ''Winiv (Merei)''
 +
** ''East Santo languages''
 +
*** Aore [aor]
 +
*** Nethalp (or Lorediakarkar) [lnn]
 +
*** Ngen (or Shark Bay) [ssv]
 +
*** Tamambo (or Malo) [mla]
 +
**** ''Ataripoe''
 +
**** ''Avunatari''
 +
*** Wanohe (or Sakao, Sakau) [sku]
 +
**** ''Nkep''
 +
**** ''Sakao''
 +
*** ''Mafea-Tutuba languages''
 +
**** Mafea (or Mavea) [mkv]
 +
**** Tutuba [tmi]
 +
*** ''Southeast Santo languages''
 +
**** Farafi (or Butmas-Tur, Ati) [bnr]
 +
**** Polonombauk (or Narmoris) [plb]
 +
**** Tambotalo (or Biliru) [tls]
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Meso-Melanesian-linkage">▸ '''''Meso Melanesian linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Bali-Vitu languages''
 +
** Muduapa (or Vitu, Witu) [wiv]
 +
** Uneapa (or Bali) [bbn]
 +
* ''Willaumez linkage languages''
 +
** ''Bola-Bulu languages''
 +
*** Bulu (Papua New Guinea) [bjl]
 +
*** Bola (or Bola-Bakovi, Bakovi) [bnp]
 +
**** ''Harua (or Garua, Karua, Xarua, Mai)''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Bola''
 +
** ''Nakanai-Meramera languages''
 +
*** Meramera [mxm]
 +
**** ''Lolobao''
 +
*** Nakanai (or Nakonai) [nak]
 +
**** ''Bileki''
 +
**** ''Losa''
 +
**** ''Maututu''
 +
**** ''Ubae''
 +
**** ''Vere (Papua New Guinea)''
 +
* ''New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic linkage (or Neu-Mecklenburg) languages''
 +
** Tomoip (or Tomoyp, Tomoive, Tumuip, Tumie) [tqp]
 +
** ''St George linkage languages'' <small>([[#St-George-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
** ''Madak linkage languages''
 +
*** Barok (or Kanalu, Kanapit, Kolube, Kulubi, Komalu) [bjk]
 +
**** ''Nuclear Barok''
 +
**** ''Usen''
 +
*** Lavatbura-Lamusong [lbv]
 +
**** ''Kontu''
 +
**** ''Lamusong''
 +
**** ''Lavatbura''
 +
**** ''Ugana''
 +
*** Madak [mmx]
 +
**** ''Danu (Papua New Guinea)''
 +
**** ''Katingan (Papua New Guinea)''
 +
**** ''Lelet''
 +
**** ''Malom''
 +
**** ''Mesi''
 +
** ''Tabar linkage languages''
 +
*** Lihir (or Lir) [lih]
 +
*** Notsi (or Nochi) [ncf]
 +
*** Mandara (or Madara, Tabar, Wandala) [tbf]
 +
**** ''Big Tabar''
 +
**** ''Simberi''
 +
**** ''Tatau''
 +
** ''Tungak-Nalik languages''
 +
*** Lakuramau [?]
 +
*** '''[[Portal:Nal|Nalik (or Fesoa, Fessoa, Lugagon)]]''' [nal] <small>''(disabled)''</small>
 +
*** Tiang (or Djaul) [tbj]
 +
*** Tungag (or Tungak, Lavangai, Lavongai, Dang) [lcm]
 +
*** Kara (Papua New Guinea) (or Lemakot, Lemusmus) [leu]
 +
**** ''East Kara''
 +
**** ''Lauan-Nonopai''
 +
**** ''Luburua''
 +
**** ''Ngavalus-Lossuk''
 +
**** ''West Kara''
 +
*** Tigak (or Omo) [tgc]
 +
**** ''Central Tigak''
 +
**** ''Island Tigak''
 +
**** ''South Tigak''
 +
**** ''West Tigak''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="St George-linkage">▸ '''''St George linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Siar-Lak (or Siar, Lak, Lamassa, Lambom) [sjr]
 +
* Sursurunga [zgz]
 +
* ''Northwest Solomonic languages'' <small>([[#Northwest-Solomonic|see below]])</small>
 +
* Konomala [koa]
 +
** ''Laket''
 +
** ''Nuclear Konomala''
 +
* Tangga (or Tanga) [tgg]
 +
** ''Fanamaket'' [bjp]
 +
** ''Niwer Mil-Warwar Feni''
 +
*** ''Niwer Mil'' [hrc]
 +
*** ''Warwar Feni (or Anir, Feni)'' [hrw]
 +
* ''Kandas-Duke of York languages''
 +
** Kandas (or King) [kqw]
 +
** Ramoaaina (or Ramuaina, Duke of York) [rai]
 +
*** ''Aalawa''
 +
*** ''Makada''
 +
*** ''Molot (or Main Island)''
 +
* ''Label-Bilur languages''
 +
** Bilur (or Birar) [bxf]
 +
** Label [lbb]
 +
* ''Patpatar-Minigir-Tolai languages''
 +
** Patpatar (or Gelik, Patpari) [gfk]
 +
*** ''Nuclear Patpatar''
 +
*** ''Pala''
 +
*** ''Sokirik''
 +
** ''Minigir-Tolai languages''
 +
*** Guramalum [grz]
 +
*** Minigir (or Lungalunga) [vmg]
 +
*** Kuanua (or Tinata Tuna, Tuna, Gunantuna, Tolai, Ober-Mengen, Neu-Pommern, New Britain Language, Blanche Bay) [ksd]
 +
**** ''Kabakada''
 +
**** ''Kininanggunan''
 +
**** ''Kokopo''
 +
**** ''Livuan''
 +
**** ''Masawa''
 +
**** ''Matupit''
 +
**** ''Nodup''
 +
**** ''Rakunei''
 +
**** ''Raluana''
 +
**** ''Rapitok''
 +
**** ''Rebar''
 +
**** ''Vanumami''
 +
**** ''Vunadidir''
 +
**** ''Watom''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Northwest-Solomonic">▸ '''''Northwest Solomonic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''West Santa Isabel languages''
 +
** Laghu (or Lagu, Katova) (†) [lgb]
 +
** Zabana (or Kham, Kia) [kji]
 +
* ''Banoni-Piva languages''
 +
** Bannoni (or Banoni, Tsunari) [bcm]
 +
** Lawunuia (or Nagarege, Nagarige, Naghareghe, Piva) [tgi]
 +
*** ''Amun''
 +
* ''Mono-Uruavan languages''
 +
** Torau (or Rorovana) [ttu]
 +
** Uruava [urv]
 +
** Mono-Alu [mte]
 +
*** ''Alu''
 +
*** ''Fauro''
 +
*** ''Mono''
 +
* ''Choiseul languages''
 +
** ''West Choiseul languages''
 +
*** Ririo [rri]
 +
*** ''Southeast Choiseul languages''
 +
**** Sisiqa [?]
 +
**** Babatana (or Mbambatana, East Choiseul) [baa]
 +
***** ''Avasö''
 +
***** ''Katazi''
 +
***** ''Kuboro''
 +
***** ''Lömaumbi''
 +
***** ''Nuclear Babatana''
 +
***** ''Sengan''
 +
** ''East Choiseul languages''
 +
*** Vaghua (or Vagua, Tavola, Tavula) [tva]
 +
*** Varisi (or Varese) [vrs]
 +
**** ''Ghone''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Varisi''
 +
* ''Santa Isabel languages''
 +
** ''East Santa Isabel languages''
 +
***
 +
** ''Central Santa Isabel languages''
 +
***
 +
* ''North Bougainville Oceanic languages''
 +
** Solos [sol]
 +
** ''Nuclear North Bougainville Oceanic languages''
 +
***
 +
* ''New Georgia languages''
 +
** Kazukuru (†) [kzk]
 +
** ''West New Georgia languages''
 +
***
 +
** ''East New Georgia languages''
 +
***
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="North-New-Guinea-linkage">▸ '''''North New Guinea linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Sarmi-Jayapura Bay languages''
 +
**
 +
* ''Schouten linkage languages''
 +
**
 +
* ''Huon Gulf languages''
 +
**
 +
* ''Ngero-Vitiaz linkage languages''
 +
**
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Peripheral-Papuan-Tip-linkage">▸ '''''Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Central Papuan Oceanic languages'' <small>([[#Central-Papuan-Oceanic|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Nimoa-Sudest languages''
 +
** Nimoa (or Nimowa) [nmw]
 +
*** ''Panatinani''
 +
*** ''Panawina''
 +
*** ''Sabari''
 +
*** ''Western Point''
 +
** Sudest (or Sud-Est, Tagula, Vanatina, Vanga) [tgo]
 +
*** ''Eastern Point''
 +
*** ''Griffin Point''
 +
*** ''Jelewaga''
 +
*** ''Pamela''
 +
*** ''Rambuso''
 +
* ''Kilivila-Misima languages''
 +
** Misima-Paneati (or Panaeati, Panaieti, Panayeti, Paneate, Paneyate) [mpx]
 +
*** ''Nasikwabw (or Tokunu)''
 +
*** ''Tewatewa''
 +
** ''Kilivilic languages''
 +
*** Budibud (or Nada) [btp]
 +
*** ''Kilivila-Muyuw languages''
 +
**** Kilivila (or Kiriwina) [kij]
 +
***** ''Kitava''
 +
***** ''Sinaketa''
 +
***** ''Vakuta''
 +
**** Muyuw (or Muyu, Muyua, Muyuwa, Murua, Muruwa) [myw]
 +
***** ''Iwa (Papua New Guinea)''
 +
***** ''Lougaw (or Gawa)''
 +
***** ''Nawyem''
 +
***** ''Wamwan''
 +
***** ''Yanaba''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Central-Papuan-Oceanic">▸ '''''Central Papuan Oceanic languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''Sinagoro-Keapara languages''
 +
** Sinaugoro (or Sinagoro) [snc]
 +
*** ''Alepa''
 +
*** ''Babagarupu''
 +
*** ''Balawaia''
 +
*** ''Boku''
 +
*** ''Buaga''
 +
*** ''Ikega''
 +
*** ''Ikolu''
 +
*** ''Kubuli''
 +
*** ''Kwaibida''
 +
*** ''Kwaibo''
 +
*** ''Omene''
 +
*** ''Oruone''
 +
*** ''Saroa''
 +
*** ''Taboro''
 +
*** ''Tubulamo''
 +
*** ''Vora''
 +
*** ''Wiga''
 +
** ''Hula-Keapara languages''
 +
*** Hula [hul]
 +
**** ''Alewai''
 +
**** ''Irupara''
 +
**** ''Kaporoko''
 +
**** ''Vula (or Vulaa)''
 +
*** Keapara (or Keopara, Kerepunu) [khz]
 +
**** ''Aroma''
 +
**** ''Babaga''
 +
**** ''Kalo (Keapara)''
 +
**** ''Kapari''
 +
**** ''Lalaura''
 +
**** ''Maopa''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Keapara''
 +
**** ''Wanigela''
 +
* ''Oumic languages''
 +
** Ouma [oum]
 +
** ''Magoric languages''
 +
*** Bina (Papua New Guinea) [bmn]
 +
*** Magori [zgr]
 +
*** Yoba [yob]
 +
* ''West Central Papuan linkage languages''
 +
** Abadi (or Kabadi, Gabadi) [kbt]
 +
** Motu (or Pure Motu, True Motu, Mona) [meu]
 +
*** ''Eastern Motu''
 +
*** ''Western Motu''
 +
** ''Nuclear West Central Papuan linkage languages''
 +
*** Kuni [kse]
 +
*** Lala (or Nara, Nala, Ala'ala, Pokau) [nrz]
 +
*** Toura (Papua New Guinea) (or Doura) [don]
 +
*** Mekeo (or Mekeo-Kovio, Kovio) [mek]
 +
**** ''East Mekeo''
 +
**** ''North Mekeo''
 +
**** ''Northwest Mekeo''
 +
**** ''West Mekeo''
 +
*** Waima [rro]
 +
**** ''Nuclear Waima''
 +
**** ''Paitana''
 +
**** ''Roro''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Nuclear-Papuan-Tip-linkage">▸ '''''Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* ''North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages'' <small>([[#North-Papuan-Mainland-D-Entrecasteaux-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
* Maisin (or Maisan) [mbq]
 +
** ''Kosirava''
 +
** ''Nuclear Maisin''
 +
* ''Suauic languages''
 +
** <!--leading apos-->’Auhelawa (or <!--leading apos-->’Urada, Kurada, Nuakata) [kud]
 +
** Buhutu (Bohutu, Buhulu, Siasiada, Yaleba) [bxh]
 +
** Oya’oya [oyy]
 +
** Unubahe [unu]
 +
** Bwanabwana (or Tubetube) [tte]
 +
*** ''Kwalaiwa''
 +
*** ''Wale''
 +
** Wagawaga [wgb]
 +
*** ''Gamadoudou''
 +
*** ''Nuclear Wagawaga''
 +
** ''Suau Chain languages''
 +
*** Saliba [sbe]
 +
**** ''Logeya''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Saliba''
 +
*** Suau [swp]
 +
**** ''Bona Bona''
 +
**** ''Bonarua''
 +
**** ''Dahuni''
 +
**** ''Daui''
 +
**** ''Leileiafa''
 +
**** ''Nuclear Suau''
 +
**** ''Sinaki''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="North-Papuan-Mainland-D-Entrecasteaux-linkage">▸ '''''North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Anuki (or Gabobora) [aui]
 +
* Gumawana (or Domdom, Gumasi) [gvs]
 +
* ''Dobu-Duau linkage languages'' <small>([[#Dobu-Duau-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Are-Taupota linkage languages'' <small>([[#Are-Taupota-linkage|see below]])</small>
 +
* ''Kakabai linkage languages''
 +
** Dawawa (or Dawana) [dww]
 +
** Kakabai (or Igora) [kqf]
 +
*** ''North Kakabai''
 +
*** ''South Kakabai''
 +
* ''Bwaidoga linkage languages''
 +
** Koluwawa (or Kalokalo) [klx]
 +
** Molima (or Morima, Ebadidi, Fagululu, Salakahadi) [mox]
 +
*** ''Ai’alu''
 +
*** ''Tala’ai''
 +
*** ''Tosila’ai''
 +
** Diodio (or West Goodenough) [ddi]
 +
*** ''Awale''
 +
*** ''Central Diodio''
 +
*** ''Iauiaula''
 +
*** ''Utalo''
 +
** ''Bwaidoka-Iduna languages''
 +
*** Iduna (or Vivigani, Vivigana) [viv]
 +
**** ''Belebele''
 +
**** ''Central Vivigani''
 +
**** ''Goiala''
 +
**** ''Idakamenai''
 +
**** ''Kalauna''
 +
**** ''Ufaufa''
 +
**** ''Ufufu''
 +
**** ''Waibula''
 +
*** Bwaidoka [bwd]
 +
**** ''Bebebele Ii''
 +
**** ''Belebele I''
 +
**** ''Bwaidoga''
 +
**** ''Faiyava''
 +
**** ''Kilia''
 +
**** ''Kiliva''
 +
**** ''Lauwela''
 +
**** ''Mataitai''
 +
**** ''Wagifa''
 +
** ''Iamalelic languages''
 +
*** Maiadomu (or Maiadom) [mzz]
 +
*** Iamalele (or Yamalele) [yml]
 +
**** ''Central Yamalele''
 +
**** ''Didigavu''
 +
**** ''Gwabegwabe''
 +
**** ''Masimasi (Yamalele)''
 +
**** ''Southern Yamalele''
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
<div id="Dobu-Duau-linkage">▸ '''''Dobu-Duau linkage languages:'''''</div>
 +
{{Columns|width=30em|gap=1em|rule=thin dotted #AAA|style=border-bottom:thin dotted #AAA|1=
 +
* Dobu [dob]
 +
** ''Central Dobu''
 +
** ''Galubwa''
 +
** ''Loboda''
 +
** ''Sanaroa''
 +
** ''Ubuia''
 +
* Duau [dva]
 +
** ''Dawada''
 +
** ''Guleguleu''
 +
** ''Mwalukwasia''
 +
** ''Siausi''
 +
** ''Somwadina''
 +
* Sewa Bay (or Duau Pwata) [sew]
 +
** ''Bwakera''
 +
** ''Central Sewa Bay''
 +
** ''Darubia''
 +
** ''Maiabare''
 +
** ''Miadeba''
 +