Difference between revisions of "Languages by language family"

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(split the families into sections per subfamilies)
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== Natural language families ==
 
== Natural language families ==
 
=== Afro-Asiatic languages ===
 
=== Afro-Asiatic languages ===
*Berber
+
==== Berber languages ====
**Northern
+
* Northern
***Atlas
+
** Atlas
****'''[[Portal:Shi|Tachelit]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Shi|Tachelit]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Tzm|Central Atlas Tamazight]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Tzm|Central Atlas Tamazight]]'''
***Kabyle
+
** Kabyle
****'''[[Portal:Kab|Kabyle]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kab|Kabyle]]'''
***Zenati
+
** Zenati
****'''[[Portal:Shy|Shawiya]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Shy|Shawiya]]'''
****Riff
+
*** Riff
*****'''[[Portal:Rif|Tarifit]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Rif|Tarifit]]'''
*Chadic
+
==== Chadic languages ====
**West
+
* West
***A
+
** A
****A.1
+
*** A.1
*****'''[[Portal:Ha|Hausa]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ha|Hausa]]'''
  
*Cushitic
+
==== Cushitic languages ====
**East
+
* East
***Saho-Afar
+
** Saho-Afar
***Somali
+
** Somali
****'''[[Portal:So|Somali]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:So|Somali]]'''
  
*Semitic
+
==== Semitic languages ====
**Central
+
* Central
***Aramaic
+
** Aramaic
****Eastern
+
*** Eastern
*****Central
+
**** Central
******Northwestern
+
***** Northwestern
*******'''[[Portal:Tru|Turoyo]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Tru|Turoyo]]'''
***Northwest
+
** Northwest
****'''[[Portal:Arc|Aramaic]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Arc|Aramaic]]'''
***South
+
** South
****Arabic
+
*** Arabic
*****'''[[Portal:Ar|Standard Arabic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ar|Standard Arabic]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Arq|Algerian Arabic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Arq|Algerian Arabic]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Arz|Egyptian Arabic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Arz|Egyptian Arabic]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Ary|Moroccan Arabic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ary|Moroccan Arabic]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Mt|Maltese]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Mt|Maltese]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Aeb|Tunisian Arabic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Aeb|Tunisian Arabic]]'''
****Canaanite
+
*** Canaanite
*****'''[[Portal:He|Hebrew]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:He|Hebrew]]'''
**South
+
* South
***Ethiopian
+
** Ethiopian
****North
+
*** North
*****'''[[Portal:Ti|Tigrinya]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ti|Tigrinya]]'''
****South
+
*** South
*****Transversal
+
**** Transversal
******Amharic-Argobba
+
***** Amharic-Argobba
*******'''[[Portal:Am|Amharic]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Am|Amharic]]'''
  
 
=== Algic languages ===
 
=== Algic languages ===
*Algonquian
+
==== Algonquian languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Cr|Cree]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Cr|Cree]]'''
**Eastern
+
* Eastern
***'''[[Portal:Mic|Micmac]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Mic|Micmac]]'''
**Ojibwa-Potawatomi
+
* Ojibwa-Potawatomi
***'''[[Portal:Ciw|Chippewa]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ciw|Chippewa]]'''
  
 
=== Altaic languages ===
 
=== Altaic languages ===
*Mongolian
+
==== Mongolian languages ====
**Eastern
+
* Eastern
***Oirat-Khalkha
+
** Oirat-Khalkha
****Khalkha-Buriat
+
*** Khalkha-Buriat
*****Buriat
+
**** Buriat
******'''[[Portal:Bxr|Buriat (Russia)]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bxr|Buriat (Russia)]]'''
*****Mongolian Proper
+
**** Mongolian Proper
******'''[[Portal:Mn|Mongolian]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Mn|Mongolian]]'''
****Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat
+
*** Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat
*****'''[[Portal:Xal|Kalmyk]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Xal|Kalmyk]]'''
*Tungusic
+
==== Tungusic languages ====
**Southern
+
* Southern
***Southwest
+
** Southwest
****'''[[Portal:Mnc|Manchu]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Mnc|Manchu]]'''
*Turkic
+
==== Turkic languages ====
**Bolgar
+
* Bolgar
***'''[[Portal:Cv|Chuvash]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Cv|Chuvash]]'''
**Eastern
+
* Eastern
***'''[[Portal:Ug|Uyghur]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ug|Uyghur]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Uz|Uzbek]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Uz|Uzbek]]'''
**Northern
+
* Northern
***'''[[Portal:Sah|Sakha]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Sah|Sakha]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Tyv|Tuvin]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Tyv|Tuvin]]'''
**Southern
+
* Southern
***Azerbaijani
+
** Azerbaijani
****'''[[Portal:Az|Azerbaijani]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Az|Azerbaijani]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Azb|South Azerbaijani]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Azb|South Azerbaijani]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Crh|Crimean Turkish]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Crh|Crimean Turkish]]'''
***Turkish
+
** Turkish
****'''[[Portal:Gag|Gagauz]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Gag|Gagauz]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Tr|Turkish]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Tr|Turkish]]'''
***Turkmenian
+
** Turkmenian
****'''[[Portal:Tk|Turkmen]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Tk|Turkmen]]'''
**Western
+
* Western
***Aralo-Caspian
+
** Aralo-Caspian
****'''[[Portal:Kaa|Karakalpak]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kaa|Karakalpak]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Kk|Kazakh]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kk|Kazakh]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Ky|Kirghiz]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ky|Kirghiz]]'''
***Ponto-Caspian
+
** Ponto-Caspian
****'''[[Portal:Krc|Karachay-Balkar]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Krc|Karachay-Balkar]]'''
***Uralian
+
** Uralian
****'''[[Portal:Ba|Bashkir]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ba|Bashkir]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Tt|Tatar]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Tt|Tatar]]'''
  
 
=== Araucanian languages ===
 
=== Araucanian languages ===
*'''[[Portal:Arn|Araucanian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Arn|Araucanian]]'''
  
 
=== Arawakan languages ===
 
=== Arawakan languages ===
Line 117: Line 117:
  
 
=== Austro-Asiatic languages ===
 
=== Austro-Asiatic languages ===
*Mon-Khmer
+
==== Mon-Khmer languages ====
**Eastern Mon-Khmer
+
* Eastern Mon-Khmer
***Khmer
+
** Khmer
****'''[[Portal:Km|Khmer]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Km|Khmer]]'''
**Viet-Muong
+
* Viet-Muong
***Vietnamese
+
** Vietnamese
****'''[[Portal:Vi|Vietnamese]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Vi|Vietnamese]]'''
*Munda
+
==== Munda languages ====
**North Munda
+
* North Munda
***Kherwari
+
** Kherwari
****'''[[Portal:Sat|Santali]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sat|Santali]]'''
  
 
=== Austronesian languages ===
 
=== Austronesian languages ===
*Malayo-Polynesian
+
==== Malayo-Polynesian languages ====
**Barito
+
* Barito
***East
+
** East
****'''[[Portal:Mg|Malagasy]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Mg|Malagasy]]'''
**Central-Eastern
+
* Central-Eastern
***Central Malayo-Polynesian
+
** Central Malayo-Polynesian
****Timor
+
*** Timor
*****Nuclear Timor
+
**** Nuclear Timor
******East
+
***** East
*******'''[[Portal:Tet|Tetum]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Tet|Tetum]]'''
***Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
+
** Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
****Oceanic
+
*** Oceanic
*****Central-Eastern Oceanic
+
**** Central-Eastern Oceanic
******Remote Oceanic
+
***** Remote Oceanic
*******Central Pacific
+
****** Central Pacific
********East Fijian-Polynesian
+
******* East Fijian-Polynesian
*********Polynesian
+
******** Polynesian
**********Nuclear
+
********* Nuclear
***********East
+
********** East
************Central
+
*********** Central
*************Marquesic
+
************ Marquesic
**************'''[[Portal:Haw|Hawaiian]]'''
+
************* '''[[Portal:Haw|Hawaiian]]'''
*************Tahitic
+
************ Tahitic
**************'''[[Portal:Mi|Maori]]'''
+
************* '''[[Portal:Mi|Maori]]'''
************Rapanui
+
*********** Rapanui
*************'''[[Portal:Rap|Rapanui]]'''
+
************ '''[[Portal:Rap|Rapanui]]'''
**********Tongic
+
********* Tongic
***********'''[[Portal:Niu|Niue]]'''
+
********** '''[[Portal:Niu|Niue]]'''
***********'''[[Portal:To|Tongan]]'''
+
********** '''[[Portal:To|Tongan]]'''
********West Fijian-Rotuman
+
******* West Fijian-Rotuman
*********Rotuman
+
******** Rotuman
**********'''[[Portal:Rtm|Rotuman]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Rtm|Rotuman]]'''
**Javanese
+
* Javanese
***'''[[Portal:Jv|Javanese]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Jv|Javanese]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Map-bms|Basa Banyumasan]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Map-bms|Basa Banyumasan]]'''
***Malayan
+
** Malayan
****Local Malay
+
*** Local Malay
*****'''[[Portal:Id|Indonesian]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Id|Indonesian]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Ms|Malay]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ms|Malay]]'''
**Malayo-Sumbawan
+
* Malayo-Sumbawan
***North and East
+
** North and East
****Achinese-Chamic
+
*** Achinese-Chamic
*****Achinese
+
**** Achinese
******'''[[Portal:Ace|Achinese]]
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ace|Achinese]]
*****Chamic
+
**** Chamic
******'''[[Portal:Cja|Western Cham]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Cja|Western Cham]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Cjm|Eastern Cham]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Cjm|Eastern Cham]]'''
****Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa
+
*** Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa
*****'''[[Portal:Ban|Bali]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ban|Bali]]'''
****Malayic
+
*** Malayic
*****Malay
+
**** Malay
******'''[[Portal:Bjn|Bahasa Banjar]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bjn|Bahasa Banjar]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Min|Minangkabau]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Min|Minangkabau]]'''
******Trade
+
***** Trade
*******'''[[Portal:Bew|Bahasa Betawi]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Bew|Bahasa Betawi]]'''
**North Borneo
+
* North Borneo
***Sabahan
+
** Sabahan
****Dusunic
+
*** Dusunic
*****Dusun
+
**** Dusun
******Central
+
***** Central
*******'''[[Portal:Dtp|Central Dusun]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Dtp|Central Dusun]]'''
**Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands
+
* Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands
***Batak
+
** Batak
****Southern
+
*** Southern
*****'''[[Portal:Bbc|Batak Toba]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Bbc|Batak Toba]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Mwv|Behase Mentawai]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Mwv|Behase Mentawai]]'''
**Philippine
+
* Philippine
***Greater Central Philippine
+
** Greater Central Philippine
****Central Philippine
+
*** Central Philippine
*****Bikol
+
**** Bikol
******Coastal
+
***** Coastal
*******Naga
+
****** Naga
********'''[[Portal:Bcl|Bikol Central]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Bcl|Bikol Central]]'''
*****Bisayan
+
**** Bisayan
******Cebuan
+
***** Cebuan
*******'''[[Portal:Ceb|Cebuano]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Ceb|Cebuano]]'''
******Central
+
***** Central
*******Peripheral
+
****** Peripheral
********'''[[Portal:Cps|Capiznon]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Cps|Capiznon]]'''
********'''[[Portal:Hil|Hiligaynon]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Hil|Hiligaynon]]'''
*******Warayan
+
****** Warayan
********Samar-Waray
+
******* Samar-Waray
*********'''[[Portal:War|Waray-Waray]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:War|Waray-Waray]]'''
******West
+
***** West
*******Kinarayan
+
****** Kinarayan
********'''[[Portal:Krj|Kinaray-a]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Krj|Kinaray-a]]'''
***Central Luzon
+
** Central Luzon
****Pampangan
+
*** Pampangan
*****'''[[Portal:Pam|Pampangan]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Pam|Pampangan]]'''
***Northern Luzon
+
** Northern Luzon
****Ilocano
+
*** Ilocano
*****'''[[Portal:Ilo|Iloko]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ilo|Iloko]]'''
****Tagalog
+
*** Tagalog
*****'''[[Portal:Tl|Tagalog]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Tl|Tagalog]]'''
**South Sulawesi
+
* South Sulawesi
***Bugis
+
** Bugis
****'''[[Portal:Bug|Buginese]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Bug|Buginese]]'''
***Makassar
+
** Makassar
****'''[[Portal:Sly|Selayar]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sly|Selayar]]'''
**Sundanese
+
* Sundanese
***'''[[Portal:Su|Sundanese]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Su|Sundanese]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Ch|Chamorro]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ch|Chamorro]]'''
*Formosan
+
Formosan
**Northern Formosan
+
* Northern Formosan
***Atayalic
+
** Atayalic
****'''[[Portal:Tay|Atayal]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Tay|Atayal]]'''
***Northwest Formosan
+
** Northwest Formosan
****'''[[Portal:Xsy|Saisiyat]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Xsy|Saisiyat]]'''
**East Formosan
+
* East Formosan
***'''[[Portal:Ami|Amis]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ami|Amis]]'''
  
 
=== Aymaran languages ===
 
=== Aymaran languages ===
*'''[[Portal:Ay|Aymara]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ay|Aymara]]'''
  
 
=== Carib languages ===
 
=== Carib languages ===
*Northern
+
==== Northern Carib languages ====
**East-West Guiana
+
* East-West Guiana
***Macushi-Kapon
+
** Macushi-Kapon
****Kapon
+
*** Kapon
  
 
=== Dravidian languages ===
 
=== Dravidian languages ===
*Northern
+
==== Northern Dravidian languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Brh|Brahui]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Brh|Brahui]]'''
*South-Central
+
==== South-Central Dravidian languages ====
**Telugu
+
* Telugu
***'''[[Portal:Te|Telugu]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Te|Telugu]]'''
  
*Southern
+
==== Southern Dravidian languages ====
**Tamil-Kannada
+
* Tamil-Kannada
***Kannada
+
** Kannada
****'''[[Portal:Bfq|Badaga]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Bfq|Badaga]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Kn|Kannada]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kn|Kannada]]'''
***Tamil-Kodagu
+
** Tamil-Kodagu
****Tamil-Malayalam
+
*** Tamil-Malayalam
*****Malayalam
+
**** Malayalam
******'''[[Portal:Ml|Malayalam]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ml|Malayalam]]'''
*****Tamil
+
**** Tamil
******'''[[Portal:Ta|Tamil]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ta|Tamil]]'''
**Tulu
+
* Tulu
***'''[[Portal:Tcy|Tulu]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Tcy|Tulu]]'''
  
 
=== Eskimo-Aleut languages ===
 
=== Eskimo-Aleut languages ===
*Eskimo
+
==== Eskimo languages ====
**Inuit
+
* Inuit
***'''[[Portal:Iu|Inuktitut]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Iu|Inuktitut]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Kl|Kalaallisut]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Kl|Kalaallisut]]'''
**Yupik
+
* Yupik
***Alaskan
+
** Alaskan
****'''[[Portal:Esu|Yup'ik]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Esu|Yup'ik]]'''
  
 
=== Indo-European languages ===
 
=== Indo-European languages ===
*Albanian
+
==== Albanian languages ====
**Gheg
+
* Gheg
***'''[[Portal:Aln|Gheg Albanian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Aln|Gheg Albanian]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Sq|Albanian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Sq|Albanian]]'''
**Tosk
+
* Tosk
***'''[[Portal:Als|Tosk]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Als|Tosk]]'''
  
*Armenian
+
==== Armenian languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Hy|Armenian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Hy|Armenian]]'''
  
*Baltic
+
==== Baltic languages ====
**Eastern
+
* Eastern
***'''[[Portal:Lv|Latvian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Lv|Latvian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:ltg|Latgalian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:ltg|Latgalian]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Lt|Lithuanian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Lt|Lithuanian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:sgs|Samogitian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:sgs|Samogitian]]'''
**Western
+
* Western
***'''[[Portal:Prg|Prussian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Prg|Prussian]]'''
  
*Celtic
+
==== Celtic languages ====
**Insular
+
* Insular
***Brythonic
+
** Brythonic
****'''[[Portal:Br|Breton]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Br|Breton]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Kw|Cornish]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kw|Cornish]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Cy|Welsh]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Cy|Welsh]]'''
***Goidelic
+
** Goidelic
****'''[[Portal:Ga|Irish]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ga|Irish]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Gv|Manx]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Gv|Manx]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Gd|Scottish Gaelic]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Gd|Scottish Gaelic]]'''
  
*Germanic
+
==== Germanic languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Hrx|Hunsrik]]'''
+
* East
**East
+
** '''[[Portal:Got|Gothic]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Got|Gothic]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Hrx|Hunsrik]]'''
**North
+
* North
***East Scandinavian
+
** East Scandinavian
****Danish-Swedish
+
*** Danish-Swedish
*****Danish-Bokmål
+
**** Danish-Bokmål
******'''[[Portal:Nb|Norwegian Bokmål]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Nb|Norwegian Bokmål]]'''
*****Danish-Riksmål
+
**** Danish-Riksmål
******Danish
+
***** Danish
*******'''[[Portal:Da|Danish]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Da|Danish]]'''
*******'''[[Portal:jut|Jutish]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:jut|Jutish]]'''
*****Swedish
+
**** Swedish
******'''[[Portal:Sv|Swedish]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Sv|Swedish]]'''
***West Scandinavian
+
** West Scandinavian
****'''[[Portal:Fo|Faroese]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Fo|Faroese]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Is|Icelandic]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Is|Icelandic]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Nn|Norwegian Nynorsk]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Nn|Norwegian Nynorsk]]'''
**West
+
* West
***English
+
** English
****'''[[Portal:En|English]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:En|English]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Ang|Old English]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ang|Old English]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Sco|Scots]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sco|Scots]]'''
***Frisian
+
** Frisian
****'''[[Portal:Stq|Saterfriesisch]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Stq|Saterfriesisch]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Fy|West Frisian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Fy|West Frisian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Frr|Northern Frisian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Frr|Northern Frisian]]'''
***Low Saxon-Low Franconian
+
** Low Saxon-Low Franconian
****Low Franconian
+
*** Low Franconian
*****'''[[Portal:Af|Afrikaans]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Af|Afrikaans]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Nl|Dutch]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Nl|Dutch]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Li|Limburgish]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Li|Limburgish]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Vls|West-Vlams]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Vls|West-Vlams]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Zea|Zeelandic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Zea|Zeelandic]]'''
****Low Saxon
+
*** Low Saxon
*****'''[[Portal:Nds|Low German]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Nds|Low German]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Pdt|Plautdietsch]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Pdt|Plautdietsch]]'''
*** High German
+
** High German
**** German
+
*** German
*****Middle German
+
**** Middle German
******East Middle German
+
***** East Middle German
*******'''[[Portal:De|German]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:De|German]]'''
*******'''[[Portal:Sli|Lower Silesian]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Sli|Lower Silesian]]'''
******West Middle German
+
***** West Middle German
*******'''[[Portal:Pdc|Pennsylvania German]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Pdc|Pennsylvania German]]'''
*******Moselle Franconian
+
****** Moselle Franconian
********'''[[Portal:Lb|Luxembourgish]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Lb|Luxembourgish]]'''
*******Rhenisch Franconian
+
****** Rhenisch Franconian
********'''[[Portal:Pfl|Pfälzisch]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Pfl|Pfälzisch]]'''
*******Ripurian Franconian
+
****** Ripurian Franconian
********'''[[Portal:Ksh|Kölsch]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Ksh|Kölsch]]'''
*****Upper German
+
**** Upper German
******Alemannic
+
***** Alemannic
*******'''[[Portal:Gsw|Swiss German]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Gsw|Swiss German]]'''
******Bavarian-Austrian
+
***** Bavarian-Austrian
*******'''[[Portal:Bar|Bavarian]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Bar|Bavarian]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Vmf|Upper Franconian]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Vmf|Upper Franconian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Yi|Yiddish]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Yi|Yiddish]]'''
  
*Greek
+
==== Hellenic languages ====
**Attic
+
* Attic
***'''[[Portal:Grc|Ancient Greek]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Grc|Ancient Greek]]'''
***'''[[Portal:El|Greek]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:El|Greek]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Pnt|Pontic]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Pnt|Pontic]]'''
**Doric
+
* Doric
***'''[[Portal:tsd|Tsakonian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:tsd|Tsakonian]]'''
  
*Indo-Iranian
+
==== Indo-Iranian languages ====
**Indo-Aryan
+
* Indo-Aryan
***'''[[Portal:sa|Sanskrit]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:sa|Sanskrit]]'''
***Central zone
+
** Central zone
****Gujarati
+
*** Gujarati
*****'''[[Portal:Gu|Gujarati]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Gu|Gujarati]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Saz|Saurashtra]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Saz|Saurashtra]]'''
****Panjabi
+
*** Panjabi
***** '''[[Portal:pa|Punjabi]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:pa|Punjabi]]'''
****Romani
+
*** Romani
*****Vlax
+
**** Vlax
****** '''[[Portal:rmy|Vlax Romani]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:rmy|Vlax Romani]]'''
****Western Hindi
+
*** Western Hindi
*****Hindustani
+
**** Hindustani
******'''[[Portal:Hi|Hindi]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Hi|Hindi]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Ur|Urdu]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ur|Urdu]]'''
***Eastern zone
+
** Eastern zone
****Bengali-Assamese
+
*** Bengali-Assamese
*****'''[[Portal:As|Assamese]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:As|Assamese]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Bn|Bengali]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Bn|Bengali]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Bpy|Bishnupriya Manipuri]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Bpy|Bishnupriya Manipuri]]'''
****Bihari
+
*** Bihari
*****'''[[Portal:Anp|Angika]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Anp|Angika]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Bho|Bhojpuri]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Bho|Bhojpuri]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Mai|Maithili]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Mai|Maithili]]'''
****Oriya
+
*** Oriya
*****'''[[Portal:Or|Oriya]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Or|Oriya]]'''
***East-Central zone
+
** East-Central zone
****'''[[Portal:Hif|Fiji Hindi]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Hif|Fiji Hindi]]'''
***Northern zone
+
** Northern zone
****'''[[Portal:Ne|Nepali]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ne|Nepali]]'''
***Northwestern zone
+
** Northwestern zone
****Dardic
+
*** Dardic
*****Chitral
+
**** Chitral
******'''[[Portal:Khw|Khowar]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Khw|Khowar]]'''
******Kashmiri
+
***** Kashmiri
*******'''[[Portal:Ks|Kashmiri]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Ks|Kashmiri]]'''
****Lahnda
+
*** Lahnda
*****'''[[Portal:Pnb|Western Punjabi]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Pnb|Western Punjabi]]'''
****Sindhi
+
*** Sindhi
*****'''[[Portal:sd|Sindhi]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:sd|Sindhi]]'''
***Sinhalese-Maldivian
+
** Sinhalese-Maldivian
****'''[[Portal:Dv|Divehi]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Dv|Divehi]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Si|Sinhalese]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Si|Sinhalese]]'''
***Southern zone
+
** Southern zone
****'''[[Portal:Mr|Marathi]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Mr|Marathi]]'''
*****Konkani
+
**** Konkani
******'''[[Portal:Gom|Goan Konkani]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Gom|Goan Konkani]]'''
***Unclassified
+
** Unclassified
****'''[[Portal:Pi|Pali]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Pi|Pali]]'''
**Iranian
+
* Iranian
***Eastern Iranian
+
** Eastern Iranian
****Northeastern
+
*** Northeastern
*****'''[[Portal:Os|Ossetic]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Os|Ossetic]]'''
****Southeastern Iranian
+
*** Southeastern Iranian
*****'''[[Portal:Ps|Pashto]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ps|Pashto]]'''
***Western Iranian
+
** Western Iranian
****Northwestern Iranian
+
*** Northwestern Iranian
*****Baluchi
+
**** Baluchi
******'''[[Portal:Bcc|Southern Baluchi]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bcc|Southern Baluchi]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Bgn|Western Baluchi]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bgn|Western Baluchi]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Bgp|Eastern Baluchi]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bgp|Eastern Baluchi]]'''
*****Caspian
+
**** Caspian
******'''[[Portal:Glk|Gilaki]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Glk|Gilaki]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Mzn|Mazanderani]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Mzn|Mazanderani]]'''
*****Central Iran
+
**** Central Iran
******'''[[Portal:Gbz|Zoroastrian Dari]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Gbz|Zoroastrian Dari]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Ku|Kurdish]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Ku|Kurdish]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Lki|Laki]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Lki|Laki]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Ckb|Central Kurdish]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ckb|Central Kurdish]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Sdh|Southern Kurdish]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Sdh|Southern Kurdish]]'''
*****Talysh
+
**** Talysh
******'''[[Portal:Tly|Talysh]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Tly|Talysh]]'''
*****Zaza-Gorani
+
**** Zaza-Gorani
******'''[[Portal:Kiu|Kirmanjki]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Kiu|Kirmanjki]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Diq|Zazaki]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Diq|Zazaki]]'''
****Southwestern Iranian
+
*** Southwestern Iranian
*****Luri
+
**** Luri
******'''[[Portal:Bqi|Bakhtiari]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Bqi|Bakhtiari]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Lrc|Northern Luri]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Lrc|Northern Luri]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Luz|Southern Luri]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Luz|Southern Luri]]'''
*****Persian
+
**** Persian
******'''[[Portal:Fa|Persian]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Fa|Persian]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Tg|Tajik]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Tg|Tajik]]'''
******'''[[Portal:Prs|Dari]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Prs|Dari]]'''
*****Tat
+
**** Tat
******'''[[Portal:Ttt|Tat]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ttt|Tat]]'''
  
*Italic
+
==== Italic languages ====
**Latino-Faliscan
+
* Latino-Faliscan
***'''[[Portal:La|Latin]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:La|Latin]]'''
**Romance
+
* Romance
***Eastern
+
** Eastern
****'''[[Portal:Rup|Aromanian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Rup|Aromanian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Ruq|Megleno Romanian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ruq|Megleno Romanian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Ro|Romanian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ro|Romanian]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Mo|Moldovan]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Mo|Moldovan]]'''
***Italo-Western
+
** Italo-Western
****Italo-Dalmatian
+
*** Italo-Dalmatian
*****'''[[Portal:It|Italian]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:It|Italian]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Nap|Neapolitan]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Nap|Neapolitan]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Scn|Sicilian]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Scn|Sicilian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Roa-tara|Tarandíne]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Roa-tara|Tarandíne]]'''
****Western
+
*** Western
*****Gallo-Iberian
+
**** Gallo-Iberian
******Gallo-Romance
+
***** Gallo-Romance
*******Gallo-Italian
+
****** Gallo-Italian
********'''[[Portal:Eml|Emiliano-Romagnolo]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Eml|Emiliano-Romagnolo]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Egl|Emilian]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Egl|Emilian]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Rgn|Romagnol]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Rgn|Romagnol]]'''
********'''[[Portal:Lij|Líguru]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Lij|Líguru]]'''
********'''[[Portal:Lmo|Lombard]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Lmo|Lombard]]'''
********'''[[Portal:Pms|Piedmontese]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Pms|Piedmontese]]'''
********'''[[Portal:Vec|Venetian]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Vec|Venetian]]'''
*******Gallo-Rhaetian
+
****** Gallo-Rhaetian
********Oïl
+
******* Oïl
*********French
+
******** French
**********'''[[Portal:Frc|Cajun French]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Frc|Cajun French]]'''
**********'''[[Portal:Fr|French]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Fr|French]]'''
**********'''[[Portal:Pcd|Picard]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Pcd|Picard]]'''
**********'''[[Portal:Wa|Walloon]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Wa|Walloon]]'''
*********Southeastern
+
******** Southeastern
**********'''[[Portal:Frp|Franco-Provençal]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Frp|Franco-Provençal]]'''
********Rhaetian
+
******* Rhaetian
*********'''[[Portal:Fur|Friulian]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Fur|Friulian]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Rm|Romansch]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Rm|Romansch]]'''
*******Occitano-Romance
+
****** Occitano-Romance
********'''[[Portal:Oc|Occitan]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Oc|Occitan]]'''
******Ibero-Romance
+
***** Ibero-Romance
*******East Iberian
+
****** East Iberian
********'''[[Portal:Ca|Catalan]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Ca|Catalan]]'''
*******West Iberian
+
****** West Iberian
********Asturo-Leonese
+
******* Asturo-Leonese
*********'''[[Portal:Ast|Asturian]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Ast|Asturian]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Mwl|Mirandese]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Mwl|Mirandese]]'''
********Castilian
+
******* Castilian
*********'''[[Portal:Ext|Extremaduran]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Ext|Extremaduran]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Lad|Ladino]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Lad|Ladino]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Es|Spanish]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Es|Spanish]]'''
********Portuguese-Galician
+
******* Portuguese-Galician
*********'''[[Portal:Gl|Galician]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Gl|Galician]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Pt|Portuguese]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Pt|Portuguese]]'''
*****Pyrenean-Mozarabic
+
**** Pyrenean-Mozarabic
******Pyrenean
+
***** Pyrenean
*******'''[[Portal:An|Aragonese]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:An|Aragonese]]'''
***Southern
+
** Southern
****Corsican
+
*** Corsican
*****'''[[Portal:Cos|Corsican]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Cos|Corsican]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Sc|Sardinian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sc|Sardinian]]'''
*****'''[[Portal:Sdc|Sassarese]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Sdc|Sassarese]]'''
  
*Slavic
+
==== Slavic languages ====
**East
+
* East
***'''[[Portal:Be|Belarusian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Be|Belarusian]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Ru|Russian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ru|Russian]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Rue|Rusyn]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Rue|Rusyn]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Uk|Ukrainian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Uk|Ukrainian]]'''
**South
+
* South
***Eastern
+
** Eastern
****'''[[Portal:Bg|Bulgarian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Bg|Bulgarian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Mk|Macedonian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Mk|Macedonian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Cu|Church Slavic]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Cu|Church Slavic]]'''
***Western
+
** Western
****'''[[Portal:Bs|Bosnian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Bs|Bosnian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Hr|Croatian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Hr|Croatian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Sr|Serbian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sr|Serbian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Sl|Slovene]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sl|Slovene]]'''
****'''<nowiki>*</nowiki>[[Portal:Sh|Serbo-Croatian]]'''
+
*** '''<nowiki>*</nowiki>[[Portal:Sh|Serbo-Croatian]]'''
**West
+
* West
***Czech-Slovak
+
** Czech-Slovak
****'''[[Portal:Cs|Czech]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Cs|Czech]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Sk|Slovak]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sk|Slovak]]'''
***Lechitic
+
** Lechitic
****'''[[Portal:Csb|Kashubian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Csb|Kashubian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Pl|Polish]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Pl|Polish]]'''
***Sorbian
+
** Sorbian
****'''[[Portal:Dsb|Lower Sorbian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Dsb|Lower Sorbian]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Hsb|Upper Sorbian]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Hsb|Upper Sorbian]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Szl|Silesian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Szl|Silesian]]'''
  
 
=== Iroquoian languages ===
 
=== Iroquoian languages ===
*Southern Iroquoian
+
==== Southern Iroquoian ====
**'''[[Portal:Chr|Cherokee]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Chr|Cherokee]]'''
  
 
=== Japanese languages ===
 
=== Japanese languages ===
*'''[[Portal:Ja|Japanese]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ja|Japanese]]'''
  
 
=== Kartvelian languages ===
 
=== Kartvelian languages ===
*Georgian
+
==== Georgian languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Ka|Georgian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ka|Georgian]]'''
*Zan
+
==== Zan languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Lzz|Lazuri]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Lzz|Lazuri]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Xmf|Mingrelian]]
+
* '''[[Portal:Xmf|Mingrelian]]
  
=== Macro-Ge ===
+
=== Macro-Ge languages ===
*Ge-Kaingang
+
==== Ge-Kaingang languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Kgp|Kaingang]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Kgp|Kaingang]]'''
  
 
=== Muskogean languages ===
 
=== Muskogean languages ===
*Eastern
+
==== Eastern Muskogean languages ===
**'''[[Portal:Akz|Alabama]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Akz|Alabama]]'''
  
 
=== Niger-Congo languages ===
 
=== Niger-Congo languages ===
*Atlantic-Congo
+
==== Atlantic-Congo languages ====
**Atlantic
+
* Atlantic
***Northern
+
** Northern
****Senegambian
+
*** Senegambian
*****Fula-Wolof
+
**** Fula-Wolof
******'''[[Portal:Ff|Fulah]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ff|Fulah]]'''
******Wolof
+
***** Wolof
*******'''[[Portal:Wo|Wolof]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Wo|Wolof]]'''
**Volta-Congo
+
* Volta-Congo
***Benue-Congo
+
** Benue-Congo
****Bantoid
+
*** Bantoid
*****Southern
+
**** Southern
******Narrow Bantu
+
***** Narrow Bantu
*******Central
+
****** Central
********G
+
******* G
*********Swahili (G.40)
+
******** Swahili (G.40)
**********'''[[Portal:Swb|Comorian]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Swb|Comorian]]'''
**********'''[[Portal:Sw|Swahili]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Sw|Swahili]]'''
********H
+
******* H
*********Kongo (H.10)
+
******** Kongo (H.10)
**********'''[[Portal:Kg|Kongo]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Kg|Kongo]]'''
********J
+
******* J
*********Nyoro-Ganda (J.10)
+
******** Nyoro-Ganda (J.10)
**********'''[[Portal:Lg|Luganda]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Lg|Luganda]]'''
********R
+
******* R
*********'''[[Portal:Hz|Herero]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Hz|Herero]]'''
********S
+
******* S
*********Nguni (S.40)
+
******** Nguni (S.40)
**********'''[[Portal:Ss|Swati]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Ss|Swati]]'''
*********Sotho-Tswana (S.30)
+
******** Sotho-Tswana (S.30)
**********Sotho
+
********* Sotho
***********Northern
+
********** Northern
************'''[[Portal:Nso|Northern Sotho]]'''
+
*********** '''[[Portal:Nso|Northern Sotho]]'''
**********'''[[Portal:Loz|Lozi]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Loz|Lozi]]'''
*********'''[[Portal:Ts|Tsonga]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Ts|Tsonga]]'''
**********Tswana
+
********* Tswana
***********'''[[Portal:Tn|Tswana]]'''
+
********** '''[[Portal:Tn|Tswana]]'''
*******Northwest
+
****** Northwest
********A
+
******* A
*********Bafia (A 50)
+
******** Bafia (A 50)
**********'''[[Portal:Ksf|Bafia]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Ksf|Bafia]]'''
********C
+
******* C
*********Bangi-Ntomba (C.40)
+
******** Bangi-Ntomba (C.40)
**********Lusengo
+
********* Lusengo
***********'''[[Portal:Ln|Lingala]]'''
+
********** '''[[Portal:Ln|Lingala]]'''
****Defoid
+
*** Defoid
*****Yoruboid
+
**** Yoruboid
******Edekiri
+
***** Edekiri
*******'''[[Portal:Yo|Yoruba]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Yo|Yoruba]]'''
****Igboid
+
*** Igboid
*****Igbo
+
**** Igbo
******'''[[Portal:Ig|Igbo]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ig|Igbo]]'''
***Kwa
+
** Kwa
****Left Bank
+
*** Left Bank
*****Gbe
+
**** Gbe
******'''[[Portal:Ee|Ewe]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Ee|Ewe]]'''
****Nyo
+
*** Nyo
*****Potou-Tano
+
**** Potou-Tano
******Tano
+
***** Tano
*******Central
+
****** Central
********Akan
+
******* Akan
*********'''[[Portal:Ak|Akan]]'''
+
******** '''[[Portal:Ak|Akan]]'''
***North
+
** North
****Gur
+
*** Gur
*****Central
+
**** Central
******Northern
+
***** Northern
*******Oti-Volta
+
****** Oti-Volta
********Western
+
******* Western
*********Northwest
+
******** Northwest
**********'''[[Portal:Gur|Gurene]]'''
+
********* '''[[Portal:Gur|Gurene]]'''
*Mande
+
==== Mande languages ====
**Western
+
* Western
***Central-Southwestern
+
** Central-Southwestern
****Central
+
*** Central
*****Manding-Jogo
+
**** Manding-Jogo
******Manding-Vai
+
***** Manding-Vai
*******Manding-Mokole
+
****** Manding-Mokole
********Manding
+
******* Manding
*********Manding-East
+
******** Manding-East
**********Northeastern Manding
+
********* Northeastern Manding
***********Bamana
+
********** Bamana
************'''[[Portal:Bm|Bambara]]'''
+
*********** '''[[Portal:Bm|Bambara]]'''
  
 
=== Nilo-Saharan languages ===
 
=== Nilo-Saharan languages ===
*Songhai
+
==== Songhai languages ====
**Southern
+
* Southern
***'''[[Portal:Ses|Koyraboro Senni]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ses|Koyraboro Senni]]'''
  
 
=== North Caucasian languages ===
 
=== North Caucasian languages ===
*East Caucasian
+
==== East Caucasian languages ====
**Avar-Andic
+
* Avar-Andic
***[[Portal:av|Avar]]
+
** [[Portal:av|Avar]]
**Lezgic
+
* Lezgic
***Nuclear Lezgic
+
** Nuclear Lezgic
****East Lezgic
+
*** East Lezgic
*****'''[[Portal:Lez|Lezghian]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Lez|Lezghian]]'''
****West Lezgic
+
*** West Lezgic
*****'''[[Portal:Tkr|Tsakhur]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Tkr|Tsakhur]]'''
**Nakh
+
* Nakh
***Chechen-Ingush
+
** Chechen-Ingush
****'''[[Portal:Ce|Chechen]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Ce|Chechen]]'''
****'''[[Portal:Inh|Ingush]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Inh|Ingush]]'''
*West Caucasian
+
==== West Caucasian languages ====
**Abkhaz-Abazin
+
* Abkhaz-Abazin
***'''[[Portal:Ab|Abkhazian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Ab|Abkhazian]]'''
**Circassian
+
* Circassian
***'''[[Portal:Ady|Adyghe]]'''<!--not in supported languages special page because Ady is disabled in favour of the variant Ady-cyrl, which is active-->
+
** '''[[Portal:Ady|Adyghe]]'''<!--not in supported languages special page because Ady is disabled in favour of the variant Ady-cyrl, which is active-->
***'''[[Portal:Kbd|Kabardian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Kbd|Kabardian]]'''
  
=== Paezan ===
+
=== Paezan languages ===
*Paezan
+
Paezan
**'''[[Portal:Pbb|Páez]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Pbb|Páez]]'''
  
=== Quechua ===
+
=== Quechua languages ===
*'''[[Portal:Qu|Quechua]]'''
+
==== '''[[Portal:Qu|Quechua]]''' macrolanguage ====
**Quechua II
+
* Quechua II
***B
+
** B
****'''[[Portal:Qug|Runa Shimi]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Qug|Runa Shimi]]'''
  
 
=== Sino-Tibetan languages ===
 
=== Sino-Tibetan languages ===
*'''[[Portal:Zh|Chinese]]'''
+
==== '''[[Portal:Zh|Chinese]]''' macrolanguage ====
**'''[[Portal:Yue|Cantonese]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Yue|Cantonese]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Gan|Gan]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Gan|Gan]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Hak|Hakka]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Hak|Hakka]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Lzh|Literary Chinese]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Lzh|Literary Chinese]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Nan|Min Nan Chinese]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Nan|Min Nan Chinese]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Wuu|Wuu]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Wuu|Wuu]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Hsn|Xiang Chinese]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Hsn|Xiang Chinese]]'''
  
*Tibeto-Burman
+
==== Tibeto-Burman languages ====
**Himalayish
+
* Himalayish
***Mahakiranti
+
** Mahakiranti
****Newari
+
*** Newari
*****'''[[Portal:New|Newari]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:New|Newari]]'''
***Tibeto-Kanauri
+
** Tibeto-Kanauri
****Tibetic
+
*** Tibetic
*****Tibetan
+
**** Tibetan
******Central
+
***** Central
*******'''[[Portal:Bo|Tibetan]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Bo|Tibetan]]'''
******Southern
+
***** Southern
*******'''[[Portal:Dz|Dzongkha]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Dz|Dzongkha]]'''
**Kuki-Chin-Naga
+
* Kuki-Chin-Naga
***Kuki-Chin
+
** Kuki-Chin
****Central
+
*** Central
*****'''[[Portal:Lus|Mizo ṭawng]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Lus|Mizo ṭawng]]'''
***Naga
+
** Naga
****Ao
+
*** Ao
*****'''[[Portal:Njo|Ao]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Njo|Ao]]'''
**Lolo-Burmese
+
* Lolo-Burmese
***Burmish
+
** Burmish
****Southern
+
*** Southern
*****'''[[Portal:My|Burmese]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:My|Burmese]]'''
  
 
=== Siouan-Catawban Languages ===
 
=== Siouan-Catawban Languages ===
*Siouan
+
==== Siouan Languages ====
**Mississippi Valley-Ohio Valley Siouan
+
* Mississippi Valley-Ohio Valley Siouan
***Mississippi Valley Siouan
+
** Mississippi Valley Siouan
****Dakota
+
*** Dakota
*****'''[[Portal:Lkt|Lakota]]'''
+
**** '''[[Portal:Lkt|Lakota]]'''
  
 
=== Tacanan languages ===
 
=== Tacanan languages ===
*Araona-Tacana
+
==== Araona-Tacana languages ====
**Araona
+
* Araona
***'''[[Portal:Aro|Araona]]
+
** '''[[Portal:Aro|Araona]]
  
 
=== Tai-Kadai languages ===
 
=== Tai-Kadai languages ===
*Kam-Tai
+
==== Kam-Tai languages ====
**Be-Tai
+
* Be-Tai
***Tai-Sek
+
** Tai-Sek
****Tai
+
*** Tai
*****Northern
+
**** Northern
******'''[[Portal:Za|Zhuang]]'''
+
***** '''[[Portal:Za|Zhuang]]'''
*****Southwestern
+
**** Southwestern
******East Central
+
***** East Central
*******Chiang Saeng
+
****** Chiang Saeng
********'''[[Portal:Th|Thai]]'''
+
******* '''[[Portal:Th|Thai]]'''
******Lao-Phutai
+
***** Lao-Phutai
*******'''[[Portal:Lo|Lao]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Lo|Lao]]'''
******Northwest
+
***** Northwest
*******'''[[Portal:Shn|Shan]]'''
+
****** '''[[Portal:Shn|Shan]]'''
  
 
=== Tupian languages ===
 
=== Tupian languages ===
*Tupí-Guaraní
+
==== Tupí-Guaraní languages ====
**Guaraní (I)
+
* Guaraní (I)
***'''[[Portal:Gn|Guaraní]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Gn|Guaraní]]'''
**Sub-group III
+
* Sub-group III
***'''[[Portal:Yrl|Nhengatu]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Yrl|Nhengatu]]'''
  
 
=== Uralic languages ===
 
=== Uralic languages ===
*Finnic
+
==== Finnic languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Et|Estonian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Et|Estonian]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Vro|Võro]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Vro|Võro]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Fi|Finnish]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Fi|Finnish]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Izh|Ingrian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Izh|Ingrian]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Krl|Karelian]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Krl|Karelian]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Liv|Liv]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Liv|Liv]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Fit|Tornedalen Finnish]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Fit|Tornedalen Finnish]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Vep|Veps]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Vep|Veps]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Vot|Votic]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Vot|Votic]]'''
*Finno-Ugric
+
==== Finno-Ugric languages ====
**Ugric
+
* Ugric
***'''[[Portal:Hu|Hungarian]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Hu|Hungarian]]'''
*Mari
+
==== Mari languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Mhr|Eastern Mari]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Mhr|Eastern Mari]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Mrj|Hill Mari]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Mrj|Hill Mari]]'''
*Mordvin
+
==== Mordvin languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Myv|Erzya]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Myv|Erzya]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Mdf|Moksha]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Mdf|Moksha]]'''
*Permian
+
==== Permian languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Kv|Komi]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Kv|Komi]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Koi|Komi-Permyak]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Koi|Komi-Permyak]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Udm|Udmurt]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Udm|Udmurt]]'''
*Sami
+
==== Sami languages ====
**Western
+
* Western
***Northern
+
** Northern
****'''[[Portal:Se|Northern Sami]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Se|Northern Sami]]'''
***Southern
+
** Southern
****'''[[Portal:Sma|Southern Sami]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Sma|Southern Sami]]'''
  
=== Uto-Aztecan ===
+
=== Uto-Aztecan languages ===
*Southern Uto-Aztecan
+
==== Southern Uto-Aztecan languages ====
**Aztecan
+
* Aztecan
***General Aztec
+
** General Aztec
****'''[[Portal:Nah|Nahuatl]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Nah|Nahuatl]]'''
  
 
== Creole languages ==
 
== Creole languages ==
*English based
+
==== English-based creole languages ====
**Atlantic
+
* Atlantic
***Krio
+
** Krio
****'''[[Portal:Kri|Krio]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Kri|Krio]]'''
***Suriname
+
** Suriname
****'''[[Portal:Srn|Sranan]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Srn|Sranan]]'''
***Western
+
** Western
****'''[[Portal:Jam|Jamaican Creole English]]'''
+
*** '''[[Portal:Jam|Jamaican Creole English]]'''
**Pacific
+
* Pacific
***'''[[Portal:Bi|Bislama]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Bi|Bislama]]'''
***'''[[Portal:Tpi|Tok Pisin]]'''
+
** '''[[Portal:Tpi|Tok Pisin]]'''
*French based
+
==== French-based creole languages ====
**'''[[Portal:Ht|Haitian Creole]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Gcf|Guadeloupean Creole]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Mfe|Morisyen]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ht|Haitian Creole]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Rcf|Reunion Creole French]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Mfe|Morisyen]]'''
*Iberian based
+
* '''[[Portal:Rcf|Reunion Creole French]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Pap|Papiamentu]]'''
+
==== Iberian-based creole languages ====
*Malay based
+
* '''[[Portal:Pap|Papiamentu]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Abs|Ambonese Malay]]'''
+
==== Malay-based creole languages ====
*Ngbandi based
+
* '''[[Portal:Abs|Ambonese Malay]]'''
**'''[[Portal:sg|Sango]]'''
+
==== Ngbandi based Creole languages ====
*Portuguese based
+
* '''[[Portal:sg|Sango]]'''
**'''[[Portal:Kea|Kabuverdianu]]'''
+
==== Portuguese-based creole languages ====
*Spanish based
+
* '''[[Portal:Kea|Kabuverdianu]]'''
**Chavacano
+
==== Spanish-based creole languages ====
***'''[[Portal:Cbk-zam|Chavacano de Zamboanga]]'''
+
* Chavacano
 +
** '''[[Portal:Cbk-zam|Chavacano de Zamboanga]]'''
  
 
== Isolated languages ==
 
== Isolated languages ==
*'''[[Portal:Eu|Basque]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Eu|Basque]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Sei|Cmique Itom]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Sei|Cmique Itom]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Ko|Korean]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ko|Korean]]'''
  
 
== Deaf sign languages ==
 
== Deaf sign languages ==
*'''[[Portal:Ase|American sign language]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ase|American sign language]]'''
  
 
== Artificial languages ==
 
== Artificial languages ==
*'''[[Portal:Eo|Esperanto]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Eo|Esperanto]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Ia|Interlingua]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Io|Ido]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Ie|Interlingue]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ia|Interlingua]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Io|Ido]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Ie|Interlingue]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Avk|Kotava]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Avk|Kotava]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Lfn|Lingua Franca Nova]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Lfn|Lingua Franca Nova]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Jbo|Lojban]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Jbo|Lojban]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Nov|Novial]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Nov|Novial]]'''
*'''[[Portal:Vo|Volapük]]'''
+
* '''[[Portal:Vo|Volapük]]'''
  
 
[[Category:Languages| {{PAGENAME}}]]
 
[[Category:Languages| {{PAGENAME}}]]
 
[[Category:Localisation statistics| {{PAGENAME}}]]
 
[[Category:Localisation statistics| {{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 22:56, 22 June 2019

This is a schematic list of supported languages with translators in translatewiki.net by the language family they belong to. The information is drawn from Ethnologue or Linguist List, or where those do not apply, the English Wikipedia.

Contents

Natural language families

Afro-Asiatic languages

Berber languages

Chadic languages

Cushitic languages

Semitic languages

Algic languages

Algonquian languages

Altaic languages

Mongolian languages

Tungusic languages

Turkic languages

Araucanian languages

Arawakan languages

  • Maipuran
    • Northern Maipuran

Austro-Asiatic languages

Mon-Khmer languages

Munda languages

Austronesian languages

Malayo-Polynesian languages

Formosan

Aymaran languages

Carib languages

Northern Carib languages

  • East-West Guiana
    • Macushi-Kapon
      • Kapon

Dravidian languages

Northern Dravidian languages

South-Central Dravidian languages

Southern Dravidian languages

Eskimo-Aleut languages

Eskimo languages

Indo-European languages

Albanian languages

Armenian languages

Baltic languages

Celtic languages

Germanic languages

Hellenic languages

Indo-Iranian languages

Italic languages

Slavic languages

Iroquoian languages

Southern Iroquoian

Japanese languages

Kartvelian languages

Georgian languages

Zan languages

Macro-Ge languages

Ge-Kaingang languages

Muskogean languages

= Eastern Muskogean languages

Niger-Congo languages

Atlantic-Congo languages

Mande languages

  • Western
    • Central-Southwestern
      • Central
        • Manding-Jogo
          • Manding-Vai
            • Manding-Mokole
              • Manding
                • Manding-East
                  • Northeastern Manding

Nilo-Saharan languages

Songhai languages

North Caucasian languages

East Caucasian languages

West Caucasian languages

Paezan languages

Paezan

Quechua languages

Quechua macrolanguage

Sino-Tibetan languages

Chinese macrolanguage

Tibeto-Burman languages

Siouan-Catawban Languages

Siouan Languages

  • Mississippi Valley-Ohio Valley Siouan
    • Mississippi Valley Siouan

Tacanan languages

Araona-Tacana languages

Tai-Kadai languages

Kam-Tai languages

  • Be-Tai
    • Tai-Sek
      • Tai
        • Northern
        • Southwestern
          • East Central
          • Lao-Phutai
          • Northwest

Tupian languages

Tupí-Guaraní languages

Uralic languages

Finnic languages

Finno-Ugric languages

Mari languages

Mordvin languages

Permian languages

Sami languages

Uto-Aztecan languages

Southern Uto-Aztecan languages

Creole languages

English-based creole languages

French-based creole languages

Iberian-based creole languages

Malay-based creole languages

Ngbandi based Creole languages

Portuguese-based creole languages

Spanish-based creole languages

Isolated languages

Deaf sign languages

Artificial languages