Languages by language family

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This is a schematic list of supported languages with translators in translatewiki.net.

They sorted by the language family, and subfamilies they belong to, and sometimes in their parent macrolanguage (according to ISO 639-3, or their registration in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags) when one is defined for them.

Individual languages that are part of a defined macrolanguage are listed according to ISO 639-3 information, which should also match their individual entries in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags.

The information is drawn from Ethnologue or Linguist List (also indexed on GlottoLog with research papers and ample bibliography, including for historic languages or languages still not distinguished or encoded in any standard), or where those do not apply, the English Wikipedia. All these sources are also referenced informatively on the official website of the registration agency (SIL) for the international ISO 639-3 standard. But not all legacy ISO 639 codes are valid (the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags is still the single standard and data source we must comply with).

The links on language families go to their existing category in this wiki. The links on individual languages (or macrolanguages) go to their portal on this wiki (Please help categorizing these languages, preferably in non-controversial families as the language classification is not completely established between its numerous branches).

Extinct (or dormant) languages are marked with (†), and distinctive languages without any ISO 639 code assignment are marked with [?]. They are normally not eligible for translations on translatewiki.net, due to lack of reliable translators (except searchers or linguists for reconstruction or historical studies, or encoding of old texts, for example in Wikisource). In this case, there's probably no need to translate the UI in these languages until an active community is restored and wants to use it for their communication (some exceptions may exist as a secondary language for example in religious and ceremonial use). Users that want to translate in these languages should group themselves and manifest it (for example by registering themselves in the language portal, even if it's still marked as disabled, or using the Babelbox), and should initiate a test wiki in that language for example In Wikimedia Incubator to start developing that language but it's more probable they will just need a Wikisource Incubator or a specific category in an existing Wikisource for encoding old texts, using another UI language for their cooperation.


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Natural language families

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Afroasiatic languages

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Berber languages:
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  • Awjilah [auj]
  • Guanche (†) [gnc]
  • Kabyle-Atlas Berber (or Northern Berber) languages (see below)
  • Tuareg languages (see below)
  • Zenatic languages (see below)
  • Western Berber languages
  • Libyan-Egyptian Oases Berber languages
    • Sawknah-Fogaha (†) [swn]
    • Siwi [siz]
  • Ghadames [gha]
    • Ayt Waziten
    • Elt Ulid
  • Nafusi [jbn]
    • Jbali-Tamezret
    • Jerba
    • Jerbi
    • Tamezret
    • Zuara
Kabyle-Atlas Berber languages:
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Tuareg languages:
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  • Tahaggart Tamahaq [thv]
    • Ghat
    • Hoggar
  • Southern Tuareg languages
    • Tayart Tamajeq [thz]
      • Air (Berber)
      • Tanassfarwat
    • Tamasheq [taq]
      • Tadghaq
      • Tadhaq
      • Timbuktu
    • Tawallammat Tamajaq [ttq]
      • Ioullemmeden
      • Tawallammat Tan Ataram
      • Tawallammat Tan Dannag
Zenatic languages:
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  • Shawiya (or Chaouia of the Aures) [shy]
  • Tunisian-Zuwara Berber [?]
  • Western Algerian Berber [cnu]
  • Tarifit (or Tarifiyt-Beni-Iznasen-Eastern Middle Atlas Berber) [rif]
    • Iznasen (or Iznacen, Beni Snassen)
    • Eastern Middle Atlas Berber (or Berkan Berber)
    • Riffian (or Tarifiyt)
      • Central Riffian (or Nador Tarifiyt)
      • West Riffian (or Al Hoceima Tarifiyt)
  • Sened [sds]
    • Nuclear Sened
    • Tmagourt
  • Northern Saharan Oasis Berber languages
    • Tumzabt [mzb]
    • Tidikelt-Tuat Tamazight [tia]
      • Tidikelt
      • Tit
    • Sud Oranais-Gourara [grr]
      • Gourara
      • South Oran
      • Touat
    • Ouargli-Oued Righ languages
      • Oued Righ [tjo]
      • Ouargli [oua]
        • Ouedghir
        • Tariyit
        • Temacin
Chadic languages:
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Biu-Mandara languages:
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  • Jilbe (or Yilbe, Zoulbou) [jie]
  • North Biu-Mandara languages (see below)
  • South Biu-Mandara languages (see below)
  • Hurza languages
    • Mbuko (or Mbuku, Mboku, Mbokou, Mboko) [mqb]
    • Vame (or Maslava) [mlr]
      • Dume (Vame)
      • Hurzo (or Hurza, Hurza-Vame)
      • Mberem
      • Ndreme
      • Pelasla
North Biu-Mandara languages:
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  • Kotoko-Buduma languages (see below)
  • Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages (see below)
  • Gidar (or Guidar, Guider, Gidder, Kada, Baynawa) [gid]
    • Lam
  • Maroua (or Marva, Mi Marva) languages
    • Baldemu (or Baldamu, Baldare, Balda, Mbazla) [bdn]
    • Giziga (or Gisiga, Gisika, Guiziga, Giziga de Maroua) languages
      • North Giziga , Tchere, Dogba) [gis]
        • Muturuwa
      • South Giziga (or Gisiga-South, Giziga-South) [giz]
        • Mi Mijivin
        • Muturami
        • Rum
  • Musguic languages
    • Muskum (†) [mje]
    • Musgu-Mbara languages
      • Mbara (Chad) [mpk]
      • Musgu [mug]
        • Munjuk-Sud
        • Munjuk-Nord
          • Beege
          • Mpus
          • Muzuk
          • Vulum
  • Higic languages
    • Hya (or Ghye, Za) [hya]
    • Psikye (or Kamsiki, Pksake) [kvj]
      • Nuclear Psikye
      • Wula
      • Zlenge
    • Nkafa-Kirya-Bana languages
      • Bana (or Baza, Ka-Bana, Koma, Mizeran) [bcw]
        • Gamboura
        • Gili
      • Nkafa-Kirya languages
        • Kamwe (or Koma, Ka-Bana, Mbana, Bana, Baza, Mizeran) [bcw]
        • Kirya-Konzel [fkk]
  • Lamang-Hdi languages
    • Hdi (or Hde, Hide, Xadi, Xedi, Hedi) [xed]
      • Tur (or Turu-Hide, Turu, Tourou, Ftour)
    • Vemgo-Mabas (or Mabas) [vem]
      • Vemgo
      • Visik
    • Lamang (or Laamang, Mandara Group B) [hia]
      • Ghudavan (or Gbuhwe)
      • Zaladva
      • Central Laamang
        • Dlige
        • Hedkala (or Hitkala)
        • Waga (or Waha)
      • North Laamang
        • Dzuba
        • Gwoza
        • Leghva
        • Zaladeva
Kotoko-Buduma languages:
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  • Buduma (or Boudouma, Yadena, Yedana, Yedima, Yedina, Yidana, Yidena) [bdm]
    • Kuri (Buduma) (or Buduma-Kuri)
    • Northern Buduma
    • Nuclear Buduma
    • Southern Buduma
  • Kotoko Meridional languages
    • Jina [jia]
      • Mo’e
      • Muhulu
      • Zina (or Zine)
    • Majera (Mayera, Mazera, Mida’a, Midah, Da’a, Daa) [xmj]
      • Hwalem
      • Kajire-’dulo
      • Nuclear Majera
  • Kotoko Central languages
    • Lagwan (or Lagouane, Lagwane, Lagwan Kotoko, Kotoko-Logone, Logone) [kot]
      • Affade
      • Logone-Birni (or Logone-Birni Kotoko)
      • Logone-Gana
    • Mser (or Kotoko-Kuseri, Kuseri, Kouseri, Kousseri, Mandage, Mandague, Mendage, Klesem) [kqx]
      • Gawi
      • Houlouf
      • Kabe
      • Kalo
      • Nuclear Mser
  • Kotoko Septentrional (or Mandage, Mandague, Mandagué, Mendage) languages
    • Kotoko Septentrional 1 languages
      • Afade (or Affade, Afadeh, Afada, Mogari, Ngala) [aal]
      • Maslam (or Kotoko-Maltam, Maltam) [msv]
        • Nuclear Maslam
        • Sao
    • Kotoko Septentrional 2 languages
      • Ngala of Lake Chad (†) [?]
      • Malgbe (or Malbe, Malgwe, Ngwalkwe, Sanbalbe) [mxf]
        • Douguia
        • Dro
        • Goulfey (Goulfei, Gulfei, Kotoko-Gulfei, Gulfe)
        • Mara (Malgbe)
        • Nuclear Malgbe
        • Walia (Malgbe)
      • Mpade [mpi]
        • Bodo (Mpade)
        • Digam
        • Makari (or Kotoko-Makari, Makary, Mackeri)
        • Nuclear Mpade
        • Shoe
        • Woulki
Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages:
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South Biu-Mandara languages:
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Masa languages:
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  • North Masa languages
    • Marba-Musey-Ham languages
      • Ham [?]
      • Marba [mpg]
        • Monogoy
      • Musey [mse]
        • Bongor-Jodo-Tagal-Berem-Gunu
        • Jaraw-Domo
        • Lew
        • Pe (Chadic)
        • Pe-Holom-Gamé
    • Masa-Gizey-Zumaya languages
      • Gizey [?]
      • Zumaya [zuy]
      • Masana (or Massa) [mcn]
        • Banana
        • Bongor
        • Budugum
        • Bugudum
        • Gumay
        • Central Masa
          • Gizay
          • Wina
        • West Masa
          • Domo
          • Walia
          • Yagwa
  • South Masa languages
    • Herde [hed]
    • Ngete [nnn]
    • Mesme (or Zime, Djime) [zim]
      • Bero
      • Zamre
    • Peve (or Lamé, Kado) [lme]
      • Dari (Chadic)
      • Doe (Chadic)
      • Lamé
East Chadic A languages:
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East Chadic B languages:
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West Chadic A languages:
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  • West Chadic A.1 languages
    • Gwandara [gwn]
      • Gwandara Eastern
      • Gwandara Gitata
      • Gwandara Karashi
      • Gwandara Koro
      • Gwandara Southern
      • Nimbia
    • Hausa [ha]
      • Aderawa
      • Damagaram
      • Dawra
      • Gaya
      • Kurfey
      • Eastern Hausa
        • Hadejiya
        • Kano
        • Katagum
      • North Hausa
        • Arawa
        • Arewa
      • Western Hausa
        • Adarawa
        • Gobirawa
        • Katsina
        • Kebbawa
        • Sokoto (Hausa)
        • Zamfarawa
  • West Chadic A.2-3 languages
    • West Chadic A.2 languages
      • Boleic languages
        • Bure (or Bubbure, Bubburè, Bubure) [bvh]
        • Maaka (or Maka, Maga, Magha, Maha) [mew]
        • Nyam (or Nyambolo) [nmi]
        • Kholok (or Kode, Koode, Kwoode, Pia, Pitiko, Piya, Widala, Wurkum) [ktc]
        • Kunshenu
        • Karekare (or Karai Karai, Karaikarai, Kerekere, Kerrikerri) [kai]
          • Birkai
          • Jalalam
          • Kwarta Mataci
        • Nuclear Boleic languages
          • Gera-Geruma-Kubi-Deno languages
            • Kubi-Deno languages
              • Deno (or Denawa, Denwa) [dbb]
              • Kubi (or Kuba, Kubawa, Be) [kof]
            • Gera-Geruma languages
              • Gera (or Gerawa) [gew]
              • Geruma (or Gerumawa, Gerema, Germa) [gea]
                • Duurum
                • Gamsawa
                • Sum
          • Galambu-Bele languages
            • Galambu (or Galambe, Galambi, Galembi) [glo]
            • Kirfi-Bele languages
              • Giiwo (or Bu Giiwo, Kirfi, Kirifi, Kirifawa) [kks]
              • Ngamo-Bele languages
                • Ngamo (or Gamo, Gamawa, Ngamawa) [nbh]
                • Bolanci-Bele languages
                  • Beele (or Bele, Àbéélé, Bellawa) [bxq]
                  • Bole (or Bolewa, Bolawa, Bolanchi, Borpika, Daza, Dazawa, Ampika) [bol]
                    • Fika Bole
                    • Gadam-Bara
      • Tangalic languages
        • Dera (Nigeria) (or Kanakuru) [kna]
          • Gasi
          • Shani
          • Shellen
        • Nuclear Tangalic languages
          • Kushi (or Kushe, Goji, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [kuh]
          • Pero (or Pipero, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [pip]
          • Piya-Kwonci (or Ambandi, Wurkum) [piy]
            • Kwonci
            • Piya (or Pia, Pitiko)
          • Tangale-Kwami-Kupto languages
            • Tangale (or Tanagale, Tangle) [tan]
              • Biliri
              • Kaltungo
              • Shongom
              • Ture
            • Kwami-Kupto languages
              • Kutto (or Kúttò, Kupto) [kpa]
              • Kwaami (or Kwami, Kwamanchi, Kwam, Kwom, Komawa) [ksq]
    • West Chadic A.3 languages
  • West Chadic A.4 languages
    • Fyer-Tambas languages
    • Ronic languages
West Chadic B languages:
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  • West Chadic B.1 (or Bade) languages
    • Duwai (or Eastern Bade, Evji) [dgp]
    • Ngizim-Southwestern Bade languages
      • Ngizim (or Ngizimanci, Ngezzim, Ngizmawa, Ngo:djin, Ngojin) [ngi]
      • Shira-Southwestern Bade languages
        • Shira languages (†)
          • Auyokawa (or Auyo, Auyakawa, Awiaka) (†) [auo]
          • Teshenawa (or Teshena) (†) [twc]
        • Bade (Badé, Bede, Bedde, Gidgid) [bde]
          • Gashua Bade
          • Shirawa
          • Southern Bade
          • Western Bade
  • West Chadic B.2 languages
    • Ajawa (or Aja, Ajanci) (†) [ajw]
    • Ciwogai (or Sago, Tsagu) [tgd]
    • Diri (or Diriya, Dirya, Diryawa) [dwa]
    • Mburku (or Mburkanci, Burkanawa, Kanawa, Barko, Barke, Lipkawa, Kariya Wuufu, Wudufu) [bbt]
    • Pa’a (or Pala, Pa’awa, Fa’awa, Afawa, Afa, Afanci, Fucaka, Foni) [pqa]
    • Siri (or Sirawa) [sir]
    • Zumbun (or Jimbin, Jimbinawa) [jmb]
    • Warji-Gala-Kariya languages
      • Kariya (or Kariya Lipkawa, Kariyu, Kauyawa, Vinahe, Wihe) [kil]
      • Warji (or Werji, Warja, Warjawa, Ajawa, Ajanci, Aja, Sarawa, Sar, Sirzakwai) [wji]
      • Miya (or Miyawa, Muya) [mkf]
        • Demshin
        • Faishang
        • Federe
        • Fursum
        • Gala
  • West Chadic B.3 (or South Bauchi) languages
    • South Bauchi East languages
      • Boghomic languages
        • Boghom (or Bogghom, Boghorom, Bohom, Borrom, Burom, Bogham, Bokiyim, Burrum, Burum, Burma, Saya Group C, Zaar Group C) [bux]
        • Kir-Mangas languages
          • Kir-Balar (or Kir, Kirr, Larbawa) [kkr]
          • Mangas [zns]
      • Guruntumic (or Gurdung, Gùrdùŋ, Guruntum, Gùrùntùm) languages
        • Jimi (Nigeria) (or Bi-Gimu) [jmi]
          • Zumo
        • Guruntum-Mbaaru (or Gurdu-Mbaaru) [grd]
          • Dooka
          • Gar
          • Gayar
          • Karakara
          • Kuuku
          • Lungu
          • Mbaaru
        • Tala-Sho-Zangwal languages
          • Ju (or Sho) [juu]
          • Tala [tak]
          • Zangwal (or Zwangal, Twar) [zah]
    • South Bauchi West languages
      • Northwest South Bauchi languages
        • Geji (or Gejawa, Gezawa, Kayauri) [gji]
          • Bolu (or Pelu, Magang)
          • Nuclear Geji
          • Zaranda (or Buu)
        • Polcic languages
          • Luri (or Lurí, Lúr, Lur) [ldd]
          • Polci (or Palci) [plj]
            • Baram
            • Buli (Polci)
            • Dir
            • Langas
            • Polchi (or Palchi)
            • Zul
      • Southwest South Bauchi languages
        • Dass or (Barawa of Dass, Barawa) [dot]
          • Dakshi
          • Durr-Baraza
          • Wandi
          • Zumbul
        • Zeem (or Zeemo) [zua]
          • Danshe
          • Lushi
          • Nuclear Zeem
        • Zakse-Saya languages
          • Dyarim [?]
          • Saya (or Sayanci, Sayara, Sayawa, Seiyara, Seiyawa, Seya, Seyawa, Vigzar, Vikzar, Zaar, Gambar Leere, Kal, Lusa) [say]
          • Zari (or Zariwa) [zaz]
            • Boto
            • Nuclear Zari
            • Zakshi (or Zaksa)
Cushitic languages:
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  • Agaw languages (see below)
  • Beja [bej]
    • Ababda
    • Amara (Beja)
    • Beni-Amir
    • Bisharin
    • Hadareb
    • Hadendoa
  • East Cushitic languages
    • Boon [bnl]
    • Dahalo [dal]
    • Highland East Cushitic languages (see below)
    • Lowland East Cushitic languages (see below)
  • South Cushitic languages
    • Aasax (†) [aas]
    • Kw’adza (†) [wka]
    • West Rift South Cushitic languages
      • Burunge [bds]
      • Northern West Rift South Cushitic languages
        • Alagwa [wbj]
        • Iraqwoid languages
          • Gorowa [gow]
          • Iraqw [irk]
            • Asa
Agaw languages:
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  • Awngi [awn]
    • Dega
    • Kunfäl
    • Kwolla
  • Northern-Eastern-Western Agaw languages
    • Qimant [ahg]
      • Dembiya
      • Falasha
      • Kimant
      • Qwara
    • Northeastern Agaw languages
      • Bilin [byn]
      • Xamtanga [xan]
        • Khamir
        • Transitional Eastern Agaw
          • Kailina
          • Semen Agaw
Highland East Cushitic languages:
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  • Burji [bji]
  • Sidaama-Hadiyya-Kambaata languages
    • Sidaama-Gedeo languages
      • Gedeo (or Darassa, Derasanya) [drs]
      • Sidamo [sid]
    • Hadiyya-Kambaata languages
      • Hadiyyaic languages
        • Libido [liq]
        • Hadiyya [hdy]
          • Leemo
          • Soro
      • Kambaataic languages
        • Alaba-K’abeena [alw]
        • Kambaata [ktb]
          • Qebena
          • Tambaro
          • Timbaro
Lowland East Cushitic languages:
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  • Saho-Afar languages
    • Afar [aa]
      • Aussa
      • Baadu
      • Central Afar
      • Northern Afar
    • Saho [ssy]
      • Central Saho
        • Dabrimeela
        • Minifire
      • Northern Saho
        • Assaorta
        • Tharuuca
      • Southern Saho
        • Irob
        • Xazo
  • Southern Lowland East Cushitic languages
    • Mainstream Lowland East Cushitic languages
    • Transversal Lowland East Cushitic languages
      • Yaaku [muu]
      • Dullay languages
        • Tsamai [tsb]
        • Ale-Gawwada [gwd]
          • Dihina
          • Gergere
          • Gobeze
          • Gollango
          • Gorose
          • Harso
Omo-Tana languages:
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  • Western Omo-Tana languages
    • Arbore [arv]
    • Daasanach [dsh]
    • El Molo (†) [elo]
  • Eastern Omo-Tana languages
    • Girirra [?]
    • Rendille [rel]
    • Maay (or Af-Maymay, Rahanween) [ymm]
      • Af-Helledi
    • Baiso-Jiiddu languages
      • Baiso [bsw]
      • Jiiddu [jii]
    • Dabarre-Tunni languages
      • Tunni [tqq]
      • Dabarre [dbr]
        • Iroole
        • Nuclear Dabarre
    • Somali [so]
      • Af-Ashraaf
      • Benaadir
      • Degodia
      • Northern Somali
      • Ogaden
    • Karre-Boni languages
      • Garre [gex]
      • Aweer (or Boni, Ogoda, Sanye) [bob]
        • Kilii
        • Nuclear Aweer
          • Baddey Aweer
          • South Aweer
            • Bireeri Aweer'
            • Central Aweer
              • Jara Aweer
              • Kijee Aweer
              • Safaree Aweer
Oromoid languages:
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  • Konsoid languages
    • Konso [kxc]
    • Gidole-Bussa languages
      • Bussa (or D’oopace, Dobase, Goraze, Lohu, Mosiye) [dox]
      • Dirasha (or Gardula, Ghidole) [gdl]
  • Oromo macrolanguage [om] (Nuclear Oromo languages)
    • West Central Oromo [gaz] (disabled)
      • Mecha
      • Tulema
      • Western Oromo
    • Central-Eastern Oromo languages
      • South-East-North Oromo languages
      • Central Oromo languages
        • Orma [orc] (disabled)
          • Munyo
          • Nuclear Orma
          • Orma (Kenya)
        • Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo [gax] (disabled)
          • Arsi
          • Gabra
          • Guji
          • Kereyu
          • Sakuye
          • Salale
          • Borana
            • Yaabelloo
Egyptian languages:
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  • Egyptian (Ancient) (†)
  • Coptic [cop]
    • Upper Egypt Coptic dialects
      • Sahidic (or Thebaic)
      • Akhmimic
      • Lycopolitan (or Subakhmimic, Assiutic)
    • Lower Egypt Coptic dialects
      • Bohairic (or Memphitic)
      • Fayyumic (or Faiyumic, Bashmuric)
      • Oxyrhynchite (or Mesokemic, or Middle Egyptian)
Semitic languages:
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  • Amorite (†) [?]
  • East Semitic languages (†)
    • Akkadian (†) [akk]
    • Eblaite (†) [xeb]
  • West Semitic languages
    • Ethiosemitic languages
      • Geez [gez]
      • North Ethiopic (or Tigre-Tiginya) languages (see below)
      • South Ethiopic languages (see below)
    • Modern South Arabian languages (see below)
    • Central Semitic languages
North Ethiopic (or Tigre-Tiginya) languages:
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  • Tigrinya [ti]
  • Tigre-Dahalik languages
    • Dahalik [dlk]
    • Tigre [tig]
      • Central Tigre
        • Bet-Guk
        • Mansa’
      • South-Eastern Tigre
        • Gendaˁ
        • Mashalit
        • Massawa
        • Zula
      • North-Western Tigre
        • ˁAd-Tekles
        • ’Algaden
        • Beni-ˁAmer Tigre
        • Habab Tigre
        • Marya Qayah
        • Marya Sallam
South Ethiopic languages:
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  • Transversal South Ethiopian languages
    • Amharic-Argobba languages
    • Harari-East Gurage languages
      • Harari [har]
      • Zay (or Zway) [zwa]
      • Silte-Wolane languages
        • Silt’e [stv]
        • Wolane (or Welene) [wle]
  • Outer South Ethiopic languages
    • N-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages
      • Gafat (†) [gft]
      • Kistane (or Gurage) [gru]
        • Dobi
        • Soddo
    • TT-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages
      • Mesqan [mvz]
      • Inoric languages
        • Mesmes (†) [mys]
        • Inor [ior]
          • Enegegny
          • Gyeto
      • Sebat Bet Gurage [sgw]
        • Chaha
        • Ezha
        • Gumer
        • Gura (Semitic)
        • Gyeto (Sebat Bet Gurage)
Modern South Arabian languages:
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  • Hobyot-Western Modern South Arabian languages
    • Hobyót [hoh]
    • Western Modern South Arabian languages
      • Bathari [bhm]
      • Harsusi [hss]
      • Mehri [gdq]
        • Eastern Mehri
        • Nagdi
        • Western Mehri
  • Eastern Modern South Arabian languages
    • Jibbali (or Shehri) [shv]
      • Central Jibbali
      • Kuria Muria
      • Western Jibbali
    • Soqotri [sqt]
      • ’Abd Al-Kuri
      • Central Soqotri
      • Southern Soqotri
      • Western Soqotri
      • Northern Soqotri
        • North Central Soqotri
        • Northwest Central Soqotri
Sayhadic languages:
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  • Hadrami (†) [xhd]
  • Jabal Razih [rzh]
  • Minaean (†) [inm]
  • Qatabanian (†) [xbt]
  • Sabaic (†) [xsa]
Arabian languages:
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  • Ancient North Arabian (†) [xna]
    • Dadanitic
    • Dumaitic
    • Hasaitic
    • Hismaic
    • Safaitic
    • Taymanitic
  • Arabic languages
    • Standard Arabic [ar]
    • Arabian Peninsula Arabic languages
      • Baharna Arabic [abv] (disabled)
      • Dhofari Arabic [adf] (disabled)
      • Hadrami Arabic [ayh] (disabled)
      • Omani Arabic [acx] (disabled)
      • Sanaani Arabic [ayn] (disabled)
      • Shihhi Arabic [ssh] (disabled)
      • Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq] (disabled)
        • Adeni
        • Ta'izzi
      • Judeo-Yemeni Arabic [jye]
        • ’Aden
        • Beda
        • Habban
        • San’a
      • Hijazi Arabic [acw] (disabled)
        • Coastal Tihaamah
        • North Hijazi
        • South Hijazi
        • Valley Tihaamah
      • Gulf Arabic [afb] (disabled)
        • Al-Hasâ
        • Al-Hasaa
        • Bahraini Gulf Arabic
        • Khamseh
        • Kuwaiti Hadari Arabic
        • North Qatari Arabic
        • South Qatari Arabic
        • Zubair-Faau Arabic
      • Najdi Arabic [ars] (disabled)
        • North Najdi
        • Qasim-Dhafir
        • Central Najdi
          • Anizah of the Syrian desert
          • Arid-Washm-Sudair
          • Central Bedouin Najdi
        • South Najdi
          • al-Murrah-Ajman
          • Najran-Ghatan
    • Eastern Arabic languages
      • Khorasan Arabic [?]
      • Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Arabic languages
      • Mesopotamian Arabic languages
    • Levantine Arabic languages
      • Cypriot Maronite Arabic [acy] (disabled)
      • North Levantine Arabic [apc] (disabled)
        • Aleppo
        • Beqaa Arabic
        • Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic
        • Jdaideh Arabic
        • North-Central Lebanese Arabic
        • North Lebanese Arabic
        • Saida Sunni Arabic
        • South-Central Lebanese Arabic
        • South Lebanese Arabic
        • Standard Lebanese Arabic
        • Sunni Beiruti Arabic
      • South Levantine Arabic [ajp] (disabled)
        • Fellahi
        • Madani
    • Egyptic Arabic languages
      • Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic [avl] (disabled)
        • Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
        • North Levantine Bedawi Arabic
        • Nuclear Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
        • South Levantine Bedawi Arabic
      • Egypto-Sudanic Arabic languages
    • North African Arabic languages
      • Maltese [mt]
        • Gozo
        • Port Maltese
        • Rural Central Maltese
        • Rural East Maltese
        • Rural West Maltese
        • Standard Maltese
        • Zurrieq
      • Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic [yud]
      • Libyan Arabic [ayl] (disabled)
        • Eastern Libyan Arabic
        • Southern Libyan Arabic
        • Tripolitanian Arabic
        • Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
      • Judeo-Tunisian Arabic [ajt]
        • Tunis
      • Tunisian Arabic [aeb]
        • North-Western Tunisian
        • Sahil
        • Sfax
        • South-Eastern Tunisian
        • South-Western Tunisian
        • Tunis (Tunisian Arabic)
      • Algerian Saharan Arabic [aao] (disabled)
      • Algerian Arabic [arq]
        • Algiers
        • Constantine
        • Oran
      • Judeo-Moroccan Arabic [aju]
      • Moroccan-Andalusian Arabic languages
        • Andalusian Arabic (†) [xaa]
        • Moroccan Arabic [ary]
          • Fez. Meknes
          • Jebli
          • Marrakech
          • Oujda
          • Rabat-Casablanca Arabic
          • Southern Morocco Arabic
          • Tangier
      • Hassaniyya [mey]
Aramaic languages:
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  • Old Aramaic (up to 700 BCE) (†) [oar]
  • Imperial Aramaic (or Official Aramaic) (700-300 BCE) (†) [arc]
  • Western Aramaic languages
    • Palestinian Jewish Aramaic (†) [jpa]
    • Samaritan Aramaic (†) [sam]
    • Western Neo-Aramaic [amw]
      • Bakh’a
      • Jub-’adin
      • Maaloula
  • Eastern Aramaic languages
    • Classical Syriac (†) [syc]
      • Eastern Syriac
      • Western Syriac
    • Macro-Mandaic languages
      • Classical Mandaic (†) [myz]
      • Mandaic [mid]
        • Ahwaz
        • Iraqi Neo-Mandaic
        • Shushtar
    • Central Eastern Aramaic languages
      • North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages (see below)
      • Bohtan languages
        • Gardabani Bohtan Neo-Aramaic [bhn]
        • Hertevin [hrt]
          • Hértevin Proper
          • Jinet
          • Umraya
      • Turoyo-Mlahso languages
        • Mlahsô (†) [lhs]
        • Turoyo [tru]
          • Anhil
          • Iwardo
          • Kfarze
          • Midin
          • Midyat
          • Raite
North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages:
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  • Jewish Babylonian Aramaic (ca. 200-1200 CE) (†) [tmr]
  • Northwestern Jewish Neo-Aramaic languages
    • Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic [bjf]
      • Barzan
      • Bijil
      • Sandu
      • Shahe
    • Lishana Deni [lsd]
      • Amadiya
      • Atrush
      • Barashe
      • Bétanure
      • Dohuk
      • Nerwa
      • Shukho
      • Zakho (Lishana Deni)
  • Neo-Syriac (or Sooreth, Suret, Soorath, Soorith, Suras, Sureth) macrolanguage [syr] (disabled)
    • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic [cld]
      • Alqosh
      • Bartille
      • Dihok
      • Mangesh
      • Shirnak-Chizre
      • Tel Kepe
      • Tisqopa
    • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic [aii]
      • Iranian Koine
      • Urmian group
        • Sipurghan
        • Solduz
        • Urmi
      • Central Group
        • Anhar
        • Mar Bishu
        • Nochiya
        • Tergawar
      • Western Group
        • Lewin
        • Lower Barwari
        • Tal (Aramaic)
        • Tkhuma
      • Sapna cluster
        • Aradhin
        • Benatha
        • Daudiya
        • Inishke
        • Tina
      • Northern Group
        • Baz
        • Dez
        • Gavar (Aramaic)
        • Jilu
        • Qudshanis
        • Salamas
        • Upper Barwari
        • Van (Aramaic)
  • Trans-Zab languages
    • South-Eastern Trans-Zab languages
      • Senaya [syn]
      • Hulaulá [huy]
        • Kerend
        • Sanandaj
        • Saqiz
        • Suleimaniya
    • Lishán Didán [trg]
      • Northern Cluster Lishán Didán
        • Anatolia
        • Salmas
      • Southern Cluster Lishán Didán
        • Mahabad
        • Naghada
        • Ushno
    • Western Trans-Zab languages
      • Koy Sanjaq Surat [kqd]
      • Lishanid Noshan [aij]
        • Ranye
        • Shaqlawa
        • Western cluster
          • Arbel
          • Dobe
        • Eastern cluster
          • Northeastern varieties
            • Rustaqa
            • Rwanduz
          • Southeastern varieties
            • Koy Sanjaq
            • Qaladze
Canaanite languages:
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  • Phoenician-Punic languages (†)
    • Phoenician (†) [phn]
    • Punic (†) [xpu]
      • Neo-Punic
  • Hebrewic languages
    • Samaritan (†) [smp]
    • Ancient Hebrew (†) [hbo]
      • Biblic Hebrew
      • Mishnaic Hebrew (or Early Rabbinic Hebrew)
      • Tiberian Hebrew (or Medieval Rabbinic Hebrew)
    • Modern Hebrew [he]
      • Standard Hebrew
        • Ashkenazic Hebrew
        • Europeanized Hebrew
      • Oriental Hebrew
        • Arabized Hebrew
        • Mizrahi Hebrew
        • Sephardi Hebrew
        • Yemenite Hebrew
South Omotic (or Aroic) languages:
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  • Dime (or Dim-af, Dim-ap, Dima) [dim] (disabled)
  • AHK (or Aari-Hamer-Karo) languages
    • Aari-Gayil (or Bako, Boko) languages
      • Aari (or Aarai, Aari, Ari, Ara, Aro) [aiw]
      • Gayil (or Ari-Galila) [gyl]
    • Hamer-Karo (or Hamer-Bana-Kara) languages
      • Hamer-Banna (or Amar, Bana, Hamar-Koke) [amf]
      • Karo (Ethiopia) (or Kara, Kere, Kerre, Cherre) [kxh]
Dizoid languages:
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  • Dizin (or Dizi, Dizi-Maji, Dizu, Sizi, Maji, Twoyu) [mdx]
  • Nayi (or Naya, Na’o, Nao) [noz]
  • Sheko (or Shekko, Shekka, Shakko, Shako, Tschako, Shak) [she]
    • Bulla
    • Dorsha
Ta-Ne-Omotic languages:
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  • Bench (or Benc’, Bencho, Bensho, Dizu, Ghimarra, Gimarra, Gimira, Kaba) [bcq]
    • Mer (Bench)
    • Nuclear Bench
    • She (Ethiopia)
  • Yemsa (or Yem, Yemma, Janjero, Janjor, Janjerinya, Yangaro, Zinjero) [jnj]
    • Fuga of Jimma
    • Toba (Ethiopia)
  • Kefoid languages
    • Anfillo (or Mao, South Mao, Southern Mao) [myo]
    • Boro (Ethiopia) (or Boró, Bworo, Scinacia, Shinasha, Shinassha) [bwo]
      • Amuru
      • Gamila
      • Guba (Ethiopia)
      • Wembera
    • South Gonga languages
      • Shekkacho (or Shakacho, Shekka, Moca, Mocha) [moy]
      • Kafa (or Kaffa, Kafficho, Kaficho, Kefa, Kefa-Mocha, Keffa, Caffino, Garo, Manjo) [kbr]
        • Bosha
        • Nuclear Kafa
  • Ometo languages
    • Chara (or C’ara, Ciara) [cra]
    • East Ometo languages
      • Koorete (or Koore, Koré, Koyra, Kwera, Badditu, Badittu, Baditu, Amaarro, Amarro, Gidiccho, Nuna) [kqy]
      • Kachama-Ganjule-Haro (or Kachama-Ganjule, Gatame, Gats’ame, Gats’amé, Gatsame, Get’eme, Gidicho, Qechem, Haruro) [kcx]
        • Ganjule (or Ganjulé, Ganjawle)
        • Ganta
        • Kachama
      • Zayse-Zergulla (or Zaysé-Zergulla) [zay]
        • Zayse (or Zaysé, Zaysse, Zeyse)
        • Zergulla
    • North-West Ometo languages
      • Basketo (or Basketto, Baskatta, Mesketo) [bst]
      • Male (Ethiopia) (or Malé, Maale, Maalé) [mdy]
      • Central Ometo languages
      • Dorze (or Dorzé, Geresé) [doz]
      • Melo (or Mello, Malo) [mfx]
      • Oyda (or Oida) [oyd]
      • Wolaytta (or Wolayta, Wolaita, Wolaitta, Wolataita, Wolamo, Uollamo, Walamo, Wallamo, Welaitta, Welamo, Wellamo, Wollamo, Ualamo, Borodda, Gemu, Gofa, Ometo, Uba) [wal]
        • Zala
      • Dawro-Gofa-Gamo languages
        • Dawro (or Konta, Kullo) [dwr]
        • Gamo (or Gemu, Gereze, Dache) [gmv]
        • Gofa [gof]

Algic languages

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  • Wiyot (†) [wiy]
  • Yurok (†) [yur]
  • Algonquian languages
    • Cheyenne [chy]
    • Menominee [mez]
    • Arapahoic languages
      • Nawathinehena [nwa]
      • Arapaho-Gros Ventre-Besawunena languages
        • Arapaho [arp]
        • Atsina (or Gros Ventre) (†) [ats]
    • Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages (see below)
    • Eastern Algonquian languages (see below)
    • Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages (see below)
    • Siksika (or Blackfoot)] [bla]
      • Blood
      • Piegan
Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages:
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Eastern Algonquian languages:
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  • Carolina Algonquian (†) [crr]
  • Powhatan (or Virginia Algonquianealg, Virginia Algonquian, Virginia Algonquin, Virginia Algonkian) (†) [pim]
  • Western Abenaki (or Western Abenaqui, Western Abnaki, St Francis Abenaqui, St. Francis Abenaqui) [abe]
  • Delawaran languages
    • Mahican (or Mohican, Mohegan) (†) [mjy]
    • Delaware (or Common Delaware) [del] macrolanguage
      • Munsee (or Munsee (Canada), Munsee Delaware) [umu]
      • Unami (or Unamí, Unami Delaware, Lenni-Lenape, Lenape, Tla Wilano) (†) [unm]
  • Eastern Abenaki (or Eastern Abnaki, Eastern Abenaqui) (†) [aaq]
    • Penobscot
  • Malecite-Passamaquoddy (or Malecite Cluster, Pennacook) [pqm]
    • Malecite (or Maliseet)
    • Passamaquoddy
  • Micmac (or Mi’kmaq, Mi’kmag, Mi’kmaw, Mi’gmaq, Mi’gmaw, Miigmao, Restigouche) [mic]
    • Northern Micmac
    • Southern Micmac
  • Nanticoke-Conoy (or Nanticoke-Piscataway) languages (†)
    • Nanticoke (or Nanticoke-Conoy) (†) [nnt]
    • Piscataway (†) [psy]
  • Southern New England Algonquian languages (†)
    • Loup A (or Nipmuc, Nipmuck) (†) [xlo]
    • Wampano (†) [qyp]
    • Wampanoag (or Wamponoag, Wôpanâak, Massachusetts, Massachusett, Massachusett-Narragansett, Natick) (†) [wam]
    • Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett (†) [mof]
      • Montauk
      • Narrangansett
      • Pequot-Mohegan
      • Stockbridge
Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages:
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  • Shawnee [sjw]
  • Miami (†) [mia]
    • Nuclear Miami
    • Peoria
  • Fox languages
    • Kickapoo [kic]
    • Meskwaki [sac]
      • Meskwakie
      • Sac
  • Ojibwa-Potawatomi languages
    • Potawatomi [pot]
    • Ojibwa languages
      • Ottawa (or Daawaamwin) [otw]
      • Severn-Algonquin languages
        • Algonquin [alq]
          • Nipissing
          • Northern Algonquin
        • Severn Ojibwa (or Severn Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ojicree, Oyi-clisteno) [ojs]
          • Deer Lake Severn Ojibwa
          • Big Trout Lake Severn Ojibwa
            • Severn River Ojibwa
            • Winisk River Ojibwa
      • Nuclear Ojibwe languages
        • Central-Eastern-Southwestern Ojibwa languages
        • Northwestern-Saulteaux Ojibwa languages
          • Western Ojibwa (or Nakawemowin, Plains Ojibway) [ojw]
          • Northwestern Ojibwa [ojb] (disabled)
            • Albany River Ojibwa
            • Berens River Ojibwa
            • Lac Seul Ojibwa
            • Lake of the Woods Ojibwa
            • Rainy River Ojibwa

Altaic languages

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Mongolic languages:
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  • Kitan [vzt]
  • Middle Mongol (†) [xng]
  • Mogholi (or Mogul) (†) [mhj]
    • Karez-I-Mulla
    • Kundur (or Marda of Kundar)
  • Dagur (or Tahuerh) [dta]
    • Buteha (or Bataxan)
    • Haila’er Dagur
    • Qiqiha’er (or Tsitsikhar)
  • Eastern Mongolic languages (see below)
  • Southern Periphery Mongolic languages (see below)
Eastern Mongolic languages:
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  • Khamnigan Mongol [?]
  • Oirat-Khalkha languages
    • Khalkha-Buriat languages
    • Oirat-Kalmyk-Darkhat languages
      • Darkhat (or Darkhan) [drh]
      • Oirad-Kalmyk (or Western Mongol) [xal]
        • Alasha Oirad
        • Deed Mongol
        • Jungarian Oirat
        • Sart Qalmaq
        • Altai Oirat
          • Khoshut (or Khoshuud)
          • Myangad (or Mingad)
          • Oirat (proper)
            • Altai Torguud (or Altai Dörbet)
            • Altai Uriankhai
            • Bayid (or Bayat)
            • Dambi-Ööld (or Oöled, Dzungar, Zunghar, Züüngar)
            • Khoton
            • Khowd Dörwöd
            • Zakhchin
        • Kalmyk (or Kalmuck) (proper)
          • Dörböt
          • Torgut
          • Buzawa
            • Orenburgian Torguud
            • Uralian Torguud
Southern Periphery Mongolic languages:
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  • East Yugur (or Shera Yogur, Enger, Mongolic Yellow Uighur) [yuy]
  • Shirongol languages
    • Baoanic languages
      • Kangjia (or Kangyang Hui) [kxs]
      • Bonan (or Paongan, Pao-an) [peh]
        • Buddhist Bonan
        • Gansu Bonan
        • Islamic Bonan
        • Jishishan (or Dahejia, Dajiahe)
        • Moslem Bonan
        • Qinghai Bonan
        • Tongren (or Tung-yên)
      • Dongxiang (or Dunshan, Tsung, Tunghsiang, Santa) [sce]
        • Sijiaji
        • Suonanba
        • Wangjiaji
    • Monguor (or Tu) [mjg]
      • Huzhu
      • Minhe (or Minxe)
Tungusic languages:
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  • Central Manchu languages (see below)
  • Northern Manchu languages (see below)
  • Manchu-Jurchen languages
    • Jurchen [juc]
    • Southwest Tungusic languages
Central Manchu languages
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  • Central-Eastern Tungusic languages
    • Kilen [?]
    • Oroch [oac]
      • Kjakela
      • Namunka
      • Orichen
      • Tez
    • Udihe [ude]
      • Anjuski
      • Bikin
      • Iman
      • Khor
      • Khungari
      • Samargin
      • Sikhota Alin
  • Central-Western Tungusic languages
    • Nanai [gld]
      • Akani
      • Birar
      • Kila
      • Kuro-Urmi
      • Samagir
      • Sunggari
      • Torgon
      • Ussuri
    • Ulchaic languages
      • Ulch [ulc]
      • Orok [oaa]
        • Poronaisk
        • Val-Nogliki
Northern Manchu languages
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  • Even [eve]
    • Arman
    • Eastern Even
      • Berjozovka
      • Kamchatka
      • Kolyma-Omolon
      • Okhotsk
      • Ola
      • Sakkyryr
      • Upper Kolyma
    • Middle Even
      • Allaikha
      • Moma Even
      • Tompon
    • Western Even
      • Indigirka
      • Lamunkhin
      • Tjugasjir
  • Northwestern Tungusic languages
    • Evenki [evn] (disabled)
      • Aoluguya
      • Chenba'erhu
      • Haila’er Evenki
      • Huihe
      • Morigele
    • Negidal [neg]
      • Nizovsk
      • Verkhovsk
    • Oroqen [orh]
      • Gankui
      • Heilongjiang Oroqen
Turkic languages:
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  • Bolgar languages
    • Bolgarian (†) [xbo]
    • Chuvash [cv]
      • Anatri
      • Viryal
  • Common Turkic languages
    • Turkic Khalaj (or Chaladsch, Arghu) [klj]
    • Oghuz languages (see below)
    • Kipchak languages (see below)
    • Turkestan Turkic languages (see below)
    • Central Siberian Turkic languages (see below)
    • North Siberian Turkic languages
Oghuz languages:
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  • Salar [slr]
    • Jiezi
    • Mengda
  • Nuclear Oghuz languages
    • Qashqa'i [qxq]
    • Central Oghuz languages
    • East Oghuz languages
      • Khorasani Turkish (or Quchani) [kmz]
        • North Quchani
        • South Quchani
        • West Quchani
      • Turkmen (or Turkoman) [tk]
        • Anauli
        • Cawdur
        • Esari
        • Goklen
        • Khasarli
        • Nerezim
        • Nokhurli
        • Salyr
        • Saryq
        • Teke
        • Yomud
    • West Oghuz languages
      • Gagauz [gag]
        • Bulgar Gagauz
        • Maritime Gagauzi
      • Rumelian Turkish (or Balkan Gagauz) [bgx]
        • Danubian
        • Gajol
        • Gerlovo Turks
        • Kyzylbash
        • Razgrad
        • Surguch
        • Tozluk Turks
      • Turkish [tr]
        • Cypriot Turkish
        • Karamanli
        • Syrian Turkmen Turkish
        • Anatolian Turkish
          • Dinler
          • Edirne
          • Eskisehir
          • Gaziantep
          • Urfa
          • Yuruk
Kipchak languages:
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  • Pecheneg (†) [xpc]
  • East Kipchak languages
  • North Kipchak languages
    • Bashkir [ba]
      • Burzhan
      • Kuvakan
      • Yurmaty
    • Tatar (or Volga-Ural Tatar, Kazan) [tt]
      • Astrakhan Tatar
      • Kasimov
      • Middle Tatar
      • Tepter
      • Ural
      • Western Tatar
      • Eastern Tatar
        • Baraba
        • Tom
        • Tobol-Irtysh
          • Tara (Turkic)
          • Tevriz
          • Tobol
          • Tyumen
          • Zabolotny
  • South Kipchak languages
    • Karakalpak (or Kara-Kalpak) [kaa]
      • Northeastern Karakalpak
      • Southeastern Karakalpak
    • Kazakh [kk]
      • Northeastern Kazakh
      • Southern Kazakh
      • Western Kazakh
    • Nogai [nog]
      • Alabugat Tatar
      • Black Nogai
      • Central Nogai
      • Karagash
      • White Nogai
      • Yurt Tatar
  • West Kipchak languages
    • Krymchak [jct]
    • Crimean Tatar-Urum languages
    • Karachay-Balkar [krc]
      • Balkar
      • Karachay
    • Karaim [kdr]
      • Eastern Karaim
      • Western Karaim
        • Northwestern Karaim
        • Southwestern Karaim
          • Halych Karaim
          • Lutsk Karaim
    • Kumyk [kum]
      • Buinaksk
      • Khaikent
      • Khasavyurt
Turkestan Turkic languages:
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  • Old Turkic (or Old Uighur) (†) [oui]
    • Orkhon Turkic
    • Qarakhanid
  • Uyghur-Uzbek languages
    • Chagatai (†) [chg]
    • Modern Uyghur-Uzbek languages
      • Uighur-Ili languages
        • Ili Turki [ili]
        • Uyghur (or Uighur) [ug]
          • Khotan
          • Lopnor
          • Central Uyghur
            • Ili
            • Kashgar-Atush
            • Qomul
            • Turfan
            • Urumqi
            • Tarim-Moghal-Kucha
              • Kucha
              • Moghal
              • Tarim
      • Uzbek [uz] macrolanguage
Central Siberian Turkic languages:
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  • Siberian Tatar [sty]
  • South Siberian Turkic languages
    • Northern Altai (or Kumandin, Telengit, Teleut) [atv] (disabled)
    • Chulym Turkic (or Küerik, Ostiaki, Tchoulyme, Ös til) [clw]
      • Lower Chulym Turkic
        • Chibi
        • Ketsik
        • Küärik
        • Yatsi
        • Yezhi
      • Middle Chulym Turkic
        • Melet
        • Tutal
    • Sayan languages
      • Taiga Sayan Turkic (or Sayan Samoyed, Karagas, Tofa) [kim]
        • Dukha
        • Soyot
        • Todja
        • Tofa
        • Tuha
      • Tuvinian (or Tuvin, Tuvan, Soyod) [tyv]
        • Central Tuvin
        • Northeastern Tuvin
        • Southeastern Tuvin
        • Tuba-Kizhi
        • Western Tuvin
    • Yenisei-East Siberian Turkic languages
      • East Siberian Turkic languages
        • Ainu (China) (or Abdal, Aini, Eynu) [aib]
        • West Yugur (or Sari Yogur, or Turkic Yellow Uighur) [ybe]
      • Yenisey Turkic languages

Araucanian languages

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Arawakan (or Maipuran) languages

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  • Central Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Eastern Maipuran languages
    • Marawan (†) [?]
    • Palikúr [plu]
  • Northern Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Southern Maipuran languages
  • Western Maipuran languages
    • Yanesha’ [ame]
    • Chamicuro-Morike languages
      • Chamicuro [ccc]
      • Morike (†) [?]
Central Maipuran languages:
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  • Paresi-Saraveka-Saluma languages
    • Enawené-Nawé [unk]
    • Parecís [pab]
    • Saraveca (†) [sar]
  • Xinguan Arawak languages
    • Yawalapití [yaw]
    • Waura-Mehinaku-Kustenau languages
      • Kustenau (†) [?]
      • Waura-Mehinaku languages
        • Mehináku [mmh]
        • Waurá [wau]
Northern Maipuran languages:
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  • Apolista (†) [?]
  • Alto Orinoco languages (see below)
  • Caribbean Arawakan languages (see below)
  • Inland Northern Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Jurua-Jutai languages (†)
    • Araicu (†) [?]
    • Maragua (†) [?]
  • Negro-Roraima languages (see below)
Alto Orinoco languages:
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  • Maipure-Avane languages (†)
    • Maipure (†) [?]
    • Avane (†) [bvv]
      • Baniva-Avani
      • Quirruba
  • Pareni languages
    • Yavitero (†) [yvt]
    • Baniva de Maroa (or Guarekena) [gae]
      • Baniva de Guainia
      • Warekéna do Xiê
Caribbean Arawakan languages:
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  • Lokono [arw]
  • Taino (†) [tnq]
  • Guajiro-Paraujano languages
    • Wayuu [guc]
    • Paraujano [pbg]
      • Alile
      • Toa
  • Island Carib-Garifuna languages
    • Garifuna [cab]
      • Eastern Garifuna
      • Western Garifuna
    • Island Carib [crb]
      • Vincentian
Inland Northern Maipuran languages:
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  • Alto Negro languages
    • Anauyá (†) [?]
    • Baré [bae]
    • Guinau (†) [?]
    • Yabaâna (†) [?]
  • Japura-Colombia languages
    • Jumana (†) [?]
    • Kaishana (†) [?]
    • Passe (†) [?]
    • Resígaro [rgr]
    • Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages (see below)
Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages:
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  • Cabiyarí [cbb]
  • Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages (see below)
  • Piapoco-Achagua languages
    • Achagua [aca]
    • Piapoco [pio]
  • Warekena-Mandahuaca languages
    • Mandahuaca (†) [mht]
    • Warekena Velha (or Old Warekena) [?]
  • Yucunic languages
    • Guaru (†) [?]
    • Uainuma-Mariate (†) [?]
    • Yucuna [ycn]
Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages:
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  • Baniwa-Curripaco languages
    • Baniwa do Icana [bwi]
      • Hohodené
      • Siusy-Tapuya
    • Curripaco [kpc]
      • Korripako
      • Unhun
  • Tariana [tae]
    • Kumandene Tariana
    • Periquitos-Santa Rosa Tariana
      • Periquitos Tariana
      • Santa Rosa Tariana
Negro-Roraima languages:
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  • Aruan (†) [?]
  • Bahuanaic languages (†)
    • Cariay (†) [?]
    • Manao (†) [?]
    • Uirina (†) [?]
    • Xiriâna (†) [xir]
  • Wapishanan languages
    • Atorada [aox]
    • Mapidian-Mawayana [mpw]
    • Mawakwa (†) [?]
    • Wapishana [wap]
      • Amariba
      • Atorai
Bolivia-Parana languages:
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  • Magiana (†) [?]
  • Baure-Paikoneka languages
    • Paiconeca (†) [?]
    • Baure-Carmelito-Joaquiniano languages
      • Baure [brg]
      • Joaquiniano (†) [?]
  • Moxo-Paunaca languages
    • Paunaca [pnk]
    • Moxo languages
      • Ignaciano [ign]
      • Trinitario [trn]
        • Javierano
        • Loreto
  • Terena-Kinikinao-Chane [ter]
    • Chané
    • Kinikinao
    • Terena
Pre-Andine Maipuran languages:
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  • Nomatsiguenga [not]
  • Asha-Ashe-Kak-Matsi-Nan languages
    • Asha-Ashe-Kak languages
      • Caquinte [cot]
      • Ashe-Asha languages
        • Asháninka [cni]
        • Ashe-Asha Norte languages
          • Ajyíninka Apurucayali [cpc]
          • Ashéninka Perené [prq]
          • Pichis Ashéninka [cpu]
          • Ucayali-Yurúa Ashéninka [cpb]
        • Asheninka languages
          • Ashéninka Pajonal [cjo]
          • South Ucayali Ashéninka [cpy]
    • Matsi-Nan languages
      • Machiguenga [mcb]
      • Nanti (or Cogapacori) [cox]
Purus languages:
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  • Apurinã [apu]
  • Inaparic languages
    • Iñapari [inp]
    • Pacaguara-Mercier (†) [?]
  • Yineic languages
    • Machinere [mpd]
    • Western Yineic languages
      • Mashco Piro [cuj]
      • Yine [pib]
        • Madre de Dios Yine
        • Urubamba Yine

Austroasiatic languages

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Aslian languages:
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  • Central-Northern Aslian languages
    • Jah Hut
      • Kerdau
      • Ketiar Krau
      • Krau
      • Kuala Tembeling
      • Pulau Guai
      • Ulu Ceres
      • Ulu Tembeling
    • North Aslian languages (see below)
    • Senoic languages
      • Lanoh-Semnam-Temiar languages
      • Semai
        • Betau
        • Bidor
        • Bil
        • Cameron
        • Jelai
        • Lipis
        • Orang Tanjong (Ulu Langat)
        • Perak I
        • Perak II
        • Sungkai
        • Telom
        • Ulu Kampar
  • South Aslian languages
    • Besisi
      • Betise’
      • Kuala Langot Besisi
      • Malakka Besisi
      • Selangor Sakai
      • Sisi
      • Ulu Langat Orang Bukit
    • Semelai-Semaq languages
      • Semaq Beri
      • Semelai
      • Temoq
North Aslian languages:
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  • Chewong
  • Maniq-Menraq-Batek languages
    • Maniqic languages
      • Kensiu
        • Ijoh
        • Jarum
        • Jeher
        • Kedah
        • Kensiu Batu
        • Kensiu Siong
        • Kentaq Nakil
        • Plus
        • Ulu Selama
      • Kintaq
      • Maniq
        • Satun
    • Menraq-Batek languages
      • Batekic languages
        • Batek
          • Batek Nong
          • Batek Teq
        • Mintil
      • Jedek
      • Jehai
        • Batek The
        • Nuclear Jehai
      • Minriq
Bahnaric languages:
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  • Alak
  • Cua
  • North Bahnaric languages
    • Hre-Sedang-Todrah-Monam languages
      • Bonam-Monam languages
        • Bahnar
          • Alakong
          • Bahnar Bonom
          • Golar (Austroasiatic)
          • Jolong
          • Kontum
          • Krem
          • Tolo
        • Monom
      • Hre-Sedang languages
        • Hre
          • Creq
          • Nuclear Hre
          • Rabah
        • Rengao
          • Bahnar-Rengao
          • Sedang-Rengao
          • Western Rengao
        • Sedang
          • Central Sedang
          • Dak Sut Sedang
          • Greater Sedang
          • Kon Hring Sedang
          • Kotua Sedang
      • Todrah
    • Katua
    • Kayong-Jeh-Halang languages
    • Lamamic languages
      • Kaco’
      • Romam
    • Takua
  • South Bahnaric languages
    • Koho-Maa languages
      • Koho
        • Chil (Koho)
        • Kalop
        • Kodu
        • Lac
        • Laya (Austroasiatic)
        • Nop
        • Pru
        • Rion
        • Sop (Austroasiatic)
        • Sre
        • Tala (Vietnam)
        • Tring (Austroasiatic)
      • Maa
    • Mnong-Stieng-Chrau languages
      • Chrau
      • Mnong languages
        • Eastern Mnong
          • Chil
          • Mnong Gar
          • Mnong Kwanh
          • Mnong Rolom
        • Southern-Central Mnong languages
          • Central Mnong
            • Biat
            • Bu Dang
            • Bu Nar
            • Bu Rung
            • Dih Bri
            • Préh
          • Kraol
          • Southern Mnong
            • Bunong
            • Prang (Southern Mnong)
      • Stieng languages
        • Budeh Stieng
        • Bulo Stieng
          • Budip
          • Bulo
  • Talieng
  • Tampuan
  • West Bahnaric languages
    • Lawi
    • Nuclear West Bahnaric
      • Laveh-Brao languages
        • Brao
          • Palau
        • Kavet
        • Krung
      • Loven-Suq languages
        • Laven
        • Sou
      • Nyaheun
      • Oy
        • Inn Tea
        • Jeng
        • Kranyeu
        • Riyao
        • Sok
        • Tamal Euy
      • Sapuan
    • Trieng
Katuic languages:
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  • Katu languages
    • Nuclear Katu languages
      • Eastern Katu
      • Western Katu
    • Phuong
  • Pacoh
  • Ta’oihic languages
    • Kriang-Khlor
    • Ong-Ta’oih languages
      • Lower Ta’oih
        • Hantong’
        • Tong (Laos)
      • Ong-Ir
      • Upper Ta’oih
        • Ha’aang
        • Kamuan’
        • Leem
        • Palee’n
        • Pasoom
  • West Katuic languages
Khasi-Palaung languages:
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  • Khasian languages
    • Khasi-Pnar-Lyngngam languages
      • Khasi-Pnar languages
        • Khasi (disabled)
          • Bhoi-Khasi
          • Cherrapunji
          • Khynrium
          • Nuclear Khasi
        • Pnar
          • Jaintia
            • Barato
            • Batau
            • Jowai
            • Lakadong
            • Martiang
            • Mynso
            • Nongtalang
            • Raliang
            • Rymbai
            • Shangpung
            • Sumer
            • Sutnga
          • Nongtung
      • Lyngngamic languages
        • Bangladesh Lyngam
        • India Lyngam
    • War-Jaintia
      • Nuclear War-Jaintia
      • War-Khasi
  • Palaungic languages
    • Danau
    • East Palaungic languages
      • Angkuic languages
        • Eastern Angkuic
        • Southern Angkuic languages
          • Hu
          • Man Met
          • Mok
          • Muak
            • Doi
            • Nuclear Tai Loi
        • U
      • Khao-Bit languages
        • Bit
        • Kháng
          • Kháng Ai
          • Kháng Clau
      • Lamet
        • Lower Lamet
        • Upper Lamet
      • Waic languages
        • Bulangic languages
          • Blang
            • Kem Degne
            • Phang
          • Samtao
        • Wa-Lawa languages
          • Lawa languages
            • Eastern Lawa
              • Phalo
            • Western Lawa
              • La-Oor
          • Nuclear Waic languages
            • South Wa
            • Ximeng-Menglian Awa
            • Zhenkang Wa
              • En (China)
              • Kentung Wa
              • La
              • Son
              • Wa Lon
              • Wu
    • West Palaungic languages
      • Palaung languages
        • Ruching Palaung
          • Bulei
          • Raojin
        • Shwe Palaung
      • Riang languages
        • Riang (Myanmar)
        • Yinchia
      • Rumai Palaung
Khmeric languages:
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  • Khmer macrolanguage
    • Central Khmer
      • Nuclear Central Khmer
      • Southern Khmer
    • Northern Khmer
      • Buriram
      • Sisaket
      • Surin
  • Old Khmer
Khmuic languages:
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  • Khmu’ languages
    • Khmu
      • Hat
      • Khroong
      • Luang Prabang (Laos)
      • Lyy
      • Rok
      • Sayabury
      • U (Khmu)
      • Yuan
    • Khuen
  • Mlabri
  • Phay-Pram languages
    • Ksingmul
    • Pramic languages
      • O'du
      • Phong-Kniang
      • Theen
    • Tin languages
      • Mal
      • Prai
Mangic languages:
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  • Mang
  • Pakanic languages
    • Bolyu
    • Bugan
Monic languages:
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  • Mon
    • Mataban-Moulmein
    • Pegu
    • Ye
  • Nyahkur
  • Old Mon
Munda (or Mundaic) languages:
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  • North Munda languages
    • Kherwarian languages
      • Mundaric languages
        • Asuric languages
          • Asuri
          • Bijori
        • Birhor
        • Ho-Mundari languages
          • Ho
          • Mundari
        • Koda
        • Kodaku-Korwa languages
          • Kodaku
          • Korwa
        • Majhwar
        • Turi
      • Santalic languages
    • Korku
  • South Munda languages
    • Gata’
    • Gutob-Remo languages
      • Bodo Gadaba
      • Bondo
    • Juang
    • Kharia
    • Sora-Juray-Gorum languages
      • Gorum-Parenga
      • Sora-Juray languages
        • Juray
        • Sora
Nicobaric languages:
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  • Car Nicobarese
  • Nuclear Nicobaric languages
    • Central Nicobar languages
      • Central Nicobarese
        • Camorta
        • Katchal
        • Nancowry
        • Trinkut
      • Southern Nicobarese
        • Condul
        • Great Nicobar
        • Little Nicobar
        • Milo
        • Sambelong
        • Tafwap
    • Chowra-Teressa languages
      • Chaura
      • Teressa
        • Bompoka
Pearic languages:
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  • Pear
  • Western Pearic languages
    • Central Chong
    • Chong of Chanthaburi
    • Somray
    • Southern Chong languages
      • Sa’och
      • Suoy
Vietic languages:
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  • Chutic languages
    • East Chutic languages
      • Arem
      • Chut
        • May
        • Ruc
        • Sach
      • Maleng
        • Hareme
        • Kha Phong
        • Malang
        • Malieng
        • Nuclear Maleng
        • Pakatan
    • Thavung
  • Cuoi languages
    • Hung
      • Dan Lai
      • Ly Ha
      • Phong
      • Toum
    • Tho
      • Cuoi Cham
      • Mon (Vietnam)
  • Viet-Muong languages
    • Muongic languages
      • Bo (Laos)
      • Muong
        • Ao Tá
        • Boi Bi
        • Moi 1
        • Mol (Vietnam)
        • Mual
        • Thang
        • Wang
      • Nguôn
    • Vietnamese
      • Central Vietnamese
      • Northern Vietnamese
      • Southern Vietnamese

Austronesian languages

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Formosan (or Taiwanese indigenous) languages:
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Malayo-Polynesian languages:
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  • Northern Luzon languages (see below)
  • Central Luzon languages (see below)
  • Greater Central Philippine languages (see below)
  • Ati [atk]
    • Barotac Viejo Nagpana
    • Malay (Ati)
  • Kalamian languages
    • Agutaynen [agn]
    • Calamian Tagbanwa [tbk]
      • Baras (Philipinnes)
  • Batanic languages
    • Ibatan (or Ivatan) [ivb]
      • Babuyan
      • Basco Ivatan
      • Southern Ivatan
    • Yami-Itbayat languages
      • Itbayat [ivv]
      • Yami (or Tao) (Taiwan) [tao]
  • Bilic languages
    • Giangan (or Atto, Bagaba, Bagobo, Bakhtiari, Clata, Eto) [bgi]
    • Tiruray [tiy]
    • Tboli-Blaan languages
      • Tboli [tbl]
        • Central Tboli
        • Southern Tboli
        • Western Tboli
      • Blaan languages
        • Koronadal Blaan [bpr]
        • Sarangani Blaan [bps]
Northern Luzon languages:
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  • Arta [atz]
  • Dicamay Agta (†) [duy]
  • Iloko (or Ilokan, Ilokano, Ilocano, Ilocana) [ilo]
  • Meso-Cordilleran languages (see below)
  • Cagayan Valley languages (see below)
  • Northeastern Luzon languages
    • Dupaninan Agta (or Eastern Cagayan Agta) [duo]
      • Barongagunay
      • Bolos Point
      • Camonayan
      • Palaui Island
      • Peñablanca
      • Roso
      • Santa Ana-Gonzaga
      • Santa Margarita
      • Tanglagan
      • Valley Cove
      • Yaga
    • Nuclear Northeastern Luzon languages
      • Casiguran-Nagtipunan Agta (or Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Baler Dumagat, Casiguran) [dgc]
      • Paranan-Pahanan languages
        • Agta-Pahanan [apf]
        • Paranan [prf]
          • Palanan Dumagat
Cagayan Valley languages:
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  • Isnag (or Dibagat-Kabugao-Isneg, Isneg, Maragat) [isd]
    • Bayag
    • Calanasan
    • Dibagat-Kabugao
    • Karagawan (or Daragawan)
    • Talifugu-Ripang (or Tawini)
  • Ibanagic languages
    • Malaweg [?]
    • Adasen (or Addasen, Addasen Tinguian, Adasen Itneg) [tiu]
      • Eastern Addasen
      • Western Addasen
    • Ibanag (or Ybanag) [ibg]
      • North Ibanag
      • South Ibanag
    • Atta languages
      • Faire Atta (or Southern Atta) [azt]
      • Pamplona Atta (or Northern Cagayan Negrito) [att]
      • Pudtol Atta [atp]
    • Gaddangic languages
      • Central Cagayan Agta (or Central Cagayan) [agt]
      • Itawit (Tawit, Itawis, Itawes) [itv]
      • Yogad [yog]
      • Cagayan-Baliwon Gaddang languages
        • Ga’dang (or Baliwon, Ga'dang, Ginabwal) [gdg]
        • Gaddang (or Pagsasao Cagayan, Pagsasao) [gad]
Meso-Cordilleran languages:
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  • Northern Alta (Ditaylin Alta, Ditaylin Dumagat, Baler Negrito, Edimala) [aqn]
  • Southern Alta (Kabuluwen, Kabuluen, Kabuluwan, Kabulowan, Kaboloan, Baluga, Ita, Pugot) [agy]
  • South-Central Cordilleran languages
    • Central Cordilleran languages
      • Isinai (or Isinay, Isnay, Insinai, Inmeas) [inn]
      • North Central Cordilleran languages
    • Southern Cordilleran languages
      • Ilongot (or Lingotes, Bukalot, Bugkalut) [ilk]
        • Abaka
        • Ibalao
        • Egongot
        • Iyongut
        • Italon
      • West Southern Cordilleran languages
        • Pangasinan (or Salitan Pangasinan, Yinaknan) [pag]
        • Nuclear Southern Cordilleran languages
          • I-Wak (or Iwaak) [iwk]
          • Karao (or Karaw) [kyj]
          • Ibaloi (or Ibaloy, Ibadoy, Inibaloi, Nabaloi, Benguet-Igorot, Igodor) [ibl]
            • Bokod
            • Daklan
            • Kabayan
          • Kalanguya languages
            • Ahin-Kayapa Kalanguya [kak]
              • Kayapa Kallahan
              • Tinoc Kallahan
            • Keley-i Kallahan (or Keley-I Kalanguya, Keley-I, Keleyqiq Ifugao, Antipolo Ifugao, Hanalulo) [ify]
              • Bayninan
              • Ya-Tuka
Nuclear-Cordilleran languages:
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  • Balangao (or Balangao Bontoc, Balangaw, Farangao) [blw]
  • Ifugaw (or Ifugao, Ifugu) languages
    • Amganad Ifugao (or Amganad) [ifa]
      • Banaue Ifugao
      • Burnay Ifugao
    • Tuwali Ifugao [ifk]
      • Hapao Ifugao
      • Hungduan Ifugao
      • Lagawe Ifugao
    • Batad-Mayoyao languages
      • Mayoyao Ifugao (or Mayoyao, Mayaoyaw) [ifu]
      • Batad Ifugao (or Batad) [ifb]
        • Ayangan Ifugao
        • Ducligan Ifugao
        • Nuclear Batad Ifugao
  • Bontok-Kankanay languages
    • Bontok [bnc] macrolanguage
      • Northern Bontok (or Sadanga Bontok) [rbk]
      • Southwestern Bontok [vbk]
        • Ina-ab (or Alab Bontok)
        • Binalili (or Balili Bontok)
        • Ginonogon (or Gonogon Bontok)
      • Central Bontok (or Central Bontoc) [lbk]
        • Bayyu
        • Guinaang Bontok (or Guinaang Bontoc)
        • Sadanga
      • Finallig languages [bkb] (disabled)
        • Southern Bontok [obk]
          • Can-eo
          • Talubin
          • Bayyo
        • Eastern Bontok [ebk]
          • Linias (or Lias)
          • Kenachakran-Finallig (or Kadaklan-Barlig)
            • Kenachakran (or Kadaklan)
            • Finallig (or Barlig)
    • Kankanay languages
      • Kankanaey (or Central Kankana-ey, Kankanai, Kankanay) [kne]
        • Bakun-Kibungan
        • Guinzadan
        • Kapangan
        • Mankayan-Buguias
      • Maeng-Northern Kankanay languages
        • Maeng Itneg (or Luba-Tiempo Itneg, Southern Itneg) [itt]
        • Northern Kankanay (or Sagada Igorot, Western Bontoc) [xnn]
Kalinga-Itneg languages:
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  • Itneg (or Timggian, Tingguian, Tinguian) languages
    • Binongan Itneg [itb]
    • Inlaod Itneg [iti]
  • Kalinga languages
    • Masadiit languages
      • Moyadan Itneg [ity]
      • Masadiit Itneg [tis]
        • Masadiit Boliney
        • Masadiit Sallapadan
    • Northern Kalinga languages
      • Limos Kalinga (or Limos-Liwan Kalinga, Northern Kalinga) [kmk]
      • Northwest Kalinga languages
        • Mabaka Valley Kalinga (or Mabaka Itneg, Mabaka, Kal-Uwan) [kkg]
        • Banao Itneg [bjx]
          • Banao Pikekj
          • Gubang Itneg
          • Malibcong Banao
    • Central and South Kalinga languages
      • Lubuagan Kalinga [knb]
        • Ableg-Salegseg
        • Balatok-Kalinga
        • Balbalasang
        • Guinaang
        • Lubuagan
      • South Kalinga languages
        • Butbut Kalinga [kyb]
        • Bangad (or Southern Kalinga, Tinglayan Kalinga) [ksc]
          • Mallango
          • Nuclear Bangad
          • Sumadel
          • Tinglayan
        • Southeastern Kalinga languages
          • Madukayang Kalinga (or Majukayong) [kmd]
          • Tanudan Kalinga (or Lower Tanudan Kalinga) [kml]
            • Minangali
            • Pinangol
            • Tinaloctoc
Central Luzon languages:
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  • Hatang Kayi (or Remontado Agta, Hatang-Kayey, Sinauna) [agv]
  • Pampangan (or Kapampangan, Pampanga, Pampango, Pampangueño)
  • Sambalic languages
    • Ambala Ayta (or Ambala Agta, Ambala Sambal) [abc] (disabled)
    • Bataan Ayta (or Mariveles Ayta, Bataan Sambal) [ayt]
    • Mag-Ayta languages
      • Mag-Anchi Ayta (or Mag-Anchi Sambal) [sgb]
      • Mag-Indi Ayta (or Mag-Indi Sambal, Indi Ayta, Baloga, Biloxi) [blx]
    • Abellen-Botolan languages
      • Abenlen Ayta (or Ayta Abenlen Sambal, Aburlin Negrito) [abp]
      • Botolan Sambal (or Aeta Negrito) [sbl]
        • Ayta Hambali
        • Sambali Botolan (or Botolan Zambal)
    • Tina-Bolinao languages
      • Bolinao (or Binobolinao, Bolinao Sambal, Bolinao Zambal) [smk]
      • Tinà Sambal (or Tina, Sambali) [xsb]
        • Iba
        • Masinloc
        • Santa Cruz (Tina Sambal)
Greater Central Philippine languages:
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  • Gorontalo-Mongondow languages (see below)
  • Central Philippine languages (see below)
  • Palawanic languages (see below)
  • Umiray Dumaget Agta [due]
    • Anglat Agta
    • Palaui Island Agta
  • Danaw languages
    • Iranun [ill]
    • Maranao [mrw]
    • Maguindanao (or Magindanaw) [mdh]
      • Biwangan
      • Ilud
      • Laya
      • Sibugay
      • Tagakawanan
  • South Mangyan languages
    • Hanunoo (or Hanunó’o) [hnn]
      • Binli
      • Kagankan
      • Waigan
      • Wawan
    • Buhid-Taubuid languages
      • Buhid (or Bukil, Bangon) [bku]
      • Batangan languages
        • Eastern Tawbuid [bnj]
        • Western Tawbuid [twb]
  • Manobo languages
    • North Manobo languages
      • Kagayanen (or Cagayano Cillo) [cgc]
      • Kinamiguin-Bukidnon languages
    • Central and Southern Manobo languages
      • Cinamiguin Manobo (or Kamigin, Kinamigin) [mkx]
      • Bukidnon languages
        • Higaonon (or Misamis Higaonon Manobo) [mba]
        • Talaandig-Binukid (or Binokid, Binukid, Binukid Manobo, Bukidnon, Talaandig) [bkd]
  • Subanen languages
    • Western Subanen languages
      • Kolibugan Subanon (or Kalibugan, Calibugan) [skn]
      • Western Subanon (or Siocon) [suc]
        • Western Kolibugan
    • Nuclear Subanen languages
      • Lapuyan Subanun (or Margosatubig) [laa]
      • East Nuclear Subanen languages
        • Eastern Subanen [sfe]
        • Central Subanen (or Sindangan Subanun) [syb]
          • Eastern Kolibugan
        • Northern Subanen (or Tuboy Subanon) [stb]
          • Dapitan
          • Dikayu
          • Salog
Gorontalo-Mongondow languages:
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  • Mongondowic languages
    • Ponosakan (or Ponasakan) [pns]
    • Mongondow (or Bola’ang-Mongodow, Minahassa) [mog]
      • Dumoga
      • Lolayan
      • Pasia (Indonesia)
  • Gorontalic languages
    • Bintauna [bne]
    • Buol (or Bwo’ol, Bual, Dia) [blf]
    • Lolak [llq]
    • Bolango (or Bulanga, Bulanga-Uki, Diu) [bld]
      • Atinggola
      • Nuclear Bolango
    • Gorontalo (or Hulontalo) [gor]
      • East Gorontalo
      • Gorontalo Kota
      • Limboto
      • Tilamuta
      • West Gorontalo
    • Kaidipang (or Kaidipan, Dio) [kzp]
      • Bolaang Itang
      • Kaidipan
    • Suwawa [swu]
      • Bunda
Central Philippine languages:
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  • Bikol languages (see below)
  • Bisayan languages (see below)
  • Mamanwa (or Mamanwa Negrito, Minamanwa) [mmm]
  • Alabat-Manide Agta languages
    • Alabat Island Agta (or Alabat Island Dumagat) [dul]
    • Camarines Norte Agta (or Agiyan, Manide) [abd]
  • Tagalogic languages
    • Kasiguranin (or Casiguranin) [ksn]
    • Tagalog-Filipino languages
  • Mansakan languages
    • Davawenyo (or Davaoeño, Davaweño, Matino) [daw]
    • Kamayo [kyk]
      • North Kamayo
      • South Kamayo
    • Eastern Mansakan languages
      • Mandaya (or Carraga Mandaya, Karaga Mandaya, Manay Mandayan, Mangaragan Mandaya) [mry]
      • Mansaka (or Mandaya Mansaka) [msk]
    • Western Mansakan languages
      • Tagakaulu Kalagan (or Tagakaolo) [klg]
      • Kagan-Kalagan languages
        • Kagan Kalagan (or Kaagan) [kll]
        • Kalagan [kqe]
          • Isamal
          • Lactan
          • Piso
          • Tumuaong
Bikol languages:
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  • Northern Catanduanes Bikol [cts]
  • Coastal Bikol (or Northern Bikol, Naga-Legazpi) languages
    • Isarog Agta (or Inagta Partido) [agk]
    • Mount Iraya Agta (or Itbeg Rugnot, Lake Buhi East) [atl]
    • Naga Bikol languages
      • San Pascual Bikol (Northern Burias Island Bikol)
      • Virac (or Virac Coastal Bikol) [bln]
      • Central Bikol (or Naga Coastal Bikol) [bcl]
        • Daet
        • Naga City (or Canaman, Standard Bikol)
        • Partido
        • Tabaco-Legazpi-Sorsogon (or Southern Catanduanes Bikol, Caramoran Bikol, North Sorsogon Bikol)
  • Inland Bikol (or Southern Bikol) languages'
    • Mount Iriga Agta (†)
    • Iriga Bikol (or Rinconada Bikol) [bto]
    • Albay Bicolano (or Albay Bicolano, Inland-Buhi-Daraga Bikol) languages [bhk] (disabled)
      • Buhi'non Bikol [ubl]
      • Libon Bikol [lbl]
      • West Albay Bikol [fbl]
      • Miraya Bikol [rbl]
        • Oas (or Ligao, West Miraya)
        • Daraga (East Miraya)
Bisayan languages:
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  • Central Bisayan languages (see below)
  • West Bisayan languages (see below)
  • Negrosanon languages
    • Northern Binukidnon (or Karolanos) [kyn]
    • Southern Binukidnon (or Ata-Man, Magahat) [mtw]
  • Cebuano [ceb]
    • Boholano
    • Cebu
    • Leyte
    • Mindanao Visayan
  • Bantoanon (or Asiq) [bno]
    • Banton
    • Calatravanhon
    • Odionganon
    • Sibalenhon
    • Simaranhon
  • South Bisayan languages
    • Butuan-Tausug languages
      • Butuanon [btw]
      • Tausug (or Sinug Tausug, Taw Sug, Tausog, Suluk, Sooloo, Sulu, Joloano Sulu, Moro Joloano, Jolohano) [tsg]
    • Surigao languages
      • Tandaganon [tgn]
        • Naturalis
      • Surigaonon [sgd]
        • Cantilan
        • Jaun-Jaun
        • Nuclear Surigaonon
Central Bisayan languages:
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  • Romblomanon [rol]
    • Basiq
    • Romblon
    • Sibuyan
  • Warayan languages
    • Waray Sorsogon (or Southern Sorgoson, Gubat) [srv]
    • Samar-Waray languages
  • Peripheral Central Bisayan languages
West Bisayan languages:
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  • Inonhan [loc]
    • Alcantaranon
    • Bulalakaw
    • Dispoholnon
    • Looknon
  • Aklan languages
    • Aklanon (or Aklan, Aklano, Panay) [akl]
    • Malaynon [mlz]
  • Kinarayan languages
    • Sulod (or Bukidnon, Mondo) [srg]
    • Kinaray-a [krj]
      • Anini-Y
      • Guimaras Island
      • Hamtik
      • Lambunao
      • Miag-Ao
      • Pandan
      • Pototan
  • Kuyan languages
    • Cuyonon (or Kuyonon, Kuyunon, Cuyono, Cuyo) [cyo]
    • Datagnon-Santa Teresa-Semirara languages
      • Caluyanun (or Caluyanen, Caluyanhon) [clu]
        • Semirara
      • Ratagnon [btn]
        • Santa Teresa
        • Nuclear Ratagnon (or Datagnon, Latagnun, Latan, Lactan, Aradigi)
Palawanic languages:
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  • Northern Palawanic languages
    • Tagbanwa [tbw]
    • Batak-Central Tagbanwa languages
      • Batak (or Bataco, Palawan Batak, Babuyan, Tinitianes) [bya]
      • Central Tagbanwa (or Totonacano de Ozumatlán, Totonaque d'Ozomatlán) [tgt]
  • Southern Palawanic languages
    • Taut Batu [?]
    • Molbog-Palawan languages
      • Molbog (or Molbog Palawan) [pwm]
      • Nuclear Palawan (or Palawanen, Palawanun, Palawano, Palaweño) languages
        • Central Palawano (or Quezon Palawano) [plc]
        • Brooke-Canipaan Palawan languages
          • Southwest Palawano (or Canipaan Palawan) [plv]
          • Brooke's Point Palawano [plw]
            • South Palawano
Celebic languages:
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Javanesic languages:
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  • Kawi (†) [kaw]
  • Modern Javanese languages
    • New Caledonian Javanese [jas]
    • Osing [osi]
    • Tengger [tes]
    • Caribbean Javanese [jvn]
    • Javanese [jv]
      • Jawa Halus
      • West Javanese
        • Banten (West Javanese)
        • Cirebon Javanese
        • Indramayu
      • East Javanese
        • Jombang
        • Arekan
          • Malang-Pasuruan
          • Surabaya
      • Central Javanese
        • Bagelen
        • Banyumas (or Basa Banyumasan) [map-bms]
        • Blora
        • Eastern North-Coast Javanese
        • Kedu
        • Madiunan
        • Mataraman
        • Semarang (Central Javanese)
        • Solo
        • Pesisir Lor
          • Pekalongan
          • Pemalang
          • Tegal
Lampungic languages:
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Land Dayak languages:
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Malayo-Sumbawan languages:
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  • Sundanese-Banui languages
  • Maduresic languages
    • Kangean [kkv]
    • Madurese [mad] (disabled)
      • Bangkalan
      • Bawean
      • Pamekesan
      • Sampang (Indonesia)
      • Sapudi
      • Sumenep
  • North and East Malayo-Sumbawan languages
    • Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa languages
    • Aceh-Chamic languages
    • Malayic (or Malay) languages
      • Vehicular Malay languages (see below)
      • Western Malayic Dayak languages
        • Keninjal [knl]
        • Kendayan [knx]
          • Ambawang
          • Nuclear Kendayan
        • Malayic Dayak [xdy]
          • Arut
          • Banana’
          • Belantikan
          • Delang
          • Kayung
          • Lamandau
          • Mentebah-Suruk
          • Riam
          • Semitau
          • Suhaid
          • Sukamara
          • Tapitn
      • Nuclear Malayic languages
        • Menterap [?]
        • Gorap [goq]
        • Borneo Malay languages (see below)
        • Ibanic languages (see below)
        • Indonesian Archipelago Malay languages (see below)
        • Middle Sumatra Malay languages (see below)
        • Minangkabauic languages (see below)
        • Singapore Archipelago Malay languages (see below)
        • Betawic languages
          • Betawi [bew]
          • Cocos Islands Malay [coa]
          • Peranakan Indonesian [pea]
        • Kerinci [kvr]
          • Akit
          • Mamaq
          • Sakei
          • Talang
          • Ulu (Kerinci)
Vehicular Malay languages:
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Borneo-Malay languages:
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  • Brunei-Bacan Malay languages
    • Bacanese Malay [btj]
    • Brunei-Sabah Malay [msi]
  • Southeast Borneo Malay languages
    • East Borneo Malay languages
      • Kota Bangun Kutai Malay [mqg]
      • Banjar-Berau-Brunei Malay languages
        • Banjar-Bukit Malay languages
        • Berau-Brunei Malay languages
          • Berau Malay [bve]
          • Brunei [kxd]
            • Brunei Malay
            • Kampong Ayer
            • Kedayan
    • Tenggarong Kutai Malay [vkt]
      • Ancalong Kutai
      • Northern Kutai
      • Tenggarong Kutai
Ibanic languages:
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  • Mualang [mtd]
  • Remun (or Milikin) [lkj]
  • Seberuang [sbx]
  • Sebuyau [sbn]
  • Iban [iba]
    • Batang Lupar
    • Bugau
    • Dau
    • Lemanak
    • Skrang
    • Ulu Ai
    • Undup
Indonesian-Archipelago-Malay:
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  • Balinese Malay [mhp]
  • Duano [dup]
  • Malay [ms]
  • Bangka-Belitung Malay languages
    • Bangka [mfb]
    • Loncong [lce]
  • Indonesian [id]
    • Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian
    • Standard Indonesian
  • Jambi Malay [jax]
    • Ilir
    • Suku Batin
    • Ulu (Jambi Malay)
  • Kubu [kvb]
    • Bajat
    • Dawas
    • Djambi
    • Lalang
    • Nomadic Kubu
    • Ridan
    • Supat
    • Tungkal
    • Tungkal Ilir
    • Ulu Lako
  • Musi [mui]
    • Sekayu Malay
Middle Sumatra Malay languages:
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  • Central Malay (or Pasemah, Benkulu, Enim, Lintang, Ogan, Semendo, Serawai) [pse]
  • Haji [hji]
  • Kaur (or Bintuhan, Mulak) [vkk]
  • Col [liw]
    • Lembak Bliti
    • Lembak Sindang
Minangkabauic languages:
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  • Lubu [lcf]
  • Negeri Sembilan Malay [zmi]
  • Pekal [pel]
  • Minangkabau [min]
    • Agam
    • Aneuk Jamee
    • Batu Sangkar-Pariangan
    • Kerinci-Minangkabau
    • Orang Mamak
    • Pajokumbuh
    • Penghulu
    • Si Junjung
    • Singkarak
    • Tanah
    • Ulu
Singapore Archipelago Malay languages:
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Minahasan languages:
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Moken-Moklen languages:
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North Borneo Malayo-Polynesian languages:
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  • Sabahan languages
    • Dusunic languages
North Mangyan languages:
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Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands languages:
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  • Batakic languages
    • Northern Batak languages
      • Batak Dairi [btd]
      • Batak Alas-Kluet [btz]
        • Alas
      • Batak Karo [btx]
        • Singkil
    • Southern Batak languages
      • Batak Simalungun [bts]
      • Tobaic languages
        • Batak Toba [bbc]
        • Angkola-Mandailing languages
          • Batak Angkola [akb]
          • Batak Mandailing [btm]
  • Gayo [gay]
    • Bobasan
    • Dorot
    • Serbodjadi
    • Tampur
  • Nuclear Barrier Islands languages
    • Simeulue [smr]
    • Mentawai-Nias-Sikule languages
      • Mentawai [mwv]
        • North Siberut
        • Pagai
        • Sakalagan
        • Saumanganja
        • Silabu
        • Simalegi
        • Sipura
        • South Siberut
        • Taikaku
      • Nias-Sikule languages
        • Nias [nia]
          • Batu (Indonesia)
          • Nuclear Nias
        • Sikule [skh]
          • Lekon
          • Tapah
Sangiric languages:
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  • Northern Sangiric languages
    • Sangil-Sangir languages
      • Sangil [snl]
        • Mindanao
        • Sarangani
      • Sangir [sxn]
        • Manganitu
        • North Tabukang
        • Siau (Sangir)
        • South Tabukang
        • Tamako
    • Talaud [tld]
      • Arangka’a
      • Awit
      • Beo
      • Dapalan
      • Essang
      • Kaburuang
      • Lirang
      • Nenusa-Maingas
      • South Karakelong
  • Southern Sangiric languages
    • Bantik [bnq]
    • Ratahan [rth]
South Sulawesi languages:
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  • Lemolang [ley]
  • Makassaric languages
    • Selayar [sly]
    • Konjo languages
    • Nuclear Makassaric languages
  • Northern South Sulawesi languages
  • Seko languages
  • Tamanic-Bugis languages
    • Bugis languages
      • Buginese [bug]
        • Barru
        • Bone
        • Camba
        • Luwu
        • Pangkep
        • Pasangkayu
        • Sawitto
        • Sidrap
        • Sinjai
        • Soppeng
        • Wajo
      • Campalagian [cml]
        • Buku
        • Nuclear Campalagian
    • Tamanic languages
      • Taman (Indonesia) [tmn]
      • Embaloh [emb]
        • Kalis
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  • Eastern Malayo-Polynesian languages
    • Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages (see below)
    • Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages
      • Central-Eastern Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages
        • Remote Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages
          • Admiralty Islands languages (see below)
          • Central Pacific languages (see below)
          • Southeast Solomonic languages (see below)
          • Southern Melanesian languages (see below)
          • St. Matthias languages (see below)
          • Temotu languages (see below)
          • Yapesic languages (see below)
          • Micronesian languages (see below)
          • North and Central Vanuatu languages
          • Western Oceanic linkage languages
            • Meso Melanesian linkage languages (see below)
            • North New Guinea linkage languages (see below)
            • Papuan Tip linkage languages
              • Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages (see below)
              • Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages (see below)
Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages:
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  • Nabi-Irarutu languages
    • Irarutu [irh]
    • Nabi [nbn]
  • South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages
    • Cenderawasih Bay languages (see below)
    • Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages (see below)
    • Mor (Mor Islands) [mhz]
    • Tandia [tni]
    • Waropen [wrp]
      • Mo’or
      • Napan
      • Waropen Kai
    • Bomberai languages
      • Arguni [agf]
      • Bedoanas [bed]
      • Erokwanas [erw]
    • Lower Mamberamo languages
      • Warembori [wsa]
      • Yoke-Pauwi languages
        • Pauwi (†) [?]
        • Yoke [yki]
Cenderawasih Bay languages:
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  • Biakic languages (see below)
  • Yapen languages (see below)
  • Southwest Cenderawasih Bay languages
    • Yeretuar (or Goni, Umar) [gop]
    • Yaur-Yerisiam languages
      • Yaur (or Jaur) [jau]
      • Yerisiam (or Iresim) [ire]
Biakic languages:
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  • Dusner [dsn]
  • Meoswar [mvx]
  • Biak-Roon languages
    • Roon [rnn]
    • Biak [bhw]
      • Ariom
      • Bo’o
      • Bosnik
      • Dwar
      • Fairi
      • Jenures
      • Kamer
      • Korido
      • Korim
      • Mandusir
      • Mapia (Biak)
      • Mios Num
      • Mofu (Biak)
      • Monoarfu
      • Opif
      • Padoa
      • Penasifu
      • Rumberpon
      • Samberi
      • Sampori
      • Sorendidori
      • Sorido
      • Sor (Papua, Indonesia)
      • Sundei
      • Vogelkop
      • Wadibu
      • Wardo
      • Wari (Indonesia)
      • Warsa
Yapen languages:
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  • Central-Western Yapen languages
    • Ansus-Ambai languages
      • Ansus [and]
      • Woi [wbw]
      • Ambai [amk]
        • Manawi
        • Nuclear Ambai
        • Randawaya
      • Marau [mvr]
        • Warabori
      • Wandamen [wad]
        • Aibondeni
        • Ambumi
        • Bintuni
        • Dasener
        • Wamesa
        • Wasior
        • Windesi
    • Central Yapen languages
      • Munggui (or Natabui) [mth]
      • Papuma [ppm]
      • Pom [pmo]
        • Jobi
      • Serui-Busami languages
        • Busami [bsm]
        • Serui-Laut (or Arui) [seu]
  • Eastern Yapen languages
    • Kurudu [kjr]
    • Wabo [wbb]
Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages:
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  • As [asz]
  • Ambel-Biga languages
    • Biga [bhc]
    • Waigeo [wgo]
      • Metnyo
      • Metsam
  • Maden (or Palamul, Saparan) [xmx]
    • Kawait
  • Maya-Matbat languages
    • Matbat (or Me) [xmt]
    • Raja Ampat Maya languages
      • Batanta (†) [?]
      • Kawe [kgb]
      • Legenyem [lcc]
      • Wauyai [wuy]
      • Misool-Salawati Ma'ya (or Sailolof, Samate) [slz]
        • Banlol
        • Batanta Island
        • Nuclear Ma’ya
  • South Halmahera languages
    • Gebe [gei]
      • Umera
    • Central-Eastern South Halmahera languages
      • Maba (Indonesia) (or Bicoli, Bitjoli) [mqa]
      • Patani [ptn]
      • Buli (Indonesia) [bzq]
        • Buli
        • Wayamli
      • Sawai [szw]
        • Faya-Mafa
        • Kobe (Indonesia)
        • Messa-Dote
        • Nuclear Sawai
        • Weda
    • East Makian-Gane languages
      • Gane (or Gani, Giman) [gzn]
      • East Makian (or Taba) [mky]
        • Kayoa
        • Nuclear East Makian
Admiralty Islands languages:
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  • Western Admiralty Islands languages
    • Seimat (or Ninigo) [ssg]
    • Wuvulu-Aua [wuv]
    • Anchorite languages (†)
      • Kaniet (†) [ktk]
      • Kaniet-Dempwolff (†) [?]
  • Eastern Admiralty Islands languages
    • South-East Admiralty languages
      • Lenkau [ler]
      • Nauna (or Naune) [ncn]
      • Penchal [pek]
      • Lou-Paluai languages
        • Lou [loj]
        • Rei
        • Paluai [blq]
        • Baluan
        • Pam
    • Manus languages
      • Pak-Tong [pkg]
        • Pak
        • Tong
      • Mokoreng-Loniu languages
        • Loniu [los]
        • Mokerang [mft]
      • East Manus languages
        • Andra-Hus (or Ahus, Ha’us) [anx]
        • Leipon (or Pityilu, Pitilu) [lek]
        • Ponam [ncc]
        • Kurti-Kele-Ere languages
          • Ere (or E, Nane) [twp]
          • Kele (Papua New Guinea) [sbc]
          • Kurti-Elu languages
            • Elu [elu]
            • Kurti [ktm]
        • Koro-Lele-Nali-Titan languages
          • Titan [ttv]
          • Lele (Papua New Guinea) [lle]
            • Sabon
          • Nali [nss]
            • Yiru
          • Manus Koro languages
            • Lopohan (or Koro) [kxr]
            • Papitalai [pat]
      • West Manus languages
        • West Manus I languages
          • Bipi (or Sisi-Bipi) [biq]
          • Hermit (or Luf, Agomes, Maron) [llf]
          • Nyindrou (or Lindau, Lindrou, Nyadan, Salien) [lid]
            • Babon
          • Sori-Harengan [sbh]
            • Harengan
            • Sori
        • West Manus II languages
          • Likum [lib]
          • Mondropolon [npn]
          • Khehek [tlk]
            • Bucho
            • Drehet (or Ndrehet)
            • Levei
          • Tulu-Bohuai [rak]
            • Bohuai (or Pahavai, Pelipowai, Pohuai)
            • Keli
            • Tulu (Papua New Guinea)
Central Pacific languages:
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  • Rotuman (or Rotunan) [rtm]
  • West Fijian languages
    • Western Fijian (or Magodro, Nakoroboya, Noikoro, Viti) [wyy]
      • Nuclear Western Fijian (or Baaravi, Nadroga, Nadrogaa, Nadronga)
      • Waya (Western Fijian)
    • Namosi-Naitasiri-Serua (or Namosi-Naitaasiri-Seerua) [bwb]
      • Batiwai
      • Nalea
      • Tubai
  • East Fijian-Polynesian (or Tokelau-Fijian) languages
    • Polynesian languages (see below)
    • East Fijian languages
      • Gone Dau [goo]
      • Lomaiviti [lmv]
      • Lauan (or Lau) [llx]
        • Lau Island Lauan
        • Vanua Balavu Lauan
      • Fijian [fj]
        • Bau (Fijian)
        • Central Vanua Levu
        • Kadavu
        • Northeast Vanua Levu
        • Northeast Viti Levu
        • Southeast Vanua Levu
        • Southeast Viti Levu
        • West Vanua Levu
Polynesian languages:
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  • Tongic languages
  • Nuclear Polynesian languages
    • Anuta
    • East Futuna
    • Pukapuka
    • Tikopia
    • Rennell-Bellona
      • Munggava
      • Mungiki
    • East Uvean-Niuafo’ou languages
      • East Uvean
      • Niuafo’ou
      • Niuatoputapu
    • Vaeakau-Taumako
      • Aua (Pileni)
      • Matema
      • Nuclear Pileni
      • Nukapu
      • Nupani
      • Taumako
    • Ellicean languages
      • Samoan-Tokelauan languages
        • Samoan [sm]
        • Tokelauan (or Tokelau)
      • Tuvaluan (or Tuvalu)
        • North Tuvaluan
        • South Tuvaluan
    • Vanuatu-Loyalty Outliers languages
      • Emae
      • West Uvean
      • Mele-Futuna languages
        • Futuna-Aniwa
          • Aniwa
          • West Futuna
        • Mele-Fila
          • Fila
          • Mele
    • Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
      • Carolinean Outlier Polynesian languages
        • Kapingamarangi
        • Nukuoro
      • Solomons Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
        • Sikaiana
        • Central Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
          • East Polynesian languages (see below)
          • Central Northern Outlier Polynesian languages
            • Luangiua
              • Nuclear Luangiua
              • Pelau
            • Takuuic languages
              • Nukumanu
              • Nukuria
              • Takuu
East Polynesian languages:
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  • Rapanui (or Rapa Nui, Pascuan) [rap]
  • Central Eastern Polynesian languages
    • Marquesic languages
      • Hawaiian
      • Marquesan languages
        • South Marquesan [mqm]
          • Fatu Hiva
          • Hiva Oa
          • Tahuta
        • North Marquesan [mrq]
          • Hatutu
          • Nuku Hiva
          • Ua Huka
          • Ua Pou
    • Tahitic languages
      • Mangareva [mrv]
      • Māngarongaro (or Tongareva, Penrhynese) [pnh]
      • Rakahanga-Manihiki
      • Tahitian-Austral languages
        • Tahitian [ty]
        • Austral (or Tubuai-Rurutu) [aut]
          • Raivavae
          • Rimatara
          • Rurutu
          • Tubuai
      • Maori [mi]
        • Bay of Plenty
        • Moriori
        • North Auckland
        • Rotorua-Taupo
        • South Island
        • Taranaki
        • Wanganui
      • Tuamotuan [pmt]
        • Fangatau
        • Marangai
        • Napuka
        • Parata
        • Reao
        • Tapuhoe
        • Vahitu
      • Mangaia-Old Rapa languages
        • Old Rapa (or Rapan, Rapano) [rai]
        • Southern Cook Island Maori (or Rarotongan-Mangaian, Kuki Airani) [rar]
          • Aitutaki
          • Atiu
          • Mangaia
          • Mauke
          • Mitiaro
          • Rarotonga
Chuukic (or Trukic) languages:
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  • Western Chuukic (or Western Trukic) languages
    • Ulithian [uli]
    • Sonsorol-Tobi languages
      • Tobian [tox]
      • Sonsorol [sov]
        • Pulo Anna
        • Sonsorolese
  • Nuclear Chuukic (or Nuclear Trukic) languages
    • Mapia (†) [mpy]
    • Woleaian [woe]
      • Lamotrek
      • Nuclear Woleaian
    • Central Trukic (or Central Chuukic) languages
      • Satawalese-Carolinian languages
        • Satawalese [stw]
        • Macro-Carolinian languages
          • Carolinian [cal]
          • Namonuito [nmt]
          • Murilo-Fanapanges languages
            • Pááfang [pfa]
            • Tanapag [tpv]
      • Eastern Chuukic (or Eastern Trukic) languages
        • Puluwatese-Pollapese languages
          • Pollapese [?]
          • Puluwatese [puw]
            • Nuclear Puluwatese
            • Pulapese
            • Pulusukese
        • Mortlockese-Chuukese (or Mortlockese-Trukese) languages
          • Chuukese (or Trukese) [chk]
            • East Lagoon Chuukese (or East Lagoon Trukese)
            • Fayichuck
          • Mortlockese [mrl]
            • Lower Mortlock
            • Mid Mortlock
            • Upper Mortlock
Southeast Solomonic languages:
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  • Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages
    • Southeast Guadalcanal languages
      • Birao (or Mbirao) [brr]
      • Talise (or Talisi, Tolo) [tlr]
        • Koo
        • Malagheti
        • Moli
        • Nuclear Talise
        • Poleo
        • Tolo (Solomon Islands)
    • Nuclear Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages
      • Nggelic languages
        • Gela (or Nggela) [nlg]
        • Bughotu [bgt]
          • Hageulu
          • Vulava
      • North and West Guadalcanal languages
        • Malango [mln]
        • Lengo (or Ruavatu, Tasemboko) [lgr]
          • Aola
          • Ghaimuta
          • Nuclear Lengo
          • Paripao
        • Ghari (or Gari, Sughu, Tangarare) [gri]
          • Gae
          • Geri
          • Ndi (Solomon Islands)
          • Nginia
          • Nuclear Ghari
          • Tandai-Nggaria
  • Longgu-Malaita-Makira languages
    • Longgu (or Logu) [lgu]
    • Malaita-Makira languages
      • Sa’a (or Apae’aa, South Malaita) [apb]
        • Uki Ni Masi
        • Ulawa
      • Makira languages
        • Kahua (or Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Chaha, Narihua, Wanoni) [agw]
        • Arosi [aia]
          • Nuclear Arosi
          • Wango
        • Bauro (or Mamarego, Marmaregho) [bxa]
          • Haununu
          • Nuclear Bauro
          • Rawo (Bauro)
        • Fagani (or Faghani, Gani) [faf]
          • Agufi
          • Nuclear Fagani
          • Rihu’a
        • Owa (or Narihua, Wanoni) [stn]
          • Santa Ana (Solomon Islands)
          • Santa Catalina
          • Tawarafa
      • Malaita languages
        • Southern Malaita languages
          • Dori’o (or Kwarekwareo) [dor]
          • Oroha (Oraha, Mara Ma-Siki) [ora]
          • ’Are’are (or Areare) [alu]
            • Marau Sound
            • Nuclear ’Are’are
        • Central-Northern Malaita languages
          • Gula’alaa (or Ngongosila, Kwai) [gmb]
          • Kwaio (or Koio) [kwd]
          • Kwara’ae (or Fiu) [kwf]
          • Wala (or Langalanga) [lgl]
          • North Malaitan languages
            • Baeggu (or Baegu, Mbaenggu) [bvd]
            • Baelelea (or Mbaelelea) [bvc]
            • Fataleka [far]
            • To’abaita (or Malu, Malu’u, To’ambaita, Toqabaqita) [mlu]
            • Lau [llu]
              • Dai (Lau)
              • Nuclear Lau
              • Suafa
Southern Melanesian languages:
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St. Matthias languages:
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Temotu languages:
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Yapesic languages:
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Micronesian languages:
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  • Nauruan [na]
  • Nuclear Micronesian languages
    • Kosraean [kos]
      • Lelu-Tafunsak
      • Malen-Utwe
    • Central Micronesian languages
      • Gilbertese (or Kiribati) [gil]
        • Banaban
        • Nui
      • Western Micronesian languages
        • Marshallese [mh]
          • Rälik
          • Ratak
        • Chuukic-Ponapeic (or Trukukic-Ponapeic) languages
          • Chuukic (or Trukic) languages (see below)
          • Ponapeic languages
            • Mokilese [mkj]
            • Pingelapese [pif]
            • Pohnpeian [pon]
              • Kiti
              • Ponapean
              • Sapwuahfik
Central Vanuatu languages:
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  • Paama (or Paama-Lopevi, Paamese, Pauma) [pma]
    • North Paama
    • South Paama
  • Namakura (or Makura) [nmk]
    • Buninga (Namakura)
    • Makura
    • Mataso
    • Tongariki Island
    • Tongoa Island
  • South Pentecost languages
    • Seke-Sowa languages
      • Seke (Vanuatu) (or Ske) [ske]
      • Sowa [sww]
    • Sa [sax]
      • Lolatavola
      • Ninebulo
      • Ponorwal
    • Apma (or Central Raga) [app]
      • Bwatnapni
      • Loltong
      • Melsisi
      • Suru-Bo
      • Suru-Marani
  • Ambrym languages
    • Lonwolwol (Craig Cove, Fali, Fanting, Raljago, West Ambrym) [crc]
    • North Ambrym [mmg]
      • Magam
      • Olal
    • Orkon-Port Vato-Dakaka languages
      • Orkon-Fanbak [fnb]
      • Port Vato-Dakaka languages
        • Daakie (or Port Vato) [ptv]
        • Dakaka (or Baiap) [bpa]
          • Sesivi
    • Southeast Ambrym [tvk]
      • Endu
      • Ase-Taveak
        • Mele Maat
        • Penapo
        • Taveak
        • Toak
  • Epi-Efate languages
    • Epi languages
      • Baki-Bierebo languages
        • Baki (or Burumba, Paki) [bki]
        • Bierebo (or Bonkovia-Yevali) [bnk]
      • Bieria-Maii languages
        • Maii (or Mkir, Mae-Morae, Mafilau) [mmm]
        • Bieria (or Bieri, Vovo, Wowo) [brj]
          • Nuclear Bieria
          • Vovo
      • Lamenu-Lewo languages
        • Lamenu (or Lamen, Varmali) [lmu]
        • Lewo (or Varsu) [lww]
          • Mate-Nul-Filakara
          • Tasiko
    • Efate (or Efatic) languages
      • South Efatic languages
        • South Efate (or Erakor, Fate) [erk]
        • Eton (Vanuatu) (or Epwau) [etn]
          • Eton
          • Pang Pang
      • North Efatic languages
        • Lelepa (or Havannah Harbour) [lpa]
        • North Efate (or Tongoa)
          • Buninga
          • Emau
          • Livara
          • Nguna
          • Paunangis
          • Sesake
  • Malakula languages
    • Northern Malakula languages
      • Malua Bay (or Mallicolo) [mll]
      • North Coast Malakula languages
        • Nese [?]
        • Botovro-Vovo-Vao languages
          • Mpotovoro (or Botovro) [mvt]
          • Vao [vao]
    • Eastern Malakula linkage languages
      • Uripiv-Wala-Rano-Atchin [upv]
        • Atchin
        • Uripiv
        • Wala-Rano
      • Central-Southeast Malakula languages
        • Burmbar (or Vartavo) [vrt]
        • Aulua [aul]
          • Boinelang
          • Onesso
        • Unua-Pangkumu languages
          • Rerep (or Pangkumu) [pgk]
            • Tisman
          • Unua (or Onua) [onu]
            • Bush Unua
        • Southeastern Malakula linkage languages
          • Bwenelang [?]
          • Maskelynes [klv]
          • Nasvang-Nisvai languages
            • Nasvang [?]
            • Nisvai [?]
          • Port Sandwich-Axamb-Avok languages
            • Avok [?]
            • Axamb (or Ahamb) [ahb]
            • Port Sandwich (or Lamap) [psw]
    • Western Malakula linkage languages
      • Central-Western Malakula languages
        • Larevat [lrv]
        • Naman (or Litzlitz, Litzlitz-Visele) [lzl]
        • Neverver (or Lingarak) [lgk]
        • Neve’ei (or Vinmavis, Lambumbu) [vnm]
          • Winiv (Vinmavis)
      • Peripheral Western Malakula languages
        • Ninde-Nati languages
          • Nati [?]
          • Ninde (or Meaun, Mewun, Nide, Ninde) [mwi]
        • Northwestern Malakula languages
          • Big Nambas (or V’ënen Taut) [nmb]
          • Maragus (or Tape) [mrs]
          • Tirax (or Mae, Tirak, Emwae) [mme]
            • North Small Nambas
        • Southwestern Malakula languages
          • Avava (or Tembimbe-Katbol, Bangsa’, Katbol) [tmb]
          • Dixon Reef (or Aveteian) [dix]
          • Nasarian [nvh]
          • Navwien [?]
          • Southwest Coastal Malekula languages
            • Nahavaq (Seniang, Sinesip) [sns]
            • Na’ahai (or Malfaxal, Taman, Tomman) [mlx]
              • Orierh
          • Letemboi-Repanbitip [nms]
            • Letemboi
            • Repanbitip
          • Nititi-Vivti languages
            • Nitita [?]
            • Vivti [?]
Northern Vanuatu languages:
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  • Hano (or Bwatvenua, Lamalanga, Qatvenua, Raga, Vunmarama) [lml]
  • Ambae languages
    • West Ambae (or Opa) [nnd]
      • Nduindui
      • Walaha
    • East Ambae (or Omba, Aoba, Walurigi, Northeast Lolovoli) [omb]
      • Lolokaro
      • Lombaha
      • Longana
  • Maewo languages
    • Sunwadia (or Marino, Naone, North Maewo) [mrb]
    • Baetora [btr]
      • Narovorovo
      • Nasawa
      • Talise (Vanuatu)
    • Central Maewo [mwo]
      • Lotora
      • Peterara
      • Tanoriki
  • Torres-Banks linkage languages
    • Dorig (or Wetamut) [wwo]
    • Lehali (or Teqel] [tql]
    • Lehalurup (or Löyöp, Ureparapara) [urr]
    • Mota [mtt]
    • Nume (or Tarasag, Tasarag) [tgs]
    • Mwotlap (or Motlav) [mlv]
      • Volow
    • Vurës (or Mwesen, Mosina) [msn]
      • Nuclear Vures
      • Vetumboso
    • Hiw-Lo-Toga languages
      • Hiw (or Torres) [hiw]
      • Lo-Toga (or Loh-Toga) [lht]
    • Merlav (or Mwerlap) [mrm]
      • Matliwag
      • Mwerig
      • West Mwerelawa
    • Koto-Olrat-Lakon languages
      • Lakon (or Lakona, Gaua, Gog, Vure) [lkn]
      • Koro-Olrat [krf]
        • Koro (Vanuatu)
        • Olrat
    • Lemerig-Veraa languages
      • Lemerig [lrz]
      • Vera’a [vra]
        • Leon
        • Pak (Vatrata)
        • Sasar
  • Espiritu Santo languages
    • West Santo languages
      • Akei (or Tasiriki) [tsr]
      • Kula (Vanuatu) (or Wusi) [wsi]
    • South Santo languages
      • Ale (or Wailapa) [wlr]
      • Amblong (or Varavara, Aje) [alm]
      • Araki [akr]
      • Movono (or Tangoa) [tgp]
      • Narango (or Farsaf) [nrg]
    • North-West Santo languages
      • Nokuku (or Nogugu) [nkk]
      • Piamatsina [ptr]
      • Tasmate (or Meri, Oa) [tmt]
      • Tolomako (or Tolomako-Jereviu, Big Bay) [tlm]
      • Valpei (or Valpei-Hukua) [vlp]
      • Vunapu [vnp]
    • Central Santo languages
      • Kiai (or Fortsenal) [frt]
      • Mores (or Roria, Soisoru, Toksiki) [rga]
      • Morouas (or Ko, Mores) [mrp]
      • Tiale-Merei-Navut languages
        • Navut (or Sinia) [nsw]
        • Tiale (or Malmariv) [mnl]
        • Merei (or Lametin, Merei) [lmb]
          • Winiv (Merei)
    • East Santo languages
      • Aore [aor]
      • Nethalp (or Lorediakarkar) [lnn]
      • Ngen (or Shark Bay) [ssv]
      • Tamambo (or Malo) [mla]
        • Ataripoe
        • Avunatari
      • Wanohe (or Sakao, Sakau) [sku]
        • Nkep
        • Sakao
      • Mafea-Tutuba languages
        • Mafea (or Mavea) [mkv]
        • Tutuba [tmi]
      • Southeast Santo languages
        • Farafi (or Butmas-Tur, Ati) [bnr]
        • Polonombauk (or Narmoris) [plb]
        • Tambotalo (or Biliru) [tls]
Meso Melanesian linkage languages:
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  • Bali-Vitu languages
    • Muduapa (or Vitu, Witu) [wiv]
    • Uneapa (or Bali) [bbn]
  • Willaumez linkage languages
    • Bola-Bulu languages
      • Bulu (Papua New Guinea) [bjl]
      • Bola (or Bola-Bakovi, Bakovi) [bnp]
        • Harua (or Garua, Karua, Xarua, Mai)
        • Nuclear Bola
    • Nakanai-Meramera languages
      • Meramera [mxm]
        • Lolobao
      • Nakanai (or Nakonai) [nak]
        • Bileki
        • Losa
        • Maututu
        • Ubae
        • Vere (Papua New Guinea)
  • New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic linkage (or Neu-Mecklenburg) languages
    • Tomoip (or Tomoyp, Tomoive, Tumuip, Tumie) [tqp]
    • St George linkage languages (see below)
    • Madak linkage languages
      • Barok (or Kanalu, Kanapit, Kolube, Kulubi, Komalu) [bjk]
        • Nuclear Barok
        • Usen
      • Lavatbura-Lamusong [lbv]
        • Kontu
        • Lamusong
        • Lavatbura
        • Ugana
      • Madak [mmx]
        • Danu (Papua New Guinea)
        • Katingan (Papua New Guinea)
        • Lelet
        • Malom
        • Mesi
    • Tabar linkage languages
      • Lihir (or Lir) [lih]
      • Notsi (or Nochi) [ncf]
      • Mandara (or Madara, Tabar, Wandala) [tbf]
        • Big Tabar
        • Simberi
        • Tatau
    • Tungak-Nalik languages
      • Lakuramau [?]
      • Nalik (or Fesoa, Fessoa, Lugagon) [nal] (disabled)
      • Tiang (or Djaul) [tbj]
      • Tungag (or Tungak, Lavangai, Lavongai, Dang) [lcm]
      • Kara (Papua New Guinea) (or Lemakot, Lemusmus) [leu]
        • East Kara
        • Lauan-Nonopai
        • Luburua
        • Ngavalus-Lossuk
        • West Kara
      • Tigak (or Omo) [tgc]
        • Central Tigak
        • Island Tigak
        • South Tigak
        • West Tigak
St George linkage languages:
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  • Siar-Lak (or Siar, Lak, Lamassa, Lambom) [sjr]
  • Sursurunga [zgz]
  • Northwest Solomonic languages (see below)
  • Konomala [koa]
    • Laket
    • Nuclear Konomala
  • Tangga (or Tanga) [tgg]
    • Fanamaket [bjp]
    • Niwer Mil-Warwar Feni
      • Niwer Mil [hrc]
      • Warwar Feni (or Anir, Feni) [hrw]
  • Kandas-Duke of York languages
    • Kandas (or King) [kqw]
    • Ramoaaina (or Ramuaina, Duke of York) [rai]
      • Aalawa
      • Makada
      • Molot (or Main Island)
  • Label-Bilur languages
    • Bilur (or Birar) [bxf]
    • Label [lbb]
  • Patpatar-Minigir-Tolai languages
    • Patpatar (or Gelik, Patpari) [gfk]
      • Nuclear Patpatar
      • Pala
      • Sokirik
    • Minigir-Tolai languages
      • Guramalum [grz]
      • Minigir (or Lungalunga) [vmg]
      • Kuanua (or Tinata Tuna, Tuna, Gunantuna, Tolai, Ober-Mengen, Neu-Pommern, New Britain Language, Blanche Bay) [ksd]
        • Kabakada
        • Kininanggunan
        • Kokopo
        • Livuan
        • Masawa
        • Matupit
        • Nodup
        • Rakunei
        • Raluana
        • Rapitok
        • Rebar
        • Vanumami
        • Vunadidir
        • Watom
Northwest Solomonic languages:
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  • West Santa Isabel languages
    • Laghu (or Lagu, Katova) (†) [lgb]
    • Zabana (or Kham, Kia) [kji]
  • Banoni-Piva languages
    • Bannoni (or Banoni, Tsunari) [bcm]
    • Lawunuia (or Nagarege, Nagarige, Naghareghe, Piva) [tgi]
      • Amun
  • Mono-Uruavan languages
    • Torau (or Rorovana) [ttu]
    • Uruava [urv]
    • Mono-Alu [mte]
      • Alu
      • Fauro
      • Mono
  • Choiseul languages
    • West Choiseul languages
      • Ririo [rri]
      • Southeast Choiseul languages
        • Sisiqa [?]
        • Babatana (or Mbambatana, East Choiseul) [baa]
          • Avasö
          • Katazi
          • Kuboro
          • Lömaumbi
          • Nuclear Babatana
          • Sengan
    • East Choiseul languages
      • Vaghua (or Vagua, Tavola, Tavula) [tva]
      • Varisi (or Varese) [vrs]
        • Ghone
        • Nuclear Varisi
  • Santa Isabel languages
    • East Santa Isabel languages
    • Central Santa Isabel languages
  • North Bougainville Oceanic languages
    • Solos [sol]
    • Nuclear North Bougainville Oceanic languages
  • New Georgia languages
    • Kazukuru (†) [kzk]
    • West New Georgia languages
    • East New Georgia languages
North New Guinea linkage languages:
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  • Sarmi-Jayapura Bay languages
  • Schouten linkage languages
  • Huon Gulf languages
  • Ngero-Vitiaz linkage languages
Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages:
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  • Central Papuan Oceanic languages (see below)
  • Nimoa-Sudest languages
    • Nimoa (or Nimowa) [nmw]
      • Panatinani
      • Panawina
      • Sabari
      • Western Point
    • Sudest (or Sud-Est, Tagula, Vanatina, Vanga) [tgo]
      • Eastern Point
      • Griffin Point
      • Jelewaga
      • Pamela
      • Rambuso
  • Kilivila-Misima languages
    • Misima-Paneati (or Panaeati, Panaieti, Panayeti, Paneate, Paneyate) [mpx]
      • Nasikwabw (or Tokunu)
      • Tewatewa
    • Kilivilic languages
      • Budibud (or Nada) [btp]
      • Kilivila-Muyuw languages
        • Kilivila (or Kiriwina) [kij]
          • Kitava
          • Sinaketa
          • Vakuta
        • Muyuw (or Muyu, Muyua, Muyuwa, Murua, Muruwa) [myw]
          • Iwa (Papua New Guinea)
          • Lougaw (or Gawa)
          • Nawyem
          • Wamwan
          • Yanaba
Central Papuan Oceanic languages:
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  • Sinagoro-Keapara languages
    • Sinaugoro (or Sinagoro) [snc]
      • Alepa
      • Babagarupu
      • Balawaia
      • Boku
      • Buaga
      • Ikega
      • Ikolu
      • Kubuli
      • Kwaibida
      • Kwaibo
      • Omene
      • Oruone
      • Saroa
      • Taboro
      • Tubulamo
      • Vora
      • Wiga
    • Hula-Keapara languages
      • Hula [hul]
        • Alewai
        • Irupara
        • Kaporoko
        • Vula (or Vulaa)
      • Keapara (or Keopara, Kerepunu) [khz]
        • Aroma
        • Babaga
        • Kalo (Keapara)
        • Kapari
        • Lalaura
        • Maopa
        • Nuclear Keapara
        • Wanigela
  • Oumic languages
    • Ouma [oum]
    • Magoric languages
      • Bina (Papua New Guinea) [bmn]
      • Magori [zgr]
      • Yoba [yob]
  • West Central Papuan linkage languages
    • Abadi (or Kabadi, Gabadi) [kbt]
    • Motu (or Pure Motu, True Motu, Mona) [meu]
      • Eastern Motu
      • Western Motu
    • Nuclear West Central Papuan linkage languages
      • Kuni [kse]
      • Lala (or Nara, Nala, Ala'ala, Pokau) [nrz]
      • Toura (Papua New Guinea) (or Doura) [don]
      • Mekeo (or Mekeo-Kovio, Kovio) [mek]
        • East Mekeo
        • North Mekeo
        • Northwest Mekeo
        • West Mekeo
      • Waima [rro]
        • Nuclear Waima
        • Paitana
        • Roro
Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages:
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  • North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages (see below)
  • Maisin (or Maisan) [mbq]
    • Kosirava
    • Nuclear Maisin
  • Suauic languages
    • ’Auhelawa (or ’Urada, Kurada, Nuakata) [kud]
    • Buhutu (Bohutu, Buhulu, Siasiada, Yaleba) [bxh]
    • Oya’oya [oyy]
    • Unubahe [unu]
    • Bwanabwana (or Tubetube) [tte]
      • Kwalaiwa
      • Wale
    • Wagawaga [wgb]
      • Gamadoudou
      • Nuclear Wagawaga
    • Suau Chain languages
      • Saliba [sbe]
        • Logeya
        • Nuclear Saliba
      • Suau [swp]
        • Bona Bona
        • Bonarua
        • Dahuni
        • Daui
        • Leileiafa
        • Nuclear Suau
        • Sinaki
North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages:
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  • Anuki (or Gabobora) [aui]
  • Gumawana (or Domdom, Gumasi) [gvs]
  • Dobu-Duau linkage languages (see below)
  • Are-Taupota linkage languages (see below)
  • Kakabai linkage languages
    • Dawawa (or Dawana) [dww]
    • Kakabai (or Igora) [kqf]
      • North Kakabai
      • South Kakabai
  • Bwaidoga linkage languages
    • Koluwawa (or Kalokalo) [klx]
    • Molima (or Morima, Ebadidi, Fagululu, Salakahadi) [mox]
      • Ai’alu
      • Tala’ai
      • Tosila’ai
    • Diodio (or West Goodenough) [ddi]
      • Awale
      • Central Diodio
      • Iauiaula
      • Utalo
    • Bwaidoka-Iduna languages
      • Iduna (or Vivigani, Vivigana) [viv]
        • Belebele
        • Central Vivigani
        • Goiala
        • Idakamenai
        • Kalauna
        • Ufaufa
        • Ufufu
        • Waibula
      • Bwaidoka [bwd]
        • Bebebele Ii
        • Belebele I
        • Bwaidoga
        • Faiyava
        • Kilia
        • Kiliva
        • Lauwela
        • Mataitai
        • Wagifa
    • Iamalelic languages
      • Maiadomu (or Maiadom) [mzz]
      • Iamalele (or Yamalele) [yml]
        • Central Yamalele
        • Didigavu
        • Gwabegwabe
        • Masimasi (Yamalele)
        • Southern Yamalele
Dobu-Duau linkage languages:
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  • Dobu [dob]
    • Central Dobu
    • Galubwa
    • Loboda
    • Sanaroa
    • Ubuia
  • Duau [dva]
    • Dawada
    • Guleguleu
    • Mwalukwasia
    • Siausi
    • Somwadina
  • Sewa Bay (or Duau Pwata) [sew]
    • Bwakera
    • Central Sewa Bay
    • Darubia
    • Maiabare
    • Miadeba
    • Sewataitai
    • Sibonai
  • Boselewa-Galeya languages
    • Boselewa (or Bosalewa, Bosilewa, Mwani’u) [bwf]
    • Galeya [gar]
      • Basima
      • Gameta
      • Garea
      • Sebutuia
      • Urua
      • Wadalei
  • Bunama-Mwatebu languages
    • Mwatebu [mwa]
    • Bunama [bdd]
      • Barabara
      • Kasikasi
      • Kerorogea
      • Kumalahu
      • Lomitawa
      • Meudana
      • Nuclear Bunama
      • Sawabwala
      • Sawatupwa
      • Sipupu
      • Weyoko
Are-Taupota linkage languages:
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  • Are linkage languages
    • Are (or Mukawa) [mwc]
    • Doga (or Magabara) [dgg]
    • Gapapaiwa (or Gapa, Manape, Paiwa) [pwg]
    • Ghayavi (or Galavi, Boanaki, Boianaki, Boinaki, Boanai) [bmk]
    • Kaninuwa (or Kaokao, Wataluma) [wat]
    • Ubir (or Ubiri, Kubiri) [ubr]
    • Arifama-Miniafia (or Miniafia-Arifama) [aai]
      • Arifama
      • Miniafia
  • Taupota linkage languages
    • Maiwala [mum]
    • Minaveha (or Minavega, Kukuya) [mvn]
    • Yakaikeke [ykk]
    • Wedau (or Wedaun, Wedawan) [wed]
      • Kwamana
      • Lavora
      • Topura
      • Yapoa
    • Tawala (or Tawara, Tavara) [tbo]
      • Awayama
      • Bohilai
      • Diwinai
      • Huhuna
      • Kehelala
      • Labe
      • Lelehudi
      • Sideya
      • Yaleba
    • Eastern Taupota languages
      • Gweda (or Garuwahi, Garuvahi) [grw]
      • Taupota [tpa]
      • Wa’ema (or Waiema) [wag]
      • Haigwai (or Garaghwaghi) [hgw]
        • Kapulika
        • Naura
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  • Aru languages (see below)
  • Babar languages (see below)
  • Central Maluku languages (see below)
  • Flores-Lembata languages (see below)
  • Flores-Sumba-Hawu languages (see below)
  • Kei-Tanimbar languages (see below)
  • Timoric languages
  • Bima [bhp]
    • Kolo (Indonesia)
    • Mbojo
    • Nuclear Bima
    • Sangar
    • Toloweri
  • Kowiai [kwh]
    • Adijaya
    • Keroi
    • Namatota
    • Waikala
  • South Tanimbar languages
    • Selaru [slu]
      • Kandar
    • Seluwasan [sws]
      • Makatian
      • Nuclear Seluwasan
Aru languages:
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Babar languages:
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Central-Maluku languages:
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  • East Central Maluku languages (see below)
  • Teor-Kur languages
    • Kur [kuv]
    • Teor [tev]
      • Gaur Kristen
      • Ut
  • West Central Maluku languages
    • Ambelau [amv]
    • Buru-Sula-Taliabo languages
      • Taliaboic languages
        • Kadai [kzd]
        • Taliabu [tlv]
          • Mananga
          • Mangei
          • Padang (Taliabu)
      • Sula-Buru languages
        • Sulaic languages
          • Mangole [mqc]
          • Sula [szn]
            • Facei
            • Fagudu
            • Falahu
        • Buruic languages
          • Hukumina [huw]
          • Lisela [lcl]
            • Nuclear Lisela
            • Tagalisa
          • Buru (Indonesia) [mhs]
            • Central Buru
            • Fogi
            • Masarete
            • Wae Sama
East Central Maluku languages:
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Flores-Lembata languages:
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  • Kedang [ksx]
  • Sika-Lamaholot languages
Flores-Sumba-Hawu languages:
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  • Flores Barat languages
  • Sumba-Hawu languages
Kei-Tanimbar languages:
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  • Kei-Fordata languages
    • Fordata [frd]
      • Fordata-Larat I
      • Fordata-Larat II
      • Molo (Indonesia)
      • Sera (Indonesia)
    • Kei [kei]
      • Kei Besar
      • Kei Kecil
      • Ta’am
      • Tanimbar Kei
      • Tayando
  • Yamdena-Onin languages
    • Yamdena [jmd]
      • North Yamdena
      • South Yamdena
    • Oninic languages
      • Onin [oni]
        • Nikuda
        • Ogar
        • Patipi
        • Sepa
      • Sekar [skz]
      • Uruangnirin [urn]
Timoric A languages:
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  • Eastern Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Northern Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Western Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Central Timoric A languages
    • Habu [hbu]
    • Tetunic languages
      • Tetun Dili [tdt]
      • Tetum [tet]
        • Eastern Tetun
        • Northern Tetun
        • Southern Tetun
Eastern Timoric A languages:
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  • Maku’a [lva]
  • Kawaimina languages
    • Waima’a [wmh]
    • Kairui-Midiki [krd]
      • Kairui
      • Midiki
    • Nauete [nxa]
      • Naumik
      • Oso Moko
  • Luangic-Kisaric languages
    • Kisaric languages
      • Kisar [kje]
      • Roma [rmm]
    • Luangic languages
      • Leti (Indonesia) [lti]
      • Luang [lex]
        • Wetan
        • Nuclear Luang
          • Lakor
          • Luang island
          • Moa
          • Sermata
Northern Timoric A languages:
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  • East Damar [dmr]
  • Teun-Nila-Serua languages
    • Te’un [tve]
    • Nila-Serua languages
      • Nila [nil]
      • Serua (†) [srw]
  • Galoli-Talur [gal]
    • Baba (East Timor)
    • Dadua
    • Edi
    • Hahak
    • Na Nahek
    • Nuclear Galoli
    • Talur
      • Hiay
      • Ilputih (Talur)
      • Ilwaki
  • Wetar languages
    • Ili’uun [ilu]
      • Eray
      • Esulit
      • Ilmaumau
      • Karbubu
      • Klishatu
      • Nabar
      • Telemar
      • Ustutun
    • Perai-Tugun-Aputai languages
      • Perai-Aputai languages
        • Perai [wet]
          • Moning
          • Uhak
        • Aputai [apx]
          • Ilputih (Aputai)
          • Lurang
          • Welemur
      • Tugun [tzn]
        • Arwala
        • Ilpokil
        • Kahailin Ilway
        • Mahuan
        • Masapua
        • Tomliapat
Western Timoric A languages:
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  • Helong [heg]
    • Funai
    • Helong Darat
    • Helong Pulau
  • Uab Metoic languages
    • Baikeno [bkx]
      • Kais Metan
      • Tai Boko
      • Uis Tasae
    • Amarasi [aaz]
      • Kotos
      • Ro’is
      • Ro’is Hero
      • Ro’is Tais Nonof
    • Uab Meto [aoz]
      • Amanuban-Amanatun
      • Amfoan-Fatule’u-Amabi
      • Biboki-Insana
      • Kusa-Manlea
      • Mollo-Miomafo
  • Rotinese languages
    • Dela-Oenale [row]
      • Dela
      • Oenale
    • Dengka [dnk]
      • Eastern Dengka
      • Lelain
      • Western Dengka
    • Nuclear Rotinese languages
      • Tii [txq]
      • Bilba [bpz]
        • Diu
        • Lelenuk
        • Nuclear Bilba
      • Lole [llg]
        • Ba’a
        • North Lole
        • South Lole
      • Ringgou [rgu]
        • Landu
        • Nuclear Ringgou
        • Oe Pao
      • Termanu [twu]
        • Bokai
        • Korbafo
        • Pa'da
        • Pa'da Kona
Timoric B languages:
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  • Eastern Timoric B languages
    • Idaté [idt]
    • Lakalei [lka]
  • Mambae [mgm]
    • Damata
    • Lolei
    • Mambai (East Timor)
    • Manua
  • Western Timoric B languages
    • Kemak [kem]
      • Nogo
      • Nuclear Kemak
    • Tukudede [tkd]
      • Keha
      • Nuclear Tukudede
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  • Basap [bdp]
    • Berau
    • Binatang
    • Bulungan
    • Dumaring
    • Jembayan
    • Karangan
  • Greater Barito linkage languages
    • North East Greater Barito languages (see below)
    • North West Greater Barito languages (see below)
    • Sama-Bajaw languages (see below)
    • Southeast Barito languages (see below)
    • Dusun Deyah [dun]
    • Barito-Mahakam languages
    • Dusun Malang [duq]
      • Bayan
      • Nuclear Dusun Malang
    • South West Greater Barito languages
      • Bakumpai [bkr]
        • Mengkatip
        • Nuclear Bakumpai
      • Ngaju [nij]
        • Ba’amang
        • Mantangai
        • Pulopetak
North East Greater Barito languages:
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North West Greater Barito languages:
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Sama-Bajaw languages:
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  • Inabaknon [abx]
  • Yakan [yka]
  • Sulu-Borneo languages
    • Pangutaran Sama [slm]
    • Borneo Coast Bajaw languages
      • Mapun [sjm]
      • West Coast Bajau [bdr]
        • Banggi
        • Kawang
        • Kota Belud
        • Papar (West Coast Bajau)
        • Pitas Bajau
        • Putatan
        • Sandakan Bajau
      • Indonesian Bajau [bdl]
        • Jampea
        • Jaya Bakti
        • Kajoa
        • Matalaang
        • Poso
        • Roti
        • Same’
        • Sulamu
        • Togian 1
        • Togian 2
        • Wallace
    • Inner Sulu Sama languages
      • Central Sama [sml]
        • Dilaut-Badjao
      • Balangingi [sse]
        • Daongdung
        • Kabinga’an
        • Lutangan
        • Nuclear Balangingi
        • Sibuco-Vitali
        • Sibuguey
      • Southern Sama [ssb]
        • Bajau Banaran
        • Bajau Darat
        • Bajau Laut
        • Bajau Semporna
        • Balimbing
        • Bongao
        • Laminusa
        • Languyan
        • Obian
        • Sama (Malaysia-Philippines)
        • Sapa-Sapa
        • Sibutu’
        • Sikubung
        • Simunul
        • Sitangkai
        • Tandubas
        • Ubian
Southeast Barito languages:
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  • Malagasic languages (see below)
  • Dusun Witu [duw]
    • Dusun Pepas
    • Nuclear Dusun Witu
  • Maanyan-Paku languages
    • Paku [pku]
    • Ma’anyan [mhy]
      • Dusun Balangan
      • Samihim
      • Sihong
Malagasic languages:
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  • Malagasy [mg] macrolanguage
  • Southwestern Malagasic languages
    • Mahafaly Malagasy [?]
    • Tandroy Malagasy [tdx]
    • Tanosy Malagasy [txy]
    • Western Malagasic languages
      • West Malagasy Sakalava [skg]
      • Masikoro Malagasy [msh]
        • Masikoro-Miary
        • Vezo
  • North-Central Malagasic languages
    • Northern Malagasic languages
      • Antankarana Malagasy [xmv]
        • Kibushi-Kimaore
        • Mainland Antankarana
      • Tsimihety-Betsimisaraka languages
        • Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy [bmm]
        • Tsimihety Malagasy [xmw]
    • Central Malagasic languages
      • Tesaka Malagasy [tkg]
      • Northern Central Malagasic languages
        • Kibosy Kiantalaotsy-Majunga [buc]
          • Kiantalaotse
          • Majunga
        • Northeast Central Malagasic languages
          • Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy [bzc]
          • Bara-Merina languages
            • Bara Malagasy [bhr]
            • Plateau Malagasy [plt]
              • Betsileo
              • Bezanozano
              • Merina
              • Sihanaka
              • Tanala

Aymaran languages

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Central-Southern Aymara languages
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Tupe languages
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  • Cauqui [?]
  • Jaqaru (or Hakaru-Kauki, Haqearu) [jqr]

Cariban (or Carib) languages

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  • Apalaí [apy]
  • Guianan languages (see below)
  • Venezuelan Cariban languages (see below)
  • Yawaperi languages
    • Bonari (†) [?]
    • Waimiri-Atroari [atr]
      • Atruahí
      • Jawaperi
      • Waimiri
  • Kuikuroan languages
    • Pimenteira (†) [?]
    • Nuclear Kuikuroan languages
      • Kuikúro-Kalapálo [kui]
      • Matipuhy [mzo]
        • Nahukuá
        • Nuclear Matipuhy
  • Pekodian languages
    • Bakairí [bkq]
    • Xinguan languages
      • Apiaka-Tocantins (†) [?]
      • Ikpeng [txi]
      • Pará Arára [aap]
      • Yarumá (†) [?]
  • Opon-Yukpan languages
    • Opón-Carare (†) [?]
    • Yukpan languages
      • Japrería [jru]
      • Yukpa [yup]
        • Caño Padilla-La Laguna
        • Río Casacará
        • Río Maracas
        • Rio Negro
        • Yrapa
  • Parukotoan languages
    • Kaxuiâna [kbb]
      • Cunuana
      • De’cuana
      • Ihuruana
      • Pawiyana
    • Waiwaian languages
      • Hixkaryána [hix]
      • Waiwai [waw]
        • Katawian
Guianan languages:
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  • Palmela (†) [?]
  • Galibi Carib [car]
    • Murato
    • Tabajari
    • Tyrewuju
  • Maquiritari-Wayumara languages
    • Maquiritari [mch]
      • Maitsi
      • Mayongong
    • Wayumara (†) [?]
  • Taranoan languages
    • Carijona [cbd]
    • Tiriyoan languages
      • Akurio (†) [ako]
      • Pauxi (†) [?]
      • Trió (or Tiriyo) [tri]
        • Pianocotó
  • Wayanaic languages
    • Tiverighotto (†) [?]
    • Yebarana (†) [?]
    • Wayana [way]
      • Rucuyen
      • Urucuiana
Venezuelan Cariban languages:
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  • Mapoyo-Tamanaku languages
    • Tamanaku [tmz]
    • Cumana languages
      • Chaima [ciy]
      • Cumanagoto [cuo]
    • Paravilhana-Pauxiana languages
      • Paravilhana [?]
      • Pauxiana [?]
      • Sapara [?]
    • Mapoyo-Yawarana languages
      • Mapoyo [mcg]
      • Pémono [pev]
      • Yabarana [yar]
        • Curasicana
        • Wokiare
  • Pemong-Panare languages
    • Panare [pbh]
    • Pemongan languages
      • Macushi [mbc]
      • Kapon (or Kapong, Kapón) languages
        • Akawaio (or Akawayo) [ake]
        • Patamona [pbc]
      • Pemon (or Pemong, Pemón) [aoc]
        • Arecuna (or Arekuna)
        • Camaracota
        • Camaracoto
        • Ingariko (or Ingarikó)
        • Taulipang
        • Taurepan

Chibchan languages

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  • Pech (or Payan, Bayano, Taia, Towka, Seco) [pay]
  • Core Chibchan languages
    • Antioquian (†) [?]
    • Isthmic Chibchan (or Norteño, Nortenyo) languages (see below)
    • Magdalenic languages (see below)
    • Votic Chibchan languages
      • Huetar (†) [?]
      • Maléku Jaíka (Guatuso, Guetar, Watuso, Watuso-Wétar) [gut]
      • Rama (or Arama, Arrama, Boto, Voto, Melchora) [rma]
Isthmic Chibchan (or Norteño, Nortenyo) languages
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  • Doracic languages (†)
    • Changuena (†) [?]
    • Dorasque (†) [?]
  • Eastern Isthmic Chibchan languages
    • Kuna (or Cuna, Caimán, Cueva) languages
      • Border Kuna [kvn]
      • San Blas Kuna [cuk]
        • Bayano (or Paya-Pocuro)
        • Chuana
    • Guaymiic languages
      • Buglere (or Muoy, Murire) [sab]
        • Bokotá (or Bokota, Bocotá, Bocota, Bogota, Bogotá, Boncota, Bukueta, Bobota, Bofota)
        • Sabanero (or Veraguas Sabanero)
      • Ngäbere (or Ngawbere, Ngobere, Movere, Move, Mobe, Guaymi, Gymimí, Chiriqui, Mycenaean Linear B, Penonomeño) [gym]
        • Eastern Guaymí (or Costa Rica Ngäbere)
        • Valiente (or Western Guaymí, Panamá Guaymí, Panama Ngäbere)
  • Western Isthmic Chibchan languages
    • Boruca (or Boruka, Borunca, Borunka, Burunca, Brunca, Brunka, Burnca) [brn]
    • Teribe (or Tiribi, Tiribí, Tirribi, Tirub, Terraba, Naso, Quequexque) [tfr]
    • Viceitic languages
      • Bribri (or Viceita, Viceíta, Viceyta, Talamanca) [bzd]
        • Amubre-Katsi
        • Coroma
        • Salitre-Cabagra
      • Cabécar (or Cabecar, Kabékar, Tucurrique) [cjp]
        • Chirripó (or Chiripo)
        • Estrella
        • Telire
        • Ujarrás
Magdalenic languages
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  • Northern Magdalenic languages
    • Chimila (or Chimile, Shimizya, Simiza, Chamila, Ette Ennaka, Ette Taara, Caca Weranos, San Jorge) [cbg]
    • Arhuacic languages
      • Cogui (or Coghui, Coqui, Kogui, Kogi, Káugian, Köggaba, Kaggaba, Kagaba, Cágaba) [kog]
      • Eastern-Southern Arhuacic languages
        • Arhuaco (or Aruaco, Arwako, Bintuk, Bintuka, Bintukwa, Bintucua, Bíntucua, Busitana, Ika, Ica, Ijka, Ijca, Ixca, Ike, Icu) [arh]
        • Eastern Arhuacic languages
          • Kankuamo (†) [?]
          • Malayo (or Maracasero, Marocacero, Marocasero, Aisario, Arosario, Arsario, Sancá, Sanka, Sanká, Sanja, Sanha, Huihua, Wiwa, Wamaka, Guamaca, Guamaka, Kampanake, Damana, Atanque, Bustintana, Nabela) [mbp]
  • Southern Magdalenic languages
    • Barí (or Barira, Motilon, Motilón, Motilone, Dobocubi, Dobocubí, Dobokubí, Cunausaya) [mot]
    • Chibcha-Duit languages
    • Tunebo (or U’w Cuwa, U’w Kuwa, U’wa, Uwa, Cobaría, Pedraza, Sínsiga, Tegría, Tame) languages
      • Angosturas Tunebo [tnd]
      • Barro Negro Tunebo [tbn]
      • Central Tunebo [tuf]
      • Western Tunebo (or Agua Blanca, Aguas Blancas) [tnb]

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

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Chukotkan languages
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  • Chukchi [ckt]
    • Chaun
    • Enmylinskij
    • Enurmin
    • Nunligranskij
    • Pevekskij
    • Uellanskij
    • Xatyrskij
    • Yanrakinot
  • Koryakic languages
    • Alyutor [alr]
      • Alutorskij
      • Karaginskij
      • Palanskij
    • Kerek [krk]
      • Khatyrka
      • Mainypilgino
      • Majngapilgino
      • Xatyrka (Southern Kerek)
    • Koryak [kpy]
      • Apuka
      • Cavcuvenskij
      • Itkan
      • Kamen
      • Paren (Koryak)
Kamchatkan languages
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  • Northeast Itelmen (or Northeast Kamchadal) (†) [?]
    • East Itelmen
    • Uka
  • South Itelmen (or South Kamchadal) (†) [?]
  • West Itelmen (or West Kamchadal) [itl]
    • Sedanka
    • Xajrjuzovskij

Dravidian languages

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Northern Dravidian languages
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  • Brahui [brh]
    • Jharawan
    • Kalat
    • Sarawan
  • Kurux-Malto languages
    • Kurux (or Kurukh) languages
      • Nepali Kurux (or Dhangar) [kxl]
      • Oraon-Kisan Kurukh languages
        • Kisan (Dravidian) (or Kisan Kurukh) [xis]
        • Kurukh (or Oraon, Uranw, Oraon Kurukh) [kru]
    • Malto (or Paharia) languages
      • Kumarbhag Paharia [kmj]
      • Sauria Paharia [mjt]
        • Godda
        • Hiranpur
        • Litipara
        • Sahibganj
Central Dravidian languages
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  • Parji-Ollari-Gadaba languages
    • Mudhili Gadaba [gau]
    • Pottangi Ollar Gadaba [gdb]
    • Duruwa [pci]
      • Dharba
      • Kukanar
      • Nethanar
      • Tiriya
  • Kolami-Naiki languages
    • Northwestern Kolami [kfb]
      • Madka-Kinwat
      • Maregaon
      • Pulgaon
      • Wani
    • Southeastern Kolami [nit]
      • Asifabad
      • Metla-Kinwat
      • Naiki
      • Utnur
Tulu-Koraga languages:
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  • Tulu-Bellari languages
    • Bellari [brw]
    • Kudiya [kfg]
    • Tulu [tcy]
  • Koraga languages
    • Mudu Koraga [vmd]
    • Korra Koraga [kfd]
      • Ande
      • Mudu
      • Onti
      • Tappu
Tamil-Kota languages:
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  • Kota (India) [kfe]
    • Ko Bashai
  • Tamil-Toda languages
    • Toda [tcx]
    • Tamil-Irula languages
      • Tamil-Kodagu languages
        • Kodava [kfa]
        • Urali of Idukki [url]
        • Tamil-Malayalam languages
      • Irula-Muduga languages
        • Muduga-Palu languages
          • Attapady Kurumba [pkr]
          • Muduga [udg]
        • Irula of the Nilgiri [iru]
          • Urali Irula
          • North-South Irula
            • Kasaba
            • South Irula
              • Mele Nadu Irula
              • Vette Kada Irula
Malayalamoid languages:
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  • Allar [all]
  • Aranadan [aaf]
  • Kadar [kej]
  • Kanikkaran [kev]
  • Kurichiya [kfh]
  • Malaryan (†) [mjq]
  • Mullu Kurumba [kpb]
  • Thachanadan [thn]
  • Ullatan (†) [ull]
  • Vishavan [vis]
  • Wayanad Chetti [ctt]
  • Malankuravan [mjo]
    • Malayadiars
  • Malavedan [mjr]
    • Vetan
    • Vettuvan
  • Kalanadic languages
    • Kalanadi [wkl]
    • Kunduvadi [mku]
    • Pathiya [pty]
  • Ravulic languages
    • Paniya [pcg]
    • Ravula [yue]
    • Adiya
    • Pani Yerava
    • Panjiri Yerava
  • Malayalam [ml]
    • Central Kerala
    • Jewish Malayalam
    • Kayavar
    • Malabar
    • Moplah
    • Nagari-Malayalam
    • Namboodiri
    • Nasrani
    • Nayar
    • North Kerala
    • Nuclear Malayalam
    • Pulaya
    • South Kerala
Tamiloid languages:
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  • Mala Malasar [ima]
  • Malapandaram [mjp]
  • Old Tamil (†) [oty]
  • Malasa-Eravallan languages
    • Eravallan [era]
    • Malasar [ymr]
  • Muthuvan-Mannan languages
    • Mannan [mjv]
    • Muthuvan [muv]
      • Eastern Muthuvan
      • Western Muthuvan
  • Yerukula-Korava-Kaikadi languages
    • Kaikadi [kep]
    • Yerukula [yeu]
      • Parikala
      • Sankara-Yerukala
  • Tamil-Paliyan languages
    • Paliyan [pcf]
      • Mala Pulayan
    • Tamil [ta]
      • Adi Dravida
      • Aiyangar
      • Aiyar
      • Arava
      • Burgandi
      • Burma Tamil
      • Harijan
      • Hebbar
      • Kongar
      • Madrasi
      • Malaya Tamil
      • Mandyam Brahmin
      • Nuclear Tamil
      • Pattapu Bhasha
      • Sanketi
      • Secunderabad Brahmin
      • South Africa Tamil
      • Sri Lanka Tamil
      • Tigalu
Badaga-Kannada languages:
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  • Badaga [bfq]
  • Kannadoid languages
    • Alu Kurumba [xua]
    • Betta Kurumba [xub]
    • Holiya [hoy]
    • Jennu Kurumba [xuj]
    • Sholaga [sle]
    • Nuclear Kannaoid languages
      • Old Kannada (†) [qkn]
      • Kannada [kn]
        • Aine Kuruba
        • Bijapur
        • Jeinu Kuruba
Konda-Kui languages:
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  • Konda-Dora [kfc]
    • Kubi (India)
    • Nuclear Konda-Dora
    • Manda-Pengo languages
      • Manda (India) [mha]
      • Pengo [peg]
        • Awe
        • Indi
  • Manda-Kui languages
    • Kui-Kuvi languages
      • Kuvi [kxv]
      • Kui (India) [kxu]
        • Gumsai
        • Khondi
Teluguic languages:
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  • Chenchu [cde]
  • Manna-Dora [mju]
  • Mukha-Dora [mmk]
  • Waddar [wbq]
  • Old Telugu (†)
  • Telugu [te]
    • Berad
    • Dasaru
    • Dommara
    • East Godaweri
    • Golari
    • Guntur
    • Kamathi
    • Komtao
    • Nellore
    • Rayalseema
    • Salewari
    • Srikakula
    • Telangana
    • Vadaga
    • Vadari
    • Vishakhapatnam
    • Yanadi
Northwest Gondi languages:
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  • Southern Gondi [ggo]
    • Aheri
    • Bhamragarh
    • Etapally Gondi
    • Nirmal
    • Rajura
    • Sironcha
    • Utnoor
  • Northern Gondi [gno]
    • Amravati
    • Betul
    • Bhandara
    • Chhindwara
    • Mandla (Dravidian)
    • Nagpur
    • Seoni
    • Yavatmal
Southeast Gondi languages:
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  • Maria (India) [mrr]
    • Abujmaria
    • Adewada
    • Bhamani Maria
    • Etapally Maria
  • General Southeast Gondi languages
    • Muria languages
      • Far Western Muria [fmu]
      • Eastern Muria [emu]
        • Lanjoda
        • Raigarh
      • Western Muria [mut]
        • Banchapai
        • Dhanora
        • Sonapal
    • South Bastar Gondi-Koya languages
      • Dandami Maria [daq]
        • Geedam
        • Sukma
      • Koya [kff]
        • Dorli
        • Jaganathapuram Koya
        • Malakanagiri Koya
        • Podia Koya

Eskimo-Aleut languages

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Yupik languages:
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  • Naukan Yupik (or Chaplino-Naukan, East Cape Yupik) [ynk]
  • Alaskan Yupik languages
    • Central Siberian Yupik (or Yoit, Yuk, St. Lawrence Island Yupik) [ess]
    • Central Alaskan Yupik (or Yup’ik) [esu]
      • General Central Yup’ik
      • Hooper Bay-Chevak
      • Nunivak
      • Unaliq
    • Pacific Gulf Yupik [ems]
      • Chugach
      • Koniag
Inuit languages:
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  • Inupiaq (or Alaskan Inupiatun) [ik] macrolanguage
    • North Alaskan Inupiatun [esi]
      • North Slope Inupiatun
      • Malimiutun
        • Kobuk River Inupiatun
        • Kotzebue Sound Inupiatun
    • Seward Alaska Inupiatun [esk]
      • Bering Strait Inupiatun
      • Qawiaraq Inupiatun
  • Inuktitut [iu] macrolanguage (see below)
  • Greenlandic Inuit [kl] macrolanguage
    • Kalaallisut (or Western Greenlandic) [kal]
    • Tunumiisiut (or Eastern Greenlandic) [?]
      • Ammassalimiut (or Ammassalik)
Inuktitut [iu] macrolanguage:
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  • Inuvialuktun (or Western Canadian Inuktitut) [ikt]
    • Inuinnaqtun
      • Kangiryuarmiutun
      • Coppermine
      • Bathurst
      • Cambridge
    • Kivallirmiutut (or Kivalliq or Caribou)
    • Natsilingmiutut (or Netsilik)
      • Natsilik proper
      • Arviligjuaq
      • Utkuhiksalik
    • Siglitun
  • Eastern Canadian Inuktitut [ike]
    • Aivilik (or Aivilingmiutut, Aivilimmiutut, Aivillirmiut, Kangiqłniq)
    • Kivalliq
    • Quebec-Labrador Inuktitut (or Atlantic Inuktitut)
      • Nunavik (or North Quebec Inuktitut)
      • Nunatsiavut (or Innuttitut, Nunatsiavummiutut, or Labradorimiutut)
        • North Labrador Eskimo
        • Rigolet Inuktitut
    • Baffin Inuktitut
      • East Baffin Inuktitut
      • South Baffin Inuktitut (or Qikiqtaaluk Nigiani)
      • North Baffin Inuktitut (sometimes considered instead part of Inuvialuktun above)
        • Iglulingmiut
        • Polar Eskimo (also in Western Greenland)
        • Tununitmiut

Indo-European languages

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Albanian languages:
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Anatolian languages (†)
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  • Hittite (†)
  • Lydian (†)
  • Palaic (†)
  • Sidetic (†)
  • Luvic languages (†)
    • Pisidian (†)
    • Carian (†)
    • Luvian languages (†)
      • Cuneiform Luwian (†)
      • Hieroglyphic Luwian (†)
    • Lycian-Milyan languages (†)
      • Lycian A (†)
      • Milyan (†)
Armenian (or Armenic) languages:
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  • Classical Armenian (†)
  • Eastern-Western Armenian languages
    • Armenian [hy]
      • Khoy-Maragha
      • Agulis-Meghri
        • Agulis
        • Meghri
      • Ararat
        • Ashkharik
        • Astrakhan Armenian
        • Bayazet
        • Djugha
        • Erevan
        • Ardvin-Tbilisi
          • Artvin
          • Tbilisi
      • Gharabagh-Shamakhi
        • Aresh-Havarik
        • Burdur
        • Dzhulfa (Azerbaijan)
        • Gharabagh
        • Jolfâ (Iran)
        • Kazakh-Kirovabad
        • Krzen
        • Mehtishen
        • Shamakhi (Armenian)
    • Western Armenian [hyw]
      • Artial
      • Artialic
      • Bolu (Armenian)
      • Stanoz
      • Yozgat
      • Antioch
        • Beylan
        • Kesab-Svedia
      • Hamshenic
        • Edesa Armenian
        • Hamshen
      • Kilikien
        • Hajin
        • Marash-Zeytun
      • Vanic
        • Diadin
        • Van
      • Mush-Tigranakert
        • Mush
        • Sasun
        • Talverik-Motkan
        • Tigranakert
      • Asia Minor
        • Akn
        • Arabkir
        • Aslanbeck
        • Ayntab
        • Constantinople Armenian
        • Crimea-Nor-Nakhichevan
        • Eudokia
        • Karin
        • Kesaria
        • Kessab-Latakia-Jisr-al-Shughur
        • Kharberd-Erznkad
        • Kyurin
        • Malatya
        • Marzvan-Amasia
        • North Komedia
        • Rodosto
        • Sebastia
        • Shapin-Karahisar
        • Sivrihisar
        • Smyrna Armenian
        • Syolyoz
        • Trabzon
Balto-Slavic languages:
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  • Old Prussian (†) [prg]
  • Eastern Baltic languages
    • Semigallian (or Old Semigallian) (†) [xzm]
    • Selonian (or Old Selonian) (†) [sxl]
    • Latvian (or Lettish) [lv] macrolanguage
      • Livonian Latvian
        • Courland Livonian Latvian (or Tamian, Western Livonian)
        • Vidzeme Livonian (or Eastern Livonian)
      • Middle Latvian
        • Curonian (or Kursenieki)
        • Standard Latvian (or Semigallian Latvian, Zemgalian Latvian)
        • Vidzeme Middle Latvian
      • Upper Latvian
    • Lithuanian [lt] macrolanguage
      • Old Lithuanian (†)
      • Standard Lithuanian
      • Aukshtaitish
        • Dzukish
        • East Aukštaitian
        • Suvalkietiskai
      • Samogitian [sgs]
        • North Samogitian
        • South Samogitian
        • West Samogitian
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East Slavic languages:
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  • Old Russian (or Old East Slavic, Vladimir-Suzdal) (†) [orv]
  • Belarusian [be]
  • Ukrainian-Rusyn languages
    • Rusyn [rue]
      • Lemko
    • Ukrainian [uk]
      • East Ukrainian
      • Northwest Ukrainian
      • Southwest Ukrainian
  • Russian [ru]
    • Central Russian
    • Ninilchik
    • North Russian
    • South Russian
      • Doukhobor
      • Lipovan
      • Molokan
      • Nuclear South Russian
West Slavic languages:
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Eastern South Slavic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Church Slavic (or Old Church Slavonic, Old Bulgarian) (†) [cu]
  • Macedo-Bulgarian languages
    • Macedonian [mk]
      • Western Macedonian
        • Central Western Macedonian
        • Western and Northwestern Macedonian
      • Eastern and Southern Macedonian
        • Eastern Macedonian
        • Southeastern Macedonian
        • Southwestern Macedonian
      • Northern Macedonian
        • Western Northern Macedonian
          • Gora (Serbian-Macedonian)
          • Skopska Crna Gora
          • Tetovo
        • Eastern Northern Macedonian
          • Kratovo
          • Kriva Palanka
          • Kumanovo
          • Ovce Pole
    • Bulgarian [bg]
      • Anatolian Bulgarian
      • Western Bulgarian
        • Northwestern Bulgarian
        • Pirin-Malashevo
        • Southwestern Bulgarian
        • Transitional Bulgarian
      • Eastern Bulgarian
        • Bassarabian Bulgarian
        • Moesian
        • Transylvanian Bulgarian
        • Wallachian Bulgarian
        • Balkan Bulgarian
          • Central Balkan Bulgarian
          • Eastern Balkan Bulgarian
          • Western Balkan Bulgarian
        • Rup
          • Central Rup
          • Pomak
          • Western Rup
          • Eastern Rup
            • Banat Bulgarian
            • Paulician
Western South Slavic languages:
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Celtic languages:
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  • Celtiberian (or Hispano-Celtic) (†) [xce]
  • Nuclear Celtic languages
    • Galatian (†) [xga]
    • Noric (†) [nrc]
    • Cisalpine Celtic languages
      • Cisalpine Gaulish (†) [xcg]
      • Lepontic (†) [xlp]
    • TGB Celtic languages
      • Transalpine Gaulish (†) [xtg] (disabled)
      • Insular Celtic languages
        • Brythonic languages
          • Old Breton (or Old Brythonic) (†) [?]
          • Old-Modern Welsh languages
            • Old-Middle Welsh (†) [owl]
              • Middle Welsh (†)
              • Old Welsh (†)
            • Welsh [cy]
              • Northern Welsh
              • Patagonian Welsh
              • Southern Welsh
          • Southwestern Brythonic languages
            • Breton [br]
              • Middle Breton (†)
              • Cornouaillais
              • Léonais
              • Trégorrois
              • Vannetais
            • Cornish [kw]
              • Old Cornish (†)
              • Modern Cornish
        • Goidelic languages
Germanic languages:
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<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • West Scandinavian languages
  • South Scandinavian languages
    • Jutish (or Jutlandic) [jut]
    • East Danish [?]
      • Blekingska
      • Bornholmska
      • Halländska
      • Skånska
    • Nuclear Danish languages
      • Traveller Danish (†) [rmd]
      • Danish [da]
        • Old Danish (†)
        • Southern Islands Danish
        • Southern Funen Islands
        • Eastern Funen
        • Western Funen
        • Southern Zealand
        • Eastern Zealand
        • Western Zealand
  • North Scandinavian languages
    • Archaic Gutnish (or Gotlandic, Gutamal, Gutnic, Gutniska) [?]
      • Färömål
      • Laumål
    • Narrow North Scandinavian languages
      • Archaic Norrlandic [?]
      • Jamtska (or Jamska, Jamtish, Jamtlandic) [?]
    • East-Central Swedic languages
      • East Swedic languages
        • Estonian Swedish [?]
        • Archaic Finnish Swedish (or Finland Swedish) [?]
          • Åland Islands Swedish
          • Nyland Swedish
          • Österbotten
          • Southwest Finland Swedish
        • Swedish [sv]
          • Old Swedish (†)
          • Götamål
          • Sveamål (or Svea)
          • Standard Swedish
      • Dalecarlian [?]
        • Västerdalarna
          • Övre Västerdalmål
            • Lima (Västerdalmål)
            • Malung
            • Transtrand
          • Nedre Västerdalmål
            • Äppelbo
            • Floda
            • Järna
            • Nås
        • Österdalarna
          • Nedansiljan
            • Ål
            • Bingsjö
            • Bjursås
            • Boda
            • Djura
            • Gagnef
            • Leksand
            • Mockfjärd
            • Rättvik
          • Ovansiljan
            • Elfdalian
              • Åsen
              • Blyberg
              • Evetsberg
            • Orsamål
              • Hansjö
              • Skattungbyn
              • Våmhus
            • Moramål
              • Bonäs
              • Färnäs
              • Norra Venjan
              • Ore
              • Östnor
              • Södra Venjan
              • Sollerömål
              • Vika
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  • Altsächsisch (or Old-Saxonic) languages
    • Old Saxon (or Altniederdeutsch) (†) [osx]
    • Middle-Modern Low German languages
      • Middle Low German (or Middle Saxon, Mittelniederdeutsch, Hanseatic Lingua Franca) (†) [gml]
      • Low German languages (see below)
  • Anglo-Frisian languages
    • Frisian languages (see below)
    • Macro-Dutch (or Low Saxon-Low Franconian) languages
      • Old Dutch-Old Frankish (†) [odt]
        • Old Dutch (†)
        • Old Frankish (or Old Franconian) (†)
      • Middle-Modern Dutch languages
        • Middle Dutch (†) [dum]
        • Low Franconian (or Modern Dutch) languages (see below)
    • Anglic languages
Low German languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Greater East Low German languages
    • Plautdietsch [pdt]
    • Low Saxon (or Eastern Low German) [nds]
      • Mittelpommersch (or East Pomeranian)
      • Niederprussisch (or Low East Prussian)
      • Märkisch (or Brandenburgish, Brandenburger, Brandenburgian)
        • Mittelmärkisch
        • Nordmärkisch
        • Südmärkisch
      • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (or Mecklenburgian-West Pomeranian)
        • Mecklenburgish (or Mecklenburgish, Mecklenburger, Mecklenburgian)
        • Strelitzsch
        • Voorpommerisch (or West Pomeranian, or Anterior Pomeranian)
  • West Low German languages
    • Eastphalian [?]
      • Elbeostfälisch (or Elbe Eastphalian)
      • Göttingen-Grubenhagensch
      • Heideostfälisch (or Heide Eastphalian)
      • Kernostfälisch (or Kern Eastphalian)
    • Westphalic (or Westphalian, Westphalien, Westfaelisch, Westfälisch, Neuniederdeutsch, New Low German) [wep] (disabled)
      • Ostwestfalisch (or East Westphalian)
      • Südwestfalisch (or South Westphalian)
      • Münsterlandisch (or Munsterlandish)
      • Westmünsterlandisch (or West Munsterlandish)
      • Urkers
      • Achterhoeks (or Achterhoek, Aachterhoeks) [act]
      • Sallands (or Salland, Sallan) [sdz]
      • Stellingwerfs (or Stellingwarfs ) [sdl]
      • Twents (or Tweants, Twente) [twd]
      • Drents (or Drèents, Drente) [drt]
        • North Drente
        • South Drente
      • Veluws (or Veluwe) [vel]
        • East Veluws
        • North Veluws
    • North Low Saxon languages
      • German Northern Low Saxon [frs]
        • Dithmarsch
        • East Frisian Low Saxon (or Eastern Frisian, Ostfriesisch, Saterlandic Frisian, Seeltersk Frisian)
        • Emsländisch
        • North Hanoveranian
        • Oldenburgisch
        • Schleswigsch (or Schleswig Low Saxon)
        • Holsteinisch (or Holstein Low Saxon)
      • Gronings (or Groningen, Grunnings) [gos]
        • Groningen-East Frisian (or Gronings-Oostfries)
        • West Groningen (or West Gronings)
        • Westerwolds (or Westerwold)
        • Veenkoloniaals (or Veen Colony Gronings)
Low Franconian (or Modern Dutch) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Southwestern Dutch languages
    • Western Flemish (or West-Vlams) [vls]
      • Frans-Westhoek Vlaams
        • Frans Vlaams (or French Flemish)
        • Westhoek Vlaams (or Vlaemsch, Westhoek Flemish)
      • Westvlaams
        • Continental West Flemish
        • Northern Maritime West Flemish
        • Western Maritime West Flemish
    • Zeelandic (or Zeeuws) [zea]
      • Axels
      • Bevelands
      • Duvelands
      • Flakkees
      • Fluplands
      • Goerees
      • Kezands
      • Schouws
      • Walchers
  • Global Dutch languages
    • Javindo (or Krontjong) [jvd]
    • Petjo (or Petjoh, Criollo Petjo, Pecok, Pecok Creole) [pey]
    • Afrikaansic languages
    • Dutch Caribbean Creole languages (†)
      • Berbice Creole Dutch (†)
      • Negerhollands (†)
      • Skepi Creole Dutch (or Skepi) (†) [skw]
        • Essequibo (†)
    • Dutch [nl]
      • North Hollandish
      • Central Southern Dutch
        • Antwerps
        • Brabants
        • Oost-Vlaams
      • Central Northern Dutch
        • South Guelderish
        • Utrechts
        • South Hollandish
          • Bildts
          • Nuclear South Hollandish
          • Town Frisian
Frisian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Later-Anglic languages:
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English [en]:
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  • Indian English
  • Maltese English
  • New Zealand English
  • Pakistani English
  • Singlish
  • Sri Lankan English
  • Northern English
    • Lower Northern English
    • Northumberland English
  • Irish English
    • Ulster English
    • Southern Irish English
      • North-West Irish English
      • South-West Irish English
      • West Irish English
      • East Coast Irish English
        • Fingallian
        • Yola
  • North American English
    • New York City English
    • North Central American English
    • Western American English
    • Western Pennsylvania English
    • Eastern New England English
      • Boston English
      • Providence English
    • Canadian English
      • Atlantic Provinces English
      • Northern Canadian English
      • Southern Canadian English
    • Northern North American English
      • Inland North English
      • St. Louis Corridor English
      • Western New England English
    • Southeast American English
      • Florida English
      • Mid-Atlantic American English
      • Midland American English
        • Cincinnati English
        • St. Louis English
      • Southern American English
        • American Inland South English
        • Charleston English
        • Texas South English
  • South-Central English
    • Central English
      • Western Central English
        • Lancashire English
        • Staffordshire English
      • Eastern Central English
        • Leicestershire English
        • Lincolnshire English
        • South Yorkshire English
    • Southern English
      • Southeastern English
        • Eastern Counties Southeastern English
        • Central-East Southeastern English
          • Essex
          • Northamptonshire-Cambridgeshire
      • Southwestern English
        • Eastern Southwestern English
        • Mid-South Welsh English
        • Northern Southwestern English
        • North-West Welsh English
        • Welsh English
        • Southeastern Southwestern English
          • Berkshire
          • Lower Southeastern Southwestern English
            • Kent-Surrey
            • Sussex
        • Western Southwestern English
          • Channel Islands English
          • Dorset-Somerset
          • Wiltshire-Hampshire
          • East Cornwall-Devon
            • Devon
            • East Cornwall
Guinea Coast Creole English:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Surinamese Creole English languages
    • Saramaccan [srm]
      • Matawai
      • Nuclear Saramaccan
    • Eastern Maroons languages
      • Sranan Tongo [srn]
      • Ndyuka (or Ndjuká, Ndjuka, Njuká, Djuka, Djoeka, Djoe-Tongo) languages
        • Kwinti [kww]
        • Aukan (or Aukaans, Okanisi) [djk]
          • Aluku
          • Paramaccan
  • West African Creole English languages
  • Caribbean English Creole languages
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Lombardic (†) [?]
  • Middle German languages
    • East Middle German languages (see below)
    • West Middle German languages (or Lower Franconian) (see below)
  • Upper German languages
    • Old High German (ca. 750-1050) (†) [goh]
    • Middle-Modern High German languages
East Middle German languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Central East Middle German [sxu]
    • Nordobersächsisch-Südmärkisch (or Lusatian-New Marchian)
    • High East Prussian
      • Breslauisch
      • Oberländisch
    • Thuringian
      • Central Thuringian
      • East Thuringian
      • Ilm Thuringian
      • Northeast Thuringian
      • North Thuringian
      • Southeast Thuringian
      • West Thuringian
    • Upper Saxon
      • North Upper Saxon
      • South Upper Saxon
  • Schlesisch-Wilmesau languages
  • Yiddish [yi] macrolanguage
    • Western Yiddish [ydh]
      • Midwestern Yiddish
      • Northwestern Yiddish
      • Southwestern Yiddish
    • Eastern Yiddish [ydd]
      • Mideastern Yiddish
        • Lodz Yiddish
        • Poylish (or Polish Yiddish)
        • Western Galician Yiddish
      • Northeastern Yiddish
        • Litvish (or Lithuanian Yiddish)
        • Northern Ukraine Yiddish
      • Southeastern Yiddish
        • Bessarabian Yiddish
        • Ukrainish
West Middle German (or Lower Franconian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Middle Franconian languages
    • Moselle Franconian [ltz]
      • East Moselle Franconian
        • Saarlouis-Koblenz
        • Westerwäldisch
      • Hessian
        • Nordhessisch (or North Hessian)
        • Osthessisch (or East Hessian)
        • Zentralhessisch (or Central Hessian)
      • West Moselle Franconian
        • Trierish
        • Luxemburgic
          • Luxembourgish [lb]
          • Saarburg-Prüm
          • Thionville-Merzig
          • Transylvanian Saxon
    • Ripuarian languages
  • Rhenish Franconian languages
    • Hunsrik [hrx]
    • Palatinate languages
      • Pennsylvania German [pdc]
        • Amish Pennsylvania German
        • Non-Amish Pennsylvania German
      • Palatine German (or Pfaelzisch-Lothringisch) [pfl]
        • Lothringisch (or Lorraine Franconian)
        • Nordpfälzisch (or Northern Franconian)
        • Ostpfälzisch (or Eastern Franconian)
        • Südhessisch (or Southern Hessian)
        • Südreinfränkisch (or South Rhenish Franconian)
        • Vorderpfälzisch (or Vorder Franconian)
        • Westpfälzisch (or Western Franconian)
Upper Franconian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Global German languages
  • Eastern Franconian (or Ostfränkisch) [vmf]
    • Ansbacher-Neustädter-Coburger Franconian (or Ansbachisch-Itzgründisch)
      • Ansbacher Franconian (or Ansbachisch)
      • Neustädter-Coburger Franconian (or Itzgründisch)
    • Lower East Franconian (or Unterostfränkisch)
      • Henneberg Franconian (or Hennebergisch)
      • Mid-North Lower East Franconian (or Grabfeldisch)
      • Southwest Lower East Franconian (or Unterfränkisch)
      • Würzburger Franconian
    • Upper East Franconian (or Oberostfränkisch)
      • Hof-Bayreuther (or Oberfränkisch)
      • Nailaer
      • Obermain
      • Regnitz
      • Vogtlandish (or Vogtländisch)
Alemannic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • North Alemannic languages
    • Colonia Tovar German [gct]
    • Swabian [swg] (disabled)
  • South Alemannic languages
    • Walser [wae]
    • Central Alemannic [gsw]
      • High Alemannic (or Swiss Alemannic) [gsw-CH]
        • Bernese
        • Fribourg German
        • Graubenden-Grisons
        • Liechtensteinisch [gsw-LI]
        • Lower Wallis
        • Luzern German
        • Obwald
        • St. Gallen
        • Vorarlbergisch
        • Zürich German
      • Low Alemannic
        • Alsatian [gsw-FR]
        • Baden-Württemberg Alemannic [gsw-DE]
          • Basel German
          • Lake Constance Alemannic
          • Schwarzwald Low Alemannic
          • Upper-Rhine Alemannic
Bairisch languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bavarian [bar]
    • North Bavarian
    • Central Bavarian
      • Upper Austrian German
      • Viennese German
    • South Bavarian
      • Gottscheerisch
      • Landler
  • Global South Bavarian languages
    • Hutterite German [geh] (disabled)
    • Cimbrian [cim] (disabled)
      • Lusernese Cimbrian
      • Sette Comuni Cimbrian
      • Tredici Communi Cimbrian
    • Mòcheno [mhn]
      • Fierozzo
      • Frassilongo
      • Palú
Hellenic (or Graeco-Phrygian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Phrygian (†) [xpg]
    • Mysian
  • Greek languages
    • Tsakonian [tsd]
      • Northern Tsakonian
      • Propontis Tsakonian
      • Southern Tsakonian
    • Attic (or East Greek) languages
      • Mycenaean Greek (†) [gmy]
      • Ancient Greek (†) [grc]
        • Aeolic (†)
        • Arcadocypriot (†)
        • Attic (†)
        • Doric (†)
        • Ionic (†)
        • Northwestern Ancient Greek (†)
      • Koineic Greek languages
        • Yevanic (†) [yej]
        • Cypriot Greek [?]
        • Apulia-Calabrian Greek [?]
          • Apulian Greek
          • Aspromonte
        • Pontic-Cappadocian Greek languages
          • Pontic [pnt]
          • Cappadocian Greek [cpg]
            • Pharasa
            • Sille
            • Western Cappadocian
        • Nuclear Modern Greek languages
          • Romano-Greek (or Hellenoromani, Romano-Greek, European Romany, Romika) [rge]
          • Modern Greek [el]
            • Dimotiki (or Demotic Greek)
            • Katharevousa
            • Mariupol Greek (or Mariupolitan Greek)
            • Middle Greek
            • Maniot-Cargese Greek
              • Cargese
              • Maniot Greek
            • Northern Greek
              • Epirote
              • Macedonian Greek
              • Rumelian
              • Saracatsan
              • Thracian Greek
            • Southern Greek
              • Constantinople Greek
              • Dodecanese
              • Smyrna Greek
              • Cretan-Cycladian
                • Cretan
                • Cycladian
              • Ionian-Peleponnesian-Attic
                • Athens
                • Ionian Islands
                • Northern Epirus
                • Peloponnese
                • Southern Euboea
                  • Aegina
                  • Megara
Indo-Iranian languages:
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<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Sanskrit [sa]
  • Southern Indo-Aryan languages (see below)
  • Northern Indo-Aryan (or Pahari) languages (see below)
  • Bihari languages (see below)
  • Eastern Indo-Aryan (or Nagari) languages (see below)
  • Central Indo-Aryan languages (see below)
  • Northwestern Indo-Aryan languages
    • Paisaci Prakrit (or Prakrit) (†) [qpp]
    • Dardic (or Dardu) languages (see below)
    • Sindhi-Lahnda languages (see below)
  • Chinali-Lahul Lohar languages
    • Chinali (or Chinal, Channali, Chana, Shipi, Dagi, Harijan) [cih]
    • Lahul Lohar (or Lohar, Garas) [lhl]
  • Sinhalese-Maldivian languages
Southern Indo-Aryan languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Maharastri Prakrit [pmh]
  • Konkani languages
    • Goan Konkani [gom]
      • Bardeskari
      • Chitpavani
      • Daldi
      • Gawdi of Goa
      • Kudali
      • Mangalore
      • Sarasvat Brahmin
      • Standard Konkani
    • Maharashtrian Konkani [knn]
      • Agari of Kolaba
      • Bhandari
      • Dhanagari
      • Ghati
      • Karhadi
      • Kiristav
      • Koli (Konkani)
      • Mahari (Konkani)
      • Parabhi
      • Sangamesvari
      • Thakuri
  • Marathic languages
    • Old Marathi (†) [omr]
    • Andh (or Andha, Andhi) [anr]
    • Phudagi (or Vadval) [phd]
    • Samvedi [smv]
    • Katkari (or Katakari, Katari, Katvadi, Kathodi) [kfu]
      • Central Katkari
      • Northern Katkari
      • Southern Katkari
    • Varli [vav]
      • Davari
      • Eastern Nihiri
      • Western Nihiri
    • Marathi [mr]
      • Cochin
      • Kasargod
      • Kosti (Marathi)
      • Kudali (Marathi)
      • Nagpuri Marati
    • Berar-Deccan Marathi languages
      • Deccan (or Deccan Marathi, Deccani, Dekini, Desi) [dcc]
        • Bijapuri
        • Kalvadi
      • Varhadi-Nagpuri (or Berar Marathi, Berari, Dhanagari, Kumbhari, Madhya Pradesh Marathi) [vah]
        • Brahmani
        • Govari
        • Jhadpi
        • Katia
        • Kosti
        • Kunban
        • Kunbi
        • Mahari
        • Marheti
        • Natakani
        • Raipur
Northern Indo-Aryan (or Pahari) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Central Pahari languages
    • Kumaoni (or Kumaon, Kamaoni, Kumauni, Cumauní, Kumaun, Kumau, Kumawani, Kumman, Kunayaoni, Kumgoni, Kumaiya Pachhai, Pashchimi, Phaldakotiya, Bhabari of Rampur, Rau-Chaubhaisi, Chaugarkhiya, Johari, Khasparjiya, Sirali, Soriyali, Askoti, Danpuriya, Gangola) [kfy]
      • Central Kumauni
      • Northeastern Kumauni
      • Southeastern Kumauni
      • Western Kumauni
    • Garhwali (or Pahari Garhwali, Bhōṭiā of Garhwal, Garhwali, Garhwal, Gashwali, Gadhavali, Gadhawala, Gadwahi, Godauli, Gorwali, Gurvali, Girwali) [gbm]
      • Badhani
      • Bangani
      • Bhattiani
      • Chandpuri
      • Dessaulya
      • Gangadi
      • Jaunpuri
      • Lohbya
      • Majh-Kumaiya
      • Nagpuriya
      • Parvati
      • Rathi
      • Ravai
      • Salani
      • Srinagaria
      • Tehri
  • Eastern Pahari languages
    • Palpa (†) [plp]
    • Dotyali [dty]
    • Jumli (or Gorkhali, Khas Kura, Parbatiya) [jml]
      • Assi
      • Chaudhabis
      • Paachsai
      • Sinja
    • Nepali [ne]
      • Acchami
      • Baitadi
      • Bajhangi
      • Bajurali
      • Darjula
      • Doteli
      • Gorkhali
      • Nuclear Nepali
      • Soradi
  • Himachali languages
    • Jaunsari (or Jaunsauri, Jansauri, Janusari) [jns]
    • Mandeali (or Pahari Mandiyali, Mandiali, Mandi) [mjl]
    • Nuclear Himachali (or Western Pahari) languages
      • Hinduri (or Handuri) [hii]
      • Indo-Aryan Kinnauri (or Harijan Kinnauri, Harijan Boli, Ores Boli, Chamang Boli, Sonar Boli) [kjo]
      • Kullu Pahari (or Pahari Kullu, Phari Kulu) [kfx]
        • Inner Siraji
        • Kullui (or Kulu Boli, Kullui, Kului, Kulvi, Kulwali, Kauli)
      • Mahasu Pahari (or Mahasui, Baghati-Siraji) [bfz]
        • Lower Mahasu Pahari
          • Baghati
          • Baghliani
          • Kiunthali
        • Upper Mahasu Pahari (or Siraji)
          • Outer Siraji
          • Rampuri
          • Rohruri
          • Shimla Siraji
          • Sodochi
      • Sirmauri (or Sirmouri, Sirmuri) [srx]
        • Dharthi
        • Giripari
    • Kangric-Chamealic-Bhattiyali languages
      • Kangri-Dogri (or Dogri-Kangri) languages
        • Kangri (or Pahari Kangri) [xnr]
          • Hamirpuri
          • Palampuri
        • Dogri (or Hindi Dogri, Dogri Jammu, Dogri Pahari, Dogari, Dongari, Dhogaryali, Tokkaru) [dgo]
          • Bhatbali
          • East Dogri
          • Kandiali
          • North Dogri
          • Nuclear Dogri
      • Chamealic languages
        • Bhattiyali (or Bhatiyali, Bhatiali Pahari, Bhateali) [bht]
        • Bilaspuri (or Bilaspuri Pahari, Kehloori Pahari, Kahluri, Kehluri, Pacchmi) [kfs]
        • Pangwali (or Pangwali Pahari, Pangvali, Pangi, Satlaj) [pgg]
        • Chambeali (or Chambiali, Chambiyali, Chamiyali Pahari, Chameali, Cameali, Chamaya, Chamya) [cdh]
          • Bansbali
          • Bansyari
          • Gadi Chameali
        • Gaddi (or Gadi, Gadiali, Gaddyali, Bharmauri, Bharmauri Bhadi, Pahari Bharmauri, Panchi Brahmauri Rajput) [gbk]
          • Bharmauri
          • Macleod Ganj
        • Bhadrawahi-Bhalesi-Curahi languages
          • Churahi (or Churahi Pahari, Churai Pahari, Chaurahi) [cdj]
          • Bhadrawahi (or Bradrawah, Bhadravahi, Bhadrava, Bhaderbhai Jamu, Bhaderwali Pahari, Baderwali, Bhadri, Badrohi, Bahi) [bhd]
            • Bhalesi
            • Padar
            • Padari
Bihari languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bihari macrolanguage [bh] (disabled)
  • Kumhali (or Kumkale) [kra]
  • Kuswaric languages
    • Bote-Majhi [bmj]
    • Darai [dry]
    • Dewas-Done Danuwar (or Western Danwhar) [dwz]
      • Dewas Rai
      • Done Danuwar
    • Kochariya-East Danuwar [dhw]
      • East Danuwar
      • Kochariya
  • Maithili-Magahi languages
    • Eastern Magahi languages
    • Maithilic languages
      • Angika [anp]
      • Maithili [mai]
        • Bantar
        • Barei
        • Barmeli
        • Dehati
        • Jolaha
        • Kawar
        • Kisan
        • Kyabrat
        • Standard Maithili
        • Southern Standard Maithili
        • Central Colloquial Maithili
        • Eastern Maithili
        • Western Maithili
        • Makrana
        • Musar (Maithili)
        • Sadri (Maithili)
        • Tati
  • Pali [pi]
    • Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit
    • Magadhan Pali
  • Tharuic languages
    • Buksa [tkb]
    • Majhi [mjz]
    • Rana Tharu [thr]
    • Eastern Tharu languages
      • Chitwania Tharu [the]
      • Kathoriya Tharu [tkt]
      • Dangaura-Khuna-Sonaha languages
        • Sonha [soi]
        • Dangaura Tharu [thl] (disabled)
          • Banke
          • Bardiya
          • Dang
          • Deokhuri
          • Kailali
          • Kanchanpur
          • Surkhet
      • Kochila Tharu [thq]
        • Dhanusa
        • Mahottari
        • Morangia
        • Morangiya
        • Saptari
        • Sarlahi
        • Siraha
        • Sunsari (Nepal)
        • Udayapur
    • Musasa (or Musahar, Rishaidep) [smm]
      • Bantar (Nepal)
  • Western Magadhan languages
    • Bhojpuric languages
      • Bhojpuri [bho]
        • Bhojpuri Tharu
        • Bojpury
        • Domra
        • Madhesi
        • Mauritian Bhojpuri
        • Musahari
        • Southern Standard Bhojpuri
        • Teli
        • Tharu (Bhojpuri)
        • Northern Standard Bhojpuri
          • Basti
          • Gorakhpuri
          • Sarawaria
        • Western Standard Bhojpuri
          • Benarsi
          • Purbi
      • Caribbean Hindustani [hns]
        • Sarnami Hindustani
        • Trinidad Bhojpuri
    • Sadani languages
      • Oraon Sadri [sdr]
        • Borail Sadri
        • Mokkan Tila Sadri
        • Nurpur Sadri
        • Uchai Sadri
      • Sadri [sck]
        • Common Sadri
        • Lower Sadri
Eastern Indo-Aryan (or Nagari) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Halbic languages
    • Bhatri (or Bhattri, Bhattra, Bhatra, Basturia, Bhottada, Bhottara) [bgw]
    • Bhunjia (or Bunjia, Bhunjiya, Bhumjiya, Bunija) [bhu]
    • Kamar [keq]
    • Nahari (or Nahali) [nhh]
    • Halbi (or Halvi, Halvas, Halba, Halabi, Mahari, Mehari, Bastari) [hlb]
      • Adkuri
      • Bastari
      • Bhunjia (Halbi)
      • Chandari
      • Gachikolo
      • Kawari
      • Mehari
      • Muri
      • Sundi
  • Oriya-Gauda-Kamrupa languages
    • Gauda-Kamrupa (or Bengali-Assamese, Kamta) languages (see below)
    • Macro-Oriya languages
      • Bodo Parja (or Jhodia Parja, Parja, Sodia Parja, Bodo Paraja, Paroja, Poroja, Parajhi, Parjhi, Parji, Jhaliya, Jharia, Harja) [bdv]
      • Reli (or Relli) [rei]
      • Southern Oriya languages
        • Kotia-Adivasi Oriya-Desiya (or Kotiya, Kotia Oriya, Adivasi Oriya, Adiwasi Oriya, Desiya, Tribal Oriya) [ort]
        • Kupia (or Valmiki) [key]
      • Odia (or Oriya) macrolanguage [or]
        • Sambalpuri (or Kosli) [spv]
        • Proper Odia (or Proper Oriya) [ory]
          • Halbi (Nuclear Oriya)
          • Midnapore Oriya
          • Mughalbandi
          • North Balasore Oriya
          • Northwestern Oriya
          • Southern Oriya
          • Western Oriya
Gauda-Kamrupa (or Bengali-Assamese, Kamta):
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  • Kamrupa languages
  • Gauda-Banga languages
    • Kharia Thar [ksy]
    • Lodhi (or Lodi, Lohi, Lozi, Lodha) [lbm]
    • Mar Paharia of Dumka (Marpaharia, Mar, Malpaharia, Mal Paharia, Mal Pahariya, Mal Pahoria, Mal, Maler, Malti, Malto, Maltu, Mader, Mad, Mawer Nondi, Mawer, Maw, Mawdo, Manlati, Paharia, Parsi, Dehri) [mkb]
    • Rohingya (Rohinga, Rohinja, Akyab, Arakan) [rhg]
    • Kurmukar (or Kumbhakar, Kumhar, Kumar, Karmakar, Kamar) [kfv]
    • Bishnupriya Manipuri (or Bishnupriya, Bishnupriya Manipuri Creole, Bishnupria Manipuri, Bishnupuriya, Bisna Puriya, Gang) [bpy]
      • Madai Gang
      • Rajar Gang
    • Eastern Bengali languages
      • Hajong (or Haijong, Hazong) [haj]
      • Sylheti (Sylhetti, Sylhetti Bangla, Sylheti Bengali, Sileti, Siloti, Syloti, Syloty, Srihattia, Bengali of Cachar) [syl]
    • Southeastern Bengali languages
      • Chakma (or Chakama, Takam, Tsakma) [ccp]
      • Chittagonian (or Chittagonian Bengali, Chatgaiyan Buli, Chatgaya) [ctg]
      • Tangchangya (or Tanchangya) [tnv]
    • Bengali (or Begali, Bangala, Bangla, Banga-Bhasa) [bn]
      • Bahe
      • Barik
      • Bhatiari
      • Central Bengali
      • Chirmar
      • Ganda (Bengali)
      • Kachari-Bengali
      • Musselmani
      • Rajshahi
      • Samaria
      • Saraki
      • Vanga
      • Northern Bengali
        • Koch (Northern Bengali)
        • Siripuria
Central Indo-Aryan languages:
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  • Romani languages (or European Romany) (see below)
  • Subcontinental Central Indo-Aryan languages (see below)
  • Lomavren (or Arnebuab Bisa, Areminian Romany, Armenian Bosa, Armenian Bosha, Bosa, Bosha) [rmi]
  • Sauraseni Prakrit [psu]
  • Domaaki [dmk]
    • Hunza Domaaki
    • Nager Domaaki
  • Domari (or Nuri, Zutt, Middle-Eastern Romani) [rmt]
    • Barake
    • Beirut
    • Beludji
    • Churi-Wali
    • Domaki
    • Helebi
    • Karachi
    • Koli
    • Kurbat
    • Luli
    • Marashi
    • Maznoug
    • Nablos
    • Nawar
    • Qinati
    • Wogri-Boli
    • Yürük
Romani languages (or European Romany):
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  • Balkan Romani [rmn]
    • Abruzzese-Calabrian-Molisean Romani
    • Crimean Rom
    • Erli of Sofia
    • Prilep-Prizren-Serres
    • Pyrgos-Peloponnese Romani
    • Romacilikanes
    • Romano
    • Rumelian Romani
    • Sepečides
    • Serres-Sechidou Romani
    • Ursári
    • Zargari
    • Arli-Dolenjski
      • Arlija
      • Slovenian-Croatian Romani
    • Drindari–Kalajdži–Bugurdži
      • Bugurdži
      • Drindari
      • Kalajdži
  • Central Romani [rmc]
    • Gurvari
    • North Central Romani
      • Bohemian Romani
      • East Slovakian Romani
      • Galician Romani
      • Moravian Romani
      • West Slovakian Romani
    • South Central Romani
      • Romungro
      • Vend
        • Burgenland Romani
        • Prekmurje Romani
        • Western Hungarian Vend
  • Vlax Romani [rmy]
    • Southeastern Ukraine Vlax
    • Northern Vlax
      • Cerhari
      • Churari
      • Ghagar of Egypt
      • Kalderash
      • Lovari
      • Machvano
    • Southern Vlax
      • Kalpazea-Filipidzía-Xandurja
      • Valachia-Muntenia-Northeastern Bulgaria
        • Sedentary Bulgaria
        • Sedentary Romania
      • Gurbet-Dzambazi
        • North Albanian Vlax
        • Serbo-Bosnian Vlax
        • South Albanian Vlax
        • Xoraxane
  • Northern Romani languages
    • Archaic Angloromani (or Angloromani, English Romani, Romani English, Romanichal, Romanis, Pogadi Chib, Posh 'N' Posh) [rme]
    • Welsh Romani [rmw]
    • Baltic Romani [rml]
      • Chuxny
      • Eastern Latvia-Lithuanian Romani
      • North Russian Romani
      • Polish Romani
      • White Russian Romani
    • Caló (or Iberian Romani) [rmq]
      • Brazilian Calão
      • Catalonian Calo
      • Galician Calo
      • Portuguese Calão
      • Spanish Caló
    • Northwestern Romani languages
      • Kalo Finnish Romani (or Gipsy) [rmf]
        • Kaale
        • Lajenge Roma
      • Scandinavian Romani languages
        • Tavringer Romani (or Svensk Rommani, Traveller Swedish) [rmu]
        • Traveller Norwegian (or Rodi) [rmg]
      • Sinte Romani (or Burgenland Romani) [rmo]
        • Lallere
        • Manouche (or Manuche)
        • Sastike
        • Gadschkene
          • Praistiki
          • Western Gadschkene
            • Eftawagaria
            • Witembergaria
        • Southern Sinti
          • Abbruzzesi
          • Estracharia
          • Piedmont Sintí
          • Lombard-Venetian Sinti
            • Kranaria
            • Krantiki
Subcontinental Central Indo-Aryan languages:
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Eastern Hindi languages:
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  • Awadhi (or Avadhi, Abadi, Abohi, Ambodhi, Baiswari, Kojali, Kosali) [awa]
    • Gangapari
    • Mirzapuri
    • Pardesi
    • Tharu
    • Uttari
  • Bagheli (or Bagelkhandi, Bhugelkhud, Kewani, Kewati, Kevati, Kevat Boli, Kewat, Kewot, Kenat, Kawathi, Mandal, Mannadi, Gangai, Riwai) [bfy]
    • Banapari
    • Gahore
    • Godwani
    • Ojhi
    • Sonpari
    • Tirhari
  • Powari [pwr]
    • Bhoyar Powari
    • Govari of Seoni
    • Khalari
    • Koshti
    • Kumbhari
    • Lodhi (Indo-European)
    • Marari
    • Vyneganga Powari
  • Chhattisgarhi (or Chhatisgarhi, Khaltahi, Khatahi, Laria) [hne]
    • Baigani
    • Bhulia
    • Binjhwari
    • Chhattisgarhi Proper
    • Kalanga (Indo-European)
    • Kavardi
    • Khairagarhi
    • Sadri Korwa
    • Surgujia
Rajasthani languages:
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  • Dhundari (or Dhundari-Marwari, Jaipuri) [dhd] (disabled)
  • Kabutra (or Natra, Nat) [kbu]
  • Merwari (or Ajmeri) [wry] (disabled)
  • Od (or Odki, Oad) [odk]
  • Parya (or Pbharya, Afghana-Yi Nasfurush, Afghana-Yi Siyarui, Laghmani, Asiatic Romany) [paq]
  • Kanjari (Kanjri, Kagari, Kangri, Kangar Bhat) [kft]
    • Kuchbandhi
  • Hadothi (or Hadauti, Hadoti, Piploda) [hoj]
    • Harauti (or Havauti)
    • Sipari
  • Shekhawati (or Shekhawati-Marwari) [swv] (disabled)
    • Jhunjhunu-Churu
    • Sikar
  • Dhatki (or Dhati, Thar) [mki]
    • Barage
    • Central Dhatki
    • Eastern Dhatki
    • Malhi
    • Southern Dhatki
  • Lambadi (or Lamani, Lavani, Lambani, Labhani, Labhani Muka, Lambara, Lamadi, Lemadi, Lumadale, Bangala, Banjara, Banjari, Banjori, Banjuri, Brinjari, Gormati, Gurmarti, Goola, Gohar-Herkeri, Kora, Singali, Sugali, Sukali, Tanda, Vanjari, Wanji) [lmn]
    • Andhra Pradesh Lamani
    • Karnataka Lamani
    • Maharashtra Lamani
  • Bagri-Jandavra languages
    • Bagri (or Bagris, Bahgri, Bagria, Bagari, Baorias) [bgq]
    • Jandavra (or Jhandoria) [jnd]
  • Mewari-Gade Lohar languages
    • Gade Lohar (or Gade-Lohar, Gadia Lohar, Gaduliya Lohar, Gara, Chitodi Lohar, Chittoriya Lohar, Bagri Lohar, Bhubaliya Lohar, Panchal Lohar, Rajput Lohar, Lohari, Lohpitta, Belani, Dhunkuria, Dombiali Domba, Kanwar Khati) [gda]
    • Mewari (or Mewadi) [mtr] (disabled)
      • Gorawati
      • Khairari
      • Sarwari
  • Mewati-Gojri languages
  • Western Rajasthani languages
Western Hindi languages:
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  • Ghera-Gurgula languages
    • Ghera (or Sindhi Ghera, Bara) [ghr]
    • Gurgula (or Marwari Ghera) [ggg]
  • Kanauji (or Kannauji, Braj Kanauji, Bhakha) [bjj]
    • Kanauji Proper
    • Tirhari (Kanauji)
    • Transitional Kanauji
  • Haryanvi (or Haryani, Hariyani, Hariani, Chamarwa, Jati, Jatu) [bgc]
    • Bagdi
    • Bangaru Proper (or Bangaru, Bangru, Bangri, Banger)
    • Deswali (or Desari)
    • Khadar
    • Mewati (Haryanvi)
  • Braj (or Bri, Briju, Bruj) [bra]
    • Braj Bhasha (or Brij Bhasha, Bijbhasha, Braj Bhakha)
    • Antarbedi (or Antarbedi, Antarvedi)
    • Bhuksa
    • Dangi
    • Jadobafi
    • Sikarwari
  • Hindustani languages
    • Andaman Creole Hindi (or Andaman Hindi) [hca]
    • Fiji Hindi [hif]
    • Hindi [hi]
      • Dakhini
      • Literary Hindi
      • Nuclear Hindi
      • Rekhta
    • Urdu [ur]
      • Dakhini (Urdu)
      • Pinjari
  • Bundeli-Bharia languages
    • Bharia (or Bharat, Bhar, Bhumia, Bhumiya, Paliha) [bha]
    • Bundeli (or Bundel Khandi, Bundelkhandi, Bondili) [bns]
      • Aligarh
      • Banaphari
      • Bhadauri
      • Chhatapur
      • Chhindwara Bundeli
      • Gaoli
      • Khatola
      • Kirari
      • Kundri
      • Lodhanti
      • Nagpuri Hindi
      • Nibhatta
      • Pawari
      • Raghobansi
      • Southern Bharatpur
      • Southern Morena
      • Standard Braj of Bulandshahr
      • Standard Braj of Eastern Agra
      • Standard Braj of Mathura
      • Standard Bundeli
      • Tirhari (Bundeli)
      • Western Agra
Gujaratic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Saurashtra [saz]
    • Northern Saurashtra
    • Southern Saurashtra
  • Dubli (or Dubla, Dubala, Rathod, Talavia) [dub]
  • Gujarati [gu]
    • Gamadia
    • Kakari
    • Kathiyawadi
    • Kharwa
    • Standard Gujarati
    • Tarimuki
  • Western Gujaratic languages
    • Vaghri (or Vaghri Koli, Bavri, Salavta) [vgr]
    • Aer [aeq]
      • Jamesabad Aer
      • Jikrio Goth Aer
    • Kachi Koli (or Kuchikoli, Kuchi, Kachi, Kachi Gujarati, Katchi, Kohli, Kolhi, Koli, Kori, Vaghri, Vagari, Vagaria, Bajania) or [gjk]
      • Kachi
      • Kachi Bhil
      • Katai Meghwar
      • Rabari
      • Vagri
      • Zalavaria Koli
    • Wadiyara Koli (or Wadaria, Wadhiara) [kxp]
      • Hasoria Bhil
      • Hasoria Koli
      • Mewasi
      • Nairya Koli
      • Nuclear Wadiyara Koli
      • Rardro Bhil
      • Tharadari Bhil
      • Tharadari Koli
Bhil languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bauria (or Bhoria, Bawaria, Bawari, Baori, Babri, Vaghri, Basria, Badak) [bge]
  • Chodri (or Chaudri, Chodhari, Chaudhari, Choudhary, Chowdhary, Choudhara) [cdi]
  • Dhodia-Kukna (or Dhodia, Dhowari, Dhobi, Dhori, Dhore, Doria) [dho]
  • Dungra Bhil [duh]
  • Gamit (or Gamith, Gamti, Gamati, Gameti, Gamta, Gavit) [gbl]
  • Palya Bareli (or Palya, Pali Bhil, Palodi, Bareli) [bpx]
  • Rathawi (or Bal-La, Kohelia) [rtw]
  • Vaagri Booli (or Wogri Boli, Haki Piki, Hakkipikkaru, Kuruvikkaran, Karikkorava,Narikkorava, Narakureavar, Guvvalollu, Marattiyan, Rattiyan, Shikarijanam) [vaa]
  • Bhilali (or Bhilala) [bhi]
    • Parya Bhilali
  • Nimadi (or Nimari, Nimiadi, Nemadi) [noe]
    • Bhuani
  • Mawchi (or Mawchi Bhil, Mawachi, Mavchi, Mauchi, Mowchi) [mke]
    • Gamti
    • Nuclear Mawchi
    • Padvi
  • Pardhi (or Chita Pardhi, Lango Pardhi, Phans Pardhi, Paradi, Paria, Paidia, Bahelia) [pcl]
    • Neelishikari
    • Pittala Bhasha
    • Takari (or Takankar, Takia)
  • Wagdi (or Wagadi, Vagadi, Vagdi, Waghari, Wagari, Wagri, Vagari, Vageri, Vaged, Vagi, Wagholi, Mina Bhil) [wbr]
    • Adivasi Wagdi
    • Kherwara
    • Sagwara
  • Bhili (or Bhilboli, Bhilbari, Bhilla, Bhilodi, Bhil, Vil, Bhagoria, Lengotia) [bhb]
    • Ahiri
    • Anarya
    • Bhilodi
    • Bhim
    • Charani
    • Habura
    • Konkani (Bhili)
    • Kotali
    • Magra Ki Boli
    • Nahari (Bhili)
    • Naikdi
    • Panchali
    • Patelia
    • Ranawat
    • Rani Bhil
    • Siyalgir
  • Malvi (or Malavi, Malwi, Malwada, Mallow) [mup]
    • Bachadi
    • Bhoyari
    • Dholewari
    • Hoshangabad
    • Jamral
    • Katiyai
    • Malvi Proper
    • Patvi
    • Rajawadi
    • Rangari (Malvi)
    • Rangri
    • Sondhwadi
    • Sondwari
    • Ujjaini
    • Umadwadi
  • Garasia (or Grasia) Bhil languages
    • Adiwasi Garasia (or Adiwasi Gujarati) [gag]
    • Rajput Garasia (or Dhungri Garasia, Dungari Garasia, Dungri Grasia) [gra]
  • Pauri-Nahali languages
    • Nahali-Baglani (or Nahali, Nahale, Nahal, Nihali, Kalto) [nlx]
    • Pauri Bareli (or Pauri, Pawri, Pawari, Barewali, Bareli, Barli) [bfb]
    • Rathwi Bareli (or Barel, Rathwi Bareli, Rathwi Pauri, Rathi, Rathia) [bgd]
  • Vasave-Noiri languages
    • Noiri (or Bhilori, Mathwadi) [noi]
      • Barutiya
    • Vasavi (or Vasava, Vasava Bhil, Vasave) [vas]
      • Ambodi
      • Dehvali
      • Dogri (Vasavi)
      • Khatalia
      • Kotni
Dardic (or Dardu) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Kohistani languages (see below)
  • Shinaic languages (see below)
  • Chitral languages
    • Kalasha (or Kalashamon, Kalash, Kalasa, Calasa) [kls]
      • Northern Kalasha
      • Southern Kalasha
    • Khowar (or Khowār, Khawar, Arniya, Arniyā, Arnyiā, Chitrali, Chitrari, Citrali, Citālī, Čitarī, Kashkari, Qashqari, Qāšqarī, Jovaro, Patu) [khw]
      • East Khowar
      • North Khowar
      • South Khowar
      • Swat Khowar
  • Kunar languages
    • Dameli (or Damēlī, Damel, Damedi, Damia, Gudoji) [dml]
    • Pech Kunar languages
      • Gawar-Bati (or Gawar-Bātī, Gowar-Bati, Gowari, Narisati, Narisātī, Narsati, Narsātī, Arandui, Satre) [gwt]
      • Shumashti (or Šumāštī, Shumasht) [sts]
      • Grangali (or Glangali, Gelangali, Jumiaki) [nli]
        • Nangalami (or Nangalāmi, Ningalami, Nigalāmi)
        • Nuclear Grangali
        • Zemiaki (or Zamyaki)
  • Kashmiri (or Kašmīrī, Kaschmiri, Kaschemiri, Kacmiri, Cashmeeree, Cashmiri, Kēšur, Keshur, Keshuri) [ks]
    • Bakawali
    • Bunjwali
    • Kishtwari
    • Miraski
    • Poguli
    • Rambani
    • Riasi
    • Shah-Mansuri
    • Siraji-Kashmiri
    • Siraji of Doda
    • Standard Kashmiri
    • Zayoli
    • Zirak-Boli
  • Pashayi (or Pašaī, Pasayí, Pashai) languages
    • Eastern Pashayi languages
      • Northeast Pashayi (or Northeastern Pašaī) [aee]
        • Aret
        • Chalas
        • Kandak
        • Kurangal
        • Kurdar
      • Southeast Pashayi (or Southeastern Pašaī) [psi]
        • Alingar
        • Darrai Nur (or Lower Darra-I Nūr)
        • Kunar (Southeast Pashayi)
        • Laghman
        • Wegal
    • Western Pashayi languages
      • Southwest Pashayi (or Southwestern Pašaī) [psh]
        • Ishpi
        • Isken
        • Tagau
      • Northwest Pashayi (or Northwestern Pašaī) [glh]
        • Alasai
        • Bolaghain
        • Gulbahar
        • Kohnadeh
        • Laurowan
        • Najil
        • Nangarach
        • Pachagan
        • Pandau
        • Parazhghan
        • Pashagar
        • Sanjan
        • Shamakot
        • Shutul (Northwest Pashayi)
        • Uzbin
        • Wadau
Shinaic languages:
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  • Tirahi (or Tirahí, Tirāhī) (†) [tra]
  • Dir-Swat Kohistani languages
    • Wotapuri-Katarqalai (or Wotapūrī-Katāqalāī, Wotapuri, Votapurí) (†) [wsv]
    • Torwali (or Torwālī, Torvalí, Turvali) [trw]
      • Bahrain (Pakistan)
      • Chail
    • Kalami [gwc]
      • Dashwa
      • Kalam (Pakistan)
      • Lamuti (or Lamti)
      • Rajkoti (or Patrak)
      • Thal
      • Ushu
  • Indus Kohistanic languages
    • Indus Kohistani (or Kohiste, Mair, Maiya, Maiyã, Maiyon, Shuthun) [mvy]
      • Duber-Kandia (or Dubērī, Khili, Manzari)
      • Indus (or Jijal, Mani, Pattan, Seo)
    • Outer Indus Kohistani languages
      • Chilisso (or Chiliss, Galos) [clh]
      • Gowro (or Gabaro, Gabar Khel) [gwf]
      • Bateri-Mankiyali languages
        • Bateri (or Bateri Kohistani, Batera Kohistani, Baterawal Kohistani, Baterawal) [btv]
        • Mankiyali [nlm]
Shinaic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Brokskat (or Brokpa of Dah-Hanu, Brokskat, Dokskat, Hanu, Kyango) [bkk]
  • Kundal Shahi [shd]
  • Shina (or Shinaki, Sina, Brokpa) [scl]
    • Astori (or Astōrī)
      • Astor
      • Dras
      • Gurezi
      • Kharmangi
      • Satpara
    • Chilasi Kohistani
      • Chilas
      • Darel
      • Harban
      • Sazin
      • Tangir
    • Gilgiti (or Gilgitī)
      • Bagrote
      • Bunji
      • Gilgit
      • Haramosh
      • Hunza-Nagar
      • Punial
      • Rondu
  • Kohistanic Shina languages
    • Ushojo (or Ushuji) [ush]
    • Kohistani Shina (or Palasi-Kohistani, Kohistani, Kohistyo) [plk]
      • Jalkoti
      • Kolai
      • Palasi
  • Western Shinaic languages
    • Savi (or Sawi, Sauji, Sau) [sdg]
    • Dangari languages
      • Kalkoti [xka]
      • Phalura (or Phalulo, Palula, Palūla, Palola, Dangarik, Dangarīk, Biyori) [phl]
        • Ashreti
        • Northern Phalura
Sindhi-Lahnda languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Eastern Panjabic languages
  • Sindhic languages
    • Kachchi
    • Khetrani
    • Kholosi
    • Luwati
    • Memoni
    • Lasi-Jadgali languages
      • Jadgali (or Jatgali, Jatki, Jat) [jdg]
      • Lasi (or Lassi) [lss]
    • Sindhi Bhil [sbn]
      • Badin
      • Mohrano
      • Nuclear Sindhi Bhil
      • Sindhi Meghwar
    • Sindhi [sd]
      • Bhatia
      • Dukslinu
      • Kayasthi
      • Lari (Sindhi)
      • Macharia
      • Sindhi Musalmani
      • Thareli
      • Thari
      • Viccholi
  • Lahnda languages
    • Pahari Potwari (or Pahari-Potwari, Dhundi-Kairali) [phr]
      • Chibhali
      • Mirpuri
      • Pahari (or Western Pahari)
      • Pothwari (or Pothohari, Potohari, Potwari)
      • Punchhi
    • Hindko (or Hindki, Northeastern Lahnda) languages
      • Northern Hindko (or Hazara Hindko, Kagani, Kaghani) [hno]
      • Southern Hindko [hnd]
        • Attock Hindko
        • Kohat Hindko
        • Peshawar Hindko
        • Rural Peshawar Hindko
    • Panjabic languages
    • Siraikic languages
      • Inku (or Jakati, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Jat, Baluj, Kayani, Musali) [jat]
      • Saraiki (or Seraiki, Siraiki, Reasati, Riasiti, Southern Panjabi) [skr]
        • Bahawalpuri
        • Derawali
        • Jafri
        • Jangli
        • Jatki
        • Multani (or Mutani)
        • Siraiki Hindki
        • Thali
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Northern Nuristani languages
    • Prasuni (or Prasun, Pārūnī, Paruni, Parun, Vasi vari, Vasi-Vari, Vâsi-Vari, Wasi-Veri, Wasi-Wari, Wasi-Weri, Veron, Verou, Veruni) [prn]
      • Central Prasun
      • Lower Prasun
      • Upper Wasi-Weri
    • Kati-Kamviri languages
      • Kati (or Bashgali, Bašgalī, Kativiri, Nuristani) [bsh]
        • Eastern Kativiri
        • Mumviri
        • Western Kativiri
      • Kamviri (or Kamdeshi, Kamik, Lamertiviri, Shekhani) [bsh]
        • Nuclear Kamviri
        • Shekhani
  • Southern Nuristani languages
    • Ashkun (or Ashkuni, Ashkund, Askun, Wamai, Wamayi) [ask]
      • Ashuruveri
      • Gramsukraviri
      • Suruviri
    • Waigali-Tregami languages
      • Tregami (or Tregāmī, Trigami, Gambiri, Gambīrī) [trm]
      • Waigali (or Waigalī, Waigeli, Waygalī, Wai-alā, Kalasa-alā, Kalasha-ala) [wbk]
        • Chima-Nishey
        • Varjan
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  • Avestan (or Avesta, Pazend, Zend) (disabled)
  • Northern Iranian languages (see below)
  • Ormuri-Parachi languages
    • Ormuri (or Ormurí, Ormur, Ormui, Oormuri, Urmuri, Baraki, Baraks, Bargista) [oru]
      • Kanigurami Ormuri (or Kanigurami)
      • Logar Ormuri (or Logari)
    • Parachi (or Parachí) [prc]
      • Ghujulan Parachi
      • Nijrau Parachi
      • Shutul Parachi
  • Pashto languages (see below)
  • Saka (or Sakan, Sakian) languages
    • Khotanese (or Khotanese-Sakan) [kho]
    • Tumshuqese (or Tumshuqese Sakan) (†) [xtg]
  • Sanglechi-Ishkashimi languages
    • Sanglechi [sgy]
    • Ishkashimi (or Ishkashmi, Ishkashim, Eshkashimi, Eškāšmī) [isk]
      • Nuclear Ishkashimi
      • Zebak
  • Shughni-Yazgulami languages (see below)
  • Southwestern Iranian languages (see below)
  • Yidgha-Munja languages
  • Wakhi (or Wakhigi, Vakí, Wakhani, Vakhan, Khik, Guhjali) [wbl] (disabled)
    • Central Wakhi
    • Eastern Wakhi
    • Gojal
    • Ishkoman
    • Western Wakhi
    • Yarkhun
    • Yasin (Wakhi)
Northern Iranian (or Central Iranian PBS) languages:
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  • Northeastern Iranian (or Sogdic-Ossetic) languages
    • Ossetic languages
      • Old Ossetic (†)
      • Ossetian
        • Allagir
        • Digor
        • Iron
        • Jassic
        • Kurtat
        • Tagaur
        • Tual
    • Sogdic languages
      • Khwarezmian
      • Sogdian-Yagnobi languages
        • Sogdian
        • Yagnobi
          • Eastern Yagnobi
          • Western Yagnobi
  • Central Iranian PB languages
    • Bactrian
    • Northwestern Iranian languages (see below)
Northwestern Iranian languages:
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  • Parthian (†) [xpr]
  • Adharic languages (see below)
  • Balochic (or Baluchi) languages (see below)
  • Caspian (or Irano-Caspian) languages (see below)
  • Central Iran Kermanic languages (see below)
  • Laki-Kurdish languages (see below)
  • Semnani-Biyabuneki languages [smy]
    • Biyabuneki
    • Semnan
  • Komisenian languages
    • Lasgerdi [lsa]
    • Sangisari [sgr]
    • Sorkhei [sqo]
Adharic languages:
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Tatic languages:
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  • Central Tatic languages
    • Kho’ini
    • Maraghei
      • Dikini
    • Khalkhalic languages
      • Kajali
      • Khoresh-e Rostam
      • Shahrudi
        • Southern Talyshi
    • North-Central Talysh
      • Central Talyshi
      • Northern Talyshi
        • Astara
        • Lenkoran
        • Lerik
    • Taromic languages
      • Upper Taromi
      • Kabatei
        • Kabate
        • Kalas
  • Northern Tatic languages
    • Harzani
    • Karingani
  • Qazvinic languages
    • Gozarkhani
    • Razajerdi
  • Southern Tatic languages
    • Alviri-Vidari
      • Alvir
      • Vidar
    • Ramand-Karaj languages
      • Eshtehardi
      • Takestani
        • Khalkhal
        • Kharaqan
        • Ramand
        • Tarom
        • Zanjan
    • Vafsic languages
      • Vafsi
      • Ashtiani
        • Nuclear Ashtiani
        • Tafresh
Balochic (or Baluchi) languages:
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Caspian (or Irano-Caspian) languages:
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  • Gurgani
  • Gilaki-Rudbari languages
  • Mazanderani-Shahmirzadi languages
Central Iran Kermanic languages:
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  • Gazi
  • Judeo-Hamadani
  • Khunsari
  • Sivandi
  • Kashani-Natanzi languages
    • Natanzi
    • Soi
  • Yazdi-Kermani-Nayini languages
Laki-Kurdish languages:
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  • Laki [lki]
    • Pish-e Kuh Laki
    • Posht-e Kuh Laki
  • Kurdish [ku] macrolanguage
    • Sorani (or Central Kurdish) [ckb]
      • Bingird
      • Garmiyani
      • Hewleri
      • Kerkuki
      • Mukri
      • Pijdari
      • Pizhdar
      • Rewandiz
      • Sanandaji
      • Southern Jafi
      • Suleimani
      • Warmawa
    • Kurmanji (or Northern Kurdish) [kmr]
      • Akre
      • Amadiye
      • Ashiti
      • Barwari Jor
      • Bayezidi
      • Boti
      • Gulli
      • Hekari
      • Khorasani Kurmanji
      • Marashi (Northern Kurdish)
      • Mhallami
      • Sheikhan
      • Shemdinani
      • Surchi
      • Zakho
    • Pehlewani (or Southern Kurdish) [sdh]
      • Bayray
      • Feyli
      • Garrusi
      • Kalhori
      • Kermanshahi
      • Kolyai
      • Kordali
      • Malekshahi
      • Maleksh ahi
      • Sanjabi
Pashto languages:
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Shughni-Yazgulami languages:
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  • Shughnic languages
    • Old Wanji
    • Sarikoli
    • Shughni
      • Bartangi-Roshorvi Shughni
        • Bartangi Shughni
        • Oroshor Shughni
      • Roshani-Khufi Shughni
        • Khufi Shughni
        • Rushani Shughni
      • Shughni-Shahdara-Bajui
        • Bajui Shughni
        • Barwozi Shughni
        • Ghund Valley Shughni
        • Shughni-Shahdara
          • Nuclear Shughni
          • Shahdara
  • Yazgulyam
    • Lower Yazgulyam
    • Upper Yazgulyam
Southwestern-Iranian languages:
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  • Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.)
  • Middle-Modern Persian languages
    • Pahlavi
    • Modern Southwestern Iranian languages
      • Fars Dialects
      • Kumzari
      • Bashkardi
        • Northern Bashaka
        • Southern Bashaka
      • Farsic-Caucasian Tat languages
      • Lari
        • Bastak
        • Bikha
        • Evaz
        • Gerash
        • Khonj
        • Nuclear Lari
      • Luric-Dezfulic languages
Caucasian Tat languages:
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  • Judeo-Tat
    • Derbend
  • Muslim Tat
    • Absheron
    • Armeno-Tat
    • Aruskush-Daqqushchu
    • Balakhani
    • Devechi
    • Lahyj
    • Malham
    • Northern Tats
    • Qonaqkend
    • Quba Tat
    • Qyzyl Qazma
    • Surakhani
Farsic languages:
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  • Judeo-Persian
  • Persian (or Farsi) macrolanguage
    • Western Farsi (or Iranian Persian)
      • Araki (Iran)
      • Bandari
      • Basseri
      • Esfahani
      • Kashani
      • Kermani
      • Ketabi
      • Mahalhamadani
      • Mashadi
      • Old Shirazi
      • Qazvini
      • Sedehi
      • Shahrudi Kazeruni
      • Shirazi
      • Shirazjahromi
      • Tehrani
      • Yazdi
    • Eastern Farsic languages
      • Dari (or Afghan Persian)
        • Nuclear Dari
        • Parsiwan
      • Dehwari
      • Hazaragi
      • Pahlavani
      • Aimaq
        • Chinghizi
        • Firozkohi
        • Jamshidi
        • Maliki
        • Mizmast
        • Taimani
        • Taimuri
        • Teimuri
        • Zainal
        • Zohri
      • Tajikic languages
Luric languages:
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  • Bakhtiari
    • Charlang
    • Chelgerd
    • Haft-Lang
    • Kuhrang
  • Northern Luri
    • Andimeshki
    • Bala-Gariva’i
    • Borujerdi
    • Cagani
    • Khorramabadi
    • Mahali (Iran)
    • Nahavandi
  • Southern Luri
    • Boyerahmadi
    • Kohgiluyeh
    • Mamasani
    • Shuli
    • Yasuji
Italic languages:
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  • Sabellic languages (†)
    • Old Sabellic (†) [qhr]
      • Sabine (†)
      • South Picene (†)
    • Oscan-Umbrian languages (†)
      • Oscan (†) [osc]
        • Hernican (†)
        • Marrucinian (†)
        • Nuclear Oscan (†)
        • Paelignian (†)
        • Vestinian (†)
      • Umbrian (†) [xum]
        • Aequian
        • Marsian
        • Nuclear Umbrian
        • Volscian
  • Latino-Faliscan languages
    • Faliscan (†) [xfa]
    • Latinic languages
      • Old Latin (or Archaic Latin, Early Latin) (†) [qbb]
      • Imperial Latin languages
        • Latin (†) [la]
          • Late Latin (†)
          • Medieval Latin (†)
          • Vulgar Latin (†)
        • Romance languages
          • Eastern Romance languages (see below)
          • Southern Romance languages (see below)
          • Italo-Western Romance languages
            • Italo-Dalmatian languages (see below)
            • Western Romance languages
              • Unshifted Western Romance languages
              • Shifted Western Romance languages
                • Southwestern Shifted Romance languages
                • Northwestern Shifted Romance languages
Eastern Romance languages:
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  • Castelmezzano (or Castelmessano) [?]
  • Balkan Romance languages
Southern Romance languages:
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  • South Lucanian [?]
  • Sardo-Corsican languages
    • Corsic languages
      • Corsican [co]
        • Northern Corsican
        • Sartenais
        • Venaco
        • Vico-Ajaccio
      • Gallurese Sardinian [sdn]
    • Sardinian macrolanguage [sc]
      • Logudorese Sardinian [src]
        • Barbaricino
        • Northern Logudorese
        • Nuorese
        • Southwestern Logudorese
      • Campidanese Sardinian [sro]
        • Arborense
        • Central Campidanese
        • Meridionale
        • Ogliastrino
        • Sarrabense
        • Sub-Barbaricino
        • Sulcitano
        • Western Campidenese
Italo-Dalmatian languages:
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  • Dalmatian Romance languages
    • Dalmatian [dlm]
    • Istriot (or Istriano) [ist]
  • Italian Romance languages
West Ibero-Romance (West Iberian) languages:
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  • Portuguese-Galician Romance languages (see below)
  • Asturo-Leonese languages
  • Castilic languages
    • Old Spanish (†) [osp]
    • Extremaduran [ext]
      • Central Extremaduran
      • Northern Extremaduran
      • Southern Extremaduran
    • Spanish [es]
      • Castilian
      • Modern Castilian of Aragon
      • Andalusian
      • Murcian
      • Navarrese
      • Canarian Spanish
      • American Spanish
      • Louisiana Spanish
    • South Castilic languages
      • Loreto-Ucayali Spanish (or Jungle Spanish) [spq]
      • Palenquero (or Palenque Creole, Lengua) [pln]
      • Ternate-Zamboanga-Cavite languages
        • Chacovano (creole, see below)
        • Ternateño (or Ternatenyo) (†) [tmg]
      • Ladino (or Judeo-Spanish, Sefardi, Sephardic) [lad]
        • Haquetiya (or Haketiya, Haketia, Hakitia)
        • Judezmo (or Judyo, Jidyo)
        • Nuclear Ladino
Portuguese-Galician Romance languages:
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  • Minderico (or Minde, Piação do Ninhou) [drc]
  • Galician (or Gallegan, Gallego, Galego, Northern Portuguese) [gl]
  • Fala [fax]
    • Lagarteiru
    • Mañegu
    • Valvideiru
  • Macro-Portuguese languages
    • Indo-Portuguesic languages
      • Malabar-Sri Lanka Portuguese [?]
      • Northern Indo-Portuguesic languages
        • Daman-Diu Portuguese [idb]
        • Korlai Portuguese (or Korlai Creole Portuguese) [vkp]
    • Lower Guinea Portuguese languages
      • Angolar (or Ngola, or Angolan Creole Portuguese) [aoa]
      • Annobonese (or Annobonense, Annobonés, Fa D’ambu, Guinea Creole Portuguese) [fab]
      • Saotomense-Principense languages
        • Principense (or Moncó, Lun’gwiye, or Principe Creole Portuguese) [pre]
        • Sãotomense (or São Tomense, São Tomé Creole Portuguese) [cri]
    • Brazil-Portugal Portuguesic languages
      • Cafundo (or Cafundo Creole Portuguese) [ccd]
      • Portuguese [pt]
        • Old Portuguese (†)
        • Galician Portuguese
        • Brazilian Portuguese [pt-BR]
        • Beira
        • Estremenho
        • Madeira-Azores Portuguese
    • Upper Guinea Portuguese languages
    • Luso-Asian Creole languages
      • Macanese (or Macaense, Macanés, Macao Creole Portuguese, Patua) [mzs]
      • Timor Pidgin (†) [tvy]
        • Macaísta
        • Português de Bidau
      • Malacca-Batavia Portuguese Creole (or Bahasa Geragau, Bahasa Serani, Serani, Malayo-Portuguese, Malaysian Creole Portuguese, Portuguese Patois) [mcm]
        • Batavia Creole
        • Malacca Creole (or Malaccan, Malaccan Creole Portuguese, Malaca Portuguese, Malaqueiro, Malaquenho, Malaquense, Malaquês, Moluccas Pidgin)
        • Papiá Kristang (or Kristang)
East Iberian (or Occitanian) languages:
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  • Old Provençal (or Old Occitanian) (†) [pro]
  • Gardiol (or Valdesi del Piemonte Occitanian) [?]
  • Catalan [ca]
    • Old Catalan
    • Western Catalan (or Català Occidental)
      • North-Western Catalan (or Català Nord-Occidental)
        • Pallarès
        • Ribagorçà
        • Tortosì
      • Valencian (or Valencià)
        • Valencià Apitxat
        • Valencià Meridional
        • Valencià Septentrional
    • Eastern Catalan (or Català Oriental)
      • Algherese
      • Rossellonès
      • Balearic
        • Eivissan-Formenteran (or Eivissenc-Formenterer)
        • Mallorcan (or Mallorquí)
        • Minorcan (or Menorquí)
      • Central Catalan
        • Barcelonian (or Barceloní)
        • Northern-Central Transitional Catalan (or Català Central Septentrional de Transició)
        • Salat (Català)
        • Sarragossan (or Tarragoní)
        • Xipella
  • Occitan [oc]
    • Gascon
      • Aranese
        • Baish Aranés (or Lower Aranese)
        • Mijaranés Aranés (or Middle Aranese)
        • Naut Aranés (or upper Aranese)
      • Nuclear Gascon
        • Ariégeois
        • Béarnais (or Bearnese)
        • Landais (or Landese)
    • Northern Occitan
      • Vivaro-Alpine Occitan
      • Auvergnat Occitan
        • Bas-Auvergnat
        • Haut-Auvergnat
      • Limousin Occitan
        • Bas-Limousin
        • Haut-Limousin
    • Southern Occitan
      • Languedocian Occitan
        • Bas-Languedocien
        • Guyennais
        • Haut-Languedocien
        • Languedocien Moyen
      • Provençal Occitan (Provençal)
        • Dauphinois
        • Gavot
        • Maritime Provençal
        • Niçard
        • Rhodanien
        • Transalpin
Gallo-Rhaetian languages:
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Gallo-Italian languages:
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Iroquoian languages

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  • Cherokee [chr]
    • Elati
    • Kituhwa
    • Otali
    • Overhill-Middle Cherokee
  • Northern Iroquoian languages (see below)
Northern Iroquoian languages
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  • Cayuga [cay]
  • Laurentian (†) [lre]
  • Onondaga [ono]
  • Seneca (or Taroko, Tsonnontouan) [see]
  • Susquehannock (†) [sqn]
  • Huron-Wyandot [wya]
    • Cord Huron
    • Lorette Huron
    • Northern Bear Huron
    • Rock Huron
    • Southern Bear Huron
    • Petun-Wyandot
      • Petun
      • Wyandot
  • Mohawk-Oneida languages
    • Mohawk (or Mohaqués, Kanien’kehaka) [moh]
    • Oneida [one]
  • Tuscarora-Nottoway languages
    • Nottoway (†) [ntw]
    • Tuscarora [tus]

Japonic languages

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  • Hachijō [?]
  • Ryukyuan languages (see below)
  • Japanesic languages
    • Old Japanese (†) [ojp]
    • Japan-Taiwan Japanese languages
      • Yilan Creole Japanese [?]
      • Modern Japanese (see below)
Ryukyuan languages:
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  • Northern Ryukyuan languages
    • Okinawa languages
      • Kunigami [xug]
        • Nago Kunigami
      • Central Okinawan [ryu]
        • Kudaka Okinawan
        • Naha Okinawan
        • Shuri Okinawan
        • Torishima Okinawan
    • Amami languages
      • Yoron [yox]
      • Kikai [kzg]
        • Onotsu
      • Nuclear Amami languages
        • Oshima languages
          • Southern Amami-Oshima [ams]
          • Northern Amami-Oshima [ryn]
            • Naze
            • Sani (Japonic)
        • Okinoerabu-Tokunoshima languages
          • Toku-No-Shima [tkn]
            • Kametsu
          • Oki-No-Erabu [okn]
            • East Oki-No-Erabu
            • West Oki-No-Erabu
  • Southern Ryukyu languages
    • Miyako [mvi]
      • Tarama-Minna Miyako
      • Ikema-Irabu Miyako
        • Ikema-Jima Miyako
        • Irabu-Jima Miyako
      • Central Miyako
        • Kurima Miyako
        • Miyako-Jima Miyako
        • Ogami Miyako
    • Macro-Yaeyama languages
      • Yonaguni [yoi]
      • Yaeyama [rys]
        • Hateruma Yaeyama
        • Hatoma Yaeyama
        • Ishigaki Yaeyama
        • Kabira Yaeyama
        • Kohama Yaeyama
        • Kuroshima Yaeyama
        • Shiraho Yaeyama
        • Sonai Yaeyama
        • Taketomi Yaeyama
Modern Japanese [ja]:
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  • Kyūshū
    • Hōnichi
      • Kitakyūshū-ben
      • Miyazaki-ben
      • Ōita-ben
    • Satsugū
      • Morogata
      • Osumi-ben
      • Satsuma-ben
    • Hichiku
      • Chikugo-ben
      • Chikuho-ben
      • Hakata-ben
      • Hita-ben
      • Kumamoto-ben
      • Saga-ben
      • Tsushima-ben
      • Nagasaki-ben
        • Hirado-ben
        • Sasebo-ben
  • Western Japanese
    • Umpaku
      • Izumo-ben
      • Yonago-ben
    • Shikoku
      • Hata-ben
      • Iyo-ben
      • Kagawa-ben
      • Tokushima-ben
    • Hokuriku
      • Fukui
      • Kanazawa
      • Noto
      • Sado
      • Toyama
    • Chūgoku
      • Fukuyama
      • Hiroshima
      • Iwami
      • Okayama
      • Tajima
      • Tango
      • Tottori
      • Yamaguchi
    • Kinki
      • Banshū
      • Kobe
      • Maizuru
      • Oku-yoshino
      • Shiga
      • Wakasa
      • Wakayama
      • Kyoto
        • Gion
        • Gosho
        • Muromachi
      • Mie
        • Iga
        • Ise
        • Shima
      • Ōsaka
        • Kawachi
        • Semba
        • Senshū
  • Eastern Japanese
    • Hokkaidō
    • Tōhoku
      • Northern Tōhoku
        • Akita
        • Morioka
        • Nambu
        • Shimokita
        • Shōnai
        • Tsugaru
      • Southern Tōhoku
        • Aizu
        • Fukushima
        • Kesen
        • Mogami
        • Sendai
        • Yamagata
        • Yonezawa
    • Kantō
      • Eastern Kantō
        • Chiba
        • Ibaraki
        • Tochigi
      • Western Kantō
        • Bōshū
        • Chichibu
        • Gunma
        • Kanagawa
        • Tama
        • Tōkyō
          • Hyōjungo
          • Shitamachi
    • Tōkai-Tōsan
      • Echigo
        • Jōetsu
        • Nagaoka
        • Niigata
        • Uonuma
      • Gifu-Aichi
        • Hida
        • Mino
        • Mikawa
          • Eastern Mikawa
          • Western Mikawa
        • Owari
          • Chita
          • Nagoya
      • Nagano-Yamanashi-Shizuoka
        • Enshū
        • Izu
        • Shizuoka
        • Yamanashi
        • Nagano
          • Chūshin
          • Hokushin
          • Nanshin
          • Okushin
          • Tōshin

Kartvelian languages

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  • Svan [sva]
  • Georgian-Zan (or Karto-Zan) languages
Georgic languages:
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  • Judeo-Georgian [jge]
  • Old Georgian (†) [oge] (disabled)
    • Early Old Georgian (5th to 8th centuries)
      • Khanmet’i (5th and 6th centuries)
      • Haemet’i' (7th and 8th centuries)
    • Classical Old Georgian (9th to 11th centuries)
  • Georgian [ka]
    • Middle Georgian (11th to 17th centuries, and modern liturgic)
    • Adzhar
    • Fereydan
    • Gurian
    • Imeretian
    • Imerxev
    • Imerxev Kartlian
    • Ingilo
    • Kaxetian
    • Meskhur-Javakhuri
    • Moxev
    • Mtiul
    • Pshav
    • Racha-Lexchxum
    • Tush
    • Xevsur
Zan languages:
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Macro-Jê (or Macro-Gê) languages

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  • Ofayé [opy]
  • Rikbaktsa [rkb]
  • Jê (or Gê) languages (see below)
  • Karajá [kpj]
    • Javaé
  • Aimore languages
    • Gueren (†) [?]
    • Krenak [kqq]
  • Jabuti languages
    • Arikapú [ark]
    • Djeoromitxí [jbt]
  • Maxakalian languages (†)
    • Koropó (†) [xxr]
    • Malali (†) [?]
    • Pataxó Hã-Ha-Hãe (†) [pth]
    • Western Maxakali languages (†)
      • Capoxo (†) [?]
      • Macuni (†) [?]
      • Maxakalí (†) [?]
Jê (or Gê) languages
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  • Geico (†) [?]
  • Jê Meridional (or Southern Gê) languages (see below)
  • Jê Setentrional (or Northern Gê) languages (see below)
  • Jê Central (or Central Gê) languages
    • Acroá (†) [acs]
    • Xakriabá (†) [xkr]
    • Xavánte [xav]
    • Xerénte [xer]
Jê Meridional (or Southern Gê) languages
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  • Ingain-Kimda languages (†)
    • Ingain (†) [?]
    • Kimda (†) [?]
  • Kaingang-Xokleng languages
    • Xokleng [xok]
    • Kaingangic languages
      • São Paulo Kaingáng (†) [zkp]
      • Kaingang [kgp]
        • Central Kaingang
        • Paraná Kaingang
        • Southeast Kaingang
        • Southwest Kaingang
Jê Setentrional (or Northern Gê) languages
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  • Panará [kre]
  • Core Northern Jê (or Core Northern Gê) languages
    • Apinayé [apn]
    • Suyá [suy]
      • Beiço de Pau
      • Yaruma
    • Kayapó [txu]
      • Kararaó
      • Kayapó-Kradaú
      • Xikrin
    • Eastern Timbira languages
      • Northeastern Timbira [xre]
      • Southeastern Timbira languages
        • Canela-Krahô [ram]
          • Apanjekra
          • Krahô
          • Ramkokamekra
        • Pará Gavião [gvp]
          • Krikati-Timbira
          • Krinkati
          • Timbira

Muskogean languages

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Niger-Congo languages (?)

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Atlantic-Congo languages:
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  • Gola
  • Mansoanka
  • Senegambian (or North-Central Atlantic) languages (see below)
  • Volta-Congo languages (see below)
  • Limba languages
    • East Limba
    • West-Central Limba
  • Mel languages
    • Northern Mel languages
      • Baga Koga
      • Baga Manduri
      • Baga Sitemu
      • Landoma
      • Timne
    • Southern Mel languages
      • Kissi languages
        • Northern Kissi
        • Southern Kisi
      • Bullom languages
        • Sherbro
        • Northern Bullom languages
          • Bom-Kim
          • Bullom So
Senegambian (or North-Central Atlantic) languages:
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  • Fula-Serer languages (see below)
  • Jaad languages
    • Biafada
    • Jaad-Badyara
  • Naluic languages
    • Baga Mboteni-Binari
    • Mbulungish
    • Nalu
  • Central Atlantic (or Bak) languages
    • Bak (proper) languages (see below)
    • Bijogo (or Bijago) languages
      • Kamona Bijogo
      • Kangaki-Kagbaaga-Kajoko Bidyogo
  • Tenda languages
    • Wamey
    • Bassari-Bedik-Bapen languages
      • Bassari-Tanda
      • Bedik-Bapen languages
        • Bapen
        • Bedik
  • Cangin languages
    • Palor-Ndut languages
      • Ndut
      • Palor
    • Saafi-Noon-Lehar languages
  • Wolof-BKK (or Wolof-Nyun) languages
    • Wolofic languages
      • Gambian Wolof
      • Lebu Wolof
      • Wolof [wo]
    • Nyun languages
      • Buy languages
        • Kasanga
        • Kobiana
      • Bainounk languages
        • Bainouk-Gunyaamolo-Gutobor
        • Bainounk-Gujaher
        • Gubeeher-Gufangor-Gubelor
        • Northeast Bainounk
Fula-Serer languages:
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Bak (proper) languages:
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  • Balanta languages
    • Balanta-Ganja [bjt]
      • Fganja
      • Fjaalib
    • Balanta-Kentohe [ble]
      • Fora
      • Kantohe
      • Mane
      • Naga (Balanta)
  • Joola-Manjaku languages
    • Manjaku-Mankanya-Papel languages
      • Mankanya [knf]
        • Burama
        • Shadal
      • Cur-Bok-Cotier languages
        • Papel [pbo]
        • Mandjak [mfv]
          • Bok
          • Cur
          • Likes-Utsia
          • Lund
          • Sarar
          • Teixeira Pinto
          • Tsaamo
          • Yu
    • Jola (or Diola, Dyola) languages
      • Jola-Fonyi (or Jola-Fogny, Diola-Fogny) [dyo]
        • Buluf
        • Fonyi (or Fogny)
        • Kalounaye
        • Kombo
        • Narang
      • Gusilay-Bandial languages
        • Gusilay [gsl]
        • Bandial [bqj]
          • Affiniam
          • Elun
          • Nuclear Bandial
      • Bayot languages
        • Arame-Gubaare [?]
          • Edamme
          • Gubaare
        • Kugere-Kuxinge [bda]
          • Essin
          • Kugere
      • FH-Jola languages
        • Jola-Esulalu [csk]
          • Ayun
          • Bliss
          • Esulalu
          • Fluvial
          • Huluf
          • Selek
        • PF-Jola languages
          • Her-Ejamat languages
            • Ejamat [eja]
            • Keerak [hhr]
          • Kwatay-Karon-Mlomp languages
            • Kuwaataay [cwt]
            • Karon-Mlomp languages
              • Karon [krx]
              • Mlomp [mlo]
Volta-Congo languages:
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  • Kru languages (see below)
  • Kwa languages (see below)
  • North Volta-Congo languages (see below)
  • Benue-Congo languages (see below)
  • Aproumu Aizi (Aproumu, Aprou, Aprwe, Oprou) [ahp]
  • Mpra (†) [?]
  • Mbre (Bere, Bre, Pre, Pre Pisia) [mka]
  • Ega (or Egwa, Diés) [ega]
  • Adamawa Fali languages
    • North Fali [fll]
      • Bossoum
      • Bveri
      • Dourbeye
    • South Fali [fal]
      • Bele
      • Fali-Tinguelin
      • Kangou
Kru languages:
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  • Kuwaa (or Kwaa, Kowaao, Belle, Belleh) [blh]
  • Aizi (or Ahizi) languages
    • Mobumrin Aizi (or Mobumrin) [ahm]
    • Tiagbamrin Aizi (or Tiagba, Lélémrin) [ahi]
  • Eastern Kru languages (see below)
  • Western Kru (or Kroo) languages
    • Grebo languages (see below)
    • Wee (or Wèè) languages (see below)
    • Klao-Tajuasohn languages
      • Tajuasohn (or Tajuason, Tajuoso, Tajuosohn) [tja]
      • Klao (or Klaoh, Klau, Krawi) [klu]
        • Central Klaoh
        • Eastern Klaoh
        • West Central Klaoh
        • Western Klaoh
    • Bassaic languages
      • Dewoin (or Dewoi, Dei, Dey, De) [dee]
      • Gbii (or Gbee, Gbi-Dowlu) [ggb]
        • Dorbor
        • Kplor
      • Bassa [bsq]
        • Central Bassa
        • Gba Sor
        • Gbor
        • Hwen Gba Kon
        • Mabahn
        • Rivercess Bassa
Eastern Kru languages:
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  • Kodia (or Kwadia, Kwadya) [kwp]
  • Bakwe-Wane languages
    • Wané (or Hwane, Ngwané) [hwa]
    • Bakwé (or Bakwe) [bjw]
      • Dafa
      • Defa
      • Deple
      • Nigagba
      • Nyinagbi
  • Neyo-Dida languages
    • Neyo (or Gwibwen, Towi) [ney]
    • Dida languages
      • Yocoboué Dida (or Yocoboue Dida) [gud]
        • Divo
        • Lozoua
      • Guebie-Lakota Dida languages
        • Gabogbo [gie]
        • Lakota Dida (or Dieko, Gabo, Guébie, Brabori, Satro, Ziki) [dic]
          • Vata
  • Beteic languages
    • Eastern Bete (or Eastern Bété) languages
      • Kouya (or Kuya, Kowya, Sokya) [kyf]
      • Gagnoa Bété (or Gagnoua-Bété, Shyen) [btg]
        • Gbadi
        • Kpakolo
        • Nekedi
        • Niabre
        • Zadie
        • Zebie
    • Western Bete (or Western Bété) languages
      • Daloa Bété (or Daloua Bété, Northern Bété, Gbadi) [bev]
      • Guiberoua Bété (or Central Bété, Western Bété) [bet]
        • Guiberoua
        • Soubré
      • Godié (or Godye) [god]
        • Dagli
        • Dlogo
        • Glibe
        • Jluko
        • Kagbo
        • Koyo (Côte d’Ivoire)
        • Nugbo
        • Nyago
        • Tiglu
Grebo languages:
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  • Ivorian Grebo (or Krumen, Kroumen) languages
    • Pye Krumen (or Northeastern Krumen, Southeastern Krumen) [pye]
      • Dugbo
      • Gbowe-Hran
      • Pie
      • Trepo
      • Wlepo
      • Wluwe-Hawlo
      • Yapo
      • Yrewe
    • Tepo-Plapo languages
      • Plapo Krumen (or Plapo) [ktj]
      • Tepo Krumen (or Southern Krumen, Southwestern Kroumen) [ted]
        • Bapo
        • Dapo
        • Glawlo
        • Honpo
        • Plapo
        • Tepo
        • Wlopo
        • Yrepo
  • Liberian Grebo languages
    • Southern Grebo [grj]
      • Glebo
      • Jabo
      • Nyabo
      • Wrelpo
    • North-Central Liberian Grebo languages
      • Northern Grebo [gbo]
        • Chedepo
        • E Je
        • Fopo-Bua
        • Gbepo
        • Jedepo
        • Klepo
        • Palipo
        • Tienpo
        • Northeastern Grebo
          • Ketiepo
          • Nitiabo
          • Sabo
          • Tuobo
          • Webo
      • Barclayville-Gboloo-Central Liberian Grebo languages
        • Barclayville Grebo [gry]
          • Kplebo
          • Wedebo
        • Gboloo-Central Grebo languages
          • Gboloo Grebo (or Gboloo, Gblou Grebo) [gec]
            • Biabo
            • Dediebo
            • Gederobo
            • Nyanoun
          • Central Grebo [grv]
            • Borobo
            • Dorobo (Central Grebo)
            • Globo
            • Nyenebo
            • Trembo
Wee (or Wèè) languages:
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  • Nyabwa [nwb]
    • Nuclear Nyabwa
    • Nyedebwa
  • Wobe-Wè Northern (or Wobe, Wobé, Ouobe, Wèè, Wè Northern) [wob]
    • Péomé
    • Sémien
    • Tao
  • Konobo-Eastern Krahn [kqo]
    • Gorbo
    • Kanneh
    • Konobo
    • Tchien
  • Guere-Krahn languages
    • Daho-Doo [das]
    • Glio-Oubi (or Glio, Oubi, Ubi) [oub]
    • Glaro-Twabo [glr]
      • Glaro
      • Twabo
    • Sapo (or Sarpo, Southern Krahn) [krn] (disabled)
      • Juarzon
      • Kabade
      • Nomopo
      • Putu
      • Sinkon
      • Waya
    • Western Krahn (or Northern Krahn, Kran) [krw]
      • Biai
      • Gbaeson
      • Gbarbo
      • Gborbo
      • Gbo (Western Krahn)
      • Kpeaply
      • Pewa
      • Plo
    • Guere (or Guéré, Gere) languages
      • Wè Western (or Neyo) [wec]
        • Kaoro
        • Nidrou
      • Wè Southern (or Central Guéré) [gxx]
        • Beu
        • Fleo
        • Gboo
        • Neao
        • Nyeo
        • Zaa
        • Zagna
        • Zagne
        • Zibiao
Kwa languages:
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  • Left Bank Kwa languages
    • Gbe (or Gbi) languages (see below)
    • Ga-Dangme languages
    • Ka-Togo languages
    • Na-Togo languages
  • Nyo languages (see below)
Gbe (or Gbi) languages:
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  • Kpessi (or Kpesi, Kpétsi) [kef]
  • Waci Gbe (or Waci-Gbe, Waci, Wachi, Ouatchi, Watyi, Watyu) [wci]
  • Gen (Gen-Gbe, Gebe, Ge, Guin, Mina-Gen, Mina, Popo) [gej]
    • Agoi (Gen)
    • Anexo
    • Gliji
    • Nuclear Gen
  • Aja (Benin) (or Adja, Ajagbe) [ajg]
    • Dogbo
    • Dogo (Benin)
    • Hwe (or Hwè)
    • Sikpi
    • Tado (Benin)
  • Western Gbe languages
  • Eastern Gbe languages
    • Ci Gbe (or Cigbe, Ayizo-Ci, Ci, Tchi, Tschi) [cib]
    • Defi Gbe [gbh]
    • Kotafon Gbe (or Kogbe, Ko) [kqk]
    • Maxi Gbe (Maxi-Gbe, Maxi, Mahi) [mxl]
    • Tofin Gbe [tfi]
    • Weme Gbe (or Weme, Wéménugbé) [wem]
    • Gbesi Gbe (or Gbesi) [gbs]
      • Gbokpa
    • Wudu (or Togo Gbe) [wud]
      • Gbekon
    • Fon (or Fon-Gbe, Fogbe, Fongbe, Fonnu, Fo, Dahomeen, Djedji) [fon]
      • Agbome
      • Arohun
      • Kpase
    • Saxwe Gbe (or Saxwe-Gbe, Saxwe) [sxw]
      • Daxe
      • Saxwe Proper
      • Se
    • Ayizo Gbe (or Ayizo-Gbe, Ayizo, Ayzo) [ayb]
      • Ayizo-Kobe
      • Ayizo-Seto
      • Ayizo-Tori
      • Kadagbe
    • Gun (or Gun-Gbe, Goun, Egun, Gugbe, Gu) [guw]
      • Ajra
      • Alada (or Alada-Gbe, Alada, Aladian, Gun-Alada)
      • Asento
      • Nuclear Gun
      • Phela
      • Savi (Atlantic-Congo)
      • Seto (Gun) (or Seto-Gbe)
      • Toli (or Toli-Gbe)
      • Weme
    • Xwela Gbe (or Xwela-Gbe) languages
      • Central Xwela Gbe (or Xwla-Gbe, Xwela-Gba, Xwela, Peda, Phera, Houeda) [xwe]
      • Eastern Xwla Gbe (or Xwla, Kpla, Phla, Pla, Ophra, Offra, Houla, Popo) [gbx]
      • Western Xwla Gbe (or Xwlan, Phla) [xwl]
Nyo languages:
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  • Attié (or Attie, Atie, Atshe, Atche, Akie, Akye) [ati]
    • Bodin
    • Ketin
    • Naindin
  • Avikam-Alladian languages
    • Alladian (or Alladyan, Allagian, Allagia) [ald]
    • Avikam (or Avekom, Brinya, Brignan, Gbanda, Kwakwa, Lahu) [avi]
  • Agneby languages
    • Adioukrou (or Adyoukrou, Adyukru, Adjukru, Ajukru) [adj]
    • Abidji (or Abiji) [abi]
      • Enyembe
      • Ogbru
    • Abé (or Abbey, Abbé, Abi) [aba]
      • Abbey-Ve
      • Kos
      • Morie
      • Tioffo
  • Potou-Tano languages
    • Potou languages
      • Ebrié (Cama, Caman, Tchaman, Tsama, Tyama, Kyama) [ebr]
      • Mbato (or M’bato, Mbatto, Mgbato, N-Batto, Potu, Potou, Ogwia, Goaa, Gwa) [gwa]
    • Tano languages (see below)
      • Krobu (or Krobou) [kxb]
      • Central Tano languages (see below)
      • Guang languages (see below)
      • Western Tano languages
        • Abure (or Abouré, Abule, Abonwa, Akaplass) [abu]
        • Beti (Côte d'Ivoire) (or Eotile, Éotilé, Metyibo) [eot]
Central Tano languages:
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  • Akanic languages
    • Abron (or Bron, Brong, Doma, Gyaman) [abr]
    • Wasa (or Wassa, Wasaw) [wss]
      • Amenfi
      • Fianse
    • Akan [ak]
  • Bia languages
    • Southern Bia languages
      • Ahanta [aha]
      • Jwira-Nzima languages
        • Nzima (or Nzema, Appolo) [nzi]
          • Evalue
        • Jwira-Pepesa (or Pepesa-Jwira) [jwi]
          • Jwira
          • Pepesa
    • Northern Bia languages
      • Anufo (or Chakosi, Chokosi, Chokossi, Tchokossi, Tiokossi, Kyokosi) [cko]
      • Baoulé (or Baule, Bawule) [bci]
      • Sehwi (or Sefwi, Asahyue) [sfw]
      • Anyinic languages
        • Anyin Morofo (or Morofo) [mtb]
        • Anyin [any]
          • Abe (Anyin)
          • Alangua
          • Ano
          • Aowin
          • Barabo
          • Bini (Anyin)
          • Bona
          • Djuablin
          • Indenie
          • Moronou
          • Sanvi
Guang languages:
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  • South Guang languages
    • Awutu [afu]
      • Efutu
      • Nuclear Awutu
      • Senya
    • Hill South Guang (or Gua) languages
      • Larteh (or Late, Lete) [lar]
      • Gua-Cherepon languages
        • Cherepon (or Chiripon, Chiripong, Kyerepong, Okere) [cpn]
        • Gua (or Gwa, Anum-Boso) [gwx]
          • Anu (Ghana)
          • Boso
  • North Guang languages
North Volta-Congo languages:
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  • Kam
  • Cameroun-Ubangian languages (see below)
  • Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka (14) languages
  • Gur languages (see below)
  • Senufo (or Sénoufo) languages
    • Central Senufo languages
      • Cebaara Senoufo
      • Senara Sénoufo
    • Karaboro languages
      • Eastern Karaboro
      • Western Karaboro
    • North Senufo languages
      • Mamara Senoufo
      • Nanerigé Sénoufo
      • Supyiric languages
        • Sìcìté Sénoufo
        • Supyire Senoufo
    • South Senufo languages
      • Djimini Senoufo
      • Nafaanra
      • Nyarafolo Senoufo
      • Palaka Senoufo
      • Tagwana Senoufo
  • Bua-Kim-Day languages
    • Day
    • Kim-Besme-Goundo languages
      • Besme
      • Goundo
      • Kim
    • Adamawa Bua languages
      • Tun-Bua-Lua languages
        • Noy
        • Tunia
        • Bua-Lua languages
          • Niellim
          • Buaic languages
            • Bua
            • Kawaway
      • Goula-Melfi languages
        • Bolgo-Koke languages
          • Bolgo
          • Koke
        • Goulaic languages
          • Bon Gula
          • Zan-Kulaalic languages
            • Zan Gula
            • Kulaalic languages
              • Fania
              • Gula Iro
Cameroun-Ubangian languages:
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  • Oblo
  • Mbumic languages
    • Laka (Nigeria)
    • Mbum
    • To
    • Central Mbum languages
      • Kuo
      • Karangic languages
        • Karang
        • Nzakambay
        • Kare-Pana languages
          • Kare (Central African Republic)
          • Pana (Central African Republic)
    • Northern Mbum languages
      • Dama-Galke languages
        • Dama (Cameroon)
        • Ndai
      • Tupuri-Mundang-Mambai languages
        • Tupuri
        • Mambai
        • Mundangic languages
          • Mono (Cameroon)
          • Mundang
          • Pam (Cameroon)
  • Central Adamawa languages
    • Mumuye-Yandang languages
      • Gengle-Kugama
      • Kumba
      • Mumuyic languages
        • Mumuye
        • Pangseng
        • Rang
      • Yandang languages
        • Bali-Kpasam languages
          • Bali (Nigeria)
          • Kpasam
          • Yotti
        • Waka-Yendang-Teme languages
          • Teme
          • Waka-Yandang languages
            • Waka
            • Yendang
    • Samba Duru languages
      • Duli-Gewe
      • Nimbari
      • Northern Samba Duru languages
        • Doyayo
        • Vere-Gimme languages
          • Koma Alantika languages
            • Gimme
            • Gimnime
          • Vere languages
            • Koma Ndera
            • Mom Jango
            • Northern Alantika Vere
            • Vere Kaadam
      • Southern Samba Duru languages
        • Longto
        • Peere
        • Diic languages
          • Dii
          • Dugun
          • Duupa
        • Sambaic languages
          • Kolbila
          • Samba-Leko-Perema-Mumbake languages
            • Samba Leko
            • Perema-Mumbake languages
              • Nyong
              • Wom (Nigeria)
  • Ubangi languages
    • Zandic languages
      • Barambo-Pambia languages
        • Barambu
        • Ngala-Santandrea
        • Pambia
      • Zande-Nzakara languages
        • Geme
        • Nzakara
        • Zande
    • Bandaic languages
      • Ngbundu
      • Mbandja
      • West Central Banda
      • Ngbugu-Langbasi languages
        • Langbashe
        • South Central Banda
      • Central Bandaic languages
        • Banda-Yangere
        • Central Core Bandaic (10) languages
    • Ngbandi-Mongoba-Kazibati languages
      • Mongoba-Kazibati
      • Ngbandic (8) languages
    • Sere-Ngbaka-Mba languages
      • Sereic (9) languages
      • Ngbaka-Mba (17) languages
Gur languages:
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  • Viemo
  • Tiefoic languages
    • Tiefo-Daramandugu
    • Tiefo-Nyafogo-Numudara
  • Tusia (or Toussian) languages
    • Northern Toussian
    • Southern Toussian
  • Samu languages
    • Natioro
    • Palen
    • Samue
  • Kulango-Lorom languages
    • Kulango languages
      • Bondoukou Kulango
      • Bouna Kulango
    • Teenic languages
      • Loma (Côte d’Ivoire)
      • Téén
  • Central Gur languages
    • Northern Gur languages
      • Koromfé
      • Bwamu-Oti-Volta languages
        • Nuclear Oti-Volta languages (see below)
        • Oti-Volta languages
          • Buli-Koma languages
            • Buli (Ghana)
            • Konni
        • Bwamu languages
          • Bomu
          • Nuclear Bwamu languages
            • Buamu
            • Cwi Bwamu
            • Láá Láá Bwamu
    • Waja-Jen (25) languages
    • Southern Central Gur languages
      • Baatonum
      • Dogoso-Khe (2) languages
      • Kirma-Tyurama (2) languages
      • Lobiri-Jaane (2) languages
      • Kaansa-Dogose (3) languages
      • Grusi (24) languages
Nuclear Oti-Volta languages:
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  • Miyobe
  • Oti-Volta Oriental languages
    • Biali
    • Waama-Tayari-Ditammari languages
      • Waama
      • Tayari-Ditammari languages
        • Nateni
        • Ditammaric languages
          • Ditammari
          • Mbelime
  • Gurma-Yom-Oti-Volta Occidental languages
    • Gurma-Yom-Naudem languages
      • Yom-Nawdm languages
        • Nawdm
        • Yom
      • Gurma languages
        • Gurma A languages
          • Akaselem
          • Ntcham
        • Gurma B languages
          • Konkomba-Gangam languages
            • Konkomba
            • Ngangam
          • Gourmantche-Moba languages
            • Gourmanchéma
            • Moba-Bimoba languages
              • Bimoba
              • Moba
    • Oti-Volta Occidental (or Western Oti-Volta) languages
      • Notre
      • Nuclear Oti-Volta Occidental languages
        • Southeast Western Oti-Volta languages
        • Kusaal
        • Kamara-Hanga languages
          • Hanga
          • Kamara
        • Mampruli-Dagbani languages
          • Dagbani
          • Mampruli
        • Northwest Oti-Volta languages
          • Mossi-Farefare languages
          • Safaliba-Dagaare languages
            • Safaliba
            • Dagaaric languages
              • Central-South Dagaric languages
                • Central Dagaare
                • South Dagaric languages
                  • Dagaari Dioula
                  • Wali (Ghana)
              • North-West Dagaric languages
                • Northern Dagara
                • Birifor languages
                  • Malba Birifor
                  • Southern Birifor
Benue-Congo languages:
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  • Benue-Congo Plateau languages (see below)
  • Baissa Fali (or Fali of Baissa) [fah]
  • Tita (or Hoai Petel) [tdq]
  • Gade (or Gede) [ged]
  • Oko-Eni-Osayen (or Ogori-Magongo) [oks]
    • Eni
    • Oko
    • Osayen
  • Ukaan (or Ikan, Anyaran) [kcf]
    • Auga
    • Ishe
    • Kakumo
  • Igboid languages
    • Ekpeye (or Ekkpahia, Ekpabya, Ekpaffia) [ekp]
    • Ako (Atlantic-Congo)
    • Igbuduya
    • Ubye
    • Upata
    • Igbo languages
      • Ika
      • Igbo (or Ibo) [ig]
        • Afikpo
        • Aniocha
        • Bonny-Opobo
        • Eche
        • Egbema
        • Mbaise
        • Ngwa
        • Nsa
        • Nsuka
        • Oguta
        • Ohuhu
        • Oka (Nigeria)
        • Onitsha
        • Orlu
        • Owerri
        • Umuahia
        • Unwana
      • Ikwere
      • Izi-Ezaa-Ikwo-Mgbo
      • Ogbah
      • Ukwuani-Aboh-Ndoni
  • Idomoid languages
  • Ebira-Nupoid languages
  • Jukunoid languages
  • Defoid languages
    • Yoruboid languages
  • Akpes-Edoid languages
  • Kainji languages
  • Delta Cross languages
  • Bantoid languages
Benue-Congo Plateau languages:
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  • Ikulu (or Ikolu, Ankulu) [ikl]
  • Ndunic (or Ndun, Indun, Nandu, Ningon, Nyeng, Hanyeng, Isakara, Shakara, Ahwai, Tari) [nfd]
  • Eloyi (or Aho, Afo, Afao, Afu, Epe, Keffi) [afo]
    • Mbamu
    • Mbeci
    • Mbeji
  • Southeastern Benue-Congo Plateau languages
  • Beromic languages
  • Northern Benue-Congo Plateau languages
  • Tarokoid languages
  • Benue-Congo Central Plateau languages
  • Yukubenic languages
  • Alumic languages
  • Western Benue-Congo Plateau languages
Northern Bantoid languages:
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  • Tikar
  • Dakoid languages
    • Taram-Dirim-Nnakenyare languages
      • Dirim-Nnakenyare languages
      • Samba Daka
    • Tiba-Dong languages
      • Dong
      • Gaa
  • Mambiloid languages
    • Ndoola
    • Nizaa-Mambila-Vute languages
      • Nizaa
      • Konja-Mambila-Vute languages
        • Konja languages
          • Bung
          • Kwanja
          • Njanga
        • Mambila-Vute languages
          • Mambila-Mbongno languages
            • Mambila languages
              • Western Mambila
              • Eastern Mambila languages
                • Cambap-Langa
                • Donga Mambila
              • Njerup languages
                • Luo (Cameroon)
                • Njerep
                • Yeni
            • Mbongno-Mvano languages
              • Mbongno
              • Mvano-Ndunda languages
                • Mvano
                • Ndunda
          • Vutic languages
            • Somyev
            • Tep
            • Vute-Wawa languages
              • Vute
              • Wawa
Southern Bantoid languages:
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  • Ajumbu
  • Bishuo
  • Buru (Nigeria)
  • Busuu
  • Fang (Cameroon)
  • Koshin
  • Mundabli
  • Mungbam
  • Beboid (12) languages
  • Bendic (9) languages
  • Ekoid-Mbe (9) languages
  • Jarawan (14) languages
  • Mamfe (3) languages
  • Narrow Bantu languages
  • Tivoid languages (see below)
  • Wide Grassfields languages (see below)
Ababuan languages:
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  • Bali-Beeke languages
    • Bali (Democratic Republic of Congo)
    • Beeke
  • Old Bomokandian languages
    • Komoic languages
      • Amba (Uganda)
      • Bera
      • Bilaic languages
        • Bhele
        • Kango (Tshopo District)
        • Komo (Democratic Republic of Congo)
        • Bila-Kaiku languages
          • Bila
          • Kaiku
    • Middle Bomokandian languages
      • Liko
      • Late Bomokandian languages
        • Kango (Bas-Uélé District)
        • Ngelima
        • Pagabeteic languages
          • Bwa
          • Pagibete
    • Ngbele-Ngenda languages
      • Extreme North Vestigial Suffixes Bantu languages
        • Kari
        • Ngbee
        • Nyanga-li
      • Ngendan languages
        • Bodo (Central African Republic)
        • Boguru
        • Homa
        • Ngbinda-Mayeka languages
          • Mayeka
          • Ngbinda
Mbam languages:
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  • West Mbam (A.40) (5) languages
  • Sanaga (A.60) (2) languages
  • Yambasa (A.60) (7) languages
Bantu A-B10-B20-B30 languages:
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  • Bantu A10-A20-A30 languages
  • Basaa (A.40) languages
    • Abo-Barombi languages
      • Bankon (or Abo, Abaw, Bo, Bon, Nkon) [abb]
      • Barombi (Barumbi, Balombi, Lombi, Lombe, Lambi, Rambi, Rombi) [bbi]
    • Basaa-Bakoko (A.43) languages
      • Bakoko (A.43.b) [kho]
        • Adie
        • Bisoo (or Basoo)
        • Mbang
        • Yabyang
        • Yakalak
        • Yapoma
        • Yassuku
      • Basaa-Hijuk languages
  • Bafia (A.50) languages
    • Tibea (or Ngayaba, Nyabea, Njanti, Djanti, Minjanti, Zangnte) [ngy]
    • Nuclear Bafia (A.50) languages
      • Dimbong (or Mbong, Bumbong, Lambong, Lakaalong, Kaalong, Kalong, Palong) [dii]
      • Lefa-Bafia languages
        • Bafia [ksf]
          • Bape
          • Kpa
        • Lefa [lfa]
          • Cama
          • Letia
          • Nuclear Lefa
          • Tingong
  • Yaunde-Fang (A.70) languages (see below)
  • Makaa-Njem (A.80) languages
  • Sheke languages
    • Molengue (or Balengue, Molendji) [bxc]
    • Seki (or Beseki, Bulu, Seseki, Sheke, Shekiyana) [syi]
  • Keleic languages (see below)
  • Myene-Okani (B.10-B.30) languages
    • Myene (or Omyene) [mye]
      • Ajumba
      • Enenga
      • Galwa
      • Mpongwe (or Mpongué, Pongué, Pangwe)
      • Nkomi
      • Orungu
    • Okani (B.30) languages
      • Northern Okani languages
        • Kande (or Okandé, Kaande, Kanda) [kbs]
        • Pinji (or Apinji, Apindji, Apindje, Gapinji) [pic]
        • Simba (or Nsindak) [sbw]
      • Southern Okani languages
        • Bubi (or Bhubhi, Ibhubhi, Ibubi, Pove) [buw]
        • Tsogo (or Mitsogo, Getsogo, Ghetsogo) [tsv]
        • Viya (or Geviya, Gevia, Eviya, Avia, Ivéa) [gev]
Lundu-Balong (A.10) languages:
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  • Bonkeng (or Bonkeng-Pendia, Bongken) [bvg]
  • Lekongo-Manenguba languages
    • Nkongho (or Lekongo, Kinkwa, Upper Mbo) [nkc]
    • Bafaw-Balong-Manenguba languages
      • Bafaw-Balong (or Ngoe) [bwt]
        • Bafaw
        • Balong
      • Manenguba languages
        • Bassossi (Basossi, Basosi, Sosi, Asobse, Swose, Nsose, Nswose, Nswase, Ngen) [bsi]
          • Mienge
        • Mbo (Cameroon) (or Mboo, Sambo) [mbo]
          • Bareko
          • Kekem
          • Melong
          • Santchou
        • Central Manenguba languages
          • Akoose (or Bakossi, Bekoose, Koose, Kosi, Akosi, Nkoosi, Nkosi) [bss]
            • Elung
            • Mwambong
            • Mwamenam
            • Ninong
            • Northern Bakossi
            • Southern Bakossi
            • Western Bakossi
          • Bakaka (or Central Mbo) [bqz]
            • Babong
            • Bafun
            • Balondo
            • Baneka
            • Manehas
            • Nuclear Bakaka
Sawabantu languages:
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  • Bengaic languages
    • Batanga (or Bano’o, Banoho, Noho, Nohu, Noku) [bnm] (disabled)
    • Benga (or Qaqet) [bng]
    • Yasa-Kombe languages
      • Ngumbi (or Kombe) [nui]
        • Asonga (Ngumbi)
        • Bomudi
        • Moganda
      • Yasa (or Bongwe, Ndowe, Lyaasa, Maasa) [yko]
        • Asonga
        • Bodele
        • Bomui
        • Bweko
        • Iyasa
        • Mapanga
        • Marry
        • Mogana
        • Mooma
        • One (Yasa)
        • Vendo
  • Dualaic languages
    • Oli-Bidiman [?]
    • Duala-Malimba languages
      • Malimba (or Mulimba, Limba, Lemba, Mudima) [mzd]
      • Duala (or Douala, Diwala, Dwala, Dwela) [dua]
        • Bodiman
        • Mungo
        • Oli
        • Pongo
    • Kole-Isubu languages
      • Bakole (or Bamusso, Kole) [kme]
      • Isu (Fako Division) (or Isubu, Subu, Suwu, Su, Bimbia) [szv]
  • Kpwe languages
    • Mokpwe (or Bakueri, Bakwedi, Bakwele, Bakpwe, Kwedi, Kwili, Kwiri, Mokpe, Ujuwa, Vambeng) [bri]
    • Wumboko-Bubia (or Womboko, Mboko, Bumboko, Bomboko, Bamboko, Bambuku) [bqm]
    • Oroko (or Bakundu) [bdu]
      • Bima (Oroko)
      • Ekombe
      • Lokoko
      • Lokundu
      • Lolue
      • Londo
      • Longolo
      • Lotanga
      • Mbonge
Yaunde-Fang (A.70) languages:
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  • Eton-Mengisa (or Iton) [eto]
    • Beyidzolo
    • Essele
    • Mvog-Namve
    • Mvo-Nangkok
  • Bulu (Cameroon) (or Boulou) [bum]
    • Bene
    • Yelinda
    • Yembana
    • Yengono
    • Zaman
  • Fang (Equatorial Guinea) (or Pahouin, Pahoun, Pamue) [fan]
    • Fang (Equatorial Guinea)
    • Make
    • Mvae
    • Ntum
    • Ogowe
  • Ewondo-Bebele languages
    • Bebil (or Bobilis, Gbigbil) [bxp]
    • Bebele (or Bamvele) [beb]
      • Eke (Cameroon)
      • Manyok
    • Ewondo (or Ewundu, Yaoundé, Yaunde, Jaunde, Kolo) [ewo]
      • Badjia
      • Bafeuk
      • Bamvele
      • Bane
      • Beti
      • Enoah
      • Evouzok
      • Fong
      • Mbida-Bani
      • Mvete
      • Mvog-Niengue
      • Omvang
      • Yabeka
      • Yabekanga
      • Yabekolo
Keleic languages:
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  • Greater Kota languages
    • Kota-Mahongwe languages
      • Kota (Gabon) (or Kotu, Ikota, Ikuta) [koq]
      • Mahongwe (or Mahongüe) [mhb]
    • Ndasa-Wumbvu-Samay languages
      • Osamayi (or Samay) [syx]
      • Ndasa-Wumbvu languages
        • Ndasa (or Andasa, Ndassa, Ndash) [nda]
        • Wumbvu (or Wumvu) [wum]
  • Kele-Sake languages
    • Kele-Tombidi languages
      • Tombidi [?]
      • Kélé (or Akele, Dikele) [keb]
        • Bubi (Kele)
        • Western Kele
    • Greater Sake languages
      • Sake-Ndambomo languages
        • Ndambomo [nxo]
        • Sake (or Saké, Shake, Asake) [sak]
      • Ngom-Mwesa-Mbangwe languages
        • Mbangwe (or M’bahouin, Mbahouin) [zmn]
        • Ngom-Mwesa languages
          • Mwesa [?]
          • Ngom (or Ongom, Ungom, Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ngomo) [nra]
Central-Western Bantu languages:
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  • Yeyi
  • Greater Bangi-Ntomba languages
    • Bafoto
    • Kela-Ntomba languages
      • Sengele
      • Bolia-Ntomba languages
        • Bolia
        • Ntomba
      • Vieux Mongo languages
        • Lomongo languages
          • Mongo
          • Ngando-Lalia
        • Nkutsuic languages
          • Dengese
          • Ombo
          • Yela-Kela
          • Boshongo languages
            • Bushoong-Wongo-Lele languages
              • Sakata
              • Bushoong-Wongo-Lele languages
                • Bushoong
                • Lele (Democratic Republic of Congo)
                • Wongo
            • Sakata
          • Tetelaic languages
            • Hamba de Lomela
            • Kusu
            • Tetela
    • Ngiri languages (see below)
  • Greater Luyana languages
    • Eastern Greater Luyana languages
      • Luyi
      • Mbowe
    • Western Greater Luyana languages
      • Mashi-Mbukushi languages
        • Mashi (Zambia)
        • Mbukushu
      • Simaaic languages
        • Nyengo
        • Simaa
  • Njebe-Mbete-Teke languages
    • Sigu-Njebi languages
      • Sighu
      • Njebi (B.50) languages
        • Vili of Ngounie
        • Ndjavi A languages
          • Njebi
          • Tsaangi
        • Ndjavi B languages
          • Duma
          • Wandji
    • Mbere (B.60) languages
      • Ndumu-Bakanike languages
        • Kaningi
        • Ndumu
      • Tsitsege-Ombamba languages
        • Tchitchege
        • Ombambaic languages
          • Mbere
          • Ngul
          • Ombamba
          • Teke-Tege
    • Teke (B.70) languages
      • Ibali Teke
      • Ngungwel-Eboo languages
        • Ngungwel
        • Teke-Eboo-Nzikou
      • South Teke languages
        • Teke-Fuumu
        • Teke-Kukuya
      • West Teke languages
        • Teke-Tyee
        • Laali-Tsaayi-Yaka languages
          • Teke-Tsaayi
          • Laali-Yaa languages
            • Teke-Laali
            • Yaka (Congo)
  • Yanzi (B.80) languages
    • Lwel
    • Nzadi
    • Boma-Tiene-Mpe languages
      • Kempee
      • Boma-Tiene languages
        • Boma
        • Tiene
    • Kwilu-Nsong languages
      • Mbuun
      • Mfinu
      • Nsong-Mpiin-Ngong languages
        • Ngongo
        • Nsong
    • Kwilu-Umlaut languages
      • Ding
      • Yans-Mpur-Ntsambaan languages
        • Ntsambaan
        • Yansi
  • Kele (C.60) languages
    • Mbesa
    • Kele-Poke languages
      • Mbole
      • Kele-Lombo languages
        • Kele-Foma
        • Lombo
      • So-Poke languages
        • Poke
        • Basoo languages
          • Moingi
          • So (Democratic Republic of Congo)
  • Kongo-Yaka-Suku-Hungan languages
    • Hungana-Saamba
    • Kongo-Yaka-Suku languages
      • Kikongoic languages (see below)
      • Yaka-Suku languages
        • Hungu
          • Suku
        • Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo
  • Koyo-Mboshi languages
    • Akwa
    • Koyo
    • Mboko
    • Mbosi
    • Likwala-Likuba languages
      • Likuba
      • Likwala
  • Likouala-Sangha languages
    • Bomitaba
    • Dibole
    • Impfondo
    • Mikaya-Bambengangale-Baluma
    • Bwamba-Ngondi-Pande-Mbati-Aka languages
      • Mbati
      • Ngundi
      • Pande
      • Yaka (Central African Republic)
    • Mokiba-Ngando languages
      • Bongili
      • Ngando (Central African Republic)
  • Luban languages (see below)
  • Njila languages (see below)
Ngiri languages:
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  • Lusengo
  • Budja (C.37) languages
    • Budza
    • Egbuta
  • Ngiri Riverain languages
    • Ngiri Riverain Mongala languages
      • Babango
      • Bwela
      • Motembo-Kunda-Buja
    • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi languages
      • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi-Intérieur languages
        • Boko (Democratic Republic of Congo)
        • Zamba
        • Likoka languages
          • Bomboli
          • Lobala
      • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi-Ripuaire languages
        • Bobangic languages
          • Mpama
          • Nkutu
          • Ohendo
          • Bobangic Riverain languages
            • Loi-Likila
            • Moi (Congo)
            • Bobangi-Bangala-Lingala languages
              • Bangi
              • Lingala-Bangala languages
        • Libinzic languages
          • Libinza Fleuve languages
            • Mabaale
            • Ndobo
          • Libinza Ngiri languages
            • Balobo
            • Boloki
            • Libinza
            • Litoka
  • Ngiri Terrien languages
    • Bomboma
    • Bamweic languages
      • Bamwe
      • Bozaba
      • Dzando
    • Ngombe-Genja languages
      • Ligenza
      • Ngombe (Democratic Republic of Congo)
  • Saw languages
    • Bolondo
    • Ndolo
Kikongoic languages:
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  • Kikongo macrolanguage [kg]
  • Core Kikongo languages
    • South-Central-East Kikongo languages
      • Eastern Kikongo
      • Koongo-Kituba languages
        • Kituba (Congo)
        • Kituba (Democratic Republic of Congo)
        • South-Central Kikongo
    • West Kikongo languages
      • Cimbala-Cizali
      • Lumbuic languages
        • Lumbu-Bwisi languages
          • Bwisi
          • Lumbu
        • Ngubi-Sangu-Sira-Punu languages
          • Ngubi
          • Sangu-Sira-Punu languages
            • Punu-Vungu languages
              • Punu
              • Vumbu
            • Sangu-Sira languages
              • Sangu (Gabon)
              • Sira-Barama languages
                • Barama
                • Sira
      • Yombe-Vili languages
        • Vili
        • Yombe
  • Northern Kikongo languages
    • Doondo
    • Kaamba
    • Laari
    • Suundi
    • Kunyi-Beembe languages
      • Beembe
      • Kunyi
Luban languages:
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  • Nkoya
  • Luba-Kaonde languages
    • Kaonde-Shaba-Sanga languages
      • Kaonde
      • Luba-Katanga
      • Sanga (Democratic Republic of Congo)
    • Lubaic languages
      • Kanyok
      • Bangubangu-Kasai languages
        • Bangubangu
        • Hemba-Yazi
        • Luba-Lulua
  • Mbagani-Lwalwa languages
    • Binji
    • Luna
    • Lwalu
    • Songe
Njila languages:
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  • Northern Njila languages
  • Southern Njila languages
    • Chokwe-Lunda languages
      • Chokwe-Ngangela-Nyemba (K.20) languages
        • Chokwe-Lwena languages
          • Luvale (or Chiluvale, Lubale, Lovale, Lwena, Luena) [lue]
          • Chokwe (or Ciokwe, Cokwe, Tshokwe, Tschiokwe, Tschiokloe, Djok, Kioko, Quioco, Shioko, Imo) [cjk]
            • Minungo
        • Ngangela-Nyemba languages
          • Luchazi (or Chiluchazi, Lujazi, Lujasi, Lujash, Lutchaz, Lutshase, Luxage, Lucazi, Cujazi, Ponda) [lch]
          • Nkangala (or Ngangala, Cangala) [nkn]
          • Nyemba (Nhemba, Ngangela, Gangela, Ganguela, Ganguella) [nba]
          • Mbwela-Mbunda languages
            • Luimbi (or Chiluimbi, Luimbi, Lwimbi, Luimbe, Lwimbe) [lum]
            • Mbunda (or Mbuunda, Chimbunda, Gimbunda, Kimbunda) [mck]
            • Mbwela (or Mbuela, Ambuela, Ambuella, Mbwela, Mbwera, Shimbwera) [mfu]
      • Ruund-Salampasu languages
        • Salampasu (or Chisalampasu) [slx]
          • Luntu
        • Lunda-Ruund-Kete languages
          • Lunda (or Chilunda) [lun]
            • Humbu
            • Kawiku
            • Kosa
            • Lunda Kalunda
            • Lunda Kambove
            • Lunda Ndembu
            • Ndembu
          • Ruund-Kete languages
            • Kete (or Kikete, Lukete) [kcv]
            • Ruund (or Uruund, Luunda, Luwunda, Northern Lunda, Lunda-Kamboro, Chilu Wunda, Chiluwunda, Muatiamvua) [rnd]
              • Kahemba
              • Kalamb
              • Musumb
              • Wiin-Kaninciin
    • Kunene languages
      • Ndombe (or Dombe) [ndq]
      • Umbundu (or Umbundo, Ovimbundu, Quimbundo, South Mbundu, Mbundu Benguella, M'bundo, Mbali, Mbari, Nano) [umb]
        • Hele
        • Mbalundu
      • Kwangali-Diriku languages
        • Diriku (or Diriko, Gciriku, Rugciriku, Shimbogedu, Mbogedu, Mbogedo) [diu]
        • Kwangali (or Rukwangali, Sikwangali, Kwangali, Kwangari, Kwangare, Cuangar) [kwn]
          • Sambyu
      • Cimbebasia (R) languages
        • Kuvale [olu]
        • Kwandu [xdo]
        • Ngendelengo [nql]
        • Herero (R.30) languages
          • Zemba (or Luzimba, Simba, Chimba, Himba, Otjidhimba, Dhimba, Dimba, Oluthimba, Tjimba) [dhm]
          • Herero [hz]
            • Mbandieru
        • Nyaneka-Nkhumbi languages
          • Nkhumbi (or Nkumbi, Otjingumbi, Ngumbi, Khumbi) [khu]
          • Nyaneka (or Lunyaneka, Nhaneka, Nhaneca) [kyk]
            • Humbe
            • Mwila
        • Ndonga (or Ovambo, Oshiwambo) (R.20) cluster languages
          • Mbalanhu [lnb]
          • Ngandyera (or Ngandjera, Oshingandjera) [nne]
          • Kuanyama [kj]
          • Kwambi-Ndonga languages
            • Kwambi [kwm]
            • Ndonga [ng]
              • Eunda (or Oshiunda)
              • Kolonkadhi (or Oshikolonkadhi)
              • Kwaludhi (or Oshikwaluudhi)
East Bantu languages:
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  • Botatwe languages (see below)
  • Corridor Bantu languages (see below)
  • Enya (D.10) languages
    • Enya [gey]
    • Zimba [zmb]
      • Binja (Zimba)
      • Kwange
      • Mamba (Democratic Republic of Congo)
      • Semalinga
      • Semulu
  • Kilombero languages
    • Ndamba [ndj]
    • Pogolo [poy]
  • Mbugwe-Langi languages
    • Mbugwe [mgz]
    • Langi (or Rangi) [lag]
      • Haubi
      • Kolo
      • Kondoa
      • Mondo
  • Northeast Savanna Bantu languages
    • Bende-Tongwe (2) languages
    • Central Kenya Bantu languages (see below)
    • Great Lakes Bantu languages (see below)
    • Kilimanjaro-Taita languages (see below)
    • Northeast Coastal Bantu languages (see below)
    • Southern Tanzania Highlands Bantu languages (see below)
    • Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20) (5) languages
  • Nyanga-Mituku-Lega languages (see below)
  • Nyaturu-Nilamba languages
    • Isanzu [isn]
    • Nilamba [nim]
      • Iambi
    • Nyaturu
      • Chahi
      • Ginyamunyinganyi
      • Girwana
  • Rufiji-Ruvuma languages (see below)
  • Sabi languages (see below)
  • Shona (S.10) languages (see below)
  • Southern Bantu-Makua languages
    • Chopi (S.60) languages
      • Chopi
      • Gitonga
    • Nguni-Tsonga languages (see below)
    • Sotho-Makua-Venda languages
  • Tumbuka-Sena-Nyanja languages (see below)
Botatwe languages:
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Corridor-Bantu languages:
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Central Kenya Bantu languages:
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  • Eastern Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Dhaiso [dhs]
    • Kamba (Kenya) [kam]
      • Masaku
      • Mumoni
      • North Kitui
      • South Kitui
  • Northern Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Chuka [cuh]
    • Meru [mer]
      • Igembe
      • Igoji
      • Imenti
      • Miutini
      • Nuclear Meru
      • Tigania
    • Tharaka [thk]
      • Gatue
      • Ntugi
      • Nuclear Tharaka
      • Thagichu
  • Western Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Temi (or Sonjo) [soz]
    • Kikuyu-Embu languages
      • Embu [ebu]
        • Mbeere
        • Nuclear Embu
      • Kikuyu (or Gikuyu) [ki]
        • Gichugu
        • Mathira
        • Ndia
        • Northern Gikuyu
        • Southern Gikuyu
      • Mwimbi-Muthambi [mws]
        • Muthambi
        • Mwimbi
Great Lakes Bantu (J) languages:
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  • East Nyanza (12) languages
  • Greater Luyia (17) languages
  • Gungu
  • Western Lakes Bantu (17) languages
  • West Nyanza (or Nyoro-Ganda) (J.10) languages
    • Kerewe
    • Zinza
    • North Nyanza languages
    • Rutara languages
      • North Rutara languages
        • Hema
        • Ruuli
        • Talinga-Bwisi
        • Nkore-Kiga-Nyoro-Tooro languages
          • Nkore-Kiga languages
            • Chiga
            • Nyankole
          • Nyoro-Tooro languages
            • Nyoro
            • Tooro
      • South Rutara languages
        • Haya
        • Nyambo
Kilimanjaro-Taita languages:
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Northeast Coastal Bantu languages:
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  • Coastal NEC Bantu languages
    • Mijikenda-Pokomo-Comorian languages
      • Pokomo
      • Comorian Bantu languages
      • Mwali Comorian
      • Ngazidja Comorian
      • Shindzwani-Shimaore languages
      • Mijikenda languages
        • Northern Mijikenda languages
          • Chonyi-Dzihana-Kauma
          • Duruma
          • Giryama
        • Southern Mijikenda languages
          • Digo
          • Segeju
    • Sabaki-Swahili languages
      • Ilwana
      • Mwani
      • Swahili (G.40) languages
        • Chimwiini
        • Mombasa-Lamu-Inland Swahili languages
          • Congo Swahili
          • Cutchi-Swahili
          • Swahili [sw]
  • Pare-Taveta languages
    • Asu (Tanzania)
    • Taveta
  • Ruvu languages
    • Kagulu
    • East Ruvu languages
      • Doe
      • Luguru
      • Central East Ruvu languages
        • Kami (Tanzania)
        • Kwere
        • Kutu-Zaramo languages
          • Kutu
          • Zaramo
    • West Ruvu languages
      • Gogo
      • Seuta languages
        • Bondei-Shambala languages
          • Bondei
          • Shambala
        • Zigua-Nguu languages
          • Ngulu
          • Zigula-Mushungulu
      • Vidunda-Sagala languages
        • Sagala
        • Vidunda
Southern Tanzania Highlands Bantu languages:
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  • Bena-Hehe languages
    • Bena (Tanzania)
    • Hehe
  • Kinga-Magoma languages
    • Kinga
    • Magoma
  • Kisi-Pangwa languages
    • Kisi
    • Pangwa
  • Manda-Ngoni languages
    • Manda-Matumba
    • Ngoni
  • Wanji-Sangu languages
    • Sangu (Tanzania)
    • Vwanji
Nyanga-Mituku-Lega languages:
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Rufiji-Ruvuma languages:
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Sabi languages:
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  • Malungu-Central Sabi languages
    • Bwile [bwc]
    • Central Sabi languages
      • Bemba (M.40) languages
        • Aushi [auh]
        • Bemba (Zambia) [bem]
          • Chishinga
          • Kabende
          • Lembue
          • Lomotua
          • Luunda
          • Mukula (Zambia)
          • Ngoma
          • Ng'umbo
          • Nwesi
          • Town Bemba
          • Twa of Bangweulu
          • Unga (Zambia)
      • Bisa-Lamba (M.50) languages
        • Seba [kdg]
        • Lala-Bisa [leb]
          • Ambo (Lala-Bisa)
          • Bisa
          • Lala (Lala-Bisa)
          • Luano
          • Swaka
          • Wulima
        • Lamba [lam]
          • Lima
          • Nuclear Lamba
    • Taabwa [tap]
      • Shila
  • Nsenga [nse]
    • Ngoni (Nsenga)
    • Nuclear Nsenga
Shona (S.10) languages:
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  • Dema [dmx]
  • Kalanga-Nambya languages
    • Nambya (or Chinambya, Senambya, Senajwa, Nambzya, Nanzva, Najwa) [nmq]
    • Kalanga (or Chikalanga, Tjikalanga, Makalaka, Sekalaka, Kalaka, Kalanga, Sekalaña, Kalana, Kanana, Bakaa, Wakalanga, Western Shona) [kck]
      • Ikalanga
      • Lilima
      • Nyai
      • Peri
      • Talahundra
  • Core Shona languages
    • Ndau (or Chindau, Ndzawu, Njao, Sofala, Southeast Shona) [ndc]
      • Danda
      • Dondo (Ndau)
      • Garwe
      • Nuclear Ndau
      • Shanga (Mozambique)
      • Tonga
    • Plateau Shona languages
      • Tewe (or Teve, Vateve, Wateve, Chiute, Ciute) [twx]
      • Manyika (or Chimanyika, Manika, Bamanyeka, Wamanyika, Wanyika) [mxc]
        • Bocha
        • Bunji (Atlantic-Congo)
        • Bvumba
        • Domba
        • Guta
        • Here
        • Hungwe
        • Jindwi
        • Karombe
        • Nyamuka
        • Nyatwe
        • Unyama
      • Central Shona languages
        • Tawara (or Tawala) [twl]
          • Tawara-Chioco
          • Tawara-Daque
        • Shona (or Chishona) [sn]
          • Hwesa
          • Toko
          • Karanga (Atlantic-Congo)
            • Duma (Karanga)
            • Govera
            • Jena
            • Mhari
            • Ngova
            • Nyubi
          • Korekore
            • Budya
            • Gova
            • Nyongwe
            • Pfunde
            • Shan Gwe
            • Tande
            • Tavara''
          • Zezuru
            • Harava
            • Kachikwakwa
            • Kwazwimba
            • Mbire
            • Njanja
            • Nobvu
            • Nohwe
            • Shawasha
            • Tsunga
Nguni-Tsonga languages:
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Sotho-Makua languages:
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  • North Mozambique Bantu languages
    • Chuwaboic languages
      • Chuwabu
      • Lolo
      • Marenje
      • Takwane
    • Kokola
    • Koti
    • Maindo
    • Makua-Lomwe languages
      • Makhuwa
      • Makhuwa-Marrevone
      • Makhuwa-Meetto
      • Makhuwa-Moniga
      • Makhuwa-Saka
      • Makhuwa-Shirima
      • Lomweic languages
        • Malawi Lomwe
        • Mozambique Lomwe
    • Manyawa
    • Nathembo
  • Sotho-Tswana (S.30) languages
Tumbuka-Sena-Nyanja languages:
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  • Sena-Nyanja languages
    • Chikunda [kdn]
    • Nyanjaic languages
      • Mwera (Nyasa) [mjh]
      • Nyanja (or Chinyanja) [ny]
        • Chewa (or Chichewa)
        • Kunda
        • Manganja
        • Ngoni (Nyanja)
        • Nuclear Nyanja
        • Nyasa (or Chinyasa)
        • Peta
    • Senaic languages
      • Barwe [bwg]
      • Malawi Sena [swk]
      • Nyungwe [nyu]
      • Phimbi [phm]
      • Sena [seh]
        • Bangwe
        • Caia
        • Gombe (Sena)
        • Gorongosa
        • Podzo
        • Rue
        • Sangwe
  • Tumbukic languages
    • Tonga (Nyasa) (or Chitonga, Kitonga, Siska, Sisya) [tog]
    • Tumbuka (or Chitimbuka, Tambuka, Tew) [tum]
      • Chikamanga
      • Chipoka
      • Chitumbuka
      • Fililwa
      • Fungwe
      • Hewe
      • Kandawire
      • Nenya
      • Ngoni (Tumbuka)
      • Nthali
      • Poka
      • Senga
      • Wenya
      • Yombe (Tumbuka)
Tivoid languages:
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  • Esimbi
  • Mesaka
  • Central Tivoid (8) languages
  • North Tivoid (4) languages
Wide Grassfields languages:
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  • Ambele
  • Befang
  • Narrow Grassfields languages
    • Mbam-Nkam languages
      • Bamileke languages
        • Fe’fe’
        • Ghomálá’
        • Kwa’
        • Medumba
        • Mengaka
        • Nda’nda’
        • Ngiemboon
        • Ngomba
        • Ngombale
        • Ngwe
        • Yemba
      • Nka languages
        • Mbam-Nkam Nun (8) languages
        • Ngembaic (9) languages
        • Nkambe (7) languages
    • Momo (7) languages
    • Ndemli
    • Ring languages
      • Center Ring (6) languages
      • Lamnso’
      • South Ring (4) languages
      • West Ring (6) languages
    • Southwest Grassfields (6) languages
    • Viti
Ijaw (or Ijoid) languages:
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  • Defaka [afn]
  • Ijo languages
    • Eastern Ijo languages
      • KaKiBa-Nkoroo languages
        • Nkoroo (or Kirika) [nkx]
        • KaKiBa languages
          • Ibani (or Bonny, Ubani) [iby]
          • Kalabari [ijn]
          • Kirike (or Okrika) [okr]
      • Southeast Ijo (or Brass Ijo, Ijaw) [ijs]
        • Akassa
        • Nembe
    • Western Ijo languages
      • Inland Ijo languages
        • Biseni [ije]
        • Okodia [okd]
        • Oruma [orr]
      • Izon (or Izo, Uzo, North Central Tshu-Khwe, East Kalahari) [ijc]
        • Apoi
        • Arogbo
        • Basan
        • Bumo
        • East Olodiama
        • East Tarakiri
        • Egbema (Ijoid)
        • Ekpetiama
        • Furupagha
        • Gbarain
        • Iduwini
        • Ikibiri
        • Kabo
        • Kolokuma-Opokuma
        • Koluama
        • Kumbo (Ijoid)
        • Mein
        • Ogbe Ijo
        • Ogboin
        • Ogulagha
        • Operemo
        • Oporomo
        • Oporoza
        • Oyiakiri
        • Tuomo
        • West Olodiama
        • West Tarakiri
Mande languages (?):
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  • Eastern Mande languages
  • Western Mande languages
    • Northwestern Mande languages (see below)
    • Manding-Kpelle languages
      • Southwest Mande languages
        • Kpelle languages
        • Mende-Loma languages
      • Central Mande languages
        • Susu-Yalunka languages
          • Susu (or Soussou, Soso, Susse, Susoo) [sus]
          • Yalunka (or Dialonké, Dyalonke, Jalonké, Kjalonke) [yal]
            • Firia
            • Musaia
            • Sulima
        • Manding-Jogo languages
          • Jogo-Jeri languages
          • Manding-Vai languages
            • Vai-Kono languages
            • Manding-Mokole languages
              • Nuclear Mokole languages
              • Manding languages
                • West Manding languages
                  • Mandinka (or Mandinga, Mandinkokan) [mnk]
                  • Kita-Kagoro languages
                    • Kagoro (or Kakolo) [xkg]
                    • Kita Maninkakan (or Central Malinke) [mwk]
                      • Fulanke
                  • Xasonka languages
                    • Jahanka (or Diakhanke), Dyakanke, Jahanque, Jahonque [jad]
                    • Xaasongaxango (or Kasso, Kasson, Chassonke, Xasonke, Xasonga) [kao]
                    • Western Maninkakan (or Western Malinke, Western Maninka) [mlq]
                      • Kenieba Maninka
                      • Nyoxolonkan
                • East Manding languages (see below)
Bisa-Busa languages:
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  • Bissa [bib]
    • Baraka
    • Barka (Burkina Faso)
    • Lebir
    • Lere (Burkina Faso)
  • Samo-Busa languages
    • Busan languages
      • Boko-Busa languages
        • Boko (Benin) (or Bokonya, Bokko) [bqc]
        • Bokobaru (or Busa-Bokobaru, Zongben) [bus]
          • Kaiama
          • Village Bokobaru
        • Busa (or Bisayã, Busano, Busa-Bisã, Bisã, Bussanchi) [bqp]
          • Illo
          • New Busa
          • Wawa (Nigeria)
      • Kyenga-Shanga languages
        • Kyenga (or Tyenga, Tyanga, Kenga, Cenka) [tye]
        • Shanga (or Shonga, Shongawa, Shangawa) [sho]
    • Mande Samo languages
      • Matya Samo (or Tougan, West Central Goe) [stj]
      • Maya Samo (or Northeastern Samo, Somono, Sa) [sym]
        • Bangassogo
        • Bounou
        • Gomboro
        • Kiembara
      • Southern Samo [sbd]
        • Toma (Eastern Mande)
Southeastern Mande languages:
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  • Nwa-Ben languages
    • Gbin (†) [xgb]
    • Ben-Gban languages
      • Gban (or Gagou, Gagu, Kagu, Kago) [ggu]
        • Bokabo
        • Bokwa (Mande)
        • N’da
        • Tuka
      • Bengic languages
        • Beng (or Ngain, Ngan, Ngen, Ngin, Nguin, Ben) [nhb]
        • Ngen of Djonkro [gnj]
    • Wan-Mwan languages
      • Mwan (or Mona, Mouan, Muan, Muana) [moa]
      • Wan (or Nwa, Van) [wan]
        • Kemu
        • Miamu
  • Mano-Dan languages
    • Mann (or Maa, Mano, Mawe) [mev]
    • Guro-Dan languages
      • Dan-Toura languages
        • Dan (or Yacouba, Gio) [daf]
          • Kla-Dan
          • Nuclear Dan
            • Eastern Dan
              • Bia Dan
              • Blong Dan
              • Gaan Dan
              • Gama Dan
              • Gbapen
              • Gblee Dan
              • Gwaan Dan
              • Gweetaawu
              • Kaa Dan
              • Saan Dan
              • Sleng Dan
              • Tee Dan
              • Yii Dan
              • Yoon Dan
            • Western Dan
              • Blowo
              • Dhoo Dan
              • Ka Dan
              • Loo Dan
              • Lower Gio
              • River Cess Gio
              • Upper Gio
              • Vain Dan
              • Wao Dan
              • West Yacouba Dan
              • Yizue
        • Toura-Goo languages
          • Goo [?]
          • Toura (Côte d'Ivoire) [neb]
            • Boo
            • Guse
            • Gwéò
            • Naò
            • Wáádú
            • Yiligele
      • Guro-Yaoure languages
        • Guro [goa]
        • Yaouré (or Yaure, Yohowré, Youré) [yre]
          • Bhoo
          • Klan
          • Taan
          • Yaan
          • Yoo
Northwestern Mande languages:
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  • Soninke-Bozo languages
    • Soninkean languages
      • Sininkere (or Silanke, Silinkere) [skq]
      • Soninke (or Soninké, Aswanik, Diawara, Maraka, Sarahole, Sarakole, Silabe, Toubakai, Wakore, Walpre) [snk]
        • Azer
        • Gadyaga
        • Kinbakka
        • Xenqenna
    • Bozo languages
      • Hainyaxo Bozo (or Kelenga, Kélinga, Xan, Xanyaxo) [bzx]
      • Nuclear Bozo languages
        • Jenaama Bozo (or Corogaama, Djenaama, Gbunde, Nononke, Sarkanci, Sarkawa, Sorko, Sorogama) [bze]
          • Débo
          • Korondougou
          • Kotya
          • Pondori
        • Ti-Bozo languages
          • Tiemacèwè Bozo (or Tièma Cièwè, Tié) [boo]
          • Tiéyaxo Bozo (or Tiemaxo, Tigemaxo, Tégué) [boz]
  • Duun-Bobo languages
    • Northern Bobo Madaré (or Konabéré) [bbo]
      • Jèrè
      • Kukoma
      • Kure
      • Sankuma
      • Tankri
      • Yaba
    • Southern Bobo Madaré (or Bobo Fi, Bobo Fing, Sya) [bwq]
      • Benge
      • Sogokiré
      • Sya
      • Syabéré
      • Voré
      • Zara
East Manding languages:
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  • Bambara (or Bamanakan) [bm]
    • Beledugu
    • Ganadugu
    • San
    • Segou
    • Sikasso
    • Somono
    • Standard Bambara
  • Bolon (or Boka, Bo) [bof]
    • Black Bolon
    • White Bolon
  • Dyula (or Dioula, Diula, Djula) [dyu]
    • Dioula Véhiculaire
    • Kong Jula
    • Tagboussikan
  • Marka (or Dafing, Dafin, Meka) [rkm]
    • Gassan
    • Nouna
    • Safané
  • Manenkan languages
    • Konyanka Maninka (or Konianka, Konya) [mku]
    • Manya (or Mandingo, Manya Kan) [mzj]
    • Sankaran Maninka (or Faranah, Sankarankan) [msc]
    • Eastern Maninkakan [emk]
      • Amana
      • Koulounkalan
      • Wasulu
  • Maninka-Mori languages
    • Mahou (or Mahu, Maou, Mau, Mauka, Mauke) [mxx]
      • Baralaka
      • Finanga
      • Koroka
      • Mahouka
      • Tenenga
    • Wojenaka (or Malinké, Odiennekakan, Odienné Jula) [jod]
      • Bodougouka
      • Nafana
      • Odienneka
      • Sienkoka
      • Toudougouka
      • Vandougouka
      • Wasulu (Wojenaka)
    • Worodougou (or Bakokan) [jud]
      • Kanika
      • Karanjan
      • Worodougouka
    • Koro-Koyaga languages
      • Koro (Côte d'Ivoire) (or Koro Jula) [kfo]
      • Koyaga (or Koya, Koyaa, Koyaga Jula, Koyagakan) [kga]
        • Nigbi
        • Nuclear Koyaga
        • Sagaka
        • Siaka

Nilo-Saharan languages (?)

Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Nilo-Saharan family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
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Komuz languages:
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  • Gule (or Anej, Fecakomodiyo, Hamej) (†) [gly]
  • Shabo (or Chabu, Mikeyir) [sbf]
  • Koman languages
    • Kwama (or Qewama, Takwama, T’wa Kwama, Koma of Asosa, Gwama, Gogwama, Goma, North Koma, Mao, Afan Mao, Amam, Nokanoka) [kmq]
    • Opuuo-Twampa-Komo languages
      • T’apo (or Opuo, Opuuo, Opúo, Opo, Opo-Shita, Shita, Shitta, Shiita, Ciita, Cita, Ansita, Kina, Kwina, Langa) [lgn]
        • Buldit
        • Kusgilo
      • Twampa-Komo languages
        • Uduk (or Othan, Twampa, Kwanim Pa, Kebeirka, Korara, Kumus, Burun) [udu]
        • Komo (Sudan) (or Como, Koma, Central Koma, South Koma, Gokwom, Hayahaya, Madiin) [xom]
          • Koma of Begi
          • Koma of Daga
          • Beilla
          • Chali
  • Gumuz languages
    • Daats’iin-Southern Gumuz languages
      • Daats’iin [dtn]
      • Southern Gumuz [?]
    • Northern Gumuz [guk]
      • Agalo
      • Dakunza
      • Dekoka
      • Dewiya
      • Disoha
      • Gombo
      • Guba
      • Jemhwa
      • Kukwaya
      • Modea
      • Sai
      • Sese (Gumuz)
      • Sirba
      • Wenbera
      • Yaso
      • Mandura-Dibate-Metemma
        • Dibate
        • Mandura
        • Metemma
Eastern Sudanic languages:
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  • Nyimang languages
    • Afitti (or Affiti, Affitti, Dinik, Ditti, Unietti) [aft]
    • Ama (Sudan) (or Ama-nosa, nOsa, Nyima, Nyiman, Nyimang, Inyimang) [nyi]
  • Northern "K" Eastern Sudanic (NNT) languages"
    • Nara (or Nera, Barea, Barya) [nrb]
    • Nubian languages (see below)
    • Taman languages (see below)
  • Southern "N" Eastern Sudanic (or En Sudanic, Kir–Abbaian) languages"
Nubian languages:
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  • Nobiin Nubian languages
    • Old Nubian (†) [onw]
    • Nobiin (or Nubi, Nile Nubian, Sukot, Mahas-Fiyadikkya, Mahas-Fadidja, Mahas-Fiadidja, Fiadidja-Mahas) [fia]
      • Mahas
      • Fiyadikka (or Fiyadikkya, Fadicca, Fadicha, Fadija, Fiadidja, Fadidja, Fedija, Fedicca)
  • West-Central Nubian languages
    • Midob (Meidob, Midob, Midobi, Tid, Tid-N-Aal, Tidda) [mei]
      • Kaageddi
      • Shelkota
      • Urrti
    • Central Nubian languages
      • Birked (or Birqed, Birgid, Birguid, Birkit, Kajjara, Murgi) (†) [brk]
      • Haraza (†) [?]
      • Kenuzi-Dongola (or Aswan Nubian) languages [kzh] (disabled)
        • Andaandi (or Dongola, Dongolawi, Dongolese, Dongolese Nubian, Upper Aswan Nubian, Sudanese Aswan Nubian) [dgl]
        • Kenuzi (or Kenzi, Kunuz Nubian, Mattoki, Lower Aswan Nubian, Egyptian Aswan Nubian) [xnz]
      • Kordofan Nubian (or Kordofanian, Ajang, Hill Nubian) languages
        • Western Kordofan Nubian languages
          • El Hugeirat (or El Hagarat) [elh]
          • Karko (Sudan) (or Garko, Kithonirishe) [kko]
          • Wali (Sudan) (or Walari, Walarishe) [wll]
          • Dilling (or Dillingo, Delen, Warki, Warkimbe) [dil]
            • Debri
            • Nuclear Dilling
        • Eastern Kordofan Nubian languages
          • Dair (or Daier, Thaminyi) [drb]
          • Uncunwee (or Wuncimbe, Wunci, Ghulfan, Gulfan) [ghl]
          • Kadaru (or Kaderu, Kadero, Kadaro, Kodoro, Kodhin, Kodhinniai) [kdu]
            • Dabatna
            • Kafir
            • Kuldaji (or Koldagi)
            • Kurtala
            • Kururu
            • Nuclear Kadaru
Taman languages:
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Daju languages:
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Eastern Jebel languages:
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Surmic languages:
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Temein languages:
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Eastern Nilotic languages:
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  • Bari-Kakwa-Mandari languages
    • Kakwa (or Bari Kakwa, Kakwak, Kwakwak, Kakua) [keo]
    • Mandari (or Mondari, Mundari, Shir, Chir, Kir) [mqu]
    • Bari (or Nil-Bari, Beri) [bfa]
      • Kuku (or Kukú)
      • Ligo
      • Nyangbara
      • Nyepu
      • Pöjulu
  • Teso-Lotuxo-Maa languages
    • Teso-Turkana languages
      • Teso (or Ateso, Etossio, Bakedi, Bakidi, Elgumi, Ikumama, Wamia) [teo]
      • Turkanic languages
        • Nyangatom (or Inyangatom, Ngiangatom, Dongiro, Donyiro, Idongiro) [nnj]
        • Karamojong (or Karimojong, Karimonjong) [kdj]
          • Dodos
          • Jie
          • Nuclear Karamojong
        • Toposa (or Topotha, Taposa, Akara, Kare, Kumi) [toq]
          • Eastern Toposa
          • Jiye
          • Western Toposa
        • Turkana (or Buma, Bume) [tuv] (disabled)
          • Northern Turkana
          • Southern Turkana
    • Lotuxo-Maa languages
      • Lotuxo languages
        • Dongotono (or Lorwama) [ddd]
        • Lango (Sudan) (or Langgo, Logiri) [lno]
        • Lokoya (or Lokoiya, Lokoja, Loquia, Koyo, Owoi, Lowoi, Loirya, Oirya, Ellyria, Oxoriok, Oxoryok) [lky]
        • Lopit (Loppit, Lopid, Lofit, Lafit, Lafite, Lafiit) [lpx]
        • Otuho (or Otuxo, Lotuho, Lotuxo, Lotuko, Lotuka, Latuka, Lattuka, Latooka, Latuko, Lowudo, Olotorit) [lot]
          • Koriok
          • Logiri
          • Logotok
          • Lomya
          • Lorwama
          • Lowudo
      • Ongamo-Maa languages
        • Ngasa (or Nisgha, Nass-Gitksan, Ongamo, Shaka) [nsg]
        • Nuclear Maa languages
          • Samburu (or Sambur, Sampur, Burkeneji, E Lokop, Lokop, Nkutuk) [saq]
            • Chamus
          • Masai (or Maasai, Kimaasai, Maa, Lumbwa, Oigob) (†) [mas]
            • Arusa
            • Damat
            • Iloodokilani
            • Kaputiei
            • Keekonyokie
            • Kisonko
            • Kore
            • Laitokitok
            • Loitai
            • Matapo
            • Moitanik
            • Parakuyo
            • Purko
            • Siria
Southern Nilotic languages:
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  • Tatoga-Omotik languages
    • Omotik [mwy]
      • Suiei
    • Gemein Datooga languages
      • Biyanjiida
      • North-Central Datooga languages
        • Buraadiiga [?]
        • Isimjeega-Rootigaanga [?]
          • Isimjeega
          • Rootigaanga
        • Barabayiiga-Gisamjanga [tcc]
          • Bajuta of the Eyassi
          • Barabayiiga
          • Gidang’oodiga of Simhha
          • Gisamjanga
  • Kalenjin [kln] macro-language (disabled)
Western Nilotic languages:
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Maba-Kunama languages:
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  • Kunama [kun]
  • Maban languages
    • Mimi of Nachtigal (or Mimi-N) (†) [?]
    • Maban proper languages
      • Kenjeje (or Kendeje) [klf]
        • Yaali
        • Faranga
      • Masalit languages
        • Surbakhal [sbj]
        • Masalit (or Nuclear Masalit, Masala) [mls]
        • Masara (or Massalat) [mdg]
      • Aiki (or Runga-Kitbet) languages
        • Runga (or Roungo) [rou]
        • Kibet (or Kibeit, Kibeet, Kabentang) [kie]
          • Dagal (or Dagel, Daggal)
          • Muru (or Murru, Muro, Mourro)
      • Mabang languages
        • Karanga [kth]
        • Marfa [mvu]
        • Bura Mabang (or Mabang, Maba) [mde]
Central Sudanic languages:
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  • Birri-Kresh languages
    • Birri [bvq]
    • Kresh-Aja languages
  • Core Central Sudanic languages
Kadugli-Krongo (or Kadu, Tumtum) languages:
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  • Keiga [kec]
    • Demik (or Rofik)
    • Nuclear Keiga
      • Aigang
      • Yega
      • Keiga
        • Keiga-Al-Kheil
        • Keiga-Timero
  • Central-Western Kadugli-Krongo languages
    • Tulishi (or Thulishi, Kuntulishi, Tuleshi, Tulesh) [tey]
      • Dar El Kabira
      • Kamda
      • Nuclear Tulishi
    • Katcha-Kadugli-Miri-Kanga languages
    • Krongo-Tumtum languages
Saharan languages:
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  • Eastern Saharan languages
    • Berti (†) [byt]
    • Beria (or Beri-Aa, Beri, Berri, Merida, Zagawa, Zaghawa, Zagaoua, Zeggaoua, Zeghawa, Zorhaua, Soghaua, Zauge, Kebadi, Kuyuk) [zag]
      • Kube
      • Tuba
      • Wagi
        • Anka
        • Dor (Saharan)
        • Kobe
  • Western Saharan languages
    • Tebu (or Tebou, Tebu, Tibbu, Tib-bo, Toubou, Tubu, Tū-bu) languages
      • Tedaga (or Teda, Todaga, Todga, Toda, Tudaga, Tuda) [tuq]
        • Kecherda
      • Dazaga (or Dazza, Daza, Dasa) [dzg]
        • Azzaga
        • Nuclear Dazaga
    • Kanuri (or Kanoury, Kanouri) [kr] macrolanguage (or Kanuri-Kanembu, Bornu, Bornuan, Bornouan languages)
      • Kanembuic languages
        • Tarjumo (or Old Kanembu) (†) [txj]
          • Liturgic Tarjumo
        • Kanembu (or Kanembou, Kanemhu, Kanambu) [kbl]
          • Karkawu
          • Mando
          • Nguri
        • Tumari Kanuri [krt]
          • Kubari
          • Sugurti
          • Tumari
      • Kanuric languages
        • Central Kanuri (or Kolere, Kole, Sirata, Aga, Beriberi, Baribari) [knc]
          • Fadawa
          • Guvja
          • Kabari
          • Kaga
          • Kwayam
          • Lare
          • Maiduguri
          • Mao (Nigeria)
          • Movar
          • Mowor
          • Ngazar
          • Njesko
          • Temageri
          • Yerwa (or Yerwa Kanuri)
        • East Kanuri languages
          • Bilma Kanuri (or Bla Bla) [bms]
            • Bilma
            • Fachi
          • Manga Kanuri [kby]
            • Dagara
            • Manga
Songhai (or Songhay, Songai, Songay, Sonrai, Sonrhai, Songhoy, Songoi, Songoy) languages:
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  • Eastern Songhay (or Songay Senni) languages
  • Northwest Songhay languages
    • Koyra Chiini Songhay (or Koyra Chiini, Timbuktu Songhoy, West Songhoy) [khq]
      • Djenné Chiini
      • Koyra Chiini
    • Northern Songhay languages
      • Korandje (or Kwarandzyey, Belbali, Tabelbala, lbəlbaliyya) [kcy]
      • Tadaksahak (or Dawsahaq, Dausahaq, Daosahaq, Daoussahaq, Daoussak) [dsq]
      • Tasawaq (or Tasawa, Ingelshi) [twq]
      • Tagdal (or Niger Songhay) [tda]
        • Air
        • Azawagh

North Caucasian languages

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Northeast Caucasian (or Nakh-Daghestanian) languages
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Dargwic languages
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  • Chirag [?]
  • Kubachi [?]
  • South Dargwa languages
    • Kajtak [?]
    • Southwestern Dargwa [?]
      • Amuzgu-Shiri
      • Sirhwa-Tanty
      • Sanzhi-Icari
        • Icari
        • Sanzhi
      • Upper-Vurqri
        • Amux
        • Khuduts
        • Qunqi
  • North-Central Dargwa (or Dargi, Dargin, Dargínico, Dargintsy, Kaitak, Khiurkilinskii, Komucki, Kubatschin) [dar]
    • Megeb
    • North Dargwa
      • Cudaxar
      • Gapshin-Butrin
      • Kadarskij
      • Muirin
        • Dejbuk
        • Xarbuk
      • Nuclear North Dargwa
        • Mugin
        • Murego-Gubden
        • Upper Mulebki
        • Aqusha-Uraxi
          • Akusha (or Akhush, Aqusha, Axusha)
          • Uraxa (or Uraxi)
Avar-Andic-Tsezic languages
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  • Avar [av]
    • Ancux
    • Andalal-Gxdatl
    • Bacadin
    • Batlux
    • Hid
    • Karax
    • Kaxib
    • Keleb
    • Kunzakh
    • Salatav
    • Shulanin
    • Untib
    • Zakataly
    • Zaqatala
  • Tsezic languages
    • East Tsezic languages
      • Hunzib (or Gunzib, Enzeb, Khunzal, Khunzaly, Xunzal) [huz]
      • Bezhta (or Kapucha, Kapuchin, Kupuca, Bezhta, Bezheta, Bezhita, Bejila, Bexita, Bezhti, Bechitin) [kap]
        • Khocharkhotin
        • Nuclear Bezhta
        • Tlyadaly
    • West Tsezic languages
      • Hinuq (or Hinukh, Hinux, Hinuj, Ginukh, Ginukhtsy, Ginux, Guang) [gin]
      • Khwarshi-Inkhoqwari [khv]
        • Inxokvari (or Inkhokvari)
        • Xvarshi (or Khvarshi, Khvarshin, Javarsí)
      • Tsez (Tsezy, Cez, Dido, Didoi, Tsuntin) [ddo]
        • Sagadin
  • Andic languages
    • Akhvakh (or Ajvaj, Axvax) [akv]
    • Andi (or Andii, Andiy, Qwannab) [ani]
      • Gagatl
      • Kvanxidatl
      • Munin
      • Rikvani
      • Zilo
    • Chamalal (or Camalal, Chamalin) [cji]
      • Gadyri
      • Gakvari
      • Gigatl
    • Karata (or Karata, Karatai, Karatay, Karatin, Kirdi) [kpt]
      • Anchix
      • Tokita
    • Bagvalal-Tindi languages
      • Tindi (or Idarab mittsi, Tindal, Tindi, Tindin) [tin]
      • Bagvalal (or Bagwalal, Bagulal, Bagvalin, Barbalin, Kvanada, Kvanadin) [kva]
        • Tlisi
    • Botlikh-Godoberi languages
      • Godoberi (or Ghodoberi, Godoberin, Gibdilyi Micci) [gdo]
      • Botlikh (or Botlix, Botlij, Bujxali Micci) [bph]
        • Nuclear Botlikh
        • Zibirkhalin
Lezgic languages
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  • Archi (or Archib, Archin, Archintsy, Archsel, Arshashdib) [aqc]
  • Samur languages
    • Southern Samur languages
      • Budukh (or Boudoukh, Budug, Buduj, Budux) [bdk]
        • Budukhi (or Budugi)
        • Yergyuch
      • Kryz (or Kriz, Kryc, Kryz, Kryzy, or Katsy) [kry]
        • Alyk
        • Dzhek (or Dzek, Dzheki)
        • Kryts
        • Xaput
        • Yergyudzh
    • Northern Samur (or Nuclear Lezgic) languages
      • Western Samur (or West Lezgic) languages
      • Eastern Samur (or East Lezgic) languages
        • Udi-Aghwan languages
          • Aghwan (or Agwan, Caucasian Albanian, Old Udi) (†) [xag]
          • Udi (or Udin, Uti)
            • Nidzh
            • Oghuz (Udi)
            • Oktomberi
        • Tabasaran-Aghul-Lezgi languages
          • Tabasaran
            • South Tabasaran
          • Aghul-Lezgi languages
            • Aghul (or Agul, Aguly, Aghulshuy) [agx]
              • Agul
              • Gekxun
              • Keren
              • Koshan
            • Lezghian (or Lezgian) [lez]
              • Akhty
              • Anykh
              • Garkin
              • Gjunej
              • Kiuri
              • Kubachi (Lezgian)
              • Quba (Lezgian)
              • Stal
Northwest Caucasian (or Abkhaz-Circassian) languages
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Otomanguean languages

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  • Western Otomanguean languages
    • Otopame-Chinantecan languages
    • Tlapanec-Manguean languages (see below)
  • Eastern Otomanguean languages
    • Amuzgo-Mixtecan languages
      • Amuzgoan languages
        • Guerrero Amuzgo
        • Ipalapa Amuzgo
        • San Pedro Amuzgos Amuzgo
      • Mixtecan languages
        • Trique languages
          • Chicahuaxtla Triqui
          • Copala Triqui
          • San Martín Itunyoso Triqui
        • Mixtec-Cuicatec languages
          • Cuicatec languages
            • Tepeuxila Cuicatec
            • Teutila Cuicatec
          • Mixtec languages (see below)
    • Popoloca-Zapotecan languages
Chinantecan languages
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  • Chinantec Group I languages
    • Ojitlán Chinantec
    • Sochiapam Chinantec
    • Usila Chinantec
    • Tlacoatzintepec-Chiltepec languages
      • Chiltepec Chinantec
      • Tlacoatzintepec Chinantec
  • Chinantec Group II languages
    • Palantla Chinantec
    • Tepetotutla Chinantec
  • Chinantec Group III languages
    • Ozumacín Chinantec
    • Valle Nacional Chinantec
  • Chinantec Group IV languages
    • Lalana Chinantec
    • Lealao Chinantec
    • Tepinapa Chinantec
  • Chinantec Group V languages
    • Comaltepec Chinantec
    • Quiotepec Chinantec
Otopamean languages
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  • Chichimeca-Jonaz
  • Matlatzincan languages
    • Atzingo Matlatzinca
    • San Francisco Matlatzinca
  • Otomian languages
    • Mazahua languages
      • Central Mazahua
      • Michoacán Mazahua
    • Otomi languages (see below)
    • Southwestern Otomi languages
      • Estado de México Otomi
      • Temoaya Otomi
  • Pamean languages
    • Central Pame
    • Northern Pame
    • Southern Pame
Otomi languages
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  • Eastern Otomi languages
    • Eastern Highland Otomi
    • Tenango Otomi
    • Texcatepec Otomi
  • Northwestern Otomi languages
    • Mezquital Otomi
    • Querétaro Otomi
  • Southern Otomi languages
    • Ixtenco Otomi
    • Tilapa Otomi
Tlapanec-Manguean languages
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  • Manguean languages
    • Chiapanec
    • Mangue
  • Subtiaba-Tlapanec languages
    • Subtiaba
    • Mephaa languages
      • Acatepec Me’phaa
      • Azoyú Me’phaa
      • Malinaltepec Me’phaa
      • Tlacoapa Me’phaa
Mixtec languages
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  • Amoltepec Mixtec
  • Mixtepec Mixtec
  • Tezoatlán Mixtec
  • Central Baja Mixtec languages
  • Coast Mixtec languages
  • Eastern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Guerrero Mixtec languages
  • Northeastern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Northern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Northern Baja Mixtec languages
  • Southern Baja Mixtec languages
  • Western Alta Mixtec languages
Popolocan-Mazatecan languages
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  • Ixcatec
  • Chocho-Popolocan languages
    • Chocholtec
    • Popolocan languages
      • Coyotepec Popoloca
      • Mezontla Popoloca
      • San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca
      • San Juan Atzingo Popoloca
      • San Luís Temalacayuca Popoloca
      • San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca
      • Santa Inés Ahuatempan Popoloca
  • Mazatecan languages
    • Mazatec A languages
      • San Jerónimo Tecóatl Mazatec
      • Soyaltepec Mazatec
    • Mazatec B languages
      • Chiquihuitlán Mazatec
      • Jalapa De Díaz Mazatec
      • Central East Baja Mazatec languages
        • Ayautla Mazatec
        • Ixcatlán Mazatec
    • Mazatec C languages
      • Huautla Mazatec
      • Mazatlán Mazatec
Zapotecan languages
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  • Chatino languages (see below)
  • Zapotec (or Zapoteco, Sapoteko) macrolanguage [zap] (disabled)
    • Soltec (†) [?]
    • Nuclear Zapotec languages (or San Felipe Tejalapan Zapotec, San Felipe Tejalápam Zapotec)
      • Core Zapotec languages
      • Papabuco languages
        • Elotepec Zapotec (or Northern Zapotec) [zte]
          • San Juan Elotepec Zapotec
        • Zaniza Zapotec [zpw]
          • Asunción Tlacolulita Zapotec
        • Texmelucan Zapotec [zpz]
          • Central Sola de Vega Zapotec
          • San Felipe Tejalapan Zapotec (or San Felipe Tejalápam Zapotec)
          • San Lorenzo Texmelucan Zapotec
      • Coatec languages
        • San Vicente Coatlán Zapotec (or Southern Ejutla Zapotec) [zpt]
        • Coatlan-Loxicha Zapotec languages
          • San Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec [zpx]
            • Northwestern Pochutla Zapotec
            • San Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec (or San Baltázar Loxicha Zapotec)
          • Coatlán Zapotec [zps]
            • Copalita Zapotec
            • Loxicha Zapotec
            • Miahuatec
            • Miahuatlan
            • San Miguel Zapotec
            • San Vicente Coatlán Zapotec
            • Santa María Coatlán Zapotec
            • Southern Ejutla Zapotec
            • Southern Mountain Zapotec
            • Western Miahuatlán Zapotec
            • Western Pochutla Zapotec
      • West Zapotec (or Zimatlán) languages
        • Totomachapan Zapotec (or Western Zimatlán Zapotec) [zph]
          • San Pedro Totomachapan Zapotec
        • West-Central West Zapotec languages
          • El Alto Zapotec (or Southern Zapotec) [zpp]
            • South Central Zimatlan Zapotec
            • Asunción Tlacolulita Zapotec
            • San Pedro El Alto Zapotec
          • Lachixío Zapotec (or Eastern Zapotec, Dialu) [zpl]
            • Eastern Sola de Vega Zapotec
            • Mixtepe Zapotec
            • Petapa Zapotec
            • San Bartolo Yautepec Zapotec
Chatino languages
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  • Teojomulco Chatino
  • Core Chatino languages
    • Zenzontepec Chatino
    • Coastal Chatino languages
      • Tataltepec Chatino
      • Eastern Chatino languages
        • Eastern Highland Chatino
        • Nopala Chatino
        • Zacatepec Chatino
        • Western Highland Chatino
Central Core Zapotec languages
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  • Asunción Mixtepec Zapotec
  • Ayoquesco Zapotec
  • Chichicapan Zapotec
  • Guevea De Humboldt Zapotec
  • Güilá Zapotec
  • Isthmus Zapotec
  • Lachiguiri Zapotec
  • Mazaltepec Zapotec
  • Ocotlán Zapotec
  • Petapa Zapotec
  • Quiavicuzas Zapotec
  • San Pedro Quiatoni Zapotec
  • Santa Catarina Albarradas Zapotec
  • Santa María Quiegolani Zapotec
  • Santo Domingo Albarradas Zapotec
  • Tejalapan Zapotec
  • Tilquiapan Zapotec
  • Zaachila Zapotec
  • Mitla Zapotec
  • San Juan Guelavía Zapotec
  • Santa Inés Yatzechi Zapotec
Northern Core Zapotec languages
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  • Aloápam Zapotec
  • Choapan Zapotec
  • Rincón Zapotec
  • Sierra de Juárez Zapotec
  • Southeastern Ixtlán Zapotec
  • Southern Rincon Zapotec
  • Tabaa Zapotec
  • Yalálag Zapotec
  • Yareni Zapotec
  • Yatee Zapotec
  • Yatzachi Zapotec
  • Cajonos Zapotec
  • Zoogocho Zapotec
Southern Core Zapotec languages
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  • Amatlán Zapotec
  • Coatecas Altas Zapotec
  • Lapaguía-Guivini Zapotec
  • Santiago Xanica Zapotec
  • Tlacolulita Zapotec
  • Xadani Zapotec
  • Xanaguía Zapotec
  • Miahuatec languages
    • Cuixtla-Xitla Zapotec
    • San Agustín Mixtepec Zapotec
    • Yautepec Zapotec
    • Loxicha Zapotec
    • Ozolotepec Zapotec
  • Mixtepec-Quioquitani-Quieri Zapotec languages
    • Mixtepec Zapotec
    • Quioquitani-Quieri Zapotec

Pano-Tacanan languages

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  • Tacanan languages (see below)
  • Panoan languages
    • Mayoruna (or Magirona, Majoruna, Maxirona, Maxuruna, Mayiruna, Mayuzuna) languages (see below)
    • Mainline Pano languages
      • Pano Nawa languages (see below)
      • Kaxarari (or Kaxararí, Kaxariri, Kashararí, Cacharari) [ktx]
      • Cashibo-Cacataibo (or Kashibo-Kakataibo, Managua, Hagueti) [cbr]
        • Cacataibo de Mariscal
        • Cacataibo de Sinchi Roca
        • Cashibo (or Cachibo, Cacibo, Cahivo, Caxibo, Caxinyo, Kashibo, Kashibu)
Tacanan languages
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  • Cavineña (or Kavinenya) [cav]
  • Mabenaro (†) [?]
  • Takanik-Chamik languages
    • Ese Ejja (or Ese Exa, Ese’eha, Guacanawa, Tambopata-Guarayo, Huarayo, Tiatinagua, Chama, Chuncho) [ese]
    • Takanik languages
Mayoruna (or Magirona, Majoruna, Maxirona, Maxuruna, Mayiruna, Mayuzuna) languages
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  • Mayoruna-Tabatinga
  • Mayo group languages
    • Matis subgroup languages
      • Matis (or Matís) [mpq]
      • Mayoruna-Amazon (†) [?]
      • Mayoruna-Jandiatuba (†) [?]
    • Matses subgroup languages
      • Demushbo (†) [?]
      • Korubo (or Caceteiros, Chankuëshbo) [xor]
      • Kulina Pano (or Culina, Culino, Kulino, Kulina) [xpo]
      • Matsés (or Matse, Mayoruna-Matsés) [mcf]
Pano-Nawa languages
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  • Cashinawa of the Tarauacá river (†) [?]
  • Remo of the Blanco river (†) [?]
  • Tuxinawa (or Tuxináwa, Tutxinawa, Tuxinaua, Tuchinaua, Tushinawa) (†) [tux]
  • Madre de Dios Pano languages
    • Arazaire (†) [?]
    • Atsahuaca (or Astahuaca, Atsawaka, Yamaca, Yamaka) (†) [atc]
  • Marubo subgroup languages
    • Marubo (or Marúbo, Marobo, Maruba, Marova) [mzr]
    • Panoan Katukína (or Kaniuá, Katukína, Catuquina, Kamanawa, Kamannaua, Wanninawa) [knt]
      • Ararapina
      • Arara-Shawanawa
      • Ararawa
      • Sanainawa
  • Bolivian Nawa languages
    • Chácobo (or Shinabo) [cao]
    • Chiriva (†) [?]
    • Karipuna (†) [?]
    • Pacahuara (or Acahuara, Pacaguara, Pakaguara, Pacawara, Pakawara) [pcp]
  • Chama subgroup languages
    • Panobo (or Pánobo, Huariapano, Wariapano, Pelado) (†) [pno]
    • Sensi (or Tenti) (†) [sni]
    • Shipibo-Konibo-Kapanawa languages
      • Capanahua (or Kapanawa) [kaq]
        • Pahenbaquebo
      • Shipibo-Conibo (or Shipibo-Konibo, Tschama) [shp]
        • Conibo
        • Pisquibo
        • Shetebo
        • Shipibo
        • Shipibo del Madre de Dios
  • Poyanawa subgroup languages
    • Isconahua (or Iskonawaà, Iscobakebo, Iscobaquebu) [isc]
    • Nawa (†) [?]
    • Poyanawa (or Poyanáwa, Poianáua, Poyannawa, Puinahua, Puyanawa) (†) [pyn]
    • Remo of the Jaquirana river (†) [?]
    • Nukuini (or Nukini, Nuquini, Nucuini, Inukuini) (†) [nuc]
      • Cuyanawa
  • Headwaters Pano languages
    • Cashinahua (or Cashinahuá, Caxinawa, Caxinawá, Kashinawa, Kashinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxinaua, Kaxinauá, Kaxinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxynawa, Hãtxa Kuĩ (Huni Kuin), Tuxinawa) [cbs]
    • Remo of the Moa river (†) [rem]
    • Amahuaca (or Amawaka, Amaguaco, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco) [amc]
      • Inuvaken
      • Viwivakeu
    • Yaminawa complex languages
      • Shanenawa (or Katukina Shanenawa) [swo]
      • Yawanawa (or Yawanawá, Yahuanahua, Jawanaua, Iauanauá, Shanenawa) [ywn]
      • Yora [mts]
      • Sharanahua (or Sharanawa, Parquenahua) [mcd]
        • Chandinahua
        • Marinahua
        • Mastanahua
      • Yaminahua (or Yaminawa, Jaminawá, Yamanawa, Yawanawa, Yuminahua, Morunahua) [yaa]
        • Chitonahua
        • Nuclear Yaminahua

Pama-Nyungan languages

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  • Roth's Gugu Warra (or Kuku-Wara, Coo-coo-warra, Coo-oo-warra, Gugu-Warra, Guguwarra, Koko Wara, Kokowara, Kokowarra, Kookawarra, Koko Laia, Aghu Laia, Aku Laia, Laia) (†) [wrw]
  • Warrgamay (Waragamai, Warakamai, Warkamai, Wargamay, Wargamaygan, Bijai, Biyay, Bandjin, Bungabara, Ikelbara, Herbert River tribe) [wgy]
  • Dyirbal (or Djirbal, Djirbaldji, Djiribal, Djirubal, Dyalnguy, Dyarbal, Dyirbaldyi, Dyirbalngan, Jirrbal, Tjirbal, Tyirbal, Chirpa, Chirpalji, Choolngai, Djalnguy, Ngiloongo-I, Njirma) [dbl]
    • Dyiru
    • Girramy
    • Gulnguy
    • Mamu
    • Ngadjan
  • Kala Lagaw Ya [mwp]
    • Kalaw Kawaw
  • Ganaic languages (†)
    • Birrdhawal (†) [ihw]
    • Ganai (or Gaanay, Ganai, Gooni, Cunni, Gunna, Gunnai, Gunai, Kunnai Kurnai, Kurnay) (†) [unn]
  • Kalkatungic languages (†)
    • Kalkutung (or Kalkatunga, Kalkatungu, Galgadungu, Kalkadoon, Calcadoon, Kalkadun, Galgaduun, Kalkadung, Galgadung, Kalkadunga, Kalkaladoona, Kalka-donna, Kalkatongo, Kulkadoon, Kulkodone, Maithakari, Mantaba, Roongkari, Rungkari, Waggaboonyah, Waggabundi, Wakabunga, Workabunga, Worgabunga, Waukaboonia, Workoboongo, Wakobungo) (†) [ktg]
    • Yalarnnga (or Yalarrnga, Yallunga, Jalanga, Yelina, Yellanga, Yellunga, Wonganja) (†) [ylr]
  • Macleay-New England languages (†)
    • Dyangadi (or Djaingadi, Djan-Gadi, Djangadi, Dangadi, Danggadi, Dianggati, Daingatti, Dainggati, Dang-getti, Dhang-atty, Dhangatty, Dhanggati, Dhanggatti, Dangati, daNati, Ghangatty, Thangatti, Thangatty, Thungatti, Danggetti, Danghetti, Tangetti, Tang-gette, Dangali, Danggali, Dunggudi, Dhungutti, Dunghutti, Tungarlee, Tongaranka, Burrgati, Burgadi, Burugardi, Boorkutti, Jang, Yung, Yunggai, Amberu, Himberrong, Ngaku, Nulla Nulla, Macleay Valley language) (†) [dyn]
    • Nganyaywana (or Nganjaywana, Anaiwan, Anaywan, Anewan, Aniwan, Dariwan, Inuwan, Inuwon, Ee-na-won, Eenewon, Enni-won, Yenniwon, Nee-inuwon, En-nee-win, Eneewin, Enuin, Narwo, Nowan) (†) [nyx]
  • Rockhampton-Gladstone (or Wandandian (?), Yetimarala) languages (†)
    • Bayali (or Baiali, Biyali, Bieli, Byellee, Byellel) (†) [bjy]
    • Dharumbal (Darumbal, Tharumbal, Tarumbal, Darambal, Darawal, Warabal, Urambal, Charumbul, Tarumbul, Orambul, Ningebal, Guñmal, Kungmal, Koinjmal, Mamburra, Kuinmurbara, Kooinmarburra, Kooinmerburra, Kungalburra) (†) [xgm]
  • Yarli-Baagandji languages
    • Paakantyi (or Paakantji, Parkengee, Parkungi, Southern Baagandji, Cornu, Kornu, Kurnu, Kuno, Koono, Guerno, Darling River language) [drl]
      • Bagundji (or Bahkunji, Bahkunjy, Barkungee, Bargunji, Baagandji, Bakandi, Bakanji, Barkandj, Barkindji, Barkinji)
      • Kula (Australia)
      • Wiljakali
    • Yarli (†) [?]
      • Malyangapa
      • Wadikali
      • Yardliyawarra
  • Nyawaygic languages
    • Nyawaygi (or Nyawigi, Nawagi, Yi (Australia), Lolo (Australia), Geugagi) [nyt]
    • Wulguru (or Wulgurukaba) (†) [qgu]
    • Yuru (†) [ljx]
  • East Queensland Border Pama Nyungan languages
    • Yagara-Jandai (†) [?]
      • Jandai
      • Yagara
    • Yugambalic languages
      • Guyambal (†) [?]
      • Yugambal-Bigambal languages
        • Bigambal (or Bigambul, Bigumbil) (†) [xbe]
        • Yugambal (or Yukambal, Jukambal, Jukamba, Yugumbal, Yukumba, Yookambul, Yukumbul, Yookumbul, Yukambil, Jukambil, Yookumbil, Yookumbill, Yoocumbill, Ukumbil, Yukumbil, Yugumbil, Jugumbir, Yurimbil, Yoocomble, Yookumble, Ucumble, Yugabeh, Yugambeh, Yacambal, Kwaimbal, Minjanbal, Minjangbal, Minyowa, Minyung, Ngarabal, Ngarrbal, Ngarrabul, Ngarrubul, Manaldjali, Pregalgh, Boggangar) [yub]
  • Ngarna languages
    • Yanyuwa (or Janjula, Yanyula, Yanula, Yanular, Anyuwa, Anuwa, Anyoola, Aniula, Anjula, Anyula, Anula, Unalla, Iangkala, Yangala, Njangga, Njangkala, Leanawa, Leeanuwa, Wadere, Waderi, Wadiri, Yuggamurra, Djirukurumbant) [jao]
    • Southern Ngarna languages
      • Ngarru languages
        • Wagaya (or Waggaia, Wagaja, Wagaiau, Wakaja, Wakaya, Wakkaja, Warkaia, Warkya, Waagai, Wagai, Waagi, Wogaia, Worgaia, Worgai, Workaia, Workia, Woorkia, Workii, Arkiya, Akaja, Ukkia, Lee-wakya, Leewakya, Leeweakya) [wga]
        • Yindjilandji (or Indjilandji, Injdjiladji, Yinjilanji, Inchalanche, Inchalachee, Indjilindji, Injilinji, Indkilindji, Indjurandji, Intjilatja, Dhidhanu) [yil]
      • Thawa languages
        • Bularnu (†) [?]
        • Warluwara (or Warluwarra, Waluwara, Walugara, Walukara, Waloo-kera, Walookera, Walugera, Wlookera, Wolga, Wollegara, Wollegarra, Elookera, Wallawarra, Walgra, Parnkarra, Yannalinka, Yunnalinka, Maula, Mauula, Mawula, Kapula, Didjadidja) [wrb]
  • Yimidhirr-Yalanji-Yidinic languages
    • Guugu Yimidhirr (or Gugu-Yimidhirr, Guugu-Yimidhirr, Gu.gu Yimidir, Gugu Yimijir, Guguyimidjir, Guugu Yimithirr, Gogo-Yimidjir, Gug-Imudji, Kuku Yimidyi, Kukuyimidir, Kokoyimidir, Koko Yimidir, Koko-jimidir, Kokojimoji, Koko Imudji, Jimidir, Jimudji, Emoji, I:du Imudji, Ithu Jidhu, Kookoyuma, Kookoymma, Bulpoonarra Djidjul, Bulponara, Boolcanara, Bullangi, Balara, Jungkurara, Junkara, Kalay, Galai, Garburnga) [kky]
    • Yalandyic languages
      • Djangun (or Djankun, Dyangun, Dyangunbari, Djungan, Djandnandi, Jangun Djanggun, Gugu Djangun, Gugu Dyangun, Kokotjangun, Kuu Jangkun, Shanganburra, Chunkunburra, Changunberries, Chunkumberries, Chunkunberry, Chungki, Koko-Tyankun, Koko-Mudju, Kokomutju, Mutju, Mutyu, Butju, Ngaigungo, Ngaikungo, Ngaikungo-I, Ngaikungu, Adho-Adhom) (†) [djf]
      • Muluridyi [vmu]
      • Kuku-Yalanji [gvn]
        • Kuku-Biraji
        • Kuku-Nyungkul
    • Yidinic languages
      • Dyaabugay (or Tjabakai-Thandji, Tjabogaijanji ,Tjabogaitjandji, Tajbogaijanji, Tjapukai, Tjapukandji, Tjapunkandji, Tjapukanja, Tjankun, Tjankir, Tjunbundji, Koko-Tjumbundji, Koko-Tjumbun, Kokonyungalo, Kokoyungalo, Kokonjunkulu, Kikonjunkulu, Kodgotto, Check-Cull, Chewlie, Bulum-Bulum, Binggu, Hileman, Orlow, Barron River dialect) [dyy]
        • Gulay (Dyaabugay)
        • Njakali (or Nyakali, Ngarlkajie)
        • Nuclear Dyaabugay (or Dyabugai, Dyabugay, Dyabugandyi, Djabugai, Djabugay)
      • Yidiñ (or Charroogin, Djumbandji, Jumbandjie, Gerrah, Mungerra, Mungera, Mungera Ohalo, Gillah, Gijow, Woggil, Bolambi, Boolboora, Peulloburra, Pegullobura, Pegullo-Bura, Yukkaburra, Warryboora, Warra-Warra, Maiara, Myarah, Maimbi, Maimbie, Mulgrave River dialect, Eneby, Deba, Ilba, Guwamal, Kitba) [yii]
        • Gunggay
        • Madyay
        • Nuclear Yidiny (or Yidini, Yidindji, Yidindyi, Yiddinji,, Idindji, Idinji, Indindji, Jidindji, Yidin, Idin, Idi:, Itti, Yiti-ntyi, Yitintyi, Yetinji, Yettingie, Yellingie, Idin-Wudjar, Wudjar)
  • Yuulngu languages (see below)
  • Karnic languages (see below)
  • Arandic-Thura-Yura languages (see below)
  • Greater Maric languages (see below)
  • Desert Nyungic languages (see below)
  • South-West Pama-Nyungan languages (see below)
  • Southeastern Pama-Nyungan languages (see below)
  • Paman languages (see below)
Yuulngu languages
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Karnic languages
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Arandic-Thura-Yura languages
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  • Arandic languages
    • Kaytetye (or Kaititje, Kaitije, Kaititja, Kaitidji, Kaitiji, Kaititj, Kaitish, Kaytej, Kat-tit-ya, Katitja, Katitya, Kat-titch-a, Katitch-a, Katitcha, Kadda-kie, Kaddakie, Kaiditj, Gaididj) [gbb]
    • Lower Southern Aranda (or Lower Aranda, Alitera, Arinta, Arrinda, Arrunta, Arrundta, Arunda, Arunndta, Arunta, Arunta Bu, Arunta Ulpma, Ulpma, Ilpma, Aldolanga, Aldolinga) (†) [axl]
    • Aranda (or A'randa, Arranda, Aranta, Arrernta, Arrernte, Herrinda, Jairunda, Ur-rundie, Urrundie, Waitjinga, Wonggaranda, Wongkatjeri, Wychinga, Burrin-gah, Oiljpma, Paroola) languages
      • Alyawarr (or Aliawara, Alyawara, Alyawarra, Aljawara, Alja:wara, Aliwara, Ilyawara, Ilyauarra, Iljauara, Iljawara, Ilja:wara, Illiaura, Ilyaurra, Iliaura, Iljaura, Alyawarre, Ilawara, Illaura, Ilyowra, Illyowra, Ilyuarra, Illura, Iloura, Ilywara, Jaljuwara, Yalyuwara, Yowera) [aly]
      • Andegerebinha (or Andegerebenha, Andeberegina, Andakerebina, Antekerrepenh, Antekerrepinhe, Andigibinha, Antakiripina, Undekerebina, Willi-willi, Williwilli, Walwallie, Yanindo) [adg]
        • Ayerrerenge (or Ayerreyenge, Aroinga, Yaringa, Jarionga, Jaroinga, Yaroinga, Yarroinga, Yarrowin, Yorrawinga, Yorrowinga, Yuruwinga, Jurangka, Bulanu, Bularnu, Bulanja, Pulanja, Manda)
      • Anmatyerre (or Anmatjara, Anmatjera, Anmatjirra, Imatjera, Inmatjera, Janmadjara, Yanmedjara, Janmatjiri, Yandmadjari, Nmatjera, Unmatjera, Urmitchee) [amx]
        • Eastern Anmatyerre
        • Western Anmatyerre
      • Eastern Arrernte (or Eastern Aranda, Eastern and Central Arrernte, Mparntwe Arrernte, Pitjapitja, Pitjima) [aer]
        • Akarre
        • Antekerrepenh
        • Ikngerripenhe
        • Mparntwe Arrernte
      • Western Arrarnta (or Western Aranda, Western Arranta, Western Arrarnte, Western Arrernte) [are] (disabled)
        • Akerre
  • Thura-Yura languages
    • Wirangu (or Warrangoo, Wirrongu, Wirongu, Wironguwongga, Weerung, Wirrung, Wirrunga, Wirangga, Wangon, Wanggan, Wambira, Wanbiri, Warna-biri, Nonga, Nhangga, Njangga, Nyangga, Ngadha Wangga, Ngadhu Wangga, Ngoleiadjara, Ulbarara, Youlbara, Yulbara, Yulbara wonga, Tidni, Tidnie, Titnie, Hilleri, Hillery, Illarie, Yilrea, Jilbara, Wilyaru, Willeuroo, Willuro, Julbari Wonnga, Naljara, Nhawu, Windakan, Kartawongulta) (†) [wgu]
    • Core Thura Yura languages
      • Nauo (†) [nwo]
      • Ngadjuri (†) [?]
      • Nugunu (Australia) (or Nukunnu, Nukunu, Pukunna, Nuguna, Nu-guna, Njuguna, Nokunna, Nookoona, Noocoona, Nukuna, Nukunna, Nukana, Barutadura, Doora, Tura, Tjura, Tyura, Eura, Warra, Wongaidja, Wongaidya) (†) [nnv]
      • Southern Thura-Yura languages
        • Kaurna
        • Narungga (or Narunga, Nanunga, Nar-anga, Naranga, Narangga, Narranga, Narrang-gu, Narranggu, Narrang-u, Narrangu, Moor-in-nunjie, Murinandji, Wallaroo Tribal) [nnr]
          • Adjabdurah (or Adjahdurah, Adjadura, Adjahdural)
          • Turra
      • Northern Thura-Yura languages
        • Adnyamathanha (or Adnyamathana, Adynyamathanha, Ad'n'amadana, Atnyamathanha, Anyamatana, Anjiwatana, Anjimatana, Anjamutina, Keydnjamarda, Keydnjmarda, Kanjimata, Benbakanjamata, Gadjnjamada, Kutchamoota, Kudnamietha, Wailbi, Wailpi, Waljbi, Wipie, Nimalda, Nimbalda, Nimbaldi, Nuralda, Mardala, Mardula, Archualda, Binbarnja, Jandali, Umbertana, Unyamootha) [adt]
        • Banggarla (†) [bjb]
        • Guyani (or Gujani, Cooyiannie, Kooyiannie, Kujani, Kuyani, Kuyanni, Kwiani, Kwiana, Kijani, Koonarie, Kooteeuna, Kooteeunna, Kooyeeunna, Nganitjidi, Ngannityiddi, Owinia) (†) [gvy]
Greater Maric languages
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Desert Nyungic languages
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South-West Pama-Nyungan languages
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Southeastern Pama-Nyungan languages
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Paman languages
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  • Gugadj (or Kalibamu, Konggada, Kukatj, Kukatji) (†) [ggd]
  • Mbara-Yanga (†) [mvl]
    • Mbara (Australia) (or Ambara, Bargal, Kumbulmara) (†)
    • Yanga (Australia) (or Midjamba, Mitjamba) (†)
  • Finasleigh Pama languages
    • Mbabaram (or Mbara, Koko-Beberam, Gugu-Mbabaram, Umbarbaram, Umbarbarem, Oombarbarum, Oombarrmbarum, Woombarbarram, Woombarrmbar, Woombarrmbarra, Wumbabaram, Mogmbabarum, Mogmnanarim, Morruburra, Boobu-ram, Booburam, Barbaram, Barbarem, Barbarum, Balbarum, Bar-barum, Kumbulmara, Kwearriburra, Queeariburra, Illagona, Mitjamba, Warrialgona) (†) [vmb]
    • Wamin (or Agwamin, Ak Waumin, Ak-Waumin, Waumin, Wawmin, Ewamin, Egwamin, Gwamin, Wamin, Walamin, Walming, Wimanja, Wommin, Wailoolo, Wakaman, Warkaman, Warkamin, Warkeeman, Warkeemon) [wmi]
  • Lamalamic languages
    • Rimanggudhinma (or Rimanggudinhma, Rimang-Gudinhma, Rima-nggudininhma, Mbariman-Gudhinma, Bariman Gudinhma, Bariman Gutinhma, Parimankutinma, Port Stewart Lamalama) [zmv]
    • Coastal Lamalamic languages
      • Lamalama (or Lama-Lama, Lamu-Lamu, Lamulamul, Korko Lama Lama, Barum Bathama, Mba Rrumbathama, Mba Rumbathama, Mbarrumbathama, Bakanambia) [lby]
      • Umbuygamu (or Umbuigamu, Umpuykumu, Umbindhamu, Moroba-Lama, Morrabalama, Morrobalama, Morrobolam, Banjigam, Barungguan, Barunguan, Baka, Ganganda, Njindingga, Jintjingga, Yintjingga, Kuuku-yani) [umg]
  • Mayabic languages
    • Mayaguduna (or Mayi-Kutuna, Mayi-Kutana, Maigudina, Maikudun, Maikudung, Maigudung, Maikudunu, Mayagoondoon, Mika-doon, Mikoodoono, Mikoolun, Mygoodan, Mygoodano) [xmy]
    • Nuclear Mayabic languages
      • Ngawun (or Ngaon, Ngaun, Naungaun, Nouun) [nxn]
      • Maykulan (or Wunamara) (†) [mnt]
        • Mayi-Kulan (or Mayi-kulan, Maykulan, Maikulan, Maikolon, Maikulung, Makulu, Micoolan, Mikkoolan, Mykoolan, Mykoo-lan, Mygoolan, Miccoolin, Mikoolun, Mycoolon, Mykulau) (†)
        • Mayi-Thakurti (†)
        • Mayi-Yapi (†)
  • Alaya-Athima languages
    • Thaypanic languages (†)
      • Aghu Tharnggalu (or Aghu, Aghu Tharnggala, Aghu-Tharnggala, Aghu-Tharrnggala, Agu-Tarnggele, Aku-Danggela, Darnggele, Darnggelle, Ikarranggali, Gogo Mini, Kuku-Mini) (†) [ggr]
      • Thaypan (or Kuku Thaypan, Kuku-Thaypan, Gugu Dhayban, Kokowara, Coo-coo-warra, Awu Laya, Awu-Alaya, Wu-Laya, Laya, Koko Laia) (†) [typ]
    • Southwestern Alaya-Athima languages
      • Athima (†) [?]
      • Kawarrang-Ogh Undjan (†) [?]
      • Kunjen (or Kundjin, Kunjin, Kun’djan, ’Kundjan, Koonjan, Ngundjan, Kokoyan, Koko Kuntjan, Koka-Koonjin, Kukumindjen, Kukuminjen, Guguminjen, Gundjun) [kjn]
        • Ogh Awarrangg (or Oggonjin, Ogh-Undyan, Ogondyan)
        • Oykangand (or Uw Oykangand, Okundjain)
        • Ulkulu
    • Central Alaya-Athima languages
      • Ikaranggal (or Ikarranggali, Aghu Tharnggalu) (†) [ikr]
      • Tagalaka (or Takalak, Tarkalag, Tagalag, Targa-lag, Targalag, Da:galag, Dagalag, Dagalang) [tgz]
  • Norman Pama languages
  • Southwest Pama languages
  • Northern Pama languages
  • Compromise Middle Pama languages

Quechuan languages

Quechua macrolanguage
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Sino-Tibetan languages

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Tibeto-Burmese languages
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  • Gongduk
  • Luren
  • Nam
  • Bodic languages (see below)
  • Himalayish languages (see below)
  • Brahmaputran languages (see below)
  • Karenic languages (see below)
  • Kho-Bwa languages (see below)
  • Macro-Tani languages (see below)
  • Dhimalish languages
    • Dhimal
    • Toto
  • Kuki-Chin-Naga languages
  • Kman-Meyor languages
    • Kman
    • Zakhring
  • Digarish (or Digaro) languages
    • Idu
    • Tawra
  • Miji languages
    • Bangru
    • Sajolang
  • Mruic languages
    • Anu
    • Mru
  • Tujia languages
    • Northern Tujia
    • Southern Tujia
  • Nungish languages
    • Rawang
    • Gunong languages
      • Drung
      • Nung (Myanmar)
  • Raji-Raute languages
    • Raji
    • Raute-Rawat languages
      • Raute
      • Rawat
  • Macro-Bai languages
    • Longjia
    • Caijia-Baic languages
      • Caijia
      • Baic languages
        • Northern Bai
        • South-Central Bai languages
          • Central Bai
          • Southern Bai
  • Burmo-Qiangic languages
    • Na-Qiangic languages (see below)
    • Lolo-Burmese languages
      • Pai-lang
      • Ugong
      • Burmish languages (see below)
      • Loloish languages (see below)
      • Mondzish languages
        • Thou-Kathu
        • Nuclear Mondzish languages
          • Maang
          • Mango (China)
          • Mantsi
          • Maza
          • Mondzi
          • Muangphe
Bodic languages
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  • Kaike-Ghale-Tamangic languages (see below)
  • West Himalayish languages (see below)
  • Bodish languages
    • Basum
    • Tshangla-East Bodish languages (see below)
    • Early Old Tibetan languages
      • Classical Tibetan
      • Western Archaic Tibetan languages
        • Changthang
        • Kenhatic languages
          • Leh-Kenhat
          • Zangskari
        • Shamskatic languages
          • Balti
          • Purik-Sham-Nubra
      • Middle Old Tibetan languages
        • Amdo Tibetan
        • Late Old Tibetan languages
          • Central Tibetan languages (see below)
          • Southern Tibetic languages (see below)
          • Kham-Hor languages
            • Khams Tibetan
            • Tseku
          • Eastern Tibetic languages
            • Baima
            • Choni
            • Zhongu
          • Lahauli-Spiti languages
            • Bhoti Kinnauri
            • Stod Bhoti
            • Tukpa
            • Spiti-Jad languages
              • Jad
              • Spiti Bhoti
Kaike-Ghale-Tamangic languages
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  • Kaike
  • Ghale-Tamangic languages
    • Ghale languages
      • Kutang Ghale
      • Northern Ghale
      • Southern Ghale
    • Tamangic languages
      • Seke (Nepal)
      • Nuclear Tamang languages
        • Eastern Gorkha Tamang
        • Eastern Tamang
        • Western Tamang
      • Gurungic languages
        • Gurung
        • Manangba-Nar-Phu languages
          • Manange
          • Nar Phu
        • Thakali-Chantyal languages
          • Chantyal
          • Thakali
West Himalayish languages
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  • Eastern West Himalayish languages
    • Central-Eastern West Himalayish languages
    • Pithauragarh languages
      • Rangkas
      • Darma-Byangsi-Chaudangsi languages
        • Chaudangsi
        • Darma-Byangsi languages
          • Byangsi
          • Darma
  • Western West Himalayish languages
    • Lahaulic languages
      • Pattani
      • Tinani
    • Kinnauric languages
      • Chitkuli Kinnauri
      • Kanashi
      • Kinnauri
      • Thebor languages
        • Jangshung
        • Shumcho
Tshangla-East Bodish languages
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  • Tshanglic languages
    • Kalaktang Monpa
    • Tshangla
  • East Bodish languages
    • Olekha
    • Mainstream East Bodish languages
      • Dakpa-Dzala languages
        • Dakpakha
        • Dzalakha
      • Phobjib-Chali-Bumthangic languages
        • Nyenkha
        • Chali-Bumthangic languages
          • Chalikha
          • Bumthangic languages
            • Bumthangkha
            • Khengkha
            • Kurtokha
Central Tibetan languages
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  • Tibetan [bo]
  • South-Western Tibetic languages
    • Humla
    • Lhomi
    • Lowa
    • Mugom
    • Walungge
    • Dolpo-Tichurong languages
      • Dolpo
      • Tichurong
    • Sherpa-Jirel languages
      • Jirel
      • Sherpaic languages
        • Naaba
        • Solu-Khumbu Sherpa
    • Kyirong-Kagate languages
      • Tsum
      • Gyalsumdo-Nubri-Kyirong languages
        • Gyalsumdo-Nubri
        • Kyerung
      • Yolmo-Kagate languages
        • Kagate
        • Lamjung-Melamchi Yolmo
Southern Tibetic languages
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  • Brokpake
  • Dur Brokkat
  • Lakha
  • Khamba
  • Dzongkhic languages
    • Chocangacakha
    • Groma
    • Sikkimese
    • Nuclear Dzongkhic languages
Himalayish languages
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  • Lepcha (or Róng) [lep]
  • Lhokpu
  • Mahakiranti languages
    • Kiranti languages (see below)
    • Newaric languages
    • Kham-Magar-Chepang languages
      • Dura
      • Chepangic languages
        • Bujhyal
        • Chepang
      • Magar languages
      • Kham languages
        • Gamale Kham
        • Sheshi Kham
        • Parbate Kham languages
          • Eastern Parbate Kham
          • Western Parbate Kham
Kiranti languages
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  • Limbu (or Limbo, Lumbu, Chang, Tsong, Subah, Yakthūngbā Suffah, Yakthung Pan, Yakthungpan, Monpa)
  • Western Kiranti languages
    • Thulung
    • Tilung
    • Chaurasiya languages
      • Jerung
      • Wambule
    • Northwestern Kiranti languages
      • Bahing
      • Sunwar
      • Wayu
    • Upper Dudhkosi languages
      • Dumi
      • Khaling
      • Koi
  • Central Kiranti languages
    • Khambu languages
      • Saam
      • Sampang
      • Kulungic languages
        • Chukwa
        • Kulung (Nepal)
        • Nachering
    • Southern Central Kiranti languages
      • Camling
      • Dungmali
      • Puma
      • Bantawic languages
        • Bantawa
        • Waling
  • Eastern Kiranti languages
    • Greater Yakkha languages
      • Chhulung
      • Chintang
      • Yakkha
      • Athpariyic languages
        • Athpariya
        • Belhariya
    • Upper Arun languages
      • Mewahang languages
        • Eastern Meohang
        • Western Meohang
      • Lohorung-Yamphu languages
        • Lohorung
        • Yamphuic languages
          • Southern Yamphu
          • Yamphu
Brahmaputran languages
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  • Chairel (†)
  • Jingpho-Luish languages
    • Jingpho languages
      • Northern Jinghpaw
      • Southern Jinghpaw
    • Luish languages
      • Kado
      • Burma Pyu
      • Taman (Myanmar)
      • Chak
      • Chakpa languages
        • Andro
        • Sengmai
  • Konyak languages
    • Konyak II languages
      • Nocte Naga
      • Tutsa Naga
      • Tangsa languages
        • Muklom
        • Pangwa Naga
        • Ponthai
        • Tikhak
    • Konyak I languages
      • Chang Naga
      • Konyak Naga
      • Phom Naga
      • Wancho Naga
      • Khiamniungic languages
        • Khiamniungan Naga
        • Leinong-Makyan languages
          • Leinong Naga
          • Makyan Naga
  • Bodo-Garo languages
    • Deori
    • Garo
    • Kochic languages
      • Atong (India)
      • Koch
      • Rabha
      • Ruga
    • Boroic languages
      • Tiwa-Boro languages
        • Tiwa (India)
        • Bodo-Mech-Kachari languages
          • Bodo-Mech
          • Kachari
      • Dimasa-Kokborok languages
Karenic languages
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  • Northern Karen languages
    • Kayan Lahwi (or Kayan, Kayang, Padaung, Padaung Karen) [pdu]
    • Lahta-Zayein Karen (or Zayein Karen, Zayein, Gaungtou, Khaungtou) [kxk]
    • Yinbaw Karen (or Yinbaw, Yeinbaw) [kvu]
    • Yintale Karen (or Yintale, Yintalet, Yangatalet, Yangtadai, Taliak, Tali) [kvy]
  • Southern Karen languages
    • Paku-Mobwa languages [kpp] (disabled)
      • Mobwa Karen [jkm]
      • Paku Karen (or Paku, Pagu, Mogpha, Mogwa, Mopha, Mopwa, Mopaga, Monebwa, Monnepwa, Thalwepwe) [jkp]
        • Bilichi
        • Dermuha
    • Sgaw languages
      • Wewaw [wea] (†)
      • S’gaw Karen (or S’gaw, Sgaw, S’gaw Kayin, S’gau, Kayin, Kanyaw, Kyetho, Yang Khao, Paganyaw, Pchcknya, Pgha K’nyan, Pwakanyaw, White Karen, Burmese Karen) [ksw]
        • Palakhi
        • Panapu
  • Peripheral Karen languages
    • Pa’o Karen (or Pa’o, Pao, Pa Oh, Pa-O, Pa-U, Black Karen, Karennet, Northern Taungthu, Taungthu, Taungtu) [blk]
      • Northern Pa’o
      • Southern Pa’o
    • Pwo languages
      • Eastern-Western Pwo Karen languages
      • Northern Pwo Karen languages
        • Phrae Pwo Karen (or Pwo Phrae, Phrae, Prae, Northeastern Pwo Karen) [kjt]
        • Pwo Northern Karen (or Pwo Northern, Phlong) [pww]
          • Mae Ping
          • Mae Sarieng
          • Omkoi
  • Central Karen languages
    • Geko Karen (or Gek'o, Gekho, Gheko, Ghekhol, Ghekhu, Gaikho, Keku, Kekhong, Kekaungdu, Padaung) [ghk]
    • Geba-Bwe languages
      • Bwe Karen (or Bwe, Brec, Bræ, Brè, Baghi, Bghai Karen) [bwe]
      • Geba Karen (or Eastern Bwe, Geba, Gebo, Kaba, Karenbyu, Kayinbyu, White Karen) [kvq]
    • Kayah (or Kaya, Karenni, Karennyi, Red Karen) languages
      • Eastern Kayah (or Eastern Kayah Li, Kayay) [eky]
      • Western Kayah (or Kayah Li, Karieng Daeng, Yang Daeng) [kyu]
    • Kayaw-Manu languages
      • Brek Karen (or Bre, Brec, Brek, Brè, Pre, Laku, Pramano) [kvl]
      • Manumanaw Karen (or Manumanaw, Manu, Monu, Mano, Manö) [kxf]
Kho-Bwa languages
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  • Puroikic languages
    • Eastern Puroik
    • Western Puroik
  • Kamengic languages
    • Bugun
    • Meyic languages
      • Chug-Lish languages
        • Chug
        • Lish
      • Sherdukpen-Sartang languages
        • Mey
        • Sartang
Macro-Tani languages
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  • Koro-Holon (or Siangic) languages
    • Koro
    • Milang
  • Tani languages
    • Eastern Tani languages
      • Bori-Karko
      • Mising-Padam-Miri-Minyong
    • Pre-Western Tani languages
      • Damu-Tangam languages
        • Damu
        • Tangam
      • Western Tani languages
        • Apatani
        • Bokar-Ramo
        • Subansiri languages
          • Galo
          • Nyishi-Hill Miri
          • Bangni-Tagin languages
            • Na
            • Tagin
Kuki-Chin languages
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  • Northwestern Kuki-Chin languages
    • Anal
    • Chiru
    • Chothe
    • Halam
    • Koireng
    • Kom (India)
    • Lamkang
    • Sorbung
    • Tarao
    • Aimol-Syriem languages
      • Aimol
      • Syriem
    • Moyon-Monsang Naga languages
      • Monsang Naga
      • Moyon
  • Central Kuki-Chin languages
    • Maraic languages
      • Senthang Chin
      • Zotung Chin
      • Nuclear Maraic languages
        • Lautu
        • Mara Chin
        • Shendu
        • Zyphe
    • Core Central Kuki-Chin languages
      • Darlong
      • Laamtuk Thet
      • Pankhu
      • Lai Chin languages
        • Haka Chin
        • Falamic languages
          • Bawm Chin
          • Bualkhaw Chin
          • Falam Chin
      • Mizoic languages
        • Hmaric languages
          • Biete
          • Hmar
          • Hrangkhol
          • Sakachep
        • Mizo [lus]
          • Fannai
          • Le
          • Lusei (or Lushai, Lushei, Lusago, Lukhai, Dulien, Duhlian Twang, Sailau, Hualngo, Whelngo)
          • Ngente
          • Ralte (Lushai)
          • Tlau
  • Peripheral Kuki-Chin languages
    • Khomic languages
      • Eastern Khumi Chin
      • Khumi Chin
      • Mro Chin
      • Rengmitca
    • South Peripheral Kuki-Chin languages
      • Ashoic languages
        • Asho Chin
        • Sumtu Chin
      • Choic languages
        • Chinbon Chin
        • Nga La
        • Daai-Muun languages
          • Daai Chin
          • Mün Chin
    • Northeastern Kuki-Chin languages
      • Thadoic languages
        • Kharam Naga
        • Paite Chin
        • Purum
        • Ralte
        • Tedim Chin
        • Thado Chin
      • Sizangic languages
        • Ngawn Chin
        • Simte
        • Sizang Chin
        • Zou
        • Gangte-Vaiphei languages
          • Gangte
          • Vaiphei
Naga languages
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  • Manipuri [mni]
  • Karbic languages
    • Amri Karbi
    • Hills Karbi
  • Zemeic languages
    • Maram Naga
    • Rongmei Naga
    • Thangal Naga
    • Nuclear Zemeic languages
      • Liangmai Naga
      • Mzieme Naga
      • Zeme Naga
  • Tangkhul-Maring languages
    • Maringic languages
      • Khoibu
      • Maring Naga
    • Tangkhulic languages
      • East-Central Tangkhul Naga
      • North-Central Tangkhul Naga
      • Northern Tangkhul Naga
      • Southern Tangkhul Naga
  • Angami-Ao languages
    • Central Naga languages
      • Sangtam Naga (or Sangtam, Lophomi, Isachanure) [nsa]
        • Kizare
        • Phelongre
        • Photsimi
        • Pirr
        • Purr
        • Thukumi (or Tukumi)
      • Lotha Naga (or Hlota, Lhota, Lotha, Lutha, Chizima, Choimi, Miklai) [njh]
        • Kyo
        • Kyon (or Kyõ)
        • Kyong
        • Kyou
        • Live
        • Ndreng
        • Tsontsu (or Tsindir, Tsontsii, Tsōntsü, Kantsii, Kyontsü)
      • Ao Naga (or Aorr, Cholimi, Hatigoria, Hatiggorīa, Dupdoria, Nowgong, Paimi, Uri, Northern Naga) [njo]
        • Changki (or Tśanki)
        • Chungli (or Ao-Chungli, Chongli, Tśungli)
        • Dordar (or Yacham, Yacham-Tengsa, Yatśam)
        • Longla
        • Mongsen (or Ao-Mongsen, Mongsen Khari, Khari)
        • Yacham-Tengsa
          • Tengsa
          • Yacham
      • Yimchingric languages
        • Para Naga (or Para, Parasar, Bara Naga, Jejara) [pzn]
        • Yimchungru Naga (or Tozhuma) [yim]
          • Chirr
          • Tikhir
          • Wai
          • Southern
            • Minir
            • Pherrongre
            • Yimchungru (or Yimchungrü, Yimchungru Naga, Yimchungre, Yimchunger, Yimtśurr, Yanchunger, Yachumi, Yachimi, Yatśumi)
        • Makuric languages
          • Long Phuri Naga [lpn]
          • Makuri Naga (or Makury Naga, Shaera) [jmn]
    • Angami-Pochuri languages
      • Pochuri-Northern Rengma languages
        • Northern Rengma Naga
        • Pochuri Naga
      • Rengma-Simi languages
        • Southern Rengma Naga
        • Sumi Naga
      • Angami-Mao languages
        • Khezha Naga
        • Angami-Chokri languages
          • Angami Naga
          • Chokri Naga
        • Naga Maoic languages
          • Mao Naga
          • Poumei Naga
Na-Qiangic languages
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  • Guiqiong
  • Ersuic languages
    • Ersu
    • Lizu
    • Tosu
  • Naic languages
    • Namuyi
    • Shixing
    • Naish languages
      • Laze
      • Naxi
      • Yongning Na
  • Qiangic languages
    • Drag-yab
    • Lamo
    • Muya
    • Queyu
    • Tangut
    • Zhaba
    • Zlarong
    • Pumi languages
      • Northern Pumi
      • Southern Pumi
    • Qiang languages
      • Southern Qiang
      • Upstream-Nu Qiang languages
        • Northern Qiang
        • Southeast Maoxian Qiang
    • Gyalrongic languages
      • Horpa-Khroskyabs languages
        • Khroskyabs
        • Horpa languages
          • Stau-Dgebshes
          • Stodsde
      • Core Gyalrong languages
        • Situ
        • Northern Gyalrong languages
          • Japhug
          • Tshobdun
          • Zbu
Burmish languages
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  • Southern Burmish languages
  • Northern Burmish languages
    • Hpon (or Hpön, Hpun, Phon, Phön, Phun, Samong, Megyaw) [hpo]
      • North Hpon
      • South Hpon
    • Mid Northern Burmish languages
      • Pela (or Bela, Pala, Pola, Bola) [bxd]
      • Maru [mhx]
        • Dago’ Lawng Bit
        • Gawan Naw’
        • Hlo’lan
        • Laking
        • Lawng Hsu
        • Wa Khawk
        • Zagaran Mran
    • High Northern Burmish (or Maru) languages
      • Zaiwa (or Tsaiwa, Zi, Szi, Aji, Aci, Azi, Atzi, Atshi, Atši, Atsi, Atsi-Maru, Xiaoshanhua) [atb]
        • Langwa
        • Nuclear Zaiwa
        • Polo
      • Leqic languages
        • Chashan [?]
        • Lashi (or Lashi-Maru, Lasi, Lachi, Lachik, Lachikwaw, Lacik, Lacid, Lech’i, Lechi, Leqi, Lets’i, Letsi, Ac’ye, Acye, Chashan, Chashanhua, Ngac’ang) [lsi]
      • Achangic languages
        • Lianghe Achang [?]
        • Luxi Achang [?]
        • Ngochang [?]
        • Longchuan Achang [acn]
          • Longchuan
          • Maingtha
          • Xiandao [xia] (disabled)
Loloish languages
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  • Pholo (or Poluo Yi, Pola) [yip]
  • Nusoish languages
    • Nusu
    • Zauzou
  • Lahoid languages
    • Kucong
    • Lahu
    • Lahu Shi
  • Ni-Li-Kazhouish languages
    • Lisoid languages (see below)
    • Southeastern Ngwi languages (see below)
    • Lawoish languages
      • Awu
      • Lawu
    • Kazhouish languages
      • Katso
      • Sadu
      • Samatao
  • Hani-Jino languages
    • Jino languages
      • Buyuan Jinuo
      • Youle Jinuo
    • Bisoid-Hanic languages
      • Phana’
      • Sila-Wanya-Cosao languages
        • Cosao
        • Sila
      • Bisoid languages
        • Bantang
        • Cauho
        • Sangkong
        • Phunoi-Coong languages
          • Côông
          • Phunoi
        • Bisu-Pyen-Laomian languages
          • Bisu
          • Laomian
          • Pyen
      • Hanic languages
        • Honi
        • Bi-Ka languages
          • Biyo
          • Enu
          • Kaduo
          • Mpi
        • Ha-Ya languages
          • Hani
          • Akhaic languages
            • Akeu
            • Akha
            • Chepya
            • Muda
Lisoid languages
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  • Ache
  • Lamu
  • Naluo Yi
  • Samatu
  • Lipo-Lolopo languages
  • Nuclear Lisoid languages
Southeastern Ngwi languages
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  • Nisi (China) (or Southeastern Lolo Yi) [yso]
  • Nisoid languages (see below)
  • Phula (or Pula, Bola, Phu La, Phula, Phù Lá, Phulepho, Pho) languages (see below)
  • Axioid languages
    • Azha [aza]
    • Sani-Axi-Azhe languages
      • Sani (or Sani Yi) [ysn]
        • Northern Sani
        • Southern Sani
      • Axi-Azhe languages
        • Axi Yi (or Axibo, Axipo, Axi, Ahi) [yix]
        • Azhe (or Azhe Yi) [yiz]
Nisoid languages
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  • Nisu-Nyisu languages
    • Nyisu [?]
    • Nisu languages
      • Far Northwestern Nisu [nsf]
      • Southern Nisu (or Yuan-Mo Yi) [nsd]
      • North Nisu languages
        • Eastern Nisu (or Shiping-Jianshui Nisu, Shiping-Jianshui Yi, Southern Yi) [nos]
        • Northern Nisu (or Eshan-Xinping Yi, E-Xin Yi) [yiv]
          • Eshan Nasu
          • Xinping Nisu
  • Nuclear Nisoid languages
    • Aluo (or Naluo, Laka, Yala, Ala, Lila, Gan Yi) [yna]
    • Southern Awu (Lope) (or Luowu, Luwu, Awu Yi) [yiu]
    • Nasu-Nosu languages
      • Sichuan Yi (or Nuosu, Liangshan Nosu, Liangshan Yi, Northern Yi, Lolo, Yi) [iii]
        • Butuo Yi
        • Huili Yi
        • Northern Awu Yi
        • Yinuo Yi
        • Yishengzha Yi
      • Nesu-Nasu languages
        • Nesu languages
          • Wumeng Nasu [ywu]
            • Hen-Ke Yi
            • Hezhang Yi
            • Weining Yi
          • Wusa Nasu [yig]
            • Bijie
            • Dafang
            • Qian Xi
        • Nasu-Gepu languages
          • Ayizi [yyz]
          • Chesu [ych]
          • Gepo [ygp]
          • Samei (or Sani) [smh]
          • Sanie [ysy]
          • Wuding-Luquan Yi (or Wu-Lu Yi, Dian Dongbei Yi) [ywq]
          • Luquan Naso
          • Tazhi
          • Wuding Naisu
Phula (or Pula, Bola, Phu La, Phula, Phù Lá, Phulepho, Pho) languages
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  • Riverine Phula languages
    • Upriver Riverine Phula languages
      • Phala (or Black Phula, Hei Phula, Khapho) [ypa]
      • Pholic languages
        • Alo Phola [ypo]
        • Phola (or Flowery Phula, Hua Phula, Tsha Phula) [ypg]
    • Downriver Riverine Phula languages
      • Phupha-Alugu languages
        • Alugu [aub]
        • Phupha [yph]
      • Phupa-Phuza languages
        • Phupa [ypp]
        • Phuza [ypz]
          • Dabaqi
          • Suobendi
  • Highland Phula languages
    • Phowa languages
      • Ani-Labo languages
        • Ani Phowa [ypn]
        • Labo Phowa (or Labopho, Asaheipho, Asahopho, Ekhepho, Zemapho, White Phu) [ypb]
      • Hlepho-Phukha languages
        • Hlepho Phowa (or Conehead Phula, Cowtail Phula, Jiantou Phula, Niuweiba Phula, Sandaohong Phula, Shaoji Phula, Sifter Basket Phula, Thrice Striped Red Phula, Paola, Daizhanpho, Digaopho, Boren, Bozi, Abo, Minjia, Xiuba) [yhl]
        • Phukha (or Phu Kha, Phu Khla, Fu Khla, Phù Lá Hán) [phh]
        • Khlula-Zokhuo languages
          • Khlula [ykl]
          • Zokhuo [yzk]
    • Muji languages
      • Moji (or Phulawa, Pingtou Phula, Flathead Phulai) [ymi]
      • Laghuu-Core Muji languages
        • Laghuu (or Laghuu Yi, Laopa, Lolo, Xá Phó) [lgh]
        • Thopho-Core Muji languages
          • Thopho [ytp]
          • Core Muji languages
            • Qila Muji (or Mujitsu, Phutsu, Phuzu, Doka) [ymq]
            • Nuclear Core Muji languages
              • Muzi (or Mogeha) [ymz]
              • Bokha-Phuma languages
                • Bokha [ybk]
                • Phuma [ypm]
              • Northern-Southern Muji languages
                • Northern Muji (or Hlaka, Hlaka Mujima) [ymx]
                • Southern Muji (or Khlaka, Aga, Tshebu, Tshibu, Tjeki, Lahi) [ymc]
Sinitic languages
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Min languages
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  • Coastal Min languages
  • Inland Min languages
Middle-Modern Sinitic languages
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  • Qujiang Hakka-Shibei Shaoguan Tuhua [?]
  • Wu-Hui Chinese languages (see below)
  • Yue-Pinghua languages (see below)
  • Gan Chinese [gan]
    • Fu-Guang
    • Ji-Cha
    • Yi-Liu
    • Ying-Yi
    • Chang-Jing
      • Anyi
      • Nanchang
      • Pingjiang
  • Middle Chinese [ltc]
    • Common Chinese
    • Zhongguo Hanyu
  • Hakka Chinese [hak]
    • Hailu
    • Huizhou
    • Meixian
    • Ning-Long
    • Tonggu
    • Yuebei
    • Yuezhong
    • Yugui
    • Sixian
      • Liudui-Pingtung
      • Taoyuan-Miaoli
    • Tingzhou
      • Changting
      • Liancheng
      • Mingxi
      • Ninghua
      • Qingliu
      • Shanghang
      • Wuping
      • Yongding
  • Northern Chinese languages
  • Xiang Chinese [hsn]
    • Hengzhou
    • Changyi
      • Changsha
      • Yi-Yuan
      • Yueyang
    • Chen-Xu
      • Baojing
      • Chenxi
      • Guzhang
      • Huayuan
      • Jishu
      • Luxi
      • Xupu
      • Yuanling
    • Luoshao
      • Loudi
      • Shuangfeng
      • Xiangtan
    • Yong-Quan
      • Dong-Qi
      • Jiangyong
      • Quan-Zi
Wu-Hui Chinese languages
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  • Hui Chinese [czh]
    • Jingzhan
    • Qide
    • Yanzhou
    • Jixi
      • Hongchuan
      • Hongmen
      • Shexian
      • Tangcun
    • Xiuyi
      • Huangshan
      • Southeastern Qimen
      • Tunxi
      • Wuyuan
      • Xiuning
      • Yixian
  • Wu Chinese [wuu]
    • Jinhua
    • Taizhou
    • Wenzhou
    • Wuzhou Wu
    • Chuqu
      • Jiangshan
      • Qingtian
      • Quzhou
    • Xuanzhou
      • Shiling
      • Taigao
      • Tongjing
    • Taihu
      • Northwestern Wu
        • Hangzhou
        • Piling
      • Tiaoxi
        • Huzhou
        • Southeast Guangde
      • Su-Hu-Jia
        • Jiaxing
        • Shanghainese
        • Suzhou
        • Wuxi
      • Northern Zhejiang
        • Lin-Shao
        • Yongjiang
          • Ningbo
          • Zhoushan
Yue-Pinghua languages
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  • Pinghua languages
    • Northern Pinghua [?]
      • Dong of Xinning
      • Guilin Pinghua
    • Southern Pinghua [?]
      • Nanning-Liuzhou Road Pinghua
      • Nanning Pinghua
      • Upriver Liuzhou Pinghua
  • Cantonese (Yue Chinese) [yue]
    • Goulou
    • Qinlian
    • Wuhua
    • Yongxun
    • Gaoyang
      • Gaozhou
      • Yangjiang
    • Siyi
      • Dancun
      • Jiangmen
      • Toishanese
      • Vancouver Cantonese
    • Yuehai
      • Guan-Bao
      • Samyap
      • Zhongshan
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou
        • Tanka Cantonese
        • Wuzhou Yue
        • Xianggang
        • Xiguan
Mandarinic languages
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  • Daohua [?]
  • Hezhou [?]
  • Tangwang [?]
  • Wutunhua [wuh]
  • Zhongyuan languages
    • Gangou [?]
    • Dungan [dng] (disabled)
      • Ganzu
      • Shaanxi
      • Yage
  • Chinese (Mandarin) [zh] macrolanguage
    • Ningxia Mandarin
    • Qingdao Mandarin
    • Rongcheng Mandarin
    • Yangzhou Mandarin
    • Yingshan Mandarin
    • Yuci Mandarin
    • Beijingic
      • Beijing Mandarin
      • Taibei Mandarin
    • Northeastern Mandarin
      • Ha’erbin Mandarin
      • Shenyang Mandarin
    • Jianghuai Guanhua
      • Hefei Mandarin
      • Nanjing Mandarin
    • Jilu Guanhua
      • Jinan Mandarin
      • Tianjin Mandarin
    • Central Plain Guanhua
      • Xi’an Mandarin
      • Xining Mandarin
      • Zhengzhou Mandarin
    • Lanyin
      • Lanzhou Mandarin
      • Wulumuqi Mandarin
      • Yinchuan Mandarin
    • Southwestern Guanhua
      • Chengdu Mandarin
      • Guiyang Mandarin
      • Kunming Chinese
      • Wuhan Mandarin

Siouan-Catawban (or just Siouan) languages

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Mississippi Valley Siouan languages
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  • Dhegiha languages
    • Quapaw (†) [qua]
    • Omaha-Ponca [oma]
      • Omaha
      • Ponca
    • Osage-Kansa languages (†)
      • Kansa (†) [ksk]
      • Osage (†) [osa]
  • Winnebago-Chiwere languages
    • Ho-Chunk (or Winnebago) [win]
      • Nebraska Ho-Chunk
      • Wisconsin Ho-Chunk
    • Iowa-Oto (or Chiwere) (†) [iow]
      • Iowa Chiwere (†)
      • Missouria Chiwere(†)
      • Oto Chiwere (†)
  • Dakotan languages
    • Assiniboine [asb]
    • Stoney [sto]
      • Alexis-Paul Stoney
      • Morley Stoney
    • Sioux languages
      • Lakota [lkt]
        • Brulé
      • Dakota [dak]
        • Santee-Sisseton
        • Yankton-Yanktonai

Tai-Kadai (or Kra-Dai) languages

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  • Kadaic (or Kra) languages (see below)
  • Kam-Tai languages (see below)
  • Hlaic languages
    • Jiamao (or Kamau) [jio]
    • Nuclear Hlaic languages
      • Cun (or Cun-Hua, Cunhua, Ngao Fon) [cuq]
      • Hlai (or Hiai, B’lai, B’li, Bli, Dai, Day, Dli, K’lai, Klai, S’lai, Slai, Lai, La, Loi, Li, Le) [lic]
        • Bendi (China)
        • Ha (China)
        • Meifu
        • Qi
Kadaic (or Kra) languages
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  • Southwestern Kra languages
  • Eastern Kra languages
    • Pubiao-Qabiao (or Pubiao, Pupeo, Pu Péo, Ka Biao, Ka Bao, Ka Beo, KaBeo, Laqua, Bendi Lolo, Pen Ti Lolo) [laq]
    • Buyang (or Buyán) languages
      • Yerong-Southern Buyang (or Yerong, Yerón, Daban Yao) [yrn]
      • Northern Buyang languages
        • E’ma Buyang (or Buyang E’ma, Buozaang, Eastern Buyang, Funing Buyang) [yzg]
        • Langnian Buyang (or Langjia) [yln]
        • En (or Ain, Nung Ven) [enc]
Southwestern-Kra languages
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  • Southern Kra languages
    • Baha Buyang (or Guangnan Buyang, Western Buyang) [yha]
    • Laha (Viet Nam) (or La Ha Ung, Khlá Phlao, Khlá Dung, Khlá Liik, Klá Dong, Khlá Don, Xá Lay, Xá Khao, Xá Chien) [lha]
  • Western Kra languages
    • Lachic languages
      • White Lachi (or Lipupõ) (†) [lwh]
      • Lachi (or La Chi, Laji, Lati, Tai Lati, Cu-Tê, Cù Te, Ku Te, Y Poong, Y Póng, Y Pí, Y To, I To, Y Mia) [lbt]
        • Lipupi
        • Liputiõ (or Lipulio)
    • Gelaoic languages
      • Central Gelao-Qau (or Gelo, Chilao, Keh-lao, Kehlao, Kelao, Keleo, Klau, Klo, Ilao, Lao) [gqu]
        • Qau (or Aqaw, Gao Gelao, Gao, Khi)
        • Wanzi Gelao (or Central Gelao)
      • Southwestern Gelao languages
        • Duoluo Gelao (or White Gelao) [giw]
          • Duoluo (or Telue)
          • Judu Gelao (or Tú Du)
        • Hagei Gelao (or Hagei, Hoki Gelao, Ho Ki, Cờ Lao, Kláo, Cape Draping Gelao, Green Gelao) [giq]
          • Sanchong Gelao
          • Wuchuan Gelao
          • Zhenfeng Gelao
      • Northern Gelao languages
        • Gelao Mulao (or Mulao, Ayo) [giu]
        • Ahouic languages
          • Red Gelao (or Cờ Lao, Vandu Gelao, Voa Dê)
          • A’ou (or A-ou, A-uo) [aou]
            • Hongfeng Gelao
            • Nuclear A’ou
Kam-Tai languages
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  • Lakkia-Biao languages
    • Lakkia (or Lakia, Lakja, Lajia, Laka, Tai Laka, Chashan Yao, Tea Mountain Yao) [lbc]
    • Biaoic languages
      • Dagang-Baoshan-Liangcun [?]
      • Yonggu Biao [?]
      • Shidong Biao [byk]
  • Kam-Sui languages (see below)
  • Daic languages
Kam-Sui languages
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  • Mulam-Kam languages
    • Mulam (or Mulao, Mulao Miao, Muliao, Mulou, Molao, Abo) [mlm]
    • Kamic languages
      • Lianmin Yao [?]
      • Nuoxi Yao [?]
      • Dong (or Tong, Tung, Tung-Chia, Gam, Kam) languages
        • Southern Dong [kmc]
        • Northern Kam languages
          • Northern Dong (Zhanglu Gam, Zhanglu Kam) [doc]
          • Cao Miao (or Grass Miao, Mjiuniang) [cov]
  • Then-MMS languages
    • T’en (or Then, Rao, Rau, Yang Huang, Yanghuang) [tct]
      • Hedong
      • Hexi
      • Huishi (China)
    • Maonan-Mak-Sui languages
      • Sui (or Suipo, Sui Li, Shui, Ai Sui) [swi]
        • Anyang
        • Pandong
        • Sandong
      • Mak-Ai-Cham languages
        • Ai-Cham (or Atsam, Jiamuhua, Jinhua) [aih]
          • Boyao
          • Di’e
        • Mak (China) (or Mochiahua, Mojiahua, Mo-Hua, Mohua, Mo) [mkg]
          • Chi
          • Ching
          • Hwa
          • Lyo
          • Mak
      • Maonan-Chadong languages
        • Chadong [cdy]
        • Maonan (or Ai Nan) [mmd]
Northern Daic-Be-Sek languages
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  • Be-Sek languages
    • Saek (or Sek, Tai Sek, Set) [skb]
      • Khammouan
      • Na Kadok
    • Beic languages
      • Jizhao [?]
      • Lingao (or Limkow, Linkow, Vo Limkou, Ongbe, Ong-Be, Be) [onb]
        • Lincheng
        • Qiongshan
  • Northern Daic languages
    • Northern Zhuang [ccx] macrolanguage (deprecated, disabled)
    • Zuojiang Zhuang (or Zuojiang, Tsochiang, Ken Tho, Pho Thai, Pu Tho, Yung-ch’un, Yung-shun, Nung Chao, Longyin, Longzhou) [zzj]
    • Yongnan-Yongbei languages
      • Yongnan Zhuang (or Yongnan, Yung-ch’un, Yung-shun, Yungnan, Nung An, Long An, Long’an, Bou Rau) [zyn]
      • Yongbei Zhuang (or Yongbei, Yungpei, Wu-ming, Chuang) [zyb]
    • Northern Tai languages
Central-Southwestern Tai languages
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  • Southern Zhuang [ccy] macrolanguage (deprecated, disabled)
  • Debao-Jingxi-Nung languages
    • Minz Zhuang [zgm]
    • Nong Zhuang (or Nong Hua, Kau Nong, Khaau Nong, Phu Nong, Phu Tei, Yan-Guang Southern Zhuang, Yan-Guang, Yenkuang, Yung-ch’un, Yung-shun, Zhuangyu Nanbu Fanyan Yan-Guang Tuyu) [zhn]
    • Yang Zhuang (or Yangyu, Yung-ch'un, Yung-shun, Thu Lao, Tuliao, Tuhua, Tuzu, Tu, Wen-Ma Southern Zhuang, Wen-Ma, Wenma, Zhuangyu Nanbu Fangyan Dejing Tuyu, Dejing Zhuang, De-Jing, Jingxi Zhuang, Gen Yang, Nung Giang, Teching, Tianbao, ) [zyg]
    • Nung (Viet Nam) [nut]
      • Giang
      • Khen Lài
      • Nùng An
      • Nùng Cháo
      • Nùng Inh
      • Nùng Lòi
      • Nùng Phan Slình
      • Nùng Qúy Rin
      • Xuòng
  • Wenma-Southwestern Tai languages
    • Dai Zhuang [zhd]
    • Tày [tyz]
      • Central Tày
      • Eastern Tày
      • Northern Tày
      • Southern Tày
      • Tày Bao Lac
      • Tày Trung Khanh
    • Sapa-Southwestern Tai languages
      • Tày Sa Pa [tys]
      • Southwestern Tai languages
        • Southwestern Thai PH languages
        • Southwestern Tai P languages
          • Ahom (or Tai Ahom) (†) [aho]
          • Tai Ya (or Daiya, Ya, Tai-Chung, Tai-Cung, Tai Cung, Cung) [cuu]
          • Black Tai languages
          • Lue-Yong languages
          • White Tai languages
          • Red Tai languages
          • Shan Tai languages

  • Southwestern Tai languages
    • East Central Tai languages
      • Chiang Saeng languages
    • Lao-Phutai languages
    • Northwest Tai languages

Torricelli languages

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  • Kombio-Arapesh-Urat languages (see below)
  • Beli (Papua New Guinea) (or Akuwagel, Makarim, Mukili) [bey]
  • Gnau [gnu]
  • Laeko-Libuat (or Laeko-Libuat, Laeko-Limbuat, Watulu) [lkl]
  • Minidien (or Miniden, Minendon, Menandon, Wiakei, Wiaki) [wii]
  • Nabi-Metan (or Nabi, Nambi, Nambieb, Metan, Mitang) [mty]
  • Wanap (or Kayik) [wnp]
  • Wom (Papua New Guinea) (or Wam) [wmo]
  • Urim (or Kalp) [uri]
    • Kukwo
    • Yangkolen
  • Galu-Alu languages
    • Alu-Sinagen (or Alu, Dia, Sinagen) [dia]
    • Galu (or Metru) [siu]
  • Ningil-Yil languages
    • Ningil (or Gul, Ral) [niz]
    • Yil [yll]
  • Yau-Yis languages
    • Yau (Sandaun Province) [yyu]
    • Yis [yis]
  • Nuclear Maimai languages
    • Siliput (or Maimai, Mai, Sokorok) [mkc]
    • Heyo-Yahang languages
      • Heyo (or Arima, Arinua, Arinwa, Wan Wan, Wanwan, Wanib, Ruruhip, Lolopani) [auk]
      • Yahang (or Ya’unk, Ruruhip, Ruruhi’ip, Rurihi’ip) [rhp]
  • West Palai languages
    • Walman (or Valman, Koroko) [van]
    • Agi-Yeri languages
      • Agi (or Metru) [aif]
      • Yeri (or Hiro, Giro, Reiwo, Yapunda) [yev]
  • Au-Olo-Elkei languages
    • Au [avt]
    • Olo-Elkei languages
      • Elkei (or Olkoi) [elk]
      • Olo (or Orlei) [ong]
        • Payi
        • Wapi (or Wape)
  • Nuclear Palai languages
    • Bragat-Aruop-Amol languages
      • Bragat (or Braget, Alang, Alauagat, Yauan) [aof]
      • Mol (or Amol, Alang, Alatil, Aru, Eru) [aru]
      • Srenge (or Lawu Srenge, Aruop, Alatil, Lau’u, Lausurankin, Lauisaranga) [lsr]
    • Yangum-Ambrak languages
      • Ambrak [aag]
      • Yangum languages
        • Yangum Dey [yde]
        • Yangum Gel [ygl]
        • Yangum Mon (or Aiku, Malek, Monanda, Menandon, Minendon) [ymo]
  • West Wapei (or Aunalei) languages
    • Seta [stf]
    • Seti [sbi]
    • One (or Oni, Onele) languages
      • Kwamtim One (or Kuamtim) [okk]
      • Southern One [osu]
      • Central-Northern One languages
        • Inebu One [oin]
        • Kabore One [onk]
        • Northern One [onr]
        • Molmo One (or Aunalei) [aun]
          • Central Aunalei
          • North Aunalei
          • South Aunalei
  • Marienberg languages
    • Bungain [but]
    • Buna [bvn]
      • Kasmin
      • Masan
    • Mandi-Muniwara languages
      • Juwal (or Mambe, Muniwara, Tumara, Tumaru) [mwb]
      • Wiarumus (or Imandi, Mandi) [tua]
    • Elepi-Kamasau-Marienberg languages
      • Elepi (or Elapi, Samap, Sumup, Blabla) [ele]
      • Urimo (or Yaugiba) [urx]
      • Kamasau (or Komasau, Komassau, Sagi, Wand Tuan) [kms]
        • Ghini
        • Hagi
        • Segi
Kombio-Arapesh-Urat languages
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  • Urat (or Urakin, Wasepnau) [urt]
    • Wasep Nau
    • Wasep Yam
    • Yehreic
      • Wusyep Ngel
      • Wusyep Tep
      • Wusyep Yehre
  • Arapesh languages
    • Bumbita Arapesh (or Bumbita, Arapesh, Arapeso Bumbita, Weri) [aon]
      • Bonahoi
      • Timingir
      • Urita
      • Weril
      • Werir
    • Mufian-Bukiyip-Abu languages
      • Bukiyip-Abu languages
        • Abu’ Arapesh (or Abu’, Ua) [aah]
        • Bukiyip (or Bukiyúp, Kavu) [ape]
          • Coastal Arapesh
          • Nuclear Bukiyip (or Mountain Arapesh, Arapeso Montañés)
      • Mufian (or Mufwian, Muhian, Muhiang, Southern Arapesh) [aoj]
        • Balif
        • Filifita
        • Iwam-Nagalemb
        • Nagipaem
        • Supari
  • Kombio-Yambes languages
    • Aruek (or Djang, Jang) [aur]
    • Yambes (or East Sepik Province, Maprik District, East and southeast of Kombio, Northwest of Wom) [ymb]
      • East Yambes
      • West Yambes
    • Kombioic languages
      • Eitiep (or Endangen, Indiang) [eit]
      • Aro (or Anamagi, Lou, Torricelli) [tei]
        • East Torricelli
        • West Torricelli
      • Kombio (or Anamagi, Endangen) [xbi]
        • Akwun
        • Miringi
        • Sopmirek
        • Tong (Kombio)
        • Wampukuamp
        • Wampurun
        • Yakangom
        • Yakio
        • Yakulmp
        • Yanimoi
        • Yasile
        • Yassum

Tupian languages

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Arikemic languages:
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  • Arikem (†) [ait]
  • Kabixiana (†) [?]
  • Karitiâna (or Caritiana) [ktn]
Maweti-Guarani languages:
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  • Sateré-Mawé [mav]
  • Aweti-Guarani languages
    • Aweti (or Awetï) [awe]
    • Tupi-Guarani (or Tupí-Guaraní) languages
      • Southern Tupi-Guarani languages
        • Aché-Guarani (Tupi-Guarani subgroup I) languages (see below)
        • Guarayu-Sironoid (Tupi-Guarani subgroup II) languages (see below)
        • Nhengatu-Cocama–Omagua-Austral Tupi (Tupi-Guarani subgroup III) languages (see below)
      • Asurini-Tapirpé (Tupi-Guarani subgroup IV) languages (see below)
      • Xingú-Arawetic (Tupi-Guarani subgroup V) languages (see below)
      • Kawahiwa (Tupi-Guarani subgroup VI) languages (see below)
      • Kamayurá (Tupi-Guarani subgroup VII) [kay]
      • Guaja-Ava-Northern Tupi (Tupi-Guarani subgroup VIII) languages (see below)
Aché-Guarani (Tupi-Guarani subgroup I) languages:
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  • Aché [guq]
  • Xetá [xet]
  • Guarani (or Guaraní) macrolanguage
    • Guaraní A (Tupi-Guarani subgroup I.A) languages
      • Mbyá Guaraní [gun]
        • Baticola
        • Tambéopé
      • Paraguay-Brazil Guarani languages
        • Pai Tavytera [pta]
        • Chiripá [nhd]
          • Apapocuva
        • Kaiwá [kgk]
          • Nuclear Kaiwá
          • Tembekuá
          • Teüi
        • Paraguayan Guaraní [gug]
          • Jopará
    • Guaraní B (Tupi-Guarani subgroup I.B) languages
      • Western Bolivian Guaraní [gnw]
      • Chiriguanic languages
        • Tapieté [tpj]
        • Eastern Bolivian Guaraní [gui]
          • Ava
          • Izoceño
Guarayu-Sironoid (Tupi-Guarani subgroup II) languages:
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  • Guarayu [gyr]
  • Warazu-Sirionoid languages
    • Warázu (or Pauserna) [psm]
    • Sirionoid languages
      • Jorá [jor]
      • Sirionó [srq]
      • Yuqui [yuq]
Nhengatu-Cocama–Omagua-Austral Tupi (Tupi-Guarani subgroup III) languages:
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  • Lingua Geral Paulista [tpw]
  • Nhengatu (Língua Geral) (as lingua franca) [yrl]
  • Omagua-Kokama (or Cocama–Omagua) languages
    • Cocama-Cocamilla [cod]
      • Cocama
      • Cocamilla
    • Omagua [omg]
      • Aizuare
      • Curacirari
      • Curucicuri
      • Paguana
  • Tupinambá (or Tupí Austral) (as lingua franca) [tpn]
    • Amoipira
    • Kaeté
    • Potiguára
    • Tabaiara-Tobajara
    • Temiminó
    • Tupina
    • Tupinakin-Tupi-Tabajara Angra dos Reis-Cananéia
    • Tupinambá São Francisco-Camamu
    • Tupinambá-Tamoio Kap São Tomé-Angra dos Reis
    • Tupinambá Tocantins-Paranaiba
    • Tupinikin
Asurini-Tapirpé (Tupi-Guarani subgroup IV) languages:
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  • Tapirapé [taf]
  • Asurini-Parakanã-Tenetehara (Tupi-Guarani subgroup IV.A) languages
    • Parakanã [pak]
    • Suruí Do Pará [mdz]
    • Tocantins Asurini (or Akwáwa) [asu]
  • Tupi-Guarani subgroup IV.B languages
    • Turiwára [twt]
    • Tenetehara (or Tenetehára) [tqb]
      • Guajajara (or Guajajára)
        • Guajajára of Mearim
        • Guajajára of Pindare
        • Guajajára of Zutiua
      • Tembe (or Tembé)
        • Tembe of Capim
        • Tembe of Guama
        • Tembe of Gurupi
Xingú-Arawetic (Tupi-Guarani subgroup V) languages:
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  • Xingú Asuriní [asn]
  • Arawetic languages
    • Amanayé (or Amanage, Amanajé, Manajo, Manaze, Manazo) [ama]
    • Anambé [aan]
      • Anambé of Cairarí
    • Araweté [awt]
      • Asuriní do Coatinema
      • Asuriní do Xingú
      • Awaeté
      • Bïde
Kawahiwa (Tupi-Guarani subgroup VI) languages:
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  • Northern Kawahíb (or Kawahiwa Setentrionais) languages
    • Juma (or Júma, Yumá, Kagwahibm, Kagwahiph, Kagwahiv, Kavahiva, Kawahip, Kawaib) [jua]
    • Paranawat (or Paranawát) [paf]
    • Tenharim-Parintintin-Diahoi [pah]
      • Diahoi (or Diahói, Diagói)
      • Parintintín
      • Tenharim
    • Wirafed (or Wiraféd) [wir]
  • Southern Kawahíb (or Kawahiwa Meridionais) languages
    • Apiaká (or Apiake) [api]
    • Karipúna (or Caripuna) [kuq]
      • Ah’e
      • Karipuna do Guapore
      • Karipuná de Rondônia
      • Karipúna do Guaporé
      • Tukumanfed
    • Kayabí [kyz]
    • Amondava-Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau languages
      • Amundava (or Amondava) [adw]
      • Uru-Eu-Wau-Wau (or Eru-Eu-Wau-Wau, Kagwahiva, Wau Wau) [urz]
Guaja-Ava-Northern Tupi (Tupi-Guarani subgroup VIII) languages:
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  • Guaja-Kaapor-Ava languages
    • Avá-Canoeiro [avv]
    • Takunyapé (†) [?]
    • Urubú-Kaapor [urb]
    • Guaja-Aure-Aura languages
      • Aurê y Aurá [aux]
        • Ararandewara
        • Araweté
        • Wazaizara
      • Guajá [gvj]
        • Anambe of Ehrenreich
        • Awá (Guajá) (or Avá, Ayaya, Guaxare)
  • Wayampi-Zoe-Emerillon (or Northern Tupi) languages
    • Wayampi [oym]
      • Oiyapoque
      • Wajapuku
      • Wayampipukú
    • Zoe-Emerillon languages
      • Teko (or Émérillon, Teco) [eme]
      • Zoe (or Zo’é, Poturu, Tupí of Cuminapanema) [pto]
Monde (or Mondé) languages:
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  • Suruí [sur]
  • Gavianic languages
    • Salamãi (or Mondé) (†) [mnd]
    • Nuclear Gavianic languages
      • Cinta Larga (dialect cluster) [cin]
      • Aruá (Rondonia State) [arx]
        • Aruáshi
      • Gavião Do Jiparaná [gvo]
        • Gavião do Jiparaná
        • Zoro
Mundurukuic (or Munduruku) languages:
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  • Munduruku [myu]
  • Kuruáya (†) [kyr]
Purubora-Ramarama (or Puruborá-Ramarama) languages:
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  • Purubora (or Puruborá) [pur]
  • Ramarama languages
    • Karo (Brazil) [arr]
      • Karo (or Arara)
    • Urumi (†) [uru]
Tuparic (or Tuparí) languages:
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  • Makuráp [mpu]
  • Nuclear Tuparic languages
    • Akuntsu-Mekéns languages
      • Akuntsu (or Waratégaya) [aqz]
      • Mekens (or Sakirabiá) [skf]
    • Kepkiriwát [kpn]
    • Tuparí [tpr] (as lingua franca)
    • Wayoró [wyr]
Yuruna (or Jurúna) languages:
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  • Jurúna [jur]
  • Xipaya (†) [msp]
  • Maritsauá (†) [xiy]
    • Arupai

Uralic languages

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Samoyedic languages:
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  • Nganasan (or Enganasán) [nio]
    • Avam
    • Vadezev
  • Mator-Taigi-Karagas (†) [mtm]
    • Karagas (Mator) (†)
    • Mator (or Nuclear Mator) (†)
    • Taigi (or Tavgi, Tavgy, tavgui, Tawgi, Tawgy) (†)
  • Core Samoyedic languages
    • Enets-Nenets languages
      • Yurats (or Yurak) (†) [rts]
      • Enets (or Yenets, Enec, Ency, Enetj, Enete, Yenisei-Samoyed) languages
        • Forest Enets (or Bay Enets, Baicha, Pe-Bae) [enf]
        • Tundra Enets (or Madu, Somatu) [enh]
      • Nenets (or Nency, Nenec, Yurak, Hasawa) languages
        • Forest Nenets [?]
          • Agan Nenets
          • Lyamin Nenets
          • Nadym Nenets
          • Pur Nenets
        • Tundra Nenets [yrk]
          • Central Tundra Nenets
          • Eastern Tundra Nenets
          • Western Tundra Nenets
    • Kamas-Selkup languages
      • Kamassian (or Kamas-Koibal) (†) [xas]
        • Kamas (Uralic) (†)
        • Samoyed Koibal (†)
      • Selkup (or Ostyak Samoyed) [sel]
        • Taz-Turukhan
        • Kety-Central-Southern Selkup
          • Southern Selkup
          • Kety-Central Selkup
            • Srednyaya Ob-Ket
            • Central Selkup
              • Narym
              • Tym
              • Vasyugan Selkup
Ugric (or Ugrian) languages:
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  • Hungarian [hu]
    • Alfold
    • Csango
    • Danube-Tisza
    • King's Pass Hungarian
    • Northeast Hungarian
    • Northwest Hungarian
    • Oberwart
    • Székely
    • West Danube
    • West Hungarian
  • Ob-Ugric languages
    • Khantyic (or Ostyak Ugric) languages (see below)
    • Mansic languages
      • Southern Mansi [?]
      • North-Central Mansi languages
        • Central Mansi [?]
        • Northern Mansi [mns]
          • Ob Mansi
          • Sosva Mansi
          • Sygva Mansi
          • Upper Loz'va Mansi
Khantyic (or Ostyak Ugric) languages:
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  • West Khanty languages
    • Southern Khanty [?]
      • Irtysh Khanty
    • Northern Khanty languages
      • Obdorsk Khanty [?]
      • Kazym-Berezover-Suryskarer Khanty [kca]
        • Berezover Khanty
        • Kazym Khanty
        • Middle Ob Khanty
        • Suryskarer Khanty
  • East Khanty languages
    • Vach-Vasjugan [?]
      • Vach Khanty
      • Vasjugan Khanty
    • Surgut Khanty [?]
      • Agan
      • Jugan
      • Likisovskoje
      • Pim
      • Salym Khanty
      • Tromagan
Permic (or Permian) languages:
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Finnic languages:
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  • Võro (or South Estonian) [vro]
    • Võro-Mulgi-Tartu
    • Leivu-Lutsi
      • Leivu
      • Lutsi
    • Seto-Kraasna
      • Kraasna
      • Seto
        • Eastern Seto
        • Northern Seto
        • Southern Seto
  • Coastal Finnic languages
    • Liv (or Livonian) [liv]
      • Courland Livonian
      • Salaca Livonian
    • Neva languages
      • North Finnic languages
      • Central Finnic languages
        • Estonian [et] macrolanguage
          • Middle Estonian
          • North Estonian
        • Votic [vot]
          • East Vod
          • Krevin
          • West Vod
            • Kattila
            • Lower Luga Votic
            • Northeastern Coastal Estonian
Ladogan languages:
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  • Karelian [krl]
    • Northern Karelian
    • Novgorod
    • Southern Karelian
    • Tver
  • Ingrian [izh]
    • Hevaha
    • Kukkuzi
    • Lower Luga
    • Oredezhi
    • Soikkola
  • East Ladoga languages
    • Livvi [olo]
    • Ludian [lud]
    • Veps [vep]
      • Central Veps
      • Prionezh
      • Southern Veps
Nuclear Finnish languages:
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  • Kven Finnish [kkv]
  • Tornedalen Finnish [fit]
    • Gällivare Finnish
    • Torne Valley Finnish
    • Vittangi Finnish
  • Finnish [fi]
    • Central and North Pohjanmaa
    • Häme
    • Peräpohja
    • Savo
    • Southeastern Finnish
    • South Pohjanmaa
    • Southwestern Finnish
Sami (or Saami) languages:
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Uto-Aztecan languages

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Northern Uto-Aztecan languages
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  • Hopi (or Moki, Moqui, Pueblo, Tusayan) [hop]
  • Omomil (†) [?]
  • Californian Uto-Aztecan languages
    • Tübatulabal (or Kern River) [tub]
    • Serran languages
      • Serrano (or Serran, Kitanemuk) [ser]
      • Tongva (†) [xgf]
    • Cupan languages
      • Island Takic (†) [?]
      • Luiseno (or Luiseño-Juaneño) (†) [lui]
        • Juaneño
        • Luiseño
      • Cahuilla-Cupeno languages
        • Cahuilla [chl]
        • Cupeño (or Agua Caliente) (†) [cup]
  • Numic languages
    • Southern Numic languages
      • Kawaiisu [xaw]
      • Ute-Southern Paiute [ute]
        • Chemehuevi
        • Southern Paiute (or Mountains Ute, Colorado Ute, Colorado River Numic)
        • Ute (or Uté, Utah, Pai Ute, Paiute, Paviotso)
    • Western Numic languages
      • Mono (USA) [mnr]
      • Northern Paiute [pao]
        • Bannock (or Paviotso-Bannock-Snake)
        • North Northern Paiute
        • South Northern Paiute
    • Central Numic languages
      • Comanche [com]
      • Panamint [par]
      • Shoshoni (or Shoshone, Shoshoni-Goshiute) [shh]
        • Gosiute (or Goshiute)
        • Northern Shoshoni (or Northern Shoshone)
        • Western Shoshoni (or Western Shoshone)
Southern Uto-Aztecan languages
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  • Jova (†) [?]
  • Tubar (or Tubare) (†) [tbu]
  • Cahitan (or Yaqui-Mayo) languages
    • Mayo (or Cahita, Kahita) [mfy]
    • Yaqui (or Yaki, Yaqui, Yoeme) [yaq]
  • Opata-Eudeve languages
    • Eudeve (or Endeve, Heve) (†) [?]
    • Teguima (or Opata, Opatan, Dohema) (†) [opt]
  • Tarahumara-Guarijio languages
    • Guazapar (†) [?]
    • Huarijio (or Huaríjo, Guarijio, Guarijío del Norte, Maculai, Varihío, Varohio, Warihío, Warijiyo) [var]
      • Highland Huarijío
      • Lowland Huarijío
    • Tarahumaran (or Rocoroibo, Taraumara, Tubare, Vorohio) languages
      • Central Tarahumara [tar]
      • Lowland Tarahumara [tac]
      • Northern Tarahumara (or Ariseachi, Ariseachi Tarahumara) [thh]
      • Southwestern Tarahumara [twr]
      • Southeastern Tarahumara (or Samachique) [tcu]
        • Chinatú Tarahumara
  • Tepiman languages
    • Tepehuan (or Tepeguana, Tepahuane, Tepewan) languages
      • Northern Tepehuan
      • Southern Tepehuan languages
        • Tepecano (or Tepekano) (†) [tep]
        • Southeastern Tepehuan [stp]
        • Southwestern Tepehuan [tla]
    • Piman (or Nevome, Nebome) languages
      • Pima Bajo (or Lower Piman, Mountain Piman, O’ob) [pia]
        • Chihuahua Pima Bajo
        • Sonora Pima Bajo
      • Tohono O’odham (or Upper Piman, O’odham, O’othham, Papago, Papago-Pima, Pima-Papago) [ood]
        • Akimel O’odham
        • Tohono O’odam
  • Corachol-Aztecan languages
    • Aztecan Aztecan (or Aztec, Nahuatl, Nawa, Mexicano) languages (see below)
    • Corachol languages
      • Huichol (or Vixaritari Vaniuqui, Vizaritari Vaniuki, Wichol) [hch]
        • Coyultita
        • San Andrés Cohamiata
        • San Sebastián-Santa Catarina
      • Coran (or Kora, Pinome) languages
        • El Nayar Cora [crn]
          • Jesús María Cora
          • La Mesa del Nayar Cora
          • Presidio de los Reyes Cora
          • San Francisco Cora
        • Santa Teresa Cora [cok]
          • Dolores Cora
          • Nuclear Santa Teresa Cora
          • Rosarito Cora
          • San Blasito Cora
          • San Juan Corapan Cora
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  • Western Nahuatl languages
    • Central Nahuatl languages
    • Western Periphery-North Guerrero Nahuatl languages
      • Pochutec (or Pochuteko, Pochutl, Pochutla) (†) [xpo]
      • Temascaltepec Nahuatl (or Almomoloya Nahuatl) [nhv]
      • North Guerrero Nahuatl languages
        • Coatepec Nahuatl [naz]
        • Tlamacazapa Nahuatl [nuz]
      • Western Periphery Nahuatl languages
        • Michoacán Nahuatl [ncl]
        • Durango Nahuatl languages
          • Eastern Durango Nahuatl [azd]
          • Western Durango Nahuatl [azn]
  • Eastern Nahuatl languages
    • Central Guerrero Nahuatl (or Xalitla, Guerrero Aztec) [ngu]
    • Highland Puebla Nahuatl (or Puebla Sierra Nahuatl, Sierra de Zacapoaxtla Nahuatl) [azz]
    • Huaxcaleca Nahuatl (or Huaxcaleca Aztec, Chichiquila Nahuatl) [nhq]
    • Northern Oaxaca Nahuatl [nhy]
    • Ometepec Nahuatl (or Ometepec Aztec) [nht]
    • Pipil (or Nicarao) [ppl]
    • Isthmus Nahuatl languages
      • Isthmus-Cosoleacaque Nahuatl (or Cosoleacaque Aztec) [nhk]
      • Isthmus-Mecayapan Nahuatl [nhx]
      • Isthmus-Pajapan Nahuatl [nhp]
      • Tabasco Nahuatl (or Tabasco Aztec) [nhc]
    • Huasteca Nahuatl languages
      • Central Huasteca Nahuatl [nch]
      • Western Huasteca Nahuatl [nhw]
      • Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl [nhe]
        • Southeastern Huasteca Nahuatl
    • Tehuacan-Zongolica Nahuatl languages
      • Orizaba Nahuatl (or Orizaba Aztec) [nlv]
        • Ixhuatlancillo Nahuatl
      • Tehuacanic languages
        • Central Puebla Nahuatl (or Central Puebla Aztec, Southwestern Puebla Nahuatl) [ncx]
        • Santa María La Alta Nahuatl [nhz]
        • Sierra Negra Nahuatl [nsu]
        • Southeastern Puebla Nahuatl [npl]
        • Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla Nahuatl (or Tenango Aztec, San Miguel Tenango Náhuatl) [nhi]

Yukaghir (or Jukagir) languages

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Creole languages

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English-based creole languages:
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French-based creole languages:
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Malay-based creole languages:
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Ngbandi-based creole languages:
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Portuguese-based creole languages:
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  • Luso-Asian creole languages
    • Macanese
    • Malacca-Batavia Portuguese Creole
    • Timor pidgin languages
      • Macaísta
      • Português de Bidau
  • Upper Guinea Portuguese creole languages
    • Kabuverdianu [kea]
      • Barlavento
      • Kabuverdianu Sotavento
      • Sotavento
    • Papiamentu [pap]
    • Upper Guinea Crioulo
      • Bafatá Creole
      • Bissau-Bolama Creole
      • Cacheu-Ziguinchor Creole
Spanish-based creole languages:
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Pidgins

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  • Afroasiatic-based pidgins (see below)
  • Algic-based pidgins (see below)
  • Atlantic-Congo-based pidgins (see below)
  • Austronesian-based pidgins (see below)
  • Cariban-based pidgins (see below)
  • Germanic-based pidgins (see below)
  • Indo-Aryan-based pidgins (see below)
  • Romance-based pidgins (see below)
  • Basque-based pidgin
    • Basque-Amerindian Pidgin [?]
  • Chinook-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Chinook Jargon [?]
  • Choctaw-based pidgin
    • Mobilian (or Mobilian Trade Jargon, Chicasa Trade Jargon, Chickasaw-Choctaw Trade Language, Yamá) [mod]
  • Duvle-based pidgin
    • Duvle-Wano-Pidgin [?]
  • Enga-based pidgin
    • Arafundi-Enga Pidgin [?]
  • Iha-based pidgin
    • Iha-based Pidgin [ihb]
  • Japanese-based pidgin
    • Yokohama Pidgin [?]
  • Kaurna-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Kaurna [?]
  • Manambu-based pidgin
    • Kwoma-Manambu Pidgin [?]
  • Ngarluma-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Ngarluma [?]
  • Sepik Iwam-based pidgin
    • Hauna Trade Language [?]
  • Eskimo-based pidgins
    • Herschel Island Eskimo Trade Jargon [?]
    • West Greenlandic Eskimo Pidgin [?]
  • Russian-based pidgins
    • Chinese Pidgin Russian (or Kjachta Pidgin) [?]
    • Russenorsk [?]
    • Taimyr Pidgin Russian [?]
  • Yimas-based pidgins
    • Yimas-Alamblak-Pidgin [?]
    • Yimas-Arafundi-Pidgin [?]
    • Yimas-Iatmul Pidgin [?]
    • Yimas-Karawari Pidgin [?]
Afroasiatic-based pidgins
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  • Hausa-based pidgins
    • Barikanchi (†) [bxa]
    • Gibanawa (†) [gib]
    • Ioi Trade Jargon [?]
  • Arabic-based pidgins
    • Early East African Pidgin Arabic [?]
    • Jordanian Bengali Pidgin Arabic [?]
    • Pidgin Gulf Arabic [?]
    • Pidgin Madam [?]
    • Romanian Pidgin Arabic [?]
    • Turku [?]
Algic-based pidgins
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  • Delaware-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Delaware (†) [dep]
  • Ottawa-based pidgin
    • Broken Oghibbeway [?]
Atlantic-Congo-based pidgins
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  • Ewondo-based pidgin
    • Ewondo Populaire [?]
  • Swahili-based pidgins
    • KiKAR [?]
    • KiSetla (†) [sta]
  • Zulu-based pidgin
    • Fanagalo (or Fanakalo) (†) [fng]
      • Chilapalapa (†)
      • Cikabanga (†)
Austronesian-based pidgins
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  • Fijian-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Fijian [?]
  • Hawaiian-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Hawaiian [?]
  • Malay-based pidgin
    • Broome Pearling Lugger Pidgin (or Malay Talk, Broom Creole, Japanese Pidgin English, Koepang Talk) [bpl]
  • Mekeo-based pidgins
    • Imunga Trade Language [?]
  • Minigir-based pidgin
    • Tolai-Nakanai-Trade [?]
  • Onin-based pidgin
    • Onin Pidgin [?]
  • Tahitian-based pidgin
    • Maritime Polynesian Pidgin [?]
  • Tobi-based pidgin
    • Horace Holden's Pidgin Tobi [?]
  • Tukang Besi-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Tukang Besi (or Irian Jaya Pidgin) [?]
  • Motu-based pidgins
    • Trading Eleman [?]
    • Trading Koriki [?]
    • Hiri Motu [ho]
      • Austronesian Hiri Motu
      • Papuan Hiri Motu
Cariban-based pidgins
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  • Trio-based pidgin
    • Ndyuka-Trio Pidgin (or Suriname Pidgin) [njt]
  • Galibi-based pidgins
    • Joeka-Oajana Pidgin [?]
    • Pidgin Carib [?]
Germanic-based pidgins
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Dutch-based pidgin
    • Hottentot Dutch [?]
  • Icelandic-based pidgin
    • Icelandic-Basque Pidgin [?]
  • Swedish-based pidgin
    • Borgarmalet [?]
  • German-based pidgins
    • Kiautschou Pidgin German [?]
    • WW2 Pidgin German [?]
  • English-based pidgins
    • American Indian Pidgin English [?]
    • Bonin English Pidgin [?]
    • Butler English [?]
    • Chinese Pidgin English (or Nauru Pacific Pidgin, or Nauru Melanesian-Chinese Mixed Pidgin English) [cpi]
    • Kru Pidgin English (or Liberian English) [lir]
    • New South Wales Pidgin [?]
    • Papuan Pidgin English [?]
    • Queensland Kanaka English [?]
    • Samoan Plantation Pidgin [?]
    • Solombala English [?]
    • South Australian Pidgin English [?]
Indo-Aryan-based pidgins
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  • Assamese-based pidgin
    • Nefamese (or Arunamese) [nef]
  • Hindustani-based pidgin
    • Pidgin Hindustani [?]
Romance-based pidgins
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  • Mediterranean Lingua Franca (or Sabir) (†) [pml]
  • Portuguese-based pidgin
    • Macao Pidgin Portuguese [?]
  • Spanish-based pidgins
    • Panare Trade Spanish [?]
    • Roquetas Pidgin Spanish [?]
  • French-based pidgins
    • Bauxite Pidgin [?]
    • Belle-Isle Pidgin [?]
    • Burundi Pidgin French [?]
    • Français Tirailleur [?]
    • New Caledonian Pidgin French [?]
    • Tay Boi (†) [tas]
    • Slavey-French-based pidgins
      • Broken Slavey [?]
      • Jargon Loucheux [?]

Isolated languages

These are languages that were created from a larger family with one or more parent historic language, but whose all members except one are now extinct, and difficult to resurrect due to insufficient traces, and high level of improbabilities to classify them with convincing evidences demonstrated by expert linguists. In some cases, some living languages way be generally considered isolated even if there's some evidence that they could be split from a major one (frequently considered to include a minor variant even if it has very significant differences). In any case, the languages listed in this isolated category are difficult to classify in other main families.

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  • Seri (or Cmique Itom) [sei]
  • Sumerian (†) [sux] (disabled)
  • Tunica [tun] (disabled)
  • Zuni (or Zuñi, Shiwi’ma) [zun] (disabled)
  • Paez (or Páez, Paes, Nasa Yuwe) [pbb]
    • Paniquita
    • Pitayo
  • Burushaski [bsk] (disabled)
    • Wershikwar (or Yasin Burushaski)
    • Burushaski proper (or Hunza-Nagar Burushaski)
      • Hunza Burushaski
      • Nagar Burushaski
  • Vasconian languages
    • Aquitanian (†) [xaq]
    • Basque [eu]
      • Alavan
      • Alto Navarro Meridional
      • Alto Navarro Septentrional
      • Souletin Basque
      • Biscayan
      • Guipuzcoan
      • Roncalese
      • Navarro-Labourdin Basque
        • Labourdin
        • Eastern Low Navarrese
        • Western Low Navarrese
  • Koreanic languages
    • Ye-Maek (†) [hmk]
      • Buyeo (†) [xpy]
      • Goguryeo (or Old Koguryo, Koguryoan) (†) [zkg]
    • Koguryoic (or Puyŏ, Fuyu) languages (†)
      • Okjeo? (†)
      • Ye? (†)
      • Paekchean languages (†)
        • Paekche (†) [pkc]
        • Puyo-Paekche (†) [xpp]
    • Han (or Samhan) languages
      • Gaya (or Kara, Kaya, Karak)? (†) [zra]
      • Sillan (or Silla, Old Korean) (†) [oko]
      • Jeju (or Cheju, Chejueo, Jejueo, Jejumal, Jejutmal, Jeju Jiyeokeo, Jeju Bangeon, Jeju Saturi, Saturi) [jje]
      • Korean [ko]
        • Cheju Island (or Čečuto)
        • Chollado
        • Ch’ungch’ongdo
        • Hamgyongdo
        • Hwanghaedo
        • Kyongsangdo
        • P’yong’ando
        • Seoul

Sign languages

Most of these languages are not written because they are not spoken vocaly, but localisation to these languages is possible using videos or images; some more formal writing systems are being developed but are still not very used and known as much as adaptation of written languages for people with visual handicaps (most often based on simplified transliteration systems). Many sign languages also include a gestual transliteration of a common alphabet used to write non-sign languages in order to spell some names (before an abbreviating gesture is then conventionaly agreed between speakers for faster designation in further sign speech). The most populated family has been developed and derived from the modern French Sign Language (LSF) which is very developed since several centuries, and has been also the historic base for the American Sign Language (ASL) subfamily. Many sign languages are borrowing signs from these two base sign languages, which have their own distinctive vocabulary and syntaxic features, independant of the spoken language where they coexist (with words or fragments of sentences to be read visually on lips, taken from a simplified version of the spoken language, and that complement the more descriptive gesture language).

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  • Auxiliary sign systems
  • Village sign languages
  • Deaf sign languages
    • BSLic languages (see below)
    • LSFic languages (see below)
    • Argentine Sign Language (or Lengua de Señas Argentina) [aed]
    • Brazilian Sign Language (or Língua Brasileira de Sinais, LSB) [bzs]
    • Turkish Sign Language (or Türk Isaret Dili) [tsm]
    • Spanish sign languages
      • Mexican Sign Language (or Lenguaje de Signos Mexicano, LSM) [mfs]
      • Spanish Sign Language (or Lengua de signos española, LSE, Mímica) [ssp]
      • Venezuelan Sign Language (or Lengua de Señas Venezolana) [vsl]
    • DGSic languages
      • German Sign Language (or Deutsche Gebärdensprache, DGS) [gsg]
      • Israeli Sign Language (or ISL) [isr]
      • Polish Sign Language [pso]
      • Swiss-German Sign Language (or Deutschschweizerische Gebärdensprache, DSGS, Natürliche Gebärde) [sgg]
    • Chile-Paraguay-Uruguay sign languages
      • Chilean Sign Language (or Lengua de Señas Chilena, LSCh) [csg]
      • Paraguay-Uruguay Sign sign languages
        • Paraguayan Sign Language [pys]
        • Uruguayan Sign Language (or Lengua de Señas Uruguaya, LSU) [ugs]
    • Russian sign languages
      • Georgian Sign Language [?]
      • Lithuanian Sign Language [lls]
      • Moldova Sign Language [vsi]
      • Mongolian Sign Language [msr]
      • Russian-Tajik Sign Language [rsl]
      • Ukrainian Sign Language [ukl]
    • JSLic languages
      • Japanese Sign Language (or Nihon Shuwa, JSL)
      • Korean Sign Language [kvk]
      • Taiwan Sign Language (or Taiwan Ziran Shouyu, TZS) [tss]
        • Kaohsiung
        • Tainan
        • Taipei
    • CSLic languages
      • Ha-Hoic languages
        • Hanoi Sign Language [hab]
        • Ho Chi Minh City Sign Language [hos]
      • Nuclear CSLic languages
        • Hong Kong-Macau Sign Language [hks]
        • Chinese Sign Language (or CSL) [csl]
          • Shanghai Sign Language
    • Swedish (or Nordic) sign languages
      • Swedish Sign Language [swl]
      • Portuguese Sign Language (or Lingua Gestual Portuguesa) [psr]
        • Lisbon
        • Oporto
      • Finnish sign languages
        • Finland-Swedish Sign Language [fss]
        • Finnish Sign Language [fse]
    • Arab sign languages
      • Egypt Sign Language [esl]
      • Kuwaiti Sign Language [?]
      • Libyan Sign Language [lbs]
      • Saudi Arabian Sign Language [sdl]
      • Yemeni Sign Language [?]
      • Levantine-Iraqi sign languages
        • Iraqi Sign Language [?]
        • Levantine Arabic Sign Language [jos]
    • Indo-Pakistani-Nepalese sign languages
      • Nepalese Sign Language [nsp]
      • Indo-Pakistani Sign languages
        • Pakistan Sign Language (or Isharon Ki Zubann, Karachi Sign Language) [pks]
        • Indian Sign Language [ins]
          • Bangalore-Madras Indian Sign Language
          • Bombay Indian Sign Language
          • Calcutta Indian Sign Language
          • Delhi Indian Sign Language
          • Kolkata Indian Sign Language
          • Shillong Indian Sign Language
BSLic languages
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  • Maritime Sign Language [nsr]
  • BANZL languages
    • British Sign Language (or BSL) [bfi]
    • New Zealand Sign Language [nzs]
    • Auslan-PNG sign languages
      • Auslan (or Australian Sign Language) [asf]
      • Papua New Guinean Sign Language [pgz]
    • South African sign languages
      • Lesotho Sign Language [?]
      • Namibian Sign Language [nbs]
      • South African Sign Language (or Sørafrikansk tegnspråk, SATS) [sfs]
LSFic languages
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  • ASLic languages (see below)
  • French Sign Language (or FSL) [fsl]
    • Marseille Sign Language
  • Norwegian sign language (or NSL) [nsl] (disabled)
    • Holmestrand
    • Oslo
    • Trondheim
  • Central European Sign languages
    • Bulgarian Sign Language [bqn]
    • Czech Sign Language [cse]
    • Romanian Sign Language [rms]
    • Slovakian Sign Language [svk]
    • Hungarian Sign Language [hsh]
      • Budapest
      • Debrecen
      • Eger
      • Miskolc
      • Sopron
      • Szeged
    • Italian sign languages
      • Italian Sign Language (or Lingua Italiana dei Segni) [ise]
      • Swiss-Italian Sign Language (or Lingua dei Segni Italiana, LSI-SI) [slf]
      • Tunisian Sign Language [tse]
    • Dutch-Belgian sign languages
      • Dutch Sign Language (or Sign Language of the Netherlands, SLN, Nederlandse Gebarentaal, NGT) [dse]
      • Belgian sign languages
        • French Belgian Sign Language (or South Belgium Sign Language, Langue des signes de Belgique Francophone, LSFB) [sfb]
        • Flemish Sign Language (or North Belgium Sign Language, Vlaamse Gebarentaal, VGT) [vgt]
ASLic languages
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  • American sign languages
  • Costa Rica-Honduras-Panama sign languages
    • Chiriqui sign languages
    • Costa Rican Sign Language [csr]
    • Honduras Sign Language [hds]
    • Panamanian Sign Language [lsp]
  • West-Central South American sign languages
    • Bolivian Sign Language [bvl]
    • Colombian Sign Language [csn]
    • Ecuadorian Sign Language [ecs]
    • Peruvian-Inmaculada sign languages
      • Inmaculada Sign Language [?]
      • Peruvian Sign Language (or Lenguaje de Señas Peruanas, Lengua de Signos Peruana, LSP) [prl]

Artificial (or constructed) languages

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  • Internationally constructed languages (see below)
  • Artistically constructed languages (see below)
  • Arbitrarily constructed languages (see below)
Internationally constructed languages
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Artistically constructed languages
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Arbitrarily constructed languages
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