Languages by language family

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This is a schematic list of supported languages with translators in translatewiki.net.

They sorted by the language family, and subfamilies they belong to, and sometimes in their parent macrolanguage (according to ISO 639-3, or their registration in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags) when one is defined for them.

Individual languages that are part of a defined macrolanguage are listed according to ISO 639-3 information, which should also match their individual entries in the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags.

The information is drawn from Ethnologue or Linguist List (also indexed on GlottoLog with research papers and ample bibliography, including for historic languages or languages still not distinguished or encoded in any standard), or where those do not apply, the English Wikipedia. All these sources are also referenced informatively on the official website of the registration agency (SIL) for the international ISO 639-3 standard. But not all legacy ISO 639 codes are valid (the IANA database for BCP 47 language tags is still the single standard and data source we must comply with).

The links on language families go to their existing category in this wiki. The links on individual languages (or macrolanguages) go to their portal on this wiki (Please help to categorize these languages, preferably in non-controversial families as the language classification is not completely established between its numerous branches).

Extinct (or dormant) languages are marked with (†), and distinctive languages without any ISO 639 code assignment are marked with [?]. They are normally not eligible for translations on translatewiki.net, due to lack of reliable translators (except searchers or linguists for reconstruction or historical studies, or encoding of old texts, for example in Wikisource). In this case, there's probably no need to translate the UI in these languages until an active community is restored and wants to use it for their communication (some exceptions may exist as a secondary language for example in religious and ceremonial use). Users that want to translate in these languages should group themselves and manifest it (for example by registering themselves in the language portal, even if it's still marked as disabled, or using the Babelbox), and should initiate a test wiki in that language for example In Wikimedia Incubator to start developing that language but it's more probable they will just need a Wikisource Incubator or a specific category in an existing Wikisource for encoding old texts, using another UI language for their cooperation.


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Natural language families

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Afroasiatic languages

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  • Guanche (†) [gnc] (disabled)
  • Awjilah [auj] (disabled)
  • Kabyle-Atlas Berber (or Northern Berber) languages (see below)
  • Tuareg (or Tamasheq) languages (see below)
  • Zenatic languages (see below)
  • Western Berber languages
    • Tetserret [tez] (disabled)
    • Zenaga [zen] (disabled)
  • Libyan-Egyptian Oases Berber languages
    • Sawknah-Fogaha (†) [swn] (disabled)
    • Siwi [siz] (disabled)
  • Ghadames [gha] (disabled)
    • Ayt Waziten
    • Elt Ulid
  • Nafusi [jbn] (disabled)
    • Jbali-Tamezret
    • Jerba
    • Jerbi
    • Tamezret
    • Zuara
Kabyle-Atlas Berber languages:
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Tuareg (or Tamasheq) languages:
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Zenatic languages:
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  • Shawiya (or Chaouia of the Aures) [shy]
  • Tunisian-Zuwara Berber [?]
  • Western Algerian Berber [cnu] (disabled)
  • Tarifit (or Tarifiyt-Beni-Iznasen-Eastern Middle Atlas Berber) [rif]
    • Iznasen (or Iznacen, Beni Snassen)
    • Eastern Middle Atlas Berber (or Berkan Berber)
    • Riffian (or Tarifiyt)
      • Central Riffian (or Nador Tarifiyt)
      • West Riffian (or Al Hoceima Tarifiyt)
  • Sened [sds] (disabled)
    • Nuclear Sened
    • Tmagourt
  • Northern Saharan Oasis Berber languages
    • Tumzabt [mzb] (disabled)
    • Tidikelt-Tuat Tamazight [tia] (disabled)
      • Tidikelt
      • Tit
    • Sud Oranais-Gourara [grr] (disabled)
      • Gourara
      • South Oran
      • Touat
    • Ouargli-Oued Righ languages
      • Oued Righ [tjo] (disabled)
      • Ouargli [oua] (disabled)
        • Ouedghir
        • Tariyit
        • Temacin
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  • Biu-Mandara languages (see below)
  • Masa languages (see below)
  • East Chadic languages
  • West Chadic languages
    • West Chadic A languages
      • West Chadic A.1 (or Gwandara-Hausa) languages (see below)
      • West Chadic A.4 languages (see below)
      • West Chadic A.2-3 languages
    • West Chadic B languages (see below)
Biu-Mandara languages:
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  • Jilbe (or Yilbe, Zoulbou) [jie] (disabled)
  • North Biu-Mandara languages (see below)
  • South Biu-Mandara languages (see below)
  • Hurza languages
    • Mbuko (or Mbuku, Mboku, Mbokou, Mboko) [mqb] (disabled)
    • Vame (or Maslava) [mlr] (disabled)
      • Dume (Vame)
      • Hurzo (or Hurza, Hurza-Vame)
      • Mberem
      • Ndreme
      • Pelasla
North Biu-Mandara languages:
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  • Kotoko-Buduma languages (see below)
  • Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages (see below)
  • Gidar (or Guidar, Guider, Gidder, Kada, Baynawa) [gid] (disabled)
    • Lam
  • Maroua (or Marva, Mi Marva) languages
    • Baldemu (or Baldamu, Baldare, Balda, Mbazla) [bdn] (disabled)
    • Giziga (or Gisiga, Gisika, Guiziga, Giziga de Maroua) languages
      • North Giziga , Tchere, Dogba) [gis] (disabled)
        • Muturuwa
      • South Giziga (or Gisiga-South, Giziga-South) [giz] (disabled)
        • Mi Mijivin
        • Muturami
        • Rum
  • Musguic languages
    • Muskum (†) [mje] (disabled)
    • Musgu-Mbara languages
      • Mbara (Chad) [mpk] (disabled)
      • Musgu [mug] (disabled)
        • Munjuk-Sud
        • Munjuk-Nord
          • Beege
          • Mpus
          • Muzuk
          • Vulum
  • Higic languages
    • Hya (or Ghye, Za) [hya] (disabled)
    • Psikye (or Kamsiki, Pksake) [kvj] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Psikye
      • Wula
      • Zlenge
    • Nkafa-Kirya-Bana languages
      • Bana (or Baza, Ka-Bana, Koma, Mizeran) [bcw] (disabled)
        • Gamboura
        • Gili
      • Nkafa-Kirya languages
        • Kamwe (or Koma, Ka-Bana, Mbana, Bana, Baza, Mizeran) [bcw] (disabled)
        • Kirya-Konzel [fkk] (disabled)
  • Lamang-Hdi languages
    • Hdi (or Hde, Hide, Xadi, Xedi, Hedi) [xed] (disabled)
      • Tur (or Turu-Hide, Turu, Tourou, Ftour)
    • Vemgo-Mabas (or Mabas) [vem] (disabled)
      • Vemgo
      • Visik
    • Lamang (or Laamang, Mandara Group B) [hia] (disabled)
      • Ghudavan (or Gbuhwe)
      • Zaladva
      • Central Laamang
        • Dlige
        • Hedkala (or Hitkala)
        • Waga (or Waha)
      • North Laamang
        • Dzuba
        • Gwoza
        • Leghva
        • Zaladeva
Kotoko-Buduma languages:
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  • Buduma (or Boudouma, Yadena, Yedana, Yedima, Yedina, Yidana, Yidena) [bdm] (disabled)
    • Kuri (Buduma) (or Buduma-Kuri)
    • Northern Buduma
    • Nuclear Buduma
    • Southern Buduma
  • Kotoko Meridional languages
    • Jina [jia] (disabled)
      • Mo’e
      • Muhulu
      • Zina (or Zine)
    • Majera (Mayera, Mazera, Mida’a, Midah, Da’a, Daa) [xmj] (disabled)
      • Hwalem
      • Kajire-’dulo
      • Nuclear Majera
  • Kotoko Central languages
    • Lagwan (or Lagouane, Lagwane, Lagwan Kotoko, Kotoko-Logone, Logone) [kot] (disabled)
      • Affade
      • Logone-Birni (or Logone-Birni Kotoko)
      • Logone-Gana
    • Mser (or Kotoko-Kuseri, Kuseri, Kouseri, Kousseri, Mandage, Mandague, Mendage, Klesem) [kqx] (disabled)
      • Gawi
      • Houlouf
      • Kabe
      • Kalo
      • Nuclear Mser
  • Kotoko Septentrional (or Mandage, Mandague, Mandagué, Mendage) languages
    • Kotoko Septentrional 1 languages
      • Afade (or Affade, Afadeh, Afada, Mogari, Ngala) [aal] (disabled)
      • Maslam (or Kotoko-Maltam, Maltam) [msv] (disabled)
        • Nuclear Maslam
        • Sao
    • Kotoko Septentrional 2 languages
      • Ngala of Lake Chad (†) [?]
      • Malgbe (or Malbe, Malgwe, Ngwalkwe, Sanbalbe) [mxf] (disabled)
        • Douguia
        • Dro
        • Goulfey (Goulfei, Gulfei, Kotoko-Gulfei, Gulfe)
        • Mara (Malgbe)
        • Nuclear Malgbe
        • Walia (Malgbe)
      • Mpade [mpi] (disabled)
        • Bodo (Mpade)
        • Digam
        • Makari (or Kotoko-Makari, Makary, Mackeri)
        • Nuclear Mpade
        • Shoe
        • Woulki
Margi-Mandara-Mofu languages:
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Mandaraic languages:
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  • Podoko (or Podokwo, Podogo, Padogo, Padokwa, Pawdawkwa, Paduko) languages
    • Matal (or Mouktele, Muktele, Muktile, Badda, Balda) [mfh] (disabled)
    • Parkwa (or Parekwa, Gwadi Parekwa, Parkwa, Kudala) [pbi] (disabled)
  • Wandala-Malgwa-Glavda languages
    • Glavda (or Glanda, Galavda, Galvaxdaxa, Gelvaxdaxa, Gelebda, Guelebda, Vale) [glw] (disabled)
      • Bokwa
      • Ngoshie (Glavda)
      • Nuclear Glavda
    • Wandala-Malgwa languages
      • Malgwa [?] (disabled)
      • Wandala (or Ndara, Mandara, Mandara Montagnard) [mfi] (disabled)
        • Gamargu (or Gamergu)
        • Gwanje
        • Jampalam
        • Kamburwama
        • Kirawa
        • Masfeima
        • Mazagwa
        • Mura
        • Nuclear Wandala
        • Ziogba
  • Dghwedeic languages
    • Dghwede (or Dgwede, Dehoxde, Johode, Toghwede, Tghuade, Truade, Traude, Hude, Azaghvana, Zaghvana, Wa’a) [dgh] (disabled)
    • Gvoko (or Gavoko, Gevoko, Ghboko, Kuvoko, Nggweshe, Ngweshe, Ngweshe-Ndaghan, Ngoshe-Ndhang, Ngoshe Sama, Ngoshi, Ngossi) [ngs] (disabled)
    • Gudufic languages
      • Cineni [cie] (disabled)
      • Guduf-Gava (or Guduf, Gudupe, Kdupe, Afkabiye) [gdf] (disabled)
        • Chena
        • Chikide
        • Gava
Mofuic languages:
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  • Mofu (or Muffu, Mofou, Muffo) languages
    • North Mofu (or Mofu-North, Mofu-Nord, Douvangar, Mofu-Douvangar, Mofu-Duvangar) [mfk] (disabled)
      • Douroun (or Durum, Mofu de Douroum)
      • Wazan (or Wazang)
    • Mofu-Gudur (Mofou de Goudour, Mofu South, Mofu-Sud) [mfu] (disabled)
      • Dimeo
      • Gudur (or Goudour)
      • Massagal
      • Mokong
      • Njeleng
      • Zidim
  • Meri languages
    • Dugwor (or Mofu-Dugwor, Tchakidjebe) [dme] (disabled)
      • Mikere (or Memekere)
    • Merey (or Mere, Meri, Mofu de Meri, Mofu of Meri) [meq] (disabled)
      • Dugur (or Dougour)
    • Zulgo-Gemzek [gnd] (disabled)
      • Gemzek (or Gemjek, Guemshek)
      • Mineo
      • Zulgo
  • Tokombere languages
    • Mada (Cameroon) (or Ma’da) [mxu] (disabled)
    • Moloko (or Molokwo, Molkwo, Molko, Molkoa, Mokyo, Melokwo) [mlw] (disabled)
    • Muyang (or Mouyenge, Mouyengue, Muyenge, Myenge, Myau) [muy] (disabled)
    • Wuzlam (or Uzam, Uzlam, Udlam, Uldeme, Ouldeme, Mizlime) [udl] (disabled)
Marghic languages:
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  • Marghi Central (or Margi Central) [mrt] (disabled)
    • Gulak
    • Gwara (Marghi)
    • Lassa
    • Wurga
  • Kilba-South Margi languages
    • Marghi South (or Margi Central, Chobba, KChobba, Hildi) [mfm] (disabled)
    • Huba (or Kilba) [hbb] (disabled)
    • Luwa
Buraic languages:
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  • Cibak (or Chibak, Chibbak, Chibbuk, Chibuk, Chibok, Kikuk, Kibbaku, Kyibaku) [ckl] (disabled)
  • Nggwahyi (or Ngwaxi, Ngwohi) [ngx] (disabled)
  • Putai (or Marghi West, West Marg) [mfl] (disabled)
  • Bura-Pabir (or Bura, Burra, Bourrah, Mya Bura, Huve, Huviya, Kwojeffa) [bwr] (disabled)
    • Hyil Hawul
    • Pabir (or Babir, Babur, Barburr)
    • Pela (Nigeria)
South Biu-Mandara languages:
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  • Sukur (or Adikimmu Sukur, Sugur, Sakul, Gemasakun) [syk] (disabled)
  • Matakam languages (see below)
  • Teraic languages (see below)
  • Dabaic languages (see below)
  • Bataic languages (see below)
Matakam languages:
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  • Cuvok (or Chuvok, Tchouvok) [cuv] (disabled)
  • Mefele (or Boulahay, Bulahai, Bula) [mfj] (disabled)
    • Muhura
    • Nuclear Mefele
    • Serak
    • Shugule
  • Mafa (or Mofa, Matakam, Natakan) [maf] (disabled)
    • "Nuclear Mafa
    • "East Mafa
      • Roua
      • Soulede
    • "West Mafa
      • Magoumaz
      • Mavoumay
    • "Central Mafa
      • Koza
      • Ldamtsai
      • Mokola
      • Mokolo
      • Ouzal
Teraic languages:
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  • Western Tera languages
    • Jara (or Jera) [jaf] (disabled)
    • Tera (or Pidlimdi, Tera, Yamaltu, Wuyo) [ttr] (disabled)
      • Bura Kokura
      • Nyimatli
      • Pidlimndi
  • Eastern Tera languages
    • Boga (or Boka) [bvw] (disabled)
    • Hwana (or Hwona, Hona, Fiterya, Tuftera) [hwo] (disabled)
    • Ga’anda (or Ga’andu, Ganda, Makwar, Mokar) [gqa] (disabled)
      • Gabin
      • Nuclear Ga’anda
Dabaic languages:
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  • Mbedam
  • Mina (Cameroon) (or Hina) [hna] (disabled)
    • Besleri
    • Gamdugun
    • Jingjing
  • Buwal-Gavar languages
    • Buwal (or Ma Buwal, Bual, Gadala) [bhs] (disabled)
    • Gavar (or Ma-Gavar, Gawar, Gauar, Gouwar, Kortchi, Rtchi) [gou] (disabled)
  • Daba-Mazagway-Kola languages
    • Daba (or Dabba, Kola) [dbq] (disabled)
      • Nive
      • Pologozom
    • Mazagway (or Mazagway-Hidi) [dkx] (disabled)
      • Kola (Mazagway)
      • Musgoi
Bataic languages:
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  • Bacama-Yimburu [?]
  • Ngwaba (or Enguaba, Goba, Gombi) [ngw] (disabled)
  • Gudu (or Gutu, Gudo, Gombi) [gdu] (disabled)
    • Kumbi
  • Bacama (or Abacama, Bachama, Bachama-Bata, Bashamma, Besema, Bwareba, Gboare) [bcy] (disabled)
    • Mulyen
    • Opalo
    • Wa-Duku
  • Bata (or Batta, Bete, Gbwate, Gbwata, Gwate, Gboati, Kota, Kofa, Birsa, Dii, Dunu, Muleng) [bta] (disabled)
    • Demsa (or Demsa Bata)
    • Garoua (Bata)
    • Jirai
    • Kobotachi
    • Malabu (Bata)
    • Ndeewe
    • Ribaw
    • Wadi (Bata)
    • Zumu
  • Gudeic languages
    • Nzanyic languages
      • Holma (or Bali Holma, Da Holmaci) [hod] (disabled)
      • Nzanyi (or Zany, Zani, Nzangi, Njanyi, Njegn, Njai, Njei, Njeing, Njeng, Njeny, Jeng, Jenge, Mzangyim, Kobochi, Kobotshi) [nja] (disabled)
        • Dede
        • Hoode
        • Lovi
        • Magara
        • Maiha
        • Mutidi
        • Nggwoli
        • Paka
        • Rogede
    • Sharwa-Tsuvan languages
      • Sharwa (or Sarwaye, Sherwin, Tchevi) [swq] (disabled)
      • Tsuvan (or Matsuvan, Motsuvan, Telaki, Teleki, Terki, Tchede) [tsh] (disabled)
    • Gude-Jimi-Zizilivakan languages
      • Zizilivakan (or Ziliva, Zizilivakan, Ziziliveken, Àmzírív, Fali of Jilbu) [ziz] (disabled)
      • Jimi (Cameroon) (or Djimi, Jimjimen, ’Um Falin) [jim] (disabled)
        • Djimi
        • Jimo
        • Malabu
        • Wadi
        • Zumo (Cameroon)
      • Fali-Gude languages
        • Fali (or Vimtim, Yimtim) [fli] (disabled)
        • Gude (or Goude, Cheke, Shede, Tchade, Tcheke, Mapodi, Mapuda, Mocigin, Motchekin, Mubi, Mudaye) [gde] (disabled)
          • Fali of Jilvu
          • Fali of Mubi
          • Fali of Mucella (or Fali of Muchella)
          • Fali of Vimtim
Masa languages:
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  • North Masa languages
    • Marba-Musey-Ham languages
      • Ham [?]
      • Marba [mpg] (disabled)
        • Monogoy
      • Musey [mse] (disabled)
        • Bongor-Jodo-Tagal-Berem-Gunu
        • Jaraw-Domo
        • Lew
        • Pe (Chadic)
        • Pe-Holom-Gamé
    • Masa-Gizey-Zumaya languages
      • Gizey [?]
      • Zumaya [zuy] (disabled)
      • Masana (or Massa) [mcn] (disabled)
        • Banana
        • Bongor
        • Budugum
        • Bugudum
        • Gumay
        • Central Masa
          • Gizay
          • Wina
        • West Masa
          • Domo
          • Walia
          • Yagwa
  • South Masa languages
    • Herde [hed] (disabled)
    • Ngete [nnn] (disabled)
    • Mesme (or Zime, Djime) [zim] (disabled)
      • Bero
      • Zamre
    • Peve (or Lamé, Kado) [lme] (disabled)
      • Dari (Chadic)
      • Doe (Chadic)
      • Lamé
East Chadic A languages:
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  • East Chadic A.1 languages (see below)
  • East Chadic A.2 languages (see below)
  • East Chadic A.3 (or Kera-Kwang) languages
    • Kera [ker] (disabled)
      • Nyimathli
    • Kwang [kvi] (disabled)
      • Aloa
      • Gaya (East Chadic)
      • Kawalké
      • Mindéra
      • Mobou
      • Ngam (Chad)
      • Nuclear Kwang
      • Tchagin
East Chadic A.1 languages:
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  • East Chadic A.1.2 (or Boor-Gadang-Miltu-Sarua) languages
    • Boor [bvf] (disabled)
    • Gadang [gdk] (disabled)
    • Miltu [mlj] (disabled)
    • Sarua [swy] (disabled)
  • East Chadic A.1.1 (or Mire-Somrai-Ndam-Tumak) languages
    • Mire [mvh] (disabled)
    • Somrai [sor] (disabled)
    • Ndam [ndm] (disabled)
      • Ndam Dik
      • Ndam-Ndam
    • Tumak [tmc] (disabled)
      • Mod
      • Nuclear Tumak
East Chadic A.2 languages:
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  • East Chadic A.2.1 (or Lele-Nancere) languages
    • Lele (Chad) [lln] (disabled)
    • Nancere [nnc] (disabled)
  • East Chadic A.2.2 (or Kabalai-Tobanga-Kimre) languages
    • Kabalai [kvf] (disabled)
      • Gablai
    • Tobanga [tng] (disabled)
      • Gabri-North
      • Moonde
      • Nuclear Tobanga
    • Gabri-Kimre languages
      • Gabri [gab] (disabled)
      • Kimre [kqp] (disabled)
        • Buruwa
        • Kimruwa
        • Tchire
East Chadic B languages:
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  • East Chadic B.3 (or Mawa-Ubi-Sokoro) languages (see below)
  • East Chadic B.1 languages
  • Mukulu [moz] (disabled)
    • Doliki
    • Gugiko
    • Mezimko
    • Mokilko
    • Moriko
    • Seginki
  • Barainic languages
    • Jalking [?]
    • Barain [bva] (disabled)
      • Komiya
      • Central Barain
        • Giliya
        • Jalkiya
East Chadic B.3 (or Mawa-Ubi-Sokoro) languages:
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  • Mawa (Chad) [mcw] (disabled)
  • Ubi [ubi] (disabled)
  • Saba-Sokoro-Tamki languages
    • Saba [saa]
    • Tamki [tax] (disabled)
    • Sokoro [sok] (disabled)
      • Bedanga
      • Nuclear Sokoro
Mubic languages:
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  • Kajakse [ckq] (disabled)
  • Masmaje [mes] (disabled)
  • Mubi [mub] (disabled)
  • Zirenkel [zrn] (disabled)
Dangla-Mabire-Birgit languages:
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  • Mabire [muj] (disabled)
  • Birgit-Mogum-Toram languages
    • Toram [trj] (disabled)
    • Birgit [btf] (disabled)
      • Abgue
      • Agrab
      • Duguri (Chad)
      • Eastern Birgit
    • Mogum [mou] (disabled)
      • Koffa
      • Mogum Déle
      • Mogum Diguimi
      • Mogum Urmi
  • Dangla languages
    • Jonkor Bourmataguil [jeu] (disabled)
      • Dougne
      • Musunye
    • Dangaleat [daa] (disabled)
      • Central Dangaleat
      • East Dangaleat
      • West Dangaléat
    • Migaama [mmy] (disabled)
      • Dambiya
      • Doga (Chad)
      • Gamiya
      • Nuclear Migaama
    • Bidiyo [bid] (disabled)
      • Bigawguno
      • Garawgino
      • Jekkino
      • Nalguno
      • Oboyguno
West Chadic A.1 (or Gwandara-Hausa) languages:
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  • Gwandara [gwn] (disabled)
    • Gwandara Eastern
    • Gwandara Gitata
    • Gwandara Karashi
    • Gwandara Koro
    • Gwandara Southern
    • Nimbia
  • Hausa [ha]
    • Aderawa
    • Damagaram
    • Dawra
    • Gaya
    • Kurfey
    • Eastern Hausa
      • Hadejiya
      • Kano
      • Katagum
    • North Hausa
      • Arawa
      • Arewa
    • Western Hausa
      • Adarawa
      • Gobirawa
      • Katsina
      • Kebbawa
      • Sokoto (Hausa)
      • Zamfarawa
Tangalic languages:
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  • Dera (Nigeria) (or Kanakuru) [kna] (disabled)
    • Gasi
    • Shani
    • Shellen
  • Nuclear Tangalic languages
    • Kushi (or Kushe, Goji, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [kuh] (disabled)
    • Pero (or Pipero, Chong’e, Chonge, Chongee, Filiya) [pip] (disabled)
    • Piya-Kwonci (or Ambandi, Wurkum) [piy] (disabled)
      • Kwonci
      • Piya (or Pia, Pitiko)
    • Tangale-Kwami-Kupto languages
      • Tangale (or Tanagale, Tangle) [tan] (disabled)
        • Biliri
        • Kaltungo
        • Shongom
        • Ture
      • Kwami-Kupto languages
        • Kutto (or Kúttò, Kupto) [kpa] (disabled)
        • Kwaami (or Kwami, Kwamanchi, Kwam, Kwom, Komawa) [ksq] (disabled)
Boleic languages:
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  • Bure (or Bubbure, Bubburè, Bubure) [bvh] (disabled)
  • Maaka (or Maka, Maga, Magha, Maha) [mew] (disabled)
  • Nyam (or Nyambolo) [nmi] (disabled)
  • Kholok (or Kode, Koode, Kwoode, Pia, Pitiko, Piya, Widala, Wurkum) [ktc] (disabled)
  • Kunshenu
  • Karekare (or Karai Karai, Karaikarai, Kerekere, Kerrikerri) [kai] (disabled)
    • Birkai
    • Jalalam
    • Kwarta Mataci
  • Nuclear Boleic languages
    • Gera-Geruma-Kubi-Deno languages
      • Kubi-Deno languages
        • Deno (or Denawa, Denwa) [dbb] (disabled)
        • Kubi (or Kuba, Kubawa, Be) [kof] (disabled)
      • Gera-Geruma languages
        • Gera (or Gerawa) [gew]
        • Geruma (or Gerumawa, Gerema, Germa) [gea] (disabled)
          • Duurum
          • Gamsawa
          • Sum
    • Galambu-Bele languages
      • Galambu (or Galambe, Galambi, Galembi) [glo] (disabled)
      • Kirfi-Bele languages
        • Giiwo (or Bu Giiwo, Kirfi, Kirifi, Kirifawa) [kks] (disabled)
        • Ngamo-Bele languages
          • Ngamo (or Gamo, Gamawa, Ngamawa) [nbh] (disabled)
          • Bolanci-Bele languages
            • Beele (or Bele, Àbéélé, Bellawa) [bxq] (disabled)
            • Bole (or Bolewa, Bolawa, Bolanchi, Borpika, Daza, Dazawa, Ampika) [bol] (disabled)
              • Fika Bole
              • Gadam-Bara
West Chadic A.3 languages:
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  • Belneng [?]
  • Yiwom [gek] (disabled)
  • Ngas [anc] (disabled)
    • Hill Angas
    • Plain Angas
  • Mwaghavul [sur] (disabled)
    • Mupun
    • Panyam
    • Takas
  • Kofyar-Mushere-Chip languages
    • Miship [mjs] (disabled)
      • Doka (Nigeria)
    • Cakfem-Mushere-Jibyal [cky] (disabled)
    • Chakfem
    • Mushere
    • Pan-Chakato (or Jibyal-Jakato) languages
      • Jakato (or Chakato) [?]
      • Pan [kwl] (disabled)
        • Jibyal
        • Jipal
        • Kofyar-Doemak
        • Kwagallak
        • Mernyang
        • Nteng
        • Bwal-Goram
          • Bwall
          • Gworam
  • Goemaic languages
    • Goemai [ank] (disabled)
    • Montol [mtl] (disabled)
      • Baltap-Lalin
      • Nuclear Montol
    • Talic languages
      • Koenoem [kcs] (disabled)
      • Pyapun [pcw] (disabled)
      • Tal [tal] (disabled)
West Chadic A.4 (or Fyer-Tambas-Ronic) languages:
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  • Fyer-Tambas languages
    • Fyer (or Fier) [fie] (disabled)
    • Tambas (or Tambes, Tembis) [tdk] (disabled)
  • Ronic languages
    • Mangar [?]
    • Sha [scw] (disabled)
    • Kulere (or Akande, Akandi, Kande, Korom Boye) [kul] (disabled)
      • Kamwai-Marhai
      • Richa
      • Tof
    • Ron (or Baron, Chala, Challa, Daffo, Bokkos) [cla] (disabled)
      • Bokkos
      • Daffo-Butura
    • Mundat-Karfa languages
      • Duhwa (or Karfa, Kerifa, Sore-Sabaut, Sabei, Nzuhwi) [kbz] (disabled)
      • Mundat [mmf] (disabled)
West Chadic B languages:
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  • West Chadic B.1 (or Bade) languages (see below)
  • West Chadic B.2 languages (see below)
  • West Chadic B.3 (or South Bauchi) languages
    • South Bauchi East (or Boghomic-Guruntumic) languages (see below)
    • South Bauchi West languages
      • Northwest South Bauchi (or Geji-Polcic) languages (see below)
      • Southwest South Bauchi (or Dass-Zeem-Zakse-Saya) languages (see below)
West Chadic B.1 languages:
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  • Duwai (or Eastern Bade, Evji) [dgp] (disabled)
  • Ngizim-Southwestern Bade languages
    • Ngizim (or Ngizimanci, Ngezzim, Ngizmawa, Ngo:djin, Ngojin) [ngi] (disabled)
    • Shira-Southwestern Bade languages
      • Shira languages (†)
        • Auyokawa (or Auyo, Auyakawa, Awiaka) (†) [auo] (disabled)
        • Teshenawa (or Teshena) (†) [twc] (disabled)
      • Bade (Badé, Bede, Bedde, Gidgid) [bde] (disabled)
        • Gashua Bade
        • Shirawa
        • Southern Bade
        • Western Bade
West Chadic B.2 languages:
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  • Ajawa (or Aja, Ajanci) (†) [ajw] (disabled)
  • Ciwogai (or Sago, Tsagu) [tgd] (disabled)
  • Diri (or Diriya, Dirya, Diryawa) [dwa] (disabled)
  • Mburku (or Mburkanci, Burkanawa, Kanawa, Barko, Barke, Lipkawa, Kariya Wuufu, Wudufu) [bbt] (disabled)
  • Pa’a (or Pala, Pa’awa, Fa’awa, Afawa, Afa, Afanci, Fucaka, Foni) [pqa] (disabled)
  • Siri (or Sirawa) [sir] (disabled)
  • Zumbun (or Jimbin, Jimbinawa) [jmb] (disabled)
  • Warji-Gala-Kariya languages
    • Kariya (or Kariya Lipkawa, Kariyu, Kauyawa, Vinahe, Wihe) [kil] (disabled)
    • Warji (or Werji, Warja, Warjawa, Ajawa, Ajanci, Aja, Sarawa, Sar, Sirzakwai) [wji] (disabled)
    • Miya (or Miyawa, Muya) [mkf] (disabled)
      • Demshin
      • Faishang
      • Federe
      • Fursum
      • Gala
South Bauchi East (or Boghomic-Guruntumic) languages:
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  • Boghomic languages
    • Boghom (or Bogghom, Boghorom, Bohom, Borrom, Burom, Bogham, Bokiyim, Burrum, Burum, Burma, Saya Group C, Zaar Group C) [bux] (disabled)
    • Kir-Mangas languages
      • Kir-Balar (or Kir, Kirr, Larbawa) [kkr] (disabled)
      • Mangas [zns] (disabled)
  • Guruntumic (or Gurdung, Gùrdùŋ, Guruntum, Gùrùntùm) languages
    • Jimi (Nigeria) (or Bi-Gimu) [jmi] (disabled)
      • Zumo
    • Guruntum-Mbaaru (or Gurdu-Mbaaru) [grd] (disabled)
      • Dooka
      • Gar
      • Gayar
      • Karakara
      • Kuuku
      • Lungu
      • Mbaaru
    • Tala-Sho-Zangwal languages
      • Ju (or Sho) [juu] (disabled)
      • Tala [tak] (disabled)
      • Zangwal (or Zwangal, Twar) [zah] (disabled)
Northwest South Bauchi (or Geji-Polcic) languages:
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  • Geji (or Gejawa, Gezawa, Kayauri) [gji] (disabled)
    • Bolu (or Pelu, Magang)
    • Nuclear Geji
    • Zaranda (or Buu)
  • Polcic languages
    • Luri (or Lurí, Lúr, Lur) [ldd] (disabled)
    • Polci (or Palci) [plj] (disabled)
      • Baram
      • Buli (Polci)
      • Dir
      • Langas
      • Polchi (or Palchi)
      • Zul
Southwest South Bauchi (or Dass-Zeem-Zakse-Saya) languages:
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  • Dass or (Barawa of Dass, Barawa) [dot] (disabled)
    • Dakshi
    • Durr-Baraza
    • Wandi
    • Zumbul
  • Zeem (or Zeemo) [zua] (disabled)
    • Danshe
    • Lushi
    • Nuclear Zeem
  • Zakse-Saya languages
    • Dyarim [?]
    • Saya (or Sayanci, Sayara, Sayawa, Seiyara, Seiyawa, Seya, Seyawa, Vigzar, Vikzar, Zaar, Gambar Leere, Kal, Lusa) [say] (disabled)
    • Zari (or Zariwa) [zaz] (disabled)
      • Boto
      • Nuclear Zari
      • Zakshi (or Zaksa)
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  • Agaw languages (see below)
  • Beja [bej] (disabled)
    • Ababda
    • Amara (Beja)
    • Beni-Amir
    • Bisharin
    • Hadareb
    • Hadendoa
  • East Cushitic languages
    • Boon [bnl] (disabled)
    • Dahalo [dal] (disabled)
    • Highland East Cushitic languages (see below)
    • Lowland East Cushitic languages (see below)
  • South Cushitic languages
    • Aasax (†) [aas] (disabled)
    • Kw’adza (†) [wka] (disabled)
    • West Rift South Cushitic languages
      • Burunge [bds] (disabled)
      • Northern West Rift South Cushitic languages
        • Alagwa [wbj] (disabled)
        • Iraqwoid languages
          • Gorowa [gow]
          • Iraqw [irk] (disabled)
            • Asa
Agaw languages:
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  • Awngi [awn] (disabled)
    • Dega
    • Kunfäl
    • Kwolla
  • Northern-Eastern-Western Agaw languages
    • Qimant [ahg] (disabled)
      • Dembiya
      • Falasha
      • Kimant
      • Qwara
    • Northeastern Agaw languages
      • Bilin [byn] (disabled)
      • Xamtanga [xan] (disabled)
        • Khamir
        • Transitional Eastern Agaw
          • Kailina
          • Semen Agaw
Highland East Cushitic languages:
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  • Burji [bji] (disabled)
  • Sidaama-Hadiyya-Kambaata languages
    • Sidaama-Gedeo languages
      • Gedeo (or Darassa, Derasanya) [drs] (disabled)
      • Sidamo [sid] (disabled)
    • Hadiyya-Kambaata languages
      • Hadiyyaic languages
        • Libido [liq] (disabled)
        • Hadiyya [hdy] (disabled)
          • Leemo
          • Soro
      • Kambaataic languages
        • Alaba-K’abeena [alw] (disabled)
        • Kambaata [ktb] (disabled)
          • Qebena
          • Tambaro
          • Timbaro
Lowland East Cushitic languages:
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  • Saho-Afar languages
    • Afar [aa]
      • Aussa
      • Baadu
      • Central Afar
      • Northern Afar
    • Saho [ssy] (disabled)
      • Central Saho
        • Dabrimeela
        • Minifire
      • Northern Saho
        • Assaorta
        • Tharuuca
      • Southern Saho
        • Irob
        • Xazo
  • Southern Lowland East Cushitic languages
    • Mainstream Lowland East Cushitic languages
    • Transversal Lowland East Cushitic languages
      • Yaaku [muu] (disabled)
      • Dullay languages
        • Tsamai [tsb] (disabled)
        • Ale-Gawwada [gwd] (disabled)
          • Dihina
          • Gergere
          • Gobeze
          • Gollango
          • Gorose
          • Harso
Omo-Tana languages:
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  • Western Omo-Tana languages
    • El Molo (†) [elo] (disabled)
    • Arbore [arv] (disabled)
    • Daasanach [dsh] (disabled)
  • Eastern Omo-Tana languages
    • Girirra [?]
    • Rendille [rel] (disabled)
    • Maay (or Af-Maymay, Rahanween) [ymm] (disabled)
      • Af-Helledi
    • Baiso-Jiiddu languages
      • Baiso [bsw] (disabled)
      • Jiiddu [jii] (disabled)
    • Dabarre-Tunni languages
      • Tunni [tqq] (disabled)
      • Dabarre [dbr] (disabled)
        • Iroole
        • Nuclear Dabarre
    • Somali [so]
      • Af-Ashraaf
      • Benaadir
      • Degodia
      • Northern Somali
      • Ogaden
    • Karre-Boni languages
      • Garre [gex] (disabled)
      • Aweer (or Boni, Ogoda, Sanye) [bob] (disabled)
        • Kilii
        • Nuclear Aweer
          • Baddey Aweer
          • South Aweer
            • Bireeri Aweer'
            • Central Aweer
              • Jara Aweer
              • Kijee Aweer
              • Safaree Aweer
Oromoid languages:
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  • Konsoid languages
    • Konso [kxc] (disabled)
    • Gidole-Bussa languages
      • Bussa (or D’oopace, Dobase, Goraze, Lohu, Mosiye) [dox] (disabled)
      • Dirasha (or Gardula, Ghidole) [gdl] (disabled)
  • Oromo (or Nuclear Oromo languages) macrolanguage [om]
    • West Central Oromo [gaz] (disabled)
      • Mecha
      • Tulema
      • Western Oromo
    • Central-Eastern Oromo languages
      • South-East-North Oromo languages
      • Central Oromo languages
        • Orma [orc] (disabled)
          • Munyo
          • Nuclear Orma
          • Orma (Kenya)
        • Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo [gax] (disabled)
          • Arsi
          • Gabra
          • Guji
          • Kereyu
          • Sakuye
          • Salale
          • Borana
            • Yaabelloo
Egyptian languages:
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  • Ancient Egyptian (†) [egy] (disabled)
    • Archaic Egyptian (before 2600 BC)
    • Old Egyptian (c. 2600 – 2000 BC)
    • Middle Egyptian (c. 2000 – 1350 BC)
    • Late Egyptian (c. 1350 – 700 BC)
    • Demotic Egyptian (c. 700 BC – AD 400)
  • Coptic [cop]
    • Upper Egypt Coptic dialects
      • Sahidic (or Thebaic)
      • Akhmimic
      • Lycopolitan (or Subakhmimic, Assiutic)
    • Lower Egypt Coptic dialects
      • Bohairic (or Memphitic)
      • Fayyumic (or Faiyumic, Bashmuric)
      • Oxyrhynchite (or Mesokemic, or Middle Egyptian)
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North Ethiopic (or Tigre-Tiginya) languages:
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  • Tigrinya [ti]
  • Tigre-Dahalik languages
    • Dahalik [dlk]
    • Tigre [tig]
      • Central Tigre
        • Bet-Guk
        • Mansa’
      • South-Eastern Tigre
        • Gendaˁ
        • Mashalit
        • Massawa
        • Zula
      • North-Western Tigre
        • ˁAd-Tekles
        • ’Algaden
        • Beni-ˁAmer Tigre
        • Habab Tigre
        • Marya Qayah
        • Marya Sallam
South Ethiopic languages:
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  • Transversal South Ethiopian languages
    • Amharic-Argobba languages
    • Harari-East Gurage languages
      • Harari [har] (disabled)
      • Zay (or Zway) [zwa] (disabled)
      • Silte-Wolane languages
        • Silt’e [stv] (disabled)
        • Wolane (or Welene) [wle] (disabled)
  • Outer South Ethiopic languages
    • N-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages
      • Gafat (†) [gft] (disabled)
      • Kistane (or Gurage) [gru] (disabled)
        • Dobi
        • Soddo
    • TT-Group Outer South Ethiopic languages
      • Mesqan [mvz]
      • Inoric languages
        • Mesmes (†) [mys] (disabled)
        • Inor [ior] (disabled)
          • Enegegny
          • Gyeto
      • Sebat Bet Gurage [sgw] (disabled)
        • Chaha
        • Ezha
        • Gumer
        • Gura (Semitic)
        • Gyeto (Sebat Bet Gurage)
Modern South Arabian languages:
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  • Hobyot-Western Modern South Arabian languages
    • Hobyót [hoh] (disabled)
    • Western Modern South Arabian languages
      • Bathari [bhm] (disabled)
      • Harsusi [hss] (disabled)
      • Mehri [gdq] (disabled)
        • Eastern Mehri
        • Nagdi
        • Western Mehri
  • Eastern Modern South Arabian languages
    • Jibbali (or Shehri) [shv] (disabled)
      • Central Jibbali
      • Kuria Muria
      • Western Jibbali
    • Soqotri [sqt] (disabled)
      • ’Abd Al-Kuri
      • Central Soqotri
      • Southern Soqotri
      • Western Soqotri
      • Northern Soqotri
        • North Central Soqotri
        • Northwest Central Soqotri
Sayhadic languages:
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  • Hadrami (†) [xhd] (disabled)
  • Minaean (†) [inm] (disabled)
  • Qatabanian (†) [xbt] (disabled)
  • Sabaic (†) [xsa] (disabled)
  • Jabal Razih [rzh] (disabled)
Arabian languages:
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  • Ancient North Arabian (†) [xna] (disabled)
    • Dadanitic
    • Dumaitic
    • Hasaitic
    • Hismaic
    • Safaitic
    • Taymanitic
  • Arabic languages
    • Standard Arabic [ar]
    • Arabian Peninsula Arabic languages
      • Baharna Arabic [abv] (disabled)
      • Dhofari Arabic [adf] (disabled)
      • Hadrami Arabic [ayh] (disabled)
      • Omani Arabic [acx] (disabled)
      • Sanaani Arabic [ayn] (disabled)
      • Shihhi Arabic [ssh] (disabled)
      • Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq] (disabled)
        • Adeni
        • Ta'izzi
      • Judeo-Yemeni Arabic [jye] (disabled)
        • ’Aden
        • Beda
        • Habban
        • San’a
      • Hijazi Arabic [acw] (disabled)
        • Coastal Tihaamah
        • North Hijazi
        • South Hijazi
        • Valley Tihaamah
      • Gulf Arabic [afb] (disabled)
        • Al-Hasâ
        • Al-Hasaa
        • Bahraini Gulf Arabic
        • Khamseh
        • Kuwaiti Hadari Arabic
        • North Qatari Arabic
        • South Qatari Arabic
        • Zubair-Faau Arabic
      • Najdi Arabic [ars] (disabled)
        • North Najdi
        • Qasim-Dhafir
        • Central Najdi
          • Anizah of the Syrian desert
          • Arid-Washm-Sudair
          • Central Bedouin Najdi
        • South Najdi
          • al-Murrah-Ajman
          • Najran-Ghatan
    • Eastern Arabic languages
      • Khorasan Arabic [?]
      • Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Arabic languages
      • Mesopotamian Arabic languages
    • Levantine Arabic languages
      • Cypriot Maronite Arabic [acy] (disabled)
      • North Levantine Arabic [apc] (disabled)
        • Aleppo
        • Beqaa Arabic
        • Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic
        • Jdaideh Arabic
        • North-Central Lebanese Arabic
        • North Lebanese Arabic
        • Saida Sunni Arabic
        • South-Central Lebanese Arabic
        • South Lebanese Arabic
        • Standard Lebanese Arabic
        • Sunni Beiruti Arabic
      • South Levantine Arabic [ajp] (disabled)
        • Fellahi
        • Madani
    • Egyptic Arabic languages
      • Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic [avl] (disabled)
        • Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
        • North Levantine Bedawi Arabic
        • Nuclear Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
        • South Levantine Bedawi Arabic
      • Egypto-Sudanic Arabic languages
        • Egyptian Arabic [arz]
          • Cairene Arabic
          • North Delta Arabic
          • South Central Delta Arabic
        • Saidi Arabic [aec] (disabled)
          • Middle Egypt Arabic
          • Upper Egypt Arabic
        • Sudanese-Chadian Arabic languages
    • North African Arabic languages
      • Maltese [mt]
        • Gozo
        • Port Maltese
        • Rural Central Maltese
        • Rural East Maltese
        • Rural West Maltese
        • Standard Maltese
        • Zurrieq
      • Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic [yud] (disabled)
      • Libyan Arabic [ayl] (disabled)
        • Eastern Libyan Arabic
        • Southern Libyan Arabic
        • Tripolitanian Arabic
        • Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
      • Judeo-Tunisian Arabic [ajt]
        • Tunis
      • Tunisian Arabic [aeb]
        • North-Western Tunisian
        • Sahil
        • Sfax
        • South-Eastern Tunisian
        • South-Western Tunisian
        • Tunis (Tunisian Arabic)
      • Algerian Saharan Arabic [aao] (disabled)
      • Algerian Arabic [arq]
        • Algiers
        • Constantine
        • Oran
      • Judeo-Moroccan Arabic [aju] (disabled)
      • Moroccan-Andalusian Arabic languages
        • Andalusian Arabic (†) [xaa] (disabled)
        • Moroccan Arabic [ary]
          • Fez. Meknes
          • Jebli
          • Marrakech
          • Oujda
          • Rabat-Casablanca Arabic
          • Southern Morocco Arabic
          • Tangier
      • Hassaniyya [mey] (disabled)
Aramaic languages:
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  • Old Aramaic (up to 700 BCE) (†) [oar]
  • Imperial Aramaic (or Official Aramaic) (700-300 BCE) (†) [arc]
  • Western Aramaic languages
    • Palestinian Jewish Aramaic (†) [jpa] (disabled)
    • Samaritan Aramaic (†) [sam] (disabled)
    • Western Neo-Aramaic [amw] (disabled)
      • Bakh’a
      • Jub-’adin
      • Maaloula
  • Eastern Aramaic languages
    • Classical Syriac (†) [syc]
      • Eastern Syriac
      • Western Syriac
    • Macro-Mandaic languages
      • Classical Mandaic (†) [myz] (disabled)
      • Mandaic [mid] (disabled)
        • Ahwaz
        • Iraqi Neo-Mandaic
        • Shushtar
    • Central Eastern Aramaic languages
      • North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages (see below)
      • Bohtan languages
        • Gardabani Bohtan Neo-Aramaic [bhn] (disabled)
        • Hertevin [hrt] (disabled)
          • Hértevin Proper
          • Jinet
          • Umraya
      • Turoyo-Mlahso languages
        • Mlahsô (†) [lhs] (disabled)
        • Turoyo [tru]
          • Anhil
          • Iwardo
          • Kfarze
          • Midin
          • Midyat
          • Raite
North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic languages:
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  • Jewish Babylonian Aramaic (ca. 200-1200 CE) (or Babylonian Talmudic Aramaic) (†) [tmr] (disabled)
  • Northwestern Jewish Neo-Aramaic languages
    • Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic [bjf] (disabled)
      • Barzan
      • Bijil
      • Sandu
      • Shahe
    • Lishana Deni [lsd] (disabled)
      • Amadiya
      • Atrush
      • Barashe
      • Bétanure
      • Dohuk
      • Nerwa
      • Shukho
      • Zakho (Lishana Deni)
  • Neo-Syriac (or Sooreth, Suret, Soorath, Soorith, Suras, Sureth) macrolanguage [syr] (disabled)
    • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic [cld] (disabled)
      • Alqosh
      • Bartille
      • Dihok
      • Mangesh
      • Shirnak-Chizre
      • Tel Kepe
      • Tisqopa
    • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic [aii] (disabled)
      • Iranian Koine
      • Urmian group
        • Sipurghan
        • Solduz
        • Urmi
      • Central Group
        • Anhar
        • Mar Bishu
        • Nochiya
        • Tergawar
      • Western Group
        • Lewin
        • Lower Barwari
        • Tal (Aramaic)
        • Tkhuma
      • Sapna cluster
        • Aradhin
        • Benatha
        • Daudiya
        • Inishke
        • Tina
      • Northern Group
        • Baz
        • Dez
        • Gavar (Aramaic)
        • Jilu
        • Qudshanis
        • Salamas
        • Upper Barwari
        • Van (Aramaic)
  • Trans-Zab languages
    • South-Eastern Trans-Zab languages
      • Senaya [syn] (disabled)
      • Hulaulá [huy] (disabled)
        • Kerend
        • Sanandaj
        • Saqiz
        • Suleimaniya
    • Lishán Didán [trg] (disabled)
      • Northern Cluster Lishán Didán
        • Anatolia
        • Salmas
      • Southern Cluster Lishán Didán
        • Mahabad
        • Naghada
        • Ushno
    • Western Trans-Zab languages
      • Koy Sanjaq Surat [kqd] (disabled)
      • Lishanid Noshan [aij] (disabled)
        • Ranye
        • Shaqlawa
        • Western cluster
          • Arbel
          • Dobe
        • Eastern cluster
          • Northeastern varieties
            • Rustaqa
            • Rwanduz
          • Southeastern varieties
            • Koy Sanjaq
            • Qaladze
Canaanite languages:
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  • Dime (or Dim-af, Dim-ap, Dima) [dim] (disabled)
  • AHK (or Aari-Hamer-Karo) languages
    • Aari-Gayil (or Bako, Boko) languages
      • Aari (or Aarai, Aari, Ari, Ara, Aro) [aiw] (disabled)
      • Gayil (or Ari-Galila) [gyl] (disabled)
    • Hamer-Karo (or Hamer-Bana-Kara) languages
      • Hamer-Banna (or Amar, Bana, Hamar-Koke) [amf] (disabled)
      • Karo (Ethiopia) (or Kara, Kere, Kerre, Cherre) [kxh] (disabled)
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  • Dizin (or Dizi, Dizi-Maji, Dizu, Sizi, Maji, Twoyu) [mdx] (disabled)
  • Nayi (or Naya, Na’o, Nao) [noz] (disabled)
  • Sheko (or Shekko, Shekka, Shakko, Shako, Tschako, Shak) [she] (disabled)
    • Bulla
    • Dorsha
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  • Bench (or Benc’, Bencho, Bensho, Dizu, Ghimarra, Gimarra, Gimira, Kaba) [bcq] (disabled)
    • Mer (Bench)
    • Nuclear Bench
    • She (Ethiopia)
  • Yemsa (or Yem, Yemma, Janjero, Janjor, Janjerinya, Yangaro, Zinjero) [jnj] (disabled)
    • Fuga of Jimma
    • Toba (Ethiopia)
  • Kefoid languages
    • Anfillo (or Mao, South Mao, Southern Mao) [myo] (disabled)
    • Boro (Ethiopia) (or Boró, Bworo, Scinacia, Shinasha, Shinassha) [bwo] (disabled)
      • Amuru
      • Gamila
      • Guba (Ethiopia)
      • Wembera
    • South Gonga languages
      • Shekkacho (or Shakacho, Shekka, Moca, Mocha) [moy] (disabled)
      • Kafa (or Kaffa, Kafficho, Kaficho, Kefa, Kefa-Mocha, Keffa, Caffino, Garo, Manjo) [kbr] (disabled)
        • Bosha
        • Nuclear Kafa
  • Ometo languages
    • Chara (or C’ara, Ciara) [cra] (disabled)
    • East Ometo languages
      • Koorete (or Koore, Koré, Koyra, Kwera, Badditu, Badittu, Baditu, Amaarro, Amarro, Gidiccho, Nuna) [kqy] (disabled)
      • Kachama-Ganjule-Haro (or Kachama-Ganjule, Gatame, Gats’ame, Gats’amé, Gatsame, Get’eme, Gidicho, Qechem, Haruro) [kcx] (disabled)
        • Ganjule (or Ganjulé, Ganjawle)
        • Ganta
        • Kachama
      • Zayse-Zergulla (or Zaysé-Zergulla) [zay] (disabled)
        • Zayse (or Zaysé, Zaysse, Zeyse)
        • Zergulla
    • North-West Ometo languages
      • Basketo (or Basketto, Baskatta, Mesketo) [bst] (disabled)
      • Male (Ethiopia) (or Malé, Maale, Maalé) [mdy] (disabled)
      • Central Ometo languages
        • Dorze (or Dorzé, Geresé) [doz] (disabled)
        • Melo (or Mello, Malo) [mfx] (disabled)
        • Oyda (or Oida) [oyd] (disabled)
        • Wolaytta (or Wolayta, Wolaita, Wolaitta, Wolataita, Wolamo, Uollamo, Walamo, Wallamo, Welaitta, Welamo, Wellamo, Wollamo, Ualamo, Borodda, Gemu, Gofa, Ometo, Uba) [wal] (disabled)
          • Zala
        • Dawro-Gofa-Gamo languages
          • Dawro (or Konta, Kullo) [dwr] (disabled)
          • Gamo (or Gemu, Gereze, Dache) [gmv] (disabled)
          • Gofa [gof] (disabled)

Ainu languages

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  • Sakhalin Ainu (†) [?]
  • Hokkaido-Kuril Ainu languages

Algic languages

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  • Wiyot (†) [wiy]
  • Yurok (†) [yur]
  • Algonquian languages
    • Cheyenne [chy]
    • Menominee [mez]
    • Arapahoic languages
      • Nawathinehena [nwa]
      • Arapaho-Gros Ventre-Besawunena languages
        • Arapaho [arp]
        • Atsina (or Gros Ventre) (†) [ats]
    • Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages (see below)
    • Eastern Algonquian languages (see below)
    • Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages (see below)
    • Siksika (or Blackfoot)] [bla]
      • Blood
      • Piegan
Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi languages:
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Eastern Algonquian languages:
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  • Carolina Algonquian (†) [crr]
  • Powhatan (or Virginia Algonquianealg, Virginia Algonquian, Virginia Algonquin, Virginia Algonkian) (†) [pim]
  • Western Abenaki (or Western Abenaqui, Western Abnaki, St Francis Abenaqui, St. Francis Abenaqui) [abe]
  • Delawaran languages
    • Mahican (or Mohican, Mohegan) (†) [mjy]
    • Delaware (or Common Delaware) [del] macrolanguage
      • Munsee (or Munsee (Canada), Munsee Delaware) [umu]
      • Unami (or Unamí, Unami Delaware, Lenni-Lenape, Lenape, Tla Wilano) (†) [unm]
  • Eastern Abenaki (or Eastern Abnaki, Eastern Abenaqui) (†) [aaq]
    • Penobscot
  • Malecite-Passamaquoddy (or Malecite Cluster, Pennacook) [pqm]
    • Malecite (or Maliseet)
    • Passamaquoddy
  • Micmac (or Mi’kmaq, Mi’kmag, Mi’kmaw, Mi’gmaq, Mi’gmaw, Miigmao, Restigouche) [mic]
    • Northern Micmac
    • Southern Micmac
  • Nanticoke-Conoy (or Nanticoke-Piscataway) languages (†)
    • Nanticoke (or Nanticoke-Conoy) (†) [nnt]
    • Piscataway (†) [psy]
  • Southern New England Algonquian languages (†)
    • Loup A (or Nipmuc, Nipmuck) (†) [xlo]
    • Wampano (†) [qyp]
    • Wampanoag (or Wamponoag, Wôpanâak, Massachusetts, Massachusett, Massachusett-Narragansett, Natick) (†) [wam]
    • Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett (†) [mof]
      • Montauk
      • Narrangansett
      • Pequot-Mohegan
      • Stockbridge
Eastern Great Lakes Algonquian languages:
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Altaic languages (?)

Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Altaic family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
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Mongolic-Khitan languages

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Eastern Mongolic languages:
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Southern Periphery Mongolic languages:
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  • East Yugur (or Shera Yogur, Enger, Mongolic Yellow Uighur) [yuy]
  • Shirongol languages
    • Monguor (or Tu) [mjg]
      • Huzhu (or Huzhu Monguor)
      • Minhe (or Minhe Monguor, Minxe)
    • Baoanic languages
      • Kangjia (or Kangyang Hui) [kxs]
      • Bonan (or Boan, Bao’an, Baoan, Baonan, Pao-an, Paoan, Paongan, Qinghai Bonan, Buddhist Bonan, Gansu Bonan, Islamic Bonan, Moslem Bonan) [peh]
        • Jishishan (or Dahejia, Dajiahe)
        • Tongren (or Tung-yên, Tungyen)
      • Dongxiang (or Dunshan, Tsung-Hsiang, Tung, Tsung, Tunghsiang, Santa) [sce]
        • Sijiaji
        • Suonanba
        • Wangjiaji
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  • Central Manchu languages (see below)
  • Northern Manchu languages (see below)
  • Manchu-Jurchen languages
    • Jurchen [juc]
    • Southwest Tungusic languages
Central Manchu languages
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  • Central-Eastern Tungusic languages
    • Kilen [?]
    • Oroch [oac]
      • Kjakela
      • Namunka
      • Orichen
      • Tez
    • Udihe [ude]
      • Anjuski
      • Bikin
      • Iman
      • Khor
      • Khungari
      • Samargin
      • Sikhota Alin
  • Central-Western Tungusic languages
    • Nanai [gld]
      • Akani
      • Birar
      • Kila
      • Kuro-Urmi
      • Samagir
      • Sunggari
      • Torgon
      • Ussuri
    • Ulchaic languages
      • Ulch [ulc]
      • Orok [oaa]
        • Poronaisk
        • Val-Nogliki
Northern Manchu languages
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  • Even [eve]
    • Arman
    • Eastern Even
      • Berjozovka
      • Kamchatka
      • Kolyma-Omolon
      • Okhotsk
      • Ola
      • Sakkyryr
      • Upper Kolyma
    • Middle Even
      • Allaikha
      • Moma Even
      • Tompon
    • Western Even
      • Indigirka
      • Lamunkhin
      • Tjugasjir
  • Northwestern Tungusic languages
    • Evenki [evn] (disabled)
      • Aoluguya
      • Chenba'erhu
      • Haila’er Evenki
      • Huihe
      • Morigele
    • Negidal [neg]
      • Nizovsk
      • Verkhovsk
    • Oroqen [orh]
      • Gankui
      • Heilongjiang Oroqen
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  • Bolgar languages
    • Bolgarian (†) [xbo]
    • Chuvash [cv]
      • Anatri
      • Viryal
  • Common Turkic languages
    • Turkic Khalaj (or Chaladsch, Arghu) [klj]
    • Oghuz languages (see below)
    • Kipchak languages (see below)
    • Turkestan Turkic languages (see below)
    • Central Siberian Turkic languages (see below)
    • North Siberian Turkic languages
Oghuz languages:
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  • Salar [slr]
    • Jiezi
    • Mengda
  • Nuclear Oghuz languages
    • Qashqa'i [qxq]
    • Central Oghuz languages
    • East Oghuz languages
      • Khorasani Turkish (or Quchani) [kmz]
        • North Quchani
        • South Quchani
        • West Quchani
      • Turkmen (or Turkoman) [tk]
        • Anauli
        • Cawdur
        • Esari
        • Goklen
        • Khasarli
        • Nerezim
        • Nokhurli
        • Salyr
        • Saryq
        • Teke
        • Yomud
    • West Oghuz languages
      • Gagauz [gag]
        • Bulgar Gagauz
        • Maritime Gagauzi
      • Rumelian Turkish (or Balkan Gagauz) [bgx]
        • Danubian
        • Gajol
        • Gerlovo Turks
        • Kyzylbash
        • Razgrad
        • Surguch
        • Tozluk Turks
      • Turkish [tr]
        • Cypriot Turkish
        • Karamanli
        • Syrian Turkmen Turkish
        • Anatolian Turkish
          • Dinler
          • Edirne
          • Eskisehir
          • Gaziantep
          • Urfa
          • Yuruk
Kipchak languages:
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  • Pecheneg (†) [xpc]
  • East Kipchak languages
  • North Kipchak languages
    • Bashkir [ba]
      • Burzhan
      • Kuvakan
      • Yurmaty
    • Tatar (or Volga-Ural Tatar, Kazan) [tt]
      • Astrakhan Tatar
      • Kasimov
      • Middle Tatar
      • Tepter
      • Ural
      • Western Tatar
      • Eastern Tatar
        • Baraba
        • Tom
        • Tobol-Irtysh
          • Tara (Turkic)
          • Tevriz
          • Tobol
          • Tyumen
          • Zabolotny
  • South Kipchak languages
    • Karakalpak (or Kara-Kalpak) [kaa]
      • Northeastern Karakalpak
      • Southeastern Karakalpak
    • Kazakh [kk]
      • Northeastern Kazakh
      • Southern Kazakh
      • Western Kazakh
    • Nogai [nog]
      • Alabugat Tatar
      • Black Nogai
      • Central Nogai
      • Karagash
      • White Nogai
      • Yurt Tatar
  • West Kipchak languages
    • Krymchak [jct]
    • Crimean Tatar-Urum languages
    • Karachay-Balkar [krc]
      • Balkar
      • Karachay
    • Karaim [kdr]
      • Eastern Karaim
      • Western Karaim
        • Northwestern Karaim
        • Southwestern Karaim
          • Halych Karaim
          • Lutsk Karaim
    • Kumyk [kum]
      • Buinaksk
      • Khaikent
      • Khasavyurt
Turkestan Turkic languages:
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  • Old Turkic (or Old Uighur) (†) [oui]
    • Orkhon Turkic
    • Qarakhanid
  • Uyghur-Uzbek languages
    • Chagatai (†) [chg]
    • Modern Uyghur-Uzbek languages
      • Uighur-Ili languages
        • Ili Turki [ili]
        • Uyghur (or Uighur) [ug]
          • Khotan
          • Lopnor
          • Central Uyghur
            • Ili
            • Kashgar-Atush
            • Qomul
            • Turfan
            • Urumqi
            • Tarim-Moghal-Kucha
              • Kucha
              • Moghal
              • Tarim
      • Uzbek [uz] macrolanguage
Central Siberian Turkic languages:
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  • Siberian Tatar [sty]
  • South Siberian Turkic languages
    • Northern Altai (or Kumandin, Telengit, Teleut) [atv] (disabled)
    • Chulym Turkic (or Küerik, Ostiaki, Tchoulyme, Ös til) [clw]
      • Lower Chulym Turkic
        • Chibi
        • Ketsik
        • Küärik
        • Yatsi
        • Yezhi
      • Middle Chulym Turkic
        • Melet
        • Tutal
    • Sayan languages
      • Taiga Sayan Turkic (or Sayan Samoyed, Karagas, Tofa) [kim]
        • Dukha
        • Soyot
        • Todja
        • Tofa
        • Tuha
      • Tuvinian (or Tuvin, Tuvan, Soyod) [tyv]
        • Central Tuvin
        • Northeastern Tuvin
        • Southeastern Tuvin
        • Tuba-Kizhi
        • Western Tuvin
    • Yenisei-East Siberian Turkic languages
      • East Siberian Turkic languages
        • Ainu (China) (or Abdal, Aini, Eynu) [aib]
        • West Yugur (or Sari Yogur, or Turkic Yellow Uighur) [ybe]
      • Yenisey Turkic languages

Araucanian languages

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Arawakan (or Maipuran) languages

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  • Central Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Northern Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Eastern Maipuran languages
    • Marawan (†) [?]
    • Palikúr [plu]
  • Western Maipuran languages
    • Yanesha’ [ame]
    • Chamicuro-Morike languages
      • Chamicuro [ccc]
      • Morike (†) [?]
  • Southern Maipuran languages
Central Maipuran languages:
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  • Paresi-Saraveka-Saluma languages
    • Enawené-Nawé [unk]
    • Parecís [pab]
    • Saraveca (†) [sar]
  • Xinguan Arawak languages
    • Yawalapití [yaw]
    • Waura-Mehinaku-Kustenau languages
      • Kustenau (†) [?]
      • Waura-Mehinaku languages
        • Mehináku [mmh]
        • Waurá [wau]
Northern Maipuran languages:
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  • Apolista (†) [?]
  • Alto Orinoco languages (see below)
  • Caribbean Arawakan languages (see below)
  • Inland Northern Maipuran languages (see below)
  • Jurua-Jutai languages (†)
    • Araicu (†) [?]
    • Maragua (†) [?]
  • Negro-Roraima languages (see below)
Alto Orinoco languages:
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  • Maipure-Avane languages (†)
    • Maipure (†) [?]
    • Avane (†) [bvv]
      • Baniva-Avani
      • Quirruba
  • Pareni languages
    • Yavitero (†) [yvt]
    • Baniva de Maroa (or Guarekena) [gae]
      • Baniva de Guainia
      • Warekéna do Xiê
Caribbean Arawakan languages:
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  • Lokono [arw]
  • Taino (†) [tnq]
  • Guajiro-Paraujano languages
    • Wayuu [guc]
    • Paraujano [pbg]
      • Alile
      • Toa
  • Island Carib-Garifuna languages
    • Garifuna [cab]
      • Eastern Garifuna
      • Western Garifuna
    • Island Carib [crb]
      • Vincentian
Inland Northern Maipuran languages:
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  • Alto Negro languages
    • Anauyá (†) [?]
    • Baré [bae]
    • Guinau (†) [?]
    • Yabaâna (†) [?]
  • Japura-Colombia languages
    • Jumana (†) [?]
    • Kaishana (†) [?]
    • Passe (†) [?]
    • Resígaro [rgr]
    • Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages (see below)
Nuclear Japura-Colombia languages:
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  • Cabiyarí [cbb]
  • Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages (see below)
  • Piapoco-Achagua languages
    • Achagua [aca]
    • Piapoco [pio]
  • Warekena-Mandahuaca languages
    • Mandahuaca (†) [mht]
    • Warekena Velha (or Old Warekena) [?]
  • Yucunic languages
    • Guaru (†) [?]
    • Uainuma-Mariate (†) [?]
    • Yucuna [ycn]
Baniwa-Curripaco-Tariano languages:
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  • Baniwa-Curripaco languages
    • Baniwa do Icana [bwi]
      • Hohodené
      • Siusy-Tapuya
    • Curripaco [kpc]
      • Korripako
      • Unhun
  • Tariana [tae]
    • Kumandene Tariana
    • Periquitos-Santa Rosa Tariana
      • Periquitos Tariana
      • Santa Rosa Tariana
Negro-Roraima languages:
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  • Aruan (†) [?]
  • Bahuanaic languages (†)
    • Cariay (†) [?]
    • Manao (†) [?]
    • Uirina (†) [?]
    • Xiriâna (†) [xir]
  • Wapishanan languages
    • Atorada [aox]
    • Mapidian-Mawayana [mpw]
    • Mawakwa (†) [?]
    • Wapishana [wap]
      • Amariba
      • Atorai
Bolivia-Parana languages:
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  • Magiana (†) [?]
  • Baure-Paikoneka languages
    • Paiconeca (†) [?]
    • Baure-Carmelito-Joaquiniano languages
      • Baure [brg]
      • Joaquiniano (†) [?]
  • Moxo-Paunaca languages
    • Paunaca [pnk]
    • Moxo languages
      • Ignaciano [ign]
      • Trinitario [trn]
        • Javierano
        • Loreto
  • Terena-Kinikinao-Chane [ter]
    • Chané
    • Kinikinao
    • Terena
Pre-Andine Maipuran languages:
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  • Nomatsiguenga [not]
  • Asha-Ashe-Kak-Matsi-Nan languages
    • Asha-Ashe-Kak languages
      • Caquinte [cot]
      • Ashe-Asha languages
        • Asháninka [cni]
        • Ashe-Asha Norte languages
          • Ajyíninka Apurucayali [cpc]
          • Ashéninka Perené [prq]
          • Pichis Ashéninka [cpu]
          • Ucayali-Yurúa Ashéninka [cpb]
        • Asheninka languages
          • Ashéninka Pajonal [cjo]
          • South Ucayali Ashéninka [cpy]
    • Matsi-Nan languages
      • Machiguenga [mcb]
      • Nanti (or Cogapacori) [cox]
Purus languages:
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  • Apurinã [apu]
  • Inaparic languages
    • Iñapari [inp]
    • Pacaguara-Mercier (†) [?]
  • Yineic languages
    • Machinere [mpd]
    • Western Yineic languages
      • Mashco Piro [cuj]
      • Yine [pib]
        • Madre de Dios Yine
        • Urubamba Yine

Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit (or Na-Dene) languages

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  • Tlingit (or Tlingitan Isolate, Tlinkit, Thlinget, Koluschan, Coluchano) [tli] (disabled)
    • Southern Tlingit
    • Tongass
    • Northern Tlingit
      • Central Northern Tlingit
      • Gulf Coast Northern Tlingit
      • Inland Northern Tlingit
      • Transitional Northern Tlingit
  • Athabaskan-Eyak languages
    • Eyak (or Eyaco, dAXunhyuuga’) (†) [eya] (disabled)
    • Athabaskan languages
      • Tsetsaut (or Ts’ets’aut, Mountain Athabaskan) (†) [txc] (disabled)
      • Sarsi (or Sarcee, Tsutina, Tsuu T’ina, Tsuut’ina) [srs] (disabled)
      • Apachean languages (see below)
      • Central Alaska-Yukon Athabaskan (see below)
      • Central British Columbia Athabaskan languages (see below)
      • Northwestern Canada Athabaskan (see below)
      • Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages (see below)
      • Southern Athabaskan languages (see below)
Apachean languages:
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  • Kiowa Apache (or Oklahoma Apache, Plains Apache, Na’isha, Na-isha, Llanero) (†) [apk] (disabled)
  • Southwestern Apachean languages
    • Eastern Southwestern Apachean (or Eastern Apache) languages
      • Lipan Apache (or Lipán) (†) [apl] (disabled)
      • Jicarilla Apache (or Hikariya) [apj] (disabled)
    • Western Southwestern Apachean
      • Mescalero-Chiricahua Apache [apm] (disabled)
      • Navajo (or Navaho, Diné) [nv]
      • Western Apache, White River Apache, San Carlos Apache, San Carlos Cluster, San Carlos-Southern Tonto, Tonto, Arivaipa, Cibecu, Coyotero) [apw] (disabled)
Central British Columbia Athabaskan languages:
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  • Chilcotin-Nicola (or Tinneh) [clc] (disabled)
    • Nicola Valley Athabaskan
    • Tsilhqut’in (Tsilhqot’in, Tzilkotin, Chilcotin, Chilcotín)
  • Carrieric (or Carrier) languages
    • Witsuwit’en-Babine (or Northern Carrier) [bcr] (disabled)
      • Babine-Takla (or Babine, Babine Carrier)
      • Witsuwit’en
    • Dakelh languages
      • Central Carrier [crx] (disabled)
        • Nak’azdli
        • Tl’azt’en
        • Yekooche
      • Southern Carrier [caf] (disabled)
        • Blackwater Carrier
          • Kluskus
          • Nazko
          • Red Bluff
          • Ulgatcho
        • Nechako-Fraser
          • Cheslatta
          • Lheidli
          • Nadleh
          • Stellakoh
          • Stoney Creek
Central Alaska-Yukon Athabaskan languages:
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  • Gwichin-Han languages
    • Gwich’in (or Kutchin, Kuchin, Loucheux, Takudh, Tukudh) [gwi] (disabled)
      • Alaskan Kutchin
      • Canadian Kutchin
    • Han (or Han-Kutchin, Moosehide) [haa] (disabled)
      • Dawson Han
      • Eagle Han
  • Koyukonic languages
    • Holikachuk (or Innoko, Upper Innoko) (†) [hoi] (disabled)
    • Degexit’an (or Ingalik, Ingalit, Deg Hit’an, Deg Xinag, Deg Xit’an, Degexit’an, Kaiyuh-khotana) [ing] (disabled)
      • Lower Yukon Ingalik
      • Middle Kuskokwim Ingalik
    • Koyukon (or Koyukukhotana, Ten’a, Tena) [koy] (disabled)
      • Central Koyukon
      • Lower Koyukon
      • Upper Koyukon
  • Tanana-Tutchone languages
    • Tutchone languages
      • Northern Tutchone (or Selkirk) [ttm] (disabled)
      • Southern Tutchone (or Dän k’è Kwänje, Dákwänjē) [tce] (disabled)
    • Tananaic (or Tanana, Nabesna) languages
      • Upper Kuskokwim (or Kolchan, Mcgrath Ingalik) [kuu] (disabled)
      • Lower Tanana (or Minto) [taa] (disabled)
        • Chena (Lower Tanana)
        • Minto-Tolovana-Toklat-Nenana-Wood River
        • Salcha-Goodpastor
      • Upper Tananaic languages
        • Tanacross (or Transitional Tanana, Nee’anděg’) [tcb] (disabled)
        • Upper Tanana (or Nee’aanegn) [tau] (disabled)
          • Northway
          • Tetlin
Northwestern Canada Athabaskan languages:
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  • Chipewyan (or Dene Soun’line, Dene Suline, Sluacus-tinneh, Montagnais) [chp]
    • Eastern Chipewyan
    • Old Yellowknife Chipewyan
    • Western Chipewyan
  • Slaveyic languages
  • Cordillera Athabaskan languages
    • Beaver-Sekani languages
      • Beaver (or Castor, Dunne-za, Dane-zaa Záágéʔ) [bea] (disabled)
      • Sekani (or Tsek’ehne, Tsek’ene, Tsek'hene, Tθek’ehne) [sek] (disabled)
    • Nahanni (or Nahane, Tahltan-Kaska) languages
      • Kaska (or Eastern Nahane) [kkz] (disabled)
      • Tagish (or Tagís) [tgx] (disabled)
      • Tahltan (or Nahani, Tahl-tan, Tāłtān) [tht] (disabled)
Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages:
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  • Kwalhioqua-Clatskanie (†) [qwt] (disabled)
    • Clatskanie
    • Kwalhioqua
      • Suwal
      • Willapa
  • California Athabaskan languages
    • Kato (†) [ktw] (disabled)
    • Hupa-Chilula[hup] (disabled)
      • Chilula-Whilkut
      • Hupa
    • Mattole-Bear River (†) [mvb] (disabled)
      • Bear River
      • Mattole
    • Eel River Athabaskan (†) [wlk] (disabled)
      • Lassik
      • Nongatl
      • Sinkyone
      • Wailaki
  • Oregon Athabaskan languages (†)
    • Tolowa-Chetco (or Smith River Athabaskan) (†) [tol] (disabled)
    • Upper Umpqua (†) [xup] (disabled)
    • Rogue River (or Tutuni-Chasta Costa-Coquille, Mishikhwutmetunee) languages (†)
      • Coquille (or Ko’kwel, Chasta Costa) (†) [coq] (disabled)
      • Tututni (or Upper Coquille) (†) [tuu] (disabled)
      • Galice (or Applegate-Galice, Galice-Applegate) (†) [gce] (disabled)
Southern Athabaskan languages:
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  • Dena’ina (or Tanaina, K’naia-khotana, Kinayskiy) [tfn] (disabled)
    • Lower Inlet Denaina
    • Upper Inlet Denaina
  • Ahtena (or Ah-tena, Ahtna, Atna, Mednovskiy) [aht] (disabled)
    • Mentasta
    • Nuclear Ahtna
      • Central Copper River Ahtna
      • Lower Copper River Ahtna
      • Western Ahtna

Austroasiatic languages

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  • Central-Northern Aslian languages
    • North Aslian languages (see below)
    • Senoic languages (see below)
    • Jah Hut (or Jah Het, Eastern Sakai, Ost-Sakai) [jah] (disabled)
      • Kerdau
      • Ketiar Krau
      • Krau
      • Kuala Tembeling
      • Pulau Guai
      • Ulu Ceres
      • Ulu Tembeling
  • South Aslian languages
    • Besisi (or Betise’, Betisek, Belandas, Mah Meri, Mah meri, Southern Sakai, Süd-Sakai, Cellate) [mhe] (disabled)
      • Betise’
      • Kuala Langot Besisi
      • Malakka Besisi
      • Selangor Sakai
      • Sisi
      • Ulu Langat Orang Bukit
    • Semelai-Semaq languages
      • Semaq Beri (or Semaq Bri, Semoq Beri, Ulu Tembeling) [szc] (disabled)
      • Semelai (or Semelai Bera, Bera, Serting) [sza] (disabled)
      • Temoq (or Ulu Indau) [tmo] (disabled)
North Aslian languages:
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  • Chewong (or Che’wong, Che’ Wong, Che wong, Cheq Wong, Siwang, Chuba, Beri) [cwg] (disabled)
  • Maniq-Menraq-Batek languages
    • Maniqic languages
      • Kintaq [knq] (disabled)
      • Maniq (or Mendi, Meni, Menik, Maniq, Mos, Mengo, Moni, Monik, Moniq, Ten’en, Tonga’, Tonga) [tnz] (disabled)
        • Satun
      • Kensiu (or Kensiw, Kensieu, Kenseu, Kense, Ulu Krian, Semang, Kinnauri, Kinaurí, Mawas, Orang Bukit, Orang Liar, Belubn, Ngok Pa, Sakai, Tiong) [kns] (disabled)
        • Ijoh
        • Jarum
        • Jeher
        • Kedah
        • Kensiu Batu
        • Kensiu Siong
        • Kentaq Nakil
        • Plus
        • Ulu Selama
    • Menraq-Batek languages
      • Jedek [?]
      • Minriq (or Mendriq, Menrik, Menri’, Minriq, Menraq) [mnq] (disabled)
      • Jehai (or Jahai, Jehehr, Pangan) [jhi] (disabled)
        • Batek The
        • Nuclear Jehai
      • Batekic languages
        • Mintil (or Mitil) [mzt]
        • Batek (or Bateq, Bateg, Batok, Kleb, Lebir, Nong, Tomo) [btq] (disabled)
          • Batek Nong
          • Batek Teq
Senoic languages:
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  • Semai (or Sengoi, Senoi, Sakai) [sea] (disabled)
    • Betau
    • Bidor
    • Bil
    • Cameron
    • Jelai
    • Lipis
    • Orang Tanjong (Ulu Langat)
    • Perak I
    • Perak II
    • Sungkai
    • Telom
    • Ulu Kampar
  • Lanoh-Semnam-Temiar languages
    • Temiar [tea] (disabled)
      • Grik
      • Kenderong
      • Kenering
      • Lanoh Kobak
      • Po-Klo
      • Sakai of Plus Korbu
      • Sungai Piah
      • Tanjong Rambutan
      • Tembe’
      • Ulu Kinta
    • Lanoh-Semnam languages
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  • North Bahnaric languages (see below)
  • South Bahnaric languages (see below)
  • West Bahnaric languages (see below)
  • Alak (or Arak, Harlak, Hrlak, Hlak, Slouy) [alk] (disabled)
  • Talieng (or Taliang, Tariang, Trieng) [tdf] (disabled)
  • Tampuan (or Tampuen, Tampuon, Tamphuan, Kha Tampuen, Kha Tampuon, Kha, Campuo’n, Campuon, Proon, Proons, Lamam) [tpu] (disabled)
  • Cua (or Bong Miew, Bòng Mieu) [cua] (disabled)
    • Kol (Vietnam) (or Kor)
    • Traw
North Bahnaric languages:
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  • Katua (or Ca Tua) [kta] (disabled)
  • Takua (or Kotua, Quang Tin Katu, Langya) [tkz] (disabled)
  • Lamamic languages
    • Kaco’ (or Kacho’, Kancho, Kachah’, Kachah, Kachok, Kacok, Kacoq) [xkk] (disabled)
    • Romam (or Lamam) [rmx] (disabled)
  • Kayong-Jeh-Halang languages
    • Halang Doan (or Halang Doan, Halang Duan, Doan, Duan) [hld] (disabled)
    • Kayong (or Kagiuong, Cagiuong, Ca Giong, Katang) [kxy] (disabled)
    • Jeh-Halang languages
      • Halang (or Haleng, Halong, Kolong, Koyong, Selong, Salang, Alang) [hal] (disabled)
      • Jeh (or Yeh, Yaeh, Gie, Die) [jeh] (disabled)
        • Jeh Bri La
        • Jeh Mang Ram
  • Hre-Sedang-Todrah-Monam languages
    • Todrah (or Todrá, Didrah, Didra, Dədrah, Modra, Podra, Kodra) [tdr] (disabled)
    • Bonam-Monam languages
      • Monom (or Monam, Menam, Bonom, Bonam) [moo] (disabled)
      • Bahnar (or Bənhàr, Bana) [bdq] (disabled)
        • Alakong
        • Bahnar Bonom
        • Golar (Austroasiatic)
        • Jolong
        • Kontum
        • Krem
        • Tolo
    • Hre-Sedang languages
      • Hre (or Hrê, Cham-Re, Chom, Davak, Davach, Dá-Vách, Moi Da Vach, Moi Dá-vách, Moi Luy, Moi, Tachom) [hre] (disabled)
        • Creq
        • Nuclear Hre
        • Rabah
      • Rengao (or Rangao, Rəngao, Rongao, Ro-Ngao, Hamong) [ren] (disabled)
        • Bahnar-Rengao
        • Sedang-Rengao
        • Western Rengao
      • Sedang (or Sədang, Cadong, Hdang, Hadang, Hotea, Hoteang, Həjung, Xa Dang, Xodang, Kmrang, Kəmrang, Roteang, Rotea, Tang) [sed] (disabled)
        • Central Sedang
        • Dak Sut Sedang
        • Greater Sedang
        • Kon Hring Sedang
        • Kotua Sedang
South Bahnaric languages:
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  • Koho-Maa languages
    • Maa (or Ma, Maa’, Maaq, Ma Krung, Ma Ngan, Ma To, Ma Xop, Chau-Ma, Chauma, Che Ma) [cma] (disabled)
    • Koho (or Kɤho, Kohor, Kahov, Caho, Coho) [kpm] (disabled)
      • Chil (Koho)
      • Kalop
      • Kodu
      • Lac
      • Laya (Austroasiatic)
      • Nop
      • Pru
      • Rion
      • Sop (Austroasiatic)
      • Sre (or Srê)
      • Tala (Vietnam)
      • Tring (Austroasiatic)
  • Mnong-Stieng-Chrau languages
    • Chrau (or Chauro, Choro, Gro, Jro, Ro, Tamun) [crw] (disabled)
    • Stieng languages
      • Budeh Stieng (or Budeh, Southern Stieng, Lower Stieng) [stt] (disabled)
      • Bulo Stieng (or Upper Stieng, Northern Stieng, Xa-Dieng, Xtieng, Stieng, Kediang, Kajiang, Rangah, Rmang) [sti] (disabled)
        • Budip
        • Bulo
    • Mnong (or Mong, Penong, Pnong, Phanong, Phnong, Phong, Nong) languages
      • Eastern Mnong [mng] (disabled)
        • Chil
        • Mnong Gar
        • Mnong Kwanh
        • Mnong Rolom
      • Southern-Central Mnong languages
        • Kraol (or Chrau, Crau, Trao) [rka] (disabled)
        • Southern Mnong [mnn] (disabled)
          • Bunong (or Bu Nong, Bunong)
          • Prang (Southern Mnong)
        • Central Mnong (or Central Mong) [cmo] (disabled)
          • Biat (or Bhiét, Biet)
          • Bu Dang (or Budang, Budong)
          • Bu Nar
          • Bu Rung
          • Dih Bri
          • Préh
West Bahnaric languages:
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  • Lawi [lvi] (disabled)
  • Trieng (or Treng, Strieng, Ta-Rieng, Talieng, Tareh, Gie-Trieng, Giang Ray, Dgiéh, Pin) [stg] (disabled)
  • Nuclear West Bahnaric
    • Sapuan (or Sapouan, Sapuor) [spu] (disabled)
    • Nyaheun (or Nyahuen, Nyahön, Niahon, Nia Hoen, Nyah Heuny, Nha Heun, Ña-hu’n, Yaheun, Hin, Hoen, Hu’n, Hun, Prou) [nev] (disabled)
    • Oy (or Oi, Euy, Huei) [oyb] (disabled)
      • Inn Tea
      • Jeng
      • Kranyeu
      • Riyao
      • Sok
      • Tamal Euy
    • Loven-Suq languages
      • Laven (or Laweenjru, Lawen, Loven, Boloven, Boriwen, Jruq, Jəru, Jaru, Jru’, Jru) [jro] (disabled)
      • Sou (or Su, Sue, Soué, Su’, Souk, Suq, Sawk) [sqq] (disabled)
    • Laveh-Brao languages
      • Brao (or Braou, Brau, Brou, Rawe, Lue, Love, Lave, Laveh, Veh, Prou, Proue) [brb] (disabled)
        • Southern Brao
          • Krung
          • Lowland Brao (or Palau)
          • Lun (Brao)
        • Northern Brao
          • Northwestern Brao
            • Jrii
            • Kavet
          • Northeastern Brao
            • Hamong
            • Ka-nying
            • Ombaa
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  • Pacoh (or Pokoh, Paco, Bo River Van Kieu) [pac] (disabled)
    • Pahi (Austroasiatic)
  • Katu languages
    • Phuong (or Phuong Catang, Phuang, Huu River Vân Kiêu) [phg] (disabled)
    • Nuclear Katu languages (or Phuong Katu, Kantu, Kontu, Kao, Khat, Teu, Thap, Nguôn Ta, Ta River Vân Kiêu, Attouat)
      • Eastern Katu (or High Katu) [ktv] (disabled)
      • Western Katu (or Low Katu) [kuf] (disabled)
  • Ta’oihic languages
    • Kriang-Khlor (or Ngae, Ngeh, Nge’, Ngeq) [ngt] (disabled)
      • Kriang (or Nkriang)
      • Khlor [llo] (deprecated, duplicate)
    • Ong-Ta’oih languages
      • Ong-Ir [oog] (disabled)
      • Lower Ta’oih [tto] (disabled)
        • Hantong’ (or Hantong)
        • Tong (Laos)
      • Upper Ta’oih (or Ta Hoi, Ta-Oi, Ta-Oy, Ta-ôih, Tau Oi, Toi-Oi, Tà-Oi, Tă-hoi, Kha Tahoï, Kon-Tu, Kontu, Kantua) [tth] (disabled)
        • Ha’aang
        • Kamuan’
        • Leem
        • Palee’n
        • Pasoom
  • West Katuic languages
    • Kuy-Souei languages
      • Nyeu [nyl] (disabled)
      • Kuy (or Kuuy, Kui, Kuoi, Kuoy, Kuay, Kuayo, Kui Souei, Cuoi, Soai, Souei, Suai, Suay, Suei, Sui, Suoi, Dui, Khamen-Boran, Khamenboran, Old Khmer) [kdt] (disabled)
        • Chang
        • Kuay
        • Kuy Anthua
        • Kuy Antra
        • Kuy May
        • Kuy Mlor
        • Nheu
    • Brou-So (or Bru, B’ru, Bruu, Brou, Baru, Baroo, Leu, Leung) languages
      • Western Bru-So languages
        • Western Bru (or Muong Leong, Quàngtri Vân Kiêu) [brv] (disabled)
        • Sô (or So, So Makon, Kah So, Kha, Kha So, Thro, Bru) [sss] (disabled)
          • So Makon
          • So Phong
          • So Slouy
          • So Trong
      • Eastern Bru-Katang languages
        • Eastern Bru (or Moi-Cà-lò’, Quang Tri Bru, Quàngtri Vân Kiêu, Van Kieu, Muong Leong) [bru] (disabled)
          • Bru Dong Sen Keo
          • Bru Kok Sa-At
          • Mangkong (or Makong, Mang Cong, Mang-Koong, Mankoong)
          • Tri
        • Katang languages
          • Northern Katang [ncq] (disabled)
          • Southern Katang [sct] (disabled)
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  • Palaungic languages (see below)
  • Khasian languages
    • War-Jaintia (or War, Waːr, Waar, Amwi, Lakadong) [aml] (disabled)
      • Nuclear War-Jaintia
      • War-Khasi
    • Khasi-Pnar-Lyngngam languages
Palaungic languages:
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  • Danau [dnu] (disabled)
  • West Palaungic languages
    • Rumai Palaung (or Humai, Rumai, Ruomai, Shan States Palaung) [rbb] (disabled)
    • Riang languages
      • Riang (Myanmar) [ril] (disabled)
      • Yinchia [yin] (disabled)
    • Palaung languages
      • Shwe Palaung (or Shwe, De Ang, Ta-ang, Ta-Ang Palaung, Nam Hsan Palaung, Gold Palaung, Golden Palaung) [pll] (disabled)
      • Ruching Palaung (or Ngwe Palaung, Silver Palaung, Palaungo Pale, Pale Palaung, Palay, Pale, Di-Ang, Dlang, Darang, Southern Ta’ang, Southern Ta-Ang) [pce] (disabled)
        • Bulei (or Pulei, Bulai)
        • Raojin
  • East Palaungic languages
    • Lamet (or Kha Lamet, Kha-Lamet, Kha, Kamet, Khamed, Khamet, Le-Met, Lemet, Rmeet) [lbn] (disabled)
      • Lower Lamet
      • Upper Lamet
    • Khao-Bit languages
      • Bit (or Khbit, Khabit, Khmin, Phsin, Phsing, Pasing, Buxinhua) [bgk] (disabled)
      • Kháng (or Khaang, Khang quang lam, Quang Lam, Hang, Jang, Pouteng, Putenh, Ksakautenh, Theng, Teng, Xa Bung, Xa Dang, Xa Don, Xa Hoc, Xa Suak, Xa Xua, Xá Khao, Xa, Bren) [kjm] (disabled)
        • Kháng Ai (or Tay Hay, Tayhay, Xa Ai)
        • Kháng Clau
    • Angkuic (or Angku, Āng-kú) languages
      • Eastern Angkuic [?]
      • U (or P’uman, Puman, Pouma) [uuu] (disabled)
      • Southern Angkuic languages
        • Hu [huo] (disabled)
        • Man Met (or Manmi, Manmit) [mml] (disabled)
        • Mok (or Amok, Moxo, Mojo, Hsen-Hsum, Yā-āng Lawa) [mqt] (disabled)
        • Muak (or China Mok, Lao Mok, Wa-Küt, Wakut) [tlq] (disabled)
          • Doi (or Loi)
          • Nuclear Tai Loi (or Tai Loi, Tai-Loi, Tailói, Thai Loi, Tailoi, Möng-Lwe Tailoi, Mong-Lwe, Monglwe)
    • Waic languages
      • Bulangic languages
        • Samtao (or Samtau, Samtuan) [stu] (disabled)
        • Blang (or Plang, Bulang, Pulang, Pula, Khon Doi, Kontoi, K’ala, Hkawa, Kawa, K'wa, Wa, Sen Chun, Burma Samtao) [blr] (disabled)
          • Kem Degne
          • Phang
      • Wa-Lawa languages
        • Lawa languages
          • Eastern Lawa (or Northern Lawa, Mae Rim Lawa, Wiang Papao Lua) [lwl] (disabled)
            • Phalo (or Phalok, Khalo, Phalo)
          • Western Lawa (or Mountain Lawa, Lawa, L’wa, La’wa, Lavua, Lavüa, Lava, Luwa, Lua, Wa, Mae Sariang) [lcp] (disabled)
            • La-Oor
        • Nuclear Waic languages
          • South Wa (or Parauk, Paraok, Praok, Phalok, Baroke, Baraog) [prk] (disabled)
          • Ximeng-Menglian Awa (or Awa, Awa Wa, Wa, Ava, Va) [vwa] (disabled)
          • Zhenkang Wa (or K’awa, Kawa, Wa-Vü, Vo, Vü, Wa Pwi, Wakut) [wbm] (disabled)
            • En (China)
            • Kentung Wa
            • La
            • Son
            • Wa Lon
            • Wu
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  • Old Khmer (or Angkorian) (†) [qok] (disabled)
  • Central Khmer (or Modern Khmer, Cambodian) [km]
    • Nuclear Central Khmer
    • Southern Khmer
  • Northern Khmer (or Khmer Lue, Thailand Khmer) [kxm] (disabled)
    • Buriram
    • Sisaket
    • Surin
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  • Mlabri (or Mla Bri, Mla-Bri, Mrabri, Mla, Ma Ku, Yumbri, Phi Thong Luang, Yellow Leaf) [mra] (disabled)
  • Khmu’ languages
    • Khuen (or Khouen, Khween, Kween, Kven) [khf] (disabled)
    • Khmu (or Khmu’, Khmus, Khmous, Kamhmu, Kammu, Kamu, Kemu, Cam Mu, Tsa Khmu, Xa Cau, Kha Khmu, Khamu, Khamuk, Kha Cau, Kha, Khomu, Kmhmu, Kmhmu’, Lao Terng, Mun Xen, Mou, Luu, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Thenh, Theng, Tenh) [kjg] (disabled)
      • Hat
      • Khroong
      • Luang Prabang (Laos)
      • Lyy
      • Rok
      • Sayabury
      • U (Khmu)
      • Yuan
  • Phay-Pram (or Kha, Kha Niang, Kniang, Khaniang, Kha Niang, Kenieng, Keneng) languages
    • Ksingmul (or Ksing Mul, Khsing-Mul, Xinh Mul, Xin Mul, Xinh-Mun, Xing Mun, Sing Mun, Lao Muh, Kha Puhoc, Pou Hoc, Pou Hok, Puhoc, Puoc, Puok, Pua) [puo] (disabled)
    • Tin languages
      • Mal (or Madl, Khatin, Ht’in, Htin, Thin, T’in, Tin) [mlf] (disabled)
      • Prai (or Pray, Pray 1, Thung Chan Pray, Kha, Kha Phay, Phay, Phai) [prt] (disabled)
    • Pramic languages
      • Theen [?]
      • O’du (or O Du, ’Iduh, Iduh, Haat, Hat, Tay Hat) [tyh] (disabled)
      • Phong-Kniang (or Phong, Lao Phong, Pong, Pong 3, P’eng, Pheng, Theng) [pnx] (disabled)
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  • Mang (or Manbu, Mang U, Chaman, Xamang, Xá Lá Vàng, Xá Mang, Xá Ó, Nieng Ó, Ba’e) [zng] (disabled)
  • Pakanic languages
    • Bolyu (or Polyu, Palyu, Palju, Paliu, Lai) [ply] (disabled)
    • Bugan (or Bugán, Bogan, Bengan, Pakan, Pukan, Hualo, Huazu) [bbh] (disabled)
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  • South Munda languages
    • Juang (or Juango, Yuango, Patra-Saara, Patua, Puttooas) [jun] (disabled)
    • Kharia (or Khariya, Khaɽia, Khatria, Khadia, Haria, Jariá, Kheria, Kharvi) [khr] (disabled)
      • Dhelki Kharia
      • Dudh Kharia
      • Mirdha-Kharia
    • Gata’ [gaq] (disabled)
      • Hill Geta’
      • Plains Geta’
    • Gutob-Remo languages
      • Bodo Gadaba (or Bodo-Gadaba, Bodo, Boi Gadaba, Gadaba, Gadba, Gadwa, Godwa, Gudwa, Goutob, Gutob, Gutop, Sodia) [gbj] (disabled)
        • Munda Andhra Pradesh Gadaba
        • Munda Orissa Gadaba
      • Bondo (or Bondo Poroja, Bondo-Poraja, Bonda Poroja, Bhonda Bhasha, Bonda, Bunda, Nanga Poroja, Nanqa Poroja, Poraja Katha, Remo, Remosum) [bfw] (disabled)
        • Lower Bondo
        • Upper Bondo
    • Sora-Juray-Gorum languages
      • Gorum-Parenga (or Gorum Sama, Gorum, Gorumo, Pareng, Parenga Parja, Parenga, Parengi Poroja, Parengi, Parenji, Poroja, Gadaba) [pcj] (disabled)
      • Sora-Juray languages
        • Juray [juy] (disabled)
        • Sora (or Soːra, Swara, Saora, Saonras, Saura, Sawaria, Savara, Sabara, Sabar, Shabari) [srb] (disabled)
  • North Munda languages
    • Korku (or Koraku, Kurku, Kurku-Ruma, Korki, Kuri, Bondeya, Bopchi, Muasi, Muwasi, Ramekhera, West-Untergruppe) [kfq] (disabled)
    • Kherwarian languages
      • Santalic languages
      • Mundaric languages
        • Birhor (or Birhore, Birhɔɽ, Bihor, Birhar, Bīrhaṛ, Mankidi, Mankidia) [biy] (disabled)
        • Koda (or Koɖa, Kōḍā, Koɽa, Korati, Korali, Kora, Kore, Kaora, Mudi, Mudikora) [cdz] (disabled)
        • Majhwar (or Majhvar, Manjhi, Manjhia) [mmj] (disabled)
        • Turi [trd] (disabled)
        • Asuric languages
          • Bijori (or Burja) [bix] (disabled)
          • Asuri (or Ashree, Asura, Assur, Maleta) [asr] (disabled)
            • Brijia (or Birijia, Birjia, Brijia, Binjhia, Briɟia, Koranti)
            • Manjhi
        • Ho-Mundari languages
        • Kodaku-Korwa languages
          • Kodaku (or Koraku, Korku) [ksz] (disabled)
          • Korwa (or Ernga, Erngga, Singli) [kfp] (disabled)
            • Majhi-Korwa
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  • Car Nicobarese
  • Nuclear Nicobaric languages
    • Central Nicobar languages
      • Central Nicobarese
        • Camorta
        • Katchal
        • Nancowry
        • Trinkut
      • Southern Nicobarese
        • Condul
        • Great Nicobar
        • Little Nicobar
        • Milo
        • Sambelong
        • Tafwap
    • Chowra-Teressa languages
      • Chaura
      • Teressa
        • Bompoka
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  • Pear
  • Western Pearic languages
    • Central Chong
    • Chong of Chanthaburi
    • Somray
    • Southern Chong languages
      • Sa’och
      • Suoy
Vietic languages languages:
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  • Chutic languages
    • East Chutic languages
      • Arem
      • Chut
        • May
        • Ruc
        • Sach
      • Maleng
        • Hareme
        • Kha Phong
        • Malang
        • Malieng
        • Nuclear Maleng
        • Pakatan
    • Thavung
  • Cuoi languages
    • Hung
      • Dan Lai
      • Ly Ha
      • Phong
      • Toum
    • Tho
      • Cuoi Cham
      • Mon (Vietnam)
  • Viet-Muong languages
    • Muongic languages
      • Bo (Laos)
      • Muong
        • Ao Tá
        • Boi Bi
        • Moi 1
        • Mol (Vietnam)
        • Mual
        • Thang
        • Wang
      • Nguôn
    • Vietnamese [vi]
      • Central Vietnamese
      • Northern Vietnamese
      • Southern Vietnamese

Austronesian languages

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Formosan (or Taiwanese indigenous) languages:
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Malayo-Polynesian languages:
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  • Northern Luzon languages (see below)
  • Central Luzon languages (see below)
  • Greater Central Philippine languages (see below)
  • Ati [atk]
    • Barotac Viejo Nagpana
    • Malay (Ati)
  • Kalamian languages
    • Agutaynen [agn]
    • Calamian Tagbanwa [tbk]
      • Baras (Philipinnes)
  • Batanic languages
  • Bilic languages
    • Giangan (or Atto, Bagaba, Bagobo, Bakhtiari, Clata, Eto) [bgi]
    • Tiruray [tiy]
    • Tboli-Blaan languages
      • Tboli [tbl]
        • Central Tboli
        • Southern Tboli
        • Western Tboli
      • Blaan languages
        • Koronadal Blaan [bpr]
        • Sarangani Blaan [bps]
Northern Luzon languages:
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  • Arta [atz]
  • Dicamay Agta (†) [duy]
  • Iloko (or Ilokan, Ilokano, Ilocano, Ilocana) [ilo]
  • Meso-Cordilleran languages (see below)
  • Cagayan Valley languages (see below)
  • Northeastern Luzon languages
    • Dupaninan Agta (or Eastern Cagayan Agta) [duo]
      • Barongagunay
      • Bolos Point
      • Camonayan
      • Palaui Island
      • Peñablanca
      • Roso
      • Santa Ana-Gonzaga
      • Santa Margarita
      • Tanglagan
      • Valley Cove
      • Yaga
    • Nuclear Northeastern Luzon languages
      • Casiguran-Nagtipunan Agta (or Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Baler Dumagat, Casiguran) [dgc]
      • Paranan-Pahanan languages
        • Agta-Pahanan [apf]
        • Paranan [prf]
          • Palanan Dumagat
Cagayan Valley languages:
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  • Isnag (or Dibagat-Kabugao-Isneg, Isneg, Maragat) [isd]
    • Bayag
    • Calanasan
    • Dibagat-Kabugao
    • Karagawan (or Daragawan)
    • Talifugu-Ripang (or Tawini)
  • Ibanagic languages
    • Malaweg [?]
    • Adasen (or Addasen, Addasen Tinguian, Adasen Itneg) [tiu]
      • Eastern Addasen
      • Western Addasen
    • Ibanag (or Ybanag) [ibg]
      • North Ibanag
      • South Ibanag
    • Atta languages
      • Faire Atta (or Southern Atta) [azt]
      • Pamplona Atta (or Northern Cagayan Negrito) [att]
      • Pudtol Atta [atp]
    • Gaddangic languages
      • Central Cagayan Agta (or Central Cagayan) [agt]
      • Itawit (Tawit, Itawis, Itawes) [itv]
      • Yogad [yog]
      • Cagayan-Baliwon Gaddang languages
        • Ga’dang (or Baliwon, Ga'dang, Ginabwal) [gdg]
        • Gaddang (or Pagsasao Cagayan, Pagsasao) [gad]
Meso-Cordilleran languages:
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  • Northern Alta (Ditaylin Alta, Ditaylin Dumagat, Baler Negrito, Edimala) [aqn]
  • Southern Alta (Kabuluwen, Kabuluen, Kabuluwan, Kabulowan, Kaboloan, Baluga, Ita, Pugot) [agy]
  • South-Central Cordilleran languages
    • Central Cordilleran languages
      • Isinai (or Isinay, Isnay, Insinai, Inmeas) [inn]
      • North Central Cordilleran languages
    • Southern Cordilleran languages
      • Ilongot (or Lingotes, Bukalot, Bugkalut) [ilk]
        • Abaka
        • Ibalao
        • Egongot
        • Iyongut
        • Italon
      • West Southern Cordilleran languages
        • Pangasinan (or Salitan Pangasinan, Yinaknan) [pag]
        • Nuclear Southern Cordilleran languages
          • I-Wak (or Iwaak) [iwk]
          • Karao (or Karaw) [kyj]
          • Ibaloi (or Ibaloy, Ibadoy, Inibaloi, Nabaloi, Benguet-Igorot, Igodor) [ibl]
            • Bokod
            • Daklan
            • Kabayan
          • Kalanguya languages
            • Ahin-Kayapa Kalanguya [kak]
              • Kayapa Kallahan
              • Tinoc Kallahan
            • Keley-i Kallahan (or Keley-I Kalanguya, Keley-I, Keleyqiq Ifugao, Antipolo Ifugao, Hanalulo) [ify]
              • Bayninan
              • Ya-Tuka
Nuclear-Cordilleran languages:
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  • Balangao (or Balangao Bontoc, Balangaw, Farangao) [blw]
  • Ifugaw (or Ifugao, Ifugu) languages
    • Amganad Ifugao (or Amganad) [ifa]
      • Banaue Ifugao
      • Burnay Ifugao
    • Tuwali Ifugao [ifk]
      • Hapao Ifugao
      • Hungduan Ifugao
      • Lagawe Ifugao
    • Batad-Mayoyao languages
      • Mayoyao Ifugao (or Mayoyao, Mayaoyaw) [ifu]
      • Batad Ifugao (or Batad) [ifb]
        • Ayangan Ifugao
        • Ducligan Ifugao
        • Nuclear Batad Ifugao
  • Bontok-Kankanay languages
    • Bontok [bnc] macrolanguage
      • Northern Bontok (or Sadanga Bontok) [rbk]
      • Southwestern Bontok [vbk]
        • Ina-ab (or Alab Bontok)
        • Binalili (or Balili Bontok)
        • Ginonogon (or Gonogon Bontok)
      • Central Bontok (or Central Bontoc) [lbk]
        • Bayyu
        • Guinaang Bontok (or Guinaang Bontoc)
        • Sadanga
      • Finallig languages [bkb] (disabled)
        • Southern Bontok [obk]
          • Can-eo
          • Talubin
          • Bayyo
        • Eastern Bontok [ebk]
          • Linias (or Lias)
          • Kenachakran-Finallig (or Kadaklan-Barlig)
            • Kenachakran (or Kadaklan)
            • Finallig (or Barlig)
    • Kankanay languages
      • Kankanaey (or Central Kankana-ey, Kankanai, Kankanay) [kne]
        • Bakun-Kibungan
        • Guinzadan
        • Kapangan
        • Mankayan-Buguias
      • Maeng-Northern Kankanay languages
        • Maeng Itneg (or Luba-Tiempo Itneg, Southern Itneg) [itt]
        • Northern Kankanay (or Sagada Igorot, Western Bontoc) [xnn]
Kalinga-Itneg languages:
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  • Itneg (or Timggian, Tingguian, Tinguian) languages
    • Binongan Itneg [itb]
    • Inlaod Itneg [iti]
  • Kalinga languages
    • Masadiit languages
      • Moyadan Itneg [ity]
      • Masadiit Itneg [tis]
        • Masadiit Boliney
        • Masadiit Sallapadan
    • Northern Kalinga languages
      • Limos Kalinga (or Limos-Liwan Kalinga, Northern Kalinga) [kmk]
      • Northwest Kalinga languages
        • Mabaka Valley Kalinga (or Mabaka Itneg, Mabaka, Kal-Uwan) [kkg]
        • Banao Itneg [bjx]
          • Banao Pikekj
          • Gubang Itneg
          • Malibcong Banao
    • Central and South Kalinga languages
      • Lubuagan Kalinga [knb]
        • Ableg-Salegseg
        • Balatok-Kalinga
        • Balbalasang
        • Guinaang
        • Lubuagan
      • South Kalinga languages
        • Butbut Kalinga [kyb]
        • Bangad (or Southern Kalinga, Tinglayan Kalinga) [ksc]
          • Mallango
          • Nuclear Bangad
          • Sumadel
          • Tinglayan
        • Southeastern Kalinga languages
          • Madukayang Kalinga (or Majukayong) [kmd]
          • Tanudan Kalinga (or Lower Tanudan Kalinga) [kml]
            • Minangali
            • Pinangol
            • Tinaloctoc
Central Luzon languages:
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  • Hatang Kayi (or Remontado Agta, Hatang-Kayey, Sinauna) [agv]
  • Pampangan (or Kapampangan, Pampanga, Pampango, Pampangueño)
  • Sambalic languages
    • Ambala Ayta (or Ambala Agta, Ambala Sambal) [abc] (disabled)
    • Bataan Ayta (or Mariveles Ayta, Bataan Sambal) [ayt]
    • Mag-Ayta languages
      • Mag-Anchi Ayta (or Mag-Anchi Sambal) [sgb]
      • Mag-Indi Ayta (or Mag-Indi Sambal, Indi Ayta, Baloga, Biloxi) [blx]
    • Abellen-Botolan languages
      • Abenlen Ayta (or Ayta Abenlen Sambal, Aburlin Negrito) [abp]
      • Botolan Sambal (or Aeta Negrito) [sbl]
        • Ayta Hambali
        • Sambali Botolan (or Botolan Zambal)
    • Tina-Bolinao languages
      • Bolinao (or Binobolinao, Bolinao Sambal, Bolinao Zambal) [smk]
      • Tinà Sambal (or Tina, Sambali) [xsb]
        • Iba
        • Masinloc
        • Santa Cruz (Tina Sambal)
Greater Central Philippine languages:
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  • Gorontalo-Mongondow languages (see below)
  • Central Philippine languages (see below)
  • Palawanic languages (see below)
  • Umiray Dumaget Agta [due]
    • Anglat Agta
    • Palaui Island Agta
  • Danaw languages
    • Iranun [ill]
    • Maranao [mrw]
    • Maguindanao (or Magindanaw) [mdh]
      • Biwangan
      • Ilud
      • Laya
      • Sibugay
      • Tagakawanan
  • South Mangyan languages
    • Hanunoo (or Hanunó’o) [hnn]
      • Binli
      • Kagankan
      • Waigan
      • Wawan
    • Buhid-Taubuid languages
      • Buhid (or Bukil, Bangon) [bku]
      • Batangan languages
        • Eastern Tawbuid [bnj]
        • Western Tawbuid [twb]
  • Manobo languages
    • North Manobo languages
      • Kagayanen (or Cagayano Cillo) [cgc]
      • Kinamiguin-Bukidnon languages
    • Central and Southern Manobo languages
      • Cinamiguin Manobo (or Kamigin, Kinamigin) [mkx]
      • Bukidnon languages
        • Higaonon (or Misamis Higaonon Manobo) [mba]
        • Talaandig-Binukid (or Binokid, Binukid, Binukid Manobo, Bukidnon, Talaandig) [bkd]
  • Subanen languages
    • Western Subanen languages
      • Kolibugan Subanon (or Kalibugan, Calibugan) [skn]
      • Western Subanon (or Siocon) [suc]
        • Western Kolibugan
    • Nuclear Subanen languages
      • Lapuyan Subanun (or Margosatubig) [laa]
      • East Nuclear Subanen languages
        • Eastern Subanen [sfe]
        • Central Subanen (or Sindangan Subanun) [syb]
          • Eastern Kolibugan
        • Northern Subanen (or Tuboy Subanon) [stb]
          • Dapitan
          • Dikayu
          • Salog
Gorontalo-Mongondow languages:
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  • Mongondowic languages
    • Ponosakan (or Ponasakan) [pns]
    • Mongondow (or Bola’ang-Mongodow, Minahassa) [mog]
      • Dumoga
      • Lolayan
      • Pasia (Indonesia)
  • Gorontalic languages
    • Bintauna [bne]
    • Buol (or Bwo’ol, Bual, Dia) [blf]
    • Lolak [llq]
    • Bolango (or Bulanga, Bulanga-Uki, Diu) [bld]
      • Atinggola
      • Nuclear Bolango
    • Gorontalo (or Hulontalo) [gor]
      • East Gorontalo
      • Gorontalo Kota
      • Limboto
      • Tilamuta
      • West Gorontalo
    • Kaidipang (or Kaidipan, Dio) [kzp]
      • Bolaang Itang
      • Kaidipan
    • Suwawa [swu]
      • Bunda
Central Philippine languages:
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  • Bikol languages (see below)
  • Bisayan languages (see below)
  • Mamanwa (or Mamanwa Negrito, Minamanwa) [mmm]
  • Alabat-Manide Agta languages
    • Alabat Island Agta (or Alabat Island Dumagat) [dul]
    • Camarines Norte Agta (or Agiyan, Manide) [abd]
  • Tagalogic languages
    • Kasiguranin (or Casiguranin) [ksn]
    • Tagalog-Filipino languages
  • Mansakan languages
    • Davawenyo (or Davaoeño, Davaweño, Matino) [daw]
    • Kamayo [kyk]
      • North Kamayo
      • South Kamayo
    • Eastern Mansakan languages
      • Mandaya (or Carraga Mandaya, Karaga Mandaya, Manay Mandayan, Mangaragan Mandaya) [mry]
      • Mansaka (or Mandaya Mansaka) [msk]
    • Western Mansakan languages
      • Tagakaulu Kalagan (or Tagakaolo) [klg]
      • Kagan-Kalagan languages
        • Kagan Kalagan (or Kaagan) [kll]
        • Kalagan [kqe]
          • Isamal
          • Lactan
          • Piso
          • Tumuaong
Bikol languages:
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Bisayan languages:
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  • Central Bisayan languages (see below)
  • West Bisayan languages (see below)
  • Negrosanon languages
    • Northern Binukidnon (or Karolanos) [kyn] (disabled)
    • Southern Binukidnon (or Ata-Man, Magahat) [mtw] (disabled)
  • Cebuano [ceb]
    • Boholano
    • Cebu
    • Leyte
    • Mindanao Visayan
  • Bantoanon (or Asiq) [bno] (disabled)
    • Banton
    • Calatravanhon
    • Odionganon
    • Sibalenhon
    • Simaranhon
  • South Bisayan languages
    • Butuan-Tausug languages
      • Butuanon [btw] (disabled)
      • Tausug (or Sinug Tausug, Taw Sug, Tausog, Suluk, Sooloo, Sulu, Joloano Sulu, Moro Joloano, Jolohano) [tsg] (disabled)
    • Surigao languages
      • Tandaganon [tgn] (disabled)
        • Naturalis
      • Surigaonon [sgd] (disabled)
        • Cantilan
        • Jaun-Jaun
        • Nuclear Surigaonon
Central Bisayan languages:
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  • Romblomanon [rol] (disabled)
    • Basiq
    • Romblon
    • Sibuyan
  • Warayan languages
    • Waray Sorsogon (or Southern Sorgoson, Gubat) [srv] (disabled)
    • Samar-Waray languages
      • Baybayanon [bvy] (disabled)
      • Kinabalian [cbw] (disabled)
      • Waray-Waray (or Winaray) [war]
        • Northern Samar
        • Samar-Leyte
        • Waray (Philippines)
  • Peripheral Central Bisayan languages
West Bisayan languages:
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  • Inonhan [loc] (disabled)
    • Alcantaranon
    • Bulalakaw
    • Dispoholnon
    • Looknon
  • Aklan languages
    • Aklanon (or Aklan, Aklano, Panay) [akl] (disabled)
    • Malaynon [mlz] (disabled)
  • Kinarayan languages
    • Sulod (or Bukidnon, Mondo) [srg] (disabled)
    • Kinaray-a [krj]
      • Anini-Y
      • Guimaras Island
      • Hamtik
      • Lambunao
      • Miag-Ao
      • Pandan
      • Pototan
  • Kuyan languages
    • Cuyonon (or Kuyonon, Kuyunon, Cuyono, Cuyo) [cyo] (disabled)
    • Datagnon-Santa Teresa-Semirara languages
      • Caluyanun (or Caluyanen, Caluyanhon) [clu] (disabled)
        • Semirara
      • Ratagnon [btn] (disabled)
        • Santa Teresa
        • Nuclear Ratagnon (or Datagnon, Latagnun, Latan, Lactan, Aradigi)
Palawanic languages:
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  • Northern Palawanic languages
    • Tagbanwa [tbw] (disabled)
    • Batak-Central Tagbanwa languages
      • Batak (or Bataco, Palawan Batak, Babuyan, Tinitianes) [bya] (disabled)
      • Central Tagbanwa (or Totonacano de Ozumatlán, Totonaque d'Ozomatlán) [tgt] (disabled)
  • Southern Palawanic languages
    • Taut Batu [?]
    • Molbog-Palawan languages
      • Molbog (or Molbog Palawan) [pwm] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Palawan (or Palawanen, Palawanun, Palawano, Palaweño) languages
        • Central Palawano (or Quezon Palawano) [plc] (disabled)
        • Brooke-Canipaan Palawan languages
          • Southwest Palawano (or Canipaan Palawan) [plv] (disabled)
          • Brooke's Point Palawano [plw] (disabled)
            • South Palawano
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  • Tomini-Tolitoli languages (see below)
  • Kaili-Pamona-Wotu-Wolio languages
  • Eastern Celebic languages
    • Saluan-Banggai languages (see below)
    • Southeastern Celebic languages
Tomini-Tolitoli languages:
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  • Tolitoli languages
    • Boano (Sulawesi) (or Bolano, Djidja) [bzl] (disabled)
    • Totoli (or Tolitoli, Tontoli, Gage) [txe] (disabled)
  • Tominic languages
    • Northern Tomini languages
      • Dondo [dok] (disabled)
      • Tomini (or Tiadje, Tialo, Mouton) [txm] (disabled)
      • Lauje (or Laudje, Tinombo) [law] (disabled)
        • Ampibabo (or Ampibabo-Lauje)
    • Southern Tomini languages
      • Balaesang (or Balaesano, Balaesan, Baleasang, Balaisang, Pajo) [bls] (disabled)
      • Dampelas (or Dampelasa, Dampal, Dian) [dms] (disabled)
      • Pendau (or Ndau, Ndaoe, Umalasa) [ums] (disabled)
      • Taje (or Petapa) [pee] (disabled)
      • Tajio (or Tadjio, Ta’adjio, Adjio, Tobada, Tobada’, Kasimbar) [tdj] (disabled)
Kaili-Pamona languages:
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  • Southern Kaili-Pamona languages
    • Rampi (or Rampi-Leboni, Leboni, Ha’uwa) [lje] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Rampi
      • Rato
    • Sarudu (or Doda’) [sdu] (disabled)
      • Kulu
      • Nunu’
    • Uma (or Oema, Pipikoro) [ppk] (disabled)
      • Bana (Austronesian)
      • Benggaulu
      • Kantewu
      • Southern Uma
      • Tobaku
      • Tolee’
      • Winatu
    • Badaic languages
      • Besoa (or Behoa, Bada) [bep] (disabled)
      • Napu (or Pekurehua) [npy] (disabled)
      • Bada (Indonesia) [bhz] (disabled)
        • Ako (Indonesia)
        • Bada
  • Northern Kaili-Pamona languages
    • Pamona-Tombelala languages
      • Pamona (or Poso, Bare’e, Baree) [pmf] (disabled)
      • Tombelala [ttp] (disabled)
    • Kaili languages
      • Baras (or Ende) [brs] (disabled)
      • Sedoa (or Tawaelia) [tvw] (disabled)
      • Topoiyo [toy] (disabled)
      • Unde Kaili (or Banava, Banawa) [unz] (disabled)
      • Da’a Kaili (or Bunggu) [kzf] (disabled)
        • Da’a
        • Inde
      • Ledo Kaili (or Palu, Paloesch) [lew] (disabled)
        • Ado
        • Doi (Indonesia)
        • Edo
        • Ija
        • Ledo
        • Rai (Ledo Kaili)
        • Raio
        • Taa (Indonesia)
        • Tado (Ledo Kaili)
        • Tara
      • Kulawi languages
        • Moma (or Kulawi) [myl] (disabled)
        • Tado-Lindu [klw] (disabled)
          • Linduan (or Lindu)
          • Tado
Wotu-Wolio languages:
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  • Wotu [wtw] (disabled)
  • Wolio-Kamaru languages
    • Kamaru [kgx] (disabled)
    • Wolio [wlo] (disabled)
  • Kalao-Laiyolo languages
    • Kalao (or Kalaotoa) [kly] (disabled)
    • Laiyolo (or Barang-Barang, Da’ang) [lji] (disabled)
      • Barang-Barang
      • Nuclear Laiyolo
Saluan-Banggai languages:
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  • Eastern Saluan-Banggai languages
    • Balantak (or Kosian) [blz] (disabled)
    • Banggai (or Aki, Gagauz) [bgz] (disabled)
      • East Banggai
      • West Banggai
  • Western Saluan-Banggai languages
    • Andio (or Andio’o, Imbao’o, Masama) [bzb] (disabled)
    • Saluanic languages
      • Bobongko [bgb] (disabled)
      • Batui-Saluan languages
        • Batui (or Pamona) [zbt] (disabled)
        • Saluan (or Loinang, Loindang, Madi, Mondono) [loe] (disabled)
Muna-Buton languages:
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  • Tukangbesi-Bonerate languages
    • Bonerate [bna] (disabled)
      • Karompa
      • Nuclear Bonerate
    • Tukang Besi (or Buton, Wakatobi) languages
      • Tukang Besi North [khc] (disabled)
        • Kaledupa
        • Wanci
      • Tukang Besi South [bhq] (disabled)
        • Binongko
        • Tomea
  • Nuclear Muna-Buton languages
    • Butonic languages
      • East Buton languages
        • Kumbewaha (or Umbewaha) [xks] (disabled)
        • Lasalimu [llm] (disabled)
      • Cia-Cia [cia] (disabled)
        • Kaesabu
        • Masiri
        • Sampolawa
        • Wabula
          • Burangasi
          • Holimombo
          • Kondowa
          • Nuclear Wabula
          • Takimpo
          • Wali
    • Munan languages
      • Busoa (or Bosoa) [bup] (disabled)
      • Munic languages
        • Kaimbulawa [zka] (disabled)
          • Kambe-Kambero
          • Lantoi
        • Western Munic languages
          • Liabuku (or Liabuka) [lix] (disabled)
          • Kioko [ues] (disabled)
            • Kambowa
            • Nuclear Kioko
          • Pancana (or Pantjana) [pnp] (disabled)
            • Kalende
            • Kapontori
            • Labuandiri
          • Muna [mnb] (disabled)
            • Siompu
            • Tiworo
            • Standard Muna
              • Kabawo
              • Katobu
              • Lawa (Standard Muna)
              • Tobea Besar
              • Tungkuno
            • Gulamas
              • Burukene
              • Gu
              • Kadatua
              • Kalia-Lia
              • Katobengke
              • Lakudo
              • Laompo
              • Lawama
              • Lawela
              • Lowu-Lowu
              • Mawasangka
              • Salaa
              • Topa
              • Wale-Ale
Bungku-Tolaki languages:
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  • Western Bungku-Tolaki languages
    • Interior Bungku-Tolaki languages
      • Padoe (or Padoé, Alalao, South Mori) [pdo] (disabled)
      • Tomadino [tdi] (disabled)
      • Mori Atas (or Upper Mori, West Mori) [mzq] (disabled)
        • Aikoa
    • West Coast Bungku-Tolaki languages
      • Kodeoha (or Kondeha) [vko] (disabled)
      • Rahambuu (or Wiaoe, Wiau) [raz] (disabled)
      • Waru (or Mapute, Mopute) [wru] (disabled)
        • Lalomerui
        • Nuclear Waru
      • Tolaki (or To’olaki, Lolaki, Lalaki, Laki, Kolaka, Nahina, Nehina, Nohina, Noihe, Noie, Akido) [lbw] (disabled)
        • Asera
        • Konawe
        • Konio
        • Laiwui
        • Mekongga
        • Norio
        • Tamboki
        • Wiwirano
  • Eastern Bungku-Tolaki languages
    • Moronene (or Maronene) [mqn] (disabled)
      • Kabaena
      • Wita Ea
        • Poleang
        • Rumbia
    • East Coast Bungku-Tolaki languages
      • Bahonsuai (or Bahonsuái) [bsu] (disabled)
      • Koroni [xkq] (disabled)
      • Kulisusu (or Kolinsusu, Kolensusu, Kalisusu) [vkl] (disabled)
      • Taloki (or Taluki) [tlk] (disabled)
      • Wawonii (or Wowonii) [wow] (disabled)
        • Menui
        • Nuclear Wawonii
      • Mori Bawah (or East Mori, Lower Mori) [xmz] (disabled)
        • Karonsie
        • Nahina
        • Petasia
        • Soroako
        • Tambe’e
      • Bungku (or Nahine) [bkz] (disabled)
        • Landawe
        • Nuclear Bungku
        • Routa
        • Torete
        • Tulambatu
        • Waia (Bungku)
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  • Kawi (†) [kaw]
  • Modern Javanese languages
    • New Caledonian Javanese [jas]
    • Osing [osi]
    • Tengger [tes]
    • Caribbean Javanese [jvn]
    • Javanese [jv]
      • Jawa Halus
      • West Javanese
        • Banten (West Javanese)
        • Cirebon Javanese
        • Indramayu
      • East Javanese
        • Jombang
        • Arekan
          • Malang-Pasuruan
          • Surabaya
      • Central Javanese
        • Bagelen
        • Banyumas (or Basa Banyumasan) [map-bms]
        • Blora
        • Eastern North-Coast Javanese
        • Kedu
        • Madiunan
        • Mataraman
        • Semarang (Central Javanese)
        • Solo
        • Pesisir Lor
          • Pekalongan
          • Pemalang
          • Tegal
Land Dayak languages:
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  • Benyadu-Bekati languages
    • Benyadu’ (or Nyadu, Njadu, Balantian, Balantiang) [byd]
    • Bakati’ languages
      • Riuk Bekati’ (or Bakatiq) [bei]
      • Rara-Sara Bakati’ languages
        • Rara Bakati’ (or Lara’, Lara, Luru) [lra]
        • Sara Bakati’ (or Sara, Sar, Riok) [sre]
  • Bidayuh-Southern Land Dayak languages
    • Southern Land Dayak languages
      • Jangkang [djo]
      • Mateq (or Kembayan) [xem]
      • Ribun [rir]
      • Sanggau [scg]
      • Onya Darat [sdm]
        • Beginci
        • Bihak
        • Gerai
        • Samandang
    • Bidayuh-Rejang languages
      • Tringgus-Sembaan Bidayuh [trx]
        • Mbaan
        • Tringgus (or Tringus)
      • Biatah Bidayuh (or Biatah, Bikuab, Kuap, Quop, Sentah) [bth]
        • Siburan
        • Stang
        • Tibia
      • Bau-Jagoi Bidayuh (or Bau-Jagoi, Jaggoi, Sarawak Dayak) [sne]
        • Assem
        • Dongay
        • Empawa
        • Grogo
        • Gumbang
        • Krokong
        • Serambau
        • Singge
        • Stenggang Jagoi
        • Suti
        • Taup
        • Tengoh
      • Sadong-Rejang languages
        • Bukar-Sadung Bidayuh (or Bukar, Buka, Sabutan, Saputan, Seputan, Serian, Tebakang) [sdo]
          • Bukar Bidayuh
          • Bukar Sadong (or Sadong)
          • Mentuh Tapuh (or Mentu)
        • Rejang (or Redjang, Jang, Djang, Djang Bele Tebo) [rej]
          • Kebanagung
          • Lebong (or Rejang-Lebong)
          • Pasisir
          • Rawas
          • Rejang Musi
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  • Sundanese-Banui languages
    • Badui [bac]
    • Sundanese [su]
      • Banten
      • Bogor
      • Cirebon Sundanese
      • Pringan
  • Maduresic languages
    • Kangean [kkv]
    • Madurese [mad] (disabled)
      • Bangkalan
      • Bawean
      • Pamekesan
      • Sampang (Indonesia)
      • Sapudi
      • Sumenep
  • North and East Malayo-Sumbawan languages
    • Malayic (or Malay) languages (see below)
    • Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa languages
      • Balinese [ban]
        • Highland Bali
        • Lowland Bali
        • Nusa Penida
      • Sasak-Sumbawa languages
        • Sumbawa (or Sumbawarese, Semawa) [smw]
        • Sasak (or Lombok) [sas]
          • Kuto-Kute
          • Meno-Mene
          • Mriak-Mriku
          • Ngeno-Ngene
          • Ngeto-Ngete
    • Aceh-Chamic languages
Malayic (or Malay) languages:
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  • Vehicular Malay languages (see below)
  • Nuclear Malayic languages (see below)
  • Western Malayic Dayak languages
    • Keninjal [knl]
    • Kendayan [knx]
      • Ambawang
      • Nuclear Kendayan
    • Malayic Dayak [xdy]
      • Arut
      • Banana’
      • Belantikan
      • Delang
      • Kayung
      • Lamandau
      • Mentebah-Suruk
      • Riam
      • Semitau
      • Suhaid
      • Sukamara
      • Tapitn
Vehicular Malay languages:
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  • Baba Malay (or Baba, Straits Malay, Chinese Malay) [mbf]
  • Makassar Malay [mfp]
  • Malaccan Creole Malay (or Chitties Creole Malay) [ccm]
  • Sri Lanka Malay (or Sri Lankan Creole Malay, Sri Lankan Malay, Java Jati, Java Mozhi) [sci]
  • Eastern Indonesia Trade Malay languages
    • Larantuka Malay (or Larantuka, Melayu Larantuka, Bahasa Nagi, Ende Malay, Nagi) [lrt]
    • Papuan Malay (or Irianese, Malaiisch, Malayisch) [pmy]
    • Kupang Malay (or Kupang) [mkn]
      • Air Mata
    • Ambonic Malay languages
    • Manadoic Malay languages
      • Manado Malay (or Manadonese Malay, Manadonese, Minahasan Malay) [xmm]
      • North Moluccan Malay (or Ternate Malay) [max]
Nuclear Malayic languages:
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  • Menterap [?]
  • Gorap [goq]
  • Borneo Malay languages (see below)
  • Ibanic languages (see below)
  • Singapore Archipelago Malay languages (see below)
  • Indonesian Archipelago Malay languages (see below)
  • Middle Sumatra Malay languages (see below)
  • Minangkabauic languages (see below)
  • Betawic languages
    • Betawi [bew]
    • Cocos Islands Malay [coa]
    • Peranakan Indonesian [pea]
  • Kerinci [kvr]
    • Akit
    • Mamaq
    • Sakei
    • Talang
    • Ulu (Kerinci)
Borneo-Malay languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Brunei-Bacan Malay languages
    • Bacanese Malay [btj]
    • Brunei-Sabah Malay [msi]
  • Southeast Borneo Malay languages
    • East Borneo Malay languages
      • Kota Bangun Kutai Malay [mqg]
      • Banjar-Berau-Brunei Malay languages
        • Banjar-Bukit Malay languages
        • Berau-Brunei Malay languages
          • Berau Malay [bve]
          • Brunei [kxd]
            • Brunei Malay
            • Kampong Ayer
            • Kedayan
    • Tenggarong Kutai Malay [vkt]
      • Ancalong Kutai
      • Northern Kutai
      • Tenggarong Kutai
Ibanic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Mualang [mtd]
  • Remun (or Milikin) [lkj]
  • Seberuang [sbx]
  • Sebuyau [sbn]
  • Iban [iba]
    • Batang Lupar
    • Bugau
    • Dau
    • Lemanak
    • Skrang
    • Ulu Ai
    • Undup
Singapore Archipelago Malay languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Malay (†) [?] (disabled)
  • Colloquial Malay (or Standard Malay) [zlm] (disabled)
  • Jakun [jak] (or Djakun, Jakud’n, Jaku’d, Jakoon, Yakuno, Orang Hulu) (disabled)
  • Kedah Malay (or Satun Malay) [meo] (disabled)
  • Kelantan-Pattani Malay (or Pattani Malay, Thai Islam) [mfa] (disabled)
  • Orang Kanaq [orn] (disabled)
  • Orang Seletar [ors] (disabled)
  • Urak Lawoi’ (or Orak Lawoi’, Lawoi, Lawta, Chaw Talay, Chawnam) [urk] (disabled)
  • Temuan [tmw] (disabled)
    • Beduanda (or Biduanda)
    • Belanda (or Belandas, Blanda, Belana, Belanas, Landa)
    • Berembun (or Birmun)
    • Mantra (or Mentera, Mintra)
    • Nuclear Temuan
    • Udai
Indonesian-Archipelago-Malay:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Malay (or Malaysian) (macrolanguage) [ms]
  • Balinese Malay [mhp]
  • Duano [dup]
  • Bangka-Belitung Malay languages
    • Bangka [mfb]
    • Loncong [lce]
  • Indonesian [id]
    • Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian
    • Standard Indonesian
  • Jambi Malay [jax]
    • Ilir
    • Suku Batin
    • Ulu (Jambi Malay)
  • Kubu [kvb]
    • Bajat
    • Dawas
    • Djambi
    • Lalang
    • Nomadic Kubu
    • Ridan
    • Supat
    • Tungkal
    • Tungkal Ilir
    • Ulu Lako
  • Musi [mui]
    • Musi-Rawas
      • Musi Malay
      • Rawas
    • Lowland Malay
      • Belide
      • Downstream Lematang
      • Penesak
    • Palembang Malay [plm] (deprecated, disabled)
      • Palembang
      • Lowland Malay
      • South Sumatra coastal plain Malay
Middle Sumatra Malay languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Central Malay (or Pasemah, Benkulu, Enim, Lintang, Ogan, Semendo, Serawai) [pse]
  • Haji [hji]
  • Kaur (or Bintuhan, Mulak) [vkk]
  • Col [liw]
    • Lembak Bliti
    • Lembak Sindang
Minangkabauic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Lubu [lcf]
  • Negeri Sembilan Malay [zmi]
  • Pekal [pel]
  • Minangkabau [min]
    • Agam
    • Aneuk Jamee
    • Batu Sangkar-Pariangan
    • Kerinci-Minangkabau
    • Orang Mamak
    • Pajokumbuh
    • Penghulu
    • Si Junjung
    • Singkarak
    • Tanah
    • Ulu
Minahasan languages:
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Moken-Moklen languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bolongan (or Bulungan) [blj]
  • Kayan-Murik-Modang languages (see below)
  • Sarawak-Melanau-Kajang languages (see below)
  • North Sarawakan languages (see below)
  • Southwest Sabahan languages (see below)
  • Northeast Sabahan languages
    • Bonggi (or Banggi, Banggi Dusun, Bangay) [bdg]
    • Ida’an [dbj]
      • Begak
      • Nuclear Ida’an
      • Subpan
Kayan-Murik-Modang languages languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Modang-Segai languages
    • Segai [sge]
      • Kelai
      • Segah
    • Modang [mxd]
      • Benehes
      • Kelingan (Indonesia)
      • Liah Bing
      • Long Bento’
      • Long Glat
      • Nahes
  • Kayan-Murik languages
    • Murik (Malaysia) [mxr]
      • Huang Bau
      • Merap
      • Pua’
      • Ngorek
        • Long Banyuq
        • Long Semiang
    • Kayanic languages
      • Bahau [bhv]
      • Mendalam Kayan [xkd]
      • Baram Kayan [kys]
        • Long Akahsemuka
        • Long Atip
      • Kayan River Kayan [xkn]
        • Kayaniyut Kayan
        • Uma Lakan
      • Rejang-Makaham Kayan languages
        • Kayan Mahakam [xay]
        • Busang Kayan [bfg]
          • Belayan
          • Long Bleh
          • Mahakam Busang
        • Rejang Kayan [ree]
          • Lemena
          • Lisum
          • Long Badan
          • Long Geng
          • Long Kehobo
          • Long Murun
          • Ma’aging
          • Uma Daro
          • Uma Juman
Sarawak-Melanau-Kajang languages languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Kajang languages
    • Sekapan (or Sekepan) [skp]
    • Kajaman-Lahanan languages
      • Kajaman (or Kayaman, Kejaman) [kag]
      • Lahanan (or Lanan, Lanun) [lhn]
  • Melanau languages
    • Daro-Matu Melanau [dro]
      • Daro Melanau
      • Matu Melanau
    • Central Melanau [mel]
      • Balingian
      • Bruit
      • Dalat
      • Igan
      • Mukah-Oya
      • Prehan
      • Sarikei
      • Segahan
      • Segalang
      • Siteng
    • Sibu-Kanowit-Tanjong languages
      • Kanowit-Tanjong Melanau (or Kanowit-Tanjong, Kanowit) [kxn]
      • Sibu Melanau [sdx]
        • Banyok
        • Seduan
  • Punan-Muller-Schwaner languages
    • Muller-Schwaner languages
      • Kereho (or Kereho-Uheng, Keriau Punan) [xke]
      • Aoheng-Seputan [pni]
        • Aoheng
        • Seputan
      • Hobongan [hov]
        • Nuclear Hovongan
        • Semukung Uheng
    • Punan languages
      • Bukat-Ukit-Beketan-Lugat-Lisum languages
        • Bukat [bvk]
        • Ukit [umi]
        • Bukitan [bkn]
          • Punan Busang
          • Punan Ukit
      • Punan Tubu-Bah languages
        • Punan Tubu [puj]
        • Punan Bah-Biau [pna]
          • Punan Bah
          • Punan Biau
        • Sajau-Latti (or Sajau, Sajau Basap, Sujau) [sjb]
          • Latti
          • Punan Basap
          • Punan Batu 2
          • Punan Sajau
      • Aput-Busang-Merah-Kohi languages
        • Punan Aput (or Aput) [pud]
        • Punan Batu 1 (or Punan Batu) [pnm]
        • Punan Merah [puf]
        • Sihan (or Sian) [spg]
North Sarawakan languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bintulu [bny] (disabled)
  • Dayic languages
    • Lundayeh (or Lun Daye, Lun Dayeh, Lun Daya, Lun Dayah, Lundaya, Lun Dayoh, Lun Bawang, Brunei Murut, Southern Murut, Murut) [lnd] (disabled)
    • Kelabitic languages
      • Lengilu [lgi] (disabled)
      • Sa’ban [snv] (disabled)
      • Tring [tgq] (disabled)
      • Kelabit (or Kalabit, Kerabit) [kzi] (disabled)
        • Bario
        • Brung
        • Lepu Potong
        • Libbung
        • Lon Bangag
  • Berawan-Lower Baram languages
    • Berawan languages
      • West Berawan (or Long Terawan) [zbw] (disabled)
      • Central-East Berawan languages
        • Central Berawan [zbc] (disabled)
        • East Berawan (or Long Jegan, Long Jegan Berawan) [zbe] (disabled)
    • Lower Baram languages
      • Central Lower Baram B languages
        • Lelak [llk] (disabled)
          • Dali (Lelak)
          • Nuclear Lelak
        • Narom (or Narum) [nrm] (disabled)
          • Miri (Malaysia)
          • Nuclear Narom
      • Central Lower Baram A languages
        • Lemeting (or Meting, Balait Jati, Belait) [beg] (disabled)
        • Tutong (or Tutong 2, Tutung) [ttg] (disabled)
        • Kiput [kyi] (disabled)
          • Lemiting
          • Long Kiput
          • Long Tutoh
  • Kenyahic languages
    • Highland Kenyah languages
      • Usun Apau Kenyah (or Mainstream Kenyah, Highland Kenyah, Bakung Kenya, Bakung Kenyah, Bakung, Bakong, Kenyah, Kenya, Kehja, Kenja, Kelinyau Kenyah, Kelinjau, Kelinyau, Kindjin, Kinjin, Madang) [xkl] (disabled)
        • Lepo’ Kulit
        • Uma Bem
        • Uma Jalam
        • Uma Tau
      • Upper Pujungan languages
        • Uma’ Lung (or Oma Longh) [ulu] (disabled)
        • Uma’ Lasan (or Western Kenyah, Western Kenya, Kanyay, Kenja, Kindjin, Kinjin) [xky] (disabled)
          • Kakus Penan
          • Kemena Penan
          • Long Bangan
          • Lunan
          • Uma Bakah
    • Lowland Kenyah languages
      • Eastern Lowland Kenyah (or Wahau Kenya) [whk] (disabled)
        • Uma Timai
      • Western Lowland Kenyah-Penan languages
        • Western Lowland Kenyah (or Tutoh Kenya) [ttw] (disabled)
          • Long Labid
          • Lugat
          • Nuclear Long Wat
        • Penan languages
          • Eastern Penan (or Punan) [pez] (disabled)
            • Penan Apoh
          • Western Penan-Sebop languages
            • Sebop (Sebob Kenyah, Sebob, Sibop, Sabup, Sambup) [sib] (disabled)
              • Bah Malei
              • Lirong
              • Long Atun
              • Long Ekang
              • Long Luyang
              • Long Pokun
              • Tinjar Sibop
            • Western Penan [pne] (disabled)
              • Bok Penan
              • Jelalong Penan
              • Nibong (or Nibon)
              • Penan Apo
              • Penan Gang
              • Penan Lanying
              • Penan Lusong
              • Penan Silat
              • Sipeng
Southwest Sabahan languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Greater Murutic languages
    • Papar (or Bajau Bukit) [dpp]
    • Tatana (or Tatana’, Tatanaq) [txx]
    • Murutic languages (see below)
  • Greater Dusunic languages
    • Dusunic languages (see below)
    • Bisaya-Lotud languages
      • Sabah Bisaya (or Basaya, Besaya, Bisaia, Bisayah, Jilama Bawang, Jilama Sungai) [bsy]
      • Brunei Bisaya (or Southern Bisaya, Bisaia, Bisaya, Bisaya Bukit, Bisayah, Besaya, Basaya, Visayak, Bekiau, Dusun, Jilama Bawang, Jilama Sungai, Lorang Bukit, Tutong 1) [bsb]
      • Lotud (or Latud, Latod, Suang Lotud, Tuaran Dusun) [dtr]
    • Paitanic languages
      • Abai Sungai [abf]
      • Serudung Murut (or Serudong, Tawau Murut, Tidung) [srk]
      • Tombonuo (or Tombonuwo, Tombonuva, Tumbunwha, Tunbumohas, Tambanuo, Tambanua, Tambanuva, Tambanwas, Tambenua, Tambunwas, Tembenua, Sungai, Sungei, Lobu, Paitan) [txa]
        • Lingkabau Sugut
      • Upper Kinabatangan-Lobu languages
        • Tampias Lobu [low]
        • Lanas Lobu [ruu]
          • Lobu
          • Rumanau
        • Upper Kinabatangan [dmg]
          • Dusun Segama
          • Kalabuan
          • Makiang
          • Sinabu'
Murutic languages:
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  • Abai Tubu-Abai Sembuak [?]
  • Eastern Murutic languages
    • Kalabakan (or Kalabakan Murut, Tawau Murut, Tidung) [kve]
    • Okolod (or Okolod Murut, Kolod, Kolour, Kolur) [kqv]
    • Selungai-Sembakung Murut languages
      • Selungai Murut [slg]
      • Sembakung Murut (or Sembakoeng, Sembakong, Simbakong, Tidoeng, Tidong, Tidung, Tingalun, Tinggalan, Tinggalum) [sbr]
  • Northern Murutic languages
    • Gana (or Gana’, Ganaq, Keningau Dusun, Minansut) [gnq]
    • Bookan [bnb]
      • Baukan (or Baukan Murut)
      • Kokoroton Murut
      • Tengara
    • Keningau Murut (or Central Murut) [kxi]
      • Ambual
      • Dusun Murut
      • Nabay
    • Paluan (or Peluan) [plz]
      • Dalit Murut
      • Makaheeliga
      • Nuclear Paluan
      • Pandewan
      • Sook Murut
      • Takapan
    • Timugon Murut (Timugon, Timogon, Timogun, Timigan, Timigun, Tumugun, Temogun, Tenom Murut) [tih]
      • Beaufort Murut
      • Bukau
      • Dabugus
      • Kapagalan
      • Lower Murut
      • Murut Padas
      • Poros
      • Sandiwar
      • Timugon
    • Sumambu-Tagal languages
      • Tagal Murut (or Sumambu-Tagal, Sumambuq, Sumambu, Semambu, Semembu) [mvv]
        • Alumbis
        • Maligan
        • Pensiangan Murut
        • Rundum
        • Salalir
        • Sapulot Murut
        • Sumambu
        • Tagal
        • Tawan
        • Tolokoson
        • Tomani
      • Tidung-Bulusu languages
        • Burusu [bqr]
        • Tidung languages
          • Northern Tidung [ntd]
            • Labuk (Tidund)
            • Tanjung Aru
          • Southern Tidung [itd]
            • Nonukan
            • Penchangan
            • Sedalir
            • Sembakung
            • Sesayap
            • Tarakan
Dusunic languages:
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  • Klias River Kadazan [kqt]
  • Kota Marudu Talantang [grm]
  • Kuijau (or Kwijau, Kijau, Kujau, Koijoe, Kuiyow, Kuliow, Kuriyo, Menindal, Menindaq, Minansut, Tidung, Tindal, Hill Dusun) [dkr]
  • Tobilung (or Tebilung, Tabilong, Tobilang) [tgb]
  • Kimaragang (or Kimaragan, Kimaragangan, Maragang, Marigang) [kqr]
    • Pitas Kimaragang
    • Sandayo
    • Sonsogon
    • Tandek
  • Rungus-Mangkaak-Labuk languages
    • Rungus (or Rungus Dusun, Melobong Rungus, Roongas, Dusun Dayak, Dayak, Memagun, Memogun, Momogun) [drg]
      • Gonsomon
      • Nuclear Rungus
      • Nulu
    • Dumpas-Sukang languages
      • Dumpas (or Doompas) [dmv]
      • Labuk-Kinabatangan Kadazan (or Eastern Kadazan, Labuk Kadazan, Sogilitan, Tindakon, Tompulung) [dtb]
        • Labuk (Kadazan)
        • Lamag Sungai
        • Mangkaak
        • Sukang
  • Kadazan-Dusun languages
    • Coastal Kadazan (or Kadazan Tangaa’, Membakut Kadazan, Papar Kadazan, Penampang Kadazan, Kadazan) [kzj]
    • Tempasuk Dusun (or Tempasuk Dusun, Tampasok, Tampassuk, Tampasuk, Tempasok, Kedamaian Dusun, Tindal) [tdu]
    • Central Dusun (or Central Kadazan, Dusan, Dusum, Dusun, Dusur, Kadasan, Kadayan, Kedayan) [dtp]
      • Beaufort
      • Bundu
      • Dusun Sinulihan
      • Kadazan-Tagaro
      • Kiundu
      • Kuala Monsok Dusun
      • Luba
      • Menggatal
      • Pahu’
      • Ranau
      • Sokid
      • Tindal
    • Sugut Kadazan languages
      • Kota Marudu Tinagas [ktr]
      • Tambunan Dusun [kzt]
      • Minokok [mqq]
      • Sugut Dusun (or Dusun, Sugut Kadazan, Kadayan, Sugut, Tanggal, Tilau-Ilau) [kzs]
        • Talantang
        • Tinagas
North Mangyan languages:
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  • Batakic languages
    • Northern Batak languages
      • Batak Dairi [btd]
      • Batak Alas-Kluet [btz]
        • Alas
      • Batak Karo [btx]
        • Singkil
    • Southern Batak languages
      • Batak Simalungun [bts]
      • Tobaic languages
        • Batak Toba [bbc]
        • Angkola-Mandailing languages
          • Batak Angkola [akb]
          • Batak Mandailing [btm]
  • Gayo [gay]
    • Bobasan
    • Dorot
    • Serbodjadi
    • Tampur
  • Nuclear Barrier Islands languages
    • Simeulue [smr]
    • Mentawai-Nias-Sikule languages
      • Mentawai [mwv]
        • North Siberut
        • Pagai
        • Sakalagan
        • Saumanganja
        • Silabu
        • Simalegi
        • Sipura
        • South Siberut
        • Taikaku
      • Nias-Sikule languages
        • Nias [nia]
          • Batu (Indonesia)
          • Nuclear Nias
        • Sikule [skh]
          • Lekon
          • Tapah
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  • Lemolang [ley]
  • Makassaric languages
    • Selayar [sly]
    • Konjo languages
    • Nuclear Makassaric languages
  • Northern South Sulawesi languages
  • Seko languages
  • Tamanic-Bugis languages
    • Bugis languages
      • Buginese [bug]
        • Barru
        • Bone
        • Camba
        • Luwu
        • Pangkep
        • Pasangkayu
        • Sawitto
        • Sidrap
        • Sinjai
        • Soppeng
        • Wajo
      • Campalagian [cml]
        • Buku
        • Nuclear Campalagian
    • Tamanic languages
      • Taman (Indonesia) [tmn]
      • Embaloh [emb]
        • Kalis
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  • Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages (see below)
  • Oceanic Malayo-Polynesian languages
    • Admiralty Islands languages (see below)
    • Central Pacific languages (see below)
    • Micronesian languages (see below)
    • Southeast Solomonic languages (see below)
    • Southern Melanesian languages (see below)
    • Temotu languages (see below)
    • Yapesic languages
      • Nguluwan [nuw]
      • Yapese [yap]
    • St. Matthias languages
      • Tenis (or Tench) [tns]
      • Mussau-Emira (or Musau-Emira, Musao, Emira-Mussau) [emi]
        • Emira
        • Mussau (or Musau, Musao)
          • Eastern Mussau
          • Southern Mussau
          • Western Mussau
    • North and Central Vanuatu languages
    • Western Oceanic linkage languages
      • Meso Melanesian linkage languages (see below)
      • North New Guinea linkage languages (see below)
      • Papuan Tip linkage languages
        • Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages (see below)
        • Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages (see below)
Greater South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages:
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  • Nabi-Irarutu languages
    • Irarutu [irh]
    • Nabi [nbn]
  • South Halmahera-West New Guinea languages
    • Cenderawasih Bay languages (see below)
    • Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages (see below)
    • Mor (Mor Islands) [mhz]
    • Tandia [tni]
    • Waropen [wrp]
      • Mo’or
      • Napan
      • Waropen Kai
    • Bomberai languages
      • Arguni [agf]
      • Bedoanas [bed]
      • Erokwanas [erw]
    • Lower Mamberamo languages
      • Warembori [wsa]
      • Yoke-Pauwi languages
        • Pauwi (†) [?]
        • Yoke [yki]
Cenderawasih Bay languages:
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  • Biakic languages (see below)
  • Yapen languages (see below)
  • Southwest Cenderawasih Bay languages
    • Yeretuar (or Goni, Umar) [gop]
    • Yaur-Yerisiam languages
      • Yaur (or Jaur) [jau]
      • Yerisiam (or Iresim) [ire]
Biakic languages:
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  • Dusner [dsn]
  • Meoswar [mvx]
  • Biak-Roon languages
    • Roon [rnn]
    • Biak [bhw]
      • Ariom
      • Bo’o
      • Bosnik
      • Dwar
      • Fairi
      • Jenures
      • Kamer
      • Korido
      • Korim
      • Mandusir
      • Mapia (Biak)
      • Mios Num
      • Mofu (Biak)
      • Monoarfu
      • Opif
      • Padoa
      • Penasifu
      • Rumberpon
      • Samberi
      • Sampori
      • Sorendidori
      • Sorido
      • Sor (Papua, Indonesia)
      • Sundei
      • Vogelkop
      • Wadibu
      • Wardo
      • Wari (Indonesia)
      • Warsa
Yapen languages:
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  • Central-Western Yapen languages
    • Ansus-Ambai languages
      • Ansus [and]
      • Woi [wbw]
      • Ambai [amk]
        • Manawi
        • Nuclear Ambai
        • Randawaya
      • Marau [mvr]
        • Warabori
      • Wandamen [wad]
        • Aibondeni
        • Ambumi
        • Bintuni
        • Dasener
        • Wamesa
        • Wasior
        • Windesi
    • Central Yapen languages
      • Munggui (or Natabui) [mth]
      • Papuma [ppm]
      • Pom [pmo]
        • Jobi
      • Serui-Busami languages
        • Busami [bsm]
        • Serui-Laut (or Arui) [seu]
  • Eastern Yapen languages
    • Kurudu [kjr]
    • Wabo [wbb]
Raja Ampat-South Halmahera languages:
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  • As [asz]
  • Ambel-Biga languages
    • Biga [bhc]
    • Waigeo [wgo]
      • Metnyo
      • Metsam
  • Maden (or Palamul, Saparan) [xmx]
    • Kawait
  • Maya-Matbat languages
    • Matbat (or Me) [xmt]
    • Raja Ampat Maya languages
      • Batanta (†) [?]
      • Kawe [kgb]
      • Legenyem [lcc]
      • Wauyai [wuy]
      • Misool-Salawati Ma'ya (or Sailolof, Samate) [slz]
        • Banlol
        • Batanta Island
        • Nuclear Ma’ya
  • South Halmahera languages
    • Gebe [gei]
      • Umera
    • Central-Eastern South Halmahera languages
      • Maba (Indonesia) (or Bicoli, Bitjoli) [mqa]
      • Patani [ptn]
      • Buli (Indonesia) [bzq]
        • Buli
        • Wayamli
      • Sawai [szw]
        • Faya-Mafa
        • Kobe (Indonesia)
        • Messa-Dote
        • Nuclear Sawai
        • Weda
    • East Makian-Gane languages
      • Gane (or Gani, Giman) [gzn]
      • East Makian (or Taba) [mky]
        • Kayoa
        • Nuclear East Makian
Admiralty Islands languages:
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  • Western Admiralty Islands languages
    • Seimat (or Ninigo) [ssg]
    • Wuvulu-Aua [wuv]
    • Anchorite languages (†)
      • Kaniet (†) [ktk]
      • Kaniet-Dempwolff (†) [?]
  • Eastern Admiralty Islands languages
    • South-East Admiralty languages
      • Lenkau [ler]
      • Nauna (or Naune) [ncn]
      • Penchal [pek]
      • Lou-Paluai languages
        • Lou [loj]
        • Rei
        • Paluai [blq]
        • Baluan
        • Pam
    • Manus languages
      • Pak-Tong [pkg]
        • Pak
        • Tong
      • Mokoreng-Loniu languages
        • Loniu [los]
        • Mokerang [mft]
      • East Manus languages
        • Andra-Hus (or Ahus, Ha’us) [anx]
        • Leipon (or Pityilu, Pitilu) [lek]
        • Ponam [ncc]
        • Kurti-Kele-Ere languages
          • Ere (or E, Nane) [twp]
          • Kele (Papua New Guinea) [sbc]
          • Kurti-Elu languages
            • Elu [elu]
            • Kurti [ktm]
        • Koro-Lele-Nali-Titan languages
          • Titan [ttv]
          • Lele (Papua New Guinea) [lle]
            • Sabon
          • Nali [nss]
            • Yiru
          • Manus Koro languages
            • Lopohan (or Koro) [kxr]
            • Papitalai [pat]
      • West Manus languages
        • West Manus I languages
          • Bipi (or Sisi-Bipi) [biq]
          • Hermit (or Luf, Agomes, Maron) [llf]
          • Nyindrou (or Lindau, Lindrou, Nyadan, Salien) [lid]
            • Babon
          • Sori-Harengan [sbh]
            • Harengan
            • Sori
        • West Manus II languages
          • Likum [lib]
          • Mondropolon [npn]
          • Khehek [tlk]
            • Bucho
            • Drehet (or Ndrehet)
            • Levei
          • Tulu-Bohuai [rak]
            • Bohuai (or Pahavai, Pelipowai, Pohuai)
            • Keli
            • Tulu (Papua New Guinea)
Central Pacific languages:
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  • Rotuman (or Rotunan) [rtm]
  • West Fijian languages
    • Western Fijian (or Magodro, Nakoroboya, Noikoro, Viti) [wyy]
      • Nuclear Western Fijian (or Baaravi, Nadroga, Nadrogaa, Nadronga)
      • Waya (Western Fijian)
    • Namosi-Naitasiri-Serua (or Namosi-Naitaasiri-Seerua) [bwb]
      • Batiwai
      • Nalea
      • Tubai
  • East Fijian-Polynesian (or Tokelau-Fijian) languages
    • Polynesian languages (see below)
    • East Fijian languages
      • Gone Dau [goo]
      • Lomaiviti [lmv]
      • Lauan (or Lau) [llx]
        • Lau Island Lauan
        • Vanua Balavu Lauan
      • Fijian [fj]
        • Bau (Fijian)
        • Central Vanua Levu
        • Kadavu
        • Northeast Vanua Levu
        • Northeast Viti Levu
        • Southeast Vanua Levu
        • Southeast Viti Levu
        • West Vanua Levu
Polynesian languages:
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  • Tongic languages
  • Nuclear Polynesian languages
    • Futunic languages
      • Anuta [aut] (disabled)
      • East Futuna (or Futunian) [fud] (disabled)
      • Tikopia [tkp] (disabled)
      • Rennell-Bellona [mnv] (disabled)
        • Munggava
        • Mungiki
      • East Uvean-Niuafo’ou languages
      • Vanuatu-Loyalty Outliers languages
        • Emae [mmw] (disabled)
        • West Uvean [uve]
        • Mele-Futuna languages
          • Futuna-Aniwa (or West Futunan) [fut] (disabled)
            • Aniwa
            • West Futuna
          • Mele-Fila [mxe] (disabled)
            • Fila
            • Mele
    • Ellicean languages
      • Pukapuka [pkp] (disabled)
      • Vaeakau-Taumako [piv] (disabled)
        • Aua (Pileni)
        • Matema
        • Nuclear Pileni
        • Nukapu
        • Nupani
        • Taumako
      • Samoic languages
    • Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
      • Carolinean Outlier Polynesian languages
        • Kapingamarangi (or Kirinit) [kpg] (disabled)
        • Nukuoro (or Nukoro, Nukuoru, Nuguor) [nkr] (disabled)
      • Solomons Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
        • Sikaiana (or Sikayana) [sky] (disabled)
        • Central Northern Outlier Polynesian-East Polynesian languages
          • East Polynesian languages (see below)
          • Central Northern Outlier Polynesian languages
            • Luangiua (ot Leuangiua, Ongtong Java, Ontong Java, Lord Howe) [ojv] (disabled)
              • Nuclear Luangiua
              • Pelau
            • Takuuic languages
              • Nukumanu (or Tasman) [nuq] (disabled)
              • Nukuria (or Nuguria, Nahoa, Fead) [nur] (disabled)
              • Takuu (or Taku, Tau, Tauu, Mortlock) [nho] (disabled)
East Polynesian languages:
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  • Rapanui (or Rapa Nui, Pascuan) [rap]
  • Central Eastern Polynesian languages
    • Marquesic languages
      • Hawaiian
      • Marquesan languages
        • South Marquesan [mqm]
          • Fatu Hiva
          • Hiva Oa
          • Tahuta
        • North Marquesan [mrq]
          • Hatutu
          • Nuku Hiva
          • Ua Huka
          • Ua Pou
    • Tahitic languages
      • Mangareva [mrv]
      • Māngarongaro (or Tongareva, Penrhynese) [pnh]
      • Rakahanga-Manihiki
      • Tahitian-Austral languages
        • Tahitian [ty]
        • Austral (or Tubuai-Rurutu) [aut]
          • Raivavae
          • Rimatara
          • Rurutu
          • Tubuai
      • Maori [mi]
        • Bay of Plenty
        • Moriori
        • North Auckland
        • Rotorua-Taupo
        • South Island
        • Taranaki
        • Wanganui
      • Tuamotuan [pmt]
        • Fangatau
        • Marangai
        • Napuka
        • Parata
        • Reao
        • Tapuhoe
        • Vahitu
      • Mangaia-Old Rapa languages
        • Old Rapa (or Rapan, Rapano) [rai]
        • Southern Cook Island Maori (or Rarotongan-Mangaian, Kuki Airani) [rar]
          • Aitutaki
          • Atiu
          • Mangaia
          • Mauke
          • Mitiaro
          • Rarotonga
Chuukic (or Trukic) languages:
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  • Western Chuukic (or Western Trukic) languages
    • Ulithian [uli]
    • Sonsorol-Tobi languages
      • Tobian [tox]
      • Sonsorol [sov]
        • Pulo Anna
        • Sonsorolese
  • Nuclear Chuukic (or Nuclear Trukic) languages
    • Mapia (†) [mpy]
    • Woleaian [woe]
      • Lamotrek
      • Nuclear Woleaian
    • Central Trukic (or Central Chuukic) languages
      • Satawalese-Carolinian languages
        • Satawalese [stw]
        • Macro-Carolinian languages
          • Carolinian [cal]
          • Namonuito [nmt]
          • Murilo-Fanapanges languages
            • Pááfang [pfa]
            • Tanapag [tpv]
      • Eastern Chuukic (or Eastern Trukic) languages
        • Puluwatese-Pollapese languages
          • Pollapese [?]
          • Puluwatese [puw]
            • Nuclear Puluwatese
            • Pulapese
            • Pulusukese
        • Mortlockese-Chuukese (or Mortlockese-Trukese) languages
          • Chuukese (or Trukese) [chk]
            • East Lagoon Chuukese (or East Lagoon Trukese)
            • Fayichuck
          • Mortlockese [mrl]
            • Lower Mortlock
            • Mid Mortlock
            • Upper Mortlock
Southeast Solomonic languages:
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  • Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages
    • Southeast Guadalcanal languages
      • Birao (or Mbirao) [brr]
      • Talise (or Talisi, Tolo) [tlr]
        • Koo
        • Malagheti
        • Moli
        • Nuclear Talise
        • Poleo
        • Tolo (Solomon Islands)
    • Nuclear Guadalcanal-Nggelic languages
      • Nggelic languages
        • Gela (or Nggela) [nlg]
        • Bughotu [bgt]
          • Hageulu
          • Vulava
      • North and West Guadalcanal languages
        • Malango [mln]
        • Lengo (or Ruavatu, Tasemboko) [lgr]
          • Aola
          • Ghaimuta
          • Nuclear Lengo
          • Paripao
        • Ghari (or Gari, Sughu, Tangarare) [gri]
          • Gae
          • Geri
          • Ndi (Solomon Islands)
          • Nginia
          • Nuclear Ghari
          • Tandai-Nggaria
  • Longgu-Malaita-Makira languages
    • Longgu (or Logu) [lgu]
    • Malaita-Makira languages
      • Sa’a (or Apae’aa, South Malaita) [apb]
        • Uki Ni Masi
        • Ulawa
      • Makira languages
        • Kahua (or Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Chaha, Narihua, Wanoni) [agw]
        • Arosi [aia]
          • Nuclear Arosi
          • Wango
        • Bauro (or Mamarego, Marmaregho) [bxa]
          • Haununu
          • Nuclear Bauro
          • Rawo (Bauro)
        • Fagani (or Faghani, Gani) [faf]
          • Agufi
          • Nuclear Fagani
          • Rihu’a
        • Owa (or Narihua, Wanoni) [stn]
          • Santa Ana (Solomon Islands)
          • Santa Catalina
          • Tawarafa
      • Malaita languages
        • Southern Malaita languages
          • Dori’o (or Kwarekwareo) [dor]
          • Oroha (Oraha, Mara Ma-Siki) [ora]
          • ’Are’are (or Areare) [alu]
            • Marau Sound
            • Nuclear ’Are’are
        • Central-Northern Malaita languages
          • Gula’alaa (or Ngongosila, Kwai) [gmb]
          • Kwaio (or Koio) [kwd]
          • Kwara’ae (or Fiu) [kwf]
          • Wala (or Langalanga) [lgl]
          • North Malaitan languages
            • Baeggu (or Baegu, Mbaenggu) [bvd]
            • Baelelea (or Mbaelelea) [bvc]
            • Fataleka [far]
            • To’abaita (or Malu, Malu’u, To’ambaita, Toqabaqita) [mlu]
            • Lau [llu]
              • Dai (Lau)
              • Nuclear Lau
              • Suafa
Southern Melanesian languages:
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Temotu languages:
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Micronesian languages:
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  • Nauruan [na]
  • Nuclear Micronesian languages
    • Kosraean [kos]
      • Lelu-Tafunsak
      • Malen-Utwe
    • Central Micronesian languages
      • Gilbertese (or Kiribati) [gil]
        • Banaban
        • Nui
      • Western Micronesian languages
        • Marshallese [mh]
          • Rälik
          • Ratak
        • Chuukic-Ponapeic (or Trukukic-Ponapeic) languages
          • Chuukic (or Trukic) languages (see below)
          • Ponapeic languages
            • Mokilese [mkj]
            • Pingelapese [pif]
            • Pohnpeian [pon]
              • Kiti
              • Ponapean
              • Sapwuahfik
Central Vanuatu languages:
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  • Paama (or Paama-Lopevi, Paamese, Pauma) [pma]
    • North Paama
    • South Paama
  • Namakura (or Makura) [nmk]
    • Buninga (Namakura)
    • Makura
    • Mataso
    • Tongariki Island
    • Tongoa Island
  • South Pentecost languages
    • Seke-Sowa languages
      • Seke (Vanuatu) (or Ske) [ske]
      • Sowa [sww]
    • Sa [sax]
      • Lolatavola
      • Ninebulo
      • Ponorwal
    • Apma (or Central Raga) [app]
      • Bwatnapni
      • Loltong
      • Melsisi
      • Suru-Bo
      • Suru-Marani
  • Ambrym languages
    • Lonwolwol (Craig Cove, Fali, Fanting, Raljago, West Ambrym) [crc]
    • North Ambrym [mmg]
      • Magam
      • Olal
    • Orkon-Port Vato-Dakaka languages
      • Orkon-Fanbak [fnb]
      • Port Vato-Dakaka languages
        • Daakie (or Port Vato) [ptv]
        • Dakaka (or Baiap) [bpa]
          • Sesivi
    • Southeast Ambrym [tvk]
      • Endu
      • Ase-Taveak
        • Mele Maat
        • Penapo
        • Taveak
        • Toak
  • Epi-Efate languages
    • Epi languages
      • Baki-Bierebo languages
        • Baki (or Burumba, Paki) [bki]
        • Bierebo (or Bonkovia-Yevali) [bnk]
      • Bieria-Maii languages
        • Maii (or Mkir, Mae-Morae, Mafilau) [mmm]
        • Bieria (or Bieri, Vovo, Wowo) [brj]
          • Nuclear Bieria
          • Vovo
      • Lamenu-Lewo languages
        • Lamenu (or Lamen, Varmali) [lmu]
        • Lewo (or Varsu) [lww]
          • Mate-Nul-Filakara
          • Tasiko
    • Efate (or Efatic) languages
      • South Efatic languages
        • South Efate (or Erakor, Fate) [erk]
        • Eton (Vanuatu) (or Epwau) [etn]
          • Eton
          • Pang Pang
      • North Efatic languages
        • Lelepa (or Havannah Harbour) [lpa]
        • North Efate (or Tongoa)
          • Buninga
          • Emau
          • Livara
          • Nguna
          • Paunangis
          • Sesake
  • Malakula languages
    • Northern Malakula languages
      • Malua Bay (or Mallicolo) [mll]
      • North Coast Malakula languages
        • Nese [?]
        • Botovro-Vovo-Vao languages
          • Mpotovoro (or Botovro) [mvt]
          • Vao [vao]
    • Eastern Malakula linkage languages
      • Uripiv-Wala-Rano-Atchin [upv]
        • Atchin
        • Uripiv
        • Wala-Rano
      • Central-Southeast Malakula languages
        • Burmbar (or Vartavo) [vrt]
        • Aulua [aul]
          • Boinelang
          • Onesso
        • Unua-Pangkumu languages
          • Rerep (or Pangkumu) [pgk]
            • Tisman
          • Unua (or Onua) [onu]
            • Bush Unua
        • Southeastern Malakula linkage languages
          • Bwenelang [?]
          • Maskelynes [klv]
          • Nasvang-Nisvai languages
            • Nasvang [?]
            • Nisvai [?]
          • Port Sandwich-Axamb-Avok languages
            • Avok [?]
            • Axamb (or Ahamb) [ahb]
            • Port Sandwich (or Lamap) [psw]
    • Western Malakula linkage languages
      • Central-Western Malakula languages
        • Larevat [lrv]
        • Naman (or Litzlitz, Litzlitz-Visele) [lzl]
        • Neverver (or Lingarak) [lgk]
        • Neve’ei (or Vinmavis, Lambumbu) [vnm]
          • Winiv (Vinmavis)
      • Peripheral Western Malakula languages
        • Ninde-Nati languages
          • Nati [?]
          • Ninde (or Meaun, Mewun, Nide, Ninde) [mwi]
        • Northwestern Malakula languages
          • Big Nambas (or V’ënen Taut) [nmb]
          • Maragus (or Tape) [mrs]
          • Tirax (or Mae, Tirak, Emwae) [mme]
            • North Small Nambas
        • Southwestern Malakula languages
          • Avava (or Tembimbe-Katbol, Bangsa’, Katbol) [tmb]
          • Dixon Reef (or Aveteian) [dix]
          • Nasarian [nvh]
          • Navwien [?]
          • Southwest Coastal Malekula languages
            • Nahavaq (Seniang, Sinesip) [sns]
            • Na’ahai (or Malfaxal, Taman, Tomman) [mlx]
              • Orierh
          • Letemboi-Repanbitip [nms]
            • Letemboi
            • Repanbitip
          • Nititi-Vivti languages
            • Nitita [?]
            • Vivti [?]
Northern Vanuatu languages:
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  • Hano (or Bwatvenua, Lamalanga, Qatvenua, Raga, Vunmarama) [lml]
  • Ambae languages
    • West Ambae (or Opa) [nnd]
      • Nduindui
      • Walaha
    • East Ambae (or Omba, Aoba, Walurigi, Northeast Lolovoli) [omb]
      • Lolokaro
      • Lombaha
      • Longana
  • Maewo languages
    • Sunwadia (or Marino, Naone, North Maewo) [mrb]
    • Baetora [btr]
      • Narovorovo
      • Nasawa
      • Talise (Vanuatu)
    • Central Maewo [mwo]
      • Lotora
      • Peterara
      • Tanoriki
  • Torres-Banks linkage languages
    • Dorig (or Wetamut) [wwo]
    • Lehali (or Teqel] [tql]
    • Lehalurup (or Löyöp, Ureparapara) [urr]
    • Mota [mtt]
    • Nume (or Tarasag, Tasarag) [tgs]
    • Mwotlap (or Motlav) [mlv]
      • Volow
    • Vurës (or Mwesen, Mosina) [msn]
      • Nuclear Vures
      • Vetumboso
    • Hiw-Lo-Toga languages
      • Hiw (or Torres) [hiw]
      • Lo-Toga (or Loh-Toga) [lht]
    • Merlav (or Mwerlap) [mrm]
      • Matliwag
      • Mwerig
      • West Mwerelawa
    • Koto-Olrat-Lakon languages
      • Lakon (or Lakona, Gaua, Gog, Vure) [lkn]
      • Koro-Olrat [krf]
        • Koro (Vanuatu)
        • Olrat
    • Lemerig-Veraa languages
      • Lemerig [lrz]
      • Vera’a [vra]
        • Leon
        • Pak (Vatrata)
        • Sasar
  • Espiritu Santo languages
    • West Santo languages
      • Akei (or Tasiriki) [tsr]
      • Kula (Vanuatu) (or Wusi) [wsi]
    • South Santo languages
      • Ale (or Wailapa) [wlr]
      • Amblong (or Varavara, Aje) [alm]
      • Araki [akr]
      • Movono (or Tangoa) [tgp]
      • Narango (or Farsaf) [nrg]
    • North-West Santo languages
      • Nokuku (or Nogugu) [nkk]
      • Piamatsina [ptr]
      • Tasmate (or Meri, Oa) [tmt]
      • Tolomako (or Tolomako-Jereviu, Big Bay) [tlm]
      • Valpei (or Valpei-Hukua) [vlp]
      • Vunapu [vnp]
    • Central Santo languages
      • Kiai (or Fortsenal) [frt]
      • Mores (or Roria, Soisoru, Toksiki) [rga]
      • Morouas (or Ko, Mores) [mrp]
      • Tiale-Merei-Navut languages
        • Navut (or Sinia) [nsw]
        • Tiale (or Malmariv) [mnl]
        • Merei (or Lametin, Merei) [lmb]
          • Winiv (Merei)
    • East Santo languages
      • Aore [aor]
      • Nethalp (or Lorediakarkar) [lnn]
      • Ngen (or Shark Bay) [ssv]
      • Tamambo (or Malo) [mla]
        • Ataripoe
        • Avunatari
      • Wanohe (or Sakao, Sakau) [sku]
        • Nkep
        • Sakao
      • Mafea-Tutuba languages
        • Mafea (or Mavea) [mkv]
        • Tutuba [tmi]
      • Southeast Santo languages
        • Farafi (or Butmas-Tur, Ati) [bnr]
        • Polonombauk (or Narmoris) [plb]
        • Tambotalo (or Biliru) [tls]
Meso Melanesian linkage languages:
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  • Bali-Vitu languages
    • Muduapa (or Vitu, Witu) [wiv]
    • Uneapa (or Bali) [bbn]
  • Willaumez linkage languages
    • Bola-Bulu languages
      • Bulu (Papua New Guinea) [bjl]
      • Bola (or Bola-Bakovi, Bakovi) [bnp]
        • Harua (or Garua, Karua, Xarua, Mai)
        • Nuclear Bola
    • Nakanai-Meramera languages
      • Meramera [mxm]
        • Lolobao
      • Nakanai (or Nakonai) [nak] (disabled)
        • Bileki
        • Losa
        • Maututu
        • Ubae
        • Vere (Papua New Guinea)
  • New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic linkage (or Neu-Mecklenburg) languages
    • Tomoip (or Tomoyp, Tomoive, Tumuip, Tumie) [tqp]
    • St George linkage languages (see below)
    • Madak linkage languages
      • Barok (or Kanalu, Kanapit, Kolube, Kulubi, Komalu) [bjk]
        • Nuclear Barok
        • Usen
      • Lavatbura-Lamusong [lbv]
        • Kontu
        • Lamusong
        • Lavatbura
        • Ugana
      • Madak [mmx]
        • Danu (Papua New Guinea)
        • Katingan (Papua New Guinea)
        • Lelet
        • Malom
        • Mesi
    • Tabar linkage languages
      • Lihir (or Lir) [lih]
      • Notsi (or Nochi) [ncf]
      • Mandara (or Madara, Tabar, Wandala) [tbf]
        • Big Tabar
        • Simberi
        • Tatau
    • Tungak-Nalik languages
      • Lakuramau [?]
      • Nalik (or Fesoa, Fessoa, Lugagon) [nal] (disabled)
      • Tiang (or Djaul) [tbj]
      • Tungag (or Tungak, Lavangai, Lavongai, Dang) [lcm]
      • Kara (Papua New Guinea) (or Lemakot, Lemusmus) [leu]
        • East Kara
        • Lauan-Nonopai
        • Luburua
        • Ngavalus-Lossuk
        • West Kara
      • Tigak (or Omo) [tgc]
        • Central Tigak
        • Island Tigak
        • South Tigak
        • West Tigak
St George linkage languages:
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  • Siar-Lak (or Siar, Lak, Lamassa, Lambom) [sjr]
  • Sursurunga [zgz]
  • Northwest Solomonic languages (see below)
  • Konomala [koa]
    • Laket
    • Nuclear Konomala
  • Tangga (or Tanga) [tgg]
    • Fanamaket [bjp]
    • Niwer Mil-Warwar Feni
      • Niwer Mil [hrc]
      • Warwar Feni (or Anir, Feni) [hrw]
  • Kandas-Duke of York languages
    • Kandas (or King) [kqw]
    • Ramoaaina (or Ramuaina, Duke of York) [rai]
      • Aalawa
      • Makada
      • Molot (or Main Island)
  • Label-Bilur languages
    • Bilur (or Birar) [bxf]
    • Label [lbb]
  • Patpatar-Minigir-Tolai languages
    • Patpatar (or Gelik, Patpari) [gfk]
      • Nuclear Patpatar
      • Pala
      • Sokirik
    • Minigir-Tolai languages
      • Guramalum [grz]
      • Minigir (or Lungalunga) [vmg]
      • Kuanua (or Tinata Tuna, Tuna, Gunantuna, Tolai, Ober-Mengen, Neu-Pommern, New Britain Language, Blanche Bay) [ksd]
        • Kabakada
        • Kininanggunan
        • Kokopo
        • Livuan
        • Masawa
        • Matupit
        • Nodup
        • Rakunei
        • Raluana
        • Rapitok
        • Rebar
        • Vanumami
        • Vunadidir
        • Watom
Northwest Solomonic languages:
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  • West Santa Isabel languages
    • Laghu (or Lagu, Katova) (†) [lgb]
    • Zabana (or Kham, Kia) [kji]
  • Banoni-Piva languages
    • Bannoni (or Banoni, Tsunari) [bcm]
    • Lawunuia (or Nagarege, Nagarige, Naghareghe, Piva) [tgi]
      • Amun
  • Mono-Uruavan languages
    • Torau (or Rorovana) [ttu]
    • Uruava [urv]
    • Mono-Alu [mte]
      • Alu
      • Fauro
      • Mono
  • Choiseul languages
    • West Choiseul languages
      • Ririo [rri]
      • Southeast Choiseul languages
        • Sisiqa [?]
        • Babatana (or Mbambatana, East Choiseul) [baa]
          • Avasö
          • Katazi
          • Kuboro
          • Lömaumbi
          • Nuclear Babatana
          • Sengan
    • East Choiseul languages
      • Vaghua (or Vagua, Tavola, Tavula) [tva]
      • Varisi (or Varese) [vrs]
        • Ghone
        • Nuclear Varisi
  • Santa Isabel languages
    • East Santa Isabel languages
    • Central Santa Isabel languages
  • North Bougainville Oceanic languages
    • Solos [sol]
    • Nuclear North Bougainville Oceanic languages
  • New Georgia languages
    • Kazukuru (†) [kzk]
    • West New Georgia languages
    • East New Georgia languages
North New Guinea linkage languages:
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  • Sarmi-Jayapura Bay languages
  • Schouten linkage languages
  • Huon Gulf languages
  • Ngero-Vitiaz linkage languages
Peripheral Papuan Tip linkage languages:
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  • Central Papuan Oceanic languages (see below)
  • Nimoa-Sudest languages
    • Nimoa (or Nimowa) [nmw]
      • Panatinani
      • Panawina
      • Sabari
      • Western Point
    • Sudest (or Sud-Est, Tagula, Vanatina, Vanga) [tgo]
      • Eastern Point
      • Griffin Point
      • Jelewaga
      • Pamela
      • Rambuso
  • Kilivila-Misima languages
    • Misima-Paneati (or Panaeati, Panaieti, Panayeti, Paneate, Paneyate) [mpx]
      • Nasikwabw (or Tokunu)
      • Tewatewa
    • Kilivilic languages
      • Budibud (or Nada) [btp]
      • Kilivila-Muyuw languages
        • Kilivila (or Kiriwina) [kij]
          • Kitava
          • Sinaketa
          • Vakuta
        • Muyuw (or Muyu, Muyua, Muyuwa, Murua, Muruwa) [myw]
          • Iwa (Papua New Guinea)
          • Lougaw (or Gawa)
          • Nawyem
          • Wamwan
          • Yanaba
Central Papuan Oceanic languages:
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  • Sinagoro-Keapara languages
    • Sinaugoro (or Sinagoro) [snc]
      • Alepa
      • Babagarupu
      • Balawaia
      • Boku
      • Buaga
      • Ikega
      • Ikolu
      • Kubuli
      • Kwaibida
      • Kwaibo
      • Omene
      • Oruone
      • Saroa
      • Taboro
      • Tubulamo
      • Vora
      • Wiga
    • Hula-Keapara languages
      • Hula [hul]
        • Alewai
        • Irupara
        • Kaporoko
        • Vula (or Vulaa)
      • Keapara (or Keopara, Kerepunu) [khz]
        • Aroma
        • Babaga
        • Kalo (Keapara)
        • Kapari
        • Lalaura
        • Maopa
        • Nuclear Keapara
        • Wanigela
  • Oumic languages
    • Ouma [oum]
    • Magoric languages
      • Bina (Papua New Guinea) [bmn]
      • Magori [zgr]
      • Yoba [yob]
  • West Central Papuan linkage languages
    • Abadi (or Kabadi, Gabadi) [kbt]
    • Motu (or Pure Motu, True Motu, Mona) [meu]
      • Eastern Motu
      • Western Motu
    • Nuclear West Central Papuan linkage languages
      • Kuni [kse]
      • Lala (or Nara, Nala, Ala'ala, Pokau) [nrz]
      • Toura (Papua New Guinea) (or Doura) [don]
      • Mekeo (or Mekeo-Kovio, Kovio) [mek]
        • East Mekeo
        • North Mekeo
        • Northwest Mekeo
        • West Mekeo
      • Waima [rro]
        • Nuclear Waima
        • Paitana
        • Roro
Nuclear Papuan Tip linkage languages:
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  • North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages (see below)
  • Maisin (or Maisan) [mbq]
    • Kosirava
    • Nuclear Maisin
  • Suauic languages
    • ’Auhelawa (or ’Urada, Kurada, Nuakata) [kud]
    • Buhutu (Bohutu, Buhulu, Siasiada, Yaleba) [bxh]
    • Oya’oya [oyy]
    • Unubahe [unu]
    • Bwanabwana (or Tubetube) [tte]
      • Kwalaiwa
      • Wale
    • Wagawaga [wgb]
      • Gamadoudou
      • Nuclear Wagawaga
    • Suau Chain languages
      • Saliba [sbe]
        • Logeya
        • Nuclear Saliba
      • Suau [swp]
        • Bona Bona
        • Bonarua
        • Dahuni
        • Daui
        • Leileiafa
        • Nuclear Suau
        • Sinaki
North Papuan Mainland-D'Entrecasteaux linkage languages:
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  • Anuki (or Gabobora) [aui]
  • Gumawana (or Domdom, Gumasi) [gvs]
  • Dobu-Duau linkage languages (see below)
  • Are-Taupota linkage languages (see below)
  • Kakabai linkage languages
    • Dawawa (or Dawana) [dww]
    • Kakabai (or Igora) [kqf]
      • North Kakabai
      • South Kakabai
  • Bwaidoga linkage languages
    • Koluwawa (or Kalokalo) [klx]
    • Molima (or Morima, Ebadidi, Fagululu, Salakahadi) [mox]
      • Ai’alu
      • Tala’ai
      • Tosila’ai
    • Diodio (or West Goodenough) [ddi]
      • Awale
      • Central Diodio
      • Iauiaula
      • Utalo
    • Bwaidoka-Iduna languages
      • Iduna (or Vivigani, Vivigana) [viv]
        • Belebele
        • Central Vivigani
        • Goiala
        • Idakamenai
        • Kalauna
        • Ufaufa
        • Ufufu
        • Waibula
      • Bwaidoka [bwd]
        • Bebebele Ii
        • Belebele I
        • Bwaidoga
        • Faiyava
        • Kilia
        • Kiliva
        • Lauwela
        • Mataitai
        • Wagifa
    • Iamalelic languages
      • Maiadomu (or Maiadom) [mzz]
      • Iamalele (or Yamalele) [yml]
        • Central Yamalele
        • Didigavu
        • Gwabegwabe
        • Masimasi (Yamalele)
        • Southern Yamalele
Dobu-Duau linkage languages:
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  • Dobu [dob]
    • Central Dobu
    • Galubwa
    • Loboda
    • Sanaroa
    • Ubuia
  • Duau [dva]
    • Dawada
    • Guleguleu
    • Mwalukwasia
    • Siausi
    • Somwadina
  • Sewa Bay (or Duau Pwata) [sew]
    • Bwakera
    • Central Sewa Bay
    • Darubia
    • Maiabare
    • Miadeba
    • Sewataitai
    • Sibonai
  • Boselewa-Galeya languages
    • Boselewa (or Bosalewa, Bosilewa, Mwani’u) [bwf]
    • Galeya [gar]
      • Basima
      • Gameta
      • Garea
      • Sebutuia
      • Urua
      • Wadalei
  • Bunama-Mwatebu languages
    • Mwatebu [mwa]
    • Bunama [bdd]
      • Barabara
      • Kasikasi
      • Kerorogea
      • Kumalahu
      • Lomitawa
      • Meudana
      • Nuclear Bunama
      • Sawabwala
      • Sawatupwa
      • Sipupu
      • Weyoko
Are-Taupota linkage languages:
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  • Are linkage languages
    • Are (or Mukawa) [mwc]
    • Doga (or Magabara) [dgg]
    • Gapapaiwa (or Gapa, Manape, Paiwa) [pwg]
    • Ghayavi (or Galavi, Boanaki, Boianaki, Boinaki, Boanai) [bmk]
    • Kaninuwa (or Kaokao, Wataluma) [wat]
    • Ubir (or Ubiri, Kubiri) [ubr]
    • Arifama-Miniafia (or Miniafia-Arifama) [aai]
      • Arifama
      • Miniafia
  • Taupota linkage languages
    • Maiwala [mum]
    • Minaveha (or Minavega, Kukuya) [mvn]
    • Yakaikeke [ykk]
    • Wedau (or Wedaun, Wedawan) [wed]
      • Kwamana
      • Lavora
      • Topura
      • Yapoa
    • Tawala (or Tawara, Tavara) [tbo]
      • Awayama
      • Bohilai
      • Diwinai
      • Huhuna
      • Kehelala
      • Labe
      • Lelehudi
      • Sideya
      • Yaleba
    • Eastern Taupota languages
      • Gweda (or Garuwahi, Garuvahi) [grw]
      • Taupota [tpa]
      • Wa’ema (or Waiema) [wag]
      • Haigwai (or Garaghwaghi) [hgw]
        • Kapulika
        • Naura
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  • Aru languages (see below)
  • Babar languages (see below)
  • Central Maluku languages (see below)
  • Flores-Lembata languages (see below)
  • Flores-Sumba-Hawu languages (see below)
  • Kei-Tanimbar languages (see below)
  • Timoric languages
  • Bima [bhp]
    • Kolo (Indonesia)
    • Mbojo
    • Nuclear Bima
    • Sangar
    • Toloweri
  • Kowiai [kwh]
    • Adijaya
    • Keroi
    • Namatota
    • Waikala
  • South Tanimbar languages
    • Selaru [slu]
      • Kandar
    • Seluwasan [sws]
      • Makatian
      • Nuclear Seluwasan
Aru languages:
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Babar languages:
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Central-Maluku languages:
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  • East Central Maluku languages (see below)
  • Teor-Kur languages
    • Kur [kuv]
    • Teor [tev]
      • Gaur Kristen
      • Ut
  • West Central Maluku languages
    • Ambelau [amv]
    • Buru-Sula-Taliabo languages
      • Taliaboic languages
        • Kadai [kzd]
        • Taliabu [tlv]
          • Mananga
          • Mangei
          • Padang (Taliabu)
      • Sula-Buru languages
        • Sulaic languages
          • Mangole [mqc]
          • Sula [szn]
            • Facei
            • Fagudu
            • Falahu
        • Buruic languages
          • Hukumina [huw]
          • Lisela [lcl]
            • Nuclear Lisela
            • Tagalisa
          • Buru (Indonesia) [mhs]
            • Central Buru
            • Fogi
            • Masarete
            • Wae Sama
East Central Maluku languages:
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Flores-Lembata languages:
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  • Kedang [ksx]
  • Sika-Lamaholot languages
Flores-Sumba-Hawu languages:
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  • Flores Barat languages
  • Sumba-Hawu languages
Kei-Tanimbar languages:
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  • Kei-Fordata languages
    • Fordata [frd]
      • Fordata-Larat I
      • Fordata-Larat II
      • Molo (Indonesia)
      • Sera (Indonesia)
    • Kei [kei]
      • Kei Besar
      • Kei Kecil
      • Ta’am
      • Tanimbar Kei
      • Tayando
  • Yamdena-Onin languages
    • Yamdena [jmd]
      • North Yamdena
      • South Yamdena
    • Oninic languages
      • Onin [oni]
        • Nikuda
        • Ogar
        • Patipi
        • Sepa
      • Sekar [skz]
      • Uruangnirin [urn]
Timoric A languages:
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  • Eastern Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Northern Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Western Timoric A languages (see below)
  • Central Timoric A languages
    • Habu [hbu]
    • Tetunic languages
      • Tetun Dili [tdt]
      • Tetum [tet]
        • Eastern Tetun
        • Northern Tetun
        • Southern Tetun
Eastern Timoric A languages:
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  • Maku’a [lva]
  • Kawaimina languages
    • Waima’a [wmh]
    • Kairui-Midiki [krd]
      • Kairui
      • Midiki
    • Nauete [nxa]
      • Naumik
      • Oso Moko
  • Luangic-Kisaric languages
    • Kisaric languages
      • Kisar [kje]
      • Roma [rmm]
    • Luangic languages
      • Leti (Indonesia) [lti]
      • Luang [lex]
        • Wetan
        • Nuclear Luang
          • Lakor
          • Luang island
          • Moa
          • Sermata
Northern Timoric A languages:
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  • East Damar [dmr]
  • Teun-Nila-Serua languages
    • Te’un [tve]
    • Nila-Serua languages
      • Nila [nil]
      • Serua (†) [srw]
  • Galoli-Talur [gal]
    • Baba (East Timor)
    • Dadua
    • Edi
    • Hahak
    • Na Nahek
    • Nuclear Galoli
    • Talur
      • Hiay
      • Ilputih (Talur)
      • Ilwaki
  • Wetar languages
    • Ili’uun [ilu]
      • Eray
      • Esulit
      • Ilmaumau
      • Karbubu
      • Klishatu
      • Nabar
      • Telemar
      • Ustutun
    • Perai-Tugun-Aputai languages
      • Perai-Aputai languages
        • Perai [wet]
          • Moning
          • Uhak
        • Aputai [apx]
          • Ilputih (Aputai)
          • Lurang
          • Welemur
      • Tugun [tzn]
        • Arwala
        • Ilpokil
        • Kahailin Ilway
        • Mahuan
        • Masapua
        • Tomliapat
Western Timoric A languages:
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  • Helong [heg]
    • Funai
    • Helong Darat
    • Helong Pulau
  • Uab Metoic languages
    • Baikeno [bkx]
      • Kais Metan
      • Tai Boko
      • Uis Tasae
    • Amarasi [aaz]
      • Kotos
      • Ro’is
      • Ro’is Hero
      • Ro’is Tais Nonof
    • Uab Meto [aoz]
      • Amanuban-Amanatun
      • Amfoan-Fatule’u-Amabi
      • Biboki-Insana
      • Kusa-Manlea
      • Mollo-Miomafo
  • Rotinese languages
    • Dela-Oenale [row]
      • Dela
      • Oenale
    • Dengka [dnk]
      • Eastern Dengka
      • Lelain
      • Western Dengka
    • Nuclear Rotinese languages
      • Tii [txq]
      • Bilba [bpz]
        • Diu
        • Lelenuk
        • Nuclear Bilba
      • Lole [llg]
        • Ba’a
        • North Lole
        • South Lole
      • Ringgou [rgu]
        • Landu
        • Nuclear Ringgou
        • Oe Pao
      • Termanu [twu]
        • Bokai
        • Korbafo
        • Pa'da
        • Pa'da Kona
Timoric B languages:
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  • Eastern Timoric B languages
    • Idaté [idt]
    • Lakalei [lka]
  • Mambae [mgm]
    • Damata
    • Lolei
    • Mambai (East Timor)
    • Manua
  • Western Timoric B languages
    • Kemak [kem]
      • Nogo
      • Nuclear Kemak
    • Tukudede [tkd]
      • Keha
      • Nuclear Tukudede
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  • Basap [bdp]
    • Berau
    • Binatang
    • Bulungan
    • Dumaring
    • Jembayan
    • Karangan
  • Greater Barito linkage languages
    • North East Greater Barito languages (see below)
    • North West Greater Barito languages (see below)
    • Sama-Bajaw languages (see below)
    • Southeast Barito languages (see below)
    • Dusun Deyah [dun]
    • Barito-Mahakam languages
    • Dusun Malang [duq]
      • Bayan
      • Nuclear Dusun Malang
    • South West Greater Barito languages
      • Bakumpai [bkr]
        • Mengkatip
        • Nuclear Bakumpai
      • Ngaju [nij]
        • Ba’amang
        • Mantangai
        • Pulopetak
North East Greater Barito languages:
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North West Greater Barito languages:
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Sama-Bajaw languages:
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  • Inabaknon [abx]
  • Yakan [yka]
  • Sulu-Borneo languages
    • Pangutaran Sama [slm]
    • Borneo Coast Bajaw languages
      • Mapun [sjm]
      • West Coast Bajau [bdr]
        • Banggi
        • Kawang
        • Kota Belud
        • Papar (West Coast Bajau)
        • Pitas Bajau
        • Putatan
        • Sandakan Bajau
      • Indonesian Bajau [bdl]
        • Jampea
        • Jaya Bakti
        • Kajoa
        • Matalaang
        • Poso
        • Roti
        • Same’
        • Sulamu
        • Togian 1
        • Togian 2
        • Wallace
    • Inner Sulu Sama languages
      • Central Sama [sml]
        • Dilaut-Badjao
      • Balangingi [sse]
        • Daongdung
        • Kabinga’an
        • Lutangan
        • Nuclear Balangingi
        • Sibuco-Vitali
        • Sibuguey
      • Southern Sama [ssb]
        • Bajau Banaran
        • Bajau Darat
        • Bajau Laut
        • Bajau Semporna
        • Balimbing
        • Bongao
        • Laminusa
        • Languyan
        • Obian
        • Sama (Malaysia-Philippines)
        • Sapa-Sapa
        • Sibutu’
        • Sikubung
        • Simunul
        • Sitangkai
        • Tandubas
        • Ubian
Southeast Barito languages:
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  • Malagasic languages (see below)
  • Dusun Witu [duw]
    • Dusun Pepas
    • Nuclear Dusun Witu
  • Maanyan-Paku languages
    • Paku [pku]
    • Ma’anyan [mhy]
      • Dusun Balangan
      • Samihim
      • Sihong
Malagasic languages:
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  • Malagasy [mg] macrolanguage
  • Southwestern Malagasic languages
    • Mahafaly Malagasy [?]
    • Tandroy Malagasy [tdx]
    • Tanosy Malagasy [txy]
    • Western Malagasic languages
      • West Malagasy Sakalava [skg]
      • Masikoro Malagasy [msh]
        • Masikoro-Miary
        • Vezo
  • North-Central Malagasic languages
    • Northern Malagasic languages
      • Antankarana Malagasy [xmv]
        • Kibushi-Kimaore
        • Mainland Antankarana
      • Tsimihety-Betsimisaraka languages
        • Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy [bmm]
        • Tsimihety Malagasy [xmw]
    • Central Malagasic languages
      • Tesaka Malagasy [tkg]
      • Northern Central Malagasic languages
        • Kibosy Kiantalaotsy-Majunga [buc]
          • Kiantalaotse
          • Majunga
        • Northeast Central Malagasic languages
          • Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy [bzc]
          • Bara-Merina languages
            • Bara Malagasy [bhr]
            • Plateau Malagasy [plt]
              • Betsileo
              • Bezanozano
              • Merina
              • Sihanaka
              • Tanala

Aymaran languages

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Central-Southern Aymara languages:
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Tupe languages:
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  • Cauqui [?]
  • Jaqaru (or Hakaru-Kauki, Haqearu) [jqr] (disabled)

Barbacoan languages

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Cariban (or Carib) languages

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  • Apalaí [apy] (disabled)
  • Guianan languages (see below)
  • Venezuelan Cariban languages (see below)
  • Yawaperi languages
    • Bonari (†) [?]
    • Waimiri-Atroari [atr] (disabled)
      • Atruahí
      • Jawaperi
      • Waimiri
  • Pekodian languages
    • Bakairí [bkq] (disabled)
    • Xinguan languages
      • Apiaka-Tocantins (†) [?]
      • Yarumá (†) [?]
      • Ikpeng [txi] (disabled)
      • Pará Arára [aap] (disabled)
  • Kuikuroan languages
    • Pimenteira (†) [?]
    • Nuclear Kuikuroan languages
      • Kuikúro-Kalapálo [kui] (disabled)
      • Matipuhy [mzo] (disabled)
        • Nahukuá
        • Nuclear Matipuhy
  • Opon-Yukpan languages
    • Opón-Carare (†) [?]
    • Yukpan languages
      • Japrería [jru] (disabled)
      • Yukpa [yup] (disabled)
        • Caño Padilla-La Laguna
        • Río Casacará
        • Río Maracas
        • Rio Negro
        • Yrapa
  • Parukotoan languages
    • Kaxuiâna [kbb] (disabled)
      • Cunuana
      • De’cuana
      • Ihuruana
      • Pawiyana
    • Waiwaian languages
      • Hixkaryána [hix] (disabled)
      • Waiwai [waw] (disabled)
        • Katawian
Guianan languages:
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  • Palmela (†) [?]
  • Galibi Carib [car] (disabled)
    • Murato
    • Tabajari
    • Tyrewuju
  • Maquiritari-Wayumara languages
    • Wayumara (†) [?]
    • Maquiritari [mch] (disabled)
      • Maitsi
      • Mayongong
  • Taranoan languages
    • Carijona [cbd] (disabled)
    • Tiriyoan languages
      • Pauxi (†) [?]
      • Akurio (†) [ako] (disabled)
      • Trió (or Tiriyo) [tri] (disabled)
        • Pianocotó
  • Wayanaic languages
    • Tiverighotto (†) [?]
    • Yebarana (†) [?]
    • Wayana [way] (disabled)
      • Rucuyen
      • Urucuiana
Venezuelan Cariban languages:
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  • Pemong-Panare languages
    • Panare [pbh] (disabled)
    • Pemongan languages
      • Macushi [mbc] (disabled)
      • Kapon (or Kapong, Kapón) languages
        • Akawaio (or Akawayo) [ake] (disabled)
        • Patamona [pbc] (disabled)
      • Pemon (or Pemong, Pemón) [aoc] (disabled)
        • Arecuna (or Arekuna)
        • Camaracota
        • Camaracoto
        • Ingariko (or Ingarikó)
        • Taulipang
        • Taurepan
  • Mapoyo-Tamanaku languages
    • Tamanaku [tmz] (disabled)
    • Cumana languages
      • Chaima [ciy] (disabled)
      • Cumanagoto [cuo] (disabled)
    • Paravilhana-Pauxiana languages
      • Paravilhana [?]
      • Pauxiana [?]
      • Sapara [?]
    • Mapoyo-Yawarana languages
      • Mapoyo [mcg] (disabled)
      • Pémono [pev] (disabled)
      • Yabarana [yar] (disabled)
        • Curasicana
        • Wokiare

Chibchan languages

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  • Pech (or Payan, Bayano, Taia, Towka, Seco) [pay] (disabled)
  • Core Chibchan languages
    • Antioquian (†) [?]
    • Isthmic Chibchan (or Norteño, Nortenyo) languages (see below)
    • Magdalenic languages (see below)
    • Votic Chibchan languages
      • Huetar (†) [?]
      • Maléku Jaíka (Guatuso, Guetar, Watuso, Watuso-Wétar) [gut] (disabled)
      • Rama (or Arama, Arrama, Boto, Voto, Melchora) [rma] (disabled)
Isthmic Chibchan (or Norteño, Nortenyo) languages:
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  • Doracic languages (†)
    • Changuena (†) [?]
    • Dorasque (†) [?]
  • Eastern Isthmic Chibchan languages
    • Kuna (or Cuna, Caimán, Cueva) languages
      • Border Kuna [kvn] (disabled)
      • San Blas Kuna [cuk] (disabled)
        • Bayano (or Paya-Pocuro)
        • Chuana
    • Guaymiic languages
      • Buglere (or Muoy, Murire) [sab] (disabled)
        • Bokotá (or Bokota, Bocotá, Bocota, Bogota, Bogotá, Boncota, Bukueta, Bobota, Bofota)
        • Sabanero (or Veraguas Sabanero)
      • Ngäbere (or Ngawbere, Ngobere, Movere, Move, Mobe, Guaymi, Gymimí, Chiriqui, Mycenaean Linear B, Penonomeño) [gym] (disabled)
        • Eastern Guaymí (or Costa Rica Ngäbere)
        • Valiente (or Western Guaymí, Panamá Guaymí, Panama Ngäbere)
  • Western Isthmic Chibchan languages
    • Boruca (or Boruka, Borunca, Borunka, Burunca, Brunca, Brunka, Burnca) [brn] (disabled)
    • Teribe (or Tiribi, Tiribí, Tirribi, Tirub, Terraba, Naso, Quequexque) [tfr] (disabled)
    • Viceitic languages
      • Bribri (or Viceita, Viceíta, Viceyta, Talamanca) [bzd] (disabled)
        • Amubre-Katsi
        • Coroma
        • Salitre-Cabagra
      • Cabécar (or Cabecar, Kabékar, Tucurrique) [cjp] (disabled)
        • Chirripó (or Chiripo)
        • Estrella
        • Telire
        • Ujarrás
Magdalenic languages:
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  • Northern Magdalenic languages
    • Chimila (or Chimile, Shimizya, Simiza, Chamila, Ette Ennaka, Ette Taara, Caca Weranos, San Jorge) [cbg] (disabled)
    • Arhuacic languages
      • Cogui (or Coghui, Coqui, Kogui, Kogi, Káugian, Köggaba, Kaggaba, Kagaba, Cágaba) [kog] (disabled)
      • Eastern-Southern Arhuacic languages
        • Arhuaco (or Aruaco, Arwako, Bintuk, Bintuka, Bintukwa, Bintucua, Bíntucua, Busitana, Ika, Ica, Ijka, Ijca, Ixca, Ike, Icu) [arh] (disabled)
        • Eastern Arhuacic languages
          • Kankuamo (†) [?]
          • Malayo (or Maracasero, Marocacero, Marocasero, Aisario, Arosario, Arsario, Sancá, Sanka, Sanká, Sanja, Sanha, Huihua, Wiwa, Wamaka, Guamaca, Guamaka, Kampanake, Damana, Atanque, Bustintana, Nabela) [mbp] (disabled)
  • Southern Magdalenic languages
    • Barí (or Barira, Motilon, Motilón, Motilone, Dobocubi, Dobocubí, Dobokubí, Cunausaya) [mot] (disabled)
    • Chibcha-Duit languages
    • Tunebo (or U’w Cuwa, U’w Kuwa, U’wa, Uwa, Cobaría, Pedraza, Sínsiga, Tegría, Tame) languages
      • Angosturas Tunebo [tnd] (disabled)
      • Barro Negro Tunebo [tbn] (disabled)
      • Central Tunebo [tuf] (disabled)
      • Western Tunebo (or Agua Blanca, Aguas Blancas) [tnb] (disabled)

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

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Chukotkan languages:
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  • Chukchi [ckt] (disabled)
    • Chaun
    • Enmylinskij
    • Enurmin
    • Nunligranskij
    • Pevekskij
    • Uellanskij
    • Xatyrskij
    • Yanrakinot
  • Koryakic languages
    • Alyutor [alr] (disabled)
      • Alutorskij
      • Karaginskij
      • Palanskij
    • Kerek [krk] (disabled)
      • Khatyrka
      • Mainypilgino
      • Majngapilgino
      • Xatyrka (Southern Kerek)
    • Koryak [kpy] (disabled)
      • Apuka
      • Cavcuvenskij
      • Itkan
      • Kamen
      • Paren (Koryak)
Kamchatkan languages:
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  • Northeast Itelmen (or Northeast Kamchadal) (†) [?]
    • East Itelmen
    • Uka
  • South Itelmen (or South Kamchadal) (†) [?]
  • West Itelmen (or West Kamchadal) [itl] (disabled)
    • Sedanka
    • Xajrjuzovskij

Dravidian languages

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  • Brahui [brh]
    • Jharawan
    • Kalat
    • Sarawan
  • Kurux-Malto languages
    • Kurux (or Kurukh) languages
      • Nepali Kurux (or Dhangar) [kxl]
      • Oraon-Kisan Kurukh languages
        • Kisan (Dravidian) (or Kisan Kurukh) [xis]
        • Kurukh (or Oraon, Uranw, Oraon Kurukh) [kru]
    • Malto (or Paharia) languages
      • Kumarbhag Paharia [kmj]
      • Sauria Paharia [mjt]
        • Godda
        • Hiranpur
        • Litipara
        • Sahibganj
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  • Parji-Ollari-Gadaba languages
    • Mudhili Gadaba [gau]
    • Pottangi Ollar Gadaba [gdb]
    • Duruwa [pci]
      • Dharba
      • Kukanar
      • Nethanar
      • Tiriya
  • Kolami-Naiki languages
    • Northwestern Kolami [kfb]
      • Madka-Kinwat
      • Maregaon
      • Pulgaon
      • Wani
    • Southeastern Kolami [nit]
      • Asifabad
      • Metla-Kinwat
      • Naiki
      • Utnur
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Tulu-Koraga languages:
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  • Tulu-Bellari languages
    • Bellari [brw]
    • Kudiya [kfg]
    • Tulu [tcy]
  • Koraga languages
    • Mudu Koraga [vmd]
    • Korra Koraga [kfd]
      • Ande
      • Mudu
      • Onti
      • Tappu
Tamil-Kota languages:
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  • Kota (India) [kfe]
    • Ko Bashai
  • Tamil-Toda languages
    • Toda [tcx]
    • Tamil-Irula languages
      • Tamil-Kodagu languages
        • Kodava [kfa]
        • Urali of Idukki [url]
        • Tamil-Malayalam languages
      • Irula-Muduga languages
        • Muduga-Palu languages
          • Attapady Kurumba [pkr]
          • Muduga [udg]
        • Irula of the Nilgiri [iru]
          • Urali Irula
          • North-South Irula
            • Kasaba
            • South Irula
              • Mele Nadu Irula
              • Vette Kada Irula
Malayalamoid languages:
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  • Allar [all] (disabled)
  • Aranadan [aaf]
  • Kadar [kej]
  • Kanikkaran [kev]
  • Kurichiya [kfh]
  • Malaryan (†) [mjq]
  • Mullu Kurumba [kpb]
  • Thachanadan [thn]
  • Ullatan (†) [ull]
  • Vishavan [vis]
  • Wayanad Chetti [ctt]
  • Malankuravan [mjo]
    • Malayadiars
  • Malavedan [mjr]
    • Vetan
    • Vettuvan
  • Kalanadic languages
    • Kalanadi [wkl]
    • Kunduvadi [mku]
    • Pathiya [pty]
  • Ravulic languages
    • Paniya [pcg]
    • Ravula [yue]
      • Adiya
      • Pani Yerava
      • Panjiri Yerava
  • Malayalam [ml]
    • Central Kerala
    • Jewish Malayalam
    • Kayavar
    • Malabar
    • Moplah
    • Nagari-Malayalam
    • Namboodiri
    • Nasrani
    • Nayar
    • North Kerala
    • Nuclear Malayalam
    • Pulaya
    • South Kerala
Tamiloid languages:
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  • Mala Malasar [ima]
  • Malapandaram [mjp]
  • Old Tamil (†) [oty]
  • Malasa-Eravallan languages
    • Eravallan [era]
    • Malasar [ymr]
  • Muthuvan-Mannan languages
    • Mannan [mjv]
    • Muthuvan [muv]
      • Eastern Muthuvan
      • Western Muthuvan
  • Yerukula-Korava-Kaikadi languages
    • Kaikadi [kep]
    • Yerukula [yeu]
      • Parikala
      • Sankara-Yerukala
  • Tamil-Paliyan languages
    • Paliyan [pcf]
      • Mala Pulayan
    • Tamil [ta]
      • Adi Dravida
      • Aiyangar
      • Aiyar
      • Arava
      • Burgandi
      • Burma Tamil
      • Harijan
      • Hebbar
      • Kongar
      • Madrasi
      • Malaya Tamil
      • Mandyam Brahmin
      • Nuclear Tamil
      • Pattapu Bhasha
      • Sanketi
      • Secunderabad Brahmin
      • South Africa Tamil
      • Sri Lanka Tamil
      • Tigalu
Badaga-Kannada languages:
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  • Badaga [bfq]
  • Kannadoid languages
    • Alu Kurumba [xua]
    • Betta Kurumba [xub]
    • Holiya [hoy]
    • Jennu Kurumba [xuj]
    • Sholaga [sle]
    • Nuclear Kannaoid languages
      • Old Kannada (†) [qkn]
      • Kannada [kn]
        • Aine Kuruba
        • Bijapur
        • Jeinu Kuruba
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Konda-Kui languages:
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  • Konda-Dora [kfc]
    • Kubi (India)
    • Nuclear Konda-Dora
    • Manda-Pengo languages
      • Manda (India) [mha]
      • Pengo [peg]
        • Awe
        • Indi
  • Manda-Kui languages
    • Kui-Kuvi languages
      • Kuvi [kxv]
      • Kui (India) [kxu]
        • Gumsai
        • Khondi
Teluguic languages:
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  • Chenchu [cde]
  • Manna-Dora [mju]
  • Mukha-Dora [mmk]
  • Waddar [wbq]
  • Old Telugu (†)
  • Telugu [te]
    • Berad
    • Dasaru
    • Dommara
    • East Godaweri
    • Golari
    • Guntur
    • Kamathi
    • Komtao
    • Nellore
    • Rayalseema
    • Salewari
    • Srikakula
    • Telangana
    • Vadaga
    • Vadari
    • Vishakhapatnam
    • Yanadi
Northwest Gondi languages:
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  • Southern Gondi [ggo]
    • Aheri
    • Bhamragarh
    • Etapally Gondi
    • Nirmal
    • Rajura
    • Sironcha
    • Utnoor
  • Northern Gondi [gno]
    • Amravati
    • Betul
    • Bhandara
    • Chhindwara
    • Mandla (Dravidian)
    • Nagpur
    • Seoni
    • Yavatmal
Southeast Gondi languages:
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  • Maria (India) [mrr]
    • Abujmaria
    • Adewada
    • Bhamani Maria
    • Etapally Maria
  • General Southeast Gondi languages
    • Muria languages
      • Far Western Muria [fmu]
      • Eastern Muria [emu]
        • Lanjoda
        • Raigarh
      • Western Muria [mut]
        • Banchapai
        • Dhanora
        • Sonapal
    • South Bastar Gondi-Koya languages
      • Dandami Maria [daq]
        • Geedam
        • Sukma
      • Koya [kff]
        • Dorli
        • Jaganathapuram Koya
        • Malakanagiri Koya
        • Podia Koya

Eskimo-Aleut languages

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  • Naukan Yupik (or Chaplino-Naukan, East Cape Yupik) [ynk]
  • Alaskan Yupik languages
    • Central Siberian Yupik (or Yoit, Yuk, St. Lawrence Island Yupik) [ess]
    • Pacific Gulf Yupik [ems]
      • Chugach
      • Koniag
    • Central Alaskan Yupik (or Yup’ik) [esu]
      • General Central Yup’ik
      • Hooper Bay-Chevak
      • Nunivak
      • Unaliq
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  • Greenlandic Inuit [kl] macrolanguage
    • Kalaallisut (or Western Greenlandic) [kal]
    • Tunumiisiut (or Eastern Greenlandic) [?]
      • Ammassalimiut (or Ammassalik)
  • Inupiaq (or Alaskan Inupiatun) [ik] macrolanguage
    • Seward Alaska Inupiatun [esk]
      • Bering Strait Inupiatun
      • Qawiaraq Inupiatun
    • North Alaskan Inupiatun [esi]
      • North Slope Inupiatun
      • Malimiutun
        • Kobuk River Inupiatun
        • Kotzebue Sound Inupiatun
  • Inuktitut [iu] macrolanguage
    • Inuvialuktun (or Western Canadian Inuktitut) [ikt]
      • Kivallirmiutut (or Kivalliq or Caribou)
      • Siglitun
      • Natsilingmiutut (or Netsilik)
        • Natsilik proper
        • Arviligjuaq
        • Utkuhiksalik
      • Inuinnaqtun
        • Kangiryuarmiutun
        • Coppermine
        • Bathurst
        • Cambridge
    • Eastern Canadian Inuktitut [ike]
      • Aivilik (or Aivilingmiutut, Aivilimmiutut, Aivillirmiut, Kangiqłniq)
      • Kivalliq
      • Quebec-Labrador Inuktitut (or Atlantic Inuktitut)
        • Nunavik (or North Quebec Inuktitut)
        • Nunatsiavut (or Innuttitut, Nunatsiavummiutut, or Labradorimiutut)
          • North Labrador Eskimo
          • Rigolet Inuktitut
      • Baffin Inuktitut
        • East Baffin Inuktitut
        • South Baffin Inuktitut (or Qikiqtaaluk Nigiani)
        • North Baffin Inuktitut (sometimes considered instead part of Inuvialuktun above)
          • Iglulingmiut
          • Polar Eskimo (also in Western Greenland)
          • Tununitmiut

Hmong-Mien languages

<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Hmongic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Greater Chuanqiandian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>

Hokan languages (?)

Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Hokan family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>

Indo-European languages

<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Anatolian languages (†):
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Hittite (or Hati, Hatti, Nesian, Nesite) (†) [hit] (disabled)
  • Lydian (†) [xld] (disabled)
  • Palaic (†) [plq] (disabled)
  • Sidetic (†) [xsd] (disabled)
  • Luvic languages (†)
    • Pisidian (†) [xps] (disabled)
    • Carian (†) [xcr] (disabled)
    • Luvian (or Luwian) languages (†)
      • Cuneiform Luwian (or Cuneiform Luvian, Cuneiform Hittite) (†) [xlu] (disabled)
      • Hieroglyphic Luwian (or Hieroglyphic Hittite, Hieroglyphic Luvian, Late Luwian, East Luwian) (†) [hlu] (disabled)
    • Lycian-Milyan languages (†)
      • Lycian A (or Late West Luwian) (†) [xlc] (disabled)
      • Milyan (or Lycian B) (†) [imy] (disabled)
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Classical-Middle Armenian (†) [xcl] (disabled)
  • Eastern-Western Armenian languages
    • Armenian [hy]
      • Khoy-Maragha
      • Agulis-Meghri
        • Agulis
        • Meghri
      • Ararat
        • Ashkharik
        • Astrakhan Armenian
        • Bayazet
        • Djugha
        • Erevan
        • Ardvin-Tbilisi
          • Artvin
          • Tbilisi
      • Gharabagh-Shamakhi
        • Aresh-Havarik
        • Burdur
        • Dzhulfa (Azerbaijan)
        • Gharabagh
        • Jolfâ (Iran)
        • Kazakh-Kirovabad
        • Krzen
        • Mehtishen
        • Shamakhi (Armenian)
    • Western Armenian [hyw]
      • Artial
      • Artialic
      • Bolu (Armenian)
      • Stanoz
      • Yozgat
      • Antioch
        • Beylan
        • Kesab-Svedia
      • Hamshenic
        • Edesa Armenian
        • Hamshen
      • Kilikien
        • Hajin
        • Marash-Zeytun
      • Vanic
        • Diadin
        • Van
      • Mush-Tigranakert
        • Mush
        • Sasun
        • Talverik-Motkan
        • Tigranakert
      • Asia Minor
        • Akn
        • Arabkir
        • Aslanbeck
        • Ayntab
        • Constantinople Armenian
        • Crimea-Nor-Nakhichevan
        • Eudokia
        • Karin
        • Kesaria
        • Kessab-Latakia-Jisr-al-Shughur
        • Kharberd-Erznkad
        • Kyurin
        • Malatya
        • Marzvan-Amasia
        • North Komedia
        • Rodosto
        • Sebastia
        • Shapin-Karahisar
        • Sivrihisar
        • Smyrna Armenian
        • Syolyoz
        • Trabzon
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Prussian (†) [prg] (disabled)
  • Eastern Baltic languages
    • Semigallian (or Old Semigallian) (†) [xzm] (disabled)
    • Selonian (or Old Selonian) (†) [sxl] (disabled)
    • Latvian (or Lettish) [lv] macrolanguage
      • Livonian Latvian
        • Courland Livonian Latvian (or Tamian, Western Livonian)
        • Vidzeme Livonian (or Eastern Livonian)
      • Middle Latvian
        • Curonian (or Kursenieki)
        • Standard Latvian (or Semigallian Latvian, Zemgalian Latvian)
        • Vidzeme Middle Latvian
      • Upper Latvian
    • Lithuanian [lt] macrolanguage
      • Old Lithuanian (†) [olt] (disabled)
      • Standard Lithuanian
      • Aukshtaitish
        • Dzukish
        • East Aukštaitian
        • Suvalkietiskai
      • Samogitian [sgs]
        • North Samogitian
        • South Samogitian
        • West Samogitian
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
East Slavic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Russian (or Old East Slavic, Vladimir-Suzdal) (†) [orv] (disabled)
  • Belarusian [be]
  • Ukrainian-Rusyn languages
    • Rusyn [rue]
      • Lemko
    • Ukrainian [uk]
      • East Ukrainian
      • Northwest Ukrainian
      • Southwest Ukrainian
  • Russian [ru]
    • Central Russian
    • Ninilchik
    • North Russian
    • South Russian
      • Doukhobor
      • Lipovan
      • Molokan
      • Nuclear South Russian
West Slavic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Eastern South Slavic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Church Slavic (or Old Church Slavonic, Old Bulgarian) (†) [cu]
  • Macedo-Bulgarian languages
    • Macedonian [mk]
      • Western Macedonian
        • Central Western Macedonian
        • Western and Northwestern Macedonian
      • Eastern and Southern Macedonian
        • Eastern Macedonian
        • Southeastern Macedonian
        • Southwestern Macedonian
      • Northern Macedonian
        • Western Northern Macedonian
          • Gora (Serbian-Macedonian)
          • Skopska Crna Gora
          • Tetovo
        • Eastern Northern Macedonian
          • Kratovo
          • Kriva Palanka
          • Kumanovo
          • Ovce Pole
    • Bulgarian [bg]
      • Anatolian Bulgarian
      • Western Bulgarian
        • Northwestern Bulgarian
        • Pirin-Malashevo
        • Southwestern Bulgarian
        • Transitional Bulgarian
      • Eastern Bulgarian
        • Bassarabian Bulgarian
        • Moesian
        • Transylvanian Bulgarian
        • Wallachian Bulgarian
        • Balkan Bulgarian
          • Central Balkan Bulgarian
          • Eastern Balkan Bulgarian
          • Western Balkan Bulgarian
        • Rup
          • Central Rup
          • Pomak
          • Western Rup
          • Eastern Rup
            • Banat Bulgarian
            • Paulician
Western South Slavic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Brythonic (or Brittonic) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Pictish (?) (†) [xpi] (disabled)
  • Old Brythonic (or Old Brittonic) (†) [?]
  • Western Brythonic (or Western Brittonic) languages
    • Cumbric (?) (†) [xcb] (disabled)
    • Old-Modern Welsh languages
      • Old-Middle Welsh (†) [owl] (disabled)
        • Middle Welsh (†)
        • Old Welsh (†)
      • Welsh [cy]
        • Northern Welsh
        • Patagonian Welsh
        • Southern Welsh
  • Southwestern Brythonic (or Southwestern Brittonic) languages
Goidelic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • West Scandinavian languages
  • South Scandinavian languages
    • Jutish (or Jutlandic) [jut]
    • East Danish [?]
      • Blekingska
      • Bornholmska
      • Halländska
      • Skånska
    • Nuclear Danish languages
      • Traveller Danish (†) [rmd] (disabled)
      • Danish [da]
        • Old Danish (†)
        • Southern Islands Danish
        • Southern Funen Islands
        • Eastern Funen
        • Western Funen
        • Southern Zealand
        • Eastern Zealand
        • Western Zealand
  • North Scandinavian languages
    • Archaic Gutnish (or Gotlandic, Gutamal, Gutnic, Gutniska) [?]
      • Färömål
      • Laumål
    • Narrow North Scandinavian languages
      • Archaic Norrlandic [?]
      • Jamtska (or Jamska, Jamtish, Jamtlandic) [?]
    • East-Central Swedic languages
      • East Swedic languages
        • Estonian Swedish [?]
        • Archaic Finnish Swedish (or Finland Swedish) [?]
          • Åland Islands Swedish
          • Nyland Swedish
          • Österbotten
          • Southwest Finland Swedish
        • Swedish [sv]
          • Old Swedish (†)
          • Götamål
          • Sveamål (or Svea)
          • Standard Swedish
      • Dalecarlian [dlc] macrolanguage (disabled)
        • Västerdalarna
          • Övre Västerdalmål
            • Lima (Västerdalmål)
            • Malung
            • Transtrand
          • Nedre Västerdalmål
            • Äppelbo
            • Floda
            • Järna
            • Nås
        • Österdalarna
          • Nedansiljan
            • Ål
            • Bingsjö
            • Bjursås
            • Boda
            • Djura
            • Gagnef
            • Leksand
            • Mockfjärd
            • Rättvik
          • Ovansiljan
            • Övdalian (or Elfdalian) [ovd]
              • Åsen
              • Blyberg
              • Evetsberg
            • Orsamål
              • Hansjö
              • Skattungbyn
              • Våmhus
            • Moramål
              • Bonäs
              • Färnäs
              • Norra Venjan
              • Ore
              • Östnor
              • Södra Venjan
              • Sollerömål
              • Vika
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Altsächsisch (or Old-Saxonic) languages
    • Old Saxon (or Altniederdeutsch) (†) [osx] (disabled)
    • Middle-Modern Low German languages
      • Middle Low German (or Middle Saxon, Mittelniederdeutsch, Hanseatic Lingua Franca) (†) [gml] (disabled)
      • Low German languages (see below)
  • Anglo-Frisian languages
    • Frisian languages (see below)
    • Macro-Dutch (or Low Saxon-Low Franconian) languages
      • Old Dutch-Old Frankish (†) [odt] (disabled)
        • Old Dutch (†)
        • Old Frankish (or Old Franconian) (†)
      • Middle-Modern Dutch languages
    • Anglic languages
Low German languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Greater East Low German languages
    • Plautdietsch [pdt]
    • Low Saxon (or Eastern Low German) [nds]
      • Mittelpommersch (or East Pomeranian)
      • Niederprussisch (or Low East Prussian)
      • Märkisch (or Brandenburgish, Brandenburger, Brandenburgian)
        • Mittelmärkisch
        • Nordmärkisch
        • Südmärkisch
      • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (or Mecklenburgian-West Pomeranian)
        • Mecklenburgish (or Mecklenburgish, Mecklenburger, Mecklenburgian)
        • Strelitzsch
        • Voorpommerisch (or West Pomeranian, or Anterior Pomeranian)
  • West Low German languages
    • Eastphalian [?]
      • Elbeostfälisch (or Elbe Eastphalian)
      • Göttingen-Grubenhagensch
      • Heideostfälisch (or Heide Eastphalian)
      • Kernostfälisch (or Kern Eastphalian)
    • Westphalic (or Westphalian, Westphalien, Westfaelisch, Westfälisch, Neuniederdeutsch, New Low German) [wep] (disabled)
      • Ostwestfalisch (or East Westphalian)
      • Südwestfalisch (or South Westphalian)
      • Münsterlandisch (or Munsterlandish)
      • Westmünsterlandisch (or West Munsterlandish)
      • Urkers
      • Achterhoeks (or Achterhoek, Aachterhoeks) [act] (disabled)
      • Sallands (or Salland, Sallan) [sdz] (disabled)
      • Stellingwerfs (or Stellingwarfs ) [sdl] (disabled)
      • Twents (or Tweants, Twente) [twd]
      • Drents (or Drèents, Drente) [drt] (disabled)
        • North Drente
        • South Drente
      • Veluws (or Veluwe) [vel] (disabled)
        • East Veluws
        • North Veluws
    • North Low Saxon languages
      • German Northern Low Saxon [frs] (disabled)
        • Dithmarsch
        • East Frisian Low Saxon (or Eastern Frisian, Ostfriesisch, Saterlandic Frisian, Seeltersk Frisian)
        • Emsländisch
        • North Hanoveranian
        • Oldenburgisch
        • Schleswigsch (or Schleswig Low Saxon)
        • Holsteinisch (or Holstein Low Saxon)
      • Gronings (or Groningen, Grunnings) [gos] (disabled)
        • Groningen-East Frisian (or Gronings-Oostfries)
        • West Groningen (or West Gronings)
        • Westerwolds (or Westerwold)
        • Veenkoloniaals (or Veen Colony Gronings)
Frisian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Low Franconian (or Modern Dutch) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Southwestern Dutch languages
    • Western Flemish (or West-Vlams) [vls]
      • Frans-Westhoek Vlaams
        • Frans Vlaams (or French Flemish)
        • Westhoek Vlaams (or Vlaemsch, Westhoek Flemish)
      • Westvlaams
        • Continental West Flemish
        • Northern Maritime West Flemish
        • Western Maritime West Flemish
    • Zeelandic (or Zeeuws) [zea]
      • Axels
      • Bevelands
      • Duvelands
      • Flakkees
      • Fluplands
      • Goerees
      • Kezands
      • Schouws
      • Walchers
  • Global Dutch languages
    • Javindo (or Krontjong) [jvd] (disabled)
    • Petjo (or Petjoh, Criollo Petjo, Pecok, Pecok Creole) [pey] (disabled)
    • Afrikaansic languages
    • Dutch Caribbean Creole languages (†)
      • Berbice Creole Dutch (†)
      • Negerhollands (†)
      • Skepi Creole Dutch (or Skepi) (†) [skw] (disabled)
        • Essequibo (†)
    • Dutch [nl]
      • North Hollandish
      • Central Southern Dutch
        • Antwerps
        • Brabants
        • Oost-Vlaams
      • Central Northern Dutch
        • South Guelderish
        • Utrechts
        • South Hollandish
          • Bildts
          • Nuclear South Hollandish
          • Town Frisian
Later-Anglic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
English [en]:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Cameroon English [en-CM]
  • Ghanaian English [en-GH]
  • Hong Kong English [en-HK]
  • Indian English [en-IN]
  • Jamaican English [en-JM]
  • Kenyan English [en-KE]
  • Malaysian English [en-MY]
  • Maltese English [en-MT]
  • New Zealand English [en-NZ]
  • Nigerian English [en-NG]
  • Pakistani English [en-PK]
  • Singlish (or Colloquial Singaporean English) [en-SG]
  • Sri Lankan English [en-LK]
  • Tanzanian English [en-TZ]
  • Ugandan English [en-UG]
  • Australic English [en-AU]
    • Australian English
    • Australian Vernacular English
  • Fiji English [en-FJ]
    • Acrolectal Fiji English
    • Pure Fiji English
  • Southern African English
    • White Zimbabwean English [en-ZW]
    • St. Helena English [en-SH]
      • Tristan da Cunha English
    • South African English [en-ZA]
      • Cape Flats English
      • Black South African English
      • Indian South African English
      • White South African English
  • Irish English
    • Ulster English [en-GB-NI]
    • Southern Irish English [en-IE]
      • North-West Irish English
      • South-West Irish English
      • West Irish English
      • East Coast Irish English
        • Fingallian
        • Yola
  • North American English
    • Canadian English [en-CA]
      • Atlantic Provinces English
      • Northern Canadian English
      • Southern Canadian English
      • Atlantic Provinces English
      • Northern Canadian English
      • Southern Canadian English
    • American English [en-US]
      • New York City English
      • North Central American English
      • Western American English
      • Western Pennsylvania English
      • Eastern New England English
        • Boston English
        • Providence English
      • Northern North American English
        • Inland North English
        • St. Louis Corridor English
        • Western New England English
      • Southeast American English
        • Florida English
        • Mid-Atlantic American English
        • Midland American English
          • Cincinnati English
          • St. Louis English
        • Southern American English
          • American Inland South English
          • Charleston English
          • Texas South English
  • British English [en-GB]
    • Northern English
      • Lower Northern English
      • Northumberland English
    • South-Central English
      • Central English
        • Western Central English
          • Lancashire English
          • Staffordshire English
        • Eastern Central English
          • Leicestershire English
          • Lincolnshire English
          • South Yorkshire English
      • Southern English
        • Southeastern English
          • Eastern Counties Southeastern English
          • Central-East Southeastern English
            • Essex
            • Northamptonshire-Cambridgeshire
        • Southwestern English
          • Eastern Southwestern English
          • Mid-South Welsh English
          • Northern Southwestern English
          • North-West Welsh English
          • Welsh English
          • Southeastern Southwestern English
            • Berkshire
            • Lower Southeastern Southwestern English
              • Kent-Surrey
              • Sussex
          • Western Southwestern English
            • Channel Islands English
            • Dorset-Somerset
            • Wiltshire-Hampshire
            • East Cornwall-Devon
              • Devon
              • East Cornwall
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Lombardic (†) [?]
  • Middle German languages
    • East Middle German languages (see below)
    • West Middle German languages (or Lower Franconian) (see below)
  • Upper German languages
    • Old High German (ca. 750-1050) (†) [goh] (disabled)
    • Middle-Modern High German languages
East Middle German languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Central East Middle German [sxu]
    • Nordobersächsisch-Südmärkisch (or Lusatian-New Marchian)
    • High East Prussian
      • Breslauisch
      • Oberländisch
    • Thuringian
      • Central Thuringian
      • East Thuringian
      • Ilm Thuringian
      • Northeast Thuringian
      • North Thuringian
      • Southeast Thuringian
      • West Thuringian
    • Upper Saxon
      • North Upper Saxon
      • South Upper Saxon
  • Schlesisch-Wilmesau languages
  • Yiddish [yi] macrolanguage
    • Western Yiddish [ydh]
      • Midwestern Yiddish
      • Northwestern Yiddish
      • Southwestern Yiddish
    • Eastern Yiddish [ydd]
      • Mideastern Yiddish
        • Lodz Yiddish
        • Poylish (or Polish Yiddish)
        • Western Galician Yiddish
      • Northeastern Yiddish
        • Litvish (or Lithuanian Yiddish)
        • Northern Ukraine Yiddish
      • Southeastern Yiddish
        • Bessarabian Yiddish
        • Ukrainish
West Middle German (or Lower Franconian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Middle Franconian languages
    • Moselle Franconian [ltz]
      • East Moselle Franconian
        • Saarlouis-Koblenz
        • Westerwäldisch
      • Hessian
        • Nordhessisch (or North Hessian)
        • Osthessisch (or East Hessian)
        • Zentralhessisch (or Central Hessian)
      • West Moselle Franconian
        • Trierish
        • Luxemburgic
          • Luxembourgish [lb]
          • Saarburg-Prüm
          • Thionville-Merzig
          • Transylvanian Saxon
    • Ripuarian languages
  • Rhenish Franconian languages
    • Hunsrik [hrx]
    • Palatinate languages
      • Pennsylvania German [pdc]
        • Amish Pennsylvania German
        • Non-Amish Pennsylvania German
      • Palatine German (or Pfaelzisch-Lothringisch) [pfl]
        • Lothringisch (or Lorraine Franconian)
        • Nordpfälzisch (or Northern Franconian)
        • Ostpfälzisch (or Eastern Franconian)
        • Südhessisch (or Southern Hessian)
        • Südreinfränkisch (or South Rhenish Franconian)
        • Vorderpfälzisch (or Vorder Franconian)
        • Westpfälzisch (or Western Franconian)
Upper Franconian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Global German languages
  • Eastern Franconian (or Ostfränkisch) [vmf]
    • Ansbacher-Neustädter-Coburger Franconian (or Ansbachisch-Itzgründisch)
      • Ansbacher Franconian (or Ansbachisch)
      • Neustädter-Coburger Franconian (or Itzgründisch)
    • Lower East Franconian (or Unterostfränkisch)
      • Henneberg Franconian (or Hennebergisch)
      • Mid-North Lower East Franconian (or Grabfeldisch)
      • Southwest Lower East Franconian (or Unterfränkisch)
      • Würzburger Franconian
    • Upper East Franconian (or Oberostfränkisch)
      • Hof-Bayreuther (or Oberfränkisch)
      • Nailaer
      • Obermain
      • Regnitz
      • Vogtlandish (or Vogtländisch)
Alemannic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • North Alemannic languages
    • Colonia Tovar German [gct]
    • Swabian [swg] (disabled)
  • South Alemannic languages
    • Walser [wae]
    • Central Alemannic [gsw]
      • High Alemannic (or Swiss Alemannic) [gsw-CH]
        • Bernese
        • Fribourg German
        • Graubenden-Grisons
        • Liechtensteinisch [gsw-LI]
        • Lower Wallis
        • Luzern German
        • Obwald
        • St. Gallen
        • Vorarlbergisch
        • Zürich German
      • Low Alemannic
        • Alsatian [gsw-FR]
        • Baden-Württemberg Alemannic [gsw-DE]
          • Basel German
          • Lake Constance Alemannic
          • Schwarzwald Low Alemannic
          • Upper-Rhine Alemannic
Bairisch languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Bavarian [bar]
    • North Bavarian
    • Central Bavarian
      • Upper Austrian German
      • Viennese German
    • South Bavarian
      • Gottscheerisch
      • Landler
  • Global South Bavarian languages
    • Hutterite German [geh] (disabled)
    • Cimbrian [cim] (disabled)
      • Lusernese Cimbrian
      • Sette Comuni Cimbrian
      • Tredici Communi Cimbrian
    • Mòcheno [mhn]
      • Fierozzo
      • Frassilongo
      • Palú
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Phrygian (†) [xpg] (disabled)
    • Mysian
  • Greek languages
    • Tsakonian [tsd]
      • Northern Tsakonian
      • Propontis Tsakonian
      • Southern Tsakonian
    • Attic (or East Greek) languages
      • Mycenaean Greek (†) [gmy] (disabled)
      • Ancient Greek (†) [grc]
        • Aeolic (†)
        • Arcadocypriot (†)
        • Attic (†)
        • Doric (†)
        • Ionic (†)
        • Northwestern Ancient Greek (†)
      • Koineic Greek (or Koinè) languages
        • Medieval Greek (†) [?]
        • Modern Koineic Greek languages
          • Yevanic (†) [yej] (disabled)
          • Cypriot Greek [?]
          • Apulia-Calabrian Greek [?]
            • Apulian Greek
            • Aspromonte
          • Pontic-Cappadocian Greek languages
          • Nuclear Modern Greek languages
            • Romano-Greek (or Hellenoromani, Romano-Greek, European Romany, Romika) [rge]
            • Modern Greek [el]
              • Dimotiki (or Demotic Greek)
              • Katharevousa
              • Crimeo-Rumeic (or Tavro-Rumeic, Mariupol Greek, Mariupolitan Greek)
              • Middle Greek
              • Maniot-Cargese Greek
                • Cargesian (or Cargese Greek, Corsican Greek)
                • Maniot (or Maniate, Mani Greek)
              • Northern Greek
                • Epirote (or Southern Eipirote)
                • Macedonian Greek
                • Rumelian
                • Saracatsan
                • Thracian Greek
              • Southern Greek
                • Constantinople Greek
                • Dodecanesian (Dodecanese Greek)
                • Smyrnian (or Smyrna Greek)
                • Cretan-Cycladian
                  • Cretan
                  • Cycladian
                • Ionian-Peleponnesian-Attic
                  • Athenian (or Athens Greek)
                  • Ionian (or Ionian Islands Greek)
                  • Northern Epirote (or Northern Epirus Greek)
                  • Peleponnesian (orPeloponnese Greek)
                  • Southern Euboea
                    • Aegina
                    • Megara
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  • Sanskrit [sa]
  • Bihari languages (see below)
  • Southern Indo-Aryan languages (see below)
  • Northern Indo-Aryan (or Pahari) languages (see below)
  • Eastern Indo-Aryan (or Nagari) languages (see below)
  • Central Indo-Aryan (or Romani-Domari) languages (see below)
  • Chinali-Lahul Lohar languages
    • Chinali (or Chinal, Channali, Chana, Shipi, Dagi, Harijan) [cih]
    • Lahul Lohar (or Lohar, Garas) [lhl]
  • Northwestern Indo-Aryan languages
    • Paisaci Prakrit (or Prakrit) (†) [qpp]
    • Dardic (or Dardu) languages (see below)
    • Sindhi-Lahnda languages (see below)
  • Dhivehi-Sinhala (or Sinhalese-Maldivian) languages
Bihari languages:
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  • Bihari [bh] macrolanguage (disabled)
  • Kumhali (or Kumkale) [kra]
  • Maithili-Magahi languages (see below)
  • Tharuic languages (see below)
  • Western Magadhan languages (see below)
  • Pali [pi]
    • Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit
    • Magadhan Pali
  • Kuswaric languages
    • Bote-Majhi [bmj]
    • Darai [dry]
    • Dewas-Done Danuwar (or Western Danwhar) [dwz]
      • Dewas Rai
      • Done Danuwar
    • Kochariya-East Danuwar [dhw]
      • East Danuwar
      • Kochariya
Maithili-Magahi languages:
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  • Eastern Magahi languages
  • Maithilic languages
    • Angika [anp]
    • Maithili [mai]
      • Bantar
      • Barei
      • Barmeli
      • Dehati
      • Jolaha
      • Kawar
      • Kisan
      • Kyabrat
      • Standard Maithili
      • Southern Standard Maithili
      • Central Colloquial Maithili
      • Eastern Maithili
      • Western Maithili
      • Makrana
      • Musar (Maithili)
      • Sadri (Maithili)
      • Tati
Tharuic languages:
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  • Buksa [tkb]
  • Majhi [mjz]
  • Rana Tharu [thr]
  • Musasa (or Musahar, Rishaidep) [smm]
    • Bantar (Nepal)
  • Eastern Tharu languages
    • Chitwania Tharu [the]
    • Kathoriya Tharu [tkt]
    • Dangaura-Khuna-Sonaha languages
      • Sonha [soi]
      • Dangaura Tharu [thl] (disabled)
        • Banke
        • Bardiya
        • Dang
        • Deokhuri
        • Kailali
        • Kanchanpur
        • Surkhet
    • Kochila Tharu [thq]
      • Dhanusa
      • Mahottari
      • Morangia
      • Morangiya
      • Saptari
      • Sarlahi
      • Siraha
      • Sunsari (Nepal)
      • Udayapur
Western Magadhan languages:
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  • Sadani languages
    • Sadri [sck]
      • Common Sadri
      • Lower Sadri
    • Oraon Sadri [sdr]
      • Borail Sadri
      • Mokkan Tila Sadri
      • Nurpur Sadri
      • Uchai Sadri
  • Bhojpuric languages
    • Caribbean Hindustani [hns]
      • Sarnami Hindustani
      • Trinidad Bhojpuri
    • Bhojpuri [bho]
      • Tharu (Bhojpuri)
      • Bhojpuri Tharu
      • Bojpury
      • Domra
      • Madhesi
      • Mauritian Bhojpuri
      • Musahari
      • Teli
      • Southern Standard Bhojpuri
      • Western Standard Bhojpuri
        • Benarsi
        • Purbi
      • Northern Standard Bhojpuri
        • Basti
        • Gorakhpuri
        • Sarawaria
Southern Indo-Aryan languages:
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  • Maharastri Prakrit [pmh]
  • Konkani languages
    • Goan Konkani [gom]
      • Bardeskari
      • Chitpavani
      • Daldi
      • Gawdi of Goa
      • Kudali
      • Mangalore
      • Sarasvat Brahmin
      • Standard Konkani
    • Maharashtrian Konkani [knn]
      • Agari of Kolaba
      • Bhandari
      • Dhanagari
      • Ghati
      • Karhadi
      • Kiristav
      • Koli (Konkani)
      • Mahari (Konkani)
      • Parabhi
      • Sangamesvari
      • Thakuri
  • Marathic languages
    • Old Marathi (†) [omr]
    • Andh (or Andha, Andhi) [anr]
    • Phudagi (or Vadval) [phd]
    • Samvedi [smv]
    • Katkari (or Katakari, Katari, Katvadi, Kathodi) [kfu]
      • Central Katkari
      • Northern Katkari
      • Southern Katkari
    • Varli [vav]
      • Davari
      • Eastern Nihiri
      • Western Nihiri
    • Marathi [mr]
      • Cochin
      • Kasargod
      • Kosti (Marathi)
      • Kudali (Marathi)
      • Nagpuri Marati
    • Berar-Deccan Marathi languages
      • Deccan (or Deccan Marathi, Deccani, Dekini, Desi) [dcc]
        • Bijapuri
        • Kalvadi
      • Varhadi-Nagpuri (or Berar Marathi, Berari, Dhanagari, Kumbhari, Madhya Pradesh Marathi) [vah]
        • Brahmani
        • Govari
        • Jhadpi
        • Katia
        • Kosti
        • Kunban
        • Kunbi
        • Mahari
        • Marheti
        • Natakani
        • Raipur
Northern Indo-Aryan (or Pahari) languages:
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  • Central Pahari languages
    • Kumaoni (or Kumaon, Kamaoni, Kumauni, Cumauní, Kumaun, Kumau, Kumawani, Kumman, Kunayaoni, Kumgoni, Kumaiya Pachhai, Pashchimi, Phaldakotiya, Bhabari of Rampur, Rau-Chaubhaisi, Chaugarkhiya, Johari, Khasparjiya, Sirali, Soriyali, Askoti, Danpuriya, Gangola) [kfy]
      • Central Kumauni
      • Northeastern Kumauni
      • Southeastern Kumauni
      • Western Kumauni
    • Garhwali (or Pahari Garhwali, Bhōṭiā of Garhwal, Garhwali, Garhwal, Gashwali, Gadhavali, Gadhawala, Gadwahi, Godauli, Gorwali, Gurvali, Girwali) [gbm]
      • Badhani
      • Bangani
      • Bhattiani
      • Chandpuri
      • Dessaulya
      • Gangadi
      • Jaunpuri
      • Lohbya
      • Majh-Kumaiya
      • Nagpuriya
      • Parvati
      • Rathi
      • Ravai
      • Salani
      • Srinagaria
      • Tehri
  • Eastern Pahari languages
    • Palpa (†) [plp]
    • Dotyali [dty]
    • Jumli (or Gorkhali, Khas Kura, Parbatiya) [jml]
      • Assi
      • Chaudhabis
      • Paachsai
      • Sinja
    • Nepali [ne]
      • Acchami
      • Baitadi
      • Bajhangi
      • Bajurali
      • Darjula
      • Doteli
      • Gorkhali
      • Nuclear Nepali
      • Soradi
  • Himachali languages
    • Jaunsari (or Jaunsauri, Jansauri, Janusari) [jns]
    • Mandeali (or Pahari Mandiyali, Mandiali, Mandi) [mjl]
    • Nuclear Himachali (or Western Pahari) languages
      • Hinduri (or Handuri) [hii]
      • Indo-Aryan Kinnauri (or Harijan Kinnauri, Harijan Boli, Ores Boli, Chamang Boli, Sonar Boli) [kjo]
      • Kullu Pahari (or Pahari Kullu, Phari Kulu) [kfx]
        • Inner Siraji
        • Kullui (or Kulu Boli, Kullui, Kului, Kulvi, Kulwali, Kauli)
      • Mahasu Pahari (or Mahasui, Baghati-Siraji) [bfz]
        • Lower Mahasu Pahari
          • Baghati
          • Baghliani
          • Kiunthali
        • Upper Mahasu Pahari (or Siraji)
          • Outer Siraji
          • Rampuri
          • Rohruri
          • Shimla Siraji
          • Sodochi
      • Sirmauri (or Sirmouri, Sirmuri) [srx]
        • Dharthi
        • Giripari
    • Kangric-Chamealic-Bhattiyali languages
      • Kangri-Dogri (or Dogri-Kangri) languages
      • Chamealic languages
        • Bhattiyali (or Bhatiyali, Bhatiali Pahari, Bhateali) [bht]
        • Bilaspuri (or Bilaspuri Pahari, Kehloori Pahari, Kahluri, Kehluri, Pacchmi) [kfs]
        • Pangwali (or Pangwali Pahari, Pangvali, Pangi, Satlaj) [pgg]
        • Chambeali (or Chambiali, Chambiyali, Chamiyali Pahari, Chameali, Cameali, Chamaya, Chamya) [cdh]
          • Bansbali
          • Bansyari
          • Gadi Chameali
        • Gaddi (or Gadi, Gadiali, Gaddyali, Bharmauri, Bharmauri Bhadi, Pahari Bharmauri, Panchi Brahmauri Rajput) [gbk]
          • Bharmauri
          • Macleod Ganj
        • Bhadrawahi-Bhalesi-Curahi languages
          • Churahi (or Churahi Pahari, Churai Pahari, Chaurahi) [cdj]
          • Bhadrawahi (or Bradrawah, Bhadravahi, Bhadrava, Bhaderbhai Jamu, Bhaderwali Pahari, Baderwali, Bhadri, Badrohi, Bahi) [bhd]
            • Bhalesi
            • Padar
            • Padari
Eastern Indo-Aryan (or Nagari) languages:
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  • Halbic languages
    • Bhatri (or Bhattri, Bhattra, Bhatra, Basturia, Bhottada, Bhottara) [bgw]
    • Bhunjia (or Bunjia, Bhunjiya, Bhumjiya, Bunija) [bhu]
    • Kamar [keq]
    • Nahari (or Nahali) [nhh]
    • Halbi (or Halvi, Halvas, Halba, Halabi, Mahari, Mehari, Bastari) [hlb]
      • Adkuri
      • Bastari
      • Bhunjia (Halbi)
      • Chandari
      • Gachikolo
      • Kawari
      • Mehari
      • Muri
      • Sundi
  • Oriya-Gauda-Kamrupa languages
    • Gauda-Kamrupa (or Bengali-Assamese, Kamta) languages (see below)
    • Macro-Oriya languages
      • Bodo Parja (or Jhodia Parja, Parja, Sodia Parja, Bodo Paraja, Paroja, Poroja, Parajhi, Parjhi, Parji, Jhaliya, Jharia, Harja) [bdv]
      • Reli (or Relli) [rei]
      • Southern Oriya languages
        • Kotia-Adivasi Oriya-Desiya (or Kotiya, Kotia Oriya, Adivasi Oriya, Adiwasi Oriya, Desiya, Tribal Oriya) [ort]
        • Kupia (or Valmiki) [key]
      • Odia (or Oriya) [or] macrolanguage
        • Sambalpuri (or Kosli) [spv]
        • Proper Odia (or Proper Oriya) [ory]
          • Halbi (Nuclear Oriya)
          • Midnapore Oriya
          • Mughalbandi
          • North Balasore Oriya
          • Northwestern Oriya
          • Southern Oriya
          • Western Oriya
Gauda-Kamrupa (or Bengali-Assamese, Kamta):
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Central Indo-Aryan (or Romani-Domari) languages:
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Romani languages (or European Romany, Cigány, Zigeuner):
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Subcontinental Central Indo-Aryan languages:
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Eastern Hindi languages:
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  • Awadhi (or Avadhi, Abadi, Abohi, Ambodhi, Baiswari, Kojali, Kosali) [awa]
    • Gangapari
    • Mirzapuri
    • Pardesi
    • Tharu
    • Uttari
  • Bagheli (or Bagelkhandi, Bhugelkhud, Kewani, Kewati, Kevati, Kevat Boli, Kewat, Kewot, Kenat, Kawathi, Mandal, Mannadi, Gangai, Riwai) [bfy]
    • Banapari
    • Gahore
    • Godwani
    • Ojhi
    • Sonpari
    • Tirhari
  • Powari [pwr]
    • Bhoyar Powari
    • Govari of Seoni
    • Khalari
    • Koshti
    • Kumbhari
    • Lodhi (Indo-European)
    • Marari
    • Vyneganga Powari
  • Chhattisgarhi (or Chhatisgarhi, Khaltahi, Khatahi, Laria) [hne]
    • Baigani
    • Bhulia
    • Binjhwari
    • Chhattisgarhi Proper
    • Kalanga (Indo-European)
    • Kavardi
    • Khairagarhi
    • Sadri Korwa
    • Surgujia
Western Hindi languages:
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Bhil languages:
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  • Bauria (or Bhoria, Bawaria, Bawari, Baori, Babri, Vaghri, Basria, Badak) [bge]
  • Chodri (or Chaudri, Chodhari, Chaudhari, Choudhary, Chowdhary, Choudhara) [cdi]
  • Dhodia-Kukna (or Dhodia, Dhowari, Dhobi, Dhori, Dhore, Doria) [dho]
  • Dungra Bhil [duh]
  • Gamit (or Gamith, Gamti, Gamati, Gameti, Gamta, Gavit) [gbl]
  • Palya Bareli (or Palya, Pali Bhil, Palodi, Bareli) [bpx]
  • Rathawi (or Bal-La, Kohelia) [rtw]
  • Vaagri Booli (or Wogri Boli, Haki Piki, Hakkipikkaru, Kuruvikkaran, Karikkorava,Narikkorava, Narakureavar, Guvvalollu, Marattiyan, Rattiyan, Shikarijanam) [vaa]
  • Bhilali (or Bhilala) [bhi]
    • Parya Bhilali
  • Nimadi (or Nimari, Nimiadi, Nemadi) [noe] (disabled)
    • Bhuani
  • Garasia (or Grasia) Bhil languages
    • Adiwasi Garasia (or Adiwasi Gujarati) [gag]
    • Rajput Garasia (or Dhungri Garasia, Dungari Garasia, Dungri Grasia) [gra]
  • Mawchi (or Mawchi Bhil, Mawachi, Mavchi, Mauchi, Mowchi) [mke]
    • Gamti
    • Nuclear Mawchi
    • Padvi
  • Pardhi (or Chita Pardhi, Lango Pardhi, Phans Pardhi, Paradi, Paria, Paidia, Bahelia) [pcl]
    • Neelishikari
    • Pittala Bhasha
    • Takari (or Takankar, Takia)
  • Wagdi (or Wagadi, Vagadi, Vagdi, Waghari, Wagari, Wagri, Vagari, Vageri, Vaged, Vagi, Wagholi, Mina Bhil) [wbr] (disabled)
    • Adivasi Wagdi
    • Kherwara
    • Sagwara
  • Pauri-Nahali languages
    • Nahali-Baglani (or Nahali, Nahale, Nahal, Nihali, Kalto) [nlx]
    • Pauri Bareli (or Pauri, Pawri, Pawari, Barewali, Bareli, Barli) [bfb]
    • Rathwi Bareli (or Barel, Rathwi Bareli, Rathwi Pauri, Rathi, Rathia) [bgd]
  • Vasave-Noiri languages
    • Noiri (or Bhilori, Mathwadi) [noi]
      • Barutiya
    • Vasavi (or Vasava, Vasava Bhil, Vasave) [vas]
      • Ambodi
      • Dehvali
      • Dogri (Vasavi)
      • Khatalia
      • Kotni
  • Bhili (or Bhilboli, Bhilbari, Bhilla, Bhilodi, Bhil, Vil, Bhagoria, Lengotia) [bhb]
    • Ahiri
    • Anarya
    • Bhilodi
    • Bhim
    • Charani
    • Habura
    • Konkani (Bhili)
    • Kotali
    • Magra Ki Boli
    • Nahari (Bhili)
    • Naikdi
    • Panchali
    • Patelia
    • Ranawat
    • Rani Bhil
    • Siyalgir
  • Malvi (or Malavi, Malwi, Malwada, Mallow) [mup] (disabled)
    • Bachadi
    • Bhoyari
    • Dholewari
    • Hoshangabad
    • Jamral
    • Katiyai
    • Malvi Proper
    • Patvi
    • Rajawadi
    • Rangari (Malvi)
    • Rangri
    • Sondhwadi
    • Sondwari
    • Ujjaini
    • Umadwadi
Rajasthani languages:
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Gujaratic languages:
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  • Saurashtra [saz]
    • Northern Saurashtra
    • Southern Saurashtra
  • Dubli (or Dubla, Dubala, Rathod, Talavia) [dub]
  • Gujarati [gu]
    • Gamadia
    • Kakari
    • Kathiyawadi
    • Kharwa
    • Standard Gujarati
    • Tarimuki
  • Western Gujaratic languages
    • Vaghri (or Vaghri Koli, Bavri, Salavta) [vgr]
    • Aer [aeq]
      • Jamesabad Aer
      • Jikrio Goth Aer
    • Kachi Koli (or Kuchikoli, Kuchi, Kachi, Kachi Gujarati, Katchi, Kohli, Kolhi, Koli, Kori, Vaghri, Vagari, Vagaria, Bajania) or [gjk]
      • Kachi
      • Kachi Bhil
      • Katai Meghwar
      • Rabari
      • Vagri
      • Zalavaria Koli
    • Wadiyara Koli (or Wadaria, Wadhiara) [kxp]
      • Hasoria Bhil
      • Hasoria Koli
      • Mewasi
      • Nairya Koli
      • Nuclear Wadiyara Koli
      • Rardro Bhil
      • Tharadari Bhil
      • Tharadari Koli
Dardic (or Dardu) languages:
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  • Kohistani languages (see below)
  • Shinaic languages (see below)
  • Chitral languages
    • Kalasha (or Kalashamon, Kalash, Kalasa, Calasa) [kls]
      • Northern Kalasha
      • Southern Kalasha
    • Khowar (or Khowār, Khawar, Arniya, Arniyā, Arnyiā, Chitrali, Chitrari, Citrali, Citālī, Čitarī, Kashkari, Qashqari, Qāšqarī, Jovaro, Patu) [khw]
      • East Khowar
      • North Khowar
      • South Khowar
      • Swat Khowar
  • Kunar languages
    • Dameli (or Damēlī, Damel, Damedi, Damia, Gudoji) [dml]
    • Pech Kunar languages
      • Gawar-Bati (or Gawar-Bātī, Gowar-Bati, Gowari, Narisati, Narisātī, Narsati, Narsātī, Arandui, Satre) [gwt]
      • Shumashti (or Šumāštī, Shumasht) [sts]
      • Grangali (or Glangali, Gelangali, Jumiaki) [nli]
        • Nangalami (or Nangalāmi, Ningalami, Nigalāmi)
        • Nuclear Grangali
        • Zemiaki (or Zamyaki)
  • Kashmiri (or Kašmīrī, Kaschmiri, Kaschemiri, Kacmiri, Cashmeeree, Cashmiri, Kēšur, Keshur, Keshuri) [ks]
    • Bakawali
    • Bunjwali
    • Kishtwari
    • Miraski
    • Poguli
    • Rambani
    • Riasi
    • Shah-Mansuri
    • Siraji-Kashmiri
    • Siraji of Doda
    • Standard Kashmiri
    • Zayoli
    • Zirak-Boli
  • Pashayi (or Pašaī, Pasayí, Pashai) languages
    • Eastern Pashayi languages
      • Northeast Pashayi (or Northeastern Pašaī) [aee]
        • Aret
        • Chalas
        • Kandak
        • Kurangal
        • Kurdar
      • Southeast Pashayi (or Southeastern Pašaī) [psi]
        • Alingar
        • Darrai Nur (or Lower Darra-I Nūr)
        • Kunar (Southeast Pashayi)
        • Laghman
        • Wegal
    • Western Pashayi languages
      • Southwest Pashayi (or Southwestern Pašaī) [psh]
        • Ishpi
        • Isken
        • Tagau
      • Northwest Pashayi (or Northwestern Pašaī) [glh]
        • Alasai
        • Bolaghain
        • Gulbahar
        • Kohnadeh
        • Laurowan
        • Najil
        • Nangarach
        • Pachagan
        • Pandau
        • Parazhghan
        • Pashagar
        • Sanjan
        • Shamakot
        • Shutul (Northwest Pashayi)
        • Uzbin
        • Wadau
Shinaic languages:
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Shinaic languages:
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  • Brokskat (or Brokpa of Dah-Hanu, Brokskat, Dokskat, Hanu, Kyango) [bkk]
  • Kundal Shahi [shd]
  • Shina (or Shinaki, Sina, Brokpa) [scl]
    • Astori (or Astōrī)
      • Astor
      • Dras
      • Gurezi
      • Kharmangi
      • Satpara
    • Chilasi Kohistani
      • Chilas
      • Darel
      • Harban
      • Sazin
      • Tangir
    • Gilgiti (or Gilgitī)
      • Bagrote
      • Bunji
      • Gilgit
      • Haramosh
      • Hunza-Nagar
      • Punial
      • Rondu
  • Kohistanic Shina languages
    • Ushojo (or Ushuji) [ush]
    • Kohistani Shina (or Palasi-Kohistani, Kohistani, Kohistyo) [plk]
      • Jalkoti
      • Kolai
      • Palasi
  • Western Shinaic languages
    • Savi (or Sawi, Sauji, Sau) [sdg]
    • Dangari languages
      • Kalkoti [xka]
      • Phalura (or Phalulo, Palula, Palūla, Palola, Dangarik, Dangarīk, Biyori) [phl]
        • Ashreti
        • Northern Phalura
Sindhi-Lahnda languages:
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  • Northern Nuristani languages
    • Prasuni (or Prasun, Pārūnī, Paruni, Parun, Vasi vari, Vasi-Vari, Vâsi-Vari, Wasi-Veri, Wasi-Wari, Wasi-Weri, Veron, Verou, Veruni) [prn]
      • Central Prasun
      • Lower Prasun
      • Upper Wasi-Weri
    • Kati-Kamviri languages
      • Kati (or Bashgali, Bašgalī, Kativiri, Nuristani) [bsh]
        • Eastern Kativiri
        • Mumviri
        • Western Kativiri
      • Kamviri (or Kamdeshi, Kamik, Lamertiviri, Shekhani) [bsh]
        • Nuclear Kamviri
        • Shekhani
  • Southern Nuristani languages
    • Ashkun (or Ashkuni, Ashkund, Askun, Wamai, Wamayi) [ask]
      • Ashuruveri
      • Gramsukraviri
      • Suruviri
    • Waigali-Tregami languages
      • Tregami (or Tregāmī, Trigami, Gambiri, Gambīrī) [trm]
      • Waigali (or Waigalī, Waigeli, Waygalī, Wai-alā, Kalasa-alā, Kalasha-ala) [wbk]
        • Chima-Nishey
        • Varjan
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  • Avestan (or Avesta, Pazend, Zend) (disabled)
  • Northern Iranian languages (see below)
  • Ormuri-Parachi languages
    • Ormuri (or Ormurí, Ormur, Ormui, Oormuri, Urmuri, Baraki, Baraks, Bargista) [oru]
      • Kanigurami Ormuri (or Kanigurami)
      • Logar Ormuri (or Logari)
    • Parachi (or Parachí) [prc]
      • Ghujulan Parachi
      • Nijrau Parachi
      • Shutul Parachi
  • Pashto languages (see below)
  • Saka (or Sakan, Sakian) languages
    • Khotanese (or Khotanese-Sakan) [kho]
    • Tumshuqese (or Tumshuqese Sakan) (†) [xtg]
  • Sanglechi-Ishkashimi languages
    • Sanglechi [sgy]
    • Ishkashimi (or Ishkashmi, Ishkashim, Eshkashimi, Eškāšmī) [isk]
      • Nuclear Ishkashimi
      • Zebak
  • Shughni-Yazgulami languages (see below)
  • Southwestern Iranian languages (see below)
  • Yidgha-Munja languages
  • Wakhi (or Wakhigi, Vakí, Wakhani, Vakhan, Khik, Guhjali) [wbl] (disabled)
    • Central Wakhi
    • Eastern Wakhi
    • Gojal
    • Ishkoman
    • Western Wakhi
    • Yarkhun
    • Yasin (Wakhi)
Northern Iranian (or Central Iranian PBS) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Central Iranian PB languages
    • Bactrian (†) [xbc]
    • Northwestern Iranian languages (see below)
  • Northeastern Iranian (or Sogdic-Ossetic) languages
    • Sogdic languages
      • Khwarezmian (†) [xco]
      • Sogdian-Yagnobi languages
        • Sogdian (†) [sog]
        • Yagnobi [yai]
          • Eastern Yagnobi
          • Western Yagnobi
    • Ossetic languages
      • Old Ossetic (†) [oos]
      • Modern Ossetic (or Ossetian) [os] macrolanguage
        • Digor Ossetian (or Digorian, or Northwestern Ossetian) [?]
          • Chikola-Lesken
          • Digora
          • Jassic
          • Ursdon-Sindziqaw
          • Wallagkom
        • Iron Ossetian (or Central Ossetian) [?]
          • Allagir
          • Kudar
          • Kurtat
          • Tagaur
          • Tual (or Southern Ossetian)
Northwestern Iranian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Parthian (†) [xpr]
  • Adharic languages (see below)
  • Balochic (or Baluchi) languages (see below)
  • Caspian (or Irano-Caspian) languages (see below)
  • Central Iran Kermanic languages (see below)
  • Laki-Kurdish languages (see below)
  • Semnani-Biyabuneki languages [smy]
    • Biyabuneki
    • Semnan
  • Komisenian languages
    • Lasgerdi [lsa]
    • Sangisari [sgr]
    • Sorkhei [sqo]
Adharic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Tatic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Alamuti (or Gozarkhani) [goz]
  • Northern Tatic languages
    • Harzani-Kilit [hrz]
      • Harzani
      • Kilit
    • Karingani-Kalasuri-Khoynarudi [kgn]
      • Kalāsuri-Khoynarudi
      • Keringāni
  • Southern Tatic languages
    • Alviri-Vidari [avd]
      • Alvir
      • Vidar
    • Vafsic languages
      • Vafsi [vaf]
      • Ashtiani [atn]
        • Amorei
        • Kahaki
        • Nuclear Ashtiani
        • Tafresh
    • Ramand-Karaj languages
      • Eshtehardi [esh]
      • Razajerdi [rat]
      • Takestani [tks]
        • Khalkhal
        • Kharaqan
        • Ramand
        • Tarom
        • Zanjan
  • Central Tatic languages
    • Kho’ini [xkc]
    • Maraghei [vmh]
      • Dikini
    • Taromic languages
      • Upper Taromi [tov]
      • Kabatei [xkp]
        • Kabate
        • Kalas
    • North-Central Talysh [tly]
      • Central Talyshi
        • Asalemi
        • Hashtpari
      • Northern Talyshi
        • Astara
        • Lenkoran
        • Lerik
    • Khalkhalic languages
      • Kajali [xkj]
      • Karanic [okh]
        • Diz
        • Gandomabi
        • Hezarrudi
        • Karani (or Khoresh-e Rostam)
        • Karnaq
        • Kelasi
        • Lerd
        • Nowkiani
      • Shahrudi-Southern Talysh [shm]
        • Shali-Kolur
        • Shandermani
        • Southern Talyshi
          • Massali
          • Masulei
Balochic (or Baluchi) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Caspian (or Irano-Caspian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Gurgani
  • Gilaki-Rudbari languages
  • Mazanderani-Shahmirzadi languages
Central Iran Kermanic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Sivandi [siy]
  • Kavir [?]
    • Farvi
    • Garme’i
    • Khuri
    • Mihrijan
  • Nuclear Central Iran Kermanic languages
    • Judeo-Hamadani-Borujerdi [?]
      • Judeo-Borujerdi
      • Judeo-Hamadani
    • Gazic [gzi]
      • Ardestani
      • Gazi
      • Jarquya’i
      • Judeo-Isfahani
      • Kafrudi
      • Kuhpa’i
      • Nohuji
      • Rudashti
      • Sedehi
      • Zefra’i
    • Khunsaric (or Khunsari, Kuk) [kfm]
      • Judeo-Khomeini
      • Judeo-Khunsari
      • Khunsari
      • Mahallati
      • Vaneshani
    • Kashanic languages
      • Natanzic [ntz]
        • Abyane’i
        • Badi (Median)
        • Badrudi
        • Bidhandi
        • Farizandi
        • Hanjani
        • Natanzi (or Natanzí)
        • Yarandi
      • Soic [soj]
        • Abuzaydabadi
        • Arani-Bidgoli
        • Delijani
        • Jowshaqani
        • Judeo-Kashani
        • Kamu’i
        • Kesha’i
        • Meyma’i
        • Nashalji
        • Qohrudi
        • Soi (or So’i, Soh, Sohi)
        • Tari (Median)
        • Tarqi
  • Yazdi-Kermani-Nayini languages
    • Nayini (or Nayinic) [nyq]
      • Abchuya’i
      • Anarak
      • Keyjani
      • Nayini
      • Tudeshki
    • Zoroastrian Dari [gbz]
      • Gabri (Iranian)
      • Parsi (Zoroastrian)
      • Zoroastrian Dari
      • Judeo-Yazdi-Kermani
        • Judeo-Kermani
        • Judeo-Yazdi
Laki-Kurdish languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Laki [lki]
    • Pish-e Kuh Laki
    • Posht-e Kuh Laki
  • Kurdish [ku] macrolanguage
    • Sorani (or Central Kurdish) [ckb]
      • Bingird
      • Garmiyani
      • Hewleri
      • Kerkuki
      • Mukri
      • Pijdari
      • Pizhdar
      • Rewandiz
      • Sanandaji
      • Southern Jafi
      • Suleimani
      • Warmawa
    • Kurmanji (or Northern Kurdish) [kmr]
      • Akre
      • Amadiye
      • Ashiti
      • Barwari Jor
      • Bayezidi
      • Boti
      • Gulli
      • Hekari
      • Khorasani Kurmanji
      • Marashi (Northern Kurdish)
      • Mhallami
      • Sheikhan
      • Shemdinani
      • Surchi
      • Zakho
    • Pehlewani (or Southern Kurdish) [sdh]
      • Bayray
      • Feyli
      • Garrusi
      • Kalhori
      • Kermanshahi
      • Kolyai
      • Kordali
      • Malekshahi
      • Maleksh ahi
      • Sanjabi
Pashto languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Shughni-Yazgulami languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Shughnic languages
    • Old Wanji
    • Sarikoli
    • Shughni
      • Bartangi-Roshorvi Shughni
        • Bartangi Shughni
        • Oroshor Shughni
      • Roshani-Khufi Shughni
        • Khufi Shughni
        • Rushani Shughni
      • Shughni-Shahdara-Bajui
        • Bajui Shughni
        • Barwozi Shughni
        • Ghund Valley Shughni
        • Shughni-Shahdara
          • Nuclear Shughni
          • Shahdara
  • Yazgulyam
    • Lower Yazgulyam
    • Upper Yazgulyam
Southwestern-Iranian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.) (†) [peo]
  • Middle-Modern Persian languages
    • Pahlavi (or Middle Persian) (†) [pal]
    • Modern Southwestern Iranian languages
      • Kumzari (or Kumzāri, Komzāri, Komzari, Kamzáree) [zum]
      • Fars Dialects (or Southwestern Fars) [fay]
        • Ardakani
        • Buringuni
        • Davani
        • Judeo-Shirazi
        • Kalati
        • Kondazi
        • Masarmi
        • Papuni
        • Somghuni
        • Xullari
      • Bashkardi (or Baskardí, Bashaka) [bsg]
        • Southern Bashaka
          • Garahven
          • Gwafr
          • Parmont'
          • Pirou
          • Shahbavek
        • Northern Bashaka
          • North Bashkardi
          • Garmsiri
            • Halilrudi
              • Jirofti
              • Kahnuji
              • Rudbāri (Halilrud)
            • Minabic
              • Bandar Abbas
              • Manujani
              • Minabi
              • Rudani
      • Farsic-Caucasian Tat languages
      • Larestani (or Lari, Achomi, Fars) [lrl]
        • Bastak
        • Bikha
        • Evaz
        • Gerash
        • Khonj
        • Nuclear Lari
      • Luric-Dezfulic languages
        • Luric languages (see below)
        • Dezfuli-Shushtari [def]
          • Dezfuli (or Dezhfili, Dizfuli)
          • Shushtari
Caucasian Tat languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Farsic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Judeo-Persian
  • Persian (or Farsi) macrolanguage
    • Western Farsi (or Iranian Persian)
      • Araki (Iran)
      • Bandari
      • Basseri
      • Esfahani
      • Kashani
      • Kermani
      • Ketabi
      • Mahalhamadani
      • Mashadi
      • Old Shirazi
      • Qazvini
      • Sedehi
      • Shahrudi Kazeruni
      • Shirazi
      • Shirazjahromi
      • Tehrani
      • Yazdi
    • Eastern Farsic languages
      • Dari (or Afghan Persian)
        • Nuclear Dari
        • Parsiwan
      • Dehwari
      • Hazaragi
      • Pahlavani (disabled)
      • Aimaq
        • Chinghizi
        • Firozkohi
        • Jamshidi
        • Maliki
        • Mizmast
        • Taimani
        • Taimuri
        • Teimuri
        • Zainal
        • Zohri
      • Tajikic languages
Luric languages:
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<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Sabellic languages (†)
    • Old Sabellic (†) [qhr]
      • Sabine (†)
      • South Picene (†)
    • Oscan-Umbrian languages (†)
      • Oscan (†) [osc]
        • Hernican (†)
        • Marrucinian (†)
        • Nuclear Oscan (†)
        • Paelignian (†)
        • Vestinian (†)
      • Umbrian (†) [xum]
        • Aequian
        • Marsian
        • Nuclear Umbrian
        • Volscian
  • Latino-Faliscan languages
    • Faliscan (†) [xfa]
    • Latinic languages
      • Old Latin (or Archaic Latin, Early Latin) (†) [qbb]
      • Imperial Latin languages
        • Latin (†) [la]
          • Late Latin (†)
          • Medieval Latin (†)
          • Vulgar Latin (†)
        • Romance languages
          • Eastern Romance languages (see below)
          • Southern Romance languages (see below)
          • Italo-Western Romance languages
            • Italo-Dalmatian languages (see below)
            • Western Romance languages
              • Unshifted Western Romance languages
              • Shifted Western Romance languages
                • Southwestern Shifted Romance languages
                • Northwestern Shifted Romance languages
Eastern Romance languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Castelmezzano (or Castelmessano) [?]
  • Balkan Romance languages
Southern Romance languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • South Lucanian [?]
  • Sardo-Corsican languages
    • Corsic languages
      • Corsican [co]
        • Northern Corsican
        • Sartenais
        • Venaco
        • Vico-Ajaccio
      • Gallurese Sardinian [sdn]
    • Sardinian [sc] macrolanguage
      • Logudorese Sardinian [src] (disabled)
        • Barbaricino
        • Northern Logudorese
        • Nuorese
        • Southwestern Logudorese
      • Campidanese Sardinian [sro] (disabled)
        • Arborense
        • Central Campidanese
        • Meridionale
        • Ogliastrino
        • Sarrabense
        • Sub-Barbaricino
        • Sulcitano
        • Western Campidenese
Italo-Dalmatian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
West Ibero-Romance (West Iberian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Portuguese-Galician Romance languages (see below)
  • Asturo-Leonese languages
  • Castilic languages
    • Old Spanish (†) [osp]
    • Extremaduran [ext]
      • Central Extremaduran
      • Northern Extremaduran
      • Southern Extremaduran
    • Spanish [es]
      • Castilian
      • Modern Castilian of Aragon
      • Andalusian
      • Murcian
      • Navarrese
      • Canarian Spanish
      • American Spanish
      • Louisiana Spanish
    • South Castilic languages
      • Loreto-Ucayali Spanish (or Jungle Spanish) [spq]
      • Palenquero (or Palenque Creole, Lengua) [pln]
      • Ternate-Zamboanga-Cavite languages
        • Chacovano (creole, see below)
        • Ternateño (or Ternatenyo) (†) [tmg]
      • Ladino (or Judeo-Spanish, Sefardi, Sephardic) [lad]
        • Haquetiya (or Haketiya, Haketia, Hakitia)
        • Judezmo (or Judyo, Jidyo)
        • Nuclear Ladino
Portuguese-Galician Romance languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Minderico (or Minde, Piação do Ninhou) [drc]
  • Galician (or Gallegan, Gallego, Galego, Northern Portuguese) [gl]
  • Fala [fax]
    • Lagarteiru
    • Mañegu
    • Valvideiru
  • Macro-Portuguese languages
    • Indo-Portuguesic languages
      • Malabar-Sri Lanka Portuguese [?]
      • Northern Indo-Portuguesic languages
        • Daman-Diu Portuguese [idb]
        • Korlai Portuguese (or Korlai Creole Portuguese) [vkp]
    • Lower Guinea Portuguese languages
      • Angolar (or Ngola, or Angolan Creole Portuguese) [aoa]
      • Annobonese (or Annobonense, Annobonés, Fa D’ambu, Guinea Creole Portuguese) [fab]
      • Saotomense-Principense languages
        • Principense (or Moncó, Lun’gwiye, or Principe Creole Portuguese) [pre]
        • Sãotomense (or São Tomense, São Tomé Creole Portuguese) [cri]
    • Brazil-Portugal Portuguesic languages
      • Cafundo (or Cafundo Creole Portuguese) [ccd]
      • Portuguese [pt]
        • Old Portuguese (†)
        • Galician Portuguese
        • Brazilian Portuguese [pt-BR]
        • Beira
        • Estremenho
        • Madeira-Azores Portuguese
    • Upper Guinea Portuguese languages
    • Luso-Asian Creole languages
      • Macanese (or Macaense, Macanés, Macao Creole Portuguese, Patua) [mzs]
      • Timor Pidgin (†) [tvy]
        • Macaísta
        • Português de Bidau
      • Malacca-Batavia Portuguese Creole (or Bahasa Geragau, Bahasa Serani, Serani, Malayo-Portuguese, Malaysian Creole Portuguese, Portuguese Patois) [mcm]
        • Batavia Creole
        • Malacca Creole (or Malaccan, Malaccan Creole Portuguese, Malaca Portuguese, Malaqueiro, Malaquenho, Malaquense, Malaquês, Moluccas Pidgin)
        • Papiá Kristang (or Kristang)
East Iberian (or Occitanian) languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Provençal (or Old Occitanian) (†) [pro]
  • Gardiol (or Valdesi del Piemonte Occitanian) [?]
  • Catalan [ca]
    • Old Catalan
    • Western Catalan (or Català Occidental)
      • North-Western Catalan (or Català Nord-Occidental)
        • Pallarès
        • Ribagorçà
        • Tortosì
      • Valencian (or Valencià)
        • Valencià Apitxat
        • Valencià Meridional
        • Valencià Septentrional
    • Eastern Catalan (or Català Oriental)
      • Algherese
      • Rossellonès
      • Balearic
        • Eivissan-Formenteran (or Eivissenc-Formenterer)
        • Mallorcan (or Mallorquí)
        • Minorcan (or Menorquí)
      • Central Catalan
        • Barcelonian (or Barceloní)
        • Northern-Central Transitional Catalan (or Català Central Septentrional de Transició)
        • Salat (Català)
        • Sarragossan (or Tarragoní)
        • Xipella
  • Occitan [oc]
    • Gascon
      • Aranese
        • Baish Aranés (or Lower Aranese)
        • Mijaranés Aranés (or Middle Aranese)
        • Naut Aranés (or upper Aranese)
      • Nuclear Gascon
        • Ariégeois
        • Béarnais (or Bearnese)
        • Landais (or Landese)
    • Northern Occitan
      • Vivaro-Alpine Occitan
      • Auvergnat Occitan
        • Bas-Auvergnat
        • Haut-Auvergnat
      • Limousin Occitan
        • Bas-Limousin
        • Haut-Limousin
    • Southern Occitan
      • Languedocian Occitan
        • Bas-Languedocien
        • Guyennais
        • Haut-Languedocien
        • Languedocien Moyen
      • Provençal Occitan (Provençal)
        • Dauphinois
        • Gavot
        • Maritime Provençal
        • Niçard
        • Rhodanien
        • Transalpin
Gallo-Rhaetian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Oilic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old French (842-ca. 1400) (†) [fro] (disabled)
  • Walloon (or Wallon, Valón) [wa]
    • Central Walloon
    • Eastern Walloon
    • Southern Walloon
    • Western Walloon
  • Francoprovençalic languages
    • Faeto and Celle San Vito Francoprovencal [?]
      • Celle San Vito
      • Faeto
    • Franco-Provençal (Arpitan) [frp]
      • Lyonnais
      • Dauphinois Arpitan
      • Savoyard
      • Franche-Comtois (or Fribourgois, Jurassien)
      • Valaisan (or Valaisien)
      • Vaudois
      • Neuchatelais (or Neuchâtelais, Neuch-Telois)
      • Valle d’Aosta (or Valdostano, Valdotain, Patoé Valdoten)
  • Central Oilic languages
    • Macro-French languages (see below)
    • Cajun French [frc]
      • Big Woods French (or Big Woods Cajun)
      • Marsh French (or Marsh Cajun)
      • Prairie French (or Prairie Cajun)
    • Picard [pcd]
      • Amienois
      • Artois
      • Belgian Picard
      • Boulonnais
      • Calaisis
      • Cambresis
      • Hainaut
      • Lillois (Ch’timi)
      • Ponthieu
      • Santerre
      • Vermandois
      • Vimeu
Macro-French languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
Gallo-Italian languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>

Iroquoian languages

<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Cherokee [chr]
    • Elati
    • Kituhwa
    • Otali
    • Overhill-Middle Cherokee
  • Northern Iroquoian languages (see below)
Northern Iroquoian languages
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Cayuga [cay]
  • Laurentian (†) [lre]
  • Onondaga [ono]
  • Seneca (or Taroko, Tsonnontouan) [see]
  • Susquehannock (†) [sqn]
  • Huron-Wyandot [wya]
    • Cord Huron
    • Lorette Huron
    • Northern Bear Huron
    • Rock Huron
    • Southern Bear Huron
    • Petun-Wyandot
      • Petun
      • Wyandot
  • Mohawk-Oneida languages
    • Mohawk (or Mohaqués, Kanien’kehaka) [moh]
    • Oneida [one]
  • Tuscarora-Nottoway languages
    • Nottoway (†) [ntw]
    • Tuscarora [tus]

Japonic languages

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<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Old Japanese (†) [ojp] (disabled)
    • Early Middle Japanese (or Late Old Japanese)
    • Late Middle Japanese
  • Japan-Taiwan Japanese (or Modern Japanesic) languages
    • Yilan Creole Japanese [?]
    • Modern Japanese (see below)
Modern Japanese [ja]:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Kyūshū
    • Hōnichi
      • Kitakyūshū-ben
      • Miyazaki-ben
      • Ōita-ben
    • Satsugū
      • Morogata
      • Osumi-ben
      • Satsuma-ben
    • Hichiku
      • Chikugo-ben
      • Chikuho-ben
      • Hakata-ben
      • Hita-ben
      • Kumamoto-ben
      • Saga-ben
      • Tsushima-ben
      • Nagasaki-ben
        • Hirado-ben
        • Sasebo-ben
  • Western Japanese
    • Umpaku
      • Izumo-ben
      • Yonago-ben
    • Shikoku
      • Hata-ben
      • Iyo-ben
      • Kagawa-ben
      • Tokushima-ben
    • Hokuriku
      • Fukui
      • Kanazawa
      • Noto
      • Sado
      • Toyama
    • Chūgoku
      • Fukuyama
      • Hiroshima
      • Iwami
      • Okayama
      • Tajima
      • Tango
      • Tottori
      • Yamaguchi
    • Kinki
      • Banshū
      • Kobe
      • Maizuru
      • Oku-yoshino
      • Shiga
      • Wakasa
      • Wakayama
      • Kyoto
        • Gion
        • Gosho
        • Muromachi
      • Mie
        • Iga
        • Ise
        • Shima
      • Ōsaka
        • Kawachi
        • Semba
        • Senshū
  • Eastern Japanese
    • Hokkaidō
    • Kantō
      • Eastern Kantō
        • Chiba
        • Ibaraki
        • Tochigi
      • Western Kantō
        • Bōshū
        • Chichibu
        • Gunma
        • Kanagawa
        • Tama
        • Tōkyō
          • Hyōjungo
          • Shitamachi
    • Tōhoku
      • Northern Tōhoku
        • Akita
        • Morioka
        • Nambu
        • Shimokita
        • Shōnai
        • Tsugaru
      • Southern Tōhoku
        • Aizu
        • Fukushima
        • Kesen
        • Mogami
        • Sendai
        • Yamagata
        • Yonezawa
    • Tōkai-Tōsan
      • Echigo
        • Jōetsu
        • Nagaoka
        • Niigata
        • Uonuma
      • Gifu-Aichi
        • Hida
        • Mino
        • Mikawa
          • Eastern Mikawa
          • Western Mikawa
        • Owari
          • Chita
          • Nagoya
      • Nagano-Yamanashi-Shizuoka
        • Enshū
        • Izu
        • Shizuoka
        • Yamanashi
        • Nagano
          • Chūshin
          • Hokushin
          • Nanshin
          • Okushin
          • Tōshin

Kartvelian languages

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  • Svan [sva] (disabled)
  • Georgian-Zan (or Karto-Zan) languages
Georgic languages:
<templatestyles src="Template:Columns/styles.css"/>
  • Judeo-Georgian [jge] (disabled)
  • Old Georgian (†) [oge] (disabled)
    • Early Old Georgian (5th to 8th centuries)
      • Khanmet’i (5th and 6th centuries)
      • Haemet’i' (7th and 8th centuries)
    • Classical Old Georgian (9th to 11th centuries)
  • Georgian [ka]
    • Middle Georgian (11th to 17th centuries, and modern liturgic)
    • Adzhar
    • Fereydan
    • Gurian
    • Imeretian
    • Imerxev
    • Imerxev Kartlian
    • Ingilo
    • Kaxetian
    • Meskhur-Javakhuri
    • Moxev
    • Mtiul
    • Pshav
    • Racha-Lexchxum
    • Tush
    • Xevsur
Zan languages:
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Macro-Jê (or Macro-Gê) languages

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  • Ofayé [opy] (disabled)
  • Rikbaktsa [rkb] (disabled)
  • Jê (or Gê) languages (see below)
  • Karajá [kpj] (disabled)
    • Javaé
  • Aimore languages
    • Gueren (†) [?]
    • Krenak [kqq] (disabled)
  • Jabuti languages
    • Arikapú [ark] (disabled)
    • Djeoromitxí [jbt] (disabled)
  • Maxakalian languages (†)
    • Malali (†) [?]
    • Koropó (†) [xxr] (disabled)
    • Pataxó Hã-Ha-Hãe (†) [pth] (disabled)
    • Western Maxakali languages (†)
      • Capoxo (†) [?]
      • Macuni (†) [?]
      • Maxakalí (†) [?]
Jê (or Gê) languages:
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  • Geico (†) [?]
  • Jê Meridional (or Southern Gê) languages (see below)
  • Jê Setentrional (or Northern Gê) languages (see below)
  • Jê Central (or Central Gê) languages
    • Acroá (†) [acs] (disabled)
    • Xakriabá (†) [xkr] (disabled)
    • Xavánte [xav] (disabled)
    • Xerénte [xer] (disabled)
Jê Meridional (or Southern Gê) languages:
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  • Ingain-Kimda languages (†)
    • Ingain (†) [?]
    • Kimda (†) [?]
  • Kaingang-Xokleng languages
    • Xokleng [xok] (disabled)
    • Kaingangic languages
      • São Paulo Kaingáng (†) [zkp] (disabled)
      • Kaingang [kgp]
        • Central Kaingang
        • Paraná Kaingang
        • Southeast Kaingang
        • Southwest Kaingang
Jê Setentrional (or Northern Gê) languages:
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  • Panará [kre] (disabled)
  • Core Northern Jê (or Core Northern Gê) languages
    • Apinayé [apn] (disabled)
    • Suyá [suy] (disabled)
      • Beiço de Pau
      • Yaruma
    • Kayapó [txu] (disabled)
      • Kararaó
      • Kayapó-Kradaú
      • Xikrin
    • Eastern Timbira languages
      • Northeastern Timbira [xre] (disabled)
      • Southeastern Timbira languages
        • Canela-Krahô [ram] (disabled)
          • Apanjekra
          • Krahô
          • Ramkokamekra
        • Pará Gavião [gvp] (disabled)
          • Krikati-Timbira
          • Krinkati
          • Timbira

Mayan languages

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  • Huastecan Mayan languages
    • Chicomuceltec [cob] (disabled)
    • Huastec [hus] (disabled)
  • Core Mayan languages
    • Quichean-Mamean languages (see below)
    • Western Mayan languages (see below)
    • Yucatecan languages
      • Mopan-Itza languages
        • Itzá [itz] (disabled)
        • Mopán Maya [mop] (disabled)
      • Yucatec-Lacandon languages
Quichean-Mamean languages:
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  • Greater Mamean languages
    • Ixilan languages
      • Aguacateco [agu] (disabled)
      • Ixil [ixl] (disabled)
    • Mamean languages
      • Mam [mam] (disabled)
      • Tektiteko [ttc] (disabled)
  • Greater Quichean languages
    • Kekchí [kek] (disabled)
    • Uspanteco [usp] (disabled)
    • Poqom languages
      • Poqomam [pog] (disabled)
      • Poqomchi’ [poh] (disabled)
    • Core Quichean languages
      • Sacapulteco [quv] (disabled)
      • Sipacapense [qum] (disabled)
      • Cakchiquel-Tzutujil languages
      • Quiche-Achi languages
        • Achi [acr] (disabled)
        • K’iche’ [quc] (disabled)
Western Mayan languages:
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  • Kanjobalan-Chujean languages
    • Chujean languages
      • Chuj [cac] (disabled)
      • Tojolabal [toj] (disabled)
    • Kanjobalan languages
      • Mocho [mhc] (disabled)
        • Motozintleco
        • Tuzanteco
      • Kanjobal-Jacaltec languages
        • Akateko [knj] (disabled)
        • Popti’ [jac] (disabled)
        • Q’anjob’al [kjb] (disabled)
  • Cholan-Tzeltalan languages
    • Tzeltalan languages
      • Tzotzil [tzo] (disabled)
      • Tzeltal [tzh] (disabled)
        • Chanal Cancuc
        • Tenango
    • Cholan languages
      • Epigraphic Mayan [emy] (disabled)
      • Chorti-Cholti languages
        • Cholti [?]
        • Chortí [caa] (disabled)
      • Chol-Chontal languages
        • Chol [ctu] (disabled)
        • Tabasco Chontal [chf] (disabled)
          • Buena Vista Chontal
          • Miramar Chontal
          • Tamulté de las Sábanas Chontal

Misumalpan languages

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  • Miskito (or Mískito, Miskitu, Mískitu, Misquito, Mísquito, Mosco, Mosquito, Marquito) [miq]
    • Baymuna
    • Cabo
    • Honduran Mískito
    • Tawira
    • Wanki
  • Sumalpan languages
    • Matagalpan languages (†)
      • Cacaopera (or Kakaopera) (†) [ccr] (disabled)
      • Matagalpa (or Pantasma, Pantasmas) (†) [mtn] (disabled)
    • Sumuic (or Sumo) languages
      • Mayangna (or Sumo-Mayangna, Sumu) [yan] (disabled)
        • Panamahka
        • Twahka-Bawihka
      • Ulwa (or Ulua, Ulúa, Woolwa) [ulw] (disabled)
        • Kukra
        • Nuclear Ulwa

Muskogean languages

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Niger-Congo languages (?)

Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Niger-Congo family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
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  • Volta-Congo languages (see below)
  • Atlantic languages (?) (deprecated)
    • Senegambian (or North-Central Atlantic) languages (see below)
    • Mel languages (see below)
    • Mansoanka (or Mansoanca, Maswanka, Sua, Kunant, Kunante) [msw] (disabled)
    • Gola (or Gula) [gol] (disabled)
      • De
      • Deng
      • Kongba
      • Kongbaa
      • Kpo
      • Managobla
      • Senje
      • Tee (Gola)
      • Toldil
    • Limba (or Yimba, Yumba) languages
      • East Limba [lma] (disabled)
        • Northern Limba
        • Southern Limba
      • West-Central Limba [lia] (disabled)
        • Central Limba
        • Western Limba
Senegambian (or North-Central Atlantic) languages:
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  • Fula-Serer languages (see below)
  • Jaad (or Padjade, Pajade, Pajadinka) languages
    • Biafada (or Biafar, Fada, Beafada, Bedfola, Dfola, Bidyola) [bif] (disabled)
    • Jaad-Badyara (or Badyara, Badjara, Badiara, Badara, Badian, Badyaranke, Badiaranké, Bigola, Gola) [pbp] (disabled)
  • Naluic (or Baga, Barka) languages
    • Mbulungish (or Baga Foré, Longich, Bulunits, Baga Monson, Monchon, Monsho, Black Baga) [mbv] (disabled)
    • Nalu (or Nalou) [naj] (disabled)
    • Pukur (or Baga Mboteni-Binari, Kalum, Temne) [bcg] (disabled)
      • Baga Binari
      • Baga Mboteni (or Mborin) [bgm] (duplicate of [bcg])
  • Central Atlantic (or Bak) languages
    • Bak (proper) languages (see below)
    • Bijogo (or Bibjogo, Bijogo, Bijougot, Bijago, Bijuga, Budjago, Bugago) languages
      • Kamona Bijogo [?]
      • Kangaki-Kagbaaga-Kajoko Bidyogo [bjg] (disabled)
        • Anhaqui
        • Kagbaaga
        • Kajoko
        • Kamona
  • Tenda languages
    • Wamey (or Wamei, Wamay, Konyagi, Koniagi, Koniagui, Coniagui, Cogniagui, Conhague, Tenda) [cou] (disabled)
    • Bassari-Bedik-Bapen languages
      • Bassari-Tanda (or Bassari, Basari, Tenda Basari, Biyan, Onian, Onëyan, Ayan, Wo) [bsc] (disabled)
        • Ane
        • Boin
        • Ked
        • Oxalac
      • Bedik-Bapen languages
        • Bapen [?]
        • Bedik (or Budik, Ménik, Bandemba Basari, Bande, Tandanke, Tendanke) [tnr] (disabled)
          • Banapas
          • Biwol
          • Nyolo
  • Cangin languages
  • Wolof-BKK (or Wolof-Bainounk-Kasanga-Kobiana, Wolof-Nyun) languages
    • Wolofic languages
      • Lebu Wolof (or Dakar Wolof) [?]
      • Gambian Wolof [wof] (disabled)
      • Wolof [wo]
    • Nyun (or Ñuñ) languages
      • Buy languages
        • Kasanga (or Kassanga, Cassanga, Haal, I-Hadja) [ccj] (disabled)
        • Kobiana (or Cobiana, Uboi, Buy) [kcj] (disabled)
      • Bainounk (or Bainouk, Bainuk, Bagnoun, Banhum, Banyuk, Banyung, Banyum, Banyun, Elomay, Elunay) languages
        • Gubeeher-Gufangor-Gubelor (or Gubëeher) [?]
        • Northeast (or Kamanka, Kansambu, Diouroul, Velingara, Samakoung) Bainounk [?]
        • Bainounk-Gujaher (or Bainouk-Gunyuño) [bab] (disabled)
        • Bainouk-Gunyaamolo-Gutobor (or Bainouk-Gunyaamolo) [bcz] (disabled)
          • Gujaaxet (or Gutobor)
          • Gunyamoolo
Bak (proper) languages:
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  • Balanta (or Balanda, Balant, Balante, Ballante, Belante, Bulanda, Alante, Brassa, Fraase, Frase) languages
    • Balanta-Ganja [bjt] (disabled)
      • Fganja
      • Fjaalib (or Fjaa)
    • Balanta-Kentohe [ble] (disabled)
      • Fora
      • Kantohe
      • Mane
      • Naga (Balanta)
  • Joola-Manjaku languages
    • Manjaku-Mankanya-Papel languages
      • Mankanya (or Mankanha, Mancanha, Mancaña, Mancagne, Mancang, Bola) [knf] (disabled)
        • Burama
        • Shadal
      • Cur-Bok-Cotier languages
        • Papel (or Pepel, Papei, Moium, Oium) [pbo] (disabled)
        • Mandjak (or Manjack, Mandjaque, Mandyak, Manjiak, Majak, Manjaca, Manjaku, Manjaco, Manyako, Mendyako, Ndjak, Ndyak, Kanyop, Kenyop, Sarar, Schadal) [mfv] (disabled)
          • Bok
          • Cur
          • Likes-Utsia
          • Lund
          • Sarar
          • Teixeira Pinto
          • Tsaamo
          • Yu
    • Jola (or Jóola, Diola, Dyola, Yola) languages
      • Jola-Fonyi (or Jola-Fogny, Jola-Fonyi, Diola-Fogny, Kujamataak, Kújoolaak Kati Fooñi) [dyo] (disabled)
        • Buluf
        • Fonyi (or Fogny, Fooñi)
        • Kalounaye
        • Kombo
        • Narang
      • Gusilay-Bandial languages
        • Gusilay (or Gusilaay, Gusiilay, Kusiilaay, Kusilay) [gsl] (disabled)
        • Bandial (or Bandal, Banjaal) [bqj] (disabled)
          • Affiniam
          • Elun (or Hulon, Kullnaay)
          • Nuclear Bandial
      • Bayot (or Bayote, Bayotte, Baiote, Baiot) languages
        • Arame-Gubaare [?]
          • Edamme
          • Gubaare
        • Kugere-Kuxinge [bda] (disabled)
          • Essin
          • Kugere
      • FH-Jola languages
        • Jola-Esulalu (or Jola-kassa, Jola-Kasa, Jóola-Kasa, Diola-Kasa, Kasa, Casa) [csk] (disabled)
          • Ayun
          • Bliss (or Niomoun)
          • Esulalu (or Esuulaalur, Mlomp South, Oussouye)
          • Fluvial
          • Huluf
          • Selek
        • PF-Jola languages
          • Her-Ejamat languages
            • Ejamat (or Ediamat, Eyamat, Feloup, Felup, Felupe, Floup, Flup, Fulup) [eja] (disabled)
            • Keerak (or Keeraku, Kerak, Her) [hhr] (disabled)
          • Kwatay-Karon-Mlomp languages
            • Kuwaataay (or Kwatay) [cwt] (disabled)
            • Karon-Mlomp languages
              • Karon (or Karone) [krx] (disabled)
              • Mlomp (or Mlomp North, Gulompaay) [mlo] (disabled)
Fula-Serer languages:
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Mel languages:
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  • Northern Mel (or Baga, Barka) languages
    • Baga Koga (or Koga, Koba)[bgo] (disabled)
    • Baga Manduri (or Manduri, Maduri) [bmd] (disabled)
    • Baga Sitemu (or Baga Sitemou, Sitemuú, Baga, Rio Pongo Baga, Stem Baga, Barka, Tchitem) [bsd] (disabled)
      • Marara
    • Landoma (or Landouman, Landuma, Cocoli) [ldm] (disabled)
      • Tiapi (or Tyapi, Tyopi)
    • Timne (or Temne, Temen, Themne, Timene, Timmannee) [tem] (disabled)
      • Banta
      • Bombali
      • Kholifa
      • Konike
      • Koya (Sierra Leone)
      • Malal
      • Masingbi
      • Ribia
      • Sanda (Loko)
      • Western Temne
      • Yoni
  • Southern Mel languages
    • Kissi (or Kissien, Kisie, Kisi, Gizi) languages
      • Southern Kisi [kss] (disabled)
        • Luangkori
        • Tengia
        • Warn
      • Northern Kissi [kqs] (disabled)
        • Kama
        • Liaro
        • Teng
        • Tung
    • Bullom (or Bullom, Bulom, Bolom, Bullun, Bulem, Bullin) languages
      • Sherbro (or Amampa, Mampa, Mampwa, Shiba, Southern Bullom) [bun] (disabled)
        • Ndema Sherbro
        • Peninsula Sherbro
        • Shenge Sherbro
        • Sitia Sherbro
      • Northern Bullom languages
        • Bom-Kim [bmf] (disabled)
          • Bom (or Bome, Bomo, Bum, Bullom)
          • Krim (or Kirim, Kim, Kimi, Kittim)
        • Bullom So [buy] (disabled)
          • Kafu
          • Mmani (or Mani, Mandenyi, Mandingi)
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  • Kru languages (see below)
  • Kwa languages (see below)
  • North Volta-Congo languages (see below)
  • Benue-Congo languages (see below)
  • Mpra (†) [?]
  • Aproumu Aizi (Aproumu, Aprou, Aprwe, Oprou) [ahp] (disabled)
  • Mbre (Bere, Bre, Pre, Pre Pisia) [mka] (disabled)
  • Ega (or Egwa, Diés) [ega] (disabled)
  • Adamawa Fali languages
    • North Fali [fll] (disabled)
      • Bossoum
      • Bveri
      • Dourbeye
    • South Fali [fal] (disabled)
      • Bele
      • Fali-Tinguelin
      • Kangou
Kru languages:
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  • Kuwaa (or Kwaa, Kowaao, Belle, Belleh) [blh] (disabled)
  • Aizi (or Ahizi) languages
    • Mobumrin Aizi (or Mobumrin) [ahm] (disabled)
    • Tiagbamrin Aizi (or Tiagba, Lélémrin) [ahi] (disabled)
  • Eastern Kru languages (see below)
  • Western Kru (or Kroo) languages
    • Grebo languages (see below)
    • Wee (or Wèè) languages (see below)
    • Klao-Tajuasohn languages
      • Tajuasohn (or Tajuason, Tajuoso, Tajuosohn) [tja] (disabled)
      • Klao (or Klaoh, Klau, Krawi) [klu] (disabled)
        • Central Klaoh
        • Eastern Klaoh
        • West Central Klaoh
        • Western Klaoh
    • Bassaic languages
      • Dewoin (or Dewoi, Dei, Dey, De) [dee] (disabled)
      • Gbii (or Gbee, Gbi-Dowlu) [ggb] (disabled)
        • Dorbor
        • Kplor
      • Bassa [bsq] (disabled)
        • Central Bassa
        • Gba Sor
        • Gbor
        • Hwen Gba Kon
        • Mabahn
        • Rivercess Bassa
Eastern Kru languages:
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  • Kodia (or Kwadia, Kwadya) [kwp] (disabled)
  • Bakwe-Wane languages
    • Wané (or Hwane, Ngwané) [hwa] (disabled)
    • Bakwé (or Bakwe) [bjw] (disabled)
      • Dafa
      • Defa
      • Deple
      • Nigagba
      • Nyinagbi
  • Neyo-Dida languages
    • Neyo (or Gwibwen, Towi) [ney] (disabled)
    • Dida languages
      • Yocoboué Dida (or Yocoboue Dida) [gud] (disabled)
        • Divo
        • Lozoua
      • Guebie-Lakota Dida languages
        • Gabogbo [gie]
        • Lakota Dida (or Dieko, Gabo, Guébie, Brabori, Satro, Ziki) [dic] (disabled)
          • Vata
  • Beteic languages
    • Eastern Bete (or Eastern Bété) languages
      • Kouya (or Kuya, Kowya, Sokya) [kyf] (disabled)
      • Gagnoa Bété (or Gagnoua-Bété, Shyen) [btg] (disabled)
        • Gbadi
        • Kpakolo
        • Nekedi
        • Niabre
        • Zadie
        • Zebie
    • Western Bete (or Western Bété) languages
      • Daloa Bété (or Daloua Bété, Northern Bété, Gbadi) [bev] (disabled)
      • Guiberoua Bété (or Central Bété, Western Bété) [bet] (disabled)
        • Guiberoua
        • Soubré
      • Godié (or Godye) [god] (disabled)
        • Dagli
        • Dlogo
        • Glibe
        • Jluko
        • Kagbo
        • Koyo (Côte d’Ivoire)
        • Nugbo
        • Nyago
        • Tiglu
Grebo languages:
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  • Ivorian Grebo (or Krumen, Kroumen) languages
    • Pye Krumen (or Northeastern Krumen, Southeastern Krumen) [pye] (disabled)
      • Dugbo
      • Gbowe-Hran
      • Pie
      • Trepo
      • Wlepo
      • Wluwe-Hawlo
      • Yapo
      • Yrewe
    • Tepo-Plapo languages
      • Plapo Krumen (or Plapo) [ktj] (disabled)
      • Tepo Krumen (or Southern Krumen, Southwestern Kroumen) [ted] (disabled)
        • Bapo
        • Dapo
        • Glawlo
        • Honpo
        • Plapo
        • Tepo
        • Wlopo
        • Yrepo
  • Liberian Grebo languages
    • Southern Grebo [grj] (disabled)
      • Glebo
      • Jabo
      • Nyabo
      • Wrelpo
    • North-Central Liberian Grebo languages
      • Northern Grebo [gbo] (disabled)
        • Chedepo
        • E Je
        • Fopo-Bua
        • Gbepo
        • Jedepo
        • Klepo
        • Palipo
        • Tienpo
        • Northeastern Grebo
          • Ketiepo
          • Nitiabo
          • Sabo
          • Tuobo
          • Webo
      • Barclayville-Gboloo-Central Liberian Grebo languages
        • Barclayville Grebo [gry] (disabled)
          • Kplebo
          • Wedebo
        • Gboloo-Central Grebo languages
          • Gboloo Grebo (or Gboloo, Gblou Grebo) [gec] (disabled)
            • Biabo
            • Dediebo
            • Gederobo
            • Nyanoun
          • Central Grebo [grv] (disabled)
            • Borobo
            • Dorobo (Central Grebo)
            • Globo
            • Nyenebo
            • Trembo
Wee (or Wèè) languages:
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  • Nyabwa [nwb] (disabled)
    • Nuclear Nyabwa
    • Nyedebwa
  • Wobe-Wè Northern (or Wobe, Wobé, Ouobe, Wèè, Wè Northern) [wob] (disabled)
    • Péomé
    • Sémien
    • Tao
  • Konobo-Eastern Krahn [kqo] (disabled)
    • Gorbo
    • Kanneh
    • Konobo
    • Tchien
  • Guere-Krahn languages
    • Daho-Doo [das] (disabled)
    • Glio-Oubi (or Glio, Oubi, Ubi) [oub] (disabled)
    • Glaro-Twabo [glr] (disabled)
      • Glaro
      • Twabo
    • Sapo (or Sarpo, Southern Krahn) [krn] (disabled)
      • Juarzon
      • Kabade
      • Nomopo
      • Putu
      • Sinkon
      • Waya
    • Western Krahn (or Northern Krahn, Kran) [krw] (disabled)
      • Biai
      • Gbaeson
      • Gbarbo
      • Gborbo
      • Gbo (Western Krahn)
      • Kpeaply
      • Pewa
      • Plo
    • Guere (or Guéré, Gere) languages
      • Wè Western (or Neyo) [wec] (disabled)
        • Kaoro
        • Nidrou
      • Wè Southern (or Central Guéré) [gxx] (disabled)
        • Beu
        • Fleo
        • Gboo
        • Neao
        • Nyeo
        • Zaa
        • Zagna
        • Zagne
        • Zibiao
Kwa languages:
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  • Nyo languages (see below)
  • Left Bank Kwa languages
    • Gbe (or Gbi) languages (see below)
    • Ga-Dangme languages
      • Ga (or Gã, Gain, Accra, Acra, Akra, Amina) [gaa] (disabled)
      • Adangme (or Dangme) [ada] (disabled)
        • Ada
        • Gbugbla
        • Krobo
        • Ningo
        • Osu
        • Shai
    • Ka-Togo languages
      • Kebu-Animere languages
        • Akebu (or Akebou, Kabu, Kebu, Ekpeebhe, Kegberike) [keu] (disabled)
        • Animere (or Anyimere, Kunda) [anf] (disabled)
      • Avatime-Nyangbo languages
        • Avatime (or Afatime, Sideme, Sia) [avn] (disabled)
        • Nyangbo-Tafi languages
          • Nyangbo (or Nyangbo-Tafi, Tutrugbu) [nyb] (disabled)
          • Tafi (or Nyangbo-Tafi, Tegbo) [tcd] (disabled)
      • Kposo-Ahlo-Bowili languages
        • Igo (or Ago, Achlo, Ahlõ, Ahlon, Ahlon-Bogo, Ahonlan, Anlo) [ahl] (disabled)
        • Tuwuli (or Tuwili, Bowili, Bowiri, Bawuli, Siwuri, Liwuli) [bov] (disabled)
        • Ikposo (or Akposo, Akposos, Akposso, Kposo, Kposso) [kpo] (disabled)
          • Amou Oblou
          • Ikponu
          • Iwi
          • Litime
          • Logbo
          • Uma (Ikposo)
    • Na-Togo languages
      • Boro [xxb] (disabled)
      • Ikpana (or Logba) [lgb] (disabled)
      • Basila-Adele languages
        • Adele (or Bedere, Bidire, Gidire, Gadre) [ade] (disabled)
          • Lower Adele
          • Upper Adele
        • Anii (or Basila, Bassila, Baseca, Ouinji-Ouinji, Winji-Winji) [blo] (disabled)
          • Akpe
          • Ananjubi
          • Balanka
          • Gikolodjya
          • Gilempla
          • Giseda (or Gisida)
          • Gisème
      • Lelemic languages
        • Lelemi-Akpafu languages
          • Lelemi (or Lefana, Lafana, Buem) [lef] (disabled)
          • Siwu (or Siwusi, Akpafu-Lolobi, Lolobi-Akpafu) [akp] (disabled)
            • Akpafu
            • Lolobi
        • Likpe-Santrokofi languages
          • Selee (or Sele, Santrokofi, Sentrokofi, Bale) [snw] (disabled)
          • Sekpele (or Likpe, Bosele, Mu) [lip] (disabled)
            • Nuclear Sekpele
            • Sekwa
Nyo languages:
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  • Attié (or Attie, Atie, Atshe, Atche, Akie, Akye) [ati] (disabled)
    • Bodin
    • Ketin
    • Naindin
  • Avikam-Alladian languages
    • Alladian (or Alladyan, Allagian, Allagia) [ald] (disabled)
    • Avikam (or Avekom, Brinya, Brignan, Gbanda, Kwakwa, Lahu) [avi] (disabled)
  • Agneby languages
    • Adioukrou (or Adyoukrou, Adyukru, Adjukru, Ajukru) [adj] (disabled)
    • Abidji (or Abiji) [abi] (disabled)
      • Enyembe
      • Ogbru
    • Abé (or Abbey, Abbé, Abi) [aba] (disabled)
      • Abbey-Ve
      • Kos
      • Morie
      • Tioffo
  • Potou-Tano languages
    • Potou languages
      • Ebrié (Cama, Caman, Tchaman, Tsama, Tyama, Kyama) [ebr] (disabled)
      • Mbato (or M’bato, Mbatto, Mgbato, N-Batto, Potu, Potou, Ogwia, Goaa, Gwa) [gwa] (disabled)
    • Tano languages (see below)
      • Krobu (or Krobou) [kxb] (disabled)
      • Central Tano languages (see below)
      • Guang languages (see below)
      • Western Tano languages
        • Abure (or Abouré, Abule, Abonwa, Akaplass) [abu] (disabled)
        • Beti (Côte d'Ivoire) (or Eotile, Éotilé, Metyibo) [eot] (disabled)
Central Tano languages:
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  • Akanic languages
    • Abron (or Bron, Brong, Doma, Gyaman) [abr] (disabled)
    • Wasa (or Wassa, Wasaw) [wss] (disabled)
      • Amenfi
      • Fianse
    • Akan [ak]
  • Bia languages
    • Southern Bia languages
      • Ahanta [aha] (disabled)
      • Jwira-Nzima languages
        • Nzima (or Nzema, Appolo) [nzi] (disabled)
          • Evalue
        • Jwira-Pepesa (or Pepesa-Jwira) [jwi] (disabled)
          • Jwira
          • Pepesa
    • Northern Bia languages
      • Anufo (or Chakosi, Chokosi, Chokossi, Tchokossi, Tiokossi, Kyokosi) [cko] (disabled)
      • Baoulé (or Baule, Bawule) [bci]
      • Sehwi (or Sefwi, Asahyue) [sfw] (disabled)
      • Anyinic languages
        • Anyin Morofo (or Morofo) [mtb] (disabled)
        • Anyin [any] (disabled)
          • Abe (Anyin)
          • Alangua
          • Ano
          • Aowin
          • Barabo
          • Bini (Anyin)
          • Bona
          • Djuablin
          • Indenie
          • Moronou
          • Sanvi
Guang languages:
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  • South Guang languages
    • Awutu [afu] (disabled)
      • Efutu
      • Nuclear Awutu
      • Senya
    • Hill South Guang (or Gua) languages
      • Larteh (or Late, Lete) [lar] (disabled)
      • Gua-Cherepon languages
        • Cherepon (or Chiripon, Chiripong, Kyerepong, Okere) [cpn] (disabled)
        • Gua (or Gwa, Anum-Boso) [gwx] (disabled)
          • Anu (Ghana)
          • Boso
  • North Guang languages
    • Nterato [?]
    • Nkonya-Nkami languages
      • Nkami [nkq] (disabled)
      • Nkonya [nko] (disabled)
    • Gonja-Dompo languages
      • Dompo [doi] (disabled)
      • Gonja [gjn] (disabled)
        • Choruba
        • Nuclear Gonja
    • Oti North Guang languages
      • Mountain Oti North Guang languages
        • Nawuri [naw] (disabled)
        • Gikyode-Ginyanga languages
          • Ginyanga [ayg] (disabled)
          • Gikyode-Foodo languages
            • Foodo [fod] (disabled)
            • Gikyode [acd] (disabled)
      • River Oti North Guang languages
        • Kplang [kph] (disabled)
        • Krache [kye] (disabled)
        • Chumbuli languages
          • Chumburung [ncu] (disabled)
            • Northern Chumburung
            • Southern Chumburung
            • Yeji
          • Tchumbuli [bqa] (disabled)
            • Cobecha
            • Nuclear Tchumbuli
        • Nchumbulu-Dwang languages
          • Nchumbulu [nlu] (disabled)
          • Dwang [nnu] (disabled)
            • Bekye
            • Kenyen
            • Wiase
Gbe (or Gbi) languages:
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  • Kpessi (or Kpesi, Kpétsi) [kef] (disabled)
  • Waci Gbe (or Waci-Gbe, Waci, Wachi, Ouatchi, Watyi, Watyu) [wci] (disabled)
  • Gen (Gen-Gbe, Gebe, Ge, Guin, Mina-Gen, Mina, Popo) [gej] (disabled)
    • Agoi (Gen)
    • Anexo
    • Gliji
    • Nuclear Gen
  • Aja (Benin) (or Adja, Ajagbe) [ajg] (disabled)
    • Dogbo
    • Dogo (Benin)
    • Hwe (or Hwè)
    • Sikpi
    • Tado (Benin)
  • Eastern Gbe languages (see below)
  • Western Gbe languages
Eastern Gbe languages:
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  • Ci Gbe (or Cigbe, Ayizo-Ci, Ci, Tchi, Tschi) [cib] (disabled)
  • Defi Gbe [gbh] (disabled)
  • Kotafon Gbe (or Kogbe, Ko) [kqk] (disabled)
  • Maxi Gbe (Maxi-Gbe, Maxi, Mahi) [mxl] (disabled)
  • Tofin Gbe [tfi] (disabled)
  • Weme Gbe (or Weme, Wéménugbé) [wem] (disabled)
  • Gbesi Gbe (or Gbesi) [gbs] (disabled)
    • Gbokpa
  • Wudu (or Togo Gbe) [wud] (disabled)
    • Gbekon
  • Fon (or Fon-Gbe, Fogbe, Fongbe, Fonnu, Fo, Dahomeen, Djedji) [fon]
    • Agbome
    • Arohun
    • Kpase
  • Saxwe Gbe (or Saxwe-Gbe, Saxwe) [sxw] (disabled)
    • Daxe
    • Saxwe Proper
    • Se
  • Ayizo Gbe (or Ayizo-Gbe, Ayizo, Ayzo) [ayb] (disabled)
    • Ayizo-Kobe
    • Ayizo-Seto
    • Ayizo-Tori
    • Kadagbe
  • Gun (or Gun-Gbe, Goun, Egun, Gugbe, Gu) [guw] (disabled)
    • Ajra
    • Alada (or Alada-Gbe, Alada, Aladian, Gun-Alada)
    • Asento
    • Nuclear Gun
    • Phela
    • Savi (Atlantic-Congo)
    • Seto (Gun) (or Seto-Gbe)
    • Toli (or Toli-Gbe)
    • Weme
  • Xwela Gbe (or Xwela-Gbe) languages
    • Central Xwela Gbe (or Xwla-Gbe, Xwela-Gba, Xwela, Peda, Phera, Houeda) [xwe] (disabled)
    • Eastern Xwla Gbe (or Xwla, Kpla, Phla, Pla, Ophra, Offra, Houla, Popo) [gbx] (disabled)
    • Western Xwla Gbe (or Xwlan, Phla) [xwl] (disabled)
North Volta-Congo languages:
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Senufo (or Sénoufo) languages:
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  • Karaboro languages
    • Eastern Karaboro [xrb] (disabled)
    • Western Karaboro [kza] (disabled)
      • Syer
      • Tenyer
  • North Senufo languages
    • Nanerigé Sénoufo [sen] (disabled)
    • Supyiric languages
      • Sìcìté Sénoufo [sep] (disabled)
      • Supyire Senoufo [spp] (disabled)
    • Mamara Senoufo [myk] (disabled)
      • Bàjii
      • Kle Noehmõ
      • Koloo
      • Kujaa
      • Mìjuu
      • Nafãã
      • Nejuu
      • Sõghoo
      • Suõõ
  • Central Senufo languages
    • Senara Sénoufo [seq] (disabled)
    • Cebaara Senoufo [sef] (disabled)
      • Fodara
      • Kafire
      • Kandere
      • Kasara
      • Kufuru
      • Kulere (Côte d'Ivoire)
      • Nafara
      • Papara
      • Patara
      • Pogara
      • Southwest Senari
      • Tagara
      • Tagbari
      • Takpasyeeri
      • Tenere
      • Tyebara
  • South Senufo languages
    • Nyarafolo Senoufo [sev] (disabled)
    • Palaka Senoufo [plr] (disabled)
    • Nafaanra [nfr] (disabled)
      • Fantera
      • Pantera
    • Djimini Senoufo [dyi] (disabled)
      • Diamala
      • Djafolo
      • Dofana
      • Foolo
      • Singala
    • Tagwana Senoufo [tgw] (disabled)
      • Djidanan
      • Fondebougou
      • Fourgoula
      • Gbo
      • Katiara
      • Katiola
      • Niakaramadougou
      • Niangbo
      • Niediekaha
      • Tafire
Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka languages:
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  • Gbaya Oriental languages
    • Mbodomo-Bofi languages
      • Bofi [bff] (disabled)
      • Gbaya-Mbodomo [gmm] (disabled)
    • Gbanu-Manza-Ngbaka languages
      • Gbanu [gbv] (disabled)
        • Budigri
        • Gbagiri
        • Nuclear Gbanu
      • Manza-Ngbaka languages
        • Ngbaka Minagende [nga] (disabled)
        • Manzaic languages
          • Manza [mzv] (disabled)
          • Ngbaka-Manza-Ali languages
            • Ali [aiy] (disabled)
            • Ngbaka Manza [ngg] (disabled)
  • Gbaya Meridional-Occidental languages
    • Northwest Gbaya [gya] (disabled)
      • Banginda
      • Bodoe
      • Gaymona
      • Gbaya Kara
      • Lai
      • Lombu
      • Mbai (Northwest Gbaya)
      • Mbere (Northwest Gbaya)
      • Mombe
      • Yaáyuwee
    • Gbaya Meridional languages
      • Southwest Gbaya [gso] (disabled)
      • Ngombe-Bangandu [bgf] (disabled)
        • Baagato
        • North Bangato
    • Bokoto-Gbeya languages
      • Bokoto
        • Bokpan
        • Gbaya of Boda
        • Nuclear Bokoto
      • Gbeya languages
        • Gbaya-Bozoum [gbq] (disabled)
          • Boyali
          • Bozom
          • Diabe
        • Gbeya-Suma languages
          • Suma [sqm] (disabled)
          • Gbaya-Bossangoa [gbp] (disabled)
            • Bossangoa
            • Gbabana
Bua-Kim-Day languages:
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  • Day [dai] (disabled)
      • Bangoul
      • Bouna
      • Ngalo
      • Takawa-Béngoro
  • Kim-Besme-Goundo languages
    • Besme [bes] (disabled)
    • Goundo [goy] (disabled)
    • Kim [kia] (disabled)
      • Garap
      • Gerep
      • Kolop
      • Kosop
  • Adamawa Bua languages
    • Riverine Bua languages
      • Noy [noy] (disabled)
      • Tunia [tug] (disabled)
        • Perim
        • Tunya
      • Bua-Lua languages
        • Niellim [nie] (disabled)
          • Niou
          • Nuclear Niellim
          • Tchini
        • Ba-Korom (or Buaic) languages
          • Kawaway [?]
          • Bua(or Bwa, Boua, Boa, ’Ba) [bub] (disabled)
    • Inland Bua (or Goula-Melfi) languages
      • Bolgo-Koke languages
        • Koke [kou] (disabled)
        • Bolgo [bvo] (disabled)
          • Bolgo Dugag
          • Bolgo Kubar
      • Goulaic languages
        • Bon Gula [glc] (disabled)
        • Zan-Kulaalic languages
          • Zan Gula [zna] (disabled)
            • Chinguil
            • Zan (Chad)
          • Kulaalic languages
            • Fania [fni] (disabled)
              • Northern Fania
              • Southern Fania
            • Gula Iro [glj] (disabled)
              • Korintal
              • Patool
              • Pongaal
              • Tiaala
              • Tiitaal
Mbumic languages:
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  • Mbum [mdd] (disabled)
  • To [toz] (disabled)
  • Northern Mbum languages
    • Dama-Galke languages
      • Dama (Cameroon) [dmm] (disabled)
      • Ndai (or Galke, Pormi) [gke] (disabled)
    • Tupuri-Mundang-Mambai languages
      • Mambai [mcs] (disabled)
      • Tupuri (or Toupouri, Tuburi, Toubouri ,Ndoore, Ndore, Dema, Honya, Mata, Tongoyna, Wina) [tui] (disabled)
        • Bang-Ling
        • Bang-Were
        • Faale-Piyew
        • Podokge
      • Mundangic languages
        • Mono (Cameroon) [mru] (disabled)
        • Pam (Cameroon) [pmm] (disabled)
        • Mundang (or Moundang, Moundan, Musemban, Kaele, Marhay, Nda) [mua] (disabled)
          • Gelama
          • Imbana (or Mbana, Bana, Imbara)
          • Kiziere
          • Torrock-Kaélé
  • Central Mbum languages
    • Kuo [xuo] (disabled)
    • Karangic languages
      • Nzakambay [nzy] (disabled)
        • Nuclear Nzakambay
        • Zoli
      • Karang [kzr] (disabled)
        • Mbere (Karang)
        • Ngomi
        • Nuclear Karang
        • Sakpu
      • Kare-Pana languages
        • Kare (Central African Republic) (or Kari-Tale) [kbn] (disabled)
          • Kari (Central African Republic) (or Kali, Kare, Karré, Kerɛ)
          • Tale
        • Pana (Central African Republic) (or Pani-Gonge) [pnz] (disabled)
          • Gonge
          • Man
          • Pana (or Pani)
          • Pondo
Central Adamawa languages:
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  • Mumuye-Yandang languages
    • Gengle-Kugama [kow] (disabled)
    • Kumba [ksm] (disabled)
    • Mumuyic languages
      • Rang [rax] (disabled)
      • Pangseng [pgs] (disabled)
        • Jega
        • Komo
        • Nuclear Pangseng
      • Mumuye [mzm] (disabled)
        • Dong (Nuclear Mumuye)
        • Gnoore
        • Gola (Nigeria)
        • Gongla
        • Jalingo
        • Jeng Mumuye
        • Kasaa
        • Kugong
        • Kwaji
        • Lankaviri
        • Mang (Nigeria)
        • Meeka
        • Nyaaja
        • Saawa
        • Sagbee
        • Shaari
        • Yaa
        • Yakoko
        • Yoro
        • Zinna
    • Yandang languages
      • Bali-Kpasam languages
        • Bali (Nigeria) [bcn] (disabled)
        • Kpasam [pbn] (disabled)
        • Yotti [yot] (disabled)
      • Waka-Yendang-Teme languages
        • Teme [tdo] (disabled)
        • Waka-Yandang languages
          • Waka [wav] (disabled)
          • Yendang [ynq] (disabled)
            • Kuseki
            • Poli
            • Yofo
  • Samba Duru languages
    • Duli-Gewe [duz] (disabled)
    • Nimbari [nmr] (disabled)
    • Northern Samba Duru languages
      • Doyayo [dow] (disabled)
        • Marke
        • Sewe
        • Teere
      • Vere-Gimme languages
        • Koma Alantika languages
          • Gimme [kmp] (disabled)
          • Gimnime [gmn] (disabled)
            • Ritime
        • Vere languages
          • Northern Alantika Vere [?]
          • Vere Kaadam [?]
          • Mom Jango [ver] (disabled)
            • Momi
            • Nuclear Mom Jango
          • Koma Ndera [kmy] (disabled)
            • Bangru (Koma)
            • Gomme
            • Gomnome
            • Koma Damti
            • Leelu
            • Liu
            • Ndera
            • Nuclear Koma Ndera
            • Yeru
            • Zanu
    • Southern Samba Duru languages
      • Longto (or Lonto, Longbo, Longa, Woko, Voko, Boko, Gobeyo) [wok] (disabled)
      • Peere [pfe]
        • Dan Muure
        • Peer Muure
        • Zongbi
      • Diic languages
        • Duupa (or Dupa, Doupa, Nduupa, Saa) [dae] (disabled)
        • Dugun (or Pa’non, Panon, Pani, Pape, Sari) [ndu] (disabled)
          • Naan
          • Saan
        • Dii (or Dourou, Durru, Duru, Nyag Dii, Yag Dii, Zaa) [dur] (disabled)
          • Boow
          • Goom
          • Home
          • Mambe’
          • Mamna’a
          • Ngbang
          • Nyok
          • Sagzee
          • Vaazin
      • Sambaic languages
        • Kolbila (or Kolbilla, Kolbilari, Kolbili, Kolena, Zoono) [klc] (disabled)
        • Samba-Leko-Perema-Mumbake languages
          • Samba Leko (or Samba Leeko, Samba, Chamba Leko, Chamba, Leko, Lekon, Lego, Ndi, Suntai) [ndi] (disabled)
            • Bangla
            • Deenu
            • Nuclear Samba Leko
            • Samba de Wangai
            • Sampara
          • Perema-Mumbake languages
            • Nyong (or Nyoking, Nyongnepa, Daganonga, Daganyonga, Mubako, Mumbake, Chukkol, Ndagam, Peti, Samba Bali, Teteka, Yapeli) [muo] (disabled)
            • Wom (Nigeria) (or Pere, Pereba, Perema) [wom] (disabled)
Bandaic languages:
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  • Ngbundu [nuu] (disabled)
  • Mbandja (or Mbandza, Mbanja, Mbanza, Banja) [zmz] (disabled)
    • Gbado
    • Kala
  • West Central Banda (or Golo) [bbp] (disabled)
    • Dakpa
    • Gbaga-Nord
    • Gbi
    • Vita
    • Wojo
  • Ngbugu-Langbasi languages
    • Langbashe (or Langbashi, Langbase, Langbasi, Langbwasse, Langwasi) [lna] (disabled)
    • South Central Banda [lnl] (disabled)
      • Langba
      • Ngbugu
  • Central Bandaic languages
    • Banda-Yangere (or Banda, Yangere, Yanguere) [yaj] (disabled)
    • Central Core Bandaic languages
      • Togbo-Vara Banda [tor] (disabled)
        • Togbo
        • Vara
      • Banda-Bambari [liy] (disabled)
        • Gbende
        • Joto
        • Linda
        • Ndokpa
        • Ngapo
      • Banda-Mbrès [bqk] (disabled)
        • Buka (Banda-Mbres)
        • Mbre (Banda-Mbres)
        • Moruba
        • Sabanga
        • Wada
      • Banda-Ndélé (or Nyele) [bfl] (disabled)
        • Banda-Kpaya
        • Junguru
        • Ngao
        • Ngbala
        • Nuclear Banda-Ndélé
        • Tangbago
      • Banda-Banda [bpd] (disabled)
        • Bereya
        • Buru (Banda-Banda)
        • Gbaga-South
        • Gbambiya
        • Govoro
        • Hai
        • Ka
        • Mbi
        • Ndi
        • Ngalabo
        • Ngola (Banda-Banda)
        • Nuclear Banda-Banda
        • Vidiri
        • Wundu
      • Mid-Southern Central Core Bandaic languages
        • Gobu (or Gubu, Gabu, Gabou, Ngobu, Ngobo) [gox] (disabled)
        • Kpagua (or Kpagwa) [kuw] (disabled)
        • Ngundu [nue] (disabled)
        • Mid-Southern Banda [bjo] (disabled)
        • Bongo (Mid-Southern Banda)
        • Dukpu
        • Wasa (Mid-Southern Banda)
        • Yakpa
        • Mono (Democratic Republic of Congo) (or Amono) [mnh] (disabled)
        • Bili
        • Bubanda
        • Galaba
        • Kaga (Democratic Republic of Congo)
        • Mpaka
Mba-Sere languages:
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  • Mbaic languages
    • Ma (Democratic Republic of Congo) (or Madi, Madyo, Amadi) [msj] (disabled)
    • Ndunga-Mba-Dongo languages
      • Dongo (or Dongo Ko, Donga) [doo] (disabled)
      • Ndunga-Mba languages
        • Mba (or Manga, Bamanga, Kimanga, Kimbanga) [mfc] (disabled)
        • Ndunga (or Mondugu, Modunga, Mondunga, Bondonga) [ndt] (disabled)
  • Sereic languages
    • Feroge-Mangaya languages
      • Feroge (or Feroghe, Ferroge, Kalige, Kaligi, Kalike, Kaliki) [fer] (disabled)
      • Mangayat (or Mangaya, Mongaiyat, Bug, Buga) [myj] (disabled)
    • Sere-Indri languages
      • Indri-Togoyo languages
        • Indri (or Yanderika, Yandirika) [idr] (disabled)
        • Togoyo (or Togoy) [tgy] (disabled)
      • Sere-Bviri languages
        • Bai-Viri languages
          • Bai (or Bari) [bdj] (disabled)
          • Belanda Viri (or Belanda, Viri, Bviri, Biri, Gamba, Gumba, Mbegumba, Mvegumba) [bvi] (disabled)
        • Ndogo-Sere languages
          • Ndogo (or Sudan) [ndz] (disabled)
          • Sere (or Serre, Chere, Shere, Shaire, Sheri, Siri, Sili, Basiri, Basili) [swf] (disabled)
          • Tagbu (or Tagbo, Tagba) [tbm] (disabled)
Mundu-Baka languages:
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  • Eastern Mundu-Baka languages
    • Mündü (or Mundu, Mundo, Mondu, Mondo, Mountou) [muh] (disabled)
      • Shatt (Mundu)
    • Mayogo-Bangba languages
      • Bangba (or Abangba) [bbe] (disabled)
        • Kopa (Bangba)
        • Tora (Bangba)
      • Mayogo (or Mayugo, Majugu, Maigo, Maiko, Mayko, Kiyogo) [mdm] (disabled)
        • Madimadoko
        • Madipia
  • Western Mundu-Baka languages
    • Baka-Gundi languages
      • Gundi (or Ngundi, Ngondi) [gdi] (disabled)
      • Limassa (or Bamassa, Bomasa, Bomassa) [bme] (disabled)
      • Baka complex languages
        • Baka (Cameroon) (or Bebayaka, Bebayaga, Babinga, Bibaya, Pygmee, Pygmé de l'Est, Eastern Pygmy) [bkc] (disabled)
        • Ganzi [gnz] (disabled)
    • River Western Mundu-Baka languages
      • Gbanziri-Boraka (or Gbanzili-’Bolaka, Gbanzili, Gbanziri, Banziri, Gbandere) [gbg] (disabled)
      • Bwaka languages
        • Gilima [gix] (disabled)
        • Ngbaka Ma’bo (or Ngbaka Limba, Nbwaka, Mbwaka, Mbaka, Mbacca, Ma'bo, Gbaka, Gbala, Bwaka, Bouaka) [nbm]
      • Monzomboic languages
        • Monzombo [moj] (disabled)
        • Kpala-Bakpa languages
          • Kpala (or Kpwaala, Kwala, Gbakpwa, Kola, Daba-Kola) [kpl] (disabled)
          • Yango (or Gbendere) [yng] (disabled)
Ngbandi-Mongoba-Kazibati languages:
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  • Mongoba-Kazibati [?]
  • Ngbandic languages
    • Gbayi [gyg] (disabled)
    • Nuclear Ngbandic (or Mongbandi, Mongwandi, Ngwandi, Mbangi) languages
      • Dendi (Central African Republic) [deq] (disabled)
      • Mbangi (or Mbangui) [mgn] (disabled)
      • Northern Ngbandi (or Baza) [ngb] (disabled)
      • Southern Ngbandi (or Ngbandi-Ngiri, Ngbandi-Sud, Mbati) [nbw] (disabled)
      • Yakoma [yky] (disabled)
      • Ngbandi-based creole languages (or Sangoic) languages (see below)
Zandic languages:
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  • Barambo-Pambia languages
    • Ngala-Santandrea [?]
    • Barambu [brm] (disabled)
    • Pambia [pmb] (disabled)
  • Zande-Nzakara languages
Gur languages:
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  • Viemo [vig] (disabled)
  • Tiefoic (or Tiefo, Tiéfo, Tyefo, Tyeforo, Foro, Kiefo) languages
    • Tiefo-Nyafogo-Numudara (or Tiéfo of Nyafogo and Numandara) [?]
      • Noumoudara-Koumoudara (or Tiéfo of Numandara)
      • Nyarafo (or Tiéfo of Nyafogo)
    • Tiefo-Daramandugu (or Tiéfo of Daramandugu) [tiq] (disabled)
  • Tusia (or Toussian, Tusian, Tusyã) languages
    • Southern Toussian (or Win) [wib] (disabled)
    • Northern Toussian [tsp] (disabled)
      • Kebeenton
      • Ter
      • Tru
      • Wenteene
  • Kulango-Lorom languages
    • Kulango (or Koulango, Kulango, Kolango, Kulange, Nkuraeng, Nkurange) languages
      • Bondoukou Kulango (or Bonduku Kulango) [kzc] (disabled)
      • Bouna Kulango (or Bouna Koulango, Buna Kulango) [nku] (disabled)
        • Nabanj
        • Sekwa (Bouna Kulango)
    • Teenic languages
      • Loma (Côte d’Ivoire) (or Lomakka, Lomapo, Lomasse, Malinke) [loi] (disabled)
      • Téén (or Ténhé, Teen, Loghon, Lorhon, Loron, Tegesie, Tegesye, Tese, Nabe) [lor] (disabled)
  • Samu languages
    • Palen [pnl] (disabled)
    • Natioro(or Natjoro, Natyoro, Koo’ra) [nti] (disabled)
      • Ginaourou
      • Kaouara-Timba-Sindou-Koroni
    • Samue(or Samoe, Ouala, Ouara, Wara, Wára) [wbf] (disabled)
      • Faniagara
      • Negueni-Klani
      • Ouatourou-Niasogoni
      • Soulani
  • Central Gur languages
Waja-Jen languages:
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  • Longuda [lnu] (disabled)
    • Nya Ceriya
    • Nya Dele
    • Nya Guyuwa
    • Nya Gwanda
    • Nya Tariya
  • Bena-Mboi languages
    • Kaan (or Kan, Libbo, Libo) [ldl] (disabled)
    • Mboi (or Mboire, Mboyi, Gena) [moi] (disabled)
      • Banga (Nigeria)
      • Handa
      • Nuclear Mboi
    • Bena languages
      • Lala-Roba (or Gworam) [lla] (disabled)
        • Ebode
        • Lala (Nigeria)
        • Roba
      • Yungur-Voro languages
        • Bena (Nigeria) (or Binna, Buna, Ebina, Ebuna, Gbinna, Yungur, Yongor, Yangeru, Purra, Lala) [yun] (disabled)
        • Voro (or Woro) [vor] (disabled)
  • Tula-Waja languages
    • Waja(or Wadja, Wiyaa, Wuya, Nyan Wiyau) [wja] (disabled)
      • Deruwo (or Wajan Dutse)
      • Nuclear Waja
    • Tulaic languages
      • Tso (or Tsóbó, Cuyi Tsó, Lotsu-Piri, Piri, Pire, Cibbo, Kitta) [ldp] (disabled)
        • Berbou
        • Gusubou
        • Swabou
      • Awak-Kamo languages
        • Awak (or Awok, Yebu) [awo] (disabled)
        • Kamo (or Kamu, Nubama, Ma, Nyima) [kcq] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Tulaic languages
        • Bangwinji (or Bangunji, Bangjinge) [bsj] (disabled)
          • Kaalo
          • Naaban
        • Dadiya (or Daadiya, Dadia, Loodiya) [dbd] (disabled)
          • Kookwila
          • Loofaa
          • Loofiyo
          • Tunga (or Thunga, Thungah, Tangane, Tanganekald, Tanganalum, Tenggi, Boleri, Milmenrura)
        • Dijim-Bwilim [cfa] (disabled)
          • Bwilim (or Mona, Mwana, Mwano, Mwona, Mwomo, Fitilai)
          • Dijim (or Tcham, Cham, Cam)
        • Tula [tul] (disabled)
          • Baule
          • Kutule (or Kotule)
          • Yili
  • Bikwin-Jen languages
    • Baa (or Kwa, Kwah) [kwb] (disabled)
      • Gyakan
      • Nuclear Kwa
    • Jen languages
      • Mingang Doso [mko] (disabled)
      • Tha [thy] (disabled)
      • Dza (or Jen, Jenjo, Janjo) [jen] (disabled)
        • Jaule (or Joole)
        • Kaigama
        • Laredo (or Ardido)
    • Bikwin languages
      • Burak-Loo languages
        • Burak (or Buurak) [bys] (disabled)
        • Loo (or Lo, Loh, Shungo, Shunhu) [ldo] (disabled)
      • Mak-Tal languages
        • Mághdì (or Tala, Widala) [gmd] (disabled)
        • Mak (Nigeria) (or Leemak, Lemak) [pbl] (disabled)
          • Panya (or Panyam)
          • Zo
      • Bambuka-Gomu-Leelau languages
        • Kyak (or Nyakyak, Bambuka) [bka] (disabled)
        • Leelau (or Lelau, Lelo, Munga Lelau, Munga) [ldk] (disabled)
        • Moo (or Gwomo, Gwomu, Gwom, Gomu, Ngwaa Móò, Yáá Mòò) [gwg] (disabled)
Northern Gur languages:
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  • Koromfé (or Koromfe, Kurumfe, Kurumba, Kuṟumba, Kuruma, Fula, Fulse, Nyonyose) [kfz] (disabled)
    • Eastern Koromfe
    • Western Koromfe
  • Bwamu-Oti-Volta languages
    • Bwamu languages
      • Bomu [bmq] (disabled)
        • Dwemu
          • Terekongo
          • Togo
          • Wahu
        • Dahanmu
          • Bomborokuy
          • Koniko
          • Mandiakuy
          • Mao
      • Nuclear Bwamu languages
        • Cwi Bwamu (or Cwi, Coo, Twi) [bwy] (disabled)
        • Láá Láá Bwamu (or Kàdenbà, Yere) [bmj] (disabled)
        • Buamu (or Bwamu, Bouamou, Bomu, Eastern Bobo Oule, Eastern Bobo Wule, Red Bobo) [box] (disabled)
          • Ouarkoye
    • Oti-Volta languages
      • Buli-Koma languages
        • Buli (Ghana) (or Bulisa, Builsa, Bulea, Guresha, Kandjaga, Kanjaga) [bwu] (disabled)
        • Konni (or Koni, Koma, Komung) [kma] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Oti-Volta languages
        • Miyobe (or Mi yɔbɛ, Meyobe, Bijobe, Biyobe, Kyobe, Kayobe, Kuyobe, Uyobe, Solla, Sola, Solamba, Soruba, Sorouba) [soy] (disabled)
        • Oti-Volta Oriental languages (see below)
        • Gurma-Yom-Oti-Volta Occidental languages
Oti-Volta Oriental languages:
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  • Biali (or Bieri, Bjeri, Bjerb, Berba, Burba) [beh] (disabled)
    • Dassari
    • Gouande
    • Materi
    • Pingou
    • Porga
    • Tangeta
    • Tihoun
  • Waama-Tayari-Ditammari languages
    • Waama (or Wama, Woaba, Yoabu, Yoabou) [wwa] (disabled)
      • Nuclear Waama
      • Tangamma
    • Tayari-Ditammari languages
      • Nateni (or Natimba) [ntm] (disabled)
        • Kunteni
        • Nuclear Nateni
        • Okoni
        • Tayari
      • Ditammaric languages
        • Mbelime (or Mbilme, Nyende, Niende, Niendi) [mql] (disabled)
        • Ditammari (or Ditamari, Tamari, Tamberma, Some, Soma, Somba) [tbz] (disabled)
          • Eastern Ditammari
          • Western Ditammari
Gurma-Yom-Naudem languages:
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  • Yom-Nawdm languages
    • Nawdm (or Nawdam, Naudem, Naoudem, Naudm, Losso, Losu) [nmz] (disabled)
    • Yom (or Kpilakpila, Pilapila, Pila) [pil] (disabled)
  • Gurma languages
    • Gurma A languages
      • Akaselem (or Akassele, Akasele, Kasele, Kiamba, Kamba, Chamba, Djamba, Cemba, Sama, Tchamba, Tschamba, Tsamba) [aks] (disabled)
      • Ntcham (or Ncham, Natchamba, Bassar, Basar, Basare, Basari, Bassari, Basaal, Tobote) [bud] (disabled)
        • Bitaapul
        • Ceemba
        • Linangmanli
        • Ncanm
        • Ntaapum
    • Gurma B languages
      • Konkomba-Gangam languages
        • Ngangam (or Ngangan, Ngãngã, Gamgan, Gangam, Gangum, Gbanyang, Nbangam, Migangam, Mijiem, Dye) [gng] (disabled)
          • Koumongou
          • Motiem
        • Konkomba (or Kom Komba, Kpankpam, Kpəkpam, Likpakpaln) [xon] (disabled)
          • Lichabool-Nalong
          • Ligbeln
          • Likoonli
          • Limonkpel
          • Linafiel
      • Gourmantche-Moba languages
        • Gourmanchéma (or Gourmantche, Goulmacema, Gourma, Gurma, Gulimancema, Gulmancema, Migulimancema) [gux] (disabled)
          • Central Gourmanchema
          • Northern Gourmanchema
          • Southern Gourmanchema
        • Moba-Bimoba languages
          • Bimoba (or Moar, Moor) [bim] (disabled)
          • Moba (or Moa, Moab, Moare, Moba, Ben) [mfq] (disabled)
            • Natchaba
Oti-Volta Occidental languages:
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  • Notre (or Nootre, Nõtre, Boulba, Bulba, Burusa) [bly] (disabled)
  • Nuclear Oti-Volta Occidental languages
    • Southeast Western Oti-Volta languages
      • Kusaal (or Kusale, Kusasi, Kussassi, Koussassé) [kus] (disabled)
        • Angole
        • Toende
      • Kamara-Hanga languages
        • Kamara (or Mara) [jmr] (disabled)
        • Hanga (or Anga) [hag] (disabled)
          • Northern Hanga
            • Bowena
            • Yazori
          • Southern Hanga
            • Damongo
            • Langantere
            • Murugu
      • Mampruli-Dagbani languages
      • Northwest Oti-Volta languages
      • Mossi-Farefare languages
        • Farefareic languages
        • Mossic languages
          • Kantosi (or Kantonsi, Dagaare-Dioula, Dagaari Dioula, Dagaari-Jula, Dagaari-Yula, Yare, Yari, Yarsi) [xkt] (disabled)
          • Mossi (or Moshi, Moose, Mooré, Mòoré, More, Mole) [mos] (disabled)
            • Ouapadoupou
            • Saremdé
            • Taolendé
            • Yaadré
            • Yaande
            • Yana (Mossi)
            • Zaore
      • Safaliba-Dagaare languages
        • Safaliba (or Safalaba, Safalba, Safali) [saf] (disabled)
        • Dagaaric languages
          • Central-South Dagaric languages
            • Central Dagaare (or Dogaari, Dagaari, Dagari, Dagara, Dagatri, Dagati, Dagatsi, Degati) [dga] (disabled)
            • South Dagaric languages
              • Dagaari Dioula (or Dagaari Dioula, Dagaari Jula, Dagari Dyoula, Jari, Yari, Wa, Wala) [dgd] (disabled)
              • Wali (Ghana) (or Waali, Wala, Ouala, Ala) [wlx] (disabled)
                • ’Bulengee
                • Cherii
                • ’Dolimi
                • Fufula
                • Yeri Waali
          • North-West Dagaric languages
            • Northern Dagara [dgi] (disabled)
              • Lober
              • Nura
              • Wule
            • Birifor (or Birifo) languages
              • Southern Birifor (or Ghana Birifor) [biv] (disabled)
              • Malba Birifor [bfo] (disabled)
                • Northern Birifor
                • Wile
Southern Central Gur languages:
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  • Baatonum (or Baatonun-Kwara, Baatɔnum, Baatonu, Baatombu, Batonnum, Batonu, Bariba, Baruba, Barba, Barganchi, Bargawa, Bargu, Burgu, Borgawa, Berba, Bogung, Zana) [bba]
  • Grusi languages(see below)
  • Dogoso-Khe languages
    • Dogoso (or Bambadion-Dogoso, Bambadion-Dokhosié, Black Dogose, Dorhosié-Finng, Dorhosié-Noirs, Dorossié-Fing) [dgs] (disabled)
    • Khe (or Bambadion-Kheso, Kheso) [kqg] (disabled)
  • Kirma-Tyurama languages
    • Turka (or Tourka, Turuka, Tyurama, Curama) [tuz] (disabled)
      • Beregadougou-Toumousseni
      • Douna
    • Cerma (or Kirma, Mbouin, Gouin, Guin, Gwen, Gwe) [cme] (disabled)
      • Banfora-Sienena
      • Gouindougouba
      • Niangoloko-Diarabakoko
      • Soubakanedougou
  • Lobiri-Jaane languages
    • Dyan (or Dyane, Dyanu, Dian, Dan, Dya) [dya] (disabled)
      • Zanga
    • Lobi (or Lobiri, Miwa) [lob] (disabled)
      • Gongon Lobi
  • Kaansa-Dogose languages
    • Kaansa (or Kaanse, Kãasa, Kaan, Kan, Gane, Gan, Gã) [gna] (disabled)
      • Kpatogo (orKpatogoso, Gbadogo, Padogho, Padorho, Padoro, Bodoro, Kpɔdɔɣo)
      • Nuclear Kaansa
    • Dogose-Khisa languages
      • Khisa (or Khi-sa, Khise, Khi Khipa, Khi, Komono, Kumwenu) [kqm] (disabled)
      • Dogosé (or Doghose, Doghosie, Doghosié, Doro Doghosié, Doghosye, Dɔɣɔse, Dokhosié, Dorhossié, Dorhosye, Dorossé, Dorosie, Dokhobe, Dorobé) [dos] (disabled)
        • Gbeyãse
        • Gbogorose
        • Klamaasise
        • Lutise
        • Mesise
        • Sukurase
Grusi languages:
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  • Northern Grusi languages
    • Kalamsé (or Kalemsé, Kalenga, Sàmòmá, Sàmó) [knz] (disabled)
      • Kasoma (or East Kalamsé)
      • Logremma (or Logma, West Kalamsé)
    • Lyélé (or Lyele, Lele) [lee] (disabled)
      • Central Lyélé
      • Kandéré
      • Northern Lyélé
      • Southern Lyélé (or Reo)
    • Pana (Burkina Faso) (or Sama) [pnq] (disabled)
      • Pana North
      • Pana South
    • Nuna-Kasem languages
      • Kasem (or Kassem, Kasim, Kasena, Kassena, Kassene) [xsm] (disabled)
        • East Kasem
        • Fere
        • Lela
        • Nuclear Kasem
        • Nunuma
        • West Kasem
      • Nuni (or Nouni, Nune, Nuna, Nibulu, Nunuma, Nounouma, Nuruma) languages
        • Northern Nuni [nuv] (disabled)
          • Northeastern Nuni
          • Northwestern Nuni
        • Southern Nuni [nnw] (disabled)
          • Basinyari (or Sundoni)
          • Bwana
          • Gori
          • Micari
          • Sankura
          • Yatini
  • East-West Grusi languages
    • Eastern Grusi languages
      • Kabiyeic languages
      • Tem-Chala languages
        • Tem (or Temba, Timu, Tim, Kotokoli, Cotocoli) [kdh] (disabled)
        • Bago-Delo-Cala languages
          • Bago-Kusuntu [bqg] (disabled)
            • Bago
            • Kusuntu (or Koussountou)
          • Delo-Cala languages
            • Chala (or Cãla, Cala, Tschala, Tshala, Tsa) [cll] (disabled)
            • Delo (or Tribu, Ntribu, Ntribou, Ntrubo) [ntr] (disabled)
    • Western Grusi languages
      • Siti [?]
      • Phuie (or Phuien, Pougouli, Puguli, Buguli, Buguri, Pwe, Pwie, Pwien, Pwa, Pwo) [pug] (disabled)
      • Winyé (or Kolsi, Kols, Kõ, Ko) [kst] (disabled)
      • Sisaala-Chakali languages
        • Chakalic languages
          • Deg (or Degha, Dɛ, Mmfo, Mo, Buro, Buru, Aculo, Janela) [mzw] (disabled)
            • Boe
            • Longoro
            • Mangum
          • Chakali-Tamprusi-Vagala languages
            • Vagla (or Vagala, Paxala, Konosarola, Kira, Siti, Sitigo) [vag] (disabled)
              • Bole (Ghana)
              • Buge
            • Chakali-Tamprusi languages
              • Chakali [cli] (disabled)
              • Tampulma (or Tamplima, Tamprusi, Tamprussi, Tampele, Tampole, Tampolem, Tampolene, Tampolense) [tpm] (disabled)
        • Sisaala (or Sissala, Sisala, Sisai) languages
          • Paasaal (or Pasaale, Pasaale Sisaala, Southern Sisaala, Funsile) [sig] (disabled)
            • Gilbagala
            • Pasaali
          • Tumulung Sisaala (or Sisala Tumu, Shom peng, Shompen) [sil] (disabled)
            • Gil Bagale
            • Isala (or Hissala, Issala, Isaalung)
            • Nsihaa
            • Potule
          • Northwestern Sisaala languages
            • Sissala of Burkina Faso (or Sisaali) [sld] (disabled)
            • Western Sisaala (Busillu Sisala) [ssl] (disabled)
Benue-Congo languages:
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  • Benue-Congo Plateau languages (see below)
  • Igboid languages (see below)
  • Baissa Fali (or Fali of Baissa) [fah]
  • Tita (or Hoai Petel) [tdq]
  • Gade (or Gede) [ged]
  • Oko-Eni-Osayen (or Ogori-Magongo) [oks]
    • Eni
    • Oko
    • Osayen
  • Ukaan (or Ikan, Anyaran) [kcf]
    • Auga
    • Ishe
    • Kakumo
  • Idomoid languages
  • Ebira-Nupoid languages
  • Jukunoid languages
  • Defoid languages
    • Yoruboid languages
  • Akpes-Edoid languages
    • Edoid languages (see below)
    • Akpes [ibe]
      • Akunnu
      • Ase
      • Daja
      • Efifa
      • Esuku
      • Gedegede
      • Ibaram
      • Ikorom
      • Iyani
  • Kainji languages
  • Delta Cross languages
  • Bantoid languages
Benue-Congo Plateau languages:
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  • Alumic languages (see below)
  • Benue-Congo Central Plateau languages (see below)
  • Western Benue-Congo Plateau languages (see below)
  • Ikulu (or Ikolu, Ankulu) [ikl]
  • Ndunic (or Ndun, Indun, Nandu, Ningon, Nyeng, Hanyeng, Isakara, Shakara, Ahwai, Tari) [nfd]
  • Eloyi (or Aho, Afo, Afao, Afu, Epe, Keffi) [afo]
    • Mbamu
    • Mbeci
    • Mbeji
  • Southeastern Benue-Congo Plateau (or Kaleri) languages
    • Bo-Rukul (or Mabo-Barkul, Mabo-Barukul) [mae]
      • Bo (or Mabo)
      • Rukul (or Barukul)
    • Horom-Fyem languages
      • Fyam (or Fyem, Fem, Pyem, Paiem, Pem, Genawa, Gyema, Gyem) [pym]
      • Horom [hoe]
  • Beromic languages
    • Shall-Zwall [sha]
      • Shall
      • Zwall
    • Iten-Cara-Berom languages
      • Eten (or Aten, Etien, Iten, Niten, Ten, Ganawuri, Jal) [etx]
      • Berom (or Berum, Birom, Boro, Boro-Aboro, Aboro, Cen Berom, Chenberom, Shosho, Afango, Gbang, Kibbun, Kibbo, Kibo, Kibyen) [bom]
        • Bachit-Gashish
        • Cen (Berom)
        • Du-Ropp-Rim
        • Fan-Foron-Heikpang
        • Gyell-Kuru-Vwang
        • Hoss
        • Nincut
  • Northern Benue-Congo Plateau languages
    • Doka [dbi]
    • Idon (or Idong) [idc]
    • Iku-Gora-Ankwa (or Iku) [ikv]
    • Kuturmi (or Ada) [khj]
    • Kadara (or Adara) [kad]
      • Iri
      • Kachia
      • Kajuru
      • Minna
  • Tarokoid languages
    • Kwanka-Sur languages
      • Sur (or Nsur, Suru, Tapshin, Tapshinawa, Dishili, Myet) [tdl]
      • Vaghat-Ya-Bijim-Legeri (or Bhumji, Kwanka) [bij]
        • Bijim
        • Legeri
        • Vaghat
        • Ya
    • Yangkam-Tarok-Pe languages
    • Yangkam (or Yankam, Bashiri, Bachirí, Basherawa, Basharawa, Bashar) [bsx]
    • Tarok-Pe languages
      • Pe (or Pai, Dalong) [pai]
      • Tarok (or Yergam, Yergum, Appa) [yer]
        • Igyang
        • Itarok
        • Itarok Oga Asa
        • Izini
        • Selyer
  • Yukubenic languages
    • Afudu [?]
    • Kapya [klo]
    • Yukuben (or Ayikiben, Nyikobe, Nyikuben, Uhumkhegi, Uuhum-Gigi, Uuhum, Gohum, Oohum, Balaabe, Balaaben, Boritsu, Boritsũ) [ybl]
    • Bete-Lufu languages
      • Bete (Yukubenic) [byf]
      • Lufu [ldq]
    • Akum-Beezen languages
      • Akum (or Okum, Anyar) [aku]
      • Beezen-Baazem languages
        • Baazem [?]
        • Beezen (or Bezen) [bnz]
Alumic languages:
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  • Alumu-Toro languages
  • Jilic-Eggonic languages
Benue-Congo Central Plateau languages:
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  • Cara (or Chara, Fachara, Fakara, Nfachara, Pakara, Tariya, Tera, Teriya, Terri) [cfd]
  • South-Central Benue-Congo Plateau languages
    • Irigwe (or Rigwe, Iregwe, Aregwe, Idafan, Kwal, Kwan, Kwoll, Kwolla, Miango, Nkarigwe, Nnerigwe, Nyango) [iri]
    • Nuclear Zaric languages
      • Katabic languages
      • Izeric languages
        • Cen [cen]
        • Firan (or Yes Firan, Frisian, Faran, Foron, Kwakwi) [fir]
        • Ganang (or Gashish) [gne]
        • Izere (or Izarek, Fizere, Fezere, Feserek, Afizare, Afizarek, Afusare, Hill Jarawa, Jarawa, Jarawan Dutse, Jari, Jos-Zarazon) [izr]
Western Benue-Congo Plateau languages languages:
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  • Ninzic languages
  • Northwestern Benue-Congo Plateau languages
Igboid languages:
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  • Ekpeye (or Ekkpahia, Ekpabya, Ekpaffia) [ekp]
    • Ako (Atlantic-Congo)
    • Igbuduya
    • Ubye
    • Upata
  • Igbo languages
    • Ika [ika]
    • Ogbah [ogc]
      • Egnih
      • Igburu-Usomini
    • Ukwuani-Aboh-Ndoni [ukw]
      • Abo
      • Ndoni
      • Ukwuani
    • Izi-Ezaa-Ikwo-Mgbo [izi]
      • Ezaa
      • Ikwo
      • Izi
      • Mgbo
    • Igbo (or Ibo) [ig]
      • Afikpo
      • Aniocha
      • Bonny-Opobo
      • Eche
      • Egbema
      • Mbaise
      • Ngwa
      • Nsa
      • Nsuka
      • Oguta
      • Ohuhu
      • Oka (Nigeria)
      • Onitsha
      • Orlu
      • Owerri
      • Umuahia
      • Unwana
    • Ikwere [ikw]
      • Akpo-Mgbu-Tolu
      • Aluu
      • Apani
      • Egbedna
      • Elele
      • Emowhua
      • Ibaa
      • Igwuruta
      • Ipo
      • Isiokpo
      • Ndele
      • Obio
      • Ogbakiri
      • Omagwna
      • Omerelu
      • Omudioga
      • Rumuji
      • Ubima
Edoid languages:
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  • Southwestern Edoid languages (see below)
  • Northwestern Edoid languages (see below)
  • North-Central Edoid languages (see below)
  • Delta Edoid languages
    • Epie [epi]
      • Atisa
    • Degema-Engenni languages
      • Degema [deg]
        • Atala
        • Usokun
      • Engenni [enn]
        • Ediro
        • Inedua
        • Ogua
        • Zarama
Southwestern Edoid languages:
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  • Eruwa [erh]
  • Okpe (Southwestern Edo) [oke]
  • Uvbie [evh]
  • Urhobo [urh]
    • Agbarho
    • Agbon
    • Udu
    • Ujevwe
  • Isoko [iso]
    • Aviara
    • Elu (Atlantic-Congo)
    • Emede
    • Enhwe
    • Ibiede
    • Imiv
    • Irri
    • Itebiege
    • Iwire
    • Iyede
    • Iyede-Ami
    • Iyowo
    • Ofagbe
    • Ole
    • Olomoro
    • Owe (Isoko)
    • Oyede
    • Ozoro
    • Ume
    • Unogboko
    • Uti
    • Uzere
Northwestern Edoid languages:
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  • Osse languages
    • Iyayu [iya]
    • Uhami [uha]
    • Ukue-Ehueun languages
      • Ehueun [ehu]
      • Ukue [uku]
  • Southern Northwestern Edoid languages
    • Oloma [olm]
    • Okpamheri [opa]
    • Emhalhe
    • Okulosho
      • Dagbala
      • Makeke
      • Oja
      • Ojirami
      • Oma
    • Western Okpamheri
      • Aiyegunle
      • Bekuma
      • Ebunn-Oke
      • Ebunn-Ugbo
      • Eko
      • Ekpe
      • Igbo-Ola-Oke
      • Igbo-Ola-Sale
      • Ikaran-Ele
      • Ikaran-Oke
      • Ikpesa
      • Imoga
      • Lankpese
      • Ogbe-Oke
      • Ogbe-Sale
      • Ogugu (Western Okpamheri)
      • Onumo
    • Okpe-Akuku-Idesa languages
      • Akuku [ayk]
      • Okpe (Northwestern Edo) [okx]
North-Central Edoid languages:
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  • Ososo [oso]
  • Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe [ath]
    • Arhe
    • Ivbie North
    • Okpela
  • Igwe-Enwa-Sasaru languages
    • Enwan (Edu State) [env]
    • Igwe [igw]
    • Ikpeshi [ikp]
    • Sasaru [sxs]
  • Central Plains Edoid languages
    • Bini [bin]
    • Esan [ish]
    • Ekpon
    • Igueben
    • Emai-Iuleha-Ora [ema]
    • Emai
    • Iuleha
    • Ivhimion
    • Ora
  • Afenmai-Bendel languages
    • Ghotuo [aaa] (disabled)
    • Uneme-Yekhee languages
      • Uneme [une]
      • Yekhee [ets]
        • Auchi
        • Avianwu
        • Aviele
        • Ekperi
        • Ivhiadaobi
        • South Ibie
        • Uwepa-Uwano
        • Uzairue
Ogonoid languages:
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  • West Ogonoid languages
    • Eleme [elm]
    • Baan [bvj]
      • Ka-Ban
      • Kesari
  • East Ogonoid languages
    • Gokana [gkn]
      • Bodo (Gokana)
      • Bomu (Gokana)
      • Dere
      • Kibangha
    • Tai-Kana languages
      • Tee [tkq]
      • Khana [ogo]
      • Babbe
      • Boúe
      • Ken-Khana
      • Norkhana
      • Nyo-Kana
      • Yeghe
Central Delta languages:
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  • Abua-Odual languages
    • Odual [odu]
      • Adibom
      • Arughunya
    • Abua [abn]
      • Central Abuan
      • Emughan
      • Okpeden
      • Otapha
  • Kugboic languages
    • Abureni [mgj]
    • Kugbo [kes]
    • Ogbogolo [ogg]
    • Ogbronuagum [ogu]
    • Obulomic languages
      • Obulom [obu]
      • O’chi’chi’ [xoc]
    • Ogbia [ogb]
      • Agholo
      • Anyama
      • Oloibiri
Upper Cross languages:
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  • Ukpet-Ehom [akd]
    • Ehom
    • Ukpet
  • Kiong-Korop languages
    • Kiong [kkm]
    • Korop [krp]
  • Agoi-Doko-Iyoniyong languages
    • Bakpinka [bbs]
    • Doko-Uyanga [uya]
    • Agoi [ibm]
      • Iko (Agoi)
  • Central Upper Cross languages
    • East-West Central Delta Cross languages
      • Olulumo-Ikom [iko]
        • Ikom
        • Okuni
        • Olulumo
      • Lokoic languages
        • Lokaa [yaz]
          • Nkpam
          • Ugep
        • Lubila-Lokaa languages
          • Lubila [kcc]
          • Nkukoli [nbo]
      • Mbembe-Legbo languages
        • Cross River Mbembe [mfn]
          • Adun
          • Apiapum
          • Ekama
          • Oferikpe
          • Ofombonga
          • Ofonokpan
          • Okom
          • Osopong
        • Legboic languages
          • Legbo [agb]
          • Lenyima-Leyigha languages
            • Lenyima [ldg]
            • Leyigha [ayi]
    • North-South Central Delta Cross languages
      • Koring-Kukele languages
        • Oring [org]
          • Okpoto
          • Ufia
          • Ufiom
        • Kukele-Uzekwe languages
          • Uzekwe [eze]
          • Kukele [kez]
            • Iteeji
            • Mtezi
            • Ugbala
      • Ubaghara-Kohumono languages
        • Ubaghara [byc]
          • Biakpan
          • Etono I
          • Ikun
          • Ugbem
          • Utuma
        • Kohumonoic languages
          • Kohumono [bcs]
          • Umon [umm]
          • Agwagwune [yay]
            • Abayongo
            • Abini
            • Adim
            • Erei
            • Etono II
            • Nuclear Agwagwune
            • Orum
Lower Cross languages:
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  • Ebughu [ebg]
  • Ibino [ibn]
  • Iko [iki]
  • Ilue [ilv]
  • Okobo [okb]
  • Oro [orx]
  • Usaghade [usk]
  • Enwang-Uda languages
    • Enwan (Akwa Ibom State) [enw]
    • Uda [uda]
  • Oboloic languages
    • Eki [eki]
    • Idere [ide]
    • Obolo [ann] (disabled)
      • Ataba
      • Ibot Obolo
      • Ngo
      • Okoroete
      • Unyeada
  • Central Lower Cross languages
    • Efai [efa]
    • Ekit-Etebi languages
      • Ekit [eke]
      • Etebi [etb]
    • Ibuoro-Nkari languages
      • Ibuoro [ibr]
      • Ito [itw]
      • Itu Mbon Uzo [itm]
      • Nkari [nkz]
    • Efik-Ibibio languages
      • Efik [efi]
      • Ukwa [ukq]
      • Anaang [anw]
        • Abak
        • Ikot Ekpene
        • Ukanafun
      • Ibibio [ibb]
        • Central Ibibio
        • Enyong
        • Itak
        • Nsit
Northern Bantoid languages:
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Dakoid languages:
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  • Taram-Dirim-Nnakenyare languages
    • Dirim-Nnakenyare languages
      • Dirim [dir]
      • Lamja-Dengsa-Tola [ldh]
        • Dengsa
        • Lamja
        • Tola
    • Samba Daka [ccg]
      • Nuclear Samba Daka
      • Samba Jangani
      • Samba Nnakenyare
      • Samba of Mapeo
      • Taram
  • Tiba-Dong languages
    • Dong [doh]
    • Gaa [ttb]
Mambiloid languages:
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  • Ndoola [ndr]
  • Nizaa-Mambila-Vute languages
    • Nizaa [sgi]
    • Konja-Mambila-Vute languages
      • Konja languages
        • Njanga [?]
        • Bung [bqd]
        • Kwanja [knp]
          • Nyandung
          • Nyanjang
          • Nyasunda
      • Mambila-Vute languages
        • Vutic languages
          • Tep [?]
          • Somyev [kgt]
          • Vute-Wawa languages
            • Wawa [www]
              • Gandua
            • Vute [vut]
              • Bute Bamnyo
              • Kumbere
              • Nduvum
              • Ngoro
              • Nudoo
              • Nugane
              • Nujum
              • Vute Mbanjo
        • Mambila-Mbongno languages
          • Mbongno-Mvano languages
            • Mbongno [bgu]
            • Mvano-Ndunda languages
              • Mvano [mcj]
              • Ndunda [nuh]
          • Mambila languages
            • Njerup languages
              • Luo (Cameroon) [luw]
              • Njerep [njr]
              • Yeni {yei]
            • Western Mambila [mzk]
              • Ba
              • Barup
              • Bogur (Mambila)
              • Lemel
              • Len (Mambila)
              • Mbar
              • Tungba
              • Warwar
            • Eastern Mambila languages
              • Cambap-Langa [twn]
                • Cambap
                • Langa
              • Donga Mambila [mcu]
                • Kabri
                • Kara (Mambila)
                • Maberem
                • Ngubin
                • Titong
Southern Bantoid languages:
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  • Ajumbu [muc]
  • Bishuo [bwh]
  • Buru (Nigeria) [bqw]
  • Busuu [bju]
  • Fang (Cameroon) [fak]
  • Koshin [kid]
  • Mundabli [boe]
  • Mungbam [mij]
  • Mamfe languages (see below)
  • Ekoid-Mbe languages (see below)
  • Bendic languages (see below)
  • Beboid languages (see below)
  • Jarawan languages (see below)
  • Tivoid languages (see below)
  • Wide Grassfields languages (see below)
  • Narrow Bantu languages (see below)
Mamfe languages:
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  • Kenyang [ken]
    • Bakoni
    • Lower Kenyang
    • Upper Kenyang
  • Kendem-Denya languages
    • Kendem [kvm]
    • Denya [anv]
      • Bajwo
      • Basho
      • Bitieku
      • Takamanda
Ekoid-Mbe languages:
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  • Mbe [mfo]
    • Idum
    • Ikumtale
    • Odaje
  • Ekoid languages
    • Ndoe [nbb]
      • Balep
      • Ekparabong
    • Bakor-Ejagham languages
      • Ejagham [etu]
        • Southern Ejagham
        • Eastern Ejagham
          • Keaka
          • Obang
        • Western Ejagham
          • Akamkpa-Ejagham
          • Bendeghe Etung
          • Ekwe
          • Northern Etung
          • Southern Etung
      • Bakor languages
        • Nkem-Nkum [isi]
          • Nkem
          • Nkum
        • Abanyom-Ekajuk languages
          • Abanyom [abm]
          • Ekajuk [eka]
          • Nnam [nbp]
        • Nde-Efutop languages
          • Efutop [ofu]
          • Nde-Nsele-Nta [ndd]
            • Nde
            • Nsele
            • Nta
Bendic languages:
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  • Alege [alf]
  • Bekwarra [bkv]
  • Bumaji [byp]
  • Ubang [uba]
  • Bete-Bendi [btt]
    • Bendi (Nigeria)
    • Bete
  • Ukpe-Bayobiri [ukp]
    • Bayobiri
    • Ukpe
  • Obanliku [bzy]
    • Basang
    • Bebi
    • Bishiri
    • Bisu (Atlantic-Congo)
    • Busi
  • Putukwam [afe]
    • Afrike
    • Obe
    • Oboso
    • Okorogung
    • Okorotung
    • Utugwang
  • Bokyi [bky]
    • Abo (Bokyi)
    • Basua
    • Boje
    • Boki
    • Boorim
    • Eastern Bokyi
    • Irruan
    • Iruan
    • Kwakwagom
    • Nsadop
    • Oku (Bokyi)
    • Osokom
    • Oyokom
    • Wula (Bokyi)
Beboid languages:
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  • Bikya [byb]
  • Eastern Beboid languages
    • Fio [?]
    • Bebe-Kemezung languages
      • Bebe [bzv]
      • Naki-Kemezung languages
        • Kemezung [dmo]
        • Nakic languages
          • Bukwen [buz]
          • Mashi (Nigeria) [jms]
          • Naki [mff]
    • Nsari-Nooni-Ncane languages
      • Nsari [asj]
      • Nooni-Ncane languages
        • Noone [nhu]
        • Ncane-Cung languages
          • Ncane [ncr]
            • Mungong
            • Nuclear Ncane
          • Cung-Mbuk languages
            • Mbuk [?]
            • Chung [cug]
Jarawan languages:
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Tivoid languages:
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  • Esimbi [ags]
  • Mesaka [iyo]
    • Batomo
  • North Tivoid languages
    • Abon [abo]
    • Ambo [amb]
    • Bitare [brt]
    • Batu [btu]
      • Amanda-Afi
      • Angwe (Batu)
      • Kamino
  • Central Tivoid languages
    • Central Tivoid B languages
      • Caka [ckx]
        • Assaka
        • Batanga (Caka)
      • Eman [emn]
        • Amanavil
        • Amayo
      • Ipulo-Olulu [ass]
        • Etongo
        • Olulu
        • Tinta
    • Central Tivoid A languages
      • Iceve-Maci [bec]
        • Icheve
        • Oliti
      • Tiv-Evand languages
        • Evant [bzz]
        • Tiv-Iyive-Otanga languages
          • Iyive [uiv]
          • Otank [uta]
          • Tiv [tiv]
            • Icongo
              • Masev-Hyarev
              • Nongov
              • Tulan
              • Ugondo
            • Ipusu
              • Kparev
              • Kyurav
              • Shitile
              • Tongov
              • Ukum
Wide Grassfields languages:
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  • Ambele
  • Befang
  • Narrow Grassfields languages
    • Mbam-Nkam languages
      • Bamileke languages
        • Fe’fe’
        • Ghomálá’
        • Kwa’
        • Medumba
        • Mengaka
        • Nda’nda’
        • Ngiemboon
        • Ngomba
        • Ngombale
        • Ngwe
        • Yemba
      • Nka languages
        • Mbam-Nkam Nun (8) languages
        • Ngembaic (9) languages
        • Nkambe (7) languages
    • Momo (7) languages
    • Ndemli
    • Ring languages
      • Center Ring (6) languages
      • Lamnso’
      • South Ring (4) languages
      • West Ring (6) languages
    • Southwest Grassfields (6) languages
    • Viti
Narrow Bantu languages:
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Ababuan languages:
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  • Old Bomokandian languages
  • Bali-Beeke languages
    • Beeke [bkf]
    • Bali (Democratic Republic of the Congo) [bcp]
      • Bafwandaka
      • Bakundumu
      • Bekeni
      • Bemili
Komoic languages:
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Middle Bomokandian languages:
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  • Liko [lik]
    • Likó
    • Liliká
    • Lilikó
  • Late Bomokandian languages
    • Kango (Bas-Uélé District) [kty]
      • Bomokandi
      • Uélé
    • Ngelima [agh]
      • Beo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
      • Buru
      • Hanga (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
      • Tungu
    • Pagabeteic languages
      • Bwa [bww]
        • Bati
        • Benge (Congo)
        • Kiba
        • Leboa-Le
        • Yewu
      • Pagibete [pae]
        • Momveda
        • Mongbapele
        • Ndundusana
Ngbele-Ngenda languages:
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  • Extreme North Vestigial Suffixes Bantu languages
    • Kari [kbj]
    • Ngbee [jgb]
    • Nyanga-li [nyc]
  • Ngendan languages
    • Bodo (Central African Republic) [boy]
    • Homa [hom]
    • Boguru [bqu]
      • Bukur
      • Nuclear Boguru
    • Ngbinda-Mayeka languages
      • Mayeka [myc]
      • Ngbinda [nbc]
Mbam languages:
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  • Sanaga (A.60) languages
    • Leti (Cameroon) [leo]
    • Tuki [bag]
      • Bundum
      • Kombe
      • Mbere (Cameroon)
      • Ngoro (Tuki)
      • Tocenga
      • Tonjo
      • Tsinga
  • Yambasa (A.60) languages
    • Nugunu (Cameroon) [yas]
      • Northern Gunu
      • Southern Gunu
    • Baca-Nuclear Yambasa languages
      • Baca languages
        • Mbule [mlb]
        • Nubaca [baf]
      • Nuclear Yambasa languages
        • Bati (Cameroon) [btc]
        • Yangben [yav]
        • Elip-Maala languages
          • Elip [ekm]
          • Mmaala [mmu]
  • West Mbam (A.40) languages
    • Tuotomb [ttf]
    • Yambeta [yat]
      • Nedek
      • Nigii
    • Mandi-Nyokonlanguages
      • Nomaande [lem]
      • Nyokon [nvo]
      • Tunen [tvu]
        • Eling
        • Itundu
        • Logananga
        • Mese (Cameroon)
        • Ndogbang
        • Ndokbiakat
        • Ndoktuna
        • Ni Nyo’o
Bantu A-B10-B20-B30 languages:
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  • Bantu A10-A20-A30 languages
  • Basaa languages
    • Abo-Barombi languages
      • Bankon (or Abo, Abaw, Bo, Bon, Nkon) [abb]
      • Barombi (Barumbi, Balombi, Lombi, Lombe, Lambi, Rambi, Rombi) [bbi]
    • Basaa-Bakoko (A.43) languages
      • Bakoko (A.43.b) [kho]
        • Adie
        • Bisoo (or Basoo)
        • Mbang
        • Yabyang
        • Yakalak
        • Yapoma
        • Yassuku
      • Basaa-Hijuk languages
  • Bafia (A.50) languages
    • Tibea (or Ngayaba, Nyabea, Njanti, Djanti, Minjanti, Zangnte) [ngy]
    • Nuclear Bafia (A.50) languages
      • Dimbong (or Mbong, Bumbong, Lambong, Lakaalong, Kaalong, Kalong, Palong) [dii]
      • Lefa-Bafia languages
        • Bafia [ksf]
          • Bape
          • Kpa
        • Lefa [lfa]
          • Cama
          • Letia
          • Nuclear Lefa
          • Tingong
  • Yaunde-Fang (A.70) languages (see below)
  • Makaa-Njem (A.80) languages
  • Sheke languages
    • Molengue (or Balengue, Molendji) [bxc]
    • Seki (or Beseki, Bulu, Seseki, Sheke, Shekiyana) [syi]
  • Keleic languages (see below)
  • Myene-Okani (B.10-B.30) languages
    • Myene (or Omyene) [mye]
      • Ajumba
      • Enenga
      • Galwa
      • Mpongwe (or Mpongué, Pongué, Pangwe)
      • Nkomi
      • Orungu
    • Okani (B.30) languages
      • Northern Okani languages
        • Kande (or Okandé, Kaande, Kanda) [kbs]
        • Pinji (or Apinji, Apindji, Apindje, Gapinji) [pic]
        • Simba (or Nsindak) [sbw]
      • Southern Okani languages
        • Bubi (or Bhubhi, Ibhubhi, Ibubi, Pove) [buw]
        • Tsogo (or Mitsogo, Getsogo, Ghetsogo) [tsv]
        • Viya (or Geviya, Gevia, Eviya, Avia, Ivéa) [gev]
Lundu-Balong (A.10) languages:
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  • Bonkeng (or Bonkeng-Pendia, Bongken) [bvg]
  • Lekongo-Manenguba languages
    • Nkongho (or Lekongo, Kinkwa, Upper Mbo) [nkc]
    • Bafaw-Balong-Manenguba languages
      • Bafaw-Balong (or Ngoe) [bwt]
        • Bafaw
        • Balong
      • Manenguba languages
        • Bassossi (Basossi, Basosi, Sosi, Asobse, Swose, Nsose, Nswose, Nswase, Ngen) [bsi]
          • Mienge
        • Mbo (Cameroon) (or Mboo, Sambo) [mbo]
          • Bareko
          • Kekem
          • Melong
          • Santchou
        • Central Manenguba languages
          • Akoose (or Bakossi, Bekoose, Koose, Kosi, Akosi, Nkoosi, Nkosi) [bss]
            • Elung
            • Mwambong
            • Mwamenam
            • Ninong
            • Northern Bakossi
            • Southern Bakossi
            • Western Bakossi
          • Bakaka (or Central Mbo) [bqz]
            • Babong
            • Bafun
            • Balondo
            • Baneka
            • Manehas
            • Nuclear Bakaka
Sawabantu (A.20-A.30) languages:
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  • Bengaic languages
    • Batanga (or Bano’o, Banoho, Noho, Nohu, Noku) [bnm] (disabled)
    • Benga (or Qaqet) [bng]
    • Yasa-Kombe languages
      • Ngumbi (or Kombe) [nui]
        • Asonga (Ngumbi)
        • Bomudi
        • Moganda
      • Yasa (or Bongwe, Ndowe, Lyaasa, Maasa) [yko]
        • Asonga
        • Bodele
        • Bomui
        • Bweko
        • Iyasa
        • Mapanga
        • Marry
        • Mogana
        • Mooma
        • One (Yasa)
        • Vendo
  • Dualaic languages
    • Oli-Bidiman [?]
    • Duala-Malimba languages
      • Malimba (or Mulimba, Limba, Lemba, Mudima) [mzd]
      • Duala (or Douala, Diwala, Dwala, Dwela) [dua]
        • Bodiman
        • Mungo
        • Oli
        • Pongo
    • Kole-Isubu languages
      • Bakole (or Bamusso, Kole) [kme]
      • Isu (Fako Division) (or Isubu, Subu, Suwu, Su, Bimbia) [szv]
  • Kpwe languages
    • Mokpwe (or Bakueri, Bakwedi, Bakwele, Bakpwe, Kwedi, Kwili, Kwiri, Mokpe, Ujuwa, Vambeng) [bri]
    • Wumboko-Bubia (or Womboko, Mboko, Bumboko, Bomboko, Bamboko, Bambuku) [bqm]
    • Oroko (or Bakundu) [bdu]
      • Bima (Oroko)
      • Ekombe
      • Lokoko
      • Lokundu
      • Lolue
      • Londo
      • Longolo
      • Lotanga
      • Mbonge
Yaunde-Fang (A.70) languages:
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  • Eton-Mengisa (or Iton) [eto]
    • Beyidzolo
    • Essele
    • Mvog-Namve
    • Mvo-Nangkok
  • Bulu (Cameroon) (or Boulou) [bum]
    • Bene
    • Yelinda
    • Yembana
    • Yengono
    • Zaman
  • Fang (Equatorial Guinea) (or Pahouin, Pahoun, Pamue) [fan]
    • Fang (Equatorial Guinea)
    • Make
    • Mvae
    • Ntum
    • Ogowe
  • Ewondo-Bebele languages
    • Bebil (or Bobilis, Gbigbil) [bxp]
    • Bebele (or Bamvele) [beb]
      • Eke (Cameroon)
      • Manyok
    • Ewondo (or Ewundu, Yaoundé, Yaunde, Jaunde, Kolo) [ewo]
      • Badjia
      • Bafeuk
      • Bamvele
      • Bane
      • Beti
      • Enoah
      • Evouzok
      • Fong
      • Mbida-Bani
      • Mvete
      • Mvog-Niengue
      • Omvang
      • Yabeka
      • Yabekanga
      • Yabekolo
Keleic languages:
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  • Greater Kota languages
    • Kota-Mahongwe languages
      • Kota (Gabon) (or Kotu, Ikota, Ikuta) [koq]
      • Mahongwe (or Mahongüe) [mhb]
    • Ndasa-Wumbvu-Samay languages
      • Osamayi (or Samay) [syx]
      • Ndasa-Wumbvu languages
        • Ndasa (or Andasa, Ndassa, Ndash) [nda]
        • Wumbvu (or Wumvu) [wum]
  • Kele-Sake languages
    • Kele-Tombidi languages
      • Tombidi [?]
      • Kélé (or Akele, Dikele) [keb]
        • Bubi (Kele)
        • Western Kele
    • Greater Sake languages
      • Sake-Ndambomo languages
        • Ndambomo [nxo]
        • Sake (or Saké, Shake, Asake) [sak]
      • Ngom-Mwesa-Mbangwe languages
        • Mbangwe (or M’bahouin, Mbahouin) [zmn]
        • Ngom-Mwesa languages
          • Mwesa [?]
          • Ngom (or Ongom, Ungom, Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ngomo) [nra]
Central-Western Bantu languages:
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  • Yeyi
  • Greater Bangi-Ntomba languages (see below)
  • Njebe-Mbete-Teke languages (see below)
  • Luban languages (see below)
  • Njila languages (see below)
  • Kongo-Yaka-Suku-Hungan languages
    • Hungana-Saamba
    • Kongo-Yaka-Suku languages
      • Kikongoic languages (see below)
      • Yaka-Suku languages
        • Hungu
          • Suku
        • Yaka-Pelende-Lonzo
  • Koyo-Mboshi languages
    • Akwa
    • Koyo
    • Mboko
    • Mbosi
    • Likwala-Likuba languages
      • Likuba
      • Likwala
  • Greater Luyana languages
    • Eastern Greater Luyana languages
      • Luyi
      • Mbowe
    • Western Greater Luyana languages
      • Mashi-Mbukushi languages
        • Mashi (Zambia)
        • Mbukushu
      • Simaaic languages
        • Nyengo
        • Simaa
  • Kele (C.60) languages
    • Mbesa
    • Kele-Poke languages
      • Mbole
      • Kele-Lombo languages
        • Kele-Foma
        • Lombo
      • So-Poke languages
        • Poke
        • Basoo languages
          • Moingi
          • So (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • Yanzi (B.80) languages
    • Lwel
    • Nzadi
    • Boma-Tiene-Mpe languages
      • Kempee
      • Boma-Tiene languages
        • Boma
        • Tiene
    • Kwilu-Umlaut languages
      • Ding
      • Yans-Mpur-Ntsambaan languages
        • Ntsambaan
        • Yansi
    • Kwilu-Nsong languages
      • Mbuun
      • Mfinu
      • Nsong-Mpiin-Ngong languages
        • Ngongo
        • Nsong
  • Likouala-Sangha languages
    • Bomitaba
    • Dibole
    • Impfondo
    • Mikaya-Bambengangale-Baluma
    • Mokiba-Ngando languages
      • Bongili
      • Ngando (Central African Republic)
    • Bwamba-Ngondi-Pande-Mbati-Aka languages
      • Mbati
      • Ngundi
      • Pande
      • Yaka (Central African Republic)
Greater Bangi-Ntomba languages:
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  • Bafoto
  • Ngiri languages (see below)
  • Kela-Ntomba languages
    • Sengele
    • Bolia-Ntomba languages
      • Bolia
      • Ntomba
    • Vieux Mongo languages
      • Lomongo languages
        • Mongo
        • Ngando-Lalia
      • Nkutsuic languages
        • Dengese
        • Ombo
        • Yela-Kela
        • Tetelaic languages
          • Hamba de Lomela
          • Kusu
          • Tetela
        • Boshongo languages
          • Sakata
          • Bushoong-Wongo-Lele languages
            • Sakata
            • Bushoong-Wongo-Lele languages
              • Bushoong
              • Lele (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
              • Wongo
Ngiri languages:
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  • Lusengo
  • Budja (C.37) languages
    • Budza
    • Egbuta
  • Ngiri Riverain languages
    • Ngiri Riverain Mongala languages
      • Babango
      • Bwela
      • Motembo-Kunda-Buja
    • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi languages
      • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi-Intérieur languages
        • Boko (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
        • Zamba
        • Likoka languages
          • Bomboli
          • Lobala
      • Ngiri Riverain Ubangi-Ripuaire languages
        • Bobangic languages
          • Mpama
          • Nkutu
          • Ohendo
          • Bobangic Riverain languages
            • Loi-Likila
            • Moi (Congo)
            • Bobangi-Bangala-Lingala languages
              • Bangi
              • Lingala-Bangala languages
        • Libinzic languages
          • Libinza Fleuve languages
            • Mabaale
            • Ndobo
          • Libinza Ngiri languages
            • Balobo
            • Boloki
            • Libinza
            • Litoka
  • Ngiri Terrien languages
    • Bomboma
    • Bamweic languages
      • Bamwe
      • Bozaba
      • Dzando
    • Ngombe-Genja languages
      • Ligenza
      • Ngombe (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
  • Saw languages
    • Bolondo
    • Ndolo
Njebe-Mbete-Teke languages:
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  • Sigu-Njebi languages
    • Sighu
    • Njebi (B.50) languages
      • Vili of Ngounie
      • Ndjavi A languages
        • Njebi
        • Tsaangi
      • Ndjavi B languages
        • Duma
        • Wandji
  • Mbere (B.60) languages
    • Ndumu-Bakanike languages
      • Kaningi
      • Ndumu
    • Tsitsege-Ombamba languages
      • Tchitchege
      • Ombambaic languages
        • Mbere
        • Ngul
        • Ombamba
        • Teke-Tege
  • Teke (B.70) languages
    • Ibali Teke
    • Ngungwel-Eboo languages
      • Ngungwel
      • Teke-Eboo-Nzikou
    • South Teke languages
      • Teke-Fuumu
      • Teke-Kukuya
    • West Teke languages
      • Teke-Tyee
      • Laali-Tsaayi-Yaka languages
        • Teke-Tsaayi
        • Laali-Yaa languages
          • Teke-Laali
          • Yaka (Congo)
Kikongoic languages:
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  • Kikongo macrolanguage [kg]
  • Core Kikongo languages
    • South-Central-East Kikongo languages
      • Eastern Kikongo
      • Koongo-Kituba languages
        • Kituba (Congo)
        • Kituba (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
        • South-Central Kikongo
    • West Kikongo languages
      • Cimbala-Cizali
      • Lumbuic languages
        • Lumbu-Bwisi languages
          • Bwisi
          • Lumbu
        • Ngubi-Sangu-Sira-Punu languages
          • Ngubi
          • Sangu-Sira-Punu languages
            • Punu-Vungu languages
              • Punu
              • Vumbu
            • Sangu-Sira languages
              • Sangu (Gabon)
              • Sira-Barama languages
                • Barama
                • Sira
      • Yombe-Vili languages
        • Vili
        • Yombe
  • Northern Kikongo languages
    • Doondo
    • Kaamba
    • Laari
    • Suundi
    • Kunyi-Beembe languages
      • Beembe
      • Kunyi
Luban languages:
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Njila languages:
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  • Northern Njila languages
  • Southern Njila languages
    • Chokwe-Lunda languages
      • Chokwe-Ngangela-Nyemba (K.20) languages
        • Chokwe-Lwena languages
          • Luvale (or Chiluvale, Lubale, Lovale, Lwena, Luena) [lue]
          • Chokwe (or Ciokwe, Cokwe, Tshokwe, Tschiokwe, Tschiokloe, Djok, Kioko, Quioco, Shioko, Imo) [cjk]
            • Minungo
        • Ngangela-Nyemba languages
          • Luchazi (or Chiluchazi, Lujazi, Lujasi, Lujash, Lutchaz, Lutshase, Luxage, Lucazi, Cujazi, Ponda) [lch]
          • Nkangala (or Ngangala, Cangala) [nkn]
          • Nyemba (Nhemba, Ngangela, Gangela, Ganguela, Ganguella) [nba]
          • Mbwela-Mbunda languages
            • Luimbi (or Chiluimbi, Luimbi, Lwimbi, Luimbe, Lwimbe) [lum]
            • Mbunda (or Mbuunda, Chimbunda, Gimbunda, Kimbunda) [mck]
            • Mbwela (or Mbuela, Ambuela, Ambuella, Mbwela, Mbwera, Shimbwera) [mfu]
      • Ruund-Salampasu languages
        • Salampasu (or Chisalampasu) [slx]
          • Luntu
        • Lunda-Ruund-Kete languages
          • Lunda (or Chilunda) [lun]
            • Humbu
            • Kawiku
            • Kosa
            • Lunda Kalunda
            • Lunda Kambove
            • Lunda Ndembu
            • Ndembu
          • Ruund-Kete languages
            • Kete (or Kikete, Lukete) [kcv]
            • Ruund (or Uruund, Luunda, Luwunda, Northern Lunda, Lunda-Kamboro, Chilu Wunda, Chiluwunda, Muatiamvua) [rnd]
              • Kahemba
              • Kalamb
              • Musumb
              • Wiin-Kaninciin
    • Kunene languages
      • Ndombe (or Dombe) [ndq]
      • Umbundu (or Umbundo, Ovimbundu, Quimbundo, South Mbundu, Mbundu Benguella, M'bundo, Mbali, Mbari, Nano) [umb]
        • Hele
        • Mbalundu
      • Kwangali-Diriku languages
        • Diriku (or Diriko, Gciriku, Rugciriku, Shimbogedu, Mbogedu, Mbogedo) [diu]
        • Kwangali (or Rukwangali, Sikwangali, Kwangali, Kwangari, Kwangare, Cuangar) [kwn]
          • Sambyu
      • Cimbebasia (R) languages
        • Kuvale [olu]
        • Kwandu [xdo]
        • Ngendelengo [nql]
        • Herero (R.30) languages
          • Zemba (or Luzimba, Simba, Chimba, Himba, Otjidhimba, Dhimba, Dimba, Oluthimba, Tjimba) [dhm]
          • Herero [hz]
            • Mbandieru
        • Nyaneka-Nkhumbi languages
          • Nkhumbi (or Nkumbi, Otjingumbi, Ngumbi, Khumbi) [khu]
          • Nyaneka (or Lunyaneka, Nhaneka, Nhaneca) [kyk]
            • Humbe
            • Mwila
        • Ndonga (or Ovambo, Oshiwambo) (R.20) cluster languages
          • Mbalanhu [lnb]
          • Ngandyera (or Ngandjera, Oshingandjera) [nne]
          • Kuanyama [kj]
          • Kwambi-Ndonga languages
            • Kwambi [kwm]
            • Ndonga [ng]
              • Eunda (or Oshiunda)
              • Kolonkadhi (or Oshikolonkadhi)
              • Kwaludhi (or Oshikwaluudhi)
East Bantu languages:
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  • Botatwe languages (see below)
  • Corridor Bantu languages (see below)
  • Enya (D.10) languages
    • Enya [gey]
    • Zimba [zmb]
      • Binja (Zimba)
      • Kwange
      • Mamba (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
      • Semalinga
      • Semulu
  • Kilombero languages
    • Ndamba [ndj]
    • Pogolo [poy]
  • Mbugwe-Langi languages
    • Mbugwe [mgz]
    • Langi (or Rangi) [lag]
      • Haubi
      • Kolo
      • Kondoa
      • Mondo
  • Northeast Savanna Bantu languages
    • Bende-Tongwe languages
    • Sukuma-Nyamwezi (F.20) languages
    • Central Kenya Bantu languages (see below)
    • Great Lakes Bantu languages (see below)
    • Kilimanjaro-Taita languages (see below)
    • Northeast Coastal Bantu languages (see below)
    • Southern Tanzania Highlands Bantu languages (see below)
  • Nyanga-Mituku-Lega languages (see below)
  • Nyaturu-Nilamba languages
    • Isanzu [isn]
    • Nilamba [nim]
      • Iambi
    • Nyaturu
      • Chahi
      • Ginyamunyinganyi
      • Girwana
  • Rufiji-Ruvuma languages (see below)
  • Sabi languages (see below)
  • Shona (S.10) languages (see below)
  • Southern Bantu-Makua languages
    • Chopi (S.60) languages
      • Chopi
      • Gitonga
    • Nguni-Tsonga languages (see below)
    • Sotho-Makua-Venda languages
  • Tumbuka-Sena-Nyanja languages (see below)
Botatwe languages:
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Corridor-Bantu languages:
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Central Kenya Bantu languages:
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  • Eastern Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Dhaiso [dhs]
    • Kamba (Kenya) [kam]
      • Masaku
      • Mumoni
      • North Kitui
      • South Kitui
  • Northern Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Chuka [cuh]
    • Meru [mer]
      • Igembe
      • Igoji
      • Imenti
      • Miutini
      • Nuclear Meru
      • Tigania
    • Tharaka [thk]
      • Gatue
      • Ntugi
      • Nuclear Tharaka
      • Thagichu
  • Western Central Kenya Bantu languages
    • Temi (or Sonjo) [soz]
    • Kikuyu-Embu languages
      • Embu [ebu]
        • Mbeere
        • Nuclear Embu
      • Kikuyu (or Gikuyu) [ki]
        • Gichugu
        • Mathira
        • Ndia
        • Northern Gikuyu
        • Southern Gikuyu
      • Mwimbi-Muthambi [mws]
        • Muthambi
        • Mwimbi
Great Lakes Bantu (J) languages:
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  • Gungu (or Lugungu, Rugungu) [rub]
  • Western Lakes Bantu languages (see below)
  • Greater Luyia languages (see below)
  • East Nyanza languages (see below)
  • West Nyanza (or Nyoro-Ganda) (J.10) languages (see below)
Western Lakes Bantu languages:
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  • Kabwari [kcw]
  • Rwenzori languages
    • Konzo [koo]
      • Rukonjo
      • Sanza
    • Nande [nnb]
      • Ekisongoora
      • Kumbule
      • Mate
      • Nuclear Nande
      • Shu
      • Swaga
      • Tangi
      • Yira
  • Kivu languages
    • Forest Kivu languages
      • Kitembo (or Chitembo, Tembo, Nyabungu) [tbt]
        • Rhinyihinyi
        • Tembo
      • Shi (or Mashi) [shr]
        • Hwindja
        • Lindja
        • Longe-Longe
        • Ziba
      • Hunde-Havu languages
        • Havu (or Haavu, Kihavu) [hav]
        • Hunde (or Kihunde, Kobi, Rukobi) [hke]
      • Fuliiric languages
        • Nyindu [nyg]
        • Fuliiru-Vira languages
          • Fuliiru (or Fuliru, Fulero, Kifuliiru, Kifulero) [flr]
          • Joba (or Kijoba, Loba, Vira, Kivira) [job]
    • West Highlands Kivu languages
Greater Luyia languages:
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  • Logooli (or Llogole, Llugule, Ragoli, Luragoli, Uluragooli, Maragoli, Maragooli) [rag]
  • Nyole (or Lunyole, Nyule, Nyuli) [nuj]
  • Luyia languages
    • Idakho-Isukha-Tiriki [ida]
      • Idakho (or Idaxo, Itakho, Kakamega, Kakumega)
      • Isukha (or Isuxa, Lwisukha)
      • Tiriki
    • Saamia-Wanga-Bukusu languages
      • Bukusuic languages
        • Kabras (or Lukabaras) [lkb]
        • Bukusu (or Lubukusu) [bxk]
          • Nuclear Bukusu
          • Tachoni (Bukusu)
        • Masaaba [myx]
          • Lugisu (or Gishu)
          • Ulubukusu
          • Ulubuya
          • Uludadiri
          • Ulukisu
      • Saamia-Wanga languages
        • Western Luyia languages
          • Khayo (or Olukhayo) [lko]
          • Marachi (or Olumarachi) [lri]
          • Saamia (or Olusamia) [lsm]
          • West Nyala [?]
        • Central Luyia languages
          • East Nyala [nle]
          • Kisa (or Lushisa, Shisa) [lks]
          • Marama (or Olumarama) [lrm]
          • Nyore (or Nyole, Nyoole, Lunyore, Lunyole, Olunyore, Olunyole) [nyd]
          • Tachoni (or Lutachoni) [lts]
          • Tsotso (or Olutsotso) [lto]
          • Wanga (or Oluwanga) [lwg]
East Nyanza languages:
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  • Suguti languages
    • Jita (or Echijita, Ecijita) [jit]
    • Kara (Tanzania) (or Regi) [reg]
    • Kwaya [kya]
      • Ruri
  • Nyanza Mara languages
    • Kabwa [cwa]
    • North Mara languages
      • Gusii (or Ekegusii, Guzii, Kisii, Kosova) [guz]
      • Suba (or Olusuba) [sxb]
      • Kuria (or Kuria, Kurya, Kurye, Igikuria, Ikikuria, Kikuria, Ekiguria, Tende) [kuj]
        • Bugumbe
        • Bukira
        • Nyabasi
      • Suba-Simbiti (or Kisimbiti, Kisuba) [ssc]
        • Hacha
        • Iregi (or Bwirege)
        • Kine
        • Kiroba
        • Rieri
        • Simbiti
        • Surwa
        • Sweta
    • South Mara languages
      • Ikizu (or Ikikizu, Ikikizo, Kiikizu) [ikz]
        • Nuclear Ikizu
        • Sizaki
      • Ngoreme (or Ngruimi, Nguruimi, Ngurimi, Ikingurimi, Dengurume) [ngq]
        • Mwibara
        • Rogoro
      • Zanaki (or Kizanaki, Ikizanaki) [zak]
        • Girango
        • Ndali (Zanaki)
        • Siora
      • Ikoma-Nata-Isenye languages
        • Isenye (or Isenyi, Issenyi, Ikisenyi) [?]
        • Ikoma-Nata [ntk]
          • Ikoma
          • Nata (or Ikinata, Ekinata)
West Nyanza (or Nyoro-Ganda) (J.10) languages:
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  • Kerewe (or Kerebe, Ekikerebe) [ked]
  • Zinza (or Kizinza, Jinja, Zinja, Dzindza, Dzinda, Ecizinza, Echidzindza, Echijinja) [zin]
  • Kula (Tanzania)
  • Longo
  • North Nyanza languages
    • Ganda (or Luganda) [lg]
    • Syan [?]
    • Gwere (or Lugwere, Olugwere) [gwr]
    • Singa (or Lusinga) [sgm]
    • Soga-Kenyi languages
      • Kenyi (or Lukenyi) [lke]
      • Soga (or Lusoga, Olusoga) [xog]
        • Gabula (or Lugabula)
        • Lamogi (or Lulamogi)
        • Tenga (or Lutenga)
  • Rutara languages
    • South Rutara languages
      • Nyambo (or Kinyambo, Ekinyambo, Runyambo, Rukaragwe, Ururagwe, Ragwe, Karagwe) [now]
        • Yakahanga
      • Haya (or Kihaya, Ekihaya, Ruhaya, Ziba) [hay]
        • Bumbira
        • Edangabo
        • Ekiziba
        • Ganda-Kiaka
        • Hamba (Haya)
        • Hangiro
        • Mwani (Haya)
        • Nyakisisa
        • Yoza
    • North Rutara languages
      • Hema (or Kihema, Southern Hema, Congo Nyoro) [nix]
      • Talinga-Bwisi (or Talinga, Kitalinga, Bwissi, Lubwissi, Lubwisi, Olubwisi, Mawissi) [tlj]
      • Ruuli (or Ruli, Ruruli, Luduuli) [ruc]
        • Eastern Ruli
        • Western Ruli
      • Nkore-Kiga-Nyoro-Tooro languages
        • Nkore-Kiga languages
          • Chiga (or Oluchiga, Nkore-Kiga, Kiga, Rukiga, Orukiga, Ciga) [cgg]
          • Nyankole (or Nyankore, Nkole, Runyankole, Runyankore, Ulunyankole, Ulunyankore) [nyn]
            • Hima
            • Hororo
            • Orutagwenda
        • Nyoro-Tooro languages
          • Tooro (or Toro, Rutoro, Rutooro, Orutoro) [ttj]
            • Tuku
          • Nyoro (or Runyoro, Runyoro-Rutooro) [nyo]
            • Orunyoro
            • Rutagwenda
Kilimanjaro-Taita languages:
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Northeast Coastal Bantu languages:
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  • Coastal NEC Bantu languages
    • Mijikenda-Pokomo-Comorian languages
      • Pokomo
      • Comorian Bantu languages
      • Mwali Comorian
      • Ngazidja Comorian
      • Shindzwani-Shimaore languages
      • Mijikenda languages
        • Northern Mijikenda languages
          • Chonyi-Dzihana-Kauma
          • Duruma
          • Giryama
        • Southern Mijikenda languages
          • Digo
          • Segeju
    • Sabaki-Swahili languages
      • Ilwana
      • Mwani
      • Swahili (G.40) languages
        • Chimwiini
        • Mombasa-Lamu-Inland Swahili languages
          • Congo Swahili
          • Cutchi-Swahili
          • Swahili [sw]
  • Pare-Taveta languages
    • Asu (Tanzania)
    • Taveta
  • Ruvu languages
    • Kagulu
    • East Ruvu languages
      • Doe
      • Luguru
      • Central East Ruvu languages
        • Kami (Tanzania)
        • Kwere
        • Kutu-Zaramo languages
          • Kutu
          • Zaramo
    • West Ruvu languages
      • Gogo
      • Seuta languages
        • Bondei-Shambala languages
          • Bondei
          • Shambala
        • Zigua-Nguu languages
          • Ngulu
          • Zigula-Mushungulu
      • Vidunda-Sagala languages
        • Sagala
        • Vidunda
Southern Tanzania Highlands Bantu languages:
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  • Bena-Hehe languages
    • Bena (Tanzania)
    • Hehe
  • Kinga-Magoma languages
    • Kinga
    • Magoma
  • Kisi-Pangwa languages
    • Kisi
    • Pangwa
  • Manda-Ngoni languages
    • Manda-Matumba
    • Ngoni
  • Wanji-Sangu languages
    • Sangu (Tanzania)
    • Vwanji
Nyanga-Mituku-Lega languages:
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Rufiji-Ruvuma languages:
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Sabi languages:
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  • Malungu-Central Sabi languages
    • Bwile [bwc]
    • Central Sabi languages
      • Bemba (M.40) languages
        • Aushi [auh]
        • Bemba (Zambia) [bem]
          • Chishinga
          • Kabende
          • Lembue
          • Lomotua
          • Luunda
          • Mukula (Zambia)
          • Ngoma
          • Ng'umbo
          • Nwesi
          • Town Bemba
          • Twa of Bangweulu
          • Unga (Zambia)
      • Bisa-Lamba (M.50) languages
        • Seba [kdg]
        • Lala-Bisa [leb]
          • Ambo (Lala-Bisa)
          • Bisa
          • Lala (Lala-Bisa)
          • Luano
          • Swaka
          • Wulima
        • Lamba [lam]
          • Lima
          • Nuclear Lamba
    • Taabwa [tap]
      • Shila
  • Nsenga [nse]
    • Ngoni (Nsenga)
    • Nuclear Nsenga
Shona (S.10) languages:
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  • Dema [dmx]
  • Kalanga-Nambya languages
    • Nambya (or Chinambya, Senambya, Senajwa, Nambzya, Nanzva, Najwa) [nmq]
    • Kalanga (or Chikalanga, Tjikalanga, Makalaka, Sekalaka, Kalaka, Kalanga, Sekalaña, Kalana, Kanana, Bakaa, Wakalanga, Western Shona) [kck]
      • Ikalanga
      • Lilima
      • Nyai
      • Peri
      • Talahundra
  • Core Shona languages
    • Ndau (or Chindau, Ndzawu, Njao, Sofala, Southeast Shona) [ndc]
      • Danda
      • Dondo (Ndau)
      • Garwe
      • Nuclear Ndau
      • Shanga (Mozambique)
      • Tonga
    • Plateau Shona languages
      • Tewe (or Teve, Vateve, Wateve, Chiute, Ciute) [twx]
      • Manyika (or Chimanyika, Manika, Bamanyeka, Wamanyika, Wanyika) [mxc]
        • Bocha
        • Bunji (Atlantic-Congo)
        • Bvumba
        • Domba
        • Guta
        • Here
        • Hungwe
        • Jindwi
        • Karombe
        • Nyamuka
        • Nyatwe
        • Unyama
      • Central Shona languages
        • Tawara (or Tawala) [twl]
          • Tawara-Chioco
          • Tawara-Daque
        • Shona (or Chishona) [sn]
          • Hwesa
          • Toko
          • Karanga (Atlantic-Congo)
            • Duma (Karanga)
            • Govera
            • Jena
            • Mhari
            • Ngova
            • Nyubi
          • Korekore
            • Budya
            • Gova
            • Nyongwe
            • Pfunde
            • Shan Gwe
            • Tande
            • Tavara''
          • Zezuru
            • Harava
            • Kachikwakwa
            • Kwazwimba
            • Mbire
            • Njanja
            • Nobvu
            • Nohwe
            • Shawasha
            • Tsunga
Nguni-Tsonga languages:
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Sotho-Makua languages:
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  • North Mozambique Bantu languages
    • Chuwaboic languages
      • Chuwabu
      • Lolo
      • Marenje
      • Takwane
    • Kokola
    • Koti
    • Maindo
    • Makua-Lomwe languages
      • Makhuwa
      • Makhuwa-Marrevone
      • Makhuwa-Meetto
      • Makhuwa-Moniga
      • Makhuwa-Saka
      • Makhuwa-Shirima
      • Lomweic languages
        • Malawi Lomwe
        • Mozambique Lomwe
    • Manyawa
    • Nathembo
  • Sotho-Tswana (S.30) languages
Tumbuka-Sena-Nyanja languages:
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Lebonya languages:
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  • Lengola [lej] (disabled)
  • Nyali-Ndaka-Mbo-Budu-Vanuma languages
    • Belueli [?]
    • Ndaka-Mbo languages
    • Vanuma-Nyali languages
    • Budu [buu] (disabled)
      • Bafwakoyi
      • East Bafwangada
      • Ineta
      • Mahaa
      • Makoda
      • Malamba
      • Wadimbisa
      • West Bafwangada
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Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Mande family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
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  • Eastern Mande languages
  • Western Mande languages
    • Northwestern Mande languages (see below)
    • Manding-Kpelle languages
Bisa-Busa languages:
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  • Bissa [bib]
    • Baraka
    • Barka (Burkina Faso)
    • Lebir
    • Lere (Burkina Faso)
  • Samo-Busa languages
    • Busan languages
      • Boko-Busa languages
        • Boko (Benin) (or Bokonya, Bokko) [bqc]
        • Bokobaru (or Busa-Bokobaru, Zongben) [bus]
          • Kaiama
          • Village Bokobaru
        • Busa (or Bisayã, Busano, Busa-Bisã, Bisã, Bussanchi) [bqp]
          • Illo
          • New Busa
          • Wawa (Nigeria)
      • Kyenga-Shanga languages
        • Kyenga (or Tyenga, Tyanga, Kenga, Cenka) [tye]
        • Shanga (or Shonga, Shongawa, Shangawa) [sho]
    • Mande Samo languages
      • Matya Samo (or Tougan, West Central Goe) [stj]
      • Maya Samo (or Northeastern Samo, Somono, Sa) [sym]
        • Bangassogo
        • Bounou
        • Gomboro
        • Kiembara
      • Southern Samo [sbd]
        • Toma (Eastern Mande)
Southeastern Mande languages:
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  • Nwa-Ben languages
    • Gbin (†) [xgb]
    • Ben-Gban languages
      • Gban (or Gagou, Gagu, Kagu, Kago) [ggu]
        • Bokabo
        • Bokwa (Mande)
        • N’da
        • Tuka
      • Bengic languages
        • Beng (or Ngain, Ngan, Ngen, Ngin, Nguin, Ben) [nhb]
        • Ngen of Djonkro [gnj]
    • Wan-Mwan languages
      • Mwan (or Mona, Mouan, Muan, Muana) [moa]
      • Wan (or Nwa, Van) [wan]
        • Kemu
        • Miamu
  • Mano-Dan languages
    • Mann (or Maa, Mano, Mawe) [mev]
    • Guro-Dan languages
      • Dan-Toura languages
        • Dan (or Yacouba, Gio) [daf]
          • Kla-Dan
          • Nuclear Dan
            • Eastern Dan
              • Bia Dan
              • Blong Dan
              • Gaan Dan
              • Gama Dan
              • Gbapen
              • Gblee Dan
              • Gwaan Dan
              • Gweetaawu
              • Kaa Dan
              • Saan Dan
              • Sleng Dan
              • Tee Dan
              • Yii Dan
              • Yoon Dan
            • Western Dan
              • Blowo
              • Dhoo Dan
              • Ka Dan
              • Loo Dan
              • Lower Gio
              • River Cess Gio
              • Upper Gio
              • Vain Dan
              • Wao Dan
              • West Yacouba Dan
              • Yizue
        • Toura-Goo languages
          • Goo [?]
          • Toura (Côte d'Ivoire) [neb]
            • Boo
            • Guse
            • Gwéò
            • Naò
            • Wáádú
            • Yiligele
      • Guro-Yaoure languages
        • Guro [goa]
        • Yaouré (or Yaure, Yohowré, Youré) [yre]
          • Bhoo
          • Klan
          • Taan
          • Yaan
          • Yoo
Northwestern Mande languages:
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  • Soninke-Bozo languages
    • Soninkean languages
      • Sininkere (or Silanke, Silinkere) [skq]
      • Soninke (or Soninké, Aswanik, Diawara, Maraka, Sarahole, Sarakole, Silabe, Toubakai, Wakore, Walpre) [snk]
        • Azer
        • Gadyaga
        • Kinbakka
        • Xenqenna
    • Bozo languages
      • Hainyaxo Bozo (or Kelenga, Kélinga, Xan, Xanyaxo) [bzx]
      • Nuclear Bozo languages
        • Jenaama Bozo (or Corogaama, Djenaama, Gbunde, Nononke, Sarkanci, Sarkawa, Sorko, Sorogama) [bze]
          • Débo
          • Korondougou
          • Kotya
          • Pondori
        • Ti-Bozo languages
          • Tiemacèwè Bozo (or Tièma Cièwè, Tié) [boo]
          • Tiéyaxo Bozo (or Tiemaxo, Tigemaxo, Tégué) [boz]
  • Duun-Bobo languages
    • Northern Bobo Madaré (or Konabéré) [bbo]
      • Jèrè
      • Kukoma
      • Kure
      • Sankuma
      • Tankri
      • Yaba
    • Southern Bobo Madaré (or Bobo Fi, Bobo Fing, Sya) [bwq]
      • Benge
      • Sogokiré
      • Sya
      • Syabéré
      • Voré
      • Zara
Southwest Mande languages:
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  • Kpelle languages
    • Guinea Kpelle [gkp]
    • Kono (Guinea) [knu]
    • Liberia Kpelle [xpe]
  • Mende-Loma languages
    • Loma languages
      • Toma [tod]
      • Loma (Liberia) [lom]
        • Buluyiema
        • Bunde
        • Gizima
        • Wubomei
        • Ziema
    • Mende-Bandi languages
      • Bandi-Zialo languages
        • Zialo [zil]
        • Bandi [bza]
          • Hasala
          • Hembeh
          • Lukasa
          • Tahamba
          • Wawana
          • Wulukoha
      • Mende-Loko languages
        • Mende (Sierra Leone) [men]
          • Ko (Sierra Leone)
          • Kpa (Sierra Leone)
          • Sewawa
          • Waanjama
        • Loko [lok]
          • Buya (Loko)
          • Gbendembu
          • Koya (Mande)
          • Laia
          • Libisegahun
          • Magbiambo
          • Nagbanmba
          • Ngoahu
          • Ribbi
          • Sanda
Central Mande languages:
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  • Susu-Yalunka languages
    • Susu (or Soussou, Soso, Susse, Susoo) [sus]
    • Yalunka (or Dialonké, Dyalonke, Jalonké, Kjalonke) [yal]
      • Firia
      • Musaia
      • Sulima
  • Manding-Jogo languages
    • Manding-Vai languages
    • Jogo-Jeri languages
      • Jeri languages
        • Jalkunan [bxl]
        • Jeli [jek]
      • Jogo languages
        • Tonjon [tjn]
        • Ligbi [lig]
          • Atumfuor
          • Bungase
          • Dwera
          • Gyogo
          • Hwela
          • Ntoleh
Nuclear-Mokole languages:
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  • Mixifore [mfg]
  • Lele (Guinea) [llc]
    • Kassadou Lele
    • Kounte Lele
    • Tangalto Lele
    • Yombiro Lele
  • Kakabe [kke]
    • Kuru-Maninka
    • Wurekaba Maninka
    • Central-Northwestern Kakabe
      • Central Kakabe
      • Kankalabe
  • Kuranko [knk]
    • Barrawa
    • Mankaliya
    • Mongo (Kuranko)
    • Ney
    • Nieni
    • Sambaya
    • Sengbe
Manding languages:
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  • N’Ko [nqo]
  • East Manding languages (see below)
  • West Manding languages
    • Mandinka (or Mandinga, Mandinkokan) [mnk]
    • Kita-Kagoro languages
      • Kagoro (or Kakolo) [xkg]
      • Kita Maninkakan (or Central Malinke) [mwk]
        • Fulanke
    • Xasonka languages
      • Jahanka (or Diakhanke), Dyakanke, Jahanque, Jahonque [jad]
      • Xaasongaxango (or Kasso, Kasson, Chassonke, Xasonke, Xasonga) [kao]
      • Western Maninkakan (or Western Malinke, Western Maninka) [mlq]
        • Kenieba Maninka
        • Nyoxolonkan
East Manding languages:
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  • Bambara (or Bamanakan) [bm]
    • Beledugu
    • Ganadugu
    • San
    • Segou
    • Sikasso
    • Somono
    • Standard Bambara
  • Bolon (or Boka, Bo) [bof]
    • Black Bolon
    • White Bolon
  • Dyula (or Dioula, Diula, Djula, Jula) [dyu] (disabled)
    • Dioula Véhiculaire
    • Kong Jula
    • Tagboussikan
  • Marka (or Dafing, Dafin, Meka) [rkm]
    • Gassan
    • Nouna
    • Safané
  • Manenkan languages
    • Konyanka Maninka (or Konianka, Konya) [mku]
    • Manya (or Mandingo, Manya Kan) [mzj]
    • Sankaran Maninka (or Faranah, Sankarankan) [msc]
    • Eastern Maninkakan [emk]
      • Amana
      • Koulounkalan
      • Wasulu
  • Maninka-Mori languages
    • Mahou (or Mahu, Maou, Mau, Mauka, Mauke) [mxx]
      • Baralaka
      • Finanga
      • Koroka
      • Mahouka
      • Tenenga
    • Wojenaka (or Malinké, Odiennekakan, Odienné Jula) [jod]
      • Bodougouka
      • Nafana
      • Odienneka
      • Sienkoka
      • Toudougouka
      • Vandougouka
      • Wasulu (Wojenaka)
    • Worodougou (or Bakokan) [jud]
      • Kanika
      • Karanjan
      • Worodougouka
    • Koro-Koyaga languages
      • Koro (Côte d'Ivoire) (or Koro Jula) [kfo]
      • Koyaga (or Koya, Koyaa, Koyaga Jula, Koyagakan) [kga]
        • Nigbi
        • Nuclear Koyaga
        • Sagaka
        • Siaka

Nilo-Saharan languages (?)

Note: The language groups marked with (?), including the Nilo-Saharan family itself, are those most frequently described and proposed today, but they are still uncertain because some groups may eventually belong to another family.
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  • Gule (or Anej, Fecakomodiyo, Hamej) (†) [gly]
  • Shabo (or Chabu, Mikeyir) [sbf]
  • Koman languages
    • Kwama (or Qewama, Takwama, T’wa Kwama, Koma of Asosa, Gwama, Gogwama, Goma, North Koma, Mao, Afan Mao, Amam, Nokanoka) [kmq]
    • Opuuo-Twampa-Komo languages
      • T’apo (or Opuo, Opuuo, Opúo, Opo, Opo-Shita, Shita, Shitta, Shiita, Ciita, Cita, Ansita, Kina, Kwina, Langa) [lgn]
        • Buldit
        • Kusgilo
      • Twampa-Komo languages
        • Uduk (or Othan, Twampa, Kwanim Pa, Kebeirka, Korara, Kumus, Burun) [udu]
        • Komo (Sudan) (or Como, Koma, Central Koma, South Koma, Gokwom, Hayahaya, Madiin) [xom]
          • Koma of Begi
          • Koma of Daga
          • Beilla
          • Chali
  • Gumuz languages
    • Daats’iin-Southern Gumuz languages
      • Daats’iin [dtn]
      • Southern Gumuz [?]
    • Northern Gumuz [guk]
      • Agalo
      • Dakunza
      • Dekoka
      • Dewiya
      • Disoha
      • Gombo
      • Guba
      • Jemhwa
      • Kukwaya
      • Modea
      • Sai
      • Sese (Gumuz)
      • Sirba
      • Wenbera
      • Yaso
      • Mandura-Dibate-Metemma
        • Dibate
        • Mandura
        • Metemma
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  • Nyimang languages
    • Afitti (or Affiti, Affitti, Dinik, Ditti, Unietti) [aft]
    • Ama (Sudan) (or Ama-nosa, nOsa, Nyima, Nyiman, Nyimang, Inyimang) [nyi]
  • Northern "K" Eastern Sudanic (NNT) languages"
    • Nara (or Nera, Barea, Barya) [nrb]
    • Nubian languages (see below)
    • Taman languages (see below)
  • Southern "N" Eastern Sudanic (or En Sudanic, Kir-Abbaian) languages"
Nubian languages:
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  • Nobiin Nubian languages
    • Old Nubian (†) [onw]
    • Nobiin (or Nubi, Nile Nubian, Sukot, Mahas-Fiyadikkya, Mahas-Fadidja, Mahas-Fiadidja, Fiadidja-Mahas) [fia]
      • Mahas
      • Fiyadikka (or Fiyadikkya, Fadicca, Fadicha, Fadija, Fiadidja, Fadidja, Fedija, Fedicca)
  • West-Central Nubian languages
    • Midob (Meidob, Midob, Midobi, Tid, Tid-N-Aal, Tidda) [mei]
      • Kaageddi
      • Shelkota
      • Urrti
    • Central Nubian languages
      • Birked (or Birqed, Birgid, Birguid, Birkit, Kajjara, Murgi) (†) [brk]
      • Haraza (†) [?]
      • Kenuzi-Dongola (or Aswan Nubian) languages [kzh] (disabled)
        • Andaandi (or Dongola, Dongolawi, Dongolese, Dongolese Nubian, Upper Aswan Nubian, Sudanese Aswan Nubian) [dgl]
        • Kenuzi (or Kenzi, Kunuz Nubian, Mattoki, Lower Aswan Nubian, Egyptian Aswan Nubian) [xnz]
      • Kordofan Nubian (or Kordofanian, Ajang, Hill Nubian) languages
        • Western Kordofan Nubian languages
          • El Hugeirat (or El Hagarat) [elh]
          • Karko (Sudan) (or Garko, Kithonirishe) [kko]
          • Wali (Sudan) (or Walari, Walarishe) [wll]
          • Dilling (or Dillingo, Delen, Warki, Warkimbe) [dil]
            • Debri
            • Nuclear Dilling
        • Eastern Kordofan Nubian languages
          • Dair (or Daier, Thaminyi) [drb]
          • Uncunwee (or Wuncimbe, Wunci, Ghulfan, Gulfan) [ghl]
          • Kadaru (or Kaderu, Kadero, Kadaro, Kodoro, Kodhin, Kodhinniai) [kdu]
            • Dabatna
            • Kafir
            • Kuldaji (or Koldagi)
            • Kurtala
            • Kururu
            • Nuclear Kadaru
Taman languages:
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Eastern Nilotic languages:
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  • Bari-Kakwa-Mandari languages
    • Kakwa (or Bari Kakwa, Kakwak, Kwakwak, Kakua) [keo]
    • Mandari (or Mondari, Mundari, Shir, Chir, Kir) [mqu]
    • Bari (or Nil-Bari, Beri) [bfa]
      • Kuku (or Kukú)
      • Ligo
      • Nyangbara
      • Nyepu
      • Pöjulu
  • Teso-Lotuxo-Maa languages
    • Teso-Turkana languages
      • Teso (or Ateso, Etossio, Bakedi, Bakidi, Elgumi, Ikumama, Wamia) [teo]
      • Turkanic languages
        • Nyangatom (or Inyangatom, Ngiangatom, Dongiro, Donyiro, Idongiro) [nnj]
        • Karamojong (or Karimojong, Karimonjong) [kdj]
          • Dodos
          • Jie
          • Nuclear Karamojong
        • Toposa (or Topotha, Taposa, Akara, Kare, Kumi) [toq]
          • Eastern Toposa
          • Jiye
          • Western Toposa
        • Turkana (or Buma, Bume) [tuv] (disabled)
          • Northern Turkana
          • Southern Turkana
    • Lotuxo-Maa languages
      • Lotuxo languages
        • Dongotono (or Lorwama) [ddd]
        • Lango (Sudan) (or Langgo, Logiri) [lno]
        • Lokoya (or Lokoiya, Lokoja, Loquia, Koyo, Owoi, Lowoi, Loirya, Oirya, Ellyria, Oxoriok, Oxoryok) [lky]
        • Lopit (Loppit, Lopid, Lofit, Lafit, Lafite, Lafiit) [lpx]
        • Otuho (or Otuxo, Lotuho, Lotuxo, Lotuko, Lotuka, Latuka, Lattuka, Latooka, Latuko, Lowudo, Olotorit) [lot]
          • Koriok
          • Logiri
          • Logotok
          • Lomya
          • Lorwama
          • Lowudo
      • Ongamo-Maa languages
        • Ngasa (or Nisgha, Nass-Gitksan, Ongamo, Shaka) [nsg]
        • Nuclear Maa languages
          • Samburu (or Sambur, Sampur, Burkeneji, E Lokop, Lokop, Nkutuk) [saq]
            • Chamus
          • Masai (or Maasai, Kimaasai, Maa, Lumbwa, Oigob) (†) [mas]
            • Arusa
            • Damat
            • Iloodokilani
            • Kaputiei
            • Keekonyokie
            • Kisonko
            • Kore
            • Laitokitok
            • Loitai
            • Matapo
            • Moitanik
            • Parakuyo
            • Purko
            • Siria
Southern Nilotic languages:
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  • Tatoga-Omotik languages
    • Omotik [mwy]
      • Suiei
    • Gemein Datooga languages
      • Biyanjiida
      • North-Central Datooga languages
        • Buraadiiga [?]
        • Isimjeega-Rootigaanga [?]
          • Isimjeega
          • Rootigaanga
        • Barabayiiga-Gisamjanga [tcc]
          • Bajuta of the Eyassi
          • Barabayiiga
          • Gidang’oodiga of Simhha
          • Gisamjanga
  • Kalenjin [kln] macro-language (disabled)
    • Northern Kalenjin languages
    • Okiek-Akie languages
      • Akie [mwy]
        • Dorobo
      • Okiek [oki] (disabled)
        • Nuclear Okiek
        • Sogoo
        • Suiei (Okiek)
    • Central Kalenjin languages
    • Elgon-Mau Kalenjin languages
      • Kupsabiny [kpz]
        • Mbai
        • Sabiny (or Sapei, Sebei)
        • Sor
      • Sabaot [spy] (disabled)
        • Bong’omeek
        • Book
        • Koony
Dinka-Nuer languages:
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  • Nuer-Reel languages
    • Reel (or Thok Cieng Reel, Atuot, Atwot) [atu]
    • Nuer (or Naadh, Naath) [nus]
      • Abigar
      • Cien
      • Dor
      • Eastern Jikany
      • Eastern Nuer
      • Lou (Nilotic)
      • Nyuong
      • Thiang
      • Thognaath
      • Western Jikany
  • Dinka languages (macrolanguage) [din]
Luo-Burun languages:
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  • Burun (or Borun, Barun, Cai, Lange) [bdi]
    • Abuldugu
    • Maiak
    • Mufwa
    • Mughaja
    • Ragreig
  • Mabaan-Jumjum languages
    • Jumjum (or Berin, Olga, Wadega) [jum]
    • Mabaan (or Maaban, Maban, Meban, Southern Burun, Barga, Gura, Tonko, Tungan, Ulu) [mfz]
  • Northern Lwoo languages
    • Belanda Bor (or Bor-Belanda, De Bor, Bor) [bxb]
    • Luwo (or Lwo, Dhe Luwo, Dhe Lwo, Jo Lwo, Jur Luo, Jur Luwo, Jur Lwo, Jur, Giur) [lwo]
    • Päri (or Lokoro) [lkr]
    • Shilluk (or Šilluk, Shulla, Chulla, Colo, Dhocolo) [shk]
    • Thuri (or Wada Thuri, Dhe Thuri, Jo Thuri, Shatt) [thu]
      • Bodho
      • Colo
      • Manangeer
    • Anuak (or Anyuak, Anywa, Anywak, Dho Anywaa, Jambo, Yambo, Yembo, Bar, Burjin, Miroy, Moojanga, Nuro) [anu]
      • Adoyo
      • Coro
      • Lul
      • Opëno
  • Southern Lwoo languages
    • Acoli (or Dhopaluo, Labwor, Nyakwai) [ach]
    • Lango-Kumam languages
    • Kumam (or Kuman, Kumum, Akum, Akokolemu, Ikokolemu, Ikumama) [kdi]
    • Lango (Uganda) (or Langi, Leb-Lano, Lwo, Lwoo) [laj]
    • Adhola-Alur-Luo languages
      • Alur (or Dho Alur, Jo Alur, Luri, Lur, Alulu, Alua, Aloro) [alz]
        • Jokot
        • Jonam
        • Mambisa
        • Wanyoro
      • Adhola-Luo languages
        • Adhola (or Dhopadhola, Jopadhola, Jopadhɔla, Ludama) [adh]
        • Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) (or Dholuo, Luo-Kavirondo, Kavirondo Luo, Nilotic Kavirondo, Kavirondo) [luo]
Daju languages:
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Eastern Jebel languages:
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Surmic languages:
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Temein languages:
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  • Kunama [kun]
  • Maban languages
    • Mimi of Nachtigal (or Mimi-N) (†) [?]
    • Maban proper languages
      • Kenjeje (or Kendeje) [klf]
        • Yaali
        • Faranga
      • Masalit languages
        • Surbakhal [sbj]
        • Masalit (or Nuclear Masalit, Masala) [mls]
        • Masara (or Massalat) [mdg]
      • Aiki (or Runga-Kitbet) languages
        • Runga (or Roungo) [rou]
        • Kibet (or Kibeit, Kibeet, Kabentang) [kie]
          • Dagal (or Dagel, Daggal)
          • Muru (or Murru, Muro, Mourro)
      • Mabang languages
        • Karanga [kth]
        • Marfa [mvu]
        • Bura Mabang (or Mabang, Maba) [mde]
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  • Lenduic languages (see below)
  • Membi-Mangbutu-Efe languages (see below)
  • Moru-Madi languages (see below)
  • Sara-Bongo-Bagirmi languages (see below)
  • Mangbetu-Asua languages
    • Lombi (or Lumbi, Rombi, Rumli, Odyalombito) [lmi]
    • Mangbetuic languages
      • Asoa (or Asua, Asuae, Asuati, Aka) [asv]
      • Mangbetu (or Amangbetu, Nemangbetu, Mangbettu, Mambetto, Kingbetu) [mdj]
        • Makere
        • Malele
        • Meje
        • Nuclear Mangbetu
        • Popoi
Lenduic languages:
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  • Ngiti (or Kingiti, Ngeti, Kingeti, Bindi, Ndruna, Druna, Dru, Lendu-Sud) [niy]
    • Central Ngiti
    • Northern Ngiti
    • Southern Ngiti
  • Bale languages
    • Lendu (or Kilendu, Balendru, Bale, aletha, Bbaledha, Bbadha, Batha, Hema-Nord, Kihema-Nord) [led]
      • Central Lendu
        • Pidha
        • Rrkphadha
      • Southern Lendu
        • Djadha
        • Tadha
    • Ndrulo [dno]
      • Ddralo
      • Njawlo
Membi-Mangbutu-Efe languages:
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  • Birri [bvq]
    • Mboto
    • Munga
  • Ndo [ndp]
  • Avari
  • Membi
  • Oke’bu
  • Mangbutu-Efe languages
    • Mamvu (or Tengo) [mdi]
      • Amengi
      • Nuclear Mamvu
    • Mangbutu (or Mangu-Ngutu, Mombuttu, Wambutu) [mdk]
      • Andinai
      • Angwe
      • Makutana
    • Leseic languages
      • Bendi (or Mabendi, Mabeni) [bct]
      • Efe [efe]
      • Mvuba (or Mvuba-A, Bamvuba, Bambuba, Mbuba, Obiye) [mxh]
      • Lese (or Lesa, Lesse, Lissi, Balese, Walese, Walisi, Mbuti) [les]
        • Arumbi (or Upstream Lese)
        • Fare
        • Lese Karo
        • Ndese (or Lese Dese)
        • Vukutu (or Vonkutu, Obi)
Moru-Madi languages:
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  • Central Moru-Madi languages (see below)
  • Moru (or Kala Moru) [mgd]
    • Agi (Moru)
    • Andri
    • ’Bali’ba
    • Kadiro
    • Lakama’di
    • Miza
    • Moruwa’di
  • Southern Moru-Madi languages
    • Olu’bo (or Lolubo, Lulubo, Luluba, Olubogo, Oluboti, Ondoe) [lul]
    • Southern Ma’di [snm]
      • Ogoko
      • Okollo
      • Rigbo
    • Ma’di (or Madi, Ma’adi, Ma’diti) [mhi]
      • Adjumani (or Oyuwi)
      • Burulo
      • Lokai
      • Moyo
      • Pandikeri
Central Moru-Madi languages:
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  • Aringa (or Low Lugbara) [luc]
  • Avokaya (or Abukeia, Avokaya, Avukaya) [avu]
    • Ajugu (or Ajigu, Agamoru, Adjiga, Ojiga)
    • Avokaya Pur
    • Northern Ogambi
    • Ojila (or Odzila, Odziliwa)
  • Logo (or Logoti) [log]
    • Bari (Logo)
    • Bhagira (or Bagela)
    • Doka (Congo)
    • Lolya
    • Obilebha (or Obileba, Obelebha)
    • Ogambi (or Ogamaru, Northern Logo)
  • Lugbara (or Logbara, High Lugbara) [lgg]
    • Abedju-Azaki
    • Aluru
    • Arua (or Standard Lugbara)
    • Lu (Uganda)
    • Maracha
    • Nio
    • Otsho
    • Terego (or Biliafe, Omugo)
    • Zaki
  • Kalikoic languages
    • Omi (or Kaliko-Omi) [omi]
    • Keliko (or Kaliko, Kaliko-Ma’di, Ma’di, Maditi) [kbo]
      • Didi
      • Dogo
      • Eastern Keliko
      • Western Keliko
Sara-Bongo-Bagirmi languages:
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  • Sinyar (or Sinya, Symiarta, Zimirra, Shemya, Shamya, Shamyan, Taar Shamyan) [sys]
  • Baka-Beli languages (see below)
  • SBB Occidental languages (see below)
  • Bongo (or Bungu, Dor) [bot]
    • Bungo
    • Busere Bongo
    • Tonj Bongo
Baka-Beli languages:
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  • Baka (Sudan) (or Baaka, Tara Baaka, Tara Baka) [bdh]
  • Morokodo-Beli languages
    • Beli (Sudan) (or ’Beli, Behli, Beili, Jur Beli) [blm]
      • Bahri Girinti
      • Sopi (Sudan)
      • Wulu
    • Lori languages
      • Jur Modo (or Jur Mödö, Jur) [bex]
        • Modo (or Mödö)
        • Wetu
        • Wira
      • Nyamusa-Molo [nwm]
        • Molo (Nyamusa-Molo)
        • Nyamusa
    • Gberi-Morokodo-Mittu languages
      • Mittu [mwu]
      • Mo’da (or Moda, Muda, Gberi, Gweri, Gbara) [gbn]
      • Morokodo (or Morocodo, Ma’di) [mgc]
        • Biti
        • Ma’du
        • Nuclear Morokodo
SBB Occidental languages:
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  • Keiga [kec]
    • Demik (or Rofik)
    • Nuclear Keiga
      • Aigang
      • Yega
      • Keiga
        • Keiga-Al-Kheil
        • Keiga-Timero
  • Central-Western Kadugli-Krongo languages
    • Tulishi (or Thulishi, Kuntulishi, Tuleshi, Tulesh) [tey]
      • Dar El Kabira
      • Kamda
      • Nuclear Tulishi
    • Katcha-Kadugli-Miri-Kanga languages
    • Krongo-Tumtum languages
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  • Eastern Saharan languages
    • Berti (†) [byt]
    • Beria (or Beri-Aa, Beri, Berri, Merida, Zagawa, Zaghawa, Zagaoua, Zeggaoua, Zeghawa, Zorhaua, Soghaua, Zauge, Kebadi, Kuyuk) [zag]
      • Kube
      • Tuba
      • Wagi
        • Anka
        • Dor (Saharan)
        • Kobe
  • Western Saharan languages
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  • Eastern Songhay (or Songay Senni) languages
  • Northwest Songhay languages
    • Koyra Chiini Songhay (or Koyra Chiini, Timbuktu Songhoy, West Songhoy) [khq]
      • Djenné Chiini
      • Koyra Chiini
    • Northern Songhay languages
      • Korandje (or Kwarandzyey, Belbali, Tabelbala, lbəlbaliyya) [kcy]
      • Tadaksahak (or Dawsahaq, Dausahaq, Daosahaq, Daoussahaq, Daoussak) [dsq]
      • Tasawaq (or Tasawa, Ingelshi) [twq]
      • Tagdal (or Niger Songhay) [tda]
        • Air
        • Azawagh

North Caucasian languages

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Dargwic languages:
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Avar-Andic-Tsezic languages:
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  • Avar [av]
    • Ancux
    • Andalal-Gxdatl
    • Bacadin
    • Batlux
    • Hid
    • Karax
    • Kaxib
    • Keleb
    • Kunzakh
    • Salatav
    • Shulanin
    • Untib
    • Zakataly
    • Zaqatala
  • Tsezic languages
    • East Tsezic languages
      • Hunzib (or Gunzib, Enzeb, Khunzal, Khunzaly, Xunzal) [huz] (disabled)
      • Bezhta (or Kapucha, Kapuchin, Kupuca, Bezhta, Bezheta, Bezhita, Bejila, Bexita, Bezhti, Bechitin) [kap] (disabled)
        • Khocharkhotin
        • Nuclear Bezhta
        • Tlyadaly
    • West Tsezic languages
      • Hinuq (or Hinukh, Hinux, Hinuj, Ginukh, Ginukhtsy, Ginux, Guang) [gin] (disabled)
      • Khwarshi-Inkhoqwari [khv] (disabled)
        • Inxokvari (or Inkhokvari)
        • Xvarshi (or Khvarshi, Khvarshin, Javarsí)
      • Tsez (Tsezy, Cez, Dido, Didoi, Tsuntin) [ddo] (disabled)
        • Sagadin
  • Andic languages
    • Akhvakh (or Ajvaj, Axvax) [akv] (disabled)
    • Andi (or Andii, Andiy, Qwannab) [ani] (disabled)
      • Gagatl
      • Kvanxidatl
      • Munin
      • Rikvani
      • Zilo
    • Chamalal (or Camalal, Chamalin) [cji] (disabled)
      • Gadyri
      • Gakvari
      • Gigatl
    • Karata (or Karata, Karatai, Karatay, Karatin, Kirdi) [kpt] (disabled)
      • Anchix
      • Tokita
    • Bagvalal-Tindi languages
      • Tindi (or Idarab mittsi, Tindal, Tindi, Tindin) [tin] (disabled)
      • Bagvalal (or Bagwalal, Bagulal, Bagvalin, Barbalin, Kvanada, Kvanadin) [kva] (disabled)
        • Tlisi
    • Botlikh-Godoberi languages
      • Godoberi (or Ghodoberi, Godoberin, Gibdilyi Micci) [gdo] (disabled)
      • Botlikh (or Botlix, Botlij, Bujxali Micci) [bph] (disabled)
        • Nuclear Botlikh
        • Zibirkhalin
Lezgic languages:
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Northwest Caucasian (or Abkhaz-Circassian) languages:
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Otomanguean languages

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  • Western Otomanguean languages
    • Tlapanec-Manguean languages (see below)
    • Otopame-Chinantecan languages
      • Chinantecan (or Chinanteco, Chinanteko, Juujmii, Jujmi, Jumi, Jmii’) languages (see below)
      • Otopamean languages (see below)
  • Eastern Otomanguean languages
    • Amuzgo-Mixtecan languages
      • Mixtecan languages (see below)
      • Amuzgoan (or Amusgoan, Amuzgo, Amusgo) languages
        • Guerrero Amuzgo (or Nomndaa) [amu] (disabled)
        • Ipalapa Amuzgo (or Amuzgo de Santa María Ipalapa) [azm] (disabled)
        • San Pedro Amuzgos Amuzgo (or Amuzgo de San Pedro Amuzgos) [azg] (disabled)
    • Popoloca-Zapotecan languages
      • Zapotecan languages (see below)
      • Popolocan-Mazatecan languages
        • Ixcatec (or Ixcateco, Iscateko) [ixc] (disabled)
        • Chocho-Popolocan languages
          • Chocholtec [coz] (disabled)
          • Popolocan languages (see below)
          • Mazatecan languages (see below)
Tlapanec-Manguean languages
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  • Manguean languages
    • Chiapanec (or Chaipanec, Chiapaneco, Chiapaneko) [cip] (disabled)
    • Mangue (or Mange, Monimbo, Choluteca, Chorotega) [mom] (disabled)
      • Diria (or Dirian)
      • Jinotepe-Nindirí
      • Nagrandan (or Nagranda)
      • Nicoya
      • Orisi
      • Orotiña
  • Subtiaba-Tlapanec (or Tlapanec, Tlappanec, Tlapaneco, Tlapaneko, Tlapaneca) languages
    • Subtiaba (or Sutiaba, Tlapaneco-Sutiaba, Tlapaneco de Tlacoapa) [sut] (disabled)
    • Mephaa (or Me’phaa) languages
      • Azoyú Me’phaa [?]
      • North-Central Mephaa (or Guerrero) languages
        • Malinaltepec Me’phaa (or Eastern Tlapanec, Mañuwíìn) [tcf] (disabled)
          • Huizapula-Zapotitlán Tablas (or Águàá-Xìrágáá)
          • Malinaltepec (or Malinaltepec Tlapanec, Huizapula)
          • Zilacayotitlán (or Tsírà’khàmájíín)
        • West-Central Mephaa (or Western Tlapanec) languages
          • Tlacoapa Me’phaa (or Tlacoapa Tlapanec, Mínguíín) [tpl] (disabled)
          • Acatepec Me’phaa (or Western Tlapanec, Me’pa Wí’ìn) [tpx] (disabled)
            • Acatepec
            • Platanillo
            • Zapotitlán Tablas
Chinantecan (or Chinanteco, Chinanteko, Jajme, Jejmei, Jejmi, Juujmii, Jujmi, Jumi, Jmii’) languages
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  • Chinantec Group V (or Chinanteco de la Sierra, Jmiih Dzä Mo’) languages
    • Comaltepec Chinantec [cco] (disabled)
    • Quiotepec Chinantec (or Highland Chinantec, Highland East Cushtic) [chq] (disabled)
      • Yolox Chinanteco
  • Central-Eastern Chinantec (or Jajme Dzä Mii, Jmiih Kia' Dzä Mii) languages
    • Southeastern Chinantec languages
      • Chinantec Group III languages
        • Valle Nacional Chinantec (or Chinanteco de Valle Nacional) [cvn] (disabled)
        • Ozumacín Chinantec (or Upper Southeastern Chinantec, Jumi Dsa Mojai) [chz] (disabled)
          • Ayotzintepec (or Chinanteco de Ayotzintepec)
      • Chinantec Group IV languages
        • Lalana Chinantec (or Chinanteco de San Juan Lalana, Jujmi Dsa Maji’i) [cnl] (disabled)
        • Lealao Chinantec (or Chinanteco de San Juan Lealao, Jajme Dzä Mii, Jmiih Kia’ Dzä Mii) [cle] (disabled)
        • Tepinapa Chinantec (or Middle Southeastern Chinantec, Chinanteco del Sureste Medio, Jujmi del Sureste Medio) [cte] (disabled)
    • Northwestern Chinantec languages
      • Chinantec Group II languages
        • Palantla Chinantec (or Palantla Chinanteko, Chinanteco de Santiago Tlatepusco) [cpa] (disabled)
        • Tepetotutla Chinantec (or Lower West-Central Chinantec, Chinanteco del Oeste Central Bajo, Jajmi Dzä Kï Ï’) [cnt] (disabled)
      • Chinantec Group I languages
        • Ojitlán Chinantec (or Ojitlán Chinanteko, Chinanteco del Norte, Jujmi del Norte, Jmiih Kia’ Dzä ’Vï Ï) [chj] (disabled)
        • Sochiapam Chinantec [] (disabled)
        • Usila Chinantec [] (disabled)
        • Tlacoatzintepec-Chiltepec languages
          • Chiltepec Chinantec [] (disabled)
          • Tlacoatzintepec Chinantec [] (disabled)
Otopamean languages
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  • Chichimeca-Jonaz (or Pame de Chichimeca-Jonaz, Jonaz, Chichimec, Chichimeca, Chichimeco, Meco) [pei] (disabled)
  • Otomian languages (see below)
  • Matlatzincan (or Matlatzinkan) languages
    • Atzingo Matlatzinca (or Ocuiltec, Ocuilteco, Okwilteko, Pirinda, Tlahuica, Tlahura) [ocu] (disabled)
    • San Francisco Matlatzinca (or Matlatzinca de San Francisco de los Ranchos) [mat] (disabled)
  • Pamean languages
    • Central Pame (or Pame del Centro, Jiliapan Pame, Pame de Santa María Acapulco) [pbs] (disabled)
    • Northern Pame (or Pame del Norte, Xi’iuy) [pmq] (disabled)
    • Southern Pame [pmz] (disabled)
Otomian languages
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  • Mazahua (or Masawa) languages
    • Michoacán Mazahua [mmc] (disabled)
    • Central Mazahua [maz] (disabled)
      • Atlacomulco-Temascalcingo
      • San Miguel Tenoxtitlán
      • Santa María Citendejé-Banos
  • Southwestern Otomi (or Otomí de la Sierra) languages
    • Temoaya Otomi [ott] (disabled)
    • Estado de México Otomi (State of Mexico Otomi, State of Mexico Otomiatho) [ots] (disabled)
      • San Felipe Santiago Otomí
  • Otomi (or Othomí) languages
    • Southern Otomi languages
      • Ixtenco Otomi (or Southeastern Otomí, Yühmü) [otz] (disabled)
      • Tilapa Otomi (or Otomí de Tilapa) [otl] (disabled)
    • Northwestern Otomi (or Otomí de la Sierra, Otomí del Valle de Mezquital) languages
      • Mezquital Otomi (or Otomí de Mezquital, Hñahñu) [ote] (disabled)
      • Querétaro Otomi (or Santiago Mexquititlan, Hñohño) [otq] (disabled)
    • Eastern Otomi (or Otomí del Oriente) languages
      • Eastern Highland Otomi (or Huehuetla Otomi, Otomí de Huehuetla) [otm] (disabled)
      • Tenango Otomi (or Otomí de Tenango) [otn] (disabled)
      • Texcatepec Otomi (or Otomí de Texcatepec) [otx] (disabled)
Mixtecan languages
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  • Trique (or Triqui, Trike, Triki) languages
    • Copala Triqui (or Copala Trique, Copala-Trique) [trc] (disabled)
    • San Martín Itunyoso Triqui (or Triqui de San Martín Itunyoso) [trq] (disabled)
    • Chicahuaxtla Triqui (or Chicahuaxtla Trique, Chicahuaxtla Trike, Triqui de San Andrés Chicahuaxtla) [trs] (disabled)
      • Laguna
  • Mixtec-Cuicatec languages
    • Mixtec (or Mixteco, Misteko) languages (see below)
    • Cuicatec (or Cuicateco, Kwikateko) languages
      • Teutila Cuicatec [cut] (disabled)
      • Tepeuxila Cuicatec [cux] (disabled)
        • Santa María Pápalo
Mixtec (or Mixteco, Misteko) languages
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  • Amoltepec Mixtec (or Mixteco de Amoltepec, Western Sola de Vega Mixtec) [mbz] (disabled)
  • Mixtepec Mixtec (or Eastern Juxtlahuaca Mixtec, Mixteco de San Juan) [mix] (disabled)
  • Tezoatlán Mixtec (or Mixteco de Tezoatlán de Segura y Luna) [mxb] (disabled)
    • Tezoatlán
    • Yucu Ñuti
  • Central Baja Mixtec languages
    • Northwest Oaxaca Mixtec (or Mixteco del Noroeste de Oaxaca, Mixteco del noroeste) [mxa] (disabled)
    • Silacayoapan Mixtec [mks] (disabled)
      • San Simón Zahuatlán
  • Coast Mixtec (or Coastal Mixtec, Lowland Jicaltepec Mixtec, Tacuate) languages
    • West Coast Mixtec (or Western Jamiltepec Mixtec) languages
      • Pinotepa Nacional Mixtec (or Mixteco de Pinotepa Nacional) [mio] (disabled)
      • Santa María Zacatepec Mixtec (or Mixteco de Santa María Zacatepec, Mzab, Southern Putla Mixtec) [mza] (disabled)
    • East Coast Mixtec languages
      • Chayuco Mixtec (or Mixteco de Chayucu, Eastern Jamiltepec-Chayuco Mixtec) [mih] (disabled)
      • Ixtayutla Mixtec (or Mixteco de Santiago Ixtayutla, Northeastern Jamiltepec Mixtec) [vmj] (disabled)
      • Jamiltepec Mixtec (or Mixteco de Jamiltepec, Eastern Jamiltepec-San Cristobal Mixtec) [mxt] (disabled)
      • San Juan Colorado Mixtec (or Mixteco de San Juan Colorado) [mjc] (disabled)
      • Tututepec Mixtec (or Mixteco de San Pedro Tututepec) [mtu] (disabled)
        • Santa María Acatepec
  • Eastern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Guerrero Mixtec languages
  • Northeastern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Northern Alta Mixtec languages
  • Northern Baja Mixtec languages
  • Southern Baja Mixtec languages
  • Western Alta Mixtec languages
Zapotecan languages
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Chatino languages
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  • Teojomulco Chatino (†) [?]
  • Core Chatino languages
    • Zenzontepec Chatino (or Northern Chatino) [czn] (disabled)
    • Coastal Chatino languages
      • Tataltepec Chatino (or Lowland Chatino, Chatino Occidental Bajo, Chatino de la Zona Baja Occidental) [cta] (disabled)
      • Eastern Chatino languages
        • Nopala Chatino [cya] (disabled)
        • Eastern Highland Chatino (or Sierra Oriental Chatino, Chatino Oriental Alto, Lachao-Yolotepec Chatino) [cly] (disabled)
        • Zacatepec Chatino (or Chatino de Zacatepec, Chatino de Zacatepeco) [ctz] (disabled)
        • Western Highland Chatino (or Sierra Occidental Chatino, Chatino Occidental Alto) [ctp] (disabled)
          • Panixtlahuaca Chatino
          • San Juan Quiahije Chatino
          • Yaitepec Chatino
West Zapotec (or Zimatlán) languages
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  • Totomachapan Zapotec (or Western Zimatlán Zapotec) [zph] (disabled)
    • San Pedro Totomachapan Zapotec
  • West-Central West Zapotec languages
    • El Alto Zapotec (or Southern Zapotec) [zpp] (disabled)
      • South Central Zimatlan Zapotec
      • San Pedro El Alto Zapotec
    • Lachixío Zapotec (or Eastern Zapotec, Dialu) [zpl] (disabled)
      • Eastern Sola de Vega Zapotec
      • Mixtepe Zapotec
      • Petapa Zapotec
      • San Bartolo Yautepec Zapotec
Core Zapotec languages
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  • Macrocoatecano languages (see below)
  • Papabuco languages
    • Elotepec Zapotec (or Northern Zapotec) [zte] (disabled)
      • San Juan Elotepec Zapotec
    • Zaniza Zapotec [zpw] (disabled)
    • Texmelucan Zapotec [zpz] (disabled)
      • Central Sola de Vega Zapotec
      • San Felipe Tejalapan Zapotec (or San Felipe Tejalápam Zapotec)
      • San Lorenzo Texmelucan Zapotec
  • Narrow Core Zapotec languages
    • Northern Core Zapotec languages (see below)
    • Central Core Zapotec languages (see below)
    • Miahuatecano languages
      • Yautepec Zapotec (or Coatlán Zapotec, Eastern Sapoteko, Zapoteco de San Bartolo Yautepec, Zapoteco de Petapa) [zpb] (disabled)
      • Miahuateco (or Miahuatec, Miahuatlan, Miahuatlán Zapotec) languages
        • Cuixtla-Xitla Zapotec (or Southern Mountain Zapotec, Zapoteco de Asunción Tlacolulita) [zam] (disabled)
        • San Agustín Mixtepec Zapotec (or Zapoteco Mixtepeco, Mixtepe Zapotec) [ztm] (disabled)
        • Loxicha Zapotec (or Zapoteco de Loxicha, Southern Ejutla Zapotec, Western Pochutla Zapotec) [ztp] (disabled)
          • Candelaria Loxicha Zapotec
          • San Agustín Loxicha Zapotec
        • Ozolotepec Zapotec [zao] (disabled)
          • San Gregorio Ozolotepec Zapotec
          • San Marcial Ozolotepec Zapotec
Macrocoatecano languages
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  • Coatecas Altas Zapotec (or Zapoteco de San Juan Coatecas Altas, Zapoteco de San Felipe Tejalápam) [zca] (disabled)
  • Amatecano languages
    • Amatlán Zapotec (or Zapoteco de San Cristóbal Amatlán, Zapoteco del Noreste de Miahuatlán) [zpo] (disabled)
    • Tlacolulita Zapotec (or Southeastern Yautepec Zapotec) [zpk] (disabled)
  • Coatec (or Coatecano) languages
    • San Vicente Coatlán Zapotec (or Southern Ejutla Zapotec) [zpt] (disabled)
    • Coatlan-Loxicha Zapotec languages
      • San Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec [zpx] (disabled)
        • Northwestern Pochutla Zapotec
        • San Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec (or San Baltázar Loxicha Zapotec)
      • Coatlán Zapotec [zps] (disabled)
        • Copalita Zapotec
        • Loxicha Zapotec
        • Miahuatec
        • Miahuatlan
        • San Miguel Zapotec
        • San Vicente Coatlán Zapotec
        • Santa María Coatlán Zapotec
        • Southern Ejutla Zapotec
        • Southern Mountain Zapotec
        • Western Miahuatlán Zapotec
        • Western Pochutla Zapotec
Northern Core Zapotec languages
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  • Aloápam Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Choapan Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Rincón Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Sierra de Juárez Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Southeastern Ixtlán Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Southern Rincon Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Tabaa Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Yalálag Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Yareni Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Yatee Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Yatzachi Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Cajonos Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Zoogocho Zapotec [] (disabled)
Central Core Zapotec languages
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  • Asunción Mixtepec [] Zapotec (disabled)
  • Ayoquesco Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Chichicapan Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Guevea De Humboldt Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Güilá Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Isthmus Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Lachiguiri Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Mazaltepec Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Ocotlán Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Petapa Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Quiavicuzas Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • San Pedro Quiatoni Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Santa Catarina Albarradas Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Santa María Quiegolani Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Santo Domingo Albarradas Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Tejalapan Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Tilquiapan Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Zaachila Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Mitla Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • San Juan Guelavía Zapotec [] (disabled)
  • Santa Inés Yatzechi Zapotec [] (disabled)
Popolocan languages
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  • Coyotepec Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • Mezontla Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • San Felipe Otlaltepec Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • San Juan Atzingo Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • San Luís Temalacayuca Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • San Marcos Tlalcoyalco Popoloca [] (disabled)
  • Santa Inés Ahuatempan Popoloca [] (disabled)
Mazatecan languages
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  • Mazatec A languages
    • San Jerónimo Tecóatl Mazatec [] (disabled)
    • Soyaltepec Mazatec [] (disabled)
  • Mazatec B languages
    • Chiquihuitlán Mazatec [] (disabled)
    • Jalapa De Díaz Mazatec [] (disabled)
    • Central East Baja Mazatec languages
      • Ayautla Mazatec [] (disabled)
      • Ixcatlán Mazatec [] (disabled)
  • Mazatec C languages
    • Huautla Mazatec [] (disabled)
    • Mazatlán Mazatec [] (disabled)

Pano-Tacanan languages

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  • Tacanan languages (see below)
  • Panoan languages
    • Mayoruna (or Magirona, Majoruna, Maxirona, Maxuruna, Mayiruna, Mayuzuna) languages (see below)
    • Mainline Pano languages
      • Pano Nawa languages (see below)
      • Kaxarari (or Kaxararí, Kaxariri, Kashararí, Cacharari) [ktx]
      • Cashibo-Cacataibo (or Kashibo-Kakataibo, Managua, Hagueti) [cbr]
        • Cacataibo de Mariscal
        • Cacataibo de Sinchi Roca
        • Cashibo (or Cachibo, Cacibo, Cahivo, Caxibo, Caxinyo, Kashibo, Kashibu)
Tacanan languages:
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  • Cavineña (or Kavinenya) [cav]
  • Mabenaro (†) [?]
  • Takanik-Chamik languages
    • Ese Ejja (or Ese Exa, Ese’eha, Guacanawa, Tambopata-Guarayo, Huarayo, Tiatinagua, Chama, Chuncho) [ese]
    • Takanik languages
Mayoruna (or Magirona, Majoruna, Maxirona, Maxuruna, Mayiruna, Mayuzuna) languages:
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  • Mayoruna-Tabatinga (†) [?]
  • Mayo group languages
    • Matis subgroup languages
      • Mayoruna-Amazon (†) [?]
      • Mayoruna-Jandiatuba (†) [?]
      • Matis (or Matís) [mpq]
    • Matses subgroup languages
      • Demushbo (†) [?]
      • Korubo (or Caceteiros, Chankuëshbo) [xor]
      • Kulina Pano (or Culina, Culino, Kulino, Kulina) [xpo]
      • Matsés (or Matse, Mayoruna-Matsés) [mcf]
Pano-Nawa languages:
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  • Cashinawa of the Tarauacá river (†) [?]
  • Remo of the Blanco river (†) [?]
  • Tuxinawa (or Tuxináwa, Tutxinawa, Tuxinaua, Tuchinaua, Tushinawa) (†) [tux]
  • Chama subgroup languages (see below)
  • Headwaters Pano languages (see below)
  • Madre de Dios Pano languages (†)
    • Arazaire (†) [?]
    • Atsahuaca (or Astahuaca, Atsawaka, Yamaca, Yamaka) (†) [atc]
  • Marubo subgroup languages
    • Marubo (or Marúbo, Marobo, Maruba, Marova) [mzr]
    • Panoan Katukína (or Kaniuá, Katukína, Catuquina, Kamanawa, Kamannaua, Wanninawa) [knt]
      • Ararapina
      • Arara-Shawanawa
      • Ararawa
      • Sanainawa
  • Bolivian Nawa languages
    • Chiriva (†) [?]
    • Karipuna (†) [?]
    • Chácobo (or Shinabo) [cao]
    • Pacahuara (or Acahuara, Pacaguara, Pakaguara, Pacawara, Pakawara) [pcp]
  • Poyanawa subgroup languages
    • Nawa (†) [?]
    • Remo of the Jaquirana river (†) [?]
    • Poyanawa (or Poyanáwa, Poianáua, Poyannawa, Puinahua, Puyanawa) (†) [pyn]
    • Isconahua (or Iskonawaà, Iscobakebo, Iscobaquebu) [isc]
    • Nukuini (or Nukini, Nuquini, Nucuini, Inukuini) (†) [nuc]
      • Cuyanawa
Chama subgroup languages:
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  • Panobo (or Pánobo, Huariapano, Wariapano, Pelado) (†) [pno]
  • Sensi (or Tenti) (†) [sni]
  • Shipibo-Konibo-Kapanawa languages
    • Capanahua (or Kapanawa) [kaq]
      • Pahenbaquebo
    • Shipibo-Conibo (or Shipibo-Konibo, Tschama) [shp]
      • Conibo
      • Pisquibo
      • Shetebo
      • Shipibo
      • Shipibo del Madre de Dios
Headwaters Pano languages:
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  • Remo of the Moa river (†) [rem]
  • Cashinahua (or Cashinahuá, Caxinawa, Caxinawá, Kashinawa, Kashinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxinaua, Kaxinauá, Kaxinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxynawa, Hãtxa Kuĩ (Huni Kuin), Tuxinawa) [cbs]
  • Amahuaca (or Amawaka, Amaguaco, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco) [amc]
    • Inuvaken
    • Viwivakeu
  • Yaminawa complex languages
    • Shanenawa (or Katukina Shanenawa) [swo]
    • Yawanawa (or Yawanawá, Yahuanahua, Jawanaua, Iauanauá, Shanenawa) [ywn]
    • Yora [mts]
    • Sharanahua (or Sharanawa, Parquenahua) [mcd]
      • Chandinahua
      • Marinahua
      • Mastanahua
    • Yaminahua (or Yaminawa, Jaminawá, Yamanawa, Yawanawa, Yuminahua, Morunahua) [yaa]
      • Chitonahua
      • Nuclear Yaminahua

Pama-Nyungan languages

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  • Yimidhirr-Yalanji-Yidinic languages (see below)
  • Yuulngu languages (see below)
  • Karnic languages (see below)
  • Greater Maric languages (see below)
  • Desert Nyungic languages (see below)
  • South-West Pama-Nyungan languages (see below)
  • Southeastern Pama-Nyungan languages (see below)
  • Paman languages (see below)
  • Roth's Gugu Warra (or Kuku-Wara, Coo-coo-warra, Coo-oo-warra, Gugu-Warra, Guguwarra, Koko Wara, Kokowara, Kokowarra, Kookawarra, Koko Laia, Aghu Laia, Aku Laia, Laia) (†) [wrw]
  • Warrgamay (Waragamai, Warakamai, Warkamai, Wargamay, Wargamaygan, Bijai, Biyay, Bandjin, Bungabara, Ikelbara, Herbert River tribe) (†) [wgy]
  • Arandic-Thura-Yura languages
  • Dyirbal (or Djirbal, Djirbaldji, Djiribal, Djirubal, Dyalnguy, Dyarbal, Dyirbaldyi, Dyirbalngan, Jirrbal, Tjirbal, Tyirbal, Chirpa, Chirpalji, Choolngai, Djalnguy, Ngiloongo-I, Njirma) [dbl]
    • Dyiru
    • Girramy
    • Gulnguy
    • Mamu
    • Ngadjan
  • Kala Lagaw Ya [mwp]
    • Kalaw Kawaw
  • Ganaic languages (†)
    • Birrdhawal (†) [ihw]
    • Ganai (or Gaanay, Ganai, Gooni, Cunni, Gunna, Gunnai, Gunai, Kunnai Kurnai, Kurnay) (†) [unn]
  • Kalkatungic languages (†)
    • Kalkutung (or Kalkatunga, Kalkatungu, Galgadungu, Kalkadoon, Calcadoon, Kalkadun, Galgaduun, Kalkadung, Galgadung, Kalkadunga, Kalkaladoona, Kalka-donna, Kalkatongo, Kulkadoon, Kulkodone, Maithakari, Mantaba, Roongkari, Rungkari, Waggaboonyah, Waggabundi, Wakabunga, Workabunga, Worgabunga, Waukaboonia, Workoboongo, Wakobungo) (†) [ktg]
    • Yalarnnga (or Yalarrnga, Yallunga, Jalanga, Yelina, Yellanga, Yellunga, Wonganja) (†) [ylr]
  • Macleay-New England languages (†)
    • Dyangadi (or Djaingadi, Djan-Gadi, Djangadi, Dangadi, Danggadi, Dianggati, Daingatti, Dainggati, Dang-getti, Dhang-atty, Dhangatty, Dhanggati, Dhanggatti, Dangati, daNati, Ghangatty, Thangatti, Thangatty, Thungatti, Danggetti, Danghetti, Tangetti, Tang-gette, Dangali, Danggali, Dunggudi, Dhungutti, Dunghutti, Tungarlee, Tongaranka, Burrgati, Burgadi, Burugardi, Boorkutti, Jang, Yung, Yunggai, Amberu, Himberrong, Ngaku, Nulla Nulla, Macleay Valley language) (†) [dyn]
    • Nganyaywana (or Nganjaywana, Anaiwan, Anaywan, Anewan, Aniwan, Dariwan, Inuwan, Inuwon, Ee-na-won, Eenewon, Enni-won, Yenniwon, Nee-inuwon, En-nee-win, Eneewin, Enuin, Narwo, Nowan) (†) [nyx]
  • Rockhampton-Gladstone (or Wandandian (?), Yetimarala) languages (†)
    • Bayali (or Baiali, Biyali, Bieli, Byellee, Byellel) (†) [bjy]
    • Dharumbal (Darumbal, Tharumbal, Tarumbal, Darambal, Darawal, Warabal, Urambal, Charumbul, Tarumbul, Orambul, Ningebal, Guñmal, Kungmal, Koinjmal, Mamburra, Kuinmurbara, Kooinmarburra, Kooinmerburra, Kungalburra) (†) [xgm]
  • Yarli-Baagandji languages
    • Paakantyi (or Paakantji, Parkengee, Parkungi, Southern Baagandji, Cornu, Kornu, Kurnu, Kuno, Koono, Guerno, Darling River language) [drl]
      • Bagundji (or Bahkunji, Bahkunjy, Barkungee, Bargunji, Baagandji, Bakandi, Bakanji, Barkandj, Barkindji, Barkinji)
      • Kula (Australia)
      • Wiljakali
    • Yarli (†) [?]
      • Malyangapa
      • Wadikali
      • Yardliyawarra
  • Nyawaygic languages
    • Nyawaygi (or Nyawigi, Nawagi, Yi (Australia), Lolo (Australia), Geugagi) [nyt]
    • Wulguru (or Wulgurukaba) (†) [qgu]
    • Yuru (†) [ljx]
  • East Queensland Border Pama Nyungan languages
    • Yagara-Jandai (†) [?]
      • Jandai
      • Yagara
    • Yugambalic languages
      • Guyambal (†) [?]
      • Yugambal-Bigambal languages
        • Bigambal (or Bigambul, Bigumbil) (†) [xbe]
        • Yugambal (or Yukambal, Jukambal, Jukamba, Yugumbal, Yukumba, Yookambul, Yukumbul, Yookumbul, Yukambil, Jukambil, Yookumbil, Yookumbill, Yoocumbill, Ukumbil, Yukumbil, Yugumbil, Jugumbir, Yurimbil, Yoocomble, Yookumble, Ucumble, Yugabeh, Yugambeh, Yacambal, Kwaimbal, Minjanbal, Minjangbal, Minyowa, Minyung, Ngarabal, Ngarrbal, Ngarrabul, Ngarrubul, Manaldjali, Pregalgh, Boggangar) [yub]
  • Ngarna languages
    • Yanyuwa (or Janjula, Yanyula, Yanula, Yanular, Anyuwa, Anuwa, Anyoola, Aniula, Anjula, Anyula, Anula, Unalla, Iangkala, Yangala, Njangga, Njangkala, Leanawa, Leeanuwa, Wadere, Waderi, Wadiri, Yuggamurra, Djirukurumbant) [jao]
    • Southern Ngarna languages
      • Ngarru languages
        • Wagaya (or Waggaia, Wagaja, Wagaiau, Wakaja, Wakaya, Wakkaja, Warkaia, Warkya, Waagai, Wagai, Waagi, Wogaia, Worgaia, Worgai, Workaia, Workia, Woorkia, Workii, Arkiya, Akaja, Ukkia, Lee-wakya, Leewakya, Leeweakya) [wga]
        • Yindjilandji (or Indjilandji, Injdjiladji, Yinjilanji, Inchalanche, Inchalachee, Indjilindji, Injilinji, Indkilindji, Indjurandji, Intjilatja, Dhidhanu) [yil]
      • Thawa languages
        • Bularnu (†) [?]
        • Warluwara (or Warluwarra, Waluwara, Walugara, Walukara, Waloo-kera, Walookera, Walugera, Wlookera, Wolga, Wollegara, Wollegarra, Elookera, Wallawarra, Walgra, Parnkarra, Yannalinka, Yunnalinka, Maula, Mauula, Mawula, Kapula, Didjadidja) [wrb]
Yimidhirr-Yalanji-Yidinic languages:
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  • Guugu Yimidhirr (or Gugu-Yimidhirr, Guugu-Yimidhirr, Gu.gu Yimidir, Gugu Yimijir, Guguyimidjir, Guugu Yimithirr, Gogo-Yimidjir, Gug-Imudji, Kuku Yimidyi, Kukuyimidir, Kokoyimidir, Koko Yimidir, Koko-jimidir, Kokojimoji, Koko Imudji, Jimidir, Jimudji, Emoji, I:du Imudji, Ithu Jidhu, Kookoyuma, Kookoymma, Bulpoonarra Djidjul, Bulponara, Boolcanara, Bullangi, Balara, Jungkurara, Junkara, Kalay, Galai, Garburnga) [kky]
  • Yalandyic languages
    • Djangun (or Djankun, Dyangun, Dyangunbari, Djungan, Djandnandi, Jangun Djanggun, Gugu Djangun, Gugu Dyangun, Kokotjangun, Kuu Jangkun, Shanganburra, Chunkunburra, Changunberries, Chunkumberries, Chunkunberry, Chungki, Koko-Tyankun, Koko-Mudju, Kokomutju, Mutju, Mutyu, Butju, Ngaigungo, Ngaikungo, Ngaikungo-I, Ngaikungu, Adho-Adhom) (†) [djf]
    • Muluridyi [vmu]
    • Kuku-Yalanji [gvn]
      • Kuku-Biraji
      • Kuku-Nyungkul
  • Yidinic languages
    • Dyaabugay (or Tjabakai-Thandji, Tjabogaijanji ,Tjabogaitjandji, Tajbogaijanji, Tjapukai, Tjapukandji, Tjapunkandji, Tjapukanja, Tjankun, Tjankir, Tjunbundji, Koko-Tjumbundji, Koko-Tjumbun, Kokonyungalo, Kokoyungalo, Kokonjunkulu, Kikonjunkulu, Kodgotto, Check-Cull, Chewlie, Bulum-Bulum, Binggu, Hileman, Orlow, Barron River dialect) [dyy]
      • Gulay (Dyaabugay)
      • Njakali (or Nyakali, Ngarlkajie)
      • Nuclear Dyaabugay (or Dyabugai, Dyabugay, Dyabugandyi, Djabugai, Djabugay)
    • Yidiñ (or Charroogin, Djumbandji, Jumbandjie, Gerrah, Mungerra, Mungera, Mungera Ohalo, Gillah, Gijow, Woggil, Bolambi, Boolboora, Peulloburra, Pegullobura, Pegullo-Bura, Yukkaburra, Warryboora, Warra-Warra, Maiara, Myarah, Maimbi, Maimbie, Mulgrave River dialect, Eneby, Deba, Ilba, Guwamal, Kitba) [yii]
      • Gunggay
      • Madyay
      • Nuclear Yidiny (or Yidini, Yidindji, Yidindyi, Yiddinji,, Idindji, Idinji, Indindji, Jidindji, Yidin, Idin, Idi:, Itti, Yiti-ntyi, Yitintyi, Yetinji, Yettingie, Yellingie, Idin-Wudjar, Wudjar)
Yuulngu languages:
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  • Yan-nhangu [jay]
    • Garmalangga
    • Gurjindi
  • Western-Inland Yolngu languages
  • Southern Yolngu languages
Karnic languages:
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  • Ngura (or Karenggapa, Karrengappa, Kurengappa, Poidgerry, Eastern Karnic) [nbx]
    • Badjiri (or Baddyeri, Baderi, Badjedi, Badjiri, Byjerri)
    • Bidjara
    • Dhiraila
    • Garandala
    • Kalali (or Kalil, Kullalli, Kullally, Kullilla, Galali, Garlali)
    • Mambangura
    • Mingbari
    • Ngurawarla
    • Punthamara
    • Wangkumara (or Wankgumara, Wankumara-Punthamara, Wongkumara, Wonkamara, Wonkamarra, Wonkamura, Wonkamurra, Wonkomarra, Wonkubara)
    • Yarumarra
  • Pirriya-Kungkari languages
    • Kuungkari of Barcoo River (or Kuungkari, Kungkari, Kunggari, Koonkerri, Koongerri, Kungeri, Gunggari) [lku]
    • Pirriya (or Piria, Birria, Biria, Bidia) [xpa]
  • Palku languages
    • Arabana-Wangganguru languages
      • Arabana (or Ngarabana, Arabuna, Arrabonna, Arrabunna, Arubbinna, Arbana, Arapani, Arapina, Urabuna, Urabunna, Urapuna, Urroban, Wongkurapuna, Wangarabana, Wangarabunna, Rabuna, Nulla) [ard]
      • Wangganguru (or Wangkangurru, Wangkanguru, Wangka-Jutjuru, Wangkadjera, Wongkanguru, Wonkagnurra, Wonkaoora, Wonggongaru, Wongkongaru, Wongonooroo, Wonkaooroo, Wonkongaru, Wonkongnuru, Wonkonguru, Ongkonguru, Wychinga) [wgg]
    • Pitta-Pitta languages
      • Pitta Pitta (or Pittapitta, Pita Pita, Pita-Pita, Pitapita, Pitha Pitha, Pitha-Pitha, Pitta-Pitta, Bida-Bida, Bidabida, Bidha-Bidha, Bidhabidha, Bitta Bitta, BittaBitta, Bittha Bittha, Wangkapit:a, Wangkahicho, Wangkahichs) [pit]
      • Wanggamala (or Wangkamala, Wanggamanha, Wangkamanha, Wangkamana, Wongkamala, Wonkamala, Wonkamudla, Wonggaman, Wonggawan, Tharlimanha) [wnm]
  • Central Karnic languages
    • Mithaka-Karuwali languages
      • Karruwali [rxw]
      • Mithaka (or Mittaka, Mittuka, Midhaga, Mi daga, Marrala, Marranda, Marunga, Murunuta, Dieri) [?]
    • Western Central Karnic languages
      • Yandruwandhic languages
        • Yawarawarga (or Yawarawarka, Yawarrawarka, Yara-wuarka, Yarrawaurka, Yarrawurka, Yarroworka, Yauarawaka, Yaurawakka, Yauroka, Yaurorka, Yauroworka, Yerawaka, Yowerawarrika, Yowerawoolka, Jauraworka, Jaurorka) [yww]
        • Yandruwandha (or Yandruwonta, Yandruwunta, Yandu-wulda, Yanduwulda, Yantowannta, Yantruwanta, Yantruwunta, Jandruwalda, Jandruwanta, Jandruwontha, Jendru-wonta, Jendruwonta, Yandra Wandra, Yandrawontha, Yanderawantha, Yanderawartha, Yanderwartha, Endawarra, Innamouka) [ynd]
          • Nhirrpi
      • Pirlatapa-Dieric languages
        • Pirlatapa (or Pilatapa, Pillatapa, Pidlatapa, Pilladapa, Piladapa, Pilardapa, Pillitapa, Birladapa, Bilatappa, Biladaba, Biladapa, Billatapa, Billidapa, Berluppa, Pilliapp, Pulladapa, Jarikuna, Yarri-kuna) [bxi]
        • Dieric languages
          • Dieri (or Urronminna, Koonarie, Kunari) [dif]
            • Dirari (or Diari, Dijari, Diyari, Dhirari, Tirari, Ti:ari)
            • Diyeri (or Dayerrie, Dieyerie, Dieyrie, Dieri, Dickeri, Deerie, Dthee-eri, Wongkadieri, Wonkadieri)
          • Ngamini-Yarluyandi-Karangura [yry]
            • Karangura
            • Ngamini
            • Yarluyandi (or Yarleeyandee, Yelyayendi, Yelyuyendi, Jeljujendi)
Greater Maric languages:
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  • Bindalic languages
    • Bindal-Cunningham [?]
    • Bindal-Gorton [?]
    • Bindal-Mount Elliot [?]
  • Guwa-Maric languages
    • Guwa-Yanda languages
      • Guwa (or Goamulgo, Goa, Coah, Coa, Koa) [xgw]
      • Yanda (or Janda, Jangaa, Yunda) [yda]
    • Maric languages
      • Yirandhali [ljw]
      • Eastern Maric languages
        • Giya [?]
        • Biri (or Birri Gubba, Birigaba, Biriaba, Biria, Breeaba, Wiriwiri, Wirri, Wierdi, Widi, Perembba, Perenbba, Juipera) [bzr]
        • Gangulu (or Kangulu, Kaangooloo, Ka-ngool-lo, Kangalo, Khangalu, Kanolu, Kongulu, Kongalu, Konguli, Khang, Cangoolootha) [gnl]
      • Northern Maric languages
        • Gudjal [?]
        • Warungu-Gugu Badhun languages
          • Gugu Badhun (or Gugu-Badhun, Koko Padun, Koko-Patun, Koko Patun, Kokopatun, Patun) [gdc]
          • Warrongo (or Warrungu, Warungu, Warrialgona, Gugu-Badhun, Gudjala, Kuritjal, Kutjala)[wrg]
      • Southern Maric languages
        • Gungabula (or Khungabula, Kungabula, Kongabula, Ongabula) [gyf]
        • Guwamu (or Guamu, Guwa, Oamu, Koamu, Kuamu, Kuam, Kooma, Kaombal, Koambal) [gwu]
        • Kunggari (or Koongerri, Koonkerri, Kungeri, Kuungkari, Kungri, Kogai, Gungari, Gunggari, Goon-garree, Gungar, Coongurri, Congaro, Unggari, Unggri, Ungorri, Unghi, Kogurre, Ngaragari, Yangeberra, Yankibura) [kgl]
        • Mandandanyi (or Mandandanyi, Mandandanji, Mandandanjnjdji, Mundaeinbura, Mundainbara, Kogai, Cogai) [zmk]
        • Wadjigu (or Wainjigo, Waindjago, Wainggo, Wadjainggo, Wainjago, Wadja, Maudalgo) [wdu]
        • Bidyaric languages
          • Bidyara (or Bidjara, Bidjera, Bithara, Bitjara, Peachera, Peechera, Pitjara, Pitteroo, Minkabari, Wilya) [bym]
          • Yandjibara (or ) [xyb]
        • Margany-Gunya languages
          • Gunya (or Gu:nja, Kunja, Kurnja) [gyy]
          • Margany (or Marganj, Marnganji, Marrganj, Maranganji, Mardigan, Marukanji, Murgoan, Murngain, Murgoin) [zmc]
Desert Nyungic languages:
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  • Warumungu [wrm]
  • Wati languages (see below)
  • Ngumpin-Yapa languages (see below)
  • Marrngu languages
    • Mangala [mem]
    • Nyangumarta [nna]
      • Northern Coastal Nyangumarta
      • Southern inland Nyangumarta
    • Karadjeri [gbd]
      • Najanaja
      • Nangu
      • Nawurtu
Wati languages:
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Ngumpin-Yapa languages:
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  • Yapa languages
    • Warlmanpa [wrl]
    • Warlpiri [wbp]
      • Central-northern Warlpiri
      • Hansen River Warlpiri
      • Lander River Warlpiri
      • North-western Warlpiri
      • Southern Warlpiri
      • South-western Warlpiri
      • Western Warlpiri
  • Ngumpin languages
    • Walmajarri [wmt]
      • Djuwarliny
    • Jaru-Ngardi languages
      • Ngardi [rxd]
      • Jaru [ddj]
        • Djaru
        • Nyininy
    • Gurindjic languages
      • Mudburra [mwd]
      • Gurindji [gue]
        • Malngin
        • Wanyjirra
      • Ngarinman [nbj]
        • Bilinarra
        • Eastern Ngarinman
        • Wurlayi
South-West Pama-Nyungan languages:
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  • Yinggarda (or Yingkarta, Jinggarda, Inggarda, Ingara, Ingarra, Ingarrah, Ingarda, Ingada, Ingadi, Inggadi, Ingra, Inparra, Angaardi, Angaardie, Jaburua, Kakarakala, Kurudandi) (†) [yia]
    • Northern Inggarda (or Manthi) (†)
    • Southern Inggarda (or Thirrily) (†)
  • Mirning languages (†)
    • Kalaamaya (†) [lkm]
    • Kalarko (or Kalako, Kalaako, Kalaaku, Kalaku, Kalakul, Galaagu, Galagu, Mirning-Ngadjunma-Kalarko, Ngatjunmay Kalako, West Mirniny) (†) [kba]
    • Ngadjunmaya (or Ngadjunmaia, Ngadjumaja, Ngadjunma, Ngadjunpakara, Ngatjunmay, Ngatjumaya, Ngatjumay, Ngadju, Ngadju:, Ngatju, Ba:donjunga, Badonjunga, Bardojunga, Bardok, West Meening, West Mining, Minninng, Buljigu, Malba, Malpa, Marlba, Adonjunga, Pardoak, Tchaakalaaga, Wangka Malpa, Fraser Range tribe) (†) [nju]
  • Pilbara languages (see below)
  • Nyungar (or Nyunga, Noongar) (†) [nys]
    • Bibbulman (or Bibbulmun, Bibuulmoun, Bibu:lmoun, Bibulmun, Bibilum, Pibilum, Bibulman, Bebleman, Peopleman, Pepelman, Pibelmen, Piblemen, Bajongwongi, Meeraman, Murram) (†) [xbp]
    • Goreng (or Koreng, Ko:rengi, Koorengi, Kuriny, Corine, Coro-ran, Kokar, Kaialiwongi, Warangu, Warranger, Warrangle, Warrangoo, Mongup, Bremer Bay tribe) (†) [xgg]
    • Kaniyang (†)
    • Pinjarup (or Binjarup, Pinjarra, Penjarra, Pidjain, Peejine, Banyoula, Banyowla, Bangoula, Kuriwongi, Yaberoo) (†) [pnj]
    • Wajuk (or Wadjuk, Wadjug, Wadyuk, Whadjuk, Whajook, Wadjup, Yungur, Yungar, Yoongar, Yuard, Yooard, Yooadda, Yuatjek, Juadjuk, Juadjag, Beelia, Beeloo, Karakata, Karrakatta, Minalnjunga, Minnal Yungar, Derbal, Ilakuriwongi, Witjaari) (†) [xwj]
    • Wardandi (or Wardandie, Wadarandee, Waddarndi, Waadandi, Wadjandi, Dordenup, Dornderupwongy, Dardanup, Doonin, Dunanwongi, Belliman, Jabaru, Kardagur, Nghungar, Yabaroo) (†) [wxw]
  • Kartu-Nhanda languages
    • Nhanda (or Nhanta, Nanda, Nanta, Nubda, Nunta, Watchandi, Watchandie, Wathandi, Watjandi, Yau, Yaw, Jau, Eaw, Eau, Bulgulu, Buluguda, Daguda, Amangu, Tamala, Wilunya, Champion Bay tribe) [nha]
    • Kartu languages
      • Badimaya (or Bardimaya, Parti-Maya, Widimaya, Bidungu) (†) [bia]
      • Malgana (or Marlgana, Malkana, Maldjana, Maljanna, Malyana, Majanna, Damala, Tamala, Daguda, Buluguda) (†) [vml]
      • Wajarri (or Wajari, Wajjari, Wadjari, Wad’arri, Wadgaree, Watjari, Watjarri, Wajeri, Wadjeri, Wardal, Iirrawad-’ari, Irawadjari ,Waian-wonga, Waianwonga, Kurduwonga, Kurduwongga, Maliara, Malleyearra, Muliara, Miliara, Miliarra, Meloria, Jamadj, Yamaidyi, Yajeri, Baialdju, Cheangwa, Pidong) [wbv]
Pilbara languages:
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  • Kanyara languages
    • Bayungu (or Bajungu, Baijungo, Baiung, Baiong, Payungu, Paiunggu, Pajungu, Biongn, Giong, Mulgarnoo) (†) [bxj]
    • Pinigura (or Pinikura, Pinikurra, Binigura, Binnigoora, Binnigora, Biniguru) (†) [pnv]
    • Thalanyji-Burduna languages
      • Burduna (or Boordoona, Buduna, Budoona, Bootena, Bu-tena, Budina, Boruna, Poodena, Poordoona, Purduna, Purduma, Pinneegooroo) (†) [bxn]
      • Dhalandji (or Dalangi, Dalandji, Dalaindji, Dalanchi, Dalendi, Djalendi, Talandji, Talanji, Talandi, Talaindji, Talainji, Talangee, Talanjee, Tallainga, Tallainji, Thalantji, Thalanyji, Jinigudera, Jinigudira, Jinigura, Jiniguri, Jarungura, Tal-lainga, Taloinga, Tharkarri, Inikurdira) [dhl]
  • Mantharta languages
    • Djiwarli-Thiin languages (†)
      • Djiwarli (or Djwarli, Dyiwarli, Djiwali, Jiwali, Jiwarli, Jivali, Tci-warli, Tcheewarlee, Tjiwarli, Tjiwali, Tivali, Juwali, Guwari, Kuwari) (†) [dze]
      • Thiin (or Te:n, Teen, Deen, Dhiyin, Thiinma, Teenma, Dhiyinma, Deenma, Thenma, Tenma, Denma) (†) [iin]
    • Wariyangga-Dhargari languages (†)
      • Dhargari (or Dal’gari, Dalgari, Dargari, Tarl-garri, Targari, Tarkari, Tarkarri, Thargari, Tharrgari, Tharrkari, Tarugari) (†) [dhr]
      • Wariyangga (or Warianga, Warrijangga, Warriyangka, Warienga, Wariengga, Wari-wonga, Wariwonga, Wariwongga, Warriwonga, Wadiwangga, Woorenga, Woorienga, Malgaru, Malygaru) (†) [wri]
  • Ngayarda languages
    • Nhuwala (or Nuala, Noala, Ngoala, Noella, Noanamaronga, Nooanamaronga, Nunkaberi, Jawanmala) (†) [nhf]
    • Northern Ngayarda languages
      • Ngarla (†) [nrk]
      • Nyamal (or N’amal, Njalmal, Njamal, Njamarl, Njamat, Ñamal, Namal, Nyamel, Namel, Pundu N’amal, Pundju Njamal, Tjingkai Njamal, Ibarrga, Ibarga, Ibargo, Widagaree, Widagari, Wirdakarri, Weedokarry, Weedookary, Wanbarda, Gnamo) [nly]
    • Central Ngayarda languages
      • Martuthunira (or Martuyhunira, Marduthunira, Mardudhunira, Mardudhunera, Mardudhoonera, Mardudjungara, Mardutunera, Mardutunira, Mardudunera, Marduduna, Mardadhunira, Mardathoonera, Mardatunera, Mardidhoonera, Mardatuna, Mardathoni, Maratunia, Jawunmala) (†) [vma]
      • Nyiyaparli (or Njijapali, Nyiypali, Nyiyabali, Njijabali, Njiabali, Nijadali, Niabali, Iabali, Bailgu, Balgoo, Bailko, Bailko-Pandjima, Balgu, Balygu, Palyku, Paljgu, Boolgoo, Pulgoe, Jana, Janari, Jauna) [xny]
      • Tjurruru (or Tjururu, Tjururo, Tjuroro, Tjororo, Jurruru, Djururu, Djururo, Choororo, Churoro, Chooraroo, Chooraro) (†) [tju]
      • Ngarluma-Kariyarra languages
        • Kariyarra (or Kariyara, Karriara, Karriarra, Kaierra, Kariera, Kariera-Ngaluma, Kyreara, Gariera, Minjiburu:, Minjirbururu, Minjubururu, Kudjunguru, Paljarri) (†) [vka]
        • Ngarluma (or Ngar-luma, Engarluma, Ngaluma, Ngallooma, Ngalama, Gnalluma, Gnalooma, Gnalouma, Naluma, Kymurra, Paljari, Qualluana, Nickol Bay tribe) [nrl]
          • East Ngarluma
          • Jaburarra
          • West Ngarluma
      • Panytyima-Yinhawangka languages
        • Yinhawangka (or Inawangga, Inawongga, Ngalawonga, Ngalawongga, Nalawonga, Ngarla-warngga, Ngarla, Ngaunmardi) [ywg]
        • Panytyima (or Panyjima, Panjtjima, Pand’ima, Pandjima, Panchima, Panjima, Bailko-Pandjima, Bandjima, Banjima, Mandanjongo) [pnw]
          • Mijaranypa
          • Pantikura
      • Yindjibarndi-Kurrama languages
        • Kurrama (or Kurama-Jindjibandi, Kurama, Gurama, Korama, Karama, Karima, Karlamay, Kerama, Jana:ri, Jawunmara) [vku]
        • Yindjibarndi (or Yinjtjipartnti, Yinytjiparnti, Yingiebandie, Jind’iparndi, Jindjiparndi, Jindjibandi, Jindjibanji, Binjiebandie, Indjibandi, Indjibandji, Ingi-bandi, Ingibandi, Injibandi, Indjibandje, Indjiban, Kurama-Jindjibandi, Kakardi, Jana:ri, Yanari, Mandanjongo, Mardanjungu) [yij]
Southeastern Pama-Nyungan languages:
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  • Wiradhuric languages
  • North Coast Pama-Nyungan languages
  • New South Wales Pama-Nyungan languages
  • Victorian Pama-Nyungan languages
Paman languages:
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  • Alaya-Athima languages (see below)
  • Norman Pama languages (†) (see below)
  • Southwest Pama languages (see below)
  • Northern Pama languages (see below)
  • Compromise Middle Pama languages (see below)
  • Gugadj (or Kalibamu, Konggada, Kukatj, Kukatji) (†) [ggd]
  • Mbara-Yanga (†) [mvl]
    • Mbara (Australia) (or Ambara, Bargal, Kumbulmara) (†)
    • Yanga (Australia) (or Midjamba, Mitjamba) (†)
  • Finasleigh Pama languages (†)
    • Mbabaram (or Mbara, Koko-Beberam, Gugu-Mbabaram, Umbarbaram, Umbarbarem, Oombarbarum, Oombarrmbarum, Woombarbarram, Woombarrmbar, Woombarrmbarra, Wumbabaram, Mogmbabarum, Mogmnanarim, Morruburra, Boobu-ram, Booburam, Barbaram, Barbarem, Barbarum, Balbarum, Bar-barum, Kumbulmara, Kwearriburra, Queeariburra, Illagona, Mitjamba, Warrialgona) (†) [vmb]
    • Wamin (or Agwamin, Ak Waumin, Ak-Waumin, Waumin, Wawmin, Ewamin, Egwamin, Gwamin, Wamin, Walamin, Walming, Wimanja, Wommin, Wailoolo, Wakaman, Warkaman, Warkamin, Warkeeman, Warkeemon) (†) [wmi]
  • Lamalamic languages
    • Rimanggudhinma (or Rimanggudinhma, Rimang-Gudinhma, Rima-nggudininhma, Mbariman-Gudhinma, Bariman Gudinhma, Bariman Gutinhma, Parimankutinma, Port Stewart Lamalama) (†) [zmv]
    • Coastal Lamalamic languages
      • Lamalama (or Lama-Lama, Lamu-Lamu, Lamulamul, Korko Lama Lama, Barum Bathama, Mba Rrumbathama, Mba Rumbathama, Mbarrumbathama, Bakanambia) [lby]
      • Umbuygamu (or Umbuigamu, Umpuykumu, Umbindhamu, Moroba-Lama, Morrabalama, Morrobalama, Morrobolam, Banjigam, Barungguan, Barunguan, Baka, Ganganda, Njindingga, Jintjingga, Yintjingga, Kuuku-yani) (†) [umg]
  • Mayabic languages (†)
    • Mayaguduna (or Mayi-Kutuna, Mayi-Kutana, Maigudina, Maikudun, Maikudung, Maigudung, Maikudunu, Mayagoondoon, Mika-doon, Mikoodoono, Mikoolun, Mygoodan, Mygoodano) (†) [xmy]
    • Nuclear Mayabic languages (†)
      • Ngawun (or Ngaon, Ngaun, Naungaun, Nouun) (†) [nxn]
      • Maykulan (or Wunamara) (†) [mnt]
        • Mayi-Kulan (or Mayi-kulan, Maykulan, Maikulan, Maikolon, Maikulung, Makulu, Micoolan, Mikkoolan, Mykoolan, Mykoo-lan, Mygoolan, Miccoolin, Mikoolun, Mycoolon, Mykulau) (†)
        • Mayi-Thakurti (†)
        • Mayi-Yapi (†)
Alaya-Athima languages:
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  • Thaypanic languages (†)
    • Aghu Tharnggalu (or Aghu, Aghu Tharnggala, Aghu-Tharnggala, Aghu-Tharrnggala, Agu-Tarnggele, Aku-Danggela, Darnggele, Darnggelle, Ikarranggali, Gogo Mini, Kuku-Mini) (†) [ggr]
    • Thaypan (or Kuku Thaypan, Kuku-Thaypan, Gugu Dhayban, Kokowara, Coo-coo-warra, Awu Laya, Awu-Alaya, Wu-Laya, Laya, Koko Laia) (†) [typ]
  • Southwestern Alaya-Athima languages
    • Athima (†) [?]
    • Kawarrang-Ogh Undjan (†) [?]
    • Kunjen (or Kundjin, Kunjin, Kun’djan, ’Kundjan, Koonjan, Ngundjan, Kokoyan, Koko Kuntjan, Koka-Koonjin, Kukumindjen, Kukuminjen, Guguminjen, Gundjun) [kjn]
      • Ogh Awarrangg (or Oggonjin, Ogh-Undyan, Ogondyan)
      • Oykangand (or Uw Oykangand, Okundjain)
      • Ulkulu
  • Central Alaya-Athima languages
    • Ikaranggal (or Ikarranggali, Aghu Tharnggalu) (†) [ikr]
    • Tagalaka (or Takalak, Tarkalag, Tagalag, Targa-lag, Targalag, Da:galag, Dagalag, Dagalang) [tgz]
Norman Pama languages: (†)
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  • Kok-Nar (or Koknar, Kok Nar, Kok Narr, Kok-Narr, Koko-Nar, Koko-Nari, Gog Nar, Gugu Nar, Kuk-Narr, Kok Nhang, Koko-Nhang, Gugu Nhang, Kuuk-Nhang, Kundar, Kundara, Goondarra, Gundara, Kwanthar, Kuantari, Kokawan-gar, Kokatabul, Koko-daua, Kokodaue, Kokowanggara, Wangara, Wanggara, Oikand) (†) [gko]
  • Walangama (†) [?]
  • Kuthant-Gurdjar languages (†)
    • Kuthant (or Kutanda, Kotanda, Gudanda, Gudhanda, Gudhand, Gooran, Goothanto, Gar-und-yih, Karundi, Karunti, Ka-rantee, Karrandee, Karrandi, Kurandi) (†) [xut]
    • Rib-Gurdjar languages (†)
      • Areba (or Araba, A:rap, Aripa, Ribh, Rib, Ngariba, Kurtjar) (†) [aea]
      • Gurdjar (or Gurdyar, Gunggara, Kurtjar, Kurtjjar, Kutjar, Kurrtyar, Kuritjari, Koonkurri, Ungorri, Gilbert River tribe) (†) [gdj]
Southwest Pama languages:
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  • Upper Southwest Paman languages
    • Kuuk-Yak (†) [uky]
    • Thayore [thd]
  • Coastal Southwest Paman languages
    • Yir-Yoront (or Millera, Mind’jana, Mundjun, Myunduno, Kuuk-Thawvnhon, Gwandera) [yiy] (deprecated)
      • Yirrk-Mel (or Dangedl, Dhanu’un, Djudjan, Dudjym) [yrm]
      • Yir Yoront (or Yir-Yoront, Yir yoront, Yirr-Yorront, Yirʔ Yoront, Yirrq Yorront, Jir Joront, Jir’jorond, Jirjoront, Yir-yiront, Yirrq-Thuch) [yyr]
        • Gorminang (or Kokomindjan, Kokominjan, Koko-manjoen, KokoMandjoen, Kokomandjoen, Mandjoen, Kokomindjen, Kokominjen, Koko-Minychéna, Kokomindjin, Koka-mungin)
    • Dhawa-Kaber languages
      • Koko Dhawa (†) [?]
      • Gugubera (or Gugu Bera, Kukaberra, Kukubera, Berang, Kungkara, Kokobera, Kokopera, Koko-Bera, Koko Bera, Koko Pera, Kok-Per, Kok-Kaper, Kok-Kapér, Kok Kaber, Kokopapun, Koko papung, Ba:bung, Konanin, Goona-nin, Gunanni, Gunani, Goonamin, Goonamon, Yirrq-Kongarrlh, Kongarrlh, Kok-Chel, Paperyn) [kkp]
Northern Pama languages:
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  • Aritinngitigh (†) [dth]
  • Mbiywom (†) [?]
  • Ngkoth (†) [?]
  • Yinwum (†) [yxm]
  • Mpalityanh-Luthigh (†) [?]
    • Luthigh
    • Mpalitjanh
  • Linngithigh-Alngith languages
    • Alngith [aid] (disabled)
    • Linngithigh (or Linngidhigh, Linngithig, Linngiti, Lingitir, Linŋit̯iγ, Lenngidgh, Lenngeti, Leiningidi, Leningiti, Leningitij, Laini-ngitti, Latangeti, Latarngit, Ladamngid, Cabati, Onnatangnit, Umngnity, Winda Winda) (†) [lnj]
  • Albatross Bay languages
    • Tyanngayt-Mamngayt-Ntrwangayt-Ntrangit (†) [?]
      • Ndra’ngith
      • Awngthim
        • Mamngayt
        • Ntrwangayt
        • Tyanngayt
    • Anguthimri-Yangathimri-Yuputhimri languages
      • Yuputhimri (†) [?]
      • Anguthimri-Yangathimri languages
        • Anguthimri (or Mpakwithi) (†) [awg]
        • Yangathimri [tjj] (disabled)
  • Gudang-Northeast Paman languages (†)
Compromise Middle Pama languages:
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  • Pakanha [pkn]
  • Wikngenchera (or

Wik-ngenchera, Wik-Ngencherra, Wik Ngencherr, Wik Ngantjera, Wik Nganychara, Wik Njinturawik-Nganhcara, Wik-Nantjara, Wik-nantjara, Wiknantyara, Wik-Natjerra, Kugu Nganchara, Kugu Nganychara, Nantjara, Ngandjara, Ngantjeri) [wua]

  • Northeastern Pama languages
  • Wik languages
Arandic languages:
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  • Kaytetye (or Kaititje, Kaitije, Kaititja, Kaitidji, Kaitiji, Kaititj, Kaitish, Kaytej, Kat-tit-ya, Katitja, Katitya, Kat-titch-a, Katitch-a, Katitcha, Kadda-kie, Kaddakie, Kaiditj, Gaididj) [gbb]
  • Lower Southern Aranda (or Lower Aranda, Alitera, Arinta, Arrinda, Arrunta, Arrundta, Arunda, Arunndta, Arunta, Arunta Bu, Arunta Ulpma, Ulpma, Ilpma, Aldolanga, Aldolinga) (†) [axl]
  • Aranda (or A'randa, Arranda, Aranta, Arrernta, Arrernte, Herrinda, Jairunda, Ur-rundie, Urrundie, Waitjinga, Wonggaranda, Wongkatjeri, Wychinga, Burrin-gah, Oiljpma, Paroola) languages
    • Alyawarr (or Aliawara, Alyawara, Alyawarra, Aljawara, Alja:wara, Aliwara, Ilyawara, Ilyauarra, Iljauara, Iljawara, Ilja:wara, Illiaura, Ilyaurra, Iliaura, Iljaura, Alyawarre, Ilawara, Illaura, Ilyowra, Illyowra, Ilyuarra, Illura, Iloura, Ilywara, Jaljuwara, Yalyuwara, Yowera) [aly]
    • Andegerebinha (or Andegerebenha, Andeberegina, Andakerebina, Antekerrepenh, Antekerrepinhe, Andigibinha, Antakiripina, Undekerebina, Willi-willi, Williwilli, Walwallie, Yanindo) [adg]
      • Ayerrerenge (or Ayerreyenge, Aroinga, Yaringa, Jarionga, Jaroinga, Yaroinga, Yarroinga, Yarrowin, Yorrawinga, Yorrowinga, Yuruwinga, Jurangka, Bulanu, Bularnu, Bulanja, Pulanja, Manda)
    • Anmatyerre (or Anmatjara, Anmatjera, Anmatjirra, Imatjera, Inmatjera, Janmadjara, Yanmedjara, Janmatjiri, Yandmadjari, Nmatjera, Unmatjera, Urmitchee) [amx]
      • Eastern Anmatyerre
      • Western Anmatyerre
    • Eastern Arrernte (or Eastern Aranda, Eastern and Central Arrernte, Mparntwe Arrernte, Pitjapitja, Pitjima) [aer] (disabled)
      • Akarre
      • Antekerrepenh
      • Ikngerripenhe
      • Mparntwe Arrernte
    • Western Arrarnta (or Western Aranda, Western Arranta, Western Arrarnte, Western Arrernte) [are] (disabled)
      • Akerre
Thura-Yura languages:
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  • Wirangu (or Warrangoo, Wirrongu, Wirongu, Wironguwongga, Weerung, Wirrung, Wirrunga, Wirangga, Wangon, Wanggan, Wambira, Wanbiri, Warna-biri, Nonga, Nhangga, Njangga, Nyangga, Ngadha Wangga, Ngadhu Wangga, Ngoleiadjara, Ulbarara, Youlbara, Yulbara, Yulbara wonga, Tidni, Tidnie, Titnie, Hilleri, Hillery, Illarie, Yilrea, Jilbara, Wilyaru, Willeuroo, Willuro, Julbari Wonnga, Naljara, Nhawu, Windakan, Kartawongulta) (†) [wgu]
  • Core Thura Yura languages
    • Nauo (†) [nwo]
    • Ngadjuri (†) [?]
    • Nugunu (Australia) (or Nukunnu, Nukunu, Pukunna, Nuguna, Nu-guna, Njuguna, Nokunna, Nookoona, Noocoona, Nukuna, Nukunna, Nukana, Barutadura, Doora, Tura, Tjura, Tyura, Eura, Warra, Wongaidja, Wongaidya) (†) [nnv]
    • Southern Thura-Yura languages
      • Kaurna
      • Narungga (or Narunga, Nanunga, Nar-anga, Naranga, Narangga, Narranga, Narrang-gu, Narranggu, Narrang-u, Narrangu, Moor-in-nunjie, Murinandji, Wallaroo Tribal) [nnr]
        • Adjabdurah (or Adjahdurah, Adjadura, Adjahdural)